Bhavnagar

INDEX
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Bhavnagar : A Snapshot Economy and Industry Profile Industrial Locations / Infrastructure Support Infrastructure
2

Social Infrastructure Tourism Investment Opportunities Annexure
2

1

3

Bhavnagar: A Snapshot

3

Introduction: Bhavnagar
§ Bhavnagar is located near the Gulf of Cambay in the Arabian Sea, a part of Saurashtra peninsula, in central part of Gujarat § Proximity of Bhavnagar with commercial districts of Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surendranagar, and Amreli has made the district an important industrial location § The district has 11 talukas, of which the major ones are Bhavnagar (District Headquarter), Shihor, Talaja, Mahuva, Botad, Palitana, Ghogha and Vallabhipur § 4 Focus industry sectors: Diamond cutting & polishing, cement & gypsum, inorganic salt-based and marine chemicals, shipBotad Gadhda Umrala Vallabhipur Bhavnagar Sihor Ghogha Gariadhar Palitana District Headquarter Talukas Talaja Mahuva

Map1: District Map of Bhavnagar with Talukas

building, ship-repairs, oxygen, foundry, re-rolling, ceramics, fabrication and food processing industries § § World’s largest ship breaking yard is at Alang in the district Major tourist attractions in the district are Velavadar National park-Blackbuck sanctuary, Takhteshwar Temple,

Gaurishanker Lake, Jain Temples of Palitana and Talaja

4

Fact File
Geographical Location Average Rainfall Rivers Area District Headquarter Talukas Population Population Density Sex Ratio Literacy Rate Languages Seismic Zone
Source: Bhavnagar District Profile 2006-07

71.15o East (Longitude) 21.47o North (Latitude) 605 mm Shetrunji, Ranghola and Kaludhar 8,628 sq. km. Bhavnagar 11 5 24,69,630 (As per 2001 Census) 205 Persons per sq. km. 937 Females per 1000 Males 66.20% Gujarati, Hindi and English Zone III

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Economy and Industry Profile
6

Economy and Industry Profile
§ Industrial development in Bhavnagar district could be attributed to the presence of a large number of diamond cutting and polishing units, salt and marine chemicals, plastics, ship building, and breaking industries § Bhavnagar stands second in diamond cutting & polishing industry after Surat in India, with 6,000 units operating from the district and employing more than 3 lakh people § § Bhavnagar is the largest producer of salt, with 34,500 tons of salt being produced annually in the district Bhavnagar manufactures FRP (Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic) boats and steel vessels at ship building 7 facility of Alcock Ashdown (Gujarat ) Ltd § § At Alang, Bhavnagar houses the largest ship breaking yard in the world Bhavnagar has about 150 units manufacturing plastic monofilaments, and more than 400 units manufacturing plastic cloth, twine, ropes, films, and multifilament yarn § Some sections of the society depends upon agriculture for their livelihood
Source: District Industries Centre, Bhavnagar

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Agriculture
§ § Major crops produced in the district are citrus, onion, guava, banana and chiku In 2006-07, Bhavnagar had the highest production of
Total Area (in Hec)

2800

Fig 1:Total Area and Production of Food and Non Food Crops (2006-07)
5000

onion and guava in the State, accounting for 4,99,112 and 52,061 Metric Tonnes (MT) respectively § § The district was the third highest producer of chiku (sapota) with a production of 31,886 MT (2006-07) Total production of cotton for the year 2006-07, in Bhavnagar was 12,73,500 Bales, the second highest in the State after Rajkot
Fig 3:Total Area and Production of Major Food Crops (2006-07)
24000 600000 Total Production (in M.T.)
Total Area (in Hec)

2100
2112
1779

1400

2553

2500

700
862

0 Cereals
Area (in Hec)

0

Oilseed
Production (in 00 M.T.)

Fig 2:Total Area and Production of Food Crops (2006-07)
30000
629495

Total Production (in 00 M.T.)
800000 600000 400000
Total Production (in M.T.)

499112
Total Area (in Hec) 18000 400000 12000

20000
24167 27454

19383
6000

200000

10000

260785

200000
6892

4811
0

46907 784

52061 24303 2584
0

0
Fruits Vegetables Spices

5417

0

Citrus

Banana
Area (in Hec)

Onion

Guava

Area (in Hec)

Production (in M.T.)

Production (in M.T.)

