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THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

INTRODUCTION
Thailand Energy Statistics 2012(preliminary) is conducted by the Department of Alternative
Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE), Ministry of Energy. The report is aimed to
disseminate key of Thailand Energy Statistics to Government agencies, private sector and
interested people.
Thailand Energy Statistics 2012(preliminary) is used as a tool to indicate Thailand Energy
Situation on data energy production, import, export, transformation, and consumption in
calendar year 2012.
DEDE would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere appreciation to all
government agencies and state enterprises as well as energy production and distribution
companies for their excellent co-operation in providing useful data information for this
publication.

Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency


2012 (preliminary)

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

CONTENTS

2555 ()
2555 ()

2555 ()

2555 ()

I
II
V
VIII

ABBREVIATIONS
ENERGY SITUATION SUMMARY IN THAILAND 2012 (Thai)
ENERGY SITUATION SUMMARY IN THAILAND 2012 (English)
COMMERCIAL, RENEWABLE ENERGY AND OTHER
FLOW CHART 2012 (Thai)
IX COMMERCIAL, RENEWABLE ENERGY AND OTHER
FLOW CHART 2012 (English)

2555 ()
2555 ()

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS


1
6

ENERGY SITUATION IN THAILAND 2012 (Thai)


ENERGY SITUATION IN THAILAND 2012 (English)

11 STATISTICAL TABLES

12

TABLE 1

()
2

(physical unit)

13

TABLE 2

()
3

14

TABLE 3

15

TABLE 4

16

TABLE 5

17

TABLE 6

18

TABLE 7

19

TABLE 8

20
21
22
23

()

TABLE 11 PERCENTAGE OF FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION


TABLE 12 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION
BY ECONOMIC SECTORS

24

()
14

TABLE 10 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY TYPE

BY TYPE

13

FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY TYPE

(ktoe)

12

TABLE 9

(physical unit)

()
11

EXPORTS OF ENERGY BY TYPE


(ktoe)

()
10

EXPORTS OF ENERGY BY TYPE


(physical unit)

()
9

IMPORTS OF ENERGY BY TYPE


(ktoe)

()
8

IMPORTS OF ENERGY BY TYPE


(physical unit)

()
7

DOMESTIC PRODUCTION OF PRIMARY ENERGY


(ktoe)

()
6

DOMESTIC PRODUCTION OF PRIMARY ENERGY


(physical unit)

()
5

TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY BY TYPE


(ktoe)

()
4

TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY BY TYPE

TABLE 13 ENERGY CONSUMPTION FOR MANUFACTURING


SECTOR BY TYPE (physical unit)

25

TABLE 14 ENERGY CONSUMPTION FOR MANUFACTURING


SECTOR BY TYPE (ktoe)

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

15

26 TABLE 15 ENERGY CONSUMPTION FOR TRANSPORT SECTOR

16

BY TYPE

27 TABLE 16 TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY

17

PER GDP AND PER POPULATION

28 TABLE 17 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

18

PER GDP AND PER POPULATION

29 TABLE 18 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY THE ECONOMIC SECTORS

19
20

PER GDP BY THE ECONOMIC SECTORS

30 TABLE 19 RELATION OF ECONOMY AND ENERGY


31 TABLE 20 ESTIMATED CO2 EMISSIONS BY TYPE
FROM ENERGY CONSUMPTION

21 //

32 TABLE 21 PRODUCTION / IMPORTS / EXPORTS

22
23
24 /
25

AND CONSUMPTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

33
34
35
35

26
27
28
29
30
31
32

36
36
37
37
38
39
40

35
36 /

39
40
41 2555
42 2553 - 2555
43 2553 - 2555

TABLE 26 VOLUME OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS IMPORTED


TABLE 27 CIF VALUES OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS IMPORTED
TABLE 28 VOLUME OF PETROLEUM EXPORTED
TABLE 29 VOLUME OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS EXPORTED
TABLE 30 OFFICIAL REFINERY CAPACITY IN THAILAND
TABLE 31 NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR
TABLE 32 TOTAL PETROLEUM PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION

IN BANGKOK

42 TABLE 34 WORLD CRUDE OIL PRICES


43 TABLE 35 SINGAPORE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PRICES
44 TABLE 36 CONSUMPTION / INSTALLATION
AND GENERATION

45 TABLE 37 GDP / ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION

38

TABLE 25 VOLUME AND VALUE OF NATURAL GAS AND

41 TABLE 33 RETAIL PRICES OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

37 /

TABLE 24 VOLUME / VALUE AND PRICE OF CRUDE OIL IMPORTED

BY ECONOMIC SECTORS

34

TABLE 23 PETROLEUM PRODUCTION

LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IMPORTED

33

TABLE 22 RELATION OF ECONOMY AND PETROLEUM

AND ELASTICITY

46
46
47
48
49
50

TABLE 38 ELECTRIC BALANCE OF NATIONAL GRID


TABLE 39 TOTAL ELECTRIC SUPPLY OF NATIONAL GRID
TABLE 40 ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION BY ECONOMIC SECTORS
TABLE 41 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2012
TABLE 42 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2010 - 2012
TABLE 43 ENERGY INDICATORS 2010 - 2012

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

51 CONVERSION FACTORS

FIGURE
15

2545 2555
2

FIGURE 1 COMPARISON OF DOMESTIC PRODUCTION


OF PRIMARY ENERGY BETWEEN 2002 AND 2012

17

FIGURE 2 TRENDS OF IMPORTED ENERGY


BY TYPE

19

FIGURE 3 TRENDS OF EXPORTED ENERGY BY TYPE

21

FIGURE 4 TRENDS OF PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY

AND FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

23

BY ECONOMIC SECTORS

25

26

27

28

FIGURE 9 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION


PER GDP AND PER POPULATION

29

11

FIGURE 8 TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION


PER GDP AND PER POPULATION

10

FIGURE 7 TRENDS OF TRANSPORT


ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY TYPE

FIGURE 6 TRENDS OF MANUFACTURING


ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY TYPE

FIGURE 5 TRENDS OF FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

FIGURE 10 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY THE ECONOMIC


SECTORS PER GDP BY THE ECONOMIC SECTORS

31

FIGURE 11 ESTIMATED CO2 EMISSIONS BY TYPE


FROM ENERGY CONSUMPTION

12

33

13

FIGURE 12 RATIO OF PETROLEUM IMPORTED


TO COMMODITY IMPORTED

33

FIGURE 13 RATIO OF PETROLEUM IMPORTED


TO COMMODITY EXPORTED

14

34

FIGURE 14 PETROLEUM PRODUCTION

15

37

FIGURE 15 YEARLY PETROLEUM

16

AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS EXPORTED

38

17

AND CONSUMPTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

39

18

FIGURE 17 YEARLY NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION


BY SECTOR

40

19

FIGURE 16 COMPARISON OF YEARLY LOCAL PRODUCTION

FIGURE 18 TOTAL PETROLEUM PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION


BY ECONOMIC SECTORS

41

FIGURE 19 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PRICE PER LITRE


IN BANGKOK

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

20

21

22

42
43
44

23

44

2555
2553 - 2555

FIGURE 22 COMPARISON OF NATIONAL GRID INSTALLATION


FIGURE 23 COMPARISON OF NATIONAL GRID
GENERATION AND CONSUMPTION

47

()
25
26

FIGURE 21 SINGAPORE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PRICES


AND PEAK GENERATION

24

FIGURE 20 WORLD CRUDE OIL PRICES

FIGURE 24 ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION BY ECONOMIC SECTORS


(EXCLUDING PRIVATE GENERATION FOR OWN USE )

48
49

FIGURE 25 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2012


FIGURE 26 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2010 - 2012

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

(103 )
(103 )
(103 )

91
95

ABBREVIATIONS
BARREL
bbl
BILLION CUBIC FEET
BCF
BARREL PER DAY
bpd
BRITISH THERMAL UNIT
Btu
METHANE
CH4
CARBON MONOXIDE
CO
CARBON DIOXIDE
CO2
DEDE DEPARTMENT OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT AND EFFICIENCY
DEPARTMENT OF MINERAL FUELS
DMF
DOPA DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATION
DPIM DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES AND MINES
THE CUSTOMS DEPARTMENT
CD
ESTIMATED DATA
e
EGAT ELECTRICITY GENERATING AUTHORITY OF THAILAND
FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION
FGD
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
GDP
GJ
GIGAJOULE (109 JOULES)
GIGAWATT - HOUR
Gwh
HIGH SPEED DIESEL
HSD
kcal
KILOCALORIE (103 CALORIES)
kg
KILOGRAM (103 GRAMS)
kgoe
KILOGRAM OF OIL EQUIVALENT (103 GRAMS OF OIL EQUIVALENT)
ktoe
KILO TON OF OIL EQUIVALENT (103 TONS OF OIL EQUIVALENT)
kWh
KILOWATT - HOUR (103 WATT-HOURS)
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS
LPG
LOW SPEED DIESEL
LSD
MJ
MEGAJOULE (106 JOULES)
MMscf MILLION STANDARD CUBIC FEET
MMscfd MILLION STANDARD CUBIC FEET PER DAY
MSW MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE
Mtoe MILLION TONS OF OIL EQUIVALENT (106 TONS OF OIL EQUIVALENT)
MW
MEGAWATT (106 WATTS)
NOT AVAILABLE
n.a.
NESDB OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT BOARD
NATURAL GASOLINE
NGL
NATURAL GAS FOR VEHICLES
NGV
NITROGEN OXIDE
NOx
REVISED
r
PRELIMINARY DATA
p
RENEWABLE ENERGY
RE
RESIDENTIAL
RES.
COM. COMMERCIAL
SULPHUR DIOXIDE
SO2
TJ
TERAJOULE (1012 JOULES)
TON OF OIL EQUIVALENT
toe
ULG 91 UNLEADED GASOLINE RESEARCH OCTANE NUMBER 91
ULG 95 UNLEADED GASOLINE RESEARCH OCTANE NUMBER 95

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

2555(

2555

3.9

90,0000
80,0000
70,0000
60,0000
50,0000
40,0000
30,0000
20,0000
10,0000
0

(
2531)*

5,,000,000

4,,000,000
3,,000,000
2,,000,000
1,000,000
0
25553

p
25555

2554



48.00


18.9 10.55 7.9 7.7 7.0

48.0%
18.9%

2554

()

25555

2554

25555

()

70,248

70,562

73,316

0.4

3.9

/ 7.9%

56,829

57,424

59,9556

1.0

4.4

*7.7%

32,096

33,067

35,1887

3.0

6.4

12,724

12,671

13,861

(0.4)

9.4

8,240

7,201

5,7994

(12.6)

(199.5)

7.0%

(
)
2553

**10.5%

- /

10,0000 20,000 30,,000 40,000 50,000


3,769

4,485

5,114

19.0

144.0

4,534

4,556

5,6335

0.5

233.7


**

8,885

8,582

7,7225

(3.4)

(100.0)

**

36.7



35.6
3 15.1 7.2 5.2

(
)

2553
1.
2. *
3.

4.
5.

2
2554

2555p

()

2554

2555p

3,499

3
3,686

3,790

5.3

2.8

25,571
10,963

244,856
11,040

26,910
11,083

(2.8)
0.7

8.3
0.4

5,621

5
5,511

5,303

(2.0)

(3.8)

24,594

255,469

26,230

3.6

3.0

70,248

700,562

73,316

0.4

3.9

15.1%

35.8%

7.2%

5.2%

36.7~

II

THAILAND ENER
RGY STATISSTICS 20122

II



(
)


15

25%% 10 (.. 2555--2564)


2555 14.3 9.9

(
)
p
2555
2555p
4455
22.3

(
)

11.
(
(


)
2
2.
(
)

3
3.

4
4.

5
5.

2553
304

2554
372

4,443

5,129

5,7718

11.55

329
331
475
547
5,551 6,379
6
70,248 700,562
7.9
9.0

3364
7755
7,2292
73,3316
99.9

10.00
38.0
14.33
3.99
-

6.2 78.4 115.4

78.4 %
5.0%
5

10.4%
6.2%

III

1,000

2
2,000

3,0000

4,000

5,000

6,000

7,,000

THAILAAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

III


20 (.. 2554 - 2573) (energy
intensity)
25 2573 2548


(Energy Intensity) .. 2555
1.1 .. 2548
2553

2554

2555p

124,302
9.2
70,248
5.3

127,926
2.9
70,562
0.4

130,848
2.3
73,316
3.9

15.28

15.34

14.97

25,571
6.3
10,963
8.7
5,621
13.8
24,594
1.9
3,499
0.6

24,856
(2.8)
11,040
0.7
5,511
(2.0)
25,469
3.6
3,686
5.3

26,910
8.3
11,083
0.4
5,303
(3.8)
26,230
3.0
3,790
2.8

1. ( )

/ (%)
2. ()
/ (%)
3.
( /)
4. ( )
5.
6.

7.
8.

/ (%)
( )
/ (%)
( )
/ (%)
( )
/ (%)
( )
/ (%)

..............................................................................

IV

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

IV

ENERGYY SITUATIONN SUMMAR


RY IN THAILLAND 20122 (preliminary)

Thailands final
f energyy consumpttion in 20122 increased 3.9% from the previouus year.
GDP (AT 19888 PRICES)
Final Energyy Consumption

ktoe
90,0000
80,0000
70,0000
60,0000
50,0000
40,0000
30,0000
20,0000
10,0000
0

m
million
Baht

5,,000,000

4,,000,000
3,,000,000
2,,000,000
1,000,000
0

p
20110
2011
2012
* Office of The Natioonal Economic and Sociall Developmennt Board

Petroleum products coonsumptionn played thee greatest proportion 48.0% of thhe total finaal
energy consumption, followedd by electrricity, traditioonal renewable energy, coal & itts products,
commercial renew
wable energy and naatural gas shared 18.9%, 10.5%, 7.9%, 7.7%% and 7.0%%
respecttively.
QUANTITY
FINA
AL ENERGY
CONNSUMPTION

2010

Final Energy Consumption

70,248

Commercial Energy

56,829

Petroleum
m Products 48.0%
Electricity 18.9%%
Traaditional Renewablee Energy**10.5%

2011

(%)
p

2012

2011

20012

70,562

73,316

0.4

3.9

57,424

59,9556

1.0

4.4
6.4

Coal & its Products 7.9%

- Petroleum Products

32,096

33,067

35,1887

3.0

Renew
wable Energy* 7.7%

- Electrricity

12,724

12,671

13,861

(0.4)

9.4

8,240

7,201

5,7994

(12.6)

(199.5)

- Coal & Its Products

Naturaal Gas 7.0%

GROWTH
H

(ktoe)

- Naturral Gas

10,0000 20,000 30,,000 40,000 50,000 ktoe

3,769

4,485

5,114

19.0

144.0

Renewable Energy

4,534

4,556

5,6335

0.5

233.7

Traditionall Renewable Energy

8,885

8,582

7,7225

(3.4)

(100.0)

* Including solar, fuel wood, charcoal, paddy husk, bagassee, agricultural waste, MSW and biogas.
** Including fuel wood, charcoal, padddy husk and agricultuural waste.

