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m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
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gZj‡ei BwZe„Ë

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY gZj‡ei BwZe„Ë Dc‡Rjv cÖkvmb, gZje `w¶Y, Pvu`cyi 1

Dc‡Rjv cÖkvmb, gZje `w¶Y, Pvu`cyi

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gZj‡ei BwZe„Ë

cÖ_g cÖKvk, b‡f¤^i : 2013 cÖKvkK : Dc‡Rjv cÖkvmb, gZje `w¶Y, Pvu`cyi

cÖ”Q` cwiKíbv- mwdKzj Bmjvg, Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi I gvKmy`yj nK evejy

cÖ”Q`- Kvjvi wKs wPÎMªvnK- mwdKzj Bmjvg, Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi gy`ª‡Y : Ave`yj nvbœvb †jLvcov 38/2, evsjvevRvi, XvKv| ï‡f”Qv g~j¨- 250.00 (UvKv `yBkZ cÂvk gvÎ|)

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m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
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Z_¨ msMÖn KwgwU

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m¤úv`bv KwgwU

1| Rbve mwdKzj Bmjvg, Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY, Puv`cyi- AvnŸvqK/m¤úv`K| 2| Rbve †gvt bvwRg DwÏb, Dc‡Rjv gva¨wgK wk¶v Awdmvi- m`m¨| 3| Rbve †gvt gvKmy`yj nK evejy, cwiPvjK, gZje m~h©gyLx KwP-KvuPvi †gjv- m`m¨| 4| Rbve RvwKi †nv‡mb, mvsevw`K, ˆ`wbK cÖ_g Av‡jv- m`m¨| 5| Rbve AvBbyb bvnvi Kv`ix, cÖfvlK, evsjv wefvM, gZje wWMÖx K‡jR-m`m¨| 6| Rbve †gvt BKevj †nv‡mb, mvsevw`K, ˆ`wbK mgKvj-m`m¨|

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m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

wefvMxq Kwgkbv‡ii evYx

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PÆMÖvg wefvM

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Puv`cyi|

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gZj‡ei BwZe„Ë

 

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m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
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11

Z_¨ msMÖn KwgwUi m`m¨ me©Rbve Rqbvj cÖavb, gvKmy`yj nK evejy, †gvt Awn`yj Bmjvg miKvi eva©K¨ m‡Ë¡I hye‡Ki g‡Zv cÖvYkw³ wb‡q BDwbq‡b BDwbq‡b wM‡q Z_¨ msMÖn Ki‡Z Avgv‡K mn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Qb| me©Rbve †iRvDj Kwig, AvBbybbvnvi Kv`ix, †gvt BKevj †nv‡mb, k¨vgj P›`ª `vm Zvu‡`i kZ e¨¯ÍZvi gv‡SI Avgvi mv‡_ Z_¨ msMÖ‡n BDwbq‡b †ewi‡q‡Qb Ges Zvu‡`i wbR¯^ fvÛvi †_‡K Z_¨ w`‡q, Lmov ms‡kvab K‡i mn‡hvwMZv K‡i‡Qb| Rbve Kvgiæ¾vgvb wkK`v‡ii wbKU A‡kl K…ZÁZv; KviY Zvui †jLv eB †_‡K A‡bK Z_¨ I DcvË Avgiv MÖnY K‡iwQ| Rbve gvKmy`yj nK evejyi w`bivwÎ cwikÖ‡gi d‡jB eBwU cwic~Y© iƒc †c‡q‡Q| Z_¨ msMªn, wewkó e¨w³Z¡‡`i Rxebx msMÖn, wewfbœ cÖwZôv‡bi Kv‡Q hvIqv, XvKvq hvIqv BZ¨vw` A‡bK aKj wZwb nvwmgy‡L m‡q‡Qb| Rbve †gvt Awn`yj Bmjvg miKv‡ii gZj‡ei BwZnvm wb‡q A‡bK AvMÖn| hLbB †Kvb Z_¨ wb‡q wØav †`Lv w`‡q‡Q, ZLbB Zuvi kiYvcbœ n‡qwQ| wZwb Zvui ¯§„wZ †_‡K, wewfbœ eB †_‡K msMÖn K‡i Zv `„p K‡i‡Qb|

cvV‡Ki AbymwÜrmy g‡bi Ávb-wccvmv wgUv‡Z f~wgKv ivL‡j eBwU cÖKv‡k Avgv‡`i G cÖ‡Póv mv_©K n‡e| gvbbxq †Rjv cÖkvmK g‡nv`‡qi Drmvnc~Y© e³e¨ I `vwqZ¡kxj AwffveKmyjf †bZ…Z¡ Avgv‡K GB KvRwU ev¯Íevq‡b hvicibvB AbycÖvwYZ K‡i‡Q| Zvui Kv‡Q Avwg AvšÍwiKfv‡e K…ZÁ| gvbbxq msm` m`m¨ g‡nv`q, m¤§vwbZ Dc‡Rjv †Pqvig¨vb I fvBm-†Pqvig¨vb g‡nv`qMY, Dc‡Rjvi mKj Kg©KZ©ve„›`, †gqi I KvDwÝjiMY, mKj BDwbqb †Pqvig¨vbMY I †g¤^viMY, ¯’vbxq ivR‰bwZK †bZ…e„›` I Av‡iv hviv eBwU cÖKv‡k cÖZ¨ÿ I c‡ivÿfv‡e f~wgKv †i‡L‡Qb, Zvu‡`i mKj‡K Rvbvw”Q AvšÍwiK ab¨ev`| eBwUi cÖKv‡k cÖ¯‘wZ KwgwU, m¤úv`bv KwgwU I Z_¨ msMÖn KwgwUi mKj m`m¨‡K AvšÍwiKfv‡e K…ZÁZv RvbvB| MÖš’ cÖKvk Ki‡Z wM‡q Avwg AKzÚ mn‡hvwMZv †c‡qwQ gZje Dc‡Rjv cÖkvm‡bi mKj mnKg©xi| Zvu‡`i‡K RvbvB K…ZÁZvmn ab¨ev`| cy¯Í‡Ki ¯^v‡_© mg‡q Amg‡q e¨¯Í †i‡LwQ mnKg©x wgRvbyi ingvb I †bvqvemn Ab¨vb¨‡`i| Zviv nvwmgy‡L Avgv‡K mnvqZv w`‡q‡Qb| Avi mePvB‡Z Z¨vM ¯^xKvi K‡i‡Q Avgvi mnawg©bx myRb, †g‡q †kÖqv I †Q‡j ¯ú›`b| KviY mvivw`b Awdm K‡i cÖvq ga¨ivwÎ ch©šÍ eB wb‡q KvR K‡iwQ cÖvq Qq gvm; †h mg‡q Giv Avgvi mvnPh© †_‡K ewÂZ n‡q‡Q|

kZ †Póv I mZK©Zv m‡Ë¡I gy`ªY-cÖgv` Ges wKQz ÎæwU weP¨ywZ i‡q †h‡Z cv‡i| wcÖq cvVK mvbyMÖ‡n †h †Kvb ms‡kvab, ms‡hvRb I mwbœ‡e‡ki cÖ¯Íve w`‡j Zv cieZ©x ms¯‹i‡Y MÖnY Kiv n‡e| gZje Avgv‡K hv w`‡q‡Q Zvi Zzjbv †bB, Gi †Kvb wewbgqI †bB| Zey Aÿg cÖ‡Póvq AwZ mvgvb¨ wKQz w`‡q `vq †kv‡ai ZvwM` †_‡KB G eB| gZjeevmx cÖmbœ g‡b MÖnY Ki‡j K…ZÁ n‡ev|

mwdKzj Bmjvg

AvnŸvqK/m¤úv`K

12

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

Z_¨ msMÖn I m¤úv`bv KwgwU|

BwZnvm‡K Rvb‡Z n‡e, Rvbv‡Z n‡e

gvbyl Luy‡R †eovq AZxZ‡K| AZxZ kw³ †hvMvq bZzb c‡_ G¸evi| gvbyl AZxZ‡K †S‡o †dj‡Z PvB‡jI gy‡Q †dj‡Z cv‡i bv| Avgiv Avgv‡`i mwVK BwZnvm Rvwb bv| Rbc‡`, cjøx‡Z, AÁvZ RvqMvq KZ bv BwZnvm KZ NUbv i‡q‡Q, AbymwÜrmy ü`‡qi Afv‡e †m me Kvwnbx I BwZnvm cÖvq jyß| wKš‘ Zv G‡Kev‡i wejyß n‡q hvqwb, wejyß nIqv DwPZ bqÑ G¸‡jv msiÿY AZ¨š— Riæix| `yt‡Li welq, G wel‡q Avgv‡`i LyeB wbwj©ßZv, AvMÖ‡ni ev †KŠZzn‡ji eoB Afve| Avgv‡`i Aw¯Í‡Z¡i cÖ‡qvR‡bB Avgv‡`i BwZnvm Rvbv Avek¨K| Avgv‡`i gZje Dc‡Rjvmn A‡bK †Rjv/Dc‡Rjvi BwZnvm, †fŠMwjK Ae¯’vb A‡bK cÖvPxb| G AZx‡Zi A‡bK K_vB Avgv‡`i ARvbv| Avgv‡`i eû g~j¨evb Z_¨, n¯ÍwjwLZ cuyw_ ev †KviAvb kixd, fv¯‹h©, cÖvPxb KxwZ©, gy`ªv, cÖvPxb mf¨Zvi cÖPzi Dcv`vb Ae‡njvq webó n‡q wM‡q‡Q| GUv mgvR ev RvwZi Rb¨ AZ¨šÍ `yf©vM¨RbK| Avgv‡`i AvMÖnx Z_¨vbymÜvbKvix‡`i AÜKv‡i nvZwo‡q cÖK…Z m‡Z¨i D`&NvU‡b cÖvYvšÍ n‡Z nq| eoB cwiZv‡ci welq, G A‡ji BwZnvm, HwZn¨, ms¯‹…wZi Dci †Zgb †Kvb MÖš’ ev `wjj †KD †i‡L hvbwb|

GK Kv‡ji e„nËg gZje Dc‡Rjv AvR Avi eo Dc‡Rjv bv n‡jI i‡q‡Q mg„× AZxZ| nviv‡bv HwZn¨ I Z_¨ we‡køl‡Yi Av‡jv‡K Ab¨ `kUv Dc‡Rjv †_‡K Avjv`v HwZ‡n¨i AwaKvix| Puv` mI`vM‡ii ¯§„wZwPý, wkÿv I ms¯‹…wZi D¾¡j cv`cxV, ¯^vaxbZv Av‡›`vj‡b G Dc‡Rjv ¸iæZ¡c~Y© f~wgKv †i‡L‡Q| gZj‡ei Rbc` I gvbyl‡`i Kvwnbx, Zv‡`i gnvb ms¯‹…wZi †MŠiegq Ae`vb I wb`k©b D‡jø‡Li `vex iv‡L| gZje Dc‡Rjvi A‡bK MÖvg, ¯’vb, emwZ i‡q‡Q, b`-b`x, Lvj wej i‡q‡Q, gmwR`, gw›`i, gvRvi i‡q‡Q, hv Avgv‡`i Avb›` †e`bv fiv Rxe‡b bZzb bZzb HwZ‡n¨i cÖevn| Avgv‡`i A‡bK K…wZ mšÍvb i‡q‡Qb, Zuviv Avgv‡`i c‡_i w`kvix| Gme w`K jÿ¨ †i‡LB MÖš’ iPbvi gnvb `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Z GwM‡q G‡m‡Qb gZje `w¶Y Dc‡Rjv cÖkvmb| we‡kl K‡i Gi KY©avi, BDGbI mwdKzj Bmjvg| wZwb K‡Vvi cwikÖg K‡i gZje `w¶Y Dc‡Rjvi MÖv‡g-M‡Ä, nv‡U-gv‡V Ny‡i Ny‡i A‡bK kÖg I Kó K‡i Z_¨ DcvË msMÖn K‡i‡Qb| Zuv‡K mn‡hvwMZv Ki‡Z GwM‡q G‡m‡Qb GK SuvK Z_¨vbymÜvbx, AvMÖnx Kg©x| wZwb Avgv‡`i mvg‡b Av‡jvK¯Í‡¤¢i g‡Zv `„óvšÍm¤úbœ gvbyl| kZ e¨¯ÍZvi gv‡SI w`‡bi Kg©‡k‡l iv‡Zi m‡½ cvjøv w`‡q BwZnvm mvabvq wb‡R‡K mgwc©Z K‡i‡Qb| Kvnv‡iv cÖej B‡”Q kw³ _vK‡j wZwb Kvw•¶Z jÿ¨ AR©‡b Aek¨B

13

mg_© n‡eb e‡j Avgiv `„pfv‡e wek¦vm Kwi| G MÖš’ cÖKv‡k wZwb †h cvi½gZvi cwiPq w`‡q‡Qb, Zv‡Z Avgiv cÖxZ, DrmvwnZ I Avkvwš^Z|

G MÖ‡š’ gZj‡ei †fŠMwjK Ae¯’vb, BwZnvm, HwZn¨, mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK †cÖÿvcU, ag© Rxeb, cÖZœZË¡ m¤ú`, cÖwm× ¯’vb, Z_¨vejxi hyw³wbô Av‡jvPbv I e¨vL¨v-we‡kølY i‡q‡Q| cÖvPxbKvj †_‡K ïiæ K‡i eZ©gvb ch©šÍ we¯Í…Z Z_¨ eY©bvq cvi`wk©Zvi cwiPq †g‡j| ZvB gZjeevmxi mvg‡b GwU GKwU g~j¨evb `wjj wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ n‡e| G MÖš’wU‡K Av‡iv Z_¨ mg„× Kivi j‡ÿ¨ wKQz g¨vc, `yj©f Qwe h_v¯’v‡b e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q| G MÖš’wU Avgv‡`i eZ©gvb I fwel¨Z cÖR‡b¥i c_wb‡`©k I ÁvbvR©‡b we‡kl mnvqK n‡e e‡j Avgv‡`i aviYv| MÖš’wU wbtm‡›`‡n Avgv‡`i m¤§y‡L GKwU m¤¢vebvgq w`K D‡b¥vPb K‡i‡Q| bZzb cÖRb¥, cvVK I M‡elK‡`i M‡elYv I Rvbvi myweav‡_© G MÖš’ gvBj djK wn‡m‡e KvR Ki‡e| Gi Av‡M gZje Dc‡Rjvi Dci †Kvb c~Y©v½ MÖš’ iwPZ nqwb| d‡j gZje Dc‡Rjvi †Kvb cÖK…Z Z_¨ †bB| BDGbI mwdKzj Bmjvg wbR `vq I `vwqZ¡‡eva †_‡K G KwVb Kv‡R nvZ w`‡q Aek¨ mKj gn‡ji cÖksmv Kzwo‡q‡Qb|

me‡k‡l ej‡ev, MÖš’wU †h g~j¨evb n‡q DV‡e Zv‡Z m‡›`n †bB| ZvB BwZnvm‡K Rvbv I BwZnvm‡K Rvbv‡Z KiYxq Kv‡R mK‡ji GwM‡q Avmv DwPZ|