Source: Department of Agriculture, 2006-07

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Major Industries
§ § There are 112 medium and large scale industries located in Bhavnagar district Some of the major medium and large scale players present in the district are mentioned in Table 1.
Table 1: Major Industries Present in Bhavnagar*
Name of Company Nirma Ltd. Ashapura Minechem Ltd. Chhatariya Foods Private Ltd. Anik Ship Breaking Industries Ltd. Volvo Steels Ltd. Iota Chemiculture Ltd. Alcock Ashdown Ltd Skylink Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. Wipro Limited Ruparel Plastics (P) Ltd. Vimal Dyes and Gas India (P) Ltd. Investment & Precision Castings Ltd Taluka Kalatalav, Bhavnagar Chitra, Bhavnagar Mahuva Talaja Mahuva Ghogha Bhavnagar Sihor Bhavnagar Mahuva Shampara Bhavnagar Production Chemicals Clay Mineral Products including Bentonite Onion Dehydration Units Shipbreaking

Map 2: Major Industry Players in Bhavnagar*

Alcock Ashdown Ltd

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Stainless Steel Ingots Chemicals Ship Building Facility Chemicals Vegetable Oils and Vanaspati Polypropylene Ropes Industrial Oxygen Investment Castings
* Indicative List Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Small Scale Industries (SSI)
§ The district has 10,080 SSI units with employment of 49,587 involving a total investment of INR 28,955 lakhs (USD 70.62 million) § Around 4,460 SSI units are present in Bhavnagar taluka, witnessing investments to the tune of INR 9,956 lakhs (USD 24.28 million) § Maximum number of industries are engaged in repairing & servicing, textiles, chemicals, glass & ceramics, and wood products
Fig 4 : Talukawise major Investments and Employment in SSIs
12000 Total Investments (in Lakhs) 19551 Total Employment 9000 18000 24000

6000 9956 3000 5674 4942 0 Bhavnagar Shihor Mahuva Batod 3616 6441 3979 1996 2888 1359 Palitana Employment 2112 1184 Gadhda

12000

6000

0

Investments (in Lakhs)
Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Small Scale Industries (SSI)
Map 3 : SSI Clusters in Bhavnagar
270 SSI units Botad 323 SSI units Gadhda Umrala Vallabhipur 4460 SSI units Bhavnagar 1266 SSI units 221 SSI units Gariadhar Palitana 557 SSI units 1532 SSI units Mahuva
Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

643 SSI units

133 SSI units

11

Sihor

270 SSI units Ghogha 356 SSI units Talaja

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Industry Investment Trends
§ As per the Industrial Entrepreneur Memoranda (IEMs) filed, the total investment during 1988-97 was INR 2,693
In ve stm en ts (IN R C ro re )

Fig. 5: Investments in 1988 -97 Vs 1998-07 Comparative Data in Last Two Decades
6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 1988 - 1997 Years 1998 - 2007 2693 4775

Crore

(USD

657

million),

and

during

1998-2007

investments worth INR 4,775 Crore (USD 1,164.6 million) § Around 87% of the investments during 1998-07 has been contributed by infrastructure projects, cement and gypsum, and chemicals sector, while 89% of the 12 investments during 1988-97 was contributed by industries such as chemicals, cement and gypsum § Miscellaneous machinery and engineering sector showed increase in number of units while chemicals, plastic and food processing industries showed remarkable growth in investments during 1998-2007

Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Investment Trends: 1988-97
§ During 1988-97, the chemical sector attracted maximum investments to the tune of INR 1,209 Crores (USD 295 million) contributing 45% to the
In vestm ent an d E m plo ym en t
Highest Investment
100 0 0 90 0 0 80 0 0 70 0 0 60 0 0 50 0 0 40 0 0 30 0 0 20 0 0 10 0 0 0

Fig. 6: Major Investments & Employment During 1988-97

total investments. The sector proved to be the second highest employment generator with 7,154 jobs § Cement and gypsum sector attracted next highest investments of INR 1,180 Crore (USD 288 million) contributing 44% to total investments in the decade § Highest employment was generated creating by

8585 7154 3536 1209 1180 187 M etallu rg ical in d u stries

Highest Employment

13

40

577

22

1027

C h em icals

C em en t an d G yp su m

D ye Stu ff s

Sectors Investment
(INR crore)

metallurgical

industries

8,585

Employment

employment opportunities and contributing 38% to the total employment

13

Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat,2007

Food Pro cessin g In d u st ries

Investment Trends: 1998-07
§ Infrastructure sector attracted the highest investment of INR 2,200 Crore (USD 536.5 million) contributing 46% to total investments generated during 1998-07
Investment and Employment
4 50 0

Fig. 7: Major Investments & Employment During 1998-07

3997
4000

§

The next highest investment was generated by cement and gypsum sector of INR 1,637 Crore (USD 399.26 million) growing by 39% and contributing 34% to the total investments 14