For final energy conssumption by


b economic sector, the greatesst share of 36.7% wass
from energy connsumed in industrial sector,
s
folloowed by transportatiion sector, residentiaal
sector, commerciaal sector and agricuultural sector sharedd 35.6%, 15.1%, 7.2% and 5.2%%
respecttively.
FINAL ENERGY
CONSUM
MPTION BY
ECONOMIC SECTOR

GROWTH
(%)

QUAANTITY
(ktoe)
2010

2011

2012p

2011

2012p

3,499

3
3,686

3,790

5.3

2.8

2. Industry *

25,571

244,856

26,910

(2.8)

8.3

3. Residential

10,963

11,040

11,083

0.7

0.4

4. Commerciaal

5,621

5
5,511

5,303

(2.0)

(3.8)

5. Transportaation

24,594

255,469

26,230

3.6

3.0

Tootal

70,248

700,562

73,316

0.4

3.9

1. Agriculture

Residential
15.1%

Transportaation
35.8%

Commercial
7.2%

AAgriculture
5.2%

Industry*
36.7~

* Including minning, manufactuuring and consttruction.

II

THAILAND ENER
RGY STATISSTICS 20122

II

Thhe use of domestic alternative energy suuch as solaar energy, wind eneergy, hydroo
energy,, biomass, biogas, MSW
M
and biofuel (ethhanol and biodiesel), driven byy the new
w
Alternattive Energyy Developmeent Plan for 25% in 100 Years (AEDP : 2012-2021), increeased 14.3%%
from the previous year and sharing
s
9.9%% of the total final energy consum
mption.

ALTER
RNATIVE ENERGY CONSUM
MPTION

1. Electricityy

QUANTITY
Q
(ktoe)
2010
2011 20012 p
304
372
455

GRO
OWTH
(%%)
20012p
222.3

(Solar, Wind, Hydro, Biom


mass, MSW annd Biogas)

2. Heat

4,443

5,129

55,718

111.5

329
331
475
547
Tootal
5,551 6,379
4. Final eneergy consumpption
70,248 70,562
5. Percentage of alternaative energy consumptionn
7.9
9.0

364
755
7,,292
733,316
9.9

100.0
388.0
144.3
3.9
-

(Solar, Biom
mass, MSW annd Biogas)

3. Biofuel
- Ethanool
- Biodiessel

Consumptioon of electricity enerrgy, heat/tthermal energy, and biofuel (ethanol andd


energy shhared 6.2%%, 78.4%, and 15.4%%
biodieseel) produceed from domestic
d
a
alternative
respecttively.

Heat 78.4%
Ethanol 5.00%
Biodiessel 10.4%
Electricity
6.2%

III

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

ktoe
6
6,000

THAILAND ENER
RGY STATISSTICS 20122

III

As a result of the Thai Governments policy on energy efficiency especially Thailands


National Energy Conservation Plan of 2010 2030 to meet the increasing energy efficiency
target on Energy Intensity (EI) reduction in 2030 by 25% from year 2010, which provides
financial assistance and incentives for projects related to energy conservation, renewable
energy, research and development, as well as public awareness promotion and training on
energy efficiency in 2012 improved significantly as energy intensity decreased 1.1% from year
2005.
2010

2011

2012p

124,302
9.2
70,248
5.3
15.28
25,571
6.3
10,963
8.7
5,620
13.8
24,594
1.9
3,499
0.6

127,926
2.9
70,562
0.4
15.34
24,856
(2.8)
11,040
0.7
5,511
(2.0)
25,469
3.6
3,686
5.3

130,848
2.3
73,316
3.9
14.97
26,910
8.3
11,083
0.4
5,303
(3.8)
26,230
3.0
3,790
2.8

Energy Indicators
1. Primary Energy Supply (ktoe)
Growth (%)
2. Final Energy Consumption (ktoe)
Growth (%)
3. Energy Intensity (ktoe / thousand million Baht)
4. Final Energy Consumption in Industry (ktoe)
Growth (%)
5. Final Energy Consumption in Residential (ktoe)
Growth (%)
6. Final Energy Consumption in Commercial (ktoe)
Growth (%)
7. Final Energy Consumption in Transportation (ktoe)
Growth (%)
8. Final Energy Consumption in Agriculture (ktoe)
Growth (%)

..............................................................................

IV

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

IV

2555()
:

9,910

2,030
7,825

42,992

4,430

35,836

7,411

934

77,077

238
4,801

(3,120)

69,733

13,245

1,261

2,663
11,640
95
1,499

143,690
12,842
130,848

238
1,119
(247)

445,746

2,837

48,560

13,322

7,825

15,586

(9,860)

5,722

13,861

5,794

35,187

8,535

73,316
38,735

10,262

5,114

5,635
7,725

26,230

3,790

26,673

73,316

11,083
5,303
237

1.
2.
3.

VIII

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

VIII

COMMERCIAL, RENEWABLE ENERGY AND OTHER FLOW CHART 2012

(preliminary)

UNIT : THOUSAND TONS OF OIL EQUIVALENT

BIOFUEL 1,261
OTHER 238

DOMESTIC PRODUCTION OF

STOCK CHANGE (3,120)

IMPORTS 69,733

HYDRO & OTHERS 2,030


RENEWABLE ENERGY 7,825

NATURAL GAS 9,910

CONDENSATE 4,430

CRUDE OIL
42,992

CRUDE OIL 7,411

ELECTRICITY 934

TRADITIONAL RE
13,245

LIGNITE 4,801

NATURAL GAS
35,836

PRIMARY ENERGY 77,077

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 2,663


COAL & ITS PRODUCTS 11,640
TRADITIONAL RE 95
CONDENSATE 1,499

ENERGY AVAILABILITY 143,690


EXPORTS 12,842
TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY 130,848

OTHER 238
BIOFUEL 1,119
NGL (247)

45,746

ELECTRICITY 2,837

CRUDE OIL 48,560

TRADITIONAL RE 13,322

NATURAL GAS

RENEWABLE ENERGY 7,825

COAL & ITS PRODUCTS 15,586


CONDENSATE 5,722

35,187

ELECTRICITY 13,861

73,316
PRODUCTS

NON-ENERGY USES 8,835

FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

PETROLEUM

OWN USES & LOSSES 10,262

TRANSFORMATION 38,735

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS (9,860)

NATURAL GAS 5,114


COMMERCIAL RE 5,635
TRADITIONAL RE 7,725
COAL & ITS PRODUCTS 5,794

FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

Notes :

26,230

26,673

TRANSPORTATION

AGRICULTURE 3,790

MANUFACTURING

BY SECTOR 73,316

RESIDENTIAL 11,083
COMMERCIAL 5,303
CONSTRUCTION & MINING 237

1. Petroleum products exclude bitumen, naphtha, and lubricants.


2. Hydro & Others include hydro, geothermal, solar cell, and wind power.
3. Other include black liquor and residual gas.

IX

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

IX


25555()

2555

73,316

3.9
1,798


81.8

7.7

10.5

2555p

599,956




()

(
)
44.4

2553
2554
2555p 2554 2555p

355,187
(
)
70,248
70,562
73,316
0.4
0
3.9
6.44
56,829
57,424
59,956
1.1
4.4

13,861
-

32,096
33,067
35,187
3.3
3
6.4
-
12,724
12,671
13,861
(0..4)
9.4
9.4 /
- /

8,240
7,201
5,794 (12.6) (19.5)
5,794
-
3,769
4,485
5,114
199.0
14.0
19.5
4,534
4,556
5,635
0.5
0
23.7

5,,114
8,885
8,582
7,725
(3.
(10.0)

p.4)
14.00
2553

48.0%
)
18.9%
5 , 6 3 5

10.5%


23.7
(
/
7.9%

7.7%
) 7,725
7

7.0%
10.0


0
5,0000 10,000 155,000 20,000 25,000 30,0000 35,000

48..0


/
18.9 10.5
1 7.9 7.7
7.0


2555

(
)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

()

25553

2554

2555p

2554

2555
2 p

3,4499
25,5571
10,9963
5,6621
24,5594
70,2248

3,686
24,856
11,040
5,511
25,469
70,562

3,790
26,910
11,083
5,303
26,230
73,316

5.3
(2.8)
0.7
(2.0)
3.6
0.4

2.8
8.3
0.4
(3.8)
3.0
3.9

THAILANDD ENERGY SSTATISTICS 2012


2555p

5.22%
3,790

35.8%
2.8

26,910

36.7%

8.3 11,0833
7.2%
0.4
15.1%

5,303

3.8 26,230


3.0
3

26,6733
1
120
117

36.7
3 p :

355.8 15.1 7.2
5.2

77,077
7


7.1

70.7
29.33


25555p

54,5508

8.7
8

()
()

7,411

p
2
2553
2554
2555
2
554
2555p

8.1

()
722,144 71,960
77,077
(0.3)
(
7.1
4,801

499,613
50,161
54,508
1.1
8.7

19.9
-
7
7,641
6,859
7,411
(110.2)
8.1
35,836


-
4
4,966
5,992
4,801
20.7
(19.9)
-
311,407
31,310
35,836
(0.3)
(
14.5
14.5 4,430

4
4,368
4,183
4,430
(4.2)
(
5.9

-
*
1,231
1,817
2,030
47.6
11.7

5.9
6
6,249
6,623
7,825
6.0
18.2

**
2,030

14
4,882
14,045
13,245
(5.6)
(
(5.7)

***
11.77

834
919
1,261
10.2
37.2

566
212
238 (662.5)
12.3

25555p
7,825

18.2

46.5%
17.2%
(

10.2%%
9.6%
) 13,245
6.2%%

5.7
5

5.8%

2.6%

1,2 61
1.66%

0.3%

37.2 2 38
0
10,0000
20,0000
30,0000
40,,000

12.3
*


**

***

p :

TH
HAILAND ENNERGY STAATISTICS 20012

69,733
8.2

999.9

0.1

2555p

()


-
-

-
-

699, 6 3 8

8.11

42,992
8.5 11,6400


11.9
2,6633


28.6 9,9100


1.7

1,4999


8.0 934
2.66

(
) 9 5
20.3

()

()

2
2555

25544

2555p

2553

2554

65,113
65,052

64,473
64,394

699,733
699,638

(1.0)
(1.0)

8.2
8.1

40,734
10,669
161
11,385
1,482
621
61

39,637
10,402
2,071
9,744
1,630
910
79

422,992
111,640
2
2,663
9
9,910
1
1,499
934
95

(2.7))
(2.5)
1,186.33
(14.4))
10.00
46.55
29.55

8.5
11.9
28.6
1.7
(8.0)
2.6
20.3

25555p

61.7%

16.7%
14.2%
3.88%
2.2%

1.3%

* 0.1%
0

5,000 10,000 15,000


1
20,000 25,000 30,000 355,000 40,000 45,000

25555p

12,8842





14.7

98.1

1.9

()

()

-

-

-
-
-


*
**

2553

2554

2555p

25554

2555p

12,097
12,052

11,195
11,078

12,842
12,599

(7..5)
(8.1)

14.7
13.7

10,327
1,471
138
103
13
9

9,142
1,637
140
155
4
13

10,112
2,125
127
228
7
18

(11.5)
11.3
1..4
500.5
(699.2)
444.4

10.6
29.8
(9.3)
47.1
75.0
38.5

36

104

225

1888.9

116.3

**
p :

TH
HAILAND ENNERGY STAATISTICS 2012

2555p

12,599


13.7

1


10,112
10.6 2,125
2 9 . 8

228

47.1
4 7
75.0
127
9.3


( ) 18
38.5

225
2
2555p

15.6%

0.2%
10.3%

12.6%

14.77%

46.6%

78.7%
16.5%%

1.0%

** 1.8%
0.1%
* 0.1%

1.8%

2,0000 4,000 6,000


6
8,000 10,000 12,0000 14,000

*
**
p :

2555

8
11,094,500
6

2,6600

..

1 1200

2555



46.6
4
15.6 14.7 12.6 100.3 0.22

2555p

25555

63.8

/
/ 27.7


1.6

) (

)
6.9

/ 1.6%

6.9%

27.7%

63.8%

TH
HAILAND ENNERGY STAATISTICS 2012
2



( )

25555

7,2922
14.3


( )

9.9

2555p

(

)

1. 1/

()

2553

2
2554

25555p

2555p

304

372

4555

22.3

4,443

5
5,129

5,7118

11.5

804
329
475
5,551

878
331
547
6,379

1,1119
3664
7555
7,2992

27.44
10.0
38.0
14.3

(

)
2
2 2/
2.

3
3.

-
-

) 455
4
5,718


364
755

2555p
788.4%
10.3%

6.2%
5.1%
0

1,,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

6,000

7,0000

1//
(off grid)
2/

(off grid)
p :

------------------------------------------------------

THAILAND
T
E
ENERGY
STAATISTICS 2012
2

ENERGY SIITUATION INN THAILANDD 2012 (prelimminary)


Thaailands finaal energy consumptioon in 20122 was 73,3166 ktoe, an inncrease of 3.9%
3 from thee
previous yeaar. The total value
v
of final energy consumption was 1,798 billion Baht.
B
Commercial energyy consumptionn
was shared 81.8% of the total final ennergy consum
mption while the rest 7.7% and 10.5% was renewablee energy andd
traditional renewable energy. Details of
o energy situuation are as follows :
Final Enerrgy Consumption by Fuel Type 2012p
QUANTITY
(ktoe)

FINAAL ENERGY
CONSSUMPTION

20100

2011

GROWTH
(%)
2012p

2011

Final Energy Coonsumptionn


by Fuel Type

2012p

Total final commerciaal


Final Energyy Consumptionn
70,248 70,562 73,316
0.4
3.99
energyy
consumption
wass
56,8299 57,424 59,956
1.1
4.44
59,956 ktoe, an increase of 4.4%%
Commerrcial Energy
from thhe previous year. Of thiss
- Petroleum Produucts 32,0966 33,067 35,187
3.3
6.44
amount, petroleum
m productss
- Eleectricity
12,7244
12,671
13,861
(0.4)
9.44
consum
mption totaalled 35,1877
- Cooal & Its Produucts
8,2400
7,201
5,794 (112.6) (19.5)
ktoe, inncreased 6.44%, electricityy
- Naatural Gas
3,7699 4,485
5,114
19.0
14.00
13,861 ktoe, increassed 9.4%, coaal
4,5344 4,556 5,635
0.5
23.77
Renew
wable Energy
& its products 5,794 ktoe,
8,582
(3 p
(10.0)
Traditioonal
RE8,885

5
7,725
255(3.4)
increassed 19.5% andd natural gass
Final Enerrgy Consumpption by Fuel Type 2012p
5,114 ktoe, increeased 14.0%,
while rrenewable energy (solar,
Petroleum Products 48.0%
fuel w
wood, charccoal, paddyy
Electricity 18.9%%
husk, bagasse, agriculturaal
Traditionaal RE. 10.5%
waste, MSW and biogas)
Coal & its Prooducts 7.9%
consum
mption
5,6635
ktoe,
increased 23.7%, as well ass
Renewable Ennergy 7.7%
traditionnal renewaable energyy
Natural Gas 7.00%
(fuel w
wood, charccoal, paddyy
husk and agriculltural waste)
0
5,0000 10,000 15,000 20,000 255,000 30,000 355,000 40,000 ktoe
k
7,725 kktoe, decreassed 10.0%.
How
wever, petroleeum productss consumptioon played thee greatest prooportion 48.00% of the totaal final energyy
consumptionn, followed by
b electricity, traditional reenewable energy, coal & its productss, renewable energy andd
natural gas shared 18.9%%, 10.5%, 7.9% 7.7% and 7.00% respectivelyy.
Final Ennergy Consum
mption by Economic Sectoor 2012p
FFINAL ENERG
GY
CO
ONSUMPTIONN BY
ECCONOMIC SECCTOR
1.Aggriculture
2.Inndustry *
3.R
Residential
4.CCommercial
5.TTransportationn
Total

QUANTITY

GROWTH
H

(ktoe)

(%)
p

2011

2012
2 p

3,499 3,686 3,790


25,5571 24,856 26,910
10,963 11,040 11,083
5,6621
5,511 5,303
24,594 25,469 26,230
70,248 70,562 73,316

5.3
(2.8)
0.7
(2.0)
3.6
0.4

2.8
8.3
0.4
(3.8)
3.0
3.9

20010

2011

2012

* Including mining, manufacturing


m
annd construction.

