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Question 1

2 out of 2 points

Last month Walter became sick after eating two chili dogs, so he no longer likes chili dogs. Walter has experienced
Answer Correct Answer:

taste-aversion learning.

Question 2
2 out of 2 points

According to Fergus Craik and Robert Lockhart, we are most likely to remember information that we process at what level?
Answer Correct Answer:

deep

Question 3
2 out of 2 points

How has research on speakers of Italian shed light on processes that underlie the tip-ofthe-tongue phenomenon?
Answer Correct Answer:

When caught in the TOT, Italian speakers are often able to tell if the word is masculine or feminine, even for words that have no such designations in other languages.
0 out of 2 points

Question 4

In an approach-avoidance situation, you are faced with


Answer Correct Answer:

one goal that has good and bad aspects.

Question 5
2 out of 2 points

A primary reinforcer is a stimulus that is reinforcing due to __________; a secondary reinforcer is a stimulus that is reinforcing due to __________ .
Answer Correct Answer:

innate properties; learning

Question 6
2 out of 2 points

Estimates of the length of echoic sensory memory are in the range of ______ seconds, although some estimates run as high as ________.
Answer Correct Answer:

2 - 3; 10 seconds

Question 7
0 out of 2 points

In what way are sensory memory and long-term memory similar?


Answer Correct Answer:

Both have a large capacity.

Question 8
0 out of 2 points

To recall a list of the neurotransmitters serotonin, acetylcholine, norepinephrine, dopamine, and epinephrine, Carlos creates the word SAND-E. His memory technique is an example of
Answer Correct Answer:

coding.

Question 9
2 out of 2 points

A young woman is a participant in a study of emotion. She was connected to an EEG, which shows the activity of the left and right hemispheres separately. If the EEG reveals a high level of activation in the right hemisphere, which of the following is most likely to have occurred?
Answer Correct Answer:

She was just given a jar of a foul smelling substance to smell.

Question 10
2 out of 2 points

Steve was recalling his first day in college, including walking into the wrong class, dropping his books as he left, and the long line at the registrar's office he encountered when he had to switch classes. These memories are examples of
Answer Correct Answer:

episodic memory.

Question 11
2 out of 2 points

Learning to connect the color red with the verbal label is an example of
Answer Correct Answer:

paired-associate learning.

Question 12
2 out of 2 points

What characteristic is often associated with bulimia but not anorexia?


Answer Correct Answer:

weight constancy

Question 13
2 out of 2 points

What is a key element of systematic desensitization?


Answer Correct Answer:

relaxation

Question 14
2 out of 2 points

What cues can overshadow the literal meaning of the words we speak?
Answer Correct Answer:

nonverbal communication

Question 15
2 out of 2 points

According to Robert Plutchik's model, fear and surprise yield awe. What does this tell us about his model?
Answer Correct Answer:

The multitude of emotions can be described as combinations of basic emotions.


2 out of 2 points

Question 16

Gestures are prime examples of


Answer Correct Answer:

body language.

Question 17
2 out of 2 points

Insight learning and latent learning demonstrate the role of _______ in basic learning processes.
Answer Correct Answer:

cognition

Question 18
2 out of 2 points

The "aha!" experience is known as


Answer Correct Answer:

insight learning.

Question 19
2 out of 2 points

The initial weight loss that occurs when we start a diet is often due to
Answer Correct Answer:

loss of water.

Question 20
0 out of 2 points

What is the capacity of short-term memory?


Answer Correct Answer:

seven, plus or minus two chunks

Question 21
0 out of 2 points

How many different facial expressions convey anger?


Answer Correct Answer:

60

Question 22
2 out of 2 points

Information selected from sensory memory is transferred to


Answer Correct Answer:

short-term memory.

Question 23
2 out of 2 points

Coding is a technique people use to help them remember items by


Answer Correct Answer:

making them more meaningful.

Question 24
0 out of 2 points

The tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) phenomenon is to semantic memory as flashbulb memories are to


Answer Correct Answer:

episodic memory.

Question 25
2 out of 2 points

A cycle of binge eating followed by purging is called


Answer Correct Answer:

bulimia nervosa.