3 50 0 3000 2 50 0 2000 150 0 10 0 0 50 0 0

Highest Investment

Highest Employment

2200

2223 1637 938

§

Highest employment was generated by the chemical sector creating 3,997 jobs

250

306

186

400 96 79 94

ic al s

tu re

yp su m

al s

ru c

he m

ac eu

st rie s

Ph ar m

ou s

ta

250 times during 1998-07 with an investment of INR 79 Crore (USD 19 million)
Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

Sectors
Investm ent Em ploym ent

(INR crore)

14

Fo

D

§

Food processing industries grew by over

is ce

gs

ru

M

od

Pr oc es si

contributing 36% to the total jobs created

fr as t

nd

In du

en

C

an d

lla ne

em

ng

In

In du

G

C

st rie s

tic

Investments in Pipeline
§ A total of 11 MoUs were signed during Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors Summits (VGGIS) 2003, 2005 and 2007, in several sectors, such as, ports, power, agro & food Processing, tourism and mineral-based industries
1 1 2

Fig 8: Sectorwise MoUs Signed during VGGIS during 2003,2005 & 2007

§

The power sector witnessed investments of over INR 4000 crore (USD 975.60 million) during VGGIS 2003 and 2005 by Nirma Chemicals Limited and Gujarat Petro Chemical Limited respectively

2

5

§

Port sector witnessed maximum number of MoUs during 2003 and 2005 in the district

Mineral Based Industries Port Agro & Food processing

Power Tourism

§

Gujarat State Petronet Corporation (GSPC), has signed an MoU during Vibrant Gujarat 2007, for the privatisation of Bhavnagar port
Source: Industries Commissionerate, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Economy Drivers
§ Major investments were witnessed in infrastructure projects during 1998-07 which would further enhance the image of the district as a commercial region § Recent surge in the growth of food processing industries in the district has increased employment opportunities for the masses § Presence of Bhavnagar port has helped in catalyzing the growth of industries, making it an important terminal for export and import of goods § 16

Proximity with other major industrial hubs of the State, such as Ahmedabad, and Rajkot has helped the district in attracting investments

§

Small scale industry sectors such as repairing & servicing, textiles, chemicals, glass & ceramics and wood products are the supporting pillars of the economy providing numerous employment opportunities

Source: District Industries Centre, Bhavnagar

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Industrial Locations / Infrastructure
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Industrial Estates
Map 4: Industrial Estates in Bhavnagar Table 2: Industrial Estates in Bhavnagar
Industrial Estates Vallabhipur Dhasa Botad Viithalwadi Sihor 1 Sihor 2 Palitana Mahuva Vartej Chitra Area in Hectare 0.75 0.93 6 9 12 18.73 33.95 18 73.58 174.71

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Legend

Source: Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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4

19

Support Infrastructure
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Road and Rail Connectivity
Road Map 5: Bhavnagar Road and Rail Network

§

National Highway 8E passes through the district connecting it to Junagadh (205 km) and Amreli (113 km)

§

Bhavnagar is also connected to Ahmedabad (170 km), Vadodara (280 km), Jamnagar (266 km), Surat (447 km), Rajkot (178 km), Ankleshwar (364 km), Vapi (514 km), Gandhinagar (228 km) and Mehsana (274 km)

§

Connectivity with major industrial centers of India: 20 Delhi (986 km), Mumbai (622 km), Kolkata (1981 km), Hyderabad (1138 km), and Chennai (1,686 km)

Rail

§

Almost all the talukas of Bhavnagar are well connected to cities such as Amreli, Ahmedabad and Mumbai by rail
Source: Bhavnagar District Profile 2006-07

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Airports and Ports
Air

§

Bhavnagar is one of the first cities to have an airport in Gujarat

§ §

Air services are available between Bhavnagar and Mumbai Nearest international airport is in Ahmedabad (200 km)

Mumbai

Port

§ § § § §

21 Bhavnagar port is well connected with a broad gauge railway line The port handles oil cakes, salts, scrap, onions, clay and rape seeds The port is 10 km away from Bhavnagar city which is well connected to Ahmedabad and Mumbai There is a minor port at Ghogha and ship breaking yard at Alang Government of Gujarat plans to develop Mithivirdi and Mahuva ports for handling steel products, iron ore, coal, iron plates and automobiles

§

The nearest natural port of Pipavav is 113 km
Source: Bhavnagar District Profile,2006-07, Gujarat Maritime Board, Government of Gujarat

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Power Supply Network
Power Map 6 : Bhavnagar Power Supply

§ Bhavnagar has a well developed network of Sub stations in the district to cater to the industrial and domestic power requirements § There are five 220 KV sub stations at different locations in the district at Dhasa, Vartej, Sagapara, Otha and Savarkundla, and a 132 KV sub station is at Vallabhipur 22

§ Twenty one, 66 KV sub stations are spread across the district § One power station is under implementation at Ghogha taluka.