THAILAND
T
E
ENERGY
STTATISTICS 2012

Final Energy Consuumption byy Economicc


Sector

Final Energy Conssumption by Economic Seector 2012p

Agricultural
Transportation
Indusstrial*
Foor final energy conssumption byy
5.22%
35.8%
economic sector whhich comprises energyy
366.7%
consumed inn agricultural sector amouunted to 3,7900
ktoe, an inccrease of 2.8% from the previous
p
yearr,
7.2%
industrial seector (includinng manufactturing, miningg
15.1%
and construuction) 26,9110 ktoe, inccreased 8.3%%,
Commercial
Residentiaal
residential sector
s
11,083 ktoe, inccreased 0.4%%, * Includingg manufacturing (266,673 ktoe), mining ((117 ktoe) and coonstruction (120 ktoee).
commercial sector 5,3003 ktoe, deccreased 3.8% p : preliminaary data
and transpoortation sectorr 26,230 ktoee, increased 3.0%.
3
Of this total, the greeatest share of 36.7% wass from energyy
consumed in
i industrial sector, follow
wed by trannsportation sector,
s
resideential sector,, commercial sector andd
agricultural sector
s
sharedd 35.8%, 15.1%%, 7.2% and 5.2% respectiveely.

Energy Production
Eneergy productiion in 2012 was
w 77,077 ktoe, an incrrease of 7.1%% from the pprevious yearr. Commerciaal
energy prodduction contributed 70.7%% of the totaal energy prroduction andd renewable energy & other
o
energyy
p
contributed 29.3%.
Eneergy Production by Fuel TType 2012
Total comm
mercial enerrgy
QUANTITTY
GROWTH
(ktoe)
(%)
production was 54,508 ktoe, an
ENNERGY PRODUCCTION
p
2
2010
2011
2012
2011
2
2012p
increase off 8.7% from the previoous
Energyy Production
722,143 71,960 77,077
(0.3)
(
7.1
year. Of thiss amount, thee production of
499,613 50,161 54,508
1.1
8.7
mmercial Energyy
crude oil was
w 7,411 ktoe,
k
increassed Com
- Crude Oil
7
7,641
6,859
7,411 (110.2)
8.1
8.1%, natural gas 35,836 ktoe, increassed
- Lignite
4
4,966
5,992
4,801
20.7
(19.9)
14.5%, coondensate 4,430 ktooe,
- Natural Gas
31,407 31,310 35,836
(0.3)
(
14.5
increased 5.9%,
5
and hyydro & otheers
- Condensate
4
4,368
4,183
4,430
(4.2)
(
5.9
(geothermal,, solar cell annd wind pow
wer)
- Hydro and Otthers*
1
1,231
1,817
2,030
47.6
4
11.7
2,030 ktoe, increased 11.7%, while lignnite
5
5,663
6,623
7,825
17.0
18.2
Rennewable Energyy**
production was
w 4,801 ktoe,
k
decreassed
155,467 14,045 13,245
(9.2)
(
(5.7)
Traaditional RE****
19.9%.
834
919
1,261
10.2
37.2
Bioffuel
Thee total production
p
of
566
212
238 (662.5)
12.3
Otheer
renewable energy (solaar, fuel woood,
charcoal, paaddy husk, bagasse, aggricultural
Energgy Productionn by Fuel Type 2012p
waste, MSW
W and bioggas) was 7,8825
Naturral Gas 46.5%
Traditional RE
R 17.2%
ktoe, incrreased 18.2%, traditioonal
Reneewable Energy 10.22%
Crudee Oil 9.6%
renewable energy
e
(fuel wood, charccoal,
Lignite 6.22%
Condensatee 5.7%
paddy husk and agriculttural waste) was
w
Hydro and Otherrs 2.6%
Biofuel 1.6%
13,245 ktoe,, decreased 5.7%, as well as
O
Other
0.3%
biofuel was 1,261 ktoe, increased 377.2%
0
10,0000
20,0000
30,,000
400,000 ktoe
and other (black
(
liquor & residual gas)
g
238 ktoe, inccreased 12.3%%.
* Others include geothermal,, solar cell, and wind power.
p
** Incluuding solar, fuel wood, charcoal, paddy huskk, bagasse, agriculturaal waste, MSW and bioogas.
*** Inclluding fuel wood, charrcoal, paddy husk andd agricultural waste.
p : preliminary data

TH
HAILAND ENNERGY STAATISTICS 2012

Import
Totaal energy im
mported in 20012 was 69,7733 ktoe, an increase off 8.2% from tthe previous year, almost
energy impoorted was commercial ennergy sharedd 99.9% of the
t total eneergy importedd and the rest
r 0.1% wass
renewable
energy..
Impoort of Energyy by Fuel Typpe 2012p
QUANTITY
(ktoe)

IMPO
ORT OF ENERG
GY

2011

2012p

2011
2

2012p

65,113 64,473
65,052 64,394

69,733
69,638

(1.0)
(1.5)

8.2
8.1

39,637 42,992
(22.7)
10,402 11,640
(22.5)
2,071 2,663 1,1886.3
9,744
9,910 (144.4)
1,630
1,499
10.0
1
910
934
46.5
4
79
95
29.5
2

8.5
11.9
28.6
1.7
(8.0)
2.6
20.3

20100
Import of Energy

Comm
mercial Energyy
- Crude Oil
- Coal
- Petroleum Prodducts
- Natural Gas
- Condensate
- Electricity

Traditional RE*

GROWTH
(%)

40,7344
10,6699
1661
11,385
1,482
6221
6
61

Impport of Energy by Fuel Tyype 2012p


Crude Oil 61.7%
Coal 16.7%
Naatural Gas 14.2%
Petroleum Products 3.8%
Condensate 2.2%%
Electricity 1.3%
T
Traditional
RE*0.1%%

Commercial
energyy
importeed totalled 69,638
6
ktoe,
an incrrease of 8.1% from thee
previous year. Of this amountt,
crude oil imported was 42,9922
ktoe, inncreased 8.55% from thee
previous year, coal 11,640 ktoe,
11.9%
petroleum
m
increaseed
productts 2,663 ktooe, increasedd
28.6%, natural gas 9,910 ktoe,
increaseed 1.7%, electricity 9344
ktoe, increased 2.6%, andd
traditionnal renewaable energyy
(fuel w
wood and charcoal)
c
955
ktoe, increased 20.3%,
2
whilee
condennsate importeed was 1,4999
ktoe, decreased 8.00%.

5,000 10,0000 15,000 20,000 25,000


2
30,000 35,000 40,000 455,000 ktoe

* Incluuding fuel wood and


a charcoal.
p : preeliminary data

Expport of Energgy by Fuel Tyype 2012p


QUANTITY

Export
Totaal energy exxported in
2012 was 12,842 ktoe,
k
an
inecrease of
o 14.7% froom the
previous yeear, almost energy
exported was commercial
energy shared 98.1% off the total
energy expoorted and thee rest 1.9%
was renewable energy.

(ktoe)

EXPORT OF ENERGY
Export of Ennergy
Petroleum Produccts
Crudde Oil
Electricity
Natuural Gasoline
Coal

Traditionall RE*
Bibful **

(%)
p

20110

2012p

(7.5)
(8.1)

14.7
13.7

10,112 (11..5)
2,125 11..3
127
1.44
228 50.5
7 (69.2)
18 44.4

10.6
29.8
(9.3)
47.1
75.0
38.5

2010

2011

2012

12,097
12,052

11,195
11,078
p

12,842
12,599

10,327
1,471
138
103
13
9

9,142
1,637
140
155
4
13

36

104

Commerciaal Energy
Export
of Energy by Fuel Type 2011
-

GROWTH

225

1888.9

116.3

* Including fuel wood and charcoal.


** Including ethanol and biodiesel.
p : preliminary dataa.

TH
HAILAND ENERGY STAATISTICS 2012
2

Export of Energy by Fuel Type 20112p


Com
mmercial ennergy expoorted totalleed
12,599 ktoee, an inecreease of 13.77% from thhe
previous yeaar. Of this am
mount, petrooleum produccts
played a laargest amount with totalling of 10,1112
ktoe, increassed 10.6%, while crude oil exported waas
2,125 ktoe, increased 3.4%,
3
natural gasoline 1555
ktoe, increassed 29.8%, cooal 7 ktoe, inncreased 75.00%
while electricity 127 ktoee, decreasedd 9.3%. As foor
traditional ennergy (charcoal) exportedd was 18 ktoe,
increased 388.5% and bioffuel 225 ktoe, up 2 fold.

Petrooleum Products Productioon 2012p

G
LPG
15.66%

Fuel oil
10.3%

Kerosene
0.2%

DDiesel
46.6%

12.6%
14.77%
Jet fuel
Gasooline

Petroleuum Products 78.7%%


Crude Oil 16.5%
Naatural Gasoline 1.0%%
Bioofuel** 1.8%
Eleectricity 0.1%
Traaditional RE* 0.1%
Coaal 1.8%

2
2,000
4,000 6,000 8,0000 10,000 12,0000 14,000 ktooe

* Including charcoal.
** Includingg ethanol and biodieesel.
p : preliminaary data.

Refining
There are presently 8 refineries in Thailand withh
total capacity
c
of 1,094,500 bpdd. Moreoveer, six naturaal
gas seeparation plannts of totallingg 2,660 MMsscfd, and onee
small size
s for LPG plant gas pprocessing unnit of totallingg
120 MMscfd.
M
In 2012, thhe total petrooleum produccts productionn
from refineries
r
com
mprising dieseel, LPG, gasooline, jet fuel,
fuel oil
o and kerossene sharingg of 46.6%, 15.6%, 14.7%,
12.6%, 10.3% and 0..2% respectiveely.

Fueel Consumptioon for Electriic Generationn 2012p

Fuel Consuumption forr Electric Generation


G
In 2012,
2
natural gas was mainly consumeed
for electric generation
g
shhared 63.8% of
o the total fuuel
consumptionn of electricc generation, followed by
b
coal/lignite 27.7%,
2
fuel oil & diesel 1.6%% and the reest
was renewaable energy & other energy
e
(padddy
husk, bagassse, agricultuural waste, MSW, biogaas,
black liquorr and residual gas froom productioon
processes) shared
s
6.9%.

Renewable
Fuel oil &energy &
Diesel Other
Coal/
C
1.6% energy
6.9%
Lignite
L
27.7%
2

Natural Gas
63.8%

TH
HAILAND ENERGY STAATISTICS 2012
2

Alternativee Energy Coonsumptionn Situation


Thee rapidly incrrease in oil price
p
has ceertainly causeed the countrys supply on alternativve energy too
replace oil. The governnment has im
mplemented measures
m
andd policy to promote thee continuouslyy increase of
alternative energy
e
consuumption, espeecially alternaative energy which
w
can bee produced in the countrry comprisingg
solar energyy, wind enerrgy, hydro ennergy, biomaass, biogas, MSW,
M
and biofuel (ethanool and biodieesel). By thee
year 2012, Thailands
T
altternative eneergy consumption was 7,292 ktoe, ann increase off 14.3% from the previouss
year. Of thiss amount, alternative enerrgy consumpption as electtricity energy, thermal eneergy, and bioofuel (ethanool
and biodieseel) shared 9.99% of the totaal final energyy consumption.
Alternative Energy
E
Consuumption 20122p
ALTERNNATIVE ENERG
GY CONSUMPPTION

QUAANTITY
(kktoe)

GROWTTH
(%)

2010

2
2011

20122p

2012p

304

372

4555

22.3

4,443

5
5,129

5,7118

11.5

804
329
475
5,551

878
331
547
6,379

1,1119
3664
7555
7,2992

27.44
10.0
38.0
14.3

1.Electricity 1//
(Solar, Wind, Hydro, Biomaass, MSW andd Biogas)

22.Heat2/
(Solar, Biomaass, Garbage and
a Biogas)

3 Biofuel
3.
- Ethanol
- Biodiesel

Totaal

Thee electricity and


a thermal consumption which was produced frrom alternativve energy (ssolar energy,
wind energyy, hydro enerrgy, biomass,, biogas and garbage) tottalled 455 ktooe and 5,718 ktoe, biofuel consumptionn
as biodiesel was 755 ktoee, while bioffuel consumption as ethannol was 364 ktoe.
k
Altternative Eneergy Consum
mption 2012p
Heeat 78.4%
Bildiesel 10.3%
E
Electricity
6.2%
Ethhanol 5.1%
0

1,000

2
2,000

3,,000

4,0000

5,0000

6,0000

ktoe

1/ Excluding privatte generation for ow


wn use (off grid).
2/ Including fuel coonsumption of privatte generation for ow
wn use (off grid).
p : preliminary dataa

------------------------------------------------------

TH
HAILAND ENNERGY STAATISTICS 20012

10

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

11

ENERGY

1 1/
TABLE 1 TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY BY TYPE 1/
:

unit : physical unit

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555
2012 P

TYPE

unit

COMMERCIAL ENERGY

242

652

454

369

392

103 tons
3

ANTHRACITE

7,300

7,067

5,164

4,139

6,160

10 tons

BITUMINOUS

52

11

270

166

202

103 tons

COKE

18,492

17,843

18,041

20,257

18,889

103 tons

LIGNITE

8,343

7,216

10,264

11,532

10,063

103 tons

BRIQUETTES & OTHER COAL

53,602

54,124

55,543

53,877

56,465

106 litres

CRUDE OIL

4,406

6,302

6,443

7,087

7,310

106 litres

CONDENSATE

1,397,813

1,471,208

1,741,647

1,671,457

1,862,607

MMscf.

NATURAL GAS

(133)

(116)

(135)

(227)

(315)

106 litres

NATURAL GASOLINE

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
ELECTRICITY

(10,776)

(11,948)

(12,356)

(10,453)

(11,970)

10 litres

8,723

8,039

11,237

17,290

18,635

Gwh

RENEWABLE ENERGY

14,896

16,054

47,297

84,495

168,990

50

58

322

370

238

103 tons

FUEL WOOD

1,201

1,480

1,484

1,053

1,338

103 tons

PADDY HUSK

GJ

SOLAR

19,548

20,313

19,652

24,745

29,434

10 tons

BAGASSE

2/

4,397

4,721

5,790

3,744

4,521

103 tons

AGRICULTURAL WASTE2/

43

35

35

45

725

103 tons

MSW

90,540,739 72,952,553 752,942,126 1,170,100,825 1,182,047,833

BIOGAS
TRADITONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY

31,049

29,873

33,265

30,955

31,254

103 tons
3

FUEL WOOD

51

54

74

96

112

10 tons

CHARCOAL

4,121

4,208

3,608

3,668

2,074

103 tons

PADDY HUSK

2,848

3,348

3,544

3,594

2,362

103 tons

AGRICULTURAL WASTE

2/

BIOFUEL

339

405

449
537

447
565

444
635

488
876

106 litres
6

10 litres

ETHANOL
BIODIESEL
OTHER ENERGY

2/

11,286,122 12,845,095 23,931,079

:1/ = +
- +/ -
2/ 2549

8,943,258 10,053,483

GJ

BLACK LIQUOR & RESIDUAL GAS

Notes : 1/ Total primary energy supply =Domestic production


+ Imports - Exports +/- Stock change.
2/ Revised from Energy Consumption Survey
by Economic Sector 2006.