†jLK : †gvt gvKmy`yj nK evejy

14

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

cÖ_g Aa¨vq : †fŠ‡MvwjK, ivR‰bwZK I mvs¯‹…wZK BwZnvm

Puv`cyi †Rjv

1779 wLª÷v‡ã weªwUk kvmbvg‡j Bs‡iR RwicKvix †gRi †Rgm †i‡bj ZrKvjxb evsjvi †h gvbwPÎ AsKb K‡iwQ‡jb Zv‡Z Puv`cyi bv‡g GK AL¨vZ Rbc` wQj| ZLb Puv`cy‡ii `w¶‡Y biwmsncyi bvgK (eZ©gv‡b hv b`xM‡f© wejxb) ¯’v‡b Puv`cy‡ii Awdm-Av`vjZ wQj| cÙv I †gNbvi m½g¯’j wQj eZ©gvb ¯’vb †_‡K cÖvq 60 gvBj `w¶Y-cwð‡g| †gNbv b`xi fv½vMovi †Ljvq G GjvKv eZ©gv‡b wejxb| evi f~uBqv‡`i Avg‡j Puv`cyi AÂj weµgcy‡ii Rwg`vi Puv` iv‡qi `L‡j wQj| HwZnvwmK †R. Gg. †mb¸‡ßi g‡Z Puv` iv‡qi bvgvbymv‡i G A‡ji bvg Puv`cyi| Ab¨‡`i g‡Z, Kw_Z Av‡Q Puv`cy‡ii (†Kvovwjqv) cywi›`cyi gnj-vi Puv` dwK‡ii bvgvbymv‡i G A‡ji bvg Puv`cyi| Kv‡iv Kv‡iv g‡Z, kvn Avn‡g` Puv` bv‡g GKRb cÖkvmK w`j-x †_‡K cÂ`k kZ‡K GLv‡b G‡m GKwU b`x e›`i ¯’vcb K‡iwQ‡jb| Zuvi bvgvbymv‡i Puv`cyi| 1878 mv‡j cÖ_g Puv`cyi gûKzgvi m„wó nq| 1896 mv‡ji 1 A‡±vei Puv`cyi kni‡K †cŠimfv wn‡m‡e †NvlYv Kiv nq| 1984 mv‡ji 15B †deª“qvwi Puv`cyi †Rjv wn‡m‡e AvZ¥cÖKvk K‡i|

†R Gd eªvBbx wm Gm Gi g‡Z ivRv †UvWigj 1588 wLª÷v‡ã †gvMj cÖkvm‡bi Rb¨ 19wU wefv‡Mi cÖeZ©b K‡ib| G 19wU wefv‡Mi g‡a¨ GKwU wefvM n‡jv †mvbviMuvI miKvi| hvi g‡a¨ wÎcyiv I †bvqvLvjx Aš—fy©³ wQj| 1722 wLª÷vã ch©š— †UvWig‡ji g~j miKvi Ges kvn myRv KZ…©K 1658 mv‡j mshy³ 13wU PvKjv ev mvgwiK Awa‡¶‡Îi 1wU wQj XvKv hv Rvnv½xibMi bv‡g cwiwPZ wQj| 1765 wLª÷v‡ã XvKv wbqvev‡Zi Ask wn‡m‡e mgªvU evnv`yi kvn KZ…©K cÖ`Ë †`Iqvbx BRvivi wfwˇZ B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvbx cÖ_g G A‡j cÖ‡ek K‡i| ZLb evsjvi c~e©v‡j Pjgvb `ytL-`y`©kv I `yM©wZi KviY AbymÜv‡bi `vwqZ¡ †`qv nq wgt wcUvimb bv‡gi GKRb Bs‡iR‡K| Zuvi wb‡`©kbvq `vD`Kvw›` I fyjyqv

15

(†bvqvLvjxi c~e©bvg) ciMYv‡K GKwU c~Y©v½ †Rjv wn‡m‡e MVb Kivi cÖwµqv ïi“ nq| wgt eyjvi bvgK GK e¨w³i mycvwik †evW© KZ…©K Aby‡gvw`Z nIqvq 1789 wLª÷v‡ã wÎcyiv‡K †Rjv wn‡m‡e †NvlYv Kiv nq| mg‡q mg‡q wewfbœ ai‡bi cwieZ©b cÖwµqv m¤úbœ nq| 1811 wLª÷v‡ã eªþcyÎ I †gNbv b`xi ga¨eZ©x GjvKv‡K wÎcyiv Ges XvKv I gqgbwms‡ni mxgvbv wn‡m‡e wba©viY Kiv nq| 1821 wLª÷v‡ã ch©š— †bvqvLvjx wÎcyiv †Rjvi Ask wQj| H eQi †bvqvLvjx c„_K Kv‡j±‡ii Aax‡b P‡j hvq| 1860 wLª÷v‡ã bvwmibMi hv eZ©gv‡b eªvþYevwoqv bv‡g cwiwPZ †m AÂj Ges 1878 wLª÷v‡ã `w¶Y-cwðgvÂjxq _vbv wb‡q Puv`cyi gnKzgv MwVZ nq| 1960 wLª÷v‡ã c‡njv A‡±vei wÎcyiv †Rjvi bvg cwieZ©b K‡i Kzwgj-v †Rjv bvgKiY Kiv nq| 1858 wLª÷v‡ã wÎcyiv †Rjv 11wU _vbv wb‡q MwVZ wQj| †KvZqvjx ev Kzwgj-v, eviKvgZv, `vD`Kvw›`, mijv, jvKmvg, RMbœv_w`wN, Kmev, bvwmibMi, †MŠixcyi, RyeKxevRvi I nvRxMÄ| ZLb 15wU AvDU †cv÷ wQj| 1878 wLª÷v‡ã RyeKxevRvi‡K Puv`cyi wn‡m‡e bvgKiY Kiv nq|

cÖvPxbKv‡j gZje

Pvu`cyi †Rjvi gZje Dc‡Rjvi f~-ZvwË¡K MVb n‡q‡Q cøvB‡÷vwmb I n‡jvmxb hy‡M| GLvbKvi †fŠMwjK BwZnv‡mi mÜvb cvIqv hvq cvwM©Uvi iwPZ c~e©-fviZxq †`kmg~‡ni cÖvPxbKv‡ji gvbwP‡Î| G gvbwP‡Î AvR‡Ki evsjv‡`‡ki G A‡ji `w¶‡Y mvMib~‡ci, Dˇi cÖvM‡R¨vwZl I c~e© fv‡Mi cvnv‡oi cv`‡`‡ki AÂj ÔwKivZvmÕ bv‡g AwfwnZ wQj| ZrKvjxb †jvwnZ b`xi (AvR‡Ki eªþcyÎ b`x) cwj Øviv ÔwKivZvmÕ AÂj MwVZ| ÔwKivZvmÕ A‡ji AwaKvsk ¯’vb wb‡qB ZrKvjxb Kzwgj-v †Rjv MwVZ n‡qwQj| A_©vr Puv`cyi †Rjvi gZje Dc‡RjvI D³ ÔwKivZvmÕ A‡ji AšÍfy©³ wQj| Ugvm IqvUv‡ii gvbwP‡Î c~e©-fviZxq A‡ji G ¯’v‡b wZZvm I m¤¢eZ †MvgZx b`xi MwZc‡_i `w¶‡Y Ôkªx‡¶ÎÕ bvgK ¯’v‡bi Ae¯’vb †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q| eZ©gvb Puv`cyi †Rjv Ges †bvqvLvjx †Rjvi cwðgvsk wb‡q ZrKvjxb Ôkªx‡¶ÎÕ MwVZ n‡qwQj e‡j A‡b‡K g‡b K‡ib|

eZ©gvb Puv`cyi Z_v gZje Dc‡Rjv cÖvPxb e‡½i mgZU iv‡R¨i Aš—fy©³ wQj| mßg kZvãxi wØZxq cv‡`i †kl w`‡K ˆPwbK cwieªvRK Iqvb †PvqvO mgZU iv‡R¨ AvMgb

16

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

K‡iwQ‡jb e‡j Zuvi ågY e„Ëv‡š— cvIqv hvq| wZwb mgZU‡K mgy`ª ZxieZ©x wbgœ Av`ª©- f~wg iƒ‡c eY©bv K‡i‡Qb hv GB AÂj‡K †evSvq| cÖvPxb evsjvi ¸ß, cvj I †mb ivRes‡ki ivRviv G AÂj kvmb K‡i‡Qb e‡j cÖgvY cvIqv hvq| PÆMÖvg wefv‡Mi DËivÂj I XvKv wefv‡Mi wKq`vsk cÖvPxb mgZU iv‡R¨i Aš—fy©³ wQ‡jv| mgZU iv‡R¨i AvqZb wQ‡jv cÖvq 700 gvBj| m½ZKvi‡YB aviYv Kiv nq e„nËi Kzwgj-v ev c~e©Zb wÎcyivi Aš—M©Z gZje Dc‡Rjv cÖvPxb mgZU iv‡R¨i Aš—fy©³ wQ‡jv| †h‡nZz mgZ‡Ui Awaevmxiv †eŠ× ag©vej¤^x wQ‡jv †m‡nZz G GjvKvi c~e©cyi“liv (hviv ZrKv‡j G A‡j evm Ki‡Zv) †eŠ×a‡g©i Abymvix wQ‡jv g‡g© wbwðZfv‡e Abygvb Kiv hvq|

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

19

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY 19 20

20

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY
weªwUk Avg‡j Pvu`cy‡ii Ae¯’vb
weªwUk Avg‡j Pvu`cy‡ii Ae¯’vb

21

gymwjg kvmb Ges †gvMj Avgj BLwZqvi DwÏb †gvnv¤§`-web-eLwZqvi wLjRx KZ…©K e½ weR‡qi ci mgMÖ evsjv gymwjg kvm‡bi AwaKv‡i Avmvi mv‡_ mv‡_ G AÂjI ¯^vfvweKfv‡e gymwjg kvm‡bi Aš—fy©³ nq| we‡kl K‡i myjZvb dLi“Ïxb †gveveiK kvn G A‡j kvmb K‡i‡Qb Ggb cÖgvY BwZnv‡m i‡q‡Q| 1560 wLª÷v‡ãi Rxb& wW e¨v‡iv‡mi gvbwP‡Î b`x ZxieZx© ÔUª‡cvÕi Ae¯’vb †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q| D³ ÔUª‡cvÕ ZrKvjxb wÎcyiv †Rjv ev Kzwgj-v AÂj| myZivs eZ©gvb Puv`cy‡ii †fŠMwjK Ae¯’vb wbKU BwZnv‡mi w`‡K `„wó w`‡j ZrKvjxb wÎcyiv †Rjvi Aš—fy©³ wn‡m‡e cvIqv hvq| 1652 mv‡j cZy©MxR bvweK m¨vbmb `¨v Av‡ewfj Aw¼Z gvbwP‡Î ev‡›`i bvg wPwýZ ¯’v‡b GKwU eo b`x e›`i wQ‡jv Ges †mwU Puv`cyi e›`i wQ‡jv| †R. Gd. eªvBbx wm. Gm-Gi g‡Z †gvMj mgªvU AvKe‡ii ivR¯^ gš¿x ivRv †UvWigj 1588 wLª÷v‡ã †gvMj cÖkvm‡bi R‡b¨ 19wU wefv‡Mi cÖeZ©b K‡ib| G 19wU wefv‡Mi g‡a¨ GKwU wefvM n‡jv †mvbviMuvI miKvi Ges Gi g‡a¨ wÎcyiv (gZj‡ei f~LÛmn) I †bvqvLvjx Aš—fy©³ wQj| †kikv‡ni Avg‡j G AÂj‡K wewfbœ ciMYvq fvM Kiv nq| gZj‡ei GKvsk (gZje evRvi, †evqvwjqv, w`Nj`x I ei`xqv) gneŸZcyi ciMYvi Aš—fy©³ wQ‡jv Ges wKQz Ask (Kvwkgcyi, bvivqYcyi, gvQzqvLvj) BKZv`cyi ciMYvi Aš—fy©³ wQ‡jv|

weªwUk Avgj I ZrcieZ©x

1779 wLª÷v‡ã weªwUk kvmbvg‡j Bs‡iR RwicKvix †gRi †Rgm& †i‡bj ZrKvjxb evsjvi †h gvbwPÎ Gu‡KwQ‡jb Zv‡Z †KejgvÎ wÎcyiv †RjvB †`Lv‡bv nqwb- gZje Dc‡Rjvmn Puv`cyi I Kzwgj-vi mwVK Ae¯’vbI wPwýZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| 1858 mv‡j beMwVZ wÎcyiv †Rjvi 11wU _vbvi Aaxb 15wU AvDU‡cv÷ wQ‡jv| gZje wQ‡jv nvRxM‡Äi GKwU AvDU‡cv÷| 1887 mv‡j gZje AvDU‡cv÷wU nvRxMÄ †_‡K †K‡U †bqv nq| 1895 wLª÷v‡ã gZje c~Y©v½ _vbv wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…wZ cvq Ges KvR ïiæ K‡i| 1895 mv‡j ¯^Zš¿ _vbv cÖwZôvKv‡j abv‡Mv`v b`xi

22

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

Zx‡i GB ¯’vbwU‡K †e‡Q †bIqv nq| 1900 mv‡j miKvi Puv`cyi mv‡K©j‡K wef³ K‡i gZje mv‡K©j I dwi`MÄ mv‡K©j bv‡g `ywU ¯^Zš¿ mv‡K©j m„wó K‡i| _vbvi bvg gZje Kiv nq 1918 mv‡j hv miKvwi †M‡R‡U cÖKvwkZ nq 9-8-1918 wLª:

(†M‡RU bs-238)|

1960 wLª. ch©š— Kzwgj- v †Rjvi bvg wQj wÎcyiv †Rjv| ZLb G †Rjv 4wU gnKzgv wb‡q MwVZ wQj| Zv n‡jvÑ m`i DËi, m`i `w¶Y, eªvþYevwoqv I

Puv`cyi| ZLb 21wU _vbv I 362wU BDwbqb KvDwÝj wQj| Puv`cyi gnKzgvq 5wU

_vbv wQj| Zv n‡jvÑ Puv`cyi, dwi`MÄ, nvRxMÄ, KPzqv I gZje| 1984 mv‡j Puv`cyi †Rjv cÖwZwôZ nIqvi ci gZje _vbv‡K Dc‡Rjvq iƒcvšÍi Kiv nq| ZrKv‡j gZje Dc‡Rjvq 22wU BDwbqb we`¨gvb wQj| cÖkvmwbK myweav‡_© †M‡RU bs D‡R-2/2wc-23/2002/471 ZvwiL 17-09-2002-Gi gva¨‡g gZje Dc‡Rjv‡K 2wU fv‡M wef³ K‡i 08wU BDwbqb wb‡q gZje bv‡g GKwU Dc‡Rjv †i‡L 14wU BDwbqb wb‡q gZje DËi bv‡g bZzb Av‡iKwU Dc‡Rjv