Source: Gujarat State Electricity Board, Government of Gujarat, 2007

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Gas Supply
Gas

§

Gujarat State Petronet Limited (GSPL) has proposed a gas pipeline in Bhavnagar with a length of 141 km originating from Jafrabad connecting Pipavav with Bhavnagar
Map 7: Bhavnagar Gas Grid Network

B H A V N A G A R

Route Identification Complete Commissioned
Source: Gujarat State Petronet Limited

Under Construction

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Bhavnagar Port
§ § § Bhavnagar port is well connected with a broad gauge railway line The port handles oil cakes, salts, scrap, onions, clay and rape seeds The port is 10 km away from Bhavnagar city which is well connected to Ahmedabad and Mumbai by road and rail. § § There is a minor port at Ghogha and ship breaking yard at Alang Government of Gujarat plans to develop Mithivirdi and Mahuva ports for handling steel products, iron ore, coal, iron plates and automobiles § The nearest natural port of Pipavav is 113 km

Source: Bhavnagar District Profile,2006-07, Gujarat Maritime Board, Government of Gujarat

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Bhavnagar Port
§ § Bhavnagar port is an all – weather direct berthing port for smaller vessels It is located in the Gulf of Cambay on the west coast of India and has a draft upto 4 metres § The concrete jetty is 270 metres in length and 12.8 metres in width and also having North quay of 120 m § The port is illuminated by five high – mast towers and 75 KVA DG set for emergency power supply § § § The port exports – oil cakes, salts, scrap, onions, clay and rape seeds Minor ports in the district are at Mahuva, Ghogha, and Talaja Alcock Ashdown Ltd, a major company for ship building, ship conversion and overhauling projects, has a manufacturing shipyard in Bhavnagar § Alcock Ashdown has one of the biggest centrally air conditioned FRP boat building shops in Bhavnagar § Alang (50 km from Bhavnagar city) is the largest ship breaking yard in the
Source: The Ports of Gujarat, Gujarat Maritime Board ,2005-06
Bhavnagar

Gujarat

Performance 2005-06 (lakh tonnes)

Import 1.01

Export 1.32

world

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Proposed Infrastructure Projects
Road Network § The Government has proposed privatisation of bus services in Bhavnagar, to enhance the standards of transport facilities. Further, a “Transport Nagar” proposed by the Bhavnagar Municipal Corporation will provide the much needed connectivity in the district § Gujarat State Road Development Corporation (GSRDC) has proposed development of Bhavnagar-Vallabhipur-Dhandhuka Road and BhavnagarDholera-Wataman Road 26

Port § Mithivirdi, situated 40 km south of Bhavnagar and 10 km north of existing ship breaking yard at Alang is the proposed site for cargo handling which includes steel products, iron ore, coal, iron plates, and automobiles

Source: Indian Real Estate: Growth and New Destinations ,FICCI and Ernst & Young, 2007

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Proposed Infrastructure Projects
Power § Lignite based power station is proposed at Ghogha taluka having a capacity of 315 MW by Nirma Ltd. with investments of about INR 2,000 crore (USD 487.8 million)

Kalpasar Project § Kalpasar Project envisages to build a dam (64 km) across the Gulf of 27a sweet water lake across Khambhat in Gujarat in the Arabian Sea to create Ghogha in Bhavnagar district and Hansot in Bharuch district. It is a multidimensional project with power generation, water conservation, and bridging Saurashtra (west Gujarat with south Gujarat). The distance between Saurashtra and south Gujarat will be reduced by 225 km after the successful completion of the project

Source: Indian Real Estate: Growth and New Destinations ,FICCI and Ernst & Young, 2007

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Social Infrastructure
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Education
§ Bhavnagar has a university of its own offering courses in professional disciplines such as management, computer applications, etc apart from the conventional courses. § Bhavnagar hosts a number of Engineering, Medical, Nursing, ayurvedic, and physiotherapy Colleges and Industrial Training Institutes § Engineering colleges offering courses in chemical, civil, electrical, electronic and communication, 29information
Table 3 : Educational Institutions in Bhavnagar Educational Institutes Primary Schools Secondary & Higher Secondary Schools ITIs Polytechnics MCA Colleges Pharmacy College Engineering Colleges Others * Total 961 214 8 1 2 2 2 15

technology, production and mechanical engineering are present in the district § The Government Medical College and Swami Vivekanand Homeopathic Medical College affiliated with Bhavnagar University in Bhavnagar city offer MBBS and BHMS degrees respectively