THAILAND ENERGY SITATISTICS 2012

12

ENERGY

2 1/3/
TABLE 2 TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY BY TYPE1/3/
:

2/

2/

()

2551
2008
91,242
100.0
180
0.2
4,557
5.0
34
0.0
4,968
5.4
5,208
5.7
46,097
50.5
3,449
3.8
34,344
37.6
(104)
(0.1)
(9,204)
(10.1)
1,713
1.9
5,285
100.0
0
0.0
19
0.4
410
7.8
3,486
66.0
1,320
25.0
5
0.1
45
0.9
14,045
100.0
11,751
83.7
35
0.2
1,404
10.0
855
6.1

2552
2009
93,189
100.0
484
0.5
4,411
4.7
7
0.0
4,801
5.2
4,504
4.8
46,546
49.9
4,932
5.3
36,147
38.8
(91)
(0.1)
(10,213)
(11.0)
1,661
1.8
5,796
100.0
0
0.0
22
0.4
505
8.7
3,623
62.5
1,417
24.4
5
0.1
224
3.9
13,782
100.0
11,306
82.0
37
0.3
1,434
10.4
1,005
7.3

2553
2010
101,733
100.0
337
0.3
3,223
3.2
177
0.2
4,852
4.8
6,407
6.3
47,767
47.0
5,043
5.0
42,792
42.1
(106)
(0.1)
(10,473)
(10.3)
1,714
1.7
6,249
100.0
1
0.0
122
2.0
506
8.1
3,505
56.1
1,738
27.8
4
0.1
373
5.9
14,934
100.0
12,590
84.3
50
0.3
1,230
8.3
1,064
7.1

2554
2011
106,102
100.0
274
0.3
2,584
2.4
109
0.1
5,601
5.3
7,198
6.8
46,334
43.7
5,547
5.2
41,054
38.7
(178)
(0.2)
(5,008)
(4.7)
2,587
2.4
6,623
100.0
2
0.0
140
2.1
359
5.4
4,413
66.6
1,124
17.0
5
0.1
580
8.8
14,111
100.0
11,716
83.0
66
0.5
1,250
8.9
1,079
7.6

602
4.3
253
42.0
349
58.0

798
100.0
335
42.0
463
58.0

820
100.0
333
40.6
487
59.4

878
100.0
331
37.7
547
62.3

1,119
100.0
364
32.5
755
67.5

267
100.0
267
100.0
111,441
100.0
81.9
4.7
12.6
0.6
0.2

304
100.0
304
100.0
113,869
100.0
81.8
5.1
12.1
0.7
0.3

566
100.0
566
100.0
124,302
100.0
81.8
5.0
12.0
0.7
0.5

212
100.0
212
100.0
127,926
100.0
82.9
5.2
11.0
0.7
0.2

238
100.0
238
100.0
130,848
100.0
82.8
6.0
10.2
0.8
0.2

1/ = +
- +/ -
2/
2549
3/ "0.0" 0.05

unit : ktoe
%

2555
2012 p
108,344
100.0
291
0.3
3,845
3.5
132
0.1
5,037
4.7
6,281
5.8
48,560
44.8
5,722
5.3
45,746
42.2
(247)
(0.2)
(9,860)
(9.1)
2,837
2.6
7,825
100.0
4
0.1
90
1.1
456
5.8
5,249
67.1
1,357
17.3
83
1.1
586
7.5
13,322
100.0
11,829
88.8
77
0.6
707
5.3
709
5.3

TYPE
COMMERCIAL ENERGY
ANTHRACITE
BITUMINOUS
COKE
LIGNITE
BRIQUETTES & OTHER COAL
CRUDE OIL
CONDENSATE
NATURAL GAS
NATURAL GASOLINE
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
ELECTRICITY
RENEWABLE ENERGY
SOLAR
FUEL WOOD
PADDY HUSK
MSW
AGRICULTURAL WASTE2/
MSW
BIOGAS
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
FUEL WOOD
CHARCOAL
PADDY HUSK
AGRICULTURAL WASTE2/
BIOFUEL
ETHANOL
BIODIESEL
OTHER ENERGY
BLACK LIQUOR &
RESIDUAL GAS
TOTAL
TOTAL (%)
COMMERCIAL ENERGY
RENEWABLE ENERGY
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
BIOFUEL
OTHER

Notes : 1/ Total primary energy supply =Domestic production


+ Imports - Exports +/- Stock change.
2/ Revised from Energy Consumption Survey
by Economic Sector 2006.
3/ Data shown as "0.0" means figure is less than 0.05.

THAILAND ENERGY SITATISTICS 2012

13

ENERGY

3
TABLE 3 DOMESTIC PRODUCTION OF PRIMARY ENERGY
unit : physical unit

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555
2012 p

TYPE

unit

COMMERCIAL ENERGY

17,982

17,786

18,344

21,327

18,317

103 tons

LIGNITE

8,512

8,820

8,885

7,975

8,617

106 litres

CRUDE OIL

5,151

5,047

5,580

5,344

5,659

106 litres

CONDENSATE

1,013,833

1,090,082

1,278,254

1,274,303

1,458,529

MMscf.

NATURAL GAS

7,118

7,160

5,565

8,253

9,164

1/

HYDRO AND OTHERS1/

Gwh

RENEWABLE ENERGY

14,896

16,054

47,297

84,495

168,990

50

58

322

370

238

103 tons

FUEL WOOD

1,201

1,480

1,484

1,053

1,338

103 tons

PADDY HUSK

19,548

20,313

19,652

24,745

29,434

103 tons

BAGASSE

2/

4,397

4,721

5,790

3,744

4,521

103 tons

AGRICULTURAL WASTE2/

43

43

35

45

725

103 tons

MSW

90,540,739 452,451,534 752,942,126 1,170,100,825 1,182,047,833

SOLAR

GJ

m3

BIOGAS
TRADITIONAL RE

31,049

29,873

33,259

30,954

31,254

103 tons

FUEL WOOD

4,142

4,208

3,608

3,668

2,074

103 tons

PADDY HUSK

2/

2,848

3,348

3,544

3,594

2,362

103 tons

AGRICULTURAL WASTE2/

BIOFUEL

322

401

426

510

673

106 litres

ETHANOL

448

560

600

625

881

106 litres

BIODIESEL

OTHER

11,286,122

12,845,095

23,931,079

1/
2/ 2549.

8,942,258

10,053,483

GJ

BLACK LIQUOR &


RESIDUAL GAS

Notes : 1/ Others include geothermal, solar cell, and wind power.


2/ Revised from Energy Consumption Survey
by Economic Sector 2006.

THAILAND ENERGY SITATISTICS 2012

14

ENERGY
1/

1/

TABLE 4 DOMESTIC PRODUCTION OF PRIMARY ENERGY


:

2/

3/

3/

()

unit : ktoe
%

2551
2008
42,582
100.0
4,743
11.1
7,320
17.2
4,032
9.5
24,910
58.5
1,577
3.7
5,285
100.0
0
0.0
19
0.4
410
7.7
3,486
66.0
1,320
25.0
5
0.1
45
0.8
14,010
100.0
11,751
83.9
1,404
10.0
855
6.1
626
100.0
240
38.3
386
61.7
267
100.0
267
100.0
62,770
100.0
67.8
8.4
22.3
1.0
0.5

2552
2009
44,679
100.0
4,775
10.7
7,585
17.0
3,950
8.8
26,783
59.9
1,586
3.6
5,796
100.0
0
0.0
22
0.4
505
8.7
3,623
62.5
1,417
24.4
5
0.1
224
3.9
13,745
100.0
11,306
82.3
1,434
10.4
1,005
7.3
782
100.0
299
38.2
483
61.8
304
100.0
304
100.0
65,306
100.0
68.4
8.9
21.0
1.2
0.5

2553
2010
49,613
100.0
4,966
10.0
7,641
15.4
4,368
8.8
31,407
63.3
1,231
2.5
6,249
100.0
1
0.0
122
1.9
506
8.1
3,505
56.1
1,738
27.8
4
0.1
373
6.0
14,882
100.0
12,588
84.6
1,230
8.3
1,064
7.1
834
100.0
317
38.0
517
62.0
566
100.0
566
100.0
72,144
100.0
68.8
8.7
20.6
1.1
0.8

: 1/ "0.0" 0.05
2/
3/ 2549.

2554
2011
50,161
100.0
5,992
12.0
6,859
13.7
4,183
8.3
31,310
62.4
1,817
3.6
6,623
100.0
2
0.0
140
2.1
359
5.4
4,413
66.6
1,124
17.0
5
0.1
580
8.8
14,045
100.0
11,716
83.4
1,250
8.9
1,079
7.7
919
100.0
380
41.3
539
58.7
212
100.0
212
100.0
71,960
100.0
69.7
9.2
19.5
1.3
0.3

2555 p
2012 p
54,508
100.0
4,801
8.8
7,411
13.6
4,430
8.1
35,836
65.8
2,030
3.7
7,825
100.0
4
0.1
90
1.1
456
5.8
5,249
67.1
1,357
17.3
83
1.1
586
7.5
13,245
100.0
11,829
89.3
707
5.3
709
5.4
1,261
100.0
502
39.8
759
60.2
238
100.0
238
100.0
77,077
100.0
70.7
11.2
16.2
1.6
0.3

TYPE
COMMERCIAL ENERGY
LIGNITE
CRUDE OIL
CONDENSATE
NATURAL GAS
HYDRO AND OTHERS2/
RENEWABLE ENERGY
SOLAR
FUEL WOOD
PADDY HUSK
BAGASSE
AGRICULTURAL WASTE3/
MSW
BIOGAS
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
FUEL WOOD
PADDY HUSK
AGRICULTURAL WASTE3/
BIOFUEL
ETHANOL
BIODIESEL
OTHER
BLACK LIQUOR &
RESIDUAL GAS
TOTAL
TOTAL (%)
COMMERCIAL ENERGY
RENEWABLE ENERGY
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
BIOFUEL
OTHER

Notes : 1/ Data shown as "0.0" means figure is less than 0.05.


2/ Others include geothermal, solar cell, and wind power.
3/ Revised from Energy Consumption Survey by Economic Sector 2006.

1 2545 2555

()
p

FIGURE 1 COMPARISON OF DOMESTIC PRODUCTION OF PRIMARY ENERGY BETWEEN 2002


AND2012

2545
2002

Lignite

16.1%

50 3%
50.3%

Renewable Energy

11.3%

4.7%

6.9%

Natural Gas


Hydro & Others

Condensate

2555
2012

46.5%

10.7%

Crude oil

Lignite

Natural Gas

Renewable Energy

6.2%11.2%

Traditional Renewable Energy

Biofuels

Oth
Other

Hydro & Others

Crude oil

16.2%
5.8%

9 6%
9.6%

1.6%

0.3%

2.6%

Condensate

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

15

ENERGY

5
TABLE 5 IMPORTS OF ENERGY BY TYPE

1/

1/

unit : physical unit

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555
2012 p

COMMERCIAL ENERGY

242

678

374

218

131

10 tons

ANTHRACITE

7,300

7,067

6,660

4,558

7,639

103 tons

BITUMINOUS

52

117

209

108

37

103 tons

COKE

8,418

8,455

9,768

11,738

10,815

10 tons

BRIQUETTES & OTHER COAL

47,257

46,701

47,365 46,090

49,991

106 litres

CRUDE OIL

1,915

106 litres

CONDENSATE

383,980 381,126 463,393 397,154 404,078

MMscf.

NATURAL GAS
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

1,776

1,894

2,083

404

493

182

3,094

3,970

106 litres

2,785

2,439

7,287

10,682

10,965

Gwh

ELECTRICITY
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY

103 tons

FUEL WOOD

62

78

87

115

139

103 tons

CHARCOAL

: 1/ "0" 0.5

TYPE

unit

Note : 1/ Data shown as "0" means figure is less than 0.5.

THAILAND ENERGY SITATISTICS 2012

16

ENERGY

6
TABLE 6 IMPORTS OF ENERGY BY TYPE

1/

1/

()

unit : ktoe
%
p

2551
2008
60,702
100.0
180
0.3
4,557
7.5
34
0.1
5,255
8.7
40,641
67.0
9,434
15.5
364
0.6
237
0.4
43
100.0
0
0.0
43
100.0

2552
2009
61,824
100.0
504
0.8
4,411
7.1
77
0.1
5,278
8.5
40,163
65.0
1,390
2
9,364
15.1
429
0.7
208
0.3
53
100.0
0
0.0
53
100.0

2553
2010
65,052
100.0
278
0.4
4,157
6.4
137
0.2
6,097
9.4
40,734
62.6
1,482
2.3
11,385
17.5
161
0.2
621
1.0
61
100.0
2
3.3
59
96.7

2554
2011
64,394
100.0
162
0.3
2,845
4.4
71
0.1
7,324
11.4
39,637
61.6
1,630
2.3
9,744
15.1
2,071
3.2
910
1.4
79
100.0
0
0.0
79
100.0

2555
2012 p
69,638
100.0
97
0.1
4,768
6.9
24
0.0
6,751
9.7
42,992
61.7
1,499
2.2
9,910
14.2
2,663
3.8
934
1.4
95
100.0
95
100.0

60,745
100.0
99.9
0.1

61,877
100.0
99.9
0.1

65,113
100.0
99.9
0.1

64,473
100.0
99.9
0.1

69,733
100.0
99.9
0.1

: 1/ "0" "0.0" 0.5 0.05

TYPE
COMMERCIAL ENERGY
ANTHRACITE
BITUMINOUS
COKE
BRIQUETTES & OTHER COAL
CRUDE OIL
CONDENSATE
NATURAL GAS
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
ELECTRICITY
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
FUEL WOOD
CHARCOAL
TOTAL
TOTAL (%)
COMMERCIAL ENERGY
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY

Note : 1/ Data shown as "0" and "0.0" means figure is less than 0.5 and 0.05 respectively.

2
FIGURE 2 TRENDS OF IMPORTED ENERGY BY TYPE

ktoe

60,000

COAL & ITS PRODUCTS


NATURAL GAS
ELECTRICITY

CRUDE OIL
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

45,000
30,000
15,000
0
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

17

ENERGY

7 1/
TABLE 7 EXPORTS OF ENERGY BY TYPE1/
unit : physical unit

2551 2552 2553


2008 2009 2010

2554
2011

2555
2012 p

COMMERCIAL ENERGY

TYPE

unit

75

27

21

10

103 tons

COAL & ITS PRODUCTS

2,777 2,488

1,711

1,903

2,471

106 litres

CRUDE OIL

123

198

291

106 litres

NATURAL GASOLINE

10,403 11,682 11,973 10,495 11,641

106 litres

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

139

112

1,180 1,560 1,615

1,645

1,494

Gwh

ELECTRICITY
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY

103 tons

FUEL WOOD

11

24

13

19

27

103 tons

CHARCOAL

BIOFUEL

66

16

: 1/ "0" 0.5

48

139

302

106 litres

ETHANOL

Note : 1/ Data shown as "0" means figure is less than 0.5.

