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Contents
Chapter 6: Place Value with Thousands
Introduction .............................................................................. Thousand and Beyond ............................................................. More Practice with Place Value ............................................. Which Number Is Greater ...................................................... Mental Adding and Subtracting ............................................. Adding and Subtracting in Columns ..................................... Rounding to the Nearest Hundred ......................................... Rounding to the Nearest Thousand ....................................... Estimating Sums and Differences .......................................... Review....................................................................................... 5 7 11 16 19 22 26 28 30 33

Chapter 7: Geometry
Introduction ............................................................................. Shapes and Parallelograms .................................................... Right Angles ............................................................................ Tilings ...................................................................................... Line Symmetry ....................................................................... Mirror Points .......................................................................... Getting Started with Area ...................................................... Perimeter ................................................................................. Solids ........................................................................................ Geometry Review..................................................................... 35 38 42 47 49 51 53 56 58 60

Chapter 8: Measuring
Introduction ............................................................................ Measuring to the Nearest Fourth-Inch ................................. Centimeters and Millimeters ................................................. Feet, Yards and Miles ............................................................ Measuring Length in the Metric System: Meters, Kilometers and More................................................ Using Ounces ........................................................................... Using Grams ............................................................................ Estimate Weight 2.................................................................... Practicing with Units of Volume ........................................... 61 63 68 72 74 76 81 84 85

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Milliliters and Liters ................................................................

88

Measuring Temperature: Fahrenheit ..................................... 90 Measuring Temperature: Celsius ............................................ 92 Review ........................................................................................ 94

Chapter 9: Division
Introduction ............................................................................... 96 Division as Making Groups ...................................................... 98 Division and Multiplication ..................................................... 102 Division and Multiplication Facts ........................................... 106 Dividing Evenly into Groups ................................................... 110 Sharing Equally ........................................................................ 114 Zero and One in Division ........................................................ 118 When Division is not Exact ...................................................... 122 Checking Division with a Remainder...................................... 126 Fraction - Division Connection ................................................ 129 Review of Division .................................................................... 131

Chapter 10: More on Multiplication
Introduction ............................................................................... 133 Multiplying by Whole Tens and Hundreds ............................ 135 Multiplying in Parts ................................................................. 139 Multiplying in Columns - the Easy Way ................................ 143 Multiplying in Columns - the Easy Way, Part 2 ................... 146 Order of Operations ................................................................. 148 Problem Solving ....................................................................... 151 Review ....................................................................................... 153

Chapter 11: Fractions
Introduction ............................................................................... 154 Understanding Fractions .......................................................... 156 Part of a Whole Group ............................................................. 159 Mixed Numbers ........................................................................ 162 Add and Subtract Fractions with the Same Kind of Parts ............................................................................ 166

Decimal Numbers - Tenths ...................................................... 169 Fractions Review ....................................................................... 171

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Chapter 6: Place Value with Thousands
Introduction
This chapter of Math Mammoth Grade 3-B Complete Worktext covers 4-digit numbers (thousands). First we study place value. The emphasis is on trying to get familiar with numbers that have thousands and visualize them on a number line. Then we learn addition and subtraction with these numbers. To aid understanding, the lesson about mental math stresses the similarities between adding and subtracting thousands and adding and subtracting smaller numbers. Practicing mental math also helps to build number sense. For additional practice, you can make more mental math worksheets using the accompanying worksheet maker (the html file). Adding and subtracting in columns should be relatively easy now, assuming the student has grasped them well earlier, when studying 2-and 3-digit numbers. If your student needs more practice for these, don't hesitate to use the worksheet maker. Then there are several lessons about rounding and estimating, which are very important skills needed in everyday life.