MVb Kiv nq|

†evqvwjqv : 1793 mv‡j wPi¯’vqx e‡›`ve‡¯Íi ci gneŸZcy‡ii ivq gRyg`vi I †evqvwjqvi †` †PŠayix ZLb ZvjyK`vi wQ‡jb| gZje †cŠimfvi †evqvwjqv MÖvg me©w`K w`‡qB mg„×kvjx wQ‡jv| GwU cÖvPxb ewa©òz †jv‡Ki evm¯’vb| †evqvwjqvi MÖvRy‡qU evwo‡Z 50 Rb MÖvRy‡qU wQ‡jb| G evwoi †KDB miKvwi PvKzix K‡ibwb| mK‡jB wk¶KZv Ki‡Zb| Kzwgj-vi weL¨vZ Ck¦i cvVkvjvi cÖavb wk¶K wQ‡jb G evwoi| †evqvwjqvi `vbkxj I avwg©K Rwg`vi ivRKzgvi †PŠayix gZj‡ei RMbœv_ gw›`i I gmwR‡`i Rb¨ RvqMv `vb K‡ib| Rwg`vi cyÎ jwjZ †gvnb ivq †PŠayix †evqvwjqv D”P we`¨vjq, evwjKv we`¨vjq, evRvi I WvKNi ¯’vcb K‡ib|

bvivqYcyi : GLv‡b cÖvPxb Rwg`vi‡`i cÖvq ev‡ivwU KvPvixNi wQ‡jv| bvivqYcyi evRv‡ii cwðg cv‡k¦© †ek DuPzf~wg‡Z wm×cyiæl gxR©v †nv‡mb Avjxi gmwR` Aew¯’Z wQ‡jv hv 1207 wnRix‡Z ¯’vwcZ| cvuP M¤^y‡Ri my`„k¨ gmwR`wUi AvqZb ‰`N¨©cÖ‡¯’ mgvb 22' evB 22'| mvg‡bi cvKv cÖv½Y 24' evB 24'| †`Iqv‡ji NbZ¡ 3 dzU 9 BwÂ| DËi cv‡kB wZwb GKwU Kvjxgw›`i cÖwZôv K‡ib| GLv‡b Kvjx eUMvQ bv‡g GKUv cyi‡Yv eUMvQ wQ‡jv| bvivqYcyi MÖv‡g

23

†bŠKvi ‰Q Gi g‡Zv GKwU cyivZb weªR wQ‡jv hv gxR©v †nv‡mb Avjx KZ…©K

wbwg©Z|

Kvwkgcyi : bvivqYcyi BDwbq‡bi AšÍM©Z †evqvjRywo Lv‡ji A`~‡i cwð‡g GK D”Pf~wg‡Z Kvwkgcyi Aew¯’Z| Kw_Z Av‡Q Rwg`vi Kvwkg Lv‡bi bvgvbymv‡i Kvwkgcyi MÖvg| Z‡e Kvwkg Lvb wel‡q we¯ÍvwiZ Z_¨ cvIqv hvqwb| ivRv ivg iv‡qi Rwg`vix wQ‡jv G Kvwkgcy‡i| G Rwg`vi evwo‡Z 60 †KwR †K‡ivwmb jvM‡Zv cÖwZw`b Av‡jv R¦vjv‡bvi Rb¨| Kvwkgcy‡ii c~e©bvg wQ‡jv ˆmq`cyi hv BKZv`cyi ciMYvq wQ‡jv| Kvwkgcy‡i 3wU DuPz cÖvPxb gV i‡q‡Q| evi`yqvix gV Ab¨Zg| Rwg`vi evwo‡Z AvÜvigvwbK bvgK UP©vi‡mj GL‡bv we`¨gvb| G Kvwkgcyi MÖv‡gB ni`qvj bvM bv‡g GK †bZ…¯’vbxq e¨w³i Rb¥ nq whwb wn›`y gnvmfvi cÖwZôvZv I Ks‡MÖm ivRbxwZ‡Z mwµq wQ‡jb|

Avwk¦bcyi : Be‡b eZzZv 1340 wLª÷v‡ã †mvbviMuv, PÆMÖvg, wm‡jU ågYKv‡j cw_g‡a¨ ag©kni e›`‡i (eZ©gvb Avwk¦bcy‡i) wKQz¶Y Ae¯’vb K‡iwQ‡jb g‡g© wewfbœ m~‡Î eY©bv cvIqv hvq (gymwjg evsjvi BwZnvm, c„: 93)| bv‡qiMvuI `w¶Y BDwbq‡b Avwk¦bcyi MÖvg Aew¯’Z| Avwk¦bcyi ag©kni bv‡g cwiwPZ wQ‡jv| cv‡Uk¦i ivRv ev cÖv‡Yk¦i ivRvi ivRavbx wQ‡jv g‡g© Kw_Z Av‡Q| G MÖvg AvbygvwbK GK nvRvi eQi cÖvPxb e‡j `vwe Kiv nq| gbvB mI`vM‡ii wW½v MvQ, gBb¨v kvjv` MvQ †bŠKvi ˆeVv wn‡m‡e e¨eüZ n‡Zv| GLv‡b Bs‡iR Avg‡j cv‡Ui ¸`vg wQ‡jv| mßwW½v †evSvB gwYgvwYK¨ gMivRviv wb‡q hvevi mgq †bŠKvWzwe n‡Zv| †mB gwYgvwYK¨ ¯^Y©g~`ªv I wW½vMvQ GL‡bv cvIqv hvq| Avwk¦bcyi mg„× kn‡ii Avq e¨q i¶vi Rb¨ jv‡Ki eyiæRs cÖwm× wQ‡jv| Avwk¦bcyi ¯‹z‡ji cðv‡Z cÖvq 700 eQi cyi‡Yv w`wN i‡q‡Q|

KvwPqviv : G MÖv‡gi KvÂbgvjv gZvšÍ‡i KvÂbivRvi w`wN bv‡g GKwU cÖKvÛ w`wN i‡q‡Q| GL‡bv ivRevwoi A‡bK aŸsmve‡kl eZ©gvb Av‡Q| AvbygvwbK 400 eQi c~‡e© G KvÂbivRvi w`wN Lbb Kiv nq| Gi AvqZb 12.43 GKi| Gi cwðgcv‡k KvwPqviv ivRevwo †hLv‡b wZbwU cwiLv i‡q‡Q| cyKz‡ii cvwb †m‡P Kgv‡bv hvqbv | ivRv ev Rwg`vi‡`i wejvwmZvi A‡bK wPý Av‡Q| `vZe¨ ev

24

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

Rb‡mevi †Kvb wPý †bB| bvnvi evwo

we`¨gvb|

†hLv‡b cvwbi bni wQ‡jv, GL‡bv

gZj‡ei bvgKiY

gZj‡ei c~e© bvg wQ‡jv RMrMÄ| G RMrMÄ wQ‡jv kªx‡¶‡Îi GKwU Ask hv mgZU iv‡R¨i AšÍfy©³ wQ‡jv| gZje evRv‡ii c~e© cv‡k A‡bK eUMvQ wQ‡jv| gZj‡ei eiw`qv Avos-Gi wbK‡U †gvZv‡je Rgv`vi bv‡g GKRb bv‡qe wQ‡jb| hvi bvg †gvZv‡je Rgv`vi| Zvui bvgvbymv‡i gZje Gi bvgKiY Kiv nq| c~‡e© GwU‡K ‰eivMx evRviI ejv n‡Zv| wn›`y cÖavb GjvKv wn‡m‡e GLv‡b A‡bK evDj, ˆeivMx I Zvš¿xK‡`i AvLov wQj| Kw_Z Av‡Q †h, †lvjkZ wLª÷v‡ãi cÖ_gw`‡K 125Rb ˆeivMx GLv‡b ˆeivMxi nvU bv‡g GKwU evR‡ii †MvovcËb K‡ib| GKB mg‡q gZj‡ei `w¶‡Y w`Nj`x bvgK MÖv‡g dwi`cyi †Rjvi KweivR cy‡ii Rwg`vi †gRevn DÏxb Avn‡g` †PŠayix I wMqvmDÏxb Avn‡g` †PŠayixi Aax‡b †gvZv‡je Rgv`vi (bv‡qe) gneŸZcyi ciMYvi Rgv`v‡ii `vwq‡Z¡ wb‡qvwRZ nb| †gvZv‡je Rgv`v‡ii Kvh©vjq wQj w`Nj`xi Ô†eiÕ bvgK ¯’v‡b| †ei bvgK ¯’vbwU AvRI we`¨gvb Av‡Q| e¨w³MZ Rxe‡b †gvZv‡je Rgv`vi GKRb mydx cÖK…wZi †jvK wQ‡jb| wZwb AmsL¨ nvum cvjb Ki‡Zb| Gme nvum cÖvq mgq abv‡Mv`v b`xi cv‡i ˆeivMxi nv‡Ui Kv‡Q P‡o †eovZ| nvum¸‡jv b`xi Zx‡i †hLv‡b Po‡Zv †mLv‡b †gvZv‡j‡ei nvU bv‡g Av‡iKwU nvU wZwb emvb| †gvZv‡j‡ei nvU I ˆeivMxi nvU cvkvcvwk mg„w×i c‡_ GwM‡q PjwQj| Kvjµ‡g RbmvaviY †gvZv‡j‡ei nv‡Ui w`‡K AwaK AvMÖnx nb Ges ˆeivMxi nv‡Ui cwie‡Z© †gvZv‡j‡ei nvUB cÖwmw× jvf K‡i| cieZx©‡Z †gvZv‡je nvUB gZje nvU bv‡g cwiwPwZ cvq|

25

bjyqv Rvdwiqv GjvKvi †ei bvgK ¯’v‡b †gvZv‡je Rgv`v‡ii evwoi Pvicv‡k cixLv| 26
bjyqv Rvdwiqv GjvKvi †ei bvgK ¯’v‡b †gvZv‡je Rgv`v‡ii evwoi
Pvicv‡k cixLv|
26
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

cwðgvs‡k wbR bv‡g Av‡iKwU evRvi cZb K‡i| wKQyKvj `yÕwU evRviB Zxeª cÖwZ‡hvMxZvq Pjvi ci †gvZv‡je Rgv`vi nvU gZje bv‡g RbwcÖqZv AR©b K‡i| Avi ˆeivMxi nvU bvgwU wejyß nq| Gfv‡eB †gvZv‡je Rgv`v‡ii bvgvbymv‡i ÔgZjeÕ Gi bvgKiY Kiv nq|

gZje Dc‡Rjv Kvh©vj‡q iw¶Z KvMRc‡Î †`Lv hvq, †gvMj Avg‡ji eZ©gvb eveyicvov I ˆcjcvov MÖvg؇qi DËi cÖv‡šÍi †MvgZx abv‡Mv`v kvLv b`xi Zx‡i Aew¯’Z jvjvi nvU evRviwU b`xi fv½‡b wejxb n‡j Kjv`x MÖv‡gi DËi cÖv‡šÍ Dc‡iv³ b`xi Zx‡i GjvKvi †jvKRb ˆeivMxi nvU bv‡g GKwU evRvi wgjvq| hv †`‡L dwi`cy‡ii Rwg`vi-Gi cÖwZwbwa Ô†gvZv‡je Rgv`viÕ ˆeivMxi nv‡Ui `w¶Y

27

28

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY 29 gZje `wÿY gZje DËi cwimsL¨v‡b gZje :

29

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY 29 gZje `wÿY gZje DËi cwimsL¨v‡b gZje :
gZje `wÿY
gZje `wÿY
gZje DËi
gZje DËi

cwimsL¨v‡b gZje : (Av`gïgvix 2011 Abyhvqx)

†fŠMwjK-Dˇi-gZje DËi I `vD`Kvw›` Dc‡Rjv, c~‡e©-KPzqv I nvRxMÄ Dc‡Rjv, `w¶‡Y Puv`cyi m`i I nvRxMÄ Dc‡Rjv Ges cwð‡g Puv`cyi m`i I gZje DËi Dc‡Rjv| AvqZbÑ 32541 (GKi), 131.69 eM©wK‡jvwgUvi| BDwbqb msL¨vÑ 6wU, †gŠRv-77wU, MÖv‡gi msL¨v- 97wU, †cŠimfvi msL¨v 1wU| †gŠRv- 97wU, †jvKmsL¨v- †gvU 2,10,050 Rb; cyi“l- 97,728 Rb, gwnjv- 1,12,322 Rb| †gvU Lvbvi msL¨v- 45,569wU|

BDwbqb/†cŠimfv

†gvU RbmsL¨v

cyi“l

gwnjv

 

30

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

gZje †cŠimfv

৫৯,৮২৬

২৮,০৫১

৩১২৩৫

bv‡qiMuvI DËi

১৯৮৪৫

৯৪২০

১০৪২৫

bv‡qiMuvI `w¶Y

২৬,৩০১

১২,৬৬৬

১৩৬৩৫

bvivqYcyi

৩৭,৮৭৩

১৭,৬১৫

২০,২৫৮

Lv‡`iMuvI

২০,৩৪৪

,২৫৪

১১,০৯০

Dcv`x DËi

২৩,৯১৭

১০৬২৬

১৩২৯১

Dcv`v `w¶Y

২২৪৮৪

১০০৯৬

১২৩৮৮

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

HwZnvwmK I cÖZœZvwË¡K wb`k©b :

bvivqYcy‡ii †nv‡mb Avjxi gmwR`, †nv‡mb Avjxi Kvjx gw›`i, †nv‡mb Avjxi †bŠKvi g‡Zv weªR| bvivqYcy‡ii bxjKzwV, M‡Yk g~wZ© (991-992 wLªt), Kvwkgcy‡ii ivRv ivg iv‡qi evwo, KvwPqvivi KvÂbgvjvi w`wN, Szgy evwo gZje _vbvi mePvB‡Z DuPzf~wg gZvšÍ‡i jvKwkecy‡ii wKbœv (hv Rj`m¨yiv e¨envi K‡i‡Q), KvwPqvivi KvÂb ivRvi evwo (†bnvi evwo)| Avwk¦bcy‡ii cv‡Uvqvix evwoi w`wN, Avwk¦bcy‡ii cy‡iv‡Yv KvPvix Ni (ewYK‡`i Avq e¨q wnmve Ni), bIMvui gRyg`vi evwoi 400 eQ‡ii c~iv‡Yv gmwR`, Dcv`x MÖv‡gi 2 wU cyivY gV, †W½y VvKz‡ii g‡V wPZv †Lvjv, †KvUvie‡Üi cyi‡Yv eUMvQ †hLv‡b kxZjc~Rv nq, c~e© evKivq GKwU 200 eQ‡ii eUMvQ †hLv‡b c~Rv nq|

gmwR`/ gvRvi/cxi/mvaK/ gw›`i :

cvuPKwo nvRx Rv‡g gmwR` 150 eQ‡ii cyivZb hv †bKei cÖavwbqvi evwoi cv‡k¦©| †gvZv‡je Rgv`v‡ii †eo gmwR` 200 eQ‡ii cyiv‡bv| bvM`v gyÝxevwo gmwR`wU cÖvq 200 eQ‡ii cyi‡Yv, evuKiv gmwR`, KvbvBevwo gmwR` (150 eQ‡ii cyi‡Yv, GL‡bv eZ©gvb), Kie›` wgwR evwo gmwR` (150 eQ‡ii cyi‡Yv), c~e© evKiv cÖavwbqv evwoi gmwR`(150 eQ‡ii cyi‡Yv), PvcvwZqv cwðg cvov e‡›` Avjx cÖavwbqv evwo Rv‡g gmwR`wU 300 eQ‡ii cyi‡Yv e‡j `vex Kiv nq| eZ©gv‡b bZzb K‡i ˆZwi Kiv n‡q‡Q|

gvRvi/`iMv : evNxni (†evqvwjqv) GjvKvi AvjxgyÏxb dwK‡ii `iMv, w`Nj`xi †bIqvR cÖavwbqvi gvRvi, K`gZjxi wc‡kvix L›`Kvi, kvnRvgvj (iv:) | bvM`v gv‡jK gyÝxi evwoi nhiZ kvn wgevmv mvBi gvRvi, bvivqYcyi Av‡jKkvn dwK‡ii gvRvi, †Mvwe›`cy‡ii Avjx AveŸvm gyÝxi (BmjvwgK cwÛZ) gvRvi, †hvMxPvcy‡ii dRjyj nK cxi mv‡ne, bvivqYcy‡ii †gvwgb kvni LvbKv, cqvjxi ‰Rbcyix LvbKv, b›`x‡Lvjvi c‡ikkvn dwK‡ii gvRvi, wcZv¤^`©xi ˆRbcyix `ievi, b›`x‡Lvjvi †mvbvKv›`v LvbKv kixd, gvmyÛvi Avãyi iwn‡gi gvRvi, cvPNwiqvi KvjyLv‡bi gvRvi, †Nvovavixi dwKi ¸jRvikvni gvRvi I