THAILAND ENERGY SITATISTICS 2012

18

ENERGY

8 1/
TABLE 8 EXPORTS OF ENERGY BY TYPE1/
unit : ktoe
%

2551
2008
11,654
100.0
47
0.4
2,388
20.5
109
0.9
9,009
77.3
101
0.9
8
100.0
0
00
0.0
8
100.0
49
100.0
49
100.0

()

2554
2555 p
2011
2012 p
11,078 12,599
100.0 100.0
4
7
0.0
0.0
1,637
2,125
14.8
16.9
155
228
1.4
1.8
9,142 10,112
82.5
80.3
140
127
1.3
1.0
13
18
100.0 100.0
0
0
00
00
0.0
0.0
13
18
100.0
100.0
104
225
100.0 100.0
104
225
100.0
100.0

2552
2553
2009
2010
12,519 12,052
100.0 100.0
18
13
0.1
0.1
2,140
1,471
17.1
12.2
88
103
0.7
0.9
10,140 10,327
81.0
85.7
133
138
1.1
1.1
16
9
100.0 100.0
0
0
00
00
0.0
0.0
16
9
100.0
100.0
12
36
100.0 100.0
12
36
100.0
100.0

11,711 12,547 12,097


100.0 100.0 100.0
99.5
99.8
99.6
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.3

: 1/ "0" "0.0" 0.5 0.05

11,195 12,842
100.0 100.0
99.0
98.1
0.1
0.1
0.9
1.8

TYPE
COMMERCIAL ENERGY
COAL & ITS PRODUCTS
CRUDE OIL
NATURAL GASOLINE
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
ELECTRICITY
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
FUEL WOOD
CHARCOAL
BIOFUEL
ETHANOL
TOTAL
TOTAL (%)
COMMERCIAL ENERGY
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
BIOFUEL

Note : 1/ Data shown as "0" and "0.0" means figure is less than 0.5 and 0.05 respectively.

3
FIGURE 3 TRENDS OF EXPORTED ENERGY BY TYPE

ktoe

12,000
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
2551/2008

CRUDE OIL

NATURAL GASOLINE

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

OTHERS

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12

Note : Others include anthracite, electricity, renewable energy and biofuel.

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

19

ENERGY

9 1/
TABLE 9 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY TYPE1/
:

unit : physical unit

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555 p
2012 p

COMMERCIAL ENERGY

91

95

10 91

10 95

20 95

85

2/

12,994
235
2,302
52
2,084
8,321
38,912
6,587
3,388
341
924
2,439
29
0
4,636
16
13,813
9
2
3,780
2,948

12,571
186
3,163
11
1,995
7,216
39,478
6,450
2,877
177
1,415
2,972
83
0
4,432
18
10,293
0
1
8,156
2,604

13,755
245
939
270
2,037
10,264
40,199
7,194
2,957
77
1,552
2,691
137
2
4,712
15
11,404
7,053
2,405

12,419
222
412
166
3,096
8,523
41,566
7,936
3,077
41
1,860
2,122
222
9
5,077
13
18,484
690
2,035

9,795
276
473
202
1,902
6,942
44,198
8,433
2,975
46
1,938
2,404
254
13
5,335
16
20,584
2,200

103 tons

ANTHRACITE

BITUMINOUS

COKE

LIGNITE

10 tons
10 tons
10 tons
10 tons
3

10 tons
6

10 litres
106 litres

BRIQUETTES & OTHER COAL

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
LPG

ULG RON 91

ULG RON 95

GASOHOL E10 RON 91

GASOHOL E10 RON 95

10 litres

GASOHOL E20 RON 95

106 litres

GASOHOL E85

10 litres
10 litres
10 litres
10 litres

JET FUEL2/

KEROSENE

HSD

LSD

PALM DIESEL

10 litres

HSD B5

106 litres

FUEL OIL

10 litres
10 litres
10 litres
10 litres
10 litres

130,403

147,568

155,868

185,493

211,509

MMscf.

135,449

135,209

149,320

148,700

162,668

Gwh

COAL & ITS PRODUCTS

NATURAL GAS
ELECTRICITY
RENEWABLE ENERGY

3/

3/

14,896
16,054
42,247
84,495
168,990
50
58
322
370
238
73
88
184
186
126
15,801
15,846
15,164
17,186
22,132
3,208
3,554
4,434
2,668
3,381
6
8
9
17
679
58,539,736 379,498,981 627,788,207 972,970,791 924,524,112

GJ

SOLAR

10 tons

FUEL WOOD3/

103 tons

PADDY HUSK

BAGASSE

10 tons

AGRICULTURAL WASTE3/

103 tons

MSW

10 tons

3/

BIOGAS

TRADITIONAL RE

3/

8,669
4,527
3,401
2,848

: 1/ "0" 0.5

TYPE

unit

8,233
4,382
3,532
3,348

9,300
4,867
2,858
3,544

9,150
4,457
2,913
3,594

9,179
4,527
1,311
2,362

103 tons

FUEL WOOD3/

103 tons

CHARCOAL

103 tons

PADDY HUSK

10 tons

AGRICULTURAL WASTE3/

Notes : 1/ Data shown as "0" means figure is less than 0.5.

2/

2/ Including aviation gasoline.

3/ 2547-2549

3/ 2004-2006 Revised from Energy Consumption Survey.

THAILAND ENERGY SITATISTICS 2012

20

ENERGY

10 1/
TABLE 10 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY TYPE1/
:

unit : ktoe

2551 2552 2553 2554 2555 p


TYPE
2008 2009 2010
2011 2012 p
53,645 54,243 56,829 57,424 59,956 COMMERCIAL ENERGY

91
95
10 91
10 95
20 95
85
2/

7,744 7,493 8,240 7,201 5,794


175
138
182
165
205
1,437 1,974
586
257
295
34
7
177
109
132
904
870
888 1,350
829
5,194 4,504 6,407 5,320 4,333
31,207 31,661 32,096 33,067 35,187
4,151 4,065 4,534 5,001 5,314
2,524 2,143 2,203 2,292 2,217
254
131
58
31
34
688 1,054 1,156 1,386 1,444
1,817 2,214 2,005 1,581
1,791
22
62
102
165
189
0
0
1
7
10
3,789 3,623 3,852 4,150 4,361
13
15
12
11
13
11,906 8,872 9,830 15,932 17,743
8
2
1
3,258 7,030 6,079
595
2,775 2,451 2,264 1,916 2,071

3,153

11,541 11,521 12,724 12,671 13,861

3/

3/

3/

3/

3,855
0
19
25
2,818
963
1
29
8,390
3,281
3,095
1,159
855

3,568
4,134
0
22
30
2,826
1,067
1
188
8,321
3,116
2,996
1,204
1,005

3,769
4,534
1
122
63
2,705
1,331
1
311
8,885
3,520
3,327
974
1,064

4,485
4,556
2
140
64
3,065
801
2
482
8,582
3,463
3,047
993
1,079

5,114

COAL & ITS PRODUCTS


ANTHRACITE
BITUMINOUS
COKE
LIGNITE
BRIQUETTES & OTHER COAL
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
LPG
ULG RON 91
ULG RON 95
GASOHOL E10 RON 91
GASOHOL E10 RON 95
GASOHOL E20 RON 95
GASOHOL E85
JET FUEL2/
KEROSENE
HSD
LSD
PALM DIESEL
HSD B5
FUEL OIL
NATURAL GAS
ELECTRICITY

5,635 RENEWABLE ENERGY


4 SOLAR
3/
90 FUEL WOOD
43 PADDY HUSK
3,947 BAGASSE
3/
1,015 AGRICULTURAL WASTE
78 MSW
458 BIOGAS
7,725 TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
3/
3,474 FUEL WOOD
3,095 CHARCOAL
447 PADDY HUSK
3/
709 AGRICULTURAL WASTE

65,890 66,698 70,248 70,562 73,316 TOTAL

: 1/ "0" 0.5
2/
3/ 2547-2549

Notes : 1/ Data shown as "0" means figure is less than 0.5.


2/ Including aviation gasoline.
3/ 2004-2006 Revised from Energy Consumption Survey.

ktoe

4
FIGURE 4 TRENDS OF PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY AND FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

120,000
90,000
60,000
30,000
0

CONSUMPTION
SUPPLY

2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

21

ENERGY

11 1/
TABLE 11 PERCENTAGE OF FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY TYPE1/
:

unit : %
p

91
95
10 91
10 95
20 95
85
2/

2551 2552 2553 2554 2555


2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 p
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
14.5
0.3
2.7
0.1
1.7
9.7
58.1
7.7
4.6
0.5
1.3
3.4
0.0
0.0
7.1
0.0
22.2
0.0
0.0
6.1
5.2

13.8
0.3
3.6
0.0
1.6
8.3
58.4
7.5
4.0
0.2
1.9
4.1
0.1
0.0
6.7
0.0
16.4
0.0
13.0
4.5

14.5
0.3
1.0
0.3
1.6
11.3
56.5
8.0
3.9
0.1
2.0
3.5
0.2
0.0
6.8
0.0
17.3
10.7
4.0

12.6
0.3
0.4
0.2
2.4
9.3
57.5
8.7
4.0
0.1
2.4
2.8
0.3
0.0
7.2
0.0
27.7
1.0
3.3

9.6
0.3
0.5
0.2
2.4
6.2
58.8
8.9
3.7
0.1
2.4
3.0
0.3
0.0
7.3
0.0
29.6
0.0
3.5

5.9

6.6

6.6

7.8

8.5

21.5

21.2

22.4

22.1

23.1

TYPE
COMMERCIAL ENERGY
COAL & ITS PRODUCTS
ANTHRACITE
BITUMINOUS
COKE
LIGNITE
BRIQUETTES & OTHER COAL
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
LPG
ULG RON 91
ULG RON 95
GASOHOL E10 RON 91
GASOHOL E10 RON 95
GASOHOL E20 RON 95
GASOHOL E85
JET FUEL2/
KEROSENE
HSD
LSD
PALM DIESEL
HSD B5
FUEL OIL
NATURAL GAS
ELECTRICITY

3/

3/

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.5
2.7
3.1
1.5
0.6
0.7
1.4
1.4
2.4
73.1 68.5 59.6
67.3
61.6
25.0 25.8
29.4
17.6
23.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1
4.5
6.9
10.6
10.9
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
39.1 36.6
39.6
40.4
48.1
36.9
35.1
37.4
35.5
44.5
13.8
16.5
11.0
11.5
1.4
10.2
11.8
12.0
12.6
6.0

RENEWABLE ENERGY
SOLAR
FUEL WOOD
PADDY HUSK
BAGASSE
AGRICULTURAL WASTE3/
MSW
BIOGAS
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY
FUEL WOOD
CHARCOAL
PADDY HUSK
AGRICULTURAL WASTE3/

()

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

TOTAL (%)

81.4

81.1

80.9

81.4

81.8

COMMERCIAL ENERGY

5.9

6.2

6.5

6.4

8.7

RENEWABLE ENERGY

12.7

12.7

12.6

12.2

9.5

TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY

: 1/ "0.0" 0.05
2/
3/ 2547 - 2549

Notes : 1/ Data shown as "0.0" means figure is less than 0.05.


2/ Including aviation gasoline.
3/ 2004 -2006 Revised from Energy Consumption Survey.

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

22

ENERGY

12
TABLE 12 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY ECONOMIC SECTORS
unit : ktoe

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555

2008

2552
2009

3,446
5.2
121
0.2
24,195
36.7
105
0.2
9,958
15.1
5,041
77
7.7
23,024
34.9

3,477
5.2
110
0.2
23,798
35.7
152
0.2
10,089
15.1
4,940
74
7.4
24,132
36.2

3,499
5.0
123
0.2
25,281
36.0
167
0.2
10,963
15.6
5,621
80
8.0
24,594
35.0

3,686
5.2
130
0.2
24,614
34.9
112
0.2
11,040
15.6
5,511
78
7.8
25,469
36.1

3,790
5.2
117
0.1
26,673
36.4
120
0.2
11,083
15.1
5,303
72
7.2
26,230
35.8

65,890
100.0

66,698
100.0

70,248
100.0

70,562
100.0

73,316
100.0

2551

SECTOR

2012p

AGRICULTURE
MINING
MANUFACTURING
CONSTRUCTION
RESIDENTIAL
COMMERCIAL
TRANSPORTATION

TOTAL

5
FIGURE 5 TRENDS OF FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY ECONOMIC SECTORS
AGRICULTURE
INDUSTRY
RES. AND COM.
TRANSPORTATION

ktoe

30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12p

Note : Industry includes manufacturing, mining, and construction.

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

23

ENERGY

13
TABLE 13 ENERGY CONSUMPTION FOR MANUFACTURING SECTOR BY TYPE
:

unit : physical unit

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

()

()

COAL & ITS


PRODUCTS

PETROLEUM
PRODUCTS

NATURAL
GAS

ELECTRICITY

SOLID BIOMASS

(103 tons)

(106 litres)

(MMscf.)

(Gwh)

2551

12,994

3,480

103,360

2552

12,571

3,175

2553

13,755

2554

2555p

..

()

()

()

()

MSW

BIOGAS

TRADITIONAL
RENEWABLE ENERGY

(103 tons)

(103 tons)

(m3)

(103 tons)

56,250

19,132

58,539,736

7,499

2008

95,465

55,618

19,546

379,498,981

7,797

2009

3,323

89,785

62,411

20,104

627,788,207

7,386

2010

12,419

3,462

101,194

62,131

20,410

17

972,970,791

7,257

2011

9,795

4,832

119,272

80,918

25,877

679

924,524,112

4,674

2012p

() ()

YEAR

24

ENERGY

14
TABLE 14 ENERGY CONSUMPTION FOR MANUFACTURING SECTOR BY TYPE

unit : ktoe

..

COAL & ITS

PETROLEUM

NATURAL

PRODUCTS

PRODUCTS

GAS

7,744

2,812

2,499

32.0

11.6

7,493

2551

2552

2553

2554
2555p


RENEWABLE

TRADITIONAL

ENERGY

RENEWABLE ENERGY

4,793

3,855

2,492

10.3

19.8

16.0

10.3

2,564

2,308

4,739

4,134

2,560

31.5

10.8

9.7

19.9

17.4

10.7

8,240

2,604

2,171

5,318

4,533

2,415

32.6

10.3

8.6

21.0

17.9

9.6

7,201

2,750

2,447

5,294

4,554

2,368

29.3

11.2

9.9

21.5

18.5

9.6

5,794

3,931

2,884

6,895

5,631

1,538

21.7

14.7

10.8

25.9

21.1

5.8

ELECTRICITY

TOTAL

YEAR

24,195 2008
100.0
23,798 2009
100.0
25,281 2010
100.0
24,614 2011
100.0
p
26,673 2012

100.0

6
FIGURE 6 TRENDS OF MANUFACTURING ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY TYPE
COAL & ITS PRODUCTS
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
NATURAL GAS
ELECTRICITY
RENEWABLE ENERGY
TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY

ktoe

10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

25

ENERGY

15 1/
TABLE 15 ENERGY CONSUMPTION FOR TRANSPORT SECTOR BY TYPE1/

unit : ktoe
%

..