Question 26
2 out of 2 points

A researcher interested in cognitive dissonance decides to conduct an observational study of men who regularly spend time at a cigar store. What is this researcher likely to find that is relevant to her interest?
Answer Correct Answer:

During passionate discussions, the men refuted medical research findings on smoking.
2 out of 2 points

Question 27

How to start a lawn mower engine and how to change the oil in a car are examples of memories stored in
Answer Correct Answer:

procedural memory.

Question 28
2 out of 2 points

What is the immediate goal of the treatment of anorexia nervosa?


Answer Correct Answer:

resumption of eating to gain weight

Question 29
2 out of 2 points

A negative reinforcer is a stimulus that is __________ and thus __________ the probability of a response.
Answer Correct Answer:

removed; increases

Question 30
2 out of 2 points

A positive reinforcer is a stimulus that is __________ and thus __________ the probability of a response.
Answer Correct Answer:

presented; increases

Question 31
2 out of 2 points

Most tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) experiences involve


Answer Correct Answer:

semantic memory.

Question 32
0 out of 2 points

What criticism of the James-Lange theory of emotions is evident in the case of the father who shot his daughter?
Answer Correct Answer:

We can experience emotions quicker than the theory suggests.

Question 33
0 out of 2 points

What have researchers found when they compared emotional expression in men and women?
Answer Correct Answer:

Women exhibit a greater degree of facial expressivity.

Question 34
2 out of 2 points

In humans, pheromones have been tentatively linked to


Answer Correct Answer:

menstrual synchrony.

Question 35
0 out of 2 points

What are you confronted with in an approach-approach conflict?


Answer Correct Answer:

two desirable goals

Question 36
0 out of 2 points

According to Clark Hull, what occurs each time a behavior results in drive reduction?
Answer Correct Answer:

the strength of the habit or tendency to perform the behavior increases

Question 37
0 out of 2 points

Ted tries to remember the parts of the brain by associating each of them with a location on his walk from the dorm to the classroom. Ted is using a technique that has roots that can traced back to
Answer Correct Answer:

ancient Greek orators.

Question 38
2 out of 2 points

What did Darwin view as the purpose of emotions?


Answer Correct Answer:

to convey information that helps organisms adapt

Question 39
2 out of 2 points

In an avoidance-avoidance situation, you must choose between


Answer Correct Answer:

two unpleasant alternatives.

Question 40
2 out of 2 points

According to Abraham Maslow's hierarchy, which needs must be met first?


Answer Correct Answer:

physiological

Question 41
2 out of 2 points

What aspect of communication is involved when you vary the tone of your voice but not the specific words you speak?
Answer Correct Answer:

paralanguage

Question 42
2 out of 2 points

As a class assignment you are required to collect advertising slogans and describe how they may be relevant to concepts in psychology. You select the Jello slogan, "There's always room for Jello" and describe in class how it is relevant to one of the theories of motivation. Which theory?
Answer Correct Answer:

incentive

Question 43
0 out of 2 points

Mark would be most likely to fail to recognize the true emotional expression of which individual?
Answer Correct Answer:

Deb, who lost her dog

Question 44
2 out of 2 points

Drive theories of motivation view hunger as a __________, whereas incentive theories focus on the _________ food.
Answer Correct Answer:

physiological need pushing us to behave; attractive properties of

Question 45
2 out of 2 points

What do we call learning that has taken place but is not demonstrated?
Answer

Correct Answer:

latent learning

Question 46
2 out of 2 points

What happens to information during the encoding stage of the information processing system?
Answer Correct Answer:

The information is transduced so it can be used and stored.

Question 47
0 out of 2 points

How many types of memory do Fergus Craik and Robert Lockhart propose we have?
Answer Correct Answer:

one

Question 48
2 out of 2 points

Sheila is driving home for Thanksgiving break. What is the main reason she would have difficulty remembering the name of the trucking firm listed on the side of the truck she just passed?
Answer Correct Answer:

Unless she pays attention, such information will quickly fade from memory.
0 out of 2 points

Question 49

How does Robert Plutchik's model account for hostility?


Answer Correct Answer:

It is a combination of anger and disgust.

Question 50
0 out of 2 points

Mary was bitten by a dog. Now she fears the dog that bit her as well as other dogs. What aspect of classical conditioning is illustrated in what happened to Mary?
Answer Correct Answer:

generalization
Friday, October 26, 2012 12:33:45 PM EDT

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