33

kvncy‡ii ‰Rbcyix LvbKv, bIMvui †j`y dwKi, nvwg` Avjx, B&qvi Avjx (b¨vsUv evevi wkl¨) gvRvi, `w¶Y Dcv`x BDwbq‡bi giûg RgxiDwÏb gyÝx whwb †Nvovq P‡o &IqvR Ki‡Zb I Avwgb nv‡dR mv‡ne whwb Ava¨vwZ¥K ¶gZvm¤úbœ wQ‡jb|

gw›`i : gZje evRv‡ii RMbœv_ gw›`i, kªx Kvjxgw›`i, †evqvwjqvi nwimfv, †gnviY RMbœv_ gw›`i, jvgPwo eªþvb›` †hvMvkÖg (1938) hvi cÖwZôvZv †gvnb mvay I we`¨vmy›`i gÛj| Xvjx evwoi gw›`i (100 eQ‡ii cyiv‡Yv), evKiv gw›`i (200 eQ‡ii cyi‡Yv K…ò Wv³v‡ii evwo‡Z)|

b`x/Lvj/ wej/ w`Nx :

abv‡Mv`v b`x, gZje Lvj, bvw`gLuvi w`wN (ev‰oMvI), iweDj-vi w`wN (Dcv`x DËi BDwbqb), ˆn‡ZbLvi w`wN, g¸qvi w`wN (gwbMvuI), †mvbvBiwej, †evqvjRywo Lvj (PviUfvsMv †gnviæb GjvKv), b›`x‡Lvjvi Lvj, evZzwiqv Lvj (KPzqv gZj‡ei gvSLv‡b), gviæKv b`x (bv‡qiMvuI-mvPvi), `w¶Y Dcvw` BDwbq‡bi iÄb Lvj, ˆePvZjxi Lvj, †Nvovavix Lvj, Kie›` Lvj, Kie›` jy‡Uiv w`wN|

gyw³hy‡×i ¯’vb I NUbvmg~n :

1bs K¨v¤ú, wLw`icyi cÖv_wgK we`¨vj‡q GKwU K¨v¤ú wQ‡jv †hLv‡b gyw³‡hv×v‡`i cÖwk¶Y †`qv n‡Zv| G cøvUz‡bi †bZ…‡Z¡ wQ‡jb †bQvi DÏxb cv‡Uvqvix (c‡i miKv‡ii DcmwPe wQ‡jb)| 2bs K¨v¤ú- bIMvu c‡i enixi Rwjj KvRxi evwo K¨v‡¤úi †bZ…‡Z¡ wQ‡jb Rbve †K Gg mvq`yi ingvb iZb| bIMvu hyׇ¶Î, jvjvinvU hyׇ¶Î, gyÝxinvU hyׇ¶Î ¸i“Z¡c~Y© hyׇ¶Î wQ‡jv|

gZje Dc‡Rjvi gš¿x g‡nv`qM‡Yi bvg I Kvh©Kvj

34

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

µwgK bs

bvg

Kvh©Kvj

01.

Wt gnxDÏxb Lvb AvjgMxi

¯^ivóª gš¿Yvj‡qi gš¿x (eZ©gvb), cwiKíbv gš¿Yvj‡qi cÖwZgš¿x, wmwfj Gwf‡qkb gš¿Yvjq, weÁvb I cÖhyw³ gš¿Yvj‡qiI cÖwZgš¿x wQ‡jb (1996-2001)

gZje Dc‡Rjvi gvbbxq msm` m`m¨M‡Yi bvg I Kvh©Kvj

  • 1954- Rbve kv‡n` Avjx cv‡Uvqvix (hy³d«›U), c~e© e½ AvBb cwil` m`m¨ I †WcywU ¯úxKvi, cvwK¯Ívb

    • 1962- Rbve Ave`yj gwZb cv‡Uvqvix GgGbG (†ewmK †W‡gv‡µwUK †g¤^vi‡`i †fv‡U)

      • 1986- Rbve nviæb Di ikx` Lvb (RvZxq cvwU©), gZje-Puv`cyi wbe©vPbx GjvKv

        • 1988- Rbve nviæb Di ikx` Lvb (RvZxq cvwU©), gZje-Puv`cyi wbe©vPbx

GjvKv (we‡kl wbe©vPb)

  • 1991- Rbve Avjg Lvb (weGbwc), gZje-Pvu`cyi wbe©vPbx GjvKv

    • 1996- Rbve wRGg dRjyj nK (weGbwc), gZje-Pvu`cyi wbe©vPbx GjvKv

      • 2001- Rbve wRGg dRjyj nK (weGbwc), gZje-Pvu`cyi wbe©vPbx GjvKv

        • 2008- Gqvi fvBm gvk©vj (Ae:) Gg iwdKzj Bmjvg (AvIqvgx jxM), gZje DËi-`w¶Y wbe©vPbx GjvKv

mv‡K©j Awdmvi (Dbœqb) M‡Yi bvg I Kvh©Kvj

  • 1962- Rbve Wvt bIqve Avjx (†ewmK †W‡gv‡µwUK †g¤^vi‡`i †fv‡U)

01

Rbve myjZvb gvngy`

1962-65

02

Rbve Avãyj evix

1966-67

  • 1970- Rbve nv‡dR nvweeyi ingvb GgGbG (AvIqvgx jxM)

03

Rbve †PŠayix AvdZve DÏxb Avn‡g`

--

d¬vBU †j: Ae: Gwe wmwÏK Gg Gj G (AvIqvgx jxM)

     

Rbve †Mvjvg gy‡k©` dviæKx GgGjG (AvIqvgx jxM)

04

Rbve jvj †gvnv¤§`

--

  • 1973- Rbve GW‡fv‡KU Avey Rvdi gvCbyÏxb (AvIqvgx jxM), nvRxMÄ gZje

05

Rbve Avãyi ikx`

1970-1971

wbe©vPbx GjvKv

06

Rbve G‡K Gg Avãyi ie

--

  • 1979- d¬vBU †j: Ae: Gwe wmwÏK (AvIqvgx jxM- wgRvb), gZje-Puv`cyi wbe©vPbx GjvKv

07

Rbve Gg G gwZb

--

35

36

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

08

 

Rbve Avjx nvq`vi †PŠayix

   

--

   
  • 4. Rbve b~iæj

08-10-1988 †_‡K

--

   

Av‡bvqvi

04-04-1993 ch©šÍ

 

(m~Î- BDGbI Awdm, gZje)

   
  • 5. Rbve bI‡ki

04-04-1993 †_‡K

--

gZje Dc‡Rjvi Dc‡Rjv cwil‡`i †Pqvig¨vbM‡Yi bvg I Kvh©Kvj

 

Avng` †PŠayix

15-06-1994 ch©šÍ

 
  • 6. Rbve Gg.G. evkvi

15-06-1994 †_‡K

--AwZwi³ mwPe,

µwgK

   

bvg

 

Kvh©Kvj

27-04-1996 ch©šÍ

K…wl gš¿Yvjq|

 
  • 7. Rbve Ac~e© Kzgvi

27-04-1996 †_‡K

KvbvWv

bs

   

wek¦vm

17-02-1998 ch©šÍ

01

Rbve Avjx AvkÖvd cv‡Uvqvix

 

1985-87

 
  • 8. Rbve †gvt knx`

17-02-1998 †_‡K

AwZwi³ mwPe,

 

Dj-vn L›`Kvi

04-03-2001 ch©šÍ

†Pqvig¨vb RvZxq

02

Rbve Zdv¾j †nv‡mb (wU †nv‡mb)

 

1987-89

 

M„nvqb KZ…©c¶

   
  • 9. Rbve b~iæj Kwei

18-03-2001 †_‡K

hyM¥ mwPe,

 

GW‡fv‡KU dRjyj nK miKvi (nvbœvb)

 

1989-90

wmwÏKx

16-08-2001 ch©šÍ

mgvRKj¨vY

03

 

gš¿Yvjq

04

Rbve Gg G ï°zi cv‡Uvqvix

 

2009-

 
  • 10. Rbve †gvt ûgvqyb

16-08-2001 †_‡K

hyM¥mwPe

 

Kwei

06-04-2003 ch©šÍ

 

(m~Î- BDGbI Awdm, gZje)

   
  • 11. Rbve LvRv wgqv

06-04-2003 †_‡K

DcmwPe, ¯^ivóª

 

09-05-2006 ch©šÍ

gš¿Yvjq

 

gZje Dc‡Rjvi Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx AwdmviM‡Yi bvg I Kvh©Kvj

   
  • 12. Rbve †gvt Avey eKi

09-05-2006 †_‡K

DcmwPe, Avievb

 

wmwÏK

09-11-2006 ch©šÍ

cÖvBgvix †nj&_

cÖ‡R±

µwgK

 

bvg

Kvh©Kvj

eZ©gvb Kg©¯’j

   
  • 13. Rbve G. †K Gg

28-11-2006 †_‡K

AwZwi³ †Rjv

bs

 

†ebRvwgb wiqvRx

28-08-2008 ch©šÍ

cÖkvmK, cvebv

 
  • 1. AvjnvR¡ Rvwbeyj nK

07-11-1982 †_‡K

--

 
  • 14. Rbve †gvt AvjZvd

31-08-2008 †_‡K

AwZwi³ †Rjv

17-12-1983 ch©šÍ

†nv‡mb †PŠayix

30-04-2009 ch©šÍ

cÖkvmK, †dbx

 
  • 2. Rbve Avey bwK

21-12-1983 †_‡K

--

 
  • 15. Rbve nvmvb gvngy`

29-04-2009 †_‡K

AwZwi³ †Rjv

wiRIqvbyj nK

23-01-1985 ch©šÍ

14-10-2012 ch©šÍ

g¨vwR‡÷ªU,

 
  • 3. Rbve Rqbvj

26-02-1985 †_‡K

   

wm‡jU

--

 
 

Av‡e`xb

08-10-1988 ch©šÍ

 

37

38

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

16.

Rbve mwdKzj

14-10-2012 n‡Z

 

Bmjvg

eZ©gvb

(m~Î- BDGbI Awdm, gZje)

gZje Dc‡Rjvi Dc‡Rjv cwil‡`i fvBm †Pqvig¨vbM‡Yi bvg I Kvh©Kvj

µwgK bs

bvg

Kvh©Kvj

01

Rbve mwdKzj Bmjvg mvMi

2009-

02

Rbve j¶x ivYx `vm Zvuiv

2009-

(m~Î- BDGbI Awdm, gZje)

gZje Dc‡Rjvi wmGmGm/wewmGm Awdmvi‡`i bvg

bvg

MÖv‡gi bvg

c`ex

 

DÏg`x, gZje

mwPe, K…wl, wkí, eb I

Rbve Wt †kv‡qe Avn‡g`

†cŠimfv

cwi‡ek gš¿Yvjq, mwPe Af¨šÍixY m¤ú` wefvM I †Pqvig¨vb GbweAvi (eZ©gv‡b AvBBDwei †UªRvivi)

Rbve dRjyj nK

†Nvovavix, gZje

K‡›Uªvjvi †Rbv‡ij Ae

†cŠimfv

GKvD›Um AwZwi³ mwPe

(Ae:)

 

39

Rbve Aveyj evkvi

c`yqv, Kvwkgcyi,

AemicÖvß AwZwi³ mwPe,

bvivqYcyi

MYcÖRvZš¿x evsjv‡`k miKvi,

Rbve †gvt kwdKzj

Avwk¦bcyi,

AemicÖvß mwPe, MYcÖRvZš¿x

Bmjvg

bv‡qiMvuI `w¶Y

evsjv‡`k miKvi,

Rbve †gvt jyrdzi

Avaviv, bv‡qiMvuI

AemicÖvß hyM¥-mwPe,

ingvb

DËi

MYcÖRvZš¿x evsjv‡`k miKvi,

Rbve †gvt †gvqv‡¾g

c`yqv, Kvwkgcyi,

AwZwi³ mwPe, MYcÖRvZš¿x

†nvmvBb

bvivqYcyi

evsjv‡`k miKvi,

Rbve gynv¤§` gvndzRyi

†Nvbv, Zzlcyi,

hyM¥ mwPe, MYcÖRvZš¿x

ingvb

bv‡qiMvuI DËi

evsjv‡`k miKvi,

Rbve †g‡ni wbMvi

mvocvi,

hyM¥ mwPe, MYcÖRvZš¿x

bvivqYcyi

evsjv‡`k miKvi,

Rbve BqvKze Avjx

Kie›`, gnvgvqv

hyM¥mwPe, MYcÖRvZš¿x

cv‡Uvqvix

evRvi, Dcv`x

evsjv‡`k miKvi,

`w¶Y

Rbve mvjgv Rvdixb wjwc

Dcv`x

hyM¥mwPe, MYcÖRvZš¿x evsjv‡`k miKvi

Rbve RvwKi †nv‡mb

`w¶Y evBkcyi,

DcmwPe, MYcÖRvZš¿x

Kvgvj

gZje †cŠimfv

evsjv‡`k miKvi,

Rbve †gvt AvdRvjyi

Kjvw`, gZje

DcmwPe, MYcÖRvZš¿x

ingvb

†cŠimfv

evsjv‡`k miKvi,

 