LPG

2551

10

20 -

2/

ULG

904

2,462

244

688

1,817

3.9

10.7

1.1

3.0

7.9

0.1

0.0

778

2,099

129

1,044

2,210

61

3.2

8.7

0.5

4.3

9.2

0.3

0.0

794

2,147

57

1,156

2,001

101

3.2

8.7

0.2

4.7

8.1

0.4

0.0

2554 1,073

2,234

31

1,385

1,577

165

4.2

8.8

0.1

5.4

6.2

0.7

0.0

2555p 1,125

2,155

34

1,441

1,787

189

10

4.3

8.2

0.1

5.5

6.8

0.7

0.1

2552

2553

GASOHOL E 20 85
DIESEL
GASOHOL E 10
JET
91 95 91 95 95 GASO 4/ 55/ FUEL
OIL
RON95
HOL E 85 FUEL3/
RON91
RON95
RON91
RON95
HSD
LSD PALM4/ HSD B 55/
2/

22

1/ "0" "0.0" 0.5 0.05

3,789 7,579
16.5

32.9 0.0

2 3,258

ELEC-

NGV

TRICITY

1,593

654

YEAR
TOTAL

23,024 2008

0.0

14.2

6.9

2.8

0.0

4,734

1,466

1,260

27.9 0.0

0.0

19.6

6.1

5.2

0.0

4,462

1,366

1,597

28.7

18.2

5.6

6.5

0.0

100.0

4,150 11,179

595

1,028 2,036

25,469

43.9

2.3

8.0

0.0

100.0

4,361 11,760

1,134 2,228

3,623 6,722
15.0

3,852 7,054
15.7

16.3

16.6

44.9

4.1

4.3

8.5

0.0

100.0
24,132 2009
100.0
24,594 2010

2011

26,230 2012p
100.0

Notes : 1/ Data shown as "0" and "0.0" means figure is less than 0.5 and 0.05 respectively.

2/ 10%

2/ Gasoline with Ethanol 10% by Volume.

3/

3/ Including aviation gasoline.

4/ 10%

4/ Diesel with Palm-oil 10% by Volume.

5/ 5%

5/ HSD with bio-oil 5% by volume.

7
FIGURE 7 TRENDS OF TRANSPORT ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY TYPE

ktoe

12,000

LPG

DIESEL

JET FUEL

GASOLINE

FUEL OIL
10,000
8,000
6,000
4,000
2,000
0
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

26

ENERGY

16
TABLE 16 TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY PER GDP AND PER POPULATION

(
)
TOTAL PRIMARY
ENERGY SUPPLY
(ktoe)
(1)

..

2531)1/
()

()

GDP (AT 1988

POPULATION

PRICES)1/
(million Baht)
(2)

(thousand)
(3)

(
)
PRIMARY ENERGY
SUPPLY PER GDP
(ktoe/Million Baht)
(1)/(2)

(
/)
PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY
PER POPULATION
(toe/capita)
(1)/(3)

YEAR

2551

111,441

4,364,833

63,390

0.0255

1.7580

2008

2552

113,869

4,263,139

63,525

0.0267

1.7925

2009

2553

124,302

4,596,112 p

63,878

0.0270

1.9459

2010

2554

127,926

4,599,655p

64,076

0.0278

1.9965

2011

2555p

130 848
130,848

4 895 634p
4,895,634

64 322
64,322

0 0267
0.0267

2 0343
2.0343

2012p

:
: 1/ 2553 - 2554

Sources : NESDB and DOPA.


Note
: 1/ GDP during 2010 - 2011 revised according to NESDB.

8
FIGURE 8 TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER GDP AND PER POPULATION

toe/capita
PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY PER GDP
ktoe/Million Baht

0.0280

2.5000

PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY PER POPULATION

0.0240

2.0000

0.0200
1.5000
0.0160
0.0120

1.0000

0.0080
0.5000
0.0040
0.0000
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12

0.0000

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

27

ENERGY

17
TABLE 17 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER GDP AND PER POPULATION

(
)

..

FINAL ENERGY
CONSUMPTION

(
2531)1/
()

()

GDP (AT 1988 PRICES)1/

POPULATION

(million Baht)
(2)

(thousand)
(3)

(ktoe)
(1)

(
)

FINAL ENERGY

FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

CONSUMPTION PER GDP

PER POPULATION

(ktoe/Million Baht)
(1)/(2)

(toe/capita)
(1)/(3)

(
/)

YEAR

2551

65,890

4,364,833

63,390

0.0151

1.0394

2008

2552

66,698

4,263,139

63,525

0.0156

1.0499

2009

2553

70,248

4,596,112 p

63,878

0.0153

1.0997

2010

2554

70,562

4,599,655p

64,076

0.0153

1.1012

2011

2555p

73,316

4,895,634p

64,322

0.0150

1.1398

2012

:
: 1/ 2553 - 2554

Sources : NESDB and DOPA.


Note
: 1/ GDP during 2010 - 2011 revised according to NESDB.

9
FIGURE 9 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER GDP AND PER POPULATION

ktoe / Million Baht

0.0200

FINAL ENERGY

CONSUMPTION PER GDP


toe/capita
FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER
1.2000
POPULATION

1.0000
0.0150
0.8000
0.0100

0.6000
0.4000

0.0050
0.2000
0.0000

0.0000
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

28

ENERGY

18 1/
TABLE 18 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY THE ECONOMIC SECTORS PER GDP BY THE ECONOMIC SECTORS1/

TRANSPORTATION

2/

2/
INDUSTRY

..

/
million Baht

(1)

(2)

ktoe/

ktoe

million Baht

(3)

(4)

ktoe/

ktoe

million Baht

(5)

(6)

Million Baht
(3)/(4)

COMMERCIAL

Million Baht
(1)/(2)

ktoe

AGRICULTURE

ktoe/

ktoe

million Baht

(7)

(8)

ktoe/

Million Baht
(5)/(6)

YEAR

Million Baht
(7)/(8)

2551

24,421 1,941,881

0.0126 23,024 429,933

0.0536 3,446

385,225

0.0089 5,041 1,456,429

0.0035

2008

2552

24,060 1,836,671

0.0131 24,132 413,666

0.0583 3,477

390,362

0.0089 4,940 1,469,727

0.0034

2009

2553

25,571 2,076,401 p 0.0123 24,594 430,338 p 0.0572 3,499

381,401 p 0.0092 5,620 1,540,336 p 0.0036

2010

2554

24,614 1,989,264 p 0.0124 25,469 441,898 p 0.0576 3,686

396,951 p 0.0093

5,511 1,603,262 p 0.0034

2011

2555p

26 675 22,129,283
26,675
129 283 p 0.0125
26 230 477
477,378
378 p 0.0549
3 790
0 0125 26,230
0 0549 3,790

409,353
409
353 p 0.0093
0 0093

5 301 11,695,431
5,301
695 431 p 0.0031
0 0031

2012p

:
1/ 2553 - 2554

2/

Source : NESDB.
Notes : 1/ GDP during 2010-2011 revised according to NESDB.
2/ Including manufacturing, mining, and construction.

10
FIGURE 10 FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY THE ECONOMIC SECTORS PER GDP BY THE ECONOMIC SECTORS

ktoe/Million Baht

0.0700
0.0600
0.0500
0.0400

INDUSTRY

TRANSPORTATION

AGRICULTURE

COMMERCIAL

0.0300
0.0200
0.0100
0.0000
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

29

ENERGY

19 1/
TABLE 19 RELATION OF ECONOMY AND ENERGY1/

unit : thousand million Baht

2551 2552
2008 2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555
2012

p
p

1.

1,150

794

957

1,000

623

754

977

1,130

2/

25

23

42

50

72

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS2/

84

82

85

94

116

NATURAL GAS

16

24

LIQUEFILE NATURAL GAS

25

30

44

39

CONDENSATE

37

37

39

42

49

COAL & ITS PRODUCTS

14

13

ELECTRICITY

284

209

231

272

341

53

29

26

30

54

225

175

199

231

271

NGL

COAL & ITS PRODUCTS

ELECTRICITY

RENEWABLE ENERGY

BIOFUEL

866

585

726

965

1,102

2.

3.

1,237 1,443

ITEM
1. ENERGY IMPORTS
CRUDE OIL

RENEWABLE ENERGY
2. ENERGY EXPORTS
CRUDE OIL
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS2/

3. NET ENERGY IMPORT

4.

5,962 4,601 5,857

6,983 7,739 p

4. COMMODITY IMPORT

5.

5,851 5,195

6,708 7,091 p

5. COMMODITY EXPORT

6. ( )3/

9,080r 9,042 r 10,105 r 10,540 r 11,362

6,113

7.

6. GDP (AT CURRENT MARKET PRICES)3/


7. ENERGY IMPORT VALUE
AS A PERCENTAGE OF

12.7

8.8

9.5

11.7

12.7

GDP

19.3

17.3

16.3

17.7

18.6

COMMODITY IMPORT

19.7

15.3

15.7

18.4

20.3

COMMODITY EXPORT

:
7
: 1/ "0"

0.5
05
2/
3/ 2551 - 2554

Sources : CD, NESDB, and oil traders in pursuance of section 7.


Notes :

1/ Data shown as "0" means figure is less than 0.5.


05
2/ Including feedstrock imported for refining.
3/ GDP during 2008 - 2011 revised according to NESDB.

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

30

ENERGY

20 1/
TABLE 20 ESTIMATED CO2 EMISSIONS BY TYPE FROM ENERGY CONSUMPTION1/
:

unit : 103 ton

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555
2012

198,146

197,657

216,363

206,403

215,013

52,380

55,342

56,108

58,865

59,138

TRANSPORTATION

83,370

81,797

97,384

86,382

94,092

POWER

45,023

42,786

44,514

42,425

41,392

MANUFACTURING

6,389

6,916

7,234

7,222

8,898

RES. & COM.

10,984

10,816

11,123

11,509

11,493

OTHERS2/

2/





:1/

2/

SECTOR

TOTAL

t : 1/ Excluding
l d emission from
f
bl energy
Notes
renewable
and international bunker oil, diesel and jet fuel.
2/ Including agriculture, construction and mining.

11
FIGURE 11 ESTIMATED CO2 EMISSIONS BY TYPE FROM ENERGY CONSUMPTION

103ton

120,000

POWER

TRANSPORTATION

MANUFACTURING

OTHERS

RES. & COM.

100,000
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

31

OIL & GAS

21 //1/

TABLE 21 PRODUCTION / IMPORTS / EXPORTS AND CONSUMPTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS1/


unit : million litre

:
/

ULG

..

LPG

2/

20

2/

GASOHOL E 20

85

10

GASOHOL E 10
91 95 91 95
RON 91

RON 95

RON 91

RON 95

E 85

RON 95

JET
FUEL

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 20122

1.
8,560
2551
9,147
2552
10,522
2553
11,696
2554
12,231
2555 p
2.
12
2551
2552
16
2553
45
2554
p
5
2555
3.
39
2551
28
2552
46
2553
30
2554
18
2555 p
4. 7/
6,587
2551
6,450
2552
7,194
2553
7,936
2554
8,433
2555 p

KERO3/

DIESEL

GASOHOL

95

3/

HSD

SENE

4/

PALM4/

LSD

ITEM /

55/
5/

HSD B5

FUEL
OIL

3,971
3,778
3,748
3,841
4,586

1,084
618
623
276
158

929
1,412
1,557
1,858
2,083

2,436
2,960
2,696
2,119
1,897

29
83
116
222
340

0
0
2
9
33

6,002
5,975
6,196
6,293
5,786

195
103
476
161
89

17,523
14,349
16,275
22,434
24,900

4
0
0
0
0

2
1
-

3,788
8,149
7,040
673
-

6,906
6,920
6,031
5,846
6,154

14
18
46

48
11
3
11
3

90
385
62
56
17

254
83
101
332
395

648
904
805 6/
730
1,484 6/

829
447
540
238
108

1
0
0
0
1

1,347
1,609
1,405
1,201
742

109
19
426
107
34

3,806
4,797
5,517
4,705
5,439

0
-

3,624
3,878
3,170
3,483
3,815

3,388
2,877
2,957
3,077
2,975

341
177
77
41
46

924
1,415
1,552
1,860
1,938

2,439
2,972
2,691
2,122
2,404

29
83
137
222
254

0
0
2
9
13

4,636
4,432
4,712
5,077
5,335

16
18
15
13
16

13,813
10,293
11,404
18,484
20,584

9
-

2 3,780 2,948
1 8,156 2,604
- 7,053 2,405
690 2,035
- 2,200

32

: 7
: 1/ "0" 0.5
2/ 10%
3/
4/ 10%

5/ 5%
6/
7/

TOTAL

YEAR

1. PRODUCTION
51,429 2008
53,495 2009
55,282 2010
55,428 2011
58,257 2012 p
2. IMPORTS
404 2008
493 2009
182 2010
462 2011
466 2012 p
3. EXPORTS
10,403 2008
11,682 2009
11,909 2010
10,494 2011
11,641 2012 p
4. CONSUMPTION7/
38,912 2007
39,478 2008
40,199 2009
41,566 2010
44,198 2011 p

Sources : DOEB, DED, and oil traders in pursuance of section 7.


Notes : 1/ Data show as "0" means figure is less than 0.5.
2/ Gasoline with Ethanol 10% by Volume.
3/ Including aviation gasoline.
4/ Diesel with Palm-oil 10% by Volume.
5/ HSD with bio-oil 5% by Volume.
6/ Including base gosoline.
7/ Excluding HSD and Fuel oil consumption for electricity generation.

OIL & GAS

22
TABLE 22 RELATION OF ECONOMY AND PETROLEUM
:

unit : million Baht

2551
2008

2552
2009

1,108,930
999,851
24,615
84,464
280,807
53,254
225,165
2,388
828,123
5,962,482
5,851,371
9,080,466

753,116
623,013
23,074
82,333
24,696
204,993
28,987
174,512
1,494
548,123
4,601,982
5,194,597
9,041,551

1. :

1/

2.

3.
4.
5.
6.

( )2/

7
7.
(%)
(%) :
/

2553
2010

2555 p

2554
2011

910,308 1,180,032
753,648
976,789
41,417
49,668
84,852
93,923
15,993
30,391
43,659
227,290
273,669
26,007
39,055
199,099
230,759
2,184
3,855
683,018
906,363
5,856,591 6,982,728
6,113,336 6,707,989
10,104,821 10,540,134p

1,381,825
1,130,165
72,111
116,410
23,748
39,391
330,048
53,360
270,806
5,882
1,051,777
7,738,550
7,091,320
11,362,871 p

18.60

16.37

15.54

16.90

17.86

18.95

14.50

14.89

17.59

19.49

65.66

50.90

57.96

66.25

68.10

:
. ()
7
: 1/
2/ 2551-2554

ITEM

2012 p
1. IMPORTS :
CRUDE OIL

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 1/
NATURAL GAS
LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS
CONDENSATE
2. EXPORTS :
CRUDE OIL
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
NATURAL GASOLINE
3. NET IMPORTS
4. TOTAL COMMODITY IMPORTS
5. TOTAL COMMODITY EXPORTS
6. GDP
(AT CURRENT MARKET PRICES)2/
7 RATIOS(%) :
7.
PETROLEUM IMPORTS/
COMMODITY IMPORTS
PETROLEUM IMPORTS/
COMMODITY EXPORTS
COMMODITY IMPORTS/
GDP

Sources : DOEB, DTN, NESDB, PTT and traders in pursuance of section 7.

