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Material

Cement (OPC)

Unit Weight
(Density)
kN/m3
14.10

Sand
- Dry Clean
- River
- Wet
Coarse Aggregates
Steel

15.1 - 15.7
18
17.25 - 19.6
15 - 18
78.5

Water
- Fresh

9.81

- Salt

10.05

Plain Cement Concrete (PCC)

24

Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC)

25

Bricks (Burnt Clay)


Fly Ash

15.7 - 18.85
5.5 - 7

Gravel
- Loose

18.8 - 21.2

- Rammed

25.9 - 27.4

Brick Masonry

18.85 - 23.5

Stone Masonry

20.4 - 26.5

Cement - Sand Mortar


Lime Mortar
Brick Dust (Surkhi)

20.4
15.7 - 18
9.9

Timber
- Chir

5.65

- Deodar

5.35

- Sal

8.5

- Teak

6.25

Earth
- Dry

13.8 - 18

- Wet

15.7 - 19.6