40

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

W: Aveyj †nv‡mb

DËi evBkcyi,

cÖ‡R± wW‡i±i, K…wl m¤cÖmviY

 

1949 mv‡ji 23 Ryb Õc~e© cvwK¯Ívb AvIqvgx gymwjg jxMÕ bv‡g Rb¥ †bq `jwU|

gZje `w¶Y

Awa`ßi,

c~e© cvwK¯Ívb AvIqvgx gymwjg jx‡Mi cÖ_g mfvcwZ gvIjvbv Avãyj nvwg` Lvb fvmvbx I cÖ_g mvaviY m¤úv`K kvgmyj nK| 1955 mv‡j gymwjg kãwU ev`

Rbve †gvt kwdKzi

wcsov,

wmwbqi mnKvix mwPe,

w`‡q ag©wbi‡c¶ `j wn‡m‡e AvIqvgx jx‡Mi AvZ¥cÖKvk| 1955 mv‡j ZrKvjxb

ingvb

gvóvievRvi,

MYcÖRvZš¿x evsjv‡`k miKvi,

AvIqvgx jx‡Mi mfvcwZ wQ‡jb gvIjvbv Avãyj nvwg` Lvb fvmvbx I mvaviY

Dcv`x `w¶Y

m¤úv`K wQ‡jb e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingvb| 1966 mv‡j e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingvb mfvcwZ wbe©vwPZ nb| evsjv‡`‡ki Ab¨vb¨ Dc‡Rjvi g‡ZvB ïiæ †_‡KB

Rbve nvmvb gvngy` (cªqvZ)

‰cjcvov

BDGbI, j¶xcyi m`i,

gZj‡e AvIqvgx jx‡Mi Kvh©µg ïiæ nq|

GweGg dLiæ¾vgvb

Kvwkgcyi

BDGbI †KivbxMÄ, eZ©gv‡b

 
   

bvg I c`ex

wejvm

 

A‡óªwjqvq Aa¨qbiZ

mgq

†_‡K

Rbve wmwÏKzi ingvb- mfvcwZ

Rbve †gvnv¤§` gwbiæj

ˆcjcvov

wmwbqi mnKvix mwPe, ÎvY I

1970

Bmjvg

`y‡h©vM e¨e¯’vcbv Awa`ßi,

Rbve Avãyi ingvb mvwnZ¨iZœ- mvaviY m¤úv`K

MYcÖRvZš¿x evsjv‡`k miKvi,

1970- 1973

d¬v: †j: Ae: G we wmwÏK- mfvcwZ

Rbve gwbiæ¾vgvb

wW½vfv½v, Dcv`x

wmwbqi mnKvix mwPe,

Rbve Avãyi ingvb mvwnZ¨iZœ- mvaviY m¤úv`K

eKvDj

DËi

MYcÖRvZš¿x evsjv‡`k miKvi

1973-1978

d¬v: †j: Ae: G we wmwÏK- mfvcwZ

(BDGbI, †dbx)

Rbve Rqbvj Av‡e`xb cÖavb- mvaviY m¤úv`K

     

Rbve mvBdzj Bmjvg

‡Mvwe›`cyi,

wmwbqi mnKvix mwPe,

1978-1984

d¬v: †j: Ae: G we wmwÏK- mfvcwZ

bvivqYcyi

MYcÖRvZš¿x evsjv‡`k miKvi

(BDGbI, K·evRvi)

Rbve Rqbvj Av‡e`xb cÖavb- mvaviY m¤úv`K

 

Aa¨vcK †gvj-v †gvnv¤§` wiqvQZ Dj-vn- mfvcwZ

(m~Î- XvKv¯’ wewmGm Awdmvm©, Pvu`cyi Gi msMVb)

1984-1992

GW‡fv‡KU iæûj Avwgb- mvaviY m¤úv`K

 

evsjv‡`k AvIqvgx jxM

1992-2000

GW‡fv‡KU iæûj Avwgb-mfvcwZ

41

42

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY
 

Rbve Rqbvj Av‡e`xb cÖavb- mvaviY m¤úv`K

   

Rbve AvwZK Dj-¨vn- mvaviY m¤úv`K

2000-2003

Rbve Rqbvj Av‡e`xb cÖavb- AvnevqK

1982-85

Rbve AvwZK Dj-¨vn- mfvcwZ

2003-

Rbve †gvnv¤§` †nv‡mb cv‡Uvqvix- mfvcwZ Rbve weGBP Kwei Avn‡g`- mvaviY m¤úv`K

Rbve Kvgvj Avn‡g`- mvaviY m¤úv`K

(Rbve †gvnv¤§`

†nv‡mb cv‡Uvqvix Av‡gwiKvq

1985-91

Rbve AvwZK Dj-¨vn- mfvcwZ

Ae¯’vbKv‡j 3-3-2010 †_‡K 30-6-2011 ch©šÍ Rbve †gvt ûgvqyb Kwei cÖavwbqv fvicÖvß mfvcwZ wQ‡jb Ges †nv‡mb cv‡Uvqvixi g„Zy¨i ci 27-07- 2011 †_‡K Rbve G GBP Gg wMqvm DÏxb fvicÖvß

Rbve GW‡fv‡KU Kvgiæj Bmjvg- mvaviY m¤úv`K

mfvcwZi `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Qb|)

1991-1997

Rbve GW‡fv‡KU Kvgiæj Bmjvg- mfvcwZ

* 1984 †_‡K 1992 mvj ch©šÍ evsjv‡`k K…lK kÖwgK AvIqvgx jxM (evKkvj)

Rbve AvdRvj Rvnvb Kvgvj- mvaviY m¤úv`K

Gi mfvcwZ wQ‡jb Rqbvj Av‡e`xb cÖavb, mvaviY m¤úv`K wQ‡jb AvjgMxi †PŠayix I †`Iqvb †iRvDj Kwig|

1997-2003

Rbve wej-vj †nv‡mb g„av- AvnevqK

(m~Î-Rqbvj Av‡e`xb cÖavb, mfvcwZ, evsjv‡`k K…lK jxM, Pvu`cyi †Rjv kvLv)

Rbve GgG gwZb cÖavb- m`m¨mwPe

 

evsjv‡`k RvZxqZvev`x `j (weGbwc)

2003-2010

Rbve wej-vj †nv‡mb g„av- mfvcwZ

1978 mv‡j ZrKvjxb †cÖwm‡W›U wRqvDi ingvb cÖwZôv K‡ib evsjv‡`k RvZxqZvev`x `‡ji| evsjv‡`k RvZxqZvev`x `‡ji Kvh©µg gZje Dc‡Rjvq 1978 mv‡jB ïiæ nq| ZLb †_‡K gZje Dc‡Rjv kvLvi KwgwUi mfvcwZ I

Rbve wgRvbyi ingvb miKvi- mvaviY m¤úv`K

mvaviY m¤úv`‡Ki bvg I mgqKvj wb¤œiƒc|

2010-

Rbve wej-vj †nv‡mb g„av- mfvcwZ

mgq

 

bvg I c`ex

Rbve wgRvbyi ingvb miKvi- mvaviY m¤úv`K

 

Rbve †Mvjvg †nv‡mb- AvnevqK

1978-1982

(m~Î : AvBbybbvnvi Kv`ix, mfv‡bÎx, evsjv‡`k RvZxqZvev`x gwnjv `j, gZje

 

43

kvLv)

44

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

RvZxq cvwU©, gZje kvLv

1983-84 mv‡ji w`‡K gZje Dc‡Rjvq RvZxq cvwU©i Kvh©µg ïiæ nq|

cÖ_g KwgwU : GW‡fv‡KU dRjyj nK miKvi (nvbœvb) AvnevqK

Rbve Zdv¾j †nv‡mb (wU †nv‡mb)- m`m¨ mwPe

Dc‡iv³ `yBRb c‡i c~Y©v½ KwgwU‡Z mfvcwZ/mvaviY m¤úv`K wbe©vwPZ

nb|

cieZ©x KwgwU : GW‡fv‡KU dRjyj nK miKvi (nvbœvb)- mfvcwZ

GW‡fv‡KU Rvnv½xi Avjg- mvaviY m¤úv`K

cieZ©x KwgwU : Rbve †gvt wgRvbyi ingvb Lvb Ñ AvnevqK

GmGg †mwjg-

m`m¨mwPe

D³ `yRb c‡i c~Y©v½ KwgwU‡Z mfvcwZ/mvaviY m¤úv`K wbe©vwPZ nb|

eZ©gvb KwgwU : kªx ksKi ivI bvM- mfvcwZ

Rbve GmGg †mwjg- mvaviY m¤úv`K

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

wØZxq Aa¨vq : mgvR I ms¯‹…wZ (weeZ©b, †jvKwkí, †jvKmvwnZ¨, ag© I

Ab¨vb¨)

gZje Dc‡Rjvi Av_©-mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK weeZ©b

RbM‡Yi Rxeb aviY, Drcv`b c×wZ, mgvR KvVv‡gvi Mob, mgv‡Ri cÖPwjZ wPšÍv I a¨vb-aviYvi iƒc I wewfbœ mvgvwRK †kÖYxi g‡a¨ cvi¯úwiK m¤ú‡K©i Kvwnbxi mvwe©K iƒc KvVv‡gvB RbRxeb| gZje Dc‡Rjvi RbRxeb evsjv‡`‡ki mvgwMÖK Av_©-mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK cwigÛj mÄvZ RbRxe‡biB GKwU Awew”Qbœ Ask|

HwZnvwmK Kv‡ji NUbv cÖev‡n gZje Dc‡Rjvi RbRxeb Mfxifv‡e m¤ú„³, D‡ØwjZ I Av‡jvwoZ n‡q‡Q| gZje Dc‡Rjvq f~wgiƒc †MvUv mgZj evsjvi f~wgiƒ‡ciB cÖwZK…wZ| b`-b`xi fv½vMovi †Ljvq mgZj evsjv‡`‡ki f~wgiƒ‡ci †h cwieZ©b N‡U‡Q Dc‡Rjvi †¶‡ÎI Zv e¨wZµg bq| GZ`‡j b`x wmKw¯Í I b`x cqw¯’i cÖfvegy³ wKQz cyivf~wgi Aw¯ÍZ¡ we`¨gvb| †gNbvi AeevwnKvq G ai‡bi cyivf~wgi Aw¯ÍZ¡ Zvrch©c~Y©| GLvbKvi cyivKxwZ©i wb`k©bmg~n mycÖvPxb|

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53

kixqZzj-vni wkl¨ wQ‡jb| g~jZ G Av‡›`vjb wQj GZ`‡ji gymjgvb‡`i mvgvwRK I A_©‰bwZK Av‡›`vjb|

Ebwesk kZvãxi wØZxqv‡a© evsjvi me©AÂj gyw³ msMÖv‡g mgvb kixK nq| †mB wnmv‡e gZje Dc‡Rjv GB Av‡›`vj‡bi aviv †_‡K `~‡i wQj bv| GLv‡bI wewfbœ ¯Í‡ii †ek wKQz †jvK RvZxqZv I ¯^vaxbZvi j‡¶¨ ivRbxwZ‡Z AskMÖnY K‡i| G gyw³ msMÖv‡g mvsMVwbKfv‡e cÖ_‡g Ks‡MÖm c‡i gymwjg jxM †Rvov‡jvfv‡e AskMÖnY K‡i| Rbmvavi‡Yi wfZi RvwZMZfv‡e G `yB msMV‡bi cÖfve wQj| wKš‘ Zv‡`i wbqgZvwš¿K Av‡›`vj‡b k¤^yK MwZi Kvi‡Y KwZcq msMVb gyw³cvMj ivRbxwZ m‡PZb †jvK‡`i‡K Kv‡R Ae¨vnZfv‡e wbhy³ †i‡L gyw³ msMÖvg‡K Z¡ivwš^Z Kivi Rb¨ GwM‡q Av‡m| Zviv wbqgZvwš¿K Av‡›`vj‡bi PvB‡Z Zvr¶wYK cÖ‡qvR‡b AwbqgZvwš¿K ivR‰bwZK ZrciZvq wek¦vm K‡ib| GB †Mvôxi D‡`¨v‡M cÖMwZkxj msMVb ev mk¯¿ msMVb M‡o D‡V| GB cÖMwZkxj msMV‡bi ZrciZvI AÎ Dc‡Rjvq †ek Zrci wQj| ax‡i›`ª P›`ª fÆvPvh© (†evqvwjqv) I cÖfvZ PµeZx© (eiw`qv) wewkó wecøex wQ‡jb| Df‡q Av›`vgv‡b ØxcvšÍwiZ n‡qwQ‡jb| Aci wecøex AbšÍ ev mvayI weL¨vZ wQ‡jb| wZwb †evqvwjqvq AvkÖ‡gi gva¨‡g wecøex Kg©KvÛ cwiPvjbv Ki‡Zb| nv‡Zg Avjx gvóvi (XvwKiMuvI) G `‡ji Aš—fy©³ wQ‡jb| Gfv‡e RvwZMZ ¯^v‡_© Av_©- mvgvwRK cwieZ©‡bi j‡¶¨ RvZxqZvev`x aviYvi D‡¤§l nq| Ges weªwUk kvmb wbhv©Zb †_‡K ¯^vaxbZvi j¶¨ AR©‡b G‡`‡ki RbMY GwM‡q hvq|

(m~Î: gybxi †nv‡mb cv‡Uvqvix, cÖavb wk¶K (AemicÖvß), Ges ms‡kvab I cwikxj‡b †gvt gvKmy`yj nK evejy)

gZje Dc‡Rjvi †jvKwkí

†jvKwkí ej‡Z †`‡ki Drcbœ wRwbm w`‡q †`‡ki mvaviY gvby‡li nv‡Z ˆZix bvbvwea cÖ‡qvRbxq Ges wkím¤§Z I gbbkxj `ªe¨vw`‡K eySvq| evsjv‡`‡ki †jvKwkí wewfbœiƒ‡c wfbœ wfbœ A‡j cÖvavb¨ †c‡q‡Q| gZje Dc‡Rjv

