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Spa Passive Cooling Performance Analysis

Spa Passive Cooling Performance Analysis

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Published by: parchure123 on Feb 14, 2014
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PDEC systems have been used with various types of cooling devices such as, spray devices (pressure and ultrasonic nozzles), aspen fibre pads, corrugated cellulose pads, etc

The water collected at the bottom of the pond is re circulated by a small pump.Givoni [22] has developed performance equations for the “shower” tower. When drops of water are sprayed vertically downward from the top of the shaft. they entrain a volume of air which flows down the shaft with falling water. It consists of an open shaft with showers at the top and collecting “pond” at the bottom. The air thus gets cooled and can be used for cooling of a building. .

3. 4.CASE STUDY –Details 1. Brief design details Technical details Results Performance Report hand written max. 2000 words . 2.

2) The roof must be covered with water absorptive and retentive materials such as gunny bags. evaporation also cools the air above the roof. sintered fly-ash. coconut husk or coir matting. Roof surfaces can be effectively and inexpensively cooled by spraying water over suitable water-retentive materials (e. brick ballast. As the water evaporates. the solar radiation incident on roofs is very high in summer. Besides. thus lowering its temperature and reducing heat gain. but they have to be treated for fire safety. behave like a free water surface for evaporation. The cool air slides down and enters the living space through infiltration and ventilation.g. . the following points need to be taken note of: 1) Suitable waterproofing treatment of the roof should be done. gunny bags) spread over the roof surface. or by a small water pump. On account of their porosity. For installing a roof surface evaporative cooling system. leading to overheating of rooms below them. the quantity of water needed is approximately 10 kg/ day/ m2 of roof area. providing additional cooling. 3) During peak summer. This is an example of the passive indirect evaporative cooling technique. The sprayer usually works at low water pressure which can be achieved either by a water head of the storage tank on the roof.. these materials when wet.Roof Surface Evaporative Cooling (RSEC) In a tropical country like India. 4) The roof must be kept wet throughout the day using a water sprayer. The durability of such materials is rather good. The sprayer can be manually operated or controlled by an automatic moisture-sensing device. it draws most of the required latent heat from the surface.

Performance Analysis The effectiveness of RSEC depends on: • ambient air temperature and humidity • intensity of solar radiation • wetness of the roof surface • roof type .





the daily as well as seasonal variations of the temperature reduce rapidly with increasing depth from the earth's surface. It is equal to the annual average ambient airtemperature at that place.Earth Coupling • This technique is used for both passive cooling as well as heating of buildings. The temperature of the earth's surface is controlled by the ambient conditions. a feat which is made possible by the earth acting as a massive heat sink. both daily and seasonal fluctuations die out and the soil temperature remains almost stable throughout the year. • However. • At depths beyond 4 to 5m. .


thermal conductivity of the pipe material. which in turn is governed by the resistances offered by: (i) the convection between air and inner surface of the pipe. blackened. white-painted or wetted with water) . specific heat.Performance Analysis The performance of the earth-air pipe system depends on the rate of heat transfer between the air and surrounding earth. (ii) conduction through the thickness of the pipe wall. performance of the earth-air pipe system depends on • system parameters (depth of the pipe from the earth's surface. its length and radius. density and moisture content) • weather conditions (solar radiation. ambient temperature) • earth’s surface conditions (shaded. and air speed through the pipe) • soil parameters surrounding the pipe (thermal conductivity. and (iii) conduction through the surrounding earth.

The temperature TAL at the end of a pipe of length L can be written as .




. Country House of Reena and Ravi Nath. Dera Library. Wazirpur. Gurgaon. Beas. Dilwara Bagh. Gurgaon. Radha Swami Satsang. etc.CASE STUDY –Details Earth-air pipe systems have been installed at many places in the country. Gwalpahari. RETREAT building.

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