* Arts, Commerce, Science,B.Ed & Law Colleges

Source: Bhavnagar District Profile 2006-07, Industries Commissionerate

29

Health
§ Bhavnagar has several hospitals for providing a comprehensive range of medical services backed by modern technology and trained clinicians. § There are 13 community and 47 primary health centers

present in the district. § Sir specializes 30 psychiatry, ophthalmology, cardiology, gynecology, etc Takhtsinhji Hospital in Bhavnagar in Sir Takhtsinhji Hospital

§ Sihor taluka has a Tuberculosis and Research Centre at Amargadh which provides excellent treatment facilities § Indian Red Cross associated hospitals are also present in the district
Source: Bhavnagar District Profile, Health and Family Welfare Department, 2007

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Tourism
31

Tourism
§ Some of the renowned tourist destinations in Bhavnagar city are Gandhi Smriti, Takhteshwar Temple, Gaurishanker Lake, Sardar Vallabhai Patel (Pill Garden), and old Darbargarh § The Velavadar National Park, which is situated 40 km from Bhavnagar city, is a sanctuary for storks, sarus cranes etc § Talaja is a picturesque and serene town in the district. Located on the Shetrunji river, it is known for the presence of 30 Buddhist caves 32 § Shihor Darbargadh, royal residence of the Gohil Rajputs between 1570 and 1723 is known for paintings which potray the attire of the period, the weapons used, and the expressions on the warriors’ faces § Bhavnagar city provides royal accomodation facilities for tourists. The district has many hotels such as Nilambagh Palace Hotel, Hotel Bluehill, Hotel Sunshine, and Hotel Apollo
Hotel Bluehill Blackbuck in Velavadar National Park

blackbuck, wolf, pelicans, flamingoes, white

Source: India Guide Gujarat, 2007

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33

Investment Opportunities
33

Investment Opportunities
Agriculture & Food Processing
§ Cotton spinning mill and surgical cotton manufacturing unit § Fruit pulp and juice canning industries § Poultry and cattle feed § Cold storage and dehyderation plant

Minerals
§ Cement plant § Mosaic chips § Stone crushing 34

Engineering
§ Tractor & agricultural equipments § Auto parts / machinery parts & foundry § Electrical equipments § Steel re–rolling mills
* Detailed Sector/ Project Profiles for investment opportunities available at www.indextb.com

34

Investment Opportunities
Ports
§ RO-RO terminals § Special purpose jetty with import facility for oil, waste & sludge, export facility for ship scrap , etc § Ship building and ship repairing

Plastic
§ § § § Plastic wares, toys 35 Multi packing bags Plastic automotive parts Fishing nets

* Detailed Sector/ Project Profiles for investment opportunities available at www.indextb.com

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Annexure I
Maps
Map 1: District Map of Bhavnagar with Talukas Map 2 : Major Industry Players in Bhavnagar Map 3 : SSI Clusters in Bhavnagar Map 4 : Industrial Estates in Bhavnagar Map 5: Bhavanagar Road and Rail Network Map 6: Bhavnagar Power Network Map 7: Bhavnagar Gas Network

Figures
Figure 1 : Total Area and Production of Food and Non Food Crops 2005-06 Figure 2 : Total Area and Production of Food Crops 2006-07 Figure 3 : Total Area and Production of Major Food Crops in 2006-07 Figure 4 : Talukawise Major Investments and employment in SSIs Figure 5 : Investments in 1988-97 vs 1997-07 – Comparative Data in Last Two Decades Figure 6 : Major Investments and Employment during 1988-97 Figure 7 : Major Investments and Employment during 1998-07 Figure 8 : Sectorwise MoUs Signed (VGGIS 03, 05, 07)

Tables
Table 1 : Major Industries Present in Bhavnagar Table 2 : Industrial Estates in Bhavnagar Table 3 : Education Institutes in Bhavnagar

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Annexure II : Abbreviations
SMEs : Small and Medium Enterprises IEM : Industrial Entrepreneur Memorandum MoU : Memorandum of Understanding SSI : Small Scale Industries VGGIS : Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors Summit GoG : Government of Gujarat GSPL: Gujarat State Petronet Limited GPCL: Gujarat Power Corporation Limited GSRDC: Gujarat State Road Development Corporation GMB: Gujarat Maritime Board ITI: Industrial Training Institutes MBBS: Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery MV: Mega Volt MT: Metric Tonnes

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