54

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

evsjv‡`‡ki GKwU Ask wn‡m‡e Gi †jvKwkíI Lye GKUv wfbœZi b‡n| GLvbKvi mvaviY gvby‡li nv‡Z ˆZix bvbv `iKvix Ges wkím¤§Z mvgMªxB n‡jv GLvbKvi †jvKwkí| G Dc‡Rjvi †jvKwk‡íi m‡½ GLvbKvi gvby‡li GK wbweo m¤úK© we`¨gvb i‡q‡Q|

gZje Dc‡Rjvi mvaviY gvby‡li m‡½ †h wRwbmwU Nwbôfv‡e Rwo‡q Av‡Q Zv n‡jv GLvbKvi KzwUiwkí| GLvbKvi M„n M„n¯’vjxi wbZ¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq cÖvq me `ªe¨B MÖv‡gi KzwU‡i nq| KzwUi wk‡íi gva¨‡g ˆZix n‡jI wkí¸Y wePv‡i Gme mvgMxÖ †jvKwk‡íi g‡a¨ MY¨| GLvbKvi KzwUi wk‡íi g‡a¨ ZuvZwkí GK AMÖYx f~wgKv cvjb K‡i Avm‡Q| Gme ZuvZwk‡í G Dc‡Rjvi mvaviY gvby‡li cÖvZ¨wnK cwi‡aq jyw½, MvgQv Qvcv‡bv wKsev wewfbœ cvo wewkó kvox, gkvixi Kvco, †Zvqv‡j I mv`v Kvc‡oi _vb ˆZix nq| mv`v Kvc‡o Qvcvi KvRI n‡q _v‡K| G Dc‡Rjvi ZvZzqv, ZuvZLvbv, jvgQwo I wewfbœ MÖv‡g D‡j-L‡hvM¨ ZuvZwkí wQ‡jv| ZvQvov myZvq is Kiv I mv`v Kvc‡o Qvcv‡bv KviLvbvI gZje evRvi Ges ZuvZzqv MÖv‡g wQj|

†cvov gvwUi Kv‡Ri HwZn¨ G Dc‡Rjvq eûw`‡bi| G Dc‡Rjvi wewfbœ ¯’v‡b gvwU Luyo‡j fMœve‡kl g„rwk‡íi wb`k©b †`L‡Z cvIqv hvq| †hgb Avwk¦bcyi, jvKwkecyi, cvUb I Ab¨vb¨ MÖv‡g wKQz gvwU Luyo‡jB fMœve‡kl g„rwk‡íi ¯Íi cvIqv hvq| g„rwk‡íi g‡a¨ D‡j-L‡hvM¨ n‡”Q gvwUi Kjm, nuvwo-cvwZj, mvbwK, dzj`vwb, `B‡qi I wL‡ii cvÎ, gUKv, †Ucv, cyZzj Ges wn›`y m¤úª`v‡qi `~M©v, j²x, ¯^i¯^Zx I wewfbœ †`e-†`exi g~wZ©| GLvbKvi Kz‡gviiv wm×n‡¯Í Gme ˆZix K‡i `yÕ cqmv †ivRMvi Ki‡Zv| mviv eQiB Gme Kv‡R e¨¯Í _vK‡Zv| Kz‡gvi‡`i nv‡Z ˆZix, QvB`vwb, KjwK, dzj`vwb †mŠwLb mvgMÖx Ges bvbv ai‡bi gvwUi ˆZix †Ljbv cyZzj wewfbœ †gjvq I cve©b Drm‡e †kvfv cvq| G Dc‡Rjvi cvUb, bv‡qiMuvI, Kjvw`, `kcvov cÖf…wZ MÖv‡g Gme †cvov gvwUi KzwUi M‡o D‡V‡Q|

G Dc‡Rjvi DÏg`x, Kjv`x cÖf…wZ MÖv‡g bvix cyiæl‡`i nv‡Z ˆZix n‡”Q-

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gyj-v

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cvUx| kxZj cvUx ïay MÖx®§Kv‡j e¨env‡ii

Avivg`vqKB bq, kxZj cvUx I gyj-vi bKkv GKwU †gŠwjK ‰ewk‡ó¨i cwiPvqK|

55

G Dc‡Rjvi b›`x‡Lvjvq euvk, †eZ I cv‡Ui Øviv wewfbœ wRwbm ˆZix n‡”Q| G wk‡í wb‡qvwRZ Kg©Rxwe‡`i cÖwk¶Y †`qv nq| Avgv‡`i MÖv‡gi N‡i N‡i †h mvZbix wkKv, nvZ-cvLv, wewfbœ iK‡gi dzjwcVv, cvZv wcVv BZ¨vw` ˆZix n‡q _v‡K, Zv‡K †h wewPÎ bKkv, is Ges KvwiMix †mŠ›`‡h©i †h wb`k©b cÖZ¨¶ nq Zv ïay Avgv‡`i Avcb e¯‘B bq eis †mŠ›`‡h©i w`K w`‡qI G‡`i ¯’vb eû D‡”P| GLvbKvi wkKv ïay M„n¯’vjx‡`i cÖ‡qvRbB †g‡Ubv, †mŠ›`h© wcÖq gvbyl bvbv bKkv Ry‡o w`‡q Zv‡K GKwU we‡kl wkíe¯‘‡Z cwiYZ K‡i _v‡K|

G Dc‡Rjvq †kvjv I KvM‡Ri bvbv i‡½i cyZzj, dzj, †Uvci I †Vvm cÖf…wZ ˆZix K‡i DrK…ó m„RbkxjZvi cwiPq w`‡q _v‡K| †mme wRwbm M„n m¾vq, wn›`y‡`i wewfbœ Abyôv‡b I we‡q Abyôv‡b Ges wewfbœ cve©‡Y e¨envi K‡i _v‡K| jvgQwo, †evqvwjqv cÖf…wZ MÖv‡g Gm‡ei wkí †`Lv hvq| G Dc‡Rjvi †Kvb †Kvb MÖv‡g †g‡qiv Kvco I Zzjv w`‡q cÖZxKag©x cyZzj ˆZix K‡i _v‡K| G¸‡jv Avgv‡`i Rxe‡bi cÖwZwbwaZ¡ K‡i _v‡K| GLvbKvi MÖv‡g MÖv‡g bKkx Kuv_v ˆZixi †iIqvR AvRI we`¨gvb Av‡Q| Nb‡Nvi ewilvq hLb Pvwiw`‡K cvwb ˆ_ ˆ_ K‡i, †g‡q‡jvK‡`i evwn‡i †Kvb KvR Kg© _v‡Kbv ZLb Zviv `vIqvq †nvMjv, gv`yi ev cvwU wewQ‡q Avcb g‡b Kuv_vq wewPÎ bKkv †Zv‡j †mjvB K‡i| G bKkx Kuv_vi cÖwZwU †duv‡oi g‡a¨ jywK‡q _v‡K GLvbKvi GK GKUv cwiev‡ii Rxeb Muv_v|

G Dc‡Rjvq †jŠnwk‡íi HwZn¨ A‡bKw`‡bi| †evqvwjqv, gZje evRvi, mvicvo G Dc‡Rjvi †jŠn wk‡í A‡bK cy‡iv‡bv, Ab¨vb¨ MÖv‡gI †jŠn wkí M‡o D‡V‡Q| Gme wk‡íi †jŠn Kg©Kviiv mviv eQi a‡i †jŠn avZz w`‡q `v, Kv‡¯Í, †Kv`vj, LšÍv, jv½‡ji Bm&, †jŠn kjvKv, MRvj, cvZv †jvnv, ek©v I gvQ we×Kivi †jŠn kjvKv cÖf…wZ cÖ‡qvRbxq `ªe¨vw` ˆZix K‡i _v‡K|

G GjvKvq euvk I †eZ cÖPzi bv cvIqv †M‡jI hv Av‡Q Zv w`‡qB MÖvgxY cwi‡e‡k GK ai‡bi KzwUi wkí M‡o Zz‡j‡Q| MÖv‡gi Kg©Rxweiv euvk I †eZ Øviv bvbv cÖKvi wkím¤§Z Kg© K‡i _v‡K| G ai‡bi Kg©Rxwe ej‡Z hv‡`i‡K MÖvgxY fvlvq ˆQqvj e‡j _v‡K, Zviv euvk I †eZ †_‡K wewfbœ iK‡gi Drcbœ `ªe¨vw` †ei K‡i †gvov, †Pqvi bvbv AvmevecÎ QvovI M„‡ni †eov, †bŠKvi QB, gvQ aivi wewfbœ duv` †hgb †eo, PvB, IPv, Wzjv, Pvjyb Ges Miæi gyL euvaevi KvcvBi, Kjv, Wvjv,

56

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

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hvq|

gZje Dc‡Rjvi AwaKvsk wb¤œ Rjvf~wg b`x-Lvj-bvj Øviv †ewóZ| GLv‡b GK †kÖYxi †R‡j Av‡Q hviv mviv eQi gvQ a‡i RxweKv wbe©vn K‡i| G‡`i‡K †K›`ª K‡i M‡o D‡V‡Q wewfbœ gvQ aivi Rvj wkí| Zviv wewfbœ Kg© ˆbcyY¨Zvi mv‡_ bvbviKg Rvj ˆZix K‡i _v‡K| Rvj wewµ K‡i †ek `yÕcqmv DcvR©b Ki‡Q| GRb¨ †gnvib, gvQzqvLvj, bv‡qiMuvI cÖf…wZ MÖvg D‡j-L‡hvM¨|

AZx‡Zi gZ Kv‡Vi Kv‡Ri Lye †ekx wkí¸b †`Lv bv †M‡jI wKQz wKQz bgybv LvU, cvjs, `iRv I M„n wbg©v‡Y cÖZ¨¶ Kiv hvq| G GjvKvi KvV wg¯¿xiv KvV Øviv wbwg©Z †mŠwLb Avmevec‡Îi Dci wewfbœ I wewPÎ ai‡bi bKkv I bgybv ˆZix K‡i _v‡Kb| ïay ZvB bq Zviv wewfbœ †bŠKv, M„n, †QvU-eo jÂ, jv½j I wewfbœ wbZ¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq wRwbm ˆZix K‡i _v‡K| G¸‡jv bvbv KviæKv‡h©i ˆewkó¨Zvi cwiPvqK| D‡j-L‡hvM¨ DÏg`x, ZvZzqv, enix cÖf…wZ MÖvg| G GjvKvi gmwR`, gw›`i I wKQz wKQz AÆvwjKvi Mv‡q KviæKvh© †`Lv hvq Zv GjvKvi eviMuv mn wewfbœ MÖv‡gi ivRwgw¯¿‡`i nv‡Zi ˆZwi | Gme †jvKwk‡íi GK AZzjbxq wb`k©b| (m~Î: gybxi †nv‡mb cv‡Uvqvix, cÖavb wk¶K (AemicÖvß), Ges ms‡kvab I cwikxj‡b †gvt gvKmy`yj nK evejy)

gZje `w¶Y Dc‡Rjvi mvs¯‹…wZK BwZnvm I msMVb

eZ©gvb gZje evRv‡ii c~e© bvg wQj ˆeivMxi evRvi| cÖvq 150 eQi c~‡e© A_v©r evsjv 1200 kZ‡Ki †kl fv‡M ˆeivMx e„›`veb evevRx bv‡g GK ag©cÖvY e¨w³ eZ©gvb gZje `w¶Y c~e© evRv‡i Aew¯’Z eo AvLovwU ¯’vcb K‡ib| AvLovwU wN‡i evRvi em‡Z ïiæ nq| †jvKgy‡L evRviwUi bvg nq ˆeivMxi evRvi| eo AvLovi †mevBZ wQ‡jb m`vb›` ˆeivMx| m`vb›` ˆeivMx I e„›`veb evevRx

57

Df‡qB AvLovi †mevKv‡h©i cÖ‡qvR‡b wbqwgZ mvabm½xZ I bvgKxZ©b Ki‡Zb| m`vb›` ˆeivMx wQ‡jb fRb I fw³MxwZi AbyivMx MvqK|

Zvui c„ô‡cvlKZvq bvgKxZ©‡bi GKwU `j M‡o D‡V| 1352 evsjv m‡b †MŠiwbZvB m¤úª`vq bv‡g `jwU AvZ¥cÖKvk K‡i| GwUB gZj‡ei BwZnv‡m cÖ_g msNe× mvs¯‹…wZK `j| hv AvR ch©šÍ m‡MŠi‡e wU‡K Av‡Q| AZGe eo AvLovwUB mgMÖ gZje Dc‡Rjvi (DËi I `w¶Y) mvgvwRK I mvs¯‹…wZK

BwZnv‡mi g~‡j| (m~Î- MvZK n‡i K…ò `vm-92, g‡bviÄb kxj- 87) †MŠiwbZvB m¤úª`v‡qi cwiPvjK wQ‡jb m‡šÍvl †fŠwgK (nvi‡gvwbqvg), †Lvjx- gvac cvj, wbZ¨‡Mvcvj †fŠwgK, ivav †Mvwe›` kxj, †envjvq- Avb›` eviæjx, Gkiv‡R- kPxb›`b mvnv, †`vZvivq- g‡bviÄb mvnv, kxl evukx- c‡ik miKvi, MvqK- myavwe›`y mvnv, AiæY wek¦vm,. nxivjvj mvnv, n‡i K…ò `vm-92 I g‡bviÄb kxj-

87|

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†mŠwLb hvÎv `j (1360 e½vã)

m¤úª`vq wfwËK bvgKxZ©‡b Ave× bv †_‡K- gZjeevmx‡K AvZ¥we‡bv`b I mgvR m‡PZb Kivi D‡Ï‡k¨ †MŠiwbZvB m¤úª`vq Ges Ab¨vb¨ wkíx I c„ô‡cvlK‡`i wb‡q 1360 evsjv m‡b GKwU hvÎv `j M‡o I‡V| Gi †Kvb bvg wQj bv| cÖwZôvZv- kÖ‡×q h`yb›`b `vm, cwiPvjK wPby †Nvl (kÖx wbevm †Nvl)| wkíx‡`i gvwmK Pvu`vq `jwU cwiPvwjZ nZ| gwnjv wkíx cvIqv †hZ bv weavq cyiliv bvix †m‡R Awfbq Ki‡Zb| Awf‡bZv‡`i-hyeivR-myaxi †Nvl, we‡eK- myavwe›`y mvnv, ivRv-ev`kv- nxivjvj mvnv, †iRy WvKvZ- h`yb›`b `vm, b„‡Z¨ n‡i K…ò miKvi,

58

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

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m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

c`vejx KxZ©‡bi `j (1365 e½vã)

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bxjv KxZ©‡bi `j (1370 e½vã)

