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2.


2221
bpmfdtnlgk
hjqxzhchshrzcs

n
22 ng,


1. bpm fo, bo()
po ()mo ()fo()
2. d tnl gkh e,
de, te, ne, le, ge, ke, he.
3. j, q, x i, ji, qi, xi ;
4. zh, ch, sh, r -i* +
zhi, chi, shi, ri,
5. z, c, s-i[ ]zici
si

2.1

1.
bpm

b
p
m

2.
f --

f:

3.
zcs

z
c
s

4.
dtnl
:
d
t
n
l

5.
zhchshr

zh
ch
sh
r

6.
jqx-

j
q
x

7.
gkh

g
k
h

2.3
1
2
3


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1
b p d t g k

b p d
t g k

2.
f s sh r x h

:
f s sh
r x h

3.
z c zh ch j q

:
j q zh
ch z c

4.
m n ng

m n

5.
l

lai lin


-----,
b p f d t g k h j q x zh sh z c s
-----

m n ng l r

1
2
3
4 n l
5 r l
6 f h
7
8

1.
2.
3.
4.