Notes : 1/ Including feed stocks imported for refining.


2/ GDP during 2008-2011 revised according to NESDB.

12

13

FIGURE 12 RATIO OF PETROLEUM IMPORTED


TO COMMODITY IMPORTED

FIGURE 13 RATIO OF PETROLEUM IMPORTED


TO COMMODITY EXPORTED

%
21
18
15
12
9
6
3
0

%
21
18
15
12
9
6
3
0
2551/2008 52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

2551/2008 52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

33

OIL & GAS

23
TABLE 23 PETROLEUM PRODUCTION
:

unit : physical unit


p

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

()

53,538

55,474

55,883

50,161

54,198

CRUDE OIL (thousand barrel)

()

32,399

31,746

35,097

33,612

35,593

CONDENSATE (thousand barrel)

()

2555
2012 p

1,013,833 1,090,082 1,278,254 1,274,703 1,458,529

TYPE

NATURAL GAS (MMscf)

unit : ktoe
p

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555
2012

7,320

7,585

7,641

6,979

7,411

CRUDE OIL

4,032

3,951

4,368

4,184

4,430

CONDENSATE

24,910

26,783

31,407

32,077

35,836

NATURAL GAS

36,262

38,319

43,416

43,240

47,677

TYPE

TOTAL

14
FIGURE 14 PETROLEUM PRODUCTION

Ktoe

CRUDE OIL

CONDENSATE

NATURAL GAS
40,000
30,000
20,000
10,000
0
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

34

OIL & GAS

24 /
TABLE 24 VOLUME / VALUE AND PRICE OF CRUDE OIL IMPORTED
..

VOLUME

CIF VALUE

mill. litre

AVERAGE PRICE

mill. bbl

mill. Baht

Baht/bbl

US$/bbl

YEAR

2551

47,112

296

999,851

3,377.88

100.89

2008

2552

46,608

293

623,013

2,126.32

61.65

2009

2553

47,365

298

753,648

2,529.02

79.38

2010

2554

46,090

290

976,789

3,369.50

110.00

2011

49,991

314

1,130,165

3,599.25

112.37

2012P

2555

Source : DOEB.

25
TABLE 25 VOLUME AND VALUE OF NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IMPORTED

2552

2553

2554

2009

2010

2011

TYPE

VOLUME

VALUE

VOLUME

VALUE

VOLUME

VALUE

VOLUME

VALUE

MMscf

Million Baht

MMscf

Million Baht

MMscf

Million Baht

MMscf

Million Baht

337,563

82,333

371,801

84,852

361,471

93,923

357,218

116,410 NATURAL GAS

337,563

82,333

371,801

: . ()

2555
2012P

35,683

15,993

46,860

23,748

84,852

397,154

109,916

404,078

140,158

LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS

TOTAL
Source : PTT.

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

35

OIL & GAS

26
TABLE 26 VOLUME OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS IMPORTED
:

unit : million litre

2555 P
2012 P

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

12

16

45

14

18

46

ULG 91

ULG 95

3/

48

11

11

JET FUEL3/

90

385

62

56

17

254

83

101

332

395

404

493

182

462

466

1/

Source : DOEB.

: 1/ 3,258
2/ 246
3/

Note

TYPE
LPG1/
2/

HSD
FUEL OIL

TOTAL

: 1/ Excluding propane and butane imported 3,258 million litre.


2/ Excluding base gasoline imported 246 million litre.
3/ Including aviation gasoline.

27
TABLE 27 CIF VALUES OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS IMPORTED
:

unit : million Baht

2555 P
2012 P

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

206

228

792

113

183

433

1,088

3/

1,354

216

124

308

124

JET FUEL3/

2,448

5,080

1,326

1,481

433

HSD

4,757

1,290

1,585

7,368

9,180

8,765

6,769

3,263

10,382

10,938

1/

Source : DOEB.

: 1/ 54,720
2/ 6,335
3/

Notes

TYPE
LPG1/
ULG 912/
ULG 95

FUEL OIL
TOTAL

: 1/ Excluding propane and butane imported 54,720 million Baht.


2/ Excluding base gasoline imported 6,335 million Baht.
3/ Including aviation gasoline.

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

36

OIL & GAS

28
TABLE 28 VOLUME OF PETROLEUM EXPORTED
:

unit : million litre

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555
2012

2,777

2,488

1,711

1,903

2,471

139

112

132

198

291

2,916

2,600

1,843

2,101

2,762

TYPE

CRUDE OIL
NATURAL GASOLINE
TOTAL
Sources : DMF and PTT.

: . ()
1/

29

TABLE 29 VOLUME OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS EXPORTED1/


:

unit : million litre

91
95

10 95
2/

3/

2551
2008
39
648
829
1
1,347
109
3,806
3,624
10,403

2552
2009
28
904
447
0
1,609
19
4,797
3,878
11,682

2553
2010
46
805
540
1,405
426
5,517
3,234
11,973

:
: 1/ "0" 0.5
2/
3/ , 5

2554
2011
30
730
238
1,201
107
4,705
3,483
10,494

2555
P
2012
18
1,484
108
1
742
34
5,439
3,815
11,641

TYPE
LPG
ULG 91
ULG 95
GASOHOL E10 RON 95
JET FUEL2/
KEROSENE
HSD3/
FUEL OIL
TOTAL

Source : DOEB.
Notes
: 1/ Data show as "0" means figure is less than 0.5.
2/ Including aviation gasoline.
3/ Including Base Diesel HSD, HSD B2 and HSD B5.

15
FIGURE 15 YEARLY PETROLEUM AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS EXPORTED

million litre

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

PETROLEUM

15,000
10,000
5,000
0
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

Note : Petroleum includes crude oil, condensate


and natural gasoline.
gasoline

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

37

OIL & GAS

30
TABLE 30 OFFICIAL REFINERY CAPACITY IN THAILAND
: /

unit : barrel / day


P

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555
2012

275,000

275,000

275,000

275,000

275,000

THAI OIL

120,000

120,000

120,000

120,000

120,000

BANG CHAK

170,000

170,000

170,000

170,000

170,000

ESSO

2,500

2,500

2,500

2,500

2,500

FANG

150,000

150,000

150,000

150,000

150,000

STAR PETROLEUM

145,000

145,000

145,000

145,000

145,000

PTTAR

1/

215,000

215,000

215,000

215,000

215,000

IRPC1/

17,000

17,000

17,000

17,000

17,000

1,094,500

1,094,500

1,094,500

1,094,500

1,094,500

REFINERY

RPC

TOTAL

Sources : Petroleum refineries DOEB.

: 330 .

Note

1/ .

: 330 operating days per year.


1/ Revised according to DEDE.

16
FIGURE 16 COMPARISON OF YEARLY LOCAL PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

million litres
55,000
50,000
45,000
40,000
35,000
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0

LOCAL PRODUCTION

2551/2008

52/09

53/10

CONSUMPTION

54/11

55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012 39

OIL & GAS

31
TABLE 31 NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR
:

2551
2008

unit : MMscf

1/

907,327

2552
2009

2555
2012

2553
2010

2554
2011

925,984 1,023,888

865,561

923,632 ELECTRIC GENERATION1/


119,272 MANUFACTURING

SECTOR

103,360

95,465

89,785

101,194

23,046

41,347

33,623

45,076

52,654

- PETROCHEMICAL

80,314

54,118

56,162

56,118

66,618

- OTHERS

27,043

52,088

66,050

84,204

15

33

95

1,037,730 1,073,552 1,179,756 1,051,054

: 1/

92,142 TRANSPORTATION
95 COMMERCIAL

TOTAL

1,135,141

Note : 1/ Including private powers selling to the national grid.

17
FIGURE 17 YEARLY NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR

MMscf

MANUFACTURING & TRANSPORTATION


ELECTRIC GENERATION

1,200,000
1,000,000
800,000
600,000
400,000
200,000
0
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

39

OIL & GAS

32
TABLE 32 TOTAL PETROLEUM PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION BY ECONOMIC SECTORS
:

unit : million litre


P

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555
2012

3,979

4,014

4,036

4,255

4,378

24

23

21

23

22

3,480

3,175

3,323

3,462

4,832

403

183

280

479

590

ELECTRICITY

120

175

193

129

137

CONSTRUCTION

3,821

4,135

4,512

4,920

5,324

1/

AGRICULTURE
MINING
MANUFACTURING

RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL

28,114 28,777 29,505

TRANSPORTATION 1/

39,315 39,661 40,479 42,045 44,788

TOTAL

27,488 27,956

ECONOMIC SECTOR

: 7

Sources : DED and oil traders in pursuance of section 7.

: 1/

Note

: 1/ Including Jet fuel.

18 1/
FIGURE 18 TOTAL PETROLEUM PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION BY ECONOMIC SECTORS1/
AGRICULTURE
MINING
MANUFACTURING
ELECTRICITY
CONSTRUCTION
RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL
TRANSPORTATION

million litres

35,000
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

OIL & GAS

33 1/
TABLE 33 RETAIL PRICES OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS IN BANGKOK1/

2551
2008
18.13

2552 2553 2554 2555


2009 2010 2011 2012
18.13

18.13

BAHT /

TYPE

UNIT

18.13

kg.

LPG (COOKING)

20.38 28.71

litre

LPG (INDUSTRY)

11.21

litre

LPG (AUTO)

33.43 31.34 36.10 39.72 41.96

litre

ULG 91

95

35.33 37.47 41.26 44.64 46.42

litre

ULG 95

10 91

28.16 26.69 30.85 33.96 35.94

litre

GASOHOL E10 RON 91

10 95

28.97 27.50 32.35 36.52 37.96

litre

GASOHOL E10 RON 95

20 95

27.37 25.39 29.96 32.94 34.35

litre

GASOHOL E20 RON 95

85

18.29 18.87

19.21 21.75 22.23

litre

GASOHOL E85

38.34 37.21 37.51 38.21 36.15

litre

KEROSENE

31.26 24.77 28.69 29.45 30.42

litre

HSD

30 39 22.71
30.39
22 71 27.55
27 55 29.95
29 95

litre

HSD B5

30.52 22.85

litre

PALM DIESEL

33.20 27.04 27.04 27.04 27.04

litre

LSD

600 ( 2%)

24.30

21.18 23.59 28.59 31.33

litre

FUEL OIL 600(2% S) SECOND

1500 ( 2%)

22.90 19.83 22.04 26.68 29.41

litre

FUEL OIL 1500(2% S) SECOND

()

()

()

9.79

9.79

9.79

91

:
: 1/ 7

18.13

9.79

Source : EPPO.
Note
: 1/ Average from all oil traders in pursuance of section 7.

19
FIGURE 19 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PRICE PER LITRE IN BANGKOK
() LPG (AUTO)
91 ULG 91
KEROSENE

HSD
1500 ( 2%) FUEL OIL 1500 (2% S) SECOND
10 95 GASOHOL E10 RON 95

PALM DIESEL

/
Baht / litre

60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

41

OIL & GAS

34
TABLE 34 WORLD CRUDE OIL PRICES

DUBAI

..

/
Baht / bbl

AVERAGE PRICE

TAPIS

OMAN

/
US$ / bbl

/
Baht / bbl

/
US$ / bbl

/
Baht / bbl

/
US$ / bbl

BRENT
/
Baht / bbl

WTI

/
US$ / bbl

/
Baht / bbl

YEAR

/
US$ / bbl

2551

3,108.10

93.60 3,131.85

94.27 3,461.57

104.16 3,245.57

97.70 3,318.68

99.62

2008

2552

2,120.41

61.76 2,128.08

61.98 2,231.26

64.96 2,122.92

61.82 2,117.79

61.69

2009

2553

2,482.16

78.00 2,490.74

78.27 2,628.75

82.65 2,539.71

79.83 2,525.35

79.34

2010

2554
2555p

3,250.93

106.15 3,264.01

106.58 3,584.71

117.09 3,407.51

111.28 2,910.39

95.03

3,405.29

109.12 3,415.41

109.44 3,651.94

117.03 3,490.00

111.84 2,939.43

94.17

2011
2012p

..

3,475.14

109.58 3,516.37

110.88 3,754.54

118.39 3,520.81

111.02

3,175.14

100.12

JAN

..

3,584.55

116.12 3,616.35

117.15 3,892.01

126.08 3,668.52

118.84 3,158.56

102.32

FEB

..

3,774.57

122.43 3,787.82

122.86 4,087.19

132.57 3,852.03

125.04 3,279.43

106.37

MAR


..

3 649 76
3,649.76

117 62 3,657.21
117.62
3 657 21

117 86 3,942.06
117.86
3 942 06

127 04 3,748.13
127.04
3 748 13

120 79 3,209.13
120.79
3 209 13

103 42
103.42

APR

..

3,387.84

107.63 3,389.73

107.69 3,700.72

117.57 3,464.01

110.05 2,975.49

94.53

MAY

..

3,005.45

94.53 3,007.36

94.59

3,191.44

100.38 3,052.50

96.01 2,624.88

82.56

JUN

..

3,156.13

99.27 3,165.67

99.57 3,329.72

104.73 3,268.68

102.81 2,791.78

87.81

JUL

..

3,426.82

108.54 3,436.30

108.84 3,662.98

116.02 3,581.84

113.45 2,969.98

94.07

AUG

..

3,463.85

111.24 3,467.58

111.36 3,641.96

116.96 3,535.47

113.54 2,951.93

94.80

SEP

..

3,359.61

108.95 3,360.54

108.98 3,579.79

116.09 3,446.57

111.77 2,758.92

89.47

OCT

..

3,303.38

107.09 3,303.69

107.10 3,508.82

113.75 3,375.26

109.42 2,666.71

86.45

NOV

..

3,276.33

106.45 3,276.33

106.45 3,532.09

114.76 3,366.20

109.37

88.09

DEC

2,711.24

20
FIGURE 20 WORLD CRUDE OIL PRICES
/
baht / bbl

DUBAI

OMAN

TAPIS

BRENT

WTI

5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
2551/2008 52/09

53/10

p
54/11 55/12 .. ..

. .

..

..

. .

..

..

..

..

..

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

..

42

OIL & GAS

35
TABLE 35 SINGAPORE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PRICES

AVERAGE PRICE
95

ULG 95
HSD

92
ULG 92

..

1500
FUEL OIL 1500

YEAR

/ / / / / / / /
Baht / bbl

US$ / bbl

Baht / bbl

US$ / bbl

Baht / bbl

US$ / bbl

Baht / bbl

US$ / bbl

2551

3,366.70

101.28

3,413.29

102.66

3,974.35

119.46

2,694.00

80.85

2008

2552

2,341.56

68.12

2,420.09

70.40

2,371.74

69.03

1,988.23

57.94

2009

2553

2,742.15

86.15

2,812.30

88.35

2,845.04

89.44

2,330.87

73.20

2010

2554

3,591.39

117.30

3,663.38

119.65

3,810.78

124.44

3,136.62

102.40

2011

2555

3,755.67

120.35

3,854.88

123.52

3,938.98

126.21

3,288.38

105.35

2012p

..

3,819.55

120.44

3,924.52

123.75

4,056.45

127.91

3,615.63

114.01

JAN

..

3,971.66

128.66

4,036.17

130.75

4,104.40

132.96

3,580.23

115.98

FEB

..