1370 m‡b †MŠi wbZvB m¤úª`v‡qi Av‡iK myKÚx MvqK myavwe›`y mvnv Mo‡jb- bxjv KxZ©‡bi `j| wZwb †g‡q‡`i cÖ_g m½xZ ej‡q Avb‡Z m¶g n‡jb| †g‡q‡`i wb‡q `jwU Mo‡jb| hš¿x Qvov mKj Pwi‡ÎB Awfbq Ki‡Zv †g‡qiv| Zv‡`i cwi‡ewkZ bxjvi g‡a¨- Òˆb‡`i `yjvjÓ cvjvwU GL‡bv gvbyl fy‡jwb|

gZj‡ei m½xZ RM‡Zi G avivwU cieZx© mgq eRvq _v‡Kwb| gv‡S †h k~Y¨Zvi m„wó n‡q‡Q Zvi GKwU eo KviY gyw³hy×| G mgq mewKQzB IjU cvjU n‡q †M‡Q| Aek¨ gZj‡ei mgMÖ wk¶v½‡b gy³ eyw×i PP©vi Abxnv‡K Kg `vqx Kiv hvq bv| 1968 mvj †_‡K gZje m~h©gyLx KwP-KvuPvi †gjv- wbôvi mv‡_ mvs¯‹…wZK `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i Avm‡Q| gZjeevmxi wkï‡`i g‡b mvs¯‹…wZK weKv‡k cwiPvjK gvKmy`yj nK evejy Gi Ae`vb gZjeevmx ¯§iY ivL‡e| KwP-KvuPvi Abyôv‡b m½xZ cwi‡ekb Ges cÖwk¶‡Yi Rb¨ me©¶Y mn‡hvwMZv w`‡q‡Qb Aa¨vcK bvivqb PµeZx©, myej PµeZx© I cieZx© mg‡q †`Iqvb †iRvDj Kwig, ûgvqyb Kwei †ieb Gme wkíx‡`i| †`Iqvb †iRvDj Kwig ¯^vaxbZvi ci cÖ_g m½xZ wk¶KZvi KvR ïiæ K‡i gZj‡ei m½xZRMr‡K c„ô‡cvlKZv K‡i hv‡”Qb A`¨vewa| cieZx© mg‡q ûgvqyb Kwei †ieb I ivLvj gRyg`vi eZ©gvb ch©šÍ m½xZ wk¶KZv Ki‡Qb| GQvovI gZj‡ei mvs¯‹…wZK A½b hv‡`i Kvi‡Y D¾xexZ wQ‡jv Zviv n‡jb- A K g nviæb †PŠayix, cviæj †eMg, †mv‡njv cvifxb, Qwe †eMg, BmgZ Aviv iæby, wkDjx, Gn‡Zkvg nvq`vi †PŠayix, Rwmg DÏxb, AvBwmwWwWAviwei Wvt wgÎ, bmyiæj-vn †`Iqvb, Kvgiæbbvnvi, GW‡fv‡KU Kvgiæj, Kvgvj Avn‡g`, wmwÏKzi ingvb, Aa¨vcK bvivqb PµeZ©x I †Mvjvg AvkÖvd eveyj| Ag„Zv½b mvs¯‹…wZK GKv‡Wwg bv‡g GKwU msMVb Õ71 cieZ©x

61

mg‡q G Dc‡Rjvq m½xZ cÖwk¶Y cÖ`vb mn Ab¨vb¨ mvs¯‹…wZK Kg©KvÛ cwiPvjbv Ki‡Zv| hvi mfvcwZ wQ‡jb Kvgiæj Bmjvg I †m‡µUvwi wQ‡jb †`Iqvb †iRvDj Kwig|

Dc‡Rjv wkíKjv GKv‡Wwg KwgwU : (2012 †_‡K eZ©gvb)

1| Rbve mwdKzj Bmjvg, Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `w¶Y---mfvcwZ (c`vwaKvi e‡j)

2| Rbve gvKmy`yj nK evejy -----mvwnwZ¨K

3| Rbve †`Iqvb †gv: †iRvDj Kwig----wk¶vbyivMx

4| Rbve Av. mvgv`, Aa¨¶, gZje wWMªx K‡jR --- m`m¨

5| Rbve dviæK-web-Rvgvb --- wk¶vbyivMx

6| Rbve `yjvj †cvÏvi -----wk¶vbyivMx

7| Rbve †gv: †evinvb DwÏb Lvb, cÖavb wk¶K, gZjeMÄ †R we cvBjU D”P we`¨vjq--- m`m¨

8| Rbve k¨vgj P›`ª `vm, --- mvsevw`K

9| Rbve †gv : bvwRg DwÏb, Dc‡Rjv gva¨wgK wk¶v Awdmvi----m`m¨ mwPe

†kvfv m½xZvqb (2001)

25 ˆekvL 1408 (8 †g, 2001) iex›`ª RqšÍx cvj‡bi ga¨ w`‡q m~ÎcvZ n‡jv- †kvfv m½xZvqb bv‡g m½xZ cÖwk¶Y †K›`ªwU| cÖwk¶K Rbve `yjvj †cvÏvi|

62

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

m½xZ †K›`ªwUi D‡Ïk¨ ev½vjxi nvRvi eQ‡ii mg„× ms¯‹…wZ aviv I †MŠiegq HwZ‡n¨i jvjb|

2001 †_‡K AvR ch©šÍ gZje `w¶Y Dc‡Rjvq Aew¯’Z gZje kwcs †m›Uv‡i cÖvwZôvwbK m½xZ cÖwk¶Y †K›`ªwU mgMÖ gZje Dc‡Rjvi m½xZ wk¶v_x©‡`i

cÖwk¶Y Kv‡h© wb‡qvwRZ i‡q‡Q| FZz eiY, RvZxq Drme, ¸Yx m¤§vbbv I iex›`ª, bRiæj Rb¥ I g„Zz¨ evwl©Kx‡Z wb‡Riv Abyôvb gvjv Av‡qvRb K‡i Pj‡Q

cÖwZôvbwU|

RvZxq iex›`ª m½xZ mw¤§jb cwil`-2001

RvZxq iex›`ª m½xZ mw¤§jb cwil‡`i †K›`ªxq mfvcwZ m½xZÁ Iqvwn`yj nK 26 ˆR¨ô 1408 (9Ryb 2001) †kvfv m½xZvqb cwi`k©‡b G‡j wZwb †NvlYv †`b- RvZxq iex›`ª m½xZ mw¤§jb cwil`- gZje kvLvi| mfvcwZ wbev©wPZ nb cÖfvlK `yjvj †cvÏvi| H w`bB wZwb 16Rb cÖwk¶Yv_x© wb‡q iex›`ª m½xZ cÖwk¶Y Kvh©µ‡gi ïf m~Pbv K‡ib| gZje `w¶Y Dc‡Rjvq AvMgb N‡U‡Q mvb&Rx`v LvZzb mn QvqvbU Z_v †`k e‡iY¨ iex›`ª m½xZ wkíx I iex›`ª AbyivMx‡`i| eQi e¨cx mva©kZ iex›`ª RqšÍx Drm‡ei mgvcbx Abyôv‡b gZj‡ei `xß evsjv cÖv½‡Y ¯‹zj, K‡jR, Dc‡Rjv, †Rjv I RvZxq ch©v‡qi GK nvRvi wkíx wb‡q cwi‡ewkZ nq ÒnvRvi K‡É iex›`ªbv‡_i Mvb (2012)Ó| m½xZ cwiPvjbv K‡ib †`k e‡iY¨ iex›`ª m½xZ wkíx wgZv nK|

bRi“j GKv‡Wgx- 2007

bRiæj mvwnZ¨ I m½x‡Zi M‡elYvi D‡Ï‡k¨ 2007 m‡b mvsevw`K k¨vgj P›`ª `vm Gi mfvcwZ‡Z¡ AvnevqK †gRevn DwÏb †gRy, m`m¨ mwPe AvwkK Kwei‡K wb‡q gZje `w¶Y Dc‡Rjvq M‡o I‡V bRiæj GKv‡Wgx| cÖwZôvZv m`m¨ n‡”Qb, †gmevnDwÏb †gRy, k¨vgj P›`ª `vm, mgxi b›`ª mvnv, †nv‡mb Avn‡g`, gvndzR gwj-K| cÖavb Dc‡`óv BDGbI, Dc‡`óv wn‡m‡e i‡q‡Qb gvKmy`yj nK evejy, †`Iqvb †iRvDj Kwig, gynv¤§` Ave`yj KvBDg Lvb, Wv: gvneyeeyi ingvb, ûgvqyb Kwei †ieb Ges Gm. Gg. †mwjg| Kwe bRiæj wfwËK e¨vcK

63

Abyôvbgvjvi ga¨ w`‡q Kvh©µg ïiæ nq| Dc‡Rjvevmx Rvb‡Z ïiæ K‡i Kwe bRiæ‡ji ARvbv wewfbœ w`K|

jvjb PPv© I M‡elYv †K›`ª (2008)

2008 mb †_‡K cÖwZwôZ jvjb PPv© I M‡elYv †K‡›`ªi mfvcwZ †`Iqvb †iRvDj Kwig I mvaviY m¤úv`K †gvt BKevj †nv‡mb cv‡Uvqvix cÖwZ eQiB †cŠl Ges bevbœ Drme‡K †K›`ª K‡i cÖvq ivZfi jvjb m½x‡Zi Avmi emvb| G‡Z †`‡ki cÖL¨vZ jvjb M‡elK I wkíx‡`i gZje `w¶Y Dc‡Rjvq AvMgb N‡U|

ÔmbKÕ Ave„wË msMVb (1999)

KweZv Ave„wËi msMVb ÔmbKÕ| 1999 m‡b cÖwZwôZ| cÖwZôvZv mfvcwZ †i‡eKv myjZvbv, mvaviY m¤úv`K mvB‡q`yj Av‡iwdb k¨vgj| ïiæ †_‡K eZ©gvb ch©šÍ GB msMVb KweZv cvV wb‡q KvR K‡i Avm‡Q|

KweZv½b Ave„wË cwil` 2007

cÖwZôvZv mfvcwZ cÖfvlK AvBbyb bvnvi Kv`&ix| 2007 †_‡K eZ©gvb ch©šÍ KweZv cvV wb‡q Dc‡Rjv, †Rjv Ges RvZxq ch©v‡q bvbv ai‡bi KvR K‡i Pj‡Q msMVbwU| G msMVbwU cÖwgZ D”PviY, evwPK DrKl© mvab, Dc¯’vcbvi welq wb‡q KvR K‡i hv‡”Q wbijmfv‡e| cÖwZ mßv‡n GKw`b G wb‡q cÖwk¶‡Yi Avmi e‡m| RvZxq w`e‡m Qov I mgq my‡hvM †c‡jB KweZv Ges cyuw_i Szwo wb‡q `k©K‡`i mvg‡b nvwRi n‡Z Kvc©Y¨ K‡i bv| msMVbwU Pvu`cy‡i KweZv cvV Ki‡Z wM‡q `yN©Ubvq Kgx© eÜz nvweeyi ingvb KvKb‡K ch©šÍ nvwi‡q‡Q | Zey KweZvi †cÖiYvq Abyôv‡bi Av‡qvRb K‡i GwM‡q Pj‡Q|

D`xwP wkíx †Mvôx (2008)

D`xwP wkíx †Mvôx gZje `w¶Y kvLvq AvZ¥cÖKvk N‡U 2008 m‡b| mfvcwZ j¶x ivYx `vm Zviv, mvaviY m¤úv`K wbgvB P›`ª †Nvl| mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK wewfbœ †hŠw³K `vex wb‡q m½x‡Zi cvkvcvwk Av‡›`vjbiZ Ae¯’vq cÖvqB †`Lv hvq msMVbwU‡K|

64

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

jwjZv m½xZvjq (2000)

wkíx ivLvj gRyg`vi cwiPvwjZ- jwjZv m½xZvjq| 2000 mb †_‡K wZwb m½xZ wk¶KZvi cvkvcvwk `je× m½xZ wk¶v ïiæ K‡ib| m½xZ iPbv I myi w`‡q my‡hvM †c‡jB `k©K‡`i mvg‡b Dc¯’vc‡bi cÖqvm Pvwj‡q Avm‡Qb AvR ch©šÍ| wPiKzgvi wkíx ivLvj gRyg`vi gZje `w¶Y Dc‡Rjvi GKgvÎ m½x‡Zi Rb¨ Rxeb DrmM©Kvix Ges m½x‡Zi Av‡qi Dci wbf©ikxj| wZwb wb‡RB Mvb wj‡Lb, myi Ges KÚ †`b| GKvav‡i MxwZKvi, myiKvi Ges wkíx wn‡m‡e wZwb A‡bK Mvb I MxwZbvU¨ ˆZix K‡i gZj‡ei gvbyl‡K wewfbœ RvZxq w`e‡m Dcnvi w`‡”Qb|

bvU¨`j- g KÉ

2004 mv‡j cÖwZwôZ| mfvcwZ kvn wMqvm, cwiPvjK- KvDmvi Avnv‡¤§`| gZje `w¶Y Dc‡Rjvq GKgvÎ bvU¨ `j RvZxq w`em I ˆekvLx Drm‡e my‡hvM K‡i bvUK cwi‡ekb K‡i _v‡K| Zv‡`i mdj cwi‡ewkZ bvUK cjvk Wv½vi gqbv, i‡³ Mov ¯^vaxbZv 2013 m‡b ¯^vaxbZv w`e‡m gZjeevmx mvb‡›` Dc‡fvM K‡i‡Q|

ûgvqyb Kwei †ieb miKvwi Kg©KZ©v (Dc‡Rjv mgvR‡mev Awdm) n‡jI m½xZPP©v K‡ib wbqwgZ| cÖvq 30 eQi a‡i Zvui Kv‡Q wk¶v wb‡q gZj‡ei A‡bK †Q‡j‡g‡q RvZxq ch©v‡q wewfbœ cyi¯‹vi †c‡q‡Qb Ges †eZvi †Uwjwfk‡b wbqwgZ Mvb Ki‡Qb| AvwZK evey, w`bvZ Rvnvb gybœx, mwRe Kzgvi ewYK, kv¤§x Av³vi, mvBdzbœvnvi BwZ, j¶x ivYx mvnv, MxZv ivYx mvnv, kvIb, AvwkK Kwei, BkivZ Rvnvb m½xZv, †jvcvmn Av‡iv A‡b‡KB RvZxq I wefvMxq ch©v‡q cyi¯‹vi †c‡q‡Qb hviv ûgvqyb Kwei †ie‡bi KvQ †_‡K nv‡Z Lwo wb‡q‡Qb| AvwZK evey cÖ_g nv‡Z Lwo wb‡q‡Qb †`Iqvb †iRvDj Kwig †_‡K|

w`bvZ Rvnvb gywbœ 1985 mv‡j b¨vkbvj GKv‡Wwg di cÖvBgvix GWz‡Kkb †`kvZ¥‡eva‡K 2q ¯’vb †iŠc¨ c`K, †gŠmygx wkï cyi¯‹vi cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq †`kvZ¥‡evaK RvixMvb 2q ¯’vb †iŠc¨ c`K, 1989 mv‡j BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb

65

cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq nvg` I bv‡Z 1g ¯’vb RvZxq m¦Y©c`K, 1993 mv‡j RvZxq wkï cyi¯‹vi cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq †jvKMxwZ‡Z 2q †iŠc¨, 1987 mv‡j RvZxq wkï cyi¯‹vi cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq 1g ¯’vb ¯^Y©c`K, RvZxq †iW wµ‡m›U †mvmvBwU 89 K¨v¤ú, BZ¨vw`mn Av‡iv eûevi wefvMxq I †Rjv chv©‡q 1g, 2q, 3q ¯’vb jvf K‡i gZje‡K †MŠievwš^Z K‡i‡Qb| 1996 mvj †_‡K †eZvi I †Uwjwfk‡b wbqwgZ wkíx wn‡m‡e ZvwjKvfy³ n‡q‡Qb| w`bvZ Rvnvb gywbœi m½x‡Z nv‡Z Lwo mn cÖ_g w`‡Ki wk¶‡Y f~wgKv wQ‡jv gZje m~h©gyLx KwP-KvuPvi †gjv I ¯’vbxq m½xZ cÖwk¶K ûgvqyb Kwei †ie‡bi |

2008 mv‡ji 4 Rvbyhvix Abb¨ aªæc` mvs¯‹…wZK †K›`ªwUi AvbyôvwbK hvÎv ïiæ nq| bvRgyj Avnmvb †LvKb I Gm Av‡iwdb k¨vg‡ji †hŠ_ cwiPvjbvq †K›`ªwUi Kvh©µg P‡j| eZ©gv‡b KwP-KvuPv cÖv½‡Y m½xZ, b„Z¨, Zejv, Qwe AuvKv I MxUvi wel‡q wbqwgZ cªwk¶Y Pj‡Q| mvwe©K `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Qb XvKv‡Z wewfbœ m½xZ welqK cÖwZôv‡b cÖwk¶YcÖvß bvRgyj nvmvb †LvKb|

GQvovI †ek K‡qKRb wkíx Av‡Qb hviv †eZvi I †Uwjwfk‡b wbqwgZ Dc¯’vcb Ges m½xZ cwi‡ekb K‡i hv‡”Qb| Zv‡`i g‡a¨ w`bvZ Rvnvb gybœx, Dc¯’vcK I m½xZ wkíx, gwReyi ingvb- bRiæj m½xZ wkíx, AvwkK Kwei, Av‡idv Bqvmgxb BZvbv- m½xZ I b„Z¨ wkï wkíx| RvZxq wkï cyi¯‹vi 1992 nvg` I bv‡_ 1g ¯’vb jvf K‡i ¯^Y©c`K AR©b K‡ib mRxe Kzgvi ewYK|

(m~Î: `yjvj †cvÏvi, gvKmy`yj nK evejy, †`Iqvb †iRvDj Kwig I ûgvqyb Kwei †ieb)|

ag© I ms¯‹…wZ

Avkcv‡ki mvgvwRKZvi mv‡_ gZje `w¶Y GjvKvi mvgvwRKZvi Mfxi wgj i‡q‡Q| cjvkxi hy‡×i ci †_‡K ¯^vaxbZv AR©b ch©šÍ ivóªxq e¨e¯’vq †h auvP j¶¨ Kiv †M‡Q Zvi e¨wZµg N‡Uwb GLv‡bI| weªwUk kvwmZ evsjvq wn›`y‡`i †h cÖfve wQj gZje `w¶Y GjvKvi MÖvg¸‡jv‡Z Zv cwijw¶Z n‡q‡Q| A‡bK †¶‡Î wn›`y

66

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

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67

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-†cwÝj

-KvKvZzqv

Ggb †Nvov †Kv_vq †Lv‡R cv‡e?

46| gvgv Wv‡K gvgv e‡j evevI Wv‡K ZvB

47| Ni Av‡Q `yqvi bvB

48| †Zvgvi evwo †Mjvg / Ly‡j w`‡q emjvg

-KivwZ

†Q‡j †g‡q I gvgv Wv‡K b‡n

gvbyl Av‡Q K_v bvB

-RyZv

gvi fvB

-Kei

     

34| P‡j wKš‘ nv‡Ubv, Ggb

35| R‡j‡Z Rb¥ hvi/ R‡j

36| `v`v †`q GKevi/ †eŠw`

 

wK wRwbm ejbv?-------UvKv

w`‡j me©bvk-----jeb

†`q evievi---------------- wmu`yi

-Pvu`gvgv

49| Avj-vni Kx Kz`iZ/

49| KvU‡Z †M‡j Kvu`‡Z nq

50| WvK w`qv fq †`nvq

37| GKLvwb cyKz‡i cvwb

38| ï‡Z †M‡j w`‡Z nq/ bv

39| nvZ bvB cv bvB, wcV

Mv‡Qi AvMvq kieZ---------

G wRwbm Kx nq?

Av‡jv w`qv c_ †`nvq

DoyDo– K‡i

w`‡j ¶wZ nq

w`‡q P‡j

------ bvi‡Kj

Ggb ev‡ci mvwa¨ bvB †m_v

Kvwj`vk Kq/ hv fveQ Zv bq

ivZ w`b R‡j!

-

wcqvR

-weRjx

gvQ a‡i

-`iRvi wLj

-†bŠKv

51| cvwbi gv‡S Rb¥ hvi/

52| GK QvM‡ji wZbgv_v/

53| GK _vj mycvwi/ ¸Y‡Z

-û°v

cvwb‡Z Nievwo

Lvq ïay jZvcvZv------ cvnvj/Pzjv

cv‡i †Kvb e¨vcvix?---------- -- Zviv

40| Ggb GK e¨vUv Kx

41| evwoi wc‡Q wk‡gi wMj

42| GK gv‡qi `y †Q‡j

dwKi b‡n IRv b‡n gy‡L _v‡K `uvwo

ivRvi cv‡Z e‡m Lvq ¶xi

wb‡Ri gv_v wb‡R wMj

†KD KvD‡K †`L‡Z bv cv‡i

-wPswo gvQ

-gvwQ

-K”Qc

-†PvL

     
     

54| mvM‡i‡Z Rb¥ Zvi

55| Ggb GK iwmK Pvb,

55| Avwg bvbx evwo †Mjvg/

†jvKvj‡q evm

bv‡K e‡m a‡i Kvb!

bvbx Avgvq †`‡L `iRv eÜ K‡i w`j

43| XzK‡Z †M‡j e¨_v cvq

44| Mv‡Qi AvMvq nB‡ji

45| cvwbi wb‡P wnRj

gv‡q Qzu‡j cyZ g‡i GKx

---Pkgv

Xz‡K †M‡j Avivg cvq

†cvbv

MvQ/KvU‡Z †M‡j evi gvm| -

me©bvk

--kvgyK

-----Qvqv

 
 

77

78

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

--jeb

   

56| eD Gi fvB bq‡Zv †m Zey †Zv kvjv `yjvfvB bvBev Wv‡K Ávb‡Zv †`q †gjv

57| cov‡kvbv‡Z Avwg †Zvgvi †jLvcov‡ZI Avwg d¨vk‡bI jvwM Kv‡R wP‡bv Avgvq Zzwg?

58| nvRvi Av‡jvi wkLv n‡q †Kvb †m cÖ`xc R¡‡j AÜKv‡i c_ †`Lvq Rxeb my›`i K‡i|

-cvVkvjv

-wk¶v

-Pkgv

59| bvbx evwo †Mjvg/ i³

60| jvjMvfx eb Lvq/ Rj

61| Wvbv bvB †m D‡o hvq

w`‡q fvZ †Ljvg

†L‡q gviv hvq

--jvjkvK

gyL bvB Zvi Zey †m †W‡K hvq

--Av¸b

--†gN

62| R‡j R‡j Rxeb Kv‡U

63| GÆz Lvwb †eWvWv, †jvnvi

64| GK Mv‡Q wZb ZiKvwi

ZvgvK Lvq

b`x bvjv cyKzi Nv‡U --‡R‡j

eo eo Mv‡Qi ms‡M hy× Ki‡Z hvq

AvRe K_v ewj nvwo --mR‡b MvQ/KjvMvQ

-Kzovj

65| Avwg Zzwg

66| Avwg _vwK Lv‡j Lv‡j

67| †g‡q †jv‡Ki nv‡Z bv‡P

GKRb/†`L‡Z GKBiƒc

Zywg _v‡Kv Wv‡j

mvZkZ gyL Zvi Av‡Q

Avwg KZ K_v ewj Zzwg KZ Pzc

GKw`b †`Lv n‡e gi‡Yi Kv‡j

-Pvjyb

-Avqbv

-gvQ-gwiP

79

     

68| G Ni hvB, I Ni hvB

69| evBk AvZ gvwWi Z‡j,

70| gvgyi evwoi AvwZWv

`g`gvBqv AvQvo LvB

evBb¨vi Ni|

¸Y ¸YvBqv hvq|

-SvUv

evb bvB Zzdvb bvB, Zey evBb¨vi Wi|

nvRvi †Unvi gBP LvBqv Av‡iv LvB‡Z Pvq|

-Bu`yi|

-cvUv|

71| mvZ AvZ gvwWi Z‡j,

72| j‡i fvB e‡b hvB

73| GB †`wL GB bvB

evB`¨v †ewWi Ni|

Wvj fvB½v Rj LvB|

Zviv e‡b evN bvB|

evN bvB fvj-yK bvB,

-AvL|

-weRwj|

Zey †ewWi Wi|

-Bu`yi|

74| ûj ûjvbx û‡j

75| GK A½, `yB A½, wZb

76| eÜz †Mj eÜzi evwo

eq‡mi Kv‡j Wz‡j

A½ †Rvov,

eÜz w`j `yqvi evwo|

‰`‡e Zvi gv_v †Mj †cvov|

cvK‡j †bsUv K‡i evRv‡i

-kvgyK|

wb‡q Zz‡j|

fv‡e †evSv hvq †c‡U K‡i

-†ZuZzj|

ivI,

gv‡qi ¯Í‡bi gZ Pz‡l Pz‡l

LvI|

-û°v|

 

80

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

77| Mv‡Oi cv‡oi NyNyUv

78| GK MvQ GK eywo

79| ivRvi evwoi †Nvov

 

(m~Î : gZje g‡Wj cÖvBgvix ¯‹z‡ji wkw¶Kv I cÂg †kÖwYi Qv·`i KvQ †_‡K cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi gva¨‡g msMÖn)

ïBqv Avnvi K‡i

†PvL Zvi †PŠÏKzwo|

GK weqv‡b eyov|

 
 

gZj‡e e¨eüZ cÖev` cÖePb

 

†j½y‡i cviv w`‡j

-Avbvim|

-Kjv MvQ|

 

†KrKyr K‡i|

 

†gvZ‡Z QvwM a‡ibv

Kxev c‡`i †Pnviv bvg bvwK †cqviv

- †XuwK|

†k‡l jDivBqv jv¸i cvqbv

K‡i Avevi Kzqviv

80| jvj wgqv nv‡U hvq

81| GK _vj mycvix,

82| †QvU GKUv †QgWx

†`BL¨v hvI‡Mv eyqviv

c‡_

_vei Lvq|

¸Y‡Z cv‡i †Kvb †ecvix|

Lvq bv †avq bv Zey my›`ix|

KB&I K_v eyB¾v

Ki‡ev Kxev `k †Unvq

- cvwZj|

-Zviv|

-imyb|

cvI dvjvB&I gvBccv

†cvb gvi‡Q wek †Unvq

83| Dc‡i meyR wfZ‡i jvj

84| cvwL bq Zey D‡o

85| nvZ bvB cv bvB

wPbb bvix eywׇZ

†Q‡j bó nv‡U, wS bó Pv‡U

Zvi wfZ‡i ¸wj-i Uvj|

†gvg bq Zey M‡j|

†`‡k †`‡k Ny‡i

cyiæl wPbb m¤ú‡`

†eŠ bó cowk evwoi Nv‡U|

 

- †cu‡cu|

-‡gN|

Zvi Afve n‡j †jv‡K Abvnv‡i g‡i|

evc-cy‡Z WvBKv fvB/ †Kvb iKg w`b KvUvB

hvi jvwM bvB/ †gRevwb evBZI bvB

 

-gy`ªv|

g½‡j Elv, ey‡a cv/ h_v B”Qv Z_v

Mv‡Qi ivbœv m~‡h© mviv, m~‡h© K‡iv Pvl

86| nvivB‡j LyuwR Zv‡i

87| wZb †KvYv g‡a¨ Mv_v

88| Zzwg Avwg GKRb

hv

Av‡j †¶‡Z MvQMvQvwj/dmj ev‡ivgvm

cvB‡j †bBbv N‡i|

dvj`v dvj`v gv‡i hvZv|

†`wL‡Z GKB iƒc

   
 

-c_/ iv¯Ív|

- †cjyb|

Avwg hLb K_v ewj Zzwg ZLb Pzc|

hw` e‡o Av¸‡b/ivRv jv‡g gv¸‡b

†lvj Pv‡l gyjv. Zvi A‡a©K Zzjv

 

hw` e‡o †cŠ‡l †Mvjv f‡i Zz‡l

Zvi A‡a©K cvb, webvPv‡l cvb

-Qwe / d‡Uv

hw` e‡o gv‡Ni †kl/ab¨ ivRvi cyY¨

 

†`k

 

81

82

m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi, gZje `wÿY
m¤úv`bvq, mwdKzj Bmjvg
Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi,
gZje `wÿY

ivM gwb‡ei ivBqZ fv‡jv / ivM kvïwoi eD fv‡jv

my›`ix bv cvq ei/ NiwY bv cvq Ni

 

AwZ †jv‡f ZuvwZ bó

†jv‡f cvc cv‡c g„Zy¨

we‡`‡k we-iv‡R¨ hvi cyZ gviv hvq,

†hP‡K †ZP‡K wg‡j ûUwK‡P evBMb

†g‡q we‡q †`I fv‡Z/ †Q‡j we‡q

AvDk KBiv †dvovB‡Q Kvb/ wRwbm

cï c¶x bv Rvwb‡Z Av‡M Rv‡b

wg‡j

KivI Rv‡Z

co‡Z hvq civb

gvq|

kvïox Av‡b eDGi gyL/ wRsjvq Av‡b cvnvi gyL

hvi weqv Zvi Lei bvB/ cvov cowki Nyg bvB

hw` _v‡K e‡Üi gb, MvO nvPi‡Z

wbg wZZv, wbwm›`v wZZv Avi wZZv

   

kvox my›`i wc›`‡b/ bvix my›`i

gvi †P‡q gvwmi `i` †ekx?!

KZ¶Y

 

Rni

iv܇b

Gi †_BK¨v AwaK wZZv `yB mwZ‡bi

nm gvwW‡Z wejvB Lvgmvq/ UvBW gvwW‡i kvejI Wivq

Kv‡j nwi, Kv‡j eD/ KvQv w`qv LvBI †gŠ

Ni|

msmvi K_v Lvwb gayi i‡mi Lwb

wU‡e Uv‡e bvI evq Zv‡i Kq bvBqv

wb‡›` dzj wc‡›`, Av‡m Ni e‡m

nvwZ †Nvov †Mj Zj/ †fov e‡j KZ

Rj

wb‡P w`qv PvQ Kv‡W Dc‡o †`q

cvwb|

Vv‡i Vv‡i K_v Kq Zv‡i Kq gvBqv|

AvwgI nBi ABjvg / †`‡kI KvZ

Pzb LvBqv gyL ZvZ‡Q/ `B †`L‡j Wi

`yB mwZ‡bi Ni †Lv`vq i¶v Ki|

fv‡jvi

_vK‡j Lvq Myqv cvb|

bvgj

jv‡M

_vK‡j KvWv hvq `yBWv