4,143.30

134.39

4,210.82

136.58

4,196.33

136.11

3,628.74

117.70

MAR

..

4,083.56

131.60

4,193.10

135.13

4,129.80

133.09

3,537.12

113.99

APR

..

3,732.51

118.58

3,841.42

122.04

3,872.26

123.02

3,307.89

105.09

MAY

..

3,219.10

101.25

3,326.88

104.64

3,489.35

109.75

2,963.48

93.21

JUN

..

3,505.86

110.27

3,607.60

113.47

3,723.96

117.13

3,078.55

96.83

JUL

..

3,919.35

124.14

4,028.90

127.61

4,079.10

129.20

3,298.96

104.49

AUG

..

3,811.98

122.42

3,927.50

126.13

4,067.62

130.63

3,315.32

106.47

SEP

..

3,706.83

120.21

3,818.15

123.82

3,934.40

127.59

3,154.55

102.30

OCT

..

3,585.63

116.24

3,684.03

119.43

3,815.44

123.69

3,005.10

97.42

NOV

..

3,568.72

115.95

3,659.52

118.90

3,798.63

123.42

2,975.01

96.66

DEC

21
FIGURE 21 SINGAPORE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PRICES
/
baht / bbl

5,000

92 ULG 92

95 ULG 95

HSD

1500 FUEL OIL 1500

4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
2551/2008 52/09

53/10

p
54/11 55/12 .. ..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

..

43

ELECTRICITY

36 /
TABLE 36 CONSUMPTION / INSTALLATION AND GENERATION

1. ()1/

2551
2008

2552
2009

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555 P
2012 P

ITEMS

135,449 135,209 149,320 148,700 162,668 1. ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION (Gwh) 1/

2. ()1/

30,508 30,607 31,485

3. ()1/

23,074 23,064 25,094 23,388 24,825 3. PEAK GENERATION OF NATIONAL GRID (MW)1/

4. . ()

10,815 10,987 12,520

5. ()1/

31,773

33,177 2. NATIONAL GRID INSTALLED CAPACITY (MW)1/

11,527 12,282 4. EGAT'S PEAK GENERATION (MW)

147,427 148,390 159,518 155,986 168,471 5. NATIONAL GRID GENERATION (Gwh)1/


63,390 63,525 63,878 64,076 64,322 6. POPULATION (thousand)

6. ()
7. (/)
8. (%)

2,137

2,128

2,338

2,321

38.1

38.3

38.3

37.9

2,529 7. CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA (kWh/capita)


38.4 8. AVERAGE THERMAL EFFICIENCY AT
SENDING END OF NATIONAL GRID (%)

: . . . . .

: 1/

22

FIGURE 22 COMPARISON OF NATIONAL GRID


INSTALLATION AND PEAK GENERATION

PEAK GENERATION

35,000

GENERATION
CONSUMPTION

160,000
140,000
120,000
100,000
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0

30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0
2551/200852/09 53/10

23

FIGURE 23 COMPARISON OF NATIONAL GRID


GENERATION AND CONSUMPTION

Gwh

INSTALLATION

MW

Sources : DEDE, EGAT, MEA, PEA, OERC, POF, DOPA,


IPP SPP
IPP,
SPP, and VSPP
VSPP.
Note
: 1/ Excluding private generation for own use.

54/11

55/12 p

2551/200852/09

53/10

54/11

55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

44

ELECTRICITY

37 /
TABLE 37 GDP / ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION AND ELASTICITY

25311/
()
GDP

..

1/

AT 1988 PRICE
(million Baht)

2/

YEAR

()
CONSUMPTION2/

ELASTICITY

% CHANGE OF GDP

% CHANGE OF
CONSUMPTION

(Gwh)

2546

3,468,166

106,959

0.9

7.1

6.8

2003

2547

3,688,189

115,044

1.2

6.3

7.6

2004

2548

3,858,019

121,229

1.2

4.6

5.4

2005

2549

4,054,504

127,811

1.1

5.1

5.4

2006

2550

4,259,026

133,178

0.8

5.0

4.2

2007

2551

4,364,833

135,449

0.7

2.5

1.7

2008

2552

4,263,139

135,209

0.1

(2.3)

(0.2)

2009

2553

4,596,112 p

149,320

1.3

7.8

10.4

2010

2554

4,599,655 p

148,700

(5.4)

0.1

(0.4)

2011

2555p

4,895,634 p

162,668

1.5

6.4

9.4

2012p

: . . . .

Sources : EGAT, MEA, NESDB, PEA, POF, BTSC, and BMCL.

() ()
: 1/ 2553 - 2554

Notes

: 1/ GDP during 2010 - 2011.

revised according to NESDB.

2/

2/ Excluding private generation for own use.

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

45

ELECTRICITY

38
TABLE 38 ELECTRIC BALANCE OF NATIONAL GRID

- Gwh

..

ELECTRIC SUPPLY
1/
GENERATION1/

NET IMPORT


STATION
SERVICE

LINE LOSSES

1/

ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION1/

FREE
SALE
TOTAL

YEAR

2551

147,427

1,605

4,629

8,954

1,704

133,745

135,449

2008

2552

148,390

879

5,284

8,776

1,763

133,446

135,209

2009

2553

159,518

5,672

5,749

10,121

1,972

147,348

149,320

2010

2554

155,986

9,037

5,490

10,833

2,074

146,626

148,700

2011

2555p

168,471

9,471

5,492

9,782

2,383

160,285

162,668

2012p

: . . . .

Sources : DEDE, EGAT, MEA, PEA, POF, IPP, SPP,

and VSPP.

: 1/

Note

: 1/ Excluding private generation for own use.

39
TABLE 39 TOTAL ELECTRIC SUPPLY OF NATIONAL GRID
- Gwh
1/

TOTAL SUPPLY % CHANGE OF TOTAL SUPPLY

..

GENERATION1/

2551

147,427

2,785

1,180

149,032

1.4

2008

2552

148,390

2,439

1,560

149,269

0.2

2009

2553

159,518

7,287

1,615

165,190

10.7

2010

2554

155,986

10,682

1,645

165,023

(0.1)

2011

2555p

168,471

10,965

1,494

177,942

7.8

2012p

IMPORT

EXPORT

: . . .

YEAR

Sources : DEDE, EGAT, PEA, IPP, SPP, and VSPP.

: 1/

Note

: 1/ Excluding private generation for own use.

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

46

ELECTRICITY

40 1/
TABLE 40 ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION BY ECONOMIC SECTORS1/

- Gwh

..

2/

RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL

2/

3/

INDUSTRIAL

3/

4/

TRANSPORTATION AGRICULTURE OTHERS

4/

TOTAL

YEAR

2551

28,785

48,1625/

57,429

605/

282

731

135,449

2008

2552

30,371

47,092

56,670

62

318

696

135,209

2009

2553

33,337

51,155

63,630

74

336

788

149,320

2010

2554

32,920

51,019

63,418

106

304

933

148,700

2011

2555p

32,097

47,210

82,068

70

293

930

162,668

2012p

: . . .

Sources : EGAT, MEA, PEA , POF, BTSC, BMCL, and ARL.

()
()

: 1/

Notes : 1/ Excluding private generation for own use.

2/

2/ Including government, non-profit organizations, and street lighting.

3/

3/ Including mining and quarrying.

4/

4/ Temporary customers.

5/

5/ Revised by DEDE.

24 ()
FIGURE 24 ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION BY ECONOMIC SECTORS (EXCLUDING PRIVATE GENERATION FOR OWN USE )

Gwh

TRANSPORTATION

180,000
160,000
140,000
120,000
100,000
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0


AGRICULTURE & OTHERS
INDUSTRIAL
COMMERCIAL
RESIDENTIAL

2551/2008

52/09

53/10

54/11

55/12p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

47

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

41 2554()
TABLE 41 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2011(preliminary)
2555p
2012p

( )

MW

Gwh

1,621

5,345

( )

million litres thousand tons

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

ktoe

455

ELECTRICITY (SOLAR, WIND, HYDRO, BIOMASS, MSW AND BIOGAS)

5,718 HEAT (SOLAR, BIOMASS, MSW AND BIOGAS)


1,119 BIOFUEL (ETHANOL AND BIODIESEL)

( )

488

364

ETHANOL

876

755

BIODIESEL

7,292

1,621

(Grand Total)

5,345

GRAND TOTAL

25 2555()
FIGURE 25 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2012

(preliminary)

BIOFUEL
15.4%

ELECTRICITY
6.2%

HEAT
78.4%

7,292 ktoe

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

48

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

42 2553 - 2555
TABLE 42 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2010 - 2012
:

unit : ktoe

2553
2010

2554
2011

304

372

455

4,443

5,129

5,718

HEAT (SOLAR, BIOMASS, MSW AND BIOGAS)

804

878

1,119

BIOFUEL (ETHANOL AND BIODIESEL)

5,551

6,379

7,292

1,597

2,036

2,228

7,148

8,415

9,520

70,248 70,562

73,316

( )
( )
( )

(Grand Total)

7.8

9.1

9.9

10.0

10.0

12.9

( NGV)

2555
2012 P

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
ELECTRICITY (SOLAR, WIND, HYDRO, BIOMASS, MSW AND BIOGAS)

TOTAL
NATURAL GAS FOR VEHICLE : NGV
GRAND TOTAL
FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION
PERCENTAGE OF COMMERCIAL ALTERNATIVE
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
PERCENTAGE OF COMMERCIAL ALTERNATIVE
ENERGY CONSUMPTION (INCLUDING NGV)

26 2553 - 2555
FIGURE 26 ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2010 - 2012
(NATURAL GAS FOR VEHICLE : NGV)
(BIOFUEL)
(HEAT )
(ELECTRICITY)

ktoe

10,000

2,228
2,036

8,000
1,597
6,000

1,119

878

804

4,000
4,443

5,129

5,129

2,000
0

304
2553/2010

372
54/11

455
55/12 p

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

49

ENERGY INDICATORS

43 2553 - 2555
TABLE 43 ENERGY INDICATORS 2010 - 2012

1.

()

/ (%)
2.

()

/ (%)
3.
(/)

4.

2553
2010

2554
2011

2555p
2012p

124,302 127,926 130,848


9.2
2.9
2.3
70,248 70,562 73,316
5.3
0.4
3.9
15.3

15.3

15.0

25,571

24,856

26,910

5.

6.3
10,963

(2.8)
11,040

(8.3)
11,083

6.

8.7
5,621

0.7
5,511

0.4
5,303

7.

13.8
24,594

(2.0)
25,469

(3.8)
26,230

8.

1.9
3,499

3.6
3,686

3.0
3,790

3. Energy Intensity (EI)


(ktoe/thousand million Baht)

4. Final Energy Consumption in Industry


Growth (%)
5. Final Energy Consumption in Residential
Growth (%)
6. Final Energy Consumption in Commercial
Growth (%)
7. Final Energy Consumption in Transport
Growth (%)
8. Final Energy Consumption in Agricultural
(ktoe)

()

/ (%)

Growth (%)

(ktoe)

()

/ (%)

2. Final Energy Consumption (ktoe)

(ktoe)

()

/ (%)

Growth (%)

(ktoe)

()

/ (%)

1. Primary Energy Supply (ktoe)

(ktoe)

()

/ (%)

ENERGY INDICATORS

0.6

53.3

2.8

Growth (%)

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

50

CONVERSION FACTORS

()
ENERGY CONTENT OF FUEL ( NET CALORIFIC VALUE )
-

()

/ / /
/
kcal / toe /
MJ / 103 Btu /
6
UNIT 10 UNIT UNIT
UNIT

GENERAL
COMMERCIAL ENERGY

1. ()

8680

860.00

36.33

34.44

1. CRUDE OIL (litre)

2. ()

7900

782.72

33.07

31.35

2. CONDENSATE (litre)

3.

TYPE(UNIT)
1 (kcal)

1 (toe)

3. NATURAL GAS

3.1 ()

248

24.57

1.04

0.98

3.1 WET (scf.)

3.2 ()

244

24.18

1.02

0.97

3.2 DRY (scf.)

4.

4. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

(litres)
(kg.)

= 250

(kg.)

4.2 ()

7520

745.07

31.48

29.84

4.2 GASOLINE (litre)

4.3 ()

8250

817.40

34.53

32.74

4.3 JET FUEL (litre)

(cu.m. of charcoal)

4.4 ()

8250

817.40

34.53

32.74

4.4 KEROSENE (litre)

4.5 ()

8700

861.98

36.42

34.52

4.5 DIESEL (litre)

4.6 ()

9500

941.24

39.77

37.70

4.6 FUEL OIL (litre)

4.7 ()

9840

974.93

41.19

39.05

4.7 BITUMEN (litre)

4.8 (.)

8400

832.26

35.16

33.33

4.8 PETROLEUM COKE (kg)

3.60

3.41

5. ELECTRICITY (kWh)

9.36

8.87

6. HYDROELECTRIC (kWh)

()
7.

(Btu)

= 600

4.1 LPG (litre)

85.21

(GJ)
6

= 158.99

25.24

221.54

(Gcal)

26.62

860

(Btu)

= 10.093

1 (barrel)

630.14

2236

= 3.968

= 40.047 x 10

6360

6.

(joules)

= 42.244

4.1 (

5. ()

= 4186

( cu.m. of solid wood )

5
(kg. of fuel wood)

= 1

( kg. of charcoal product)

1 ( litre of LPG)

= 0.54

(kg.)

()
EXCHANGE RATE (SELLING)

9500

941.24

39.77

37.70

7. GEOTHERMAL (kWh)

8. (.)

6300

624.19

26.37

25.00

8. COAL IMPORT (kg.)

9. (.)

6600

653.92

27.63

26.19

9. COKE (kg.)

10. (.)

7500

743.09

31.40

29.76 10. ANTHRACITE (kg.)

11. (.)

11203

1110.05

46.89

44.45 11. ETHANE (kg.)

12. (.)

11256

1115.34

47.11

44.67 12. PROPANE (kg.)

()

13.

13. LIGNITE

13.1 (.)

4400

435.94

18.42

17.46

13.1 LI (kg.)

13.2 (.)

2600

257.60

10.88

10.32

13.2 KRABI (kg.)

13.3 (.)

2500

247.70

10.47

9.92

13.3 MAE MOH (kg.)

13.4 (.)

3610

357.67

15.11

14.32

1. (.)
2. (.)
3. (.)
4. (.)
5. (.)
6. (.)
7.
(.)
8. ()

13.4 CHAE KHON (kg.)

RENEWABLE ENERGY
3820
6900
3440
1800
1160
2600

378.48
683.64
340.83
178.34
114.93
257.60

15.99
28.88
14.40
7.53
4.86
10.88

15.16
27.38
13.65
7.14
4.60
10.32

3030

300.21

12.68

12.02 7. AGRICULTURAL WASTE (kg.)

5000

495.39

20.93

19.84 8. BIOGAS (m3)

1. FUEL WOOD (kg.)


2. CHARCOAL (kg.)
3. PADDY HUSK (kg.)
4. BAGASSE (kg.)
5. GARBAGE (kg.)
6. SAW DUST (kg.)

..

2541
2542
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555

Baht / US$
41.37
37.79
40.16
44.58
43.11
41.63
40.37
40.36
38.03
34.68
33.49
34.47
31.87
30.63
31.22

YEAR

1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

THAILAND ENERGY STATISTICS 2012

51

17 1
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