The Lessons
page A Thousand and Beyond ............................................ More Practice with Place Value ............................... Which Number is Greater? ....................................... Mental Adding and Subtracting ................................ Adding and Subtracting in Columns ........................ Rounding to the Nearest Hundred ............................ Rounding to the Nearest Thousand .......................... Estimating Sums and Differences ............................ Review ...................................................................... 7 11 16 19 22 26 28 30 33 span 4 pages 5 pages 3 pages 3 pages 4 pages 2 pages 2 pages 3 pages 2 pages

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and one-blocks to the work area to show given numbers. group them. ten-sticks.com/explore/reallybignumbers. try say it out loud.usu. http://www. and see it written.html Cookie Dough Practice naming big numbers.com/com/L3?Area=EarlyMathWorkbench Can you say really big numbers? Enter a really big number. tens. http://www.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_152_g_1_t_1. Choose “Columns = 4” to restrict the program to four-digit numbers. http://www.htm Sample worksheet from www. or thousands to the workarea.funbrain.com 6 .html Arithmetic Workshop Place Values Tool Drag models of ones.mathmammoth.html?from=category_g_1_t_1.Helpful Resources on the Internet Base Blocks from National Library of Virtual Manipulatives Place enough thousand cubes.com/numwords/index.mathcats. http://nlvm. hundred-flats. hundreds.iknowthat. break them up. or practice any of the four operations using the same visual models.

Six thousand three sixteen T H T O hundred three T H T O j. Five thousand f. Nine thousand two hundred forty-five T H T O l. Two thousand one thou. b. Fill in the table. Ten thousand ten thouT sands H T O 1 0 0 0 0 Sample worksheet from www. Two thousand c.mathmammoth. A little comma is separating the thousands digit from the other three digits. After 9000 (nine thousand) the next thousand is 10.com 11 .More Practice with Place Value On this number line you see tick marks at every thousand. Two thousand a.000 (ten thousand). That makes for easier reading. Three thousand e.hundtens ones sands reds twenty-five thousands hundtens ones reds one hundred thirty-two thou. Five thousand four hundred five T H T O nine hundred fifteen T H T O eight hundred T H T O 3 4 0 5 g.hundtens ones sands reds 2 0 0 1 d. 1. five thousand nine hundred ninety T H T O h. Eight thousand seven hundred T H T O k. Six thousand i.

090 = __ thousand __ hundreds __ tens __ ones = _______ + _____ + ____ + ___ h. 8 tens 4 thousand j. 5. Fill in the blanks. 6 hundred 4 thousand i. 3 ones 7 thousand 2 hundred b. 6.623 = __ thousand __ hundreds __ tens __ ones = _______ + _____ + ____ + ___ g. 1. 2000 + 90 d. and ones.060 = __ thousand __ hundreds __ tens __ ones = _______ + _____ + ____ + ___ i.009 = __ thousand __ hundreds __ tens __ ones = _______ + _____ + ____ + ___ f. hundreds. 3000 + 200 e. 2.099 = __ thousand __ hundreds __ tens __ ones = _______ + _____ + ____ + ___ e. 8000 + 5 f. 8.707 = __ thousand __ hundreds __ tens __ ones = 5000 + ____ + ___ + __ d.009 = __ thousand __ hundreds __ tens __ ones = _______ + _____ + ____ + ___ j. 5000 + 600 + 9 h.706 = __ thousand __ hundreds __ tens __ ones = _______ + _____ + ____ + ___ __ tens __ ones = _______ + _____ + ____ + ___ 3. 4 hundred 5 ones 1 thousand Sample worksheet from www.074 = __ thousand __ hundreds b. and write the numbers as a sum of its thousands.570 = __ thousand __ hundreds __ tens __ ones = 9000 + 0 + 70 + 4 c.com 12 . 4000 + 500 + 90 + 3 c. 9. Write in normal form.mathmammoth. 3. 2. 5. a. 1000 + 80 + 7 g. a. tens. 9.2.

4. b. Write in normal form. 2 thousand 400 + 9000 + 7 = ______ 40 + 6000 + 500 = ______ 80 + 500 + 8000 + 6 = ______ h. 3 thousand 4 ones l. a. 4 + 9000 + 70 = ______ 600 + 3000 + 5 = ______ 10 + 200 + 3000 = ______ f. 5 thousand 6 tens k. 5000 + 80 = ______ 500 + 8000 = ______ 4000 + 900 + 7 = ______ g. 9000 + 90 + 800 = ______ 6000 + 7 = ______ 6 + 7000 = ______ c.com 13 . 2 tens 6 hundred 7 ones 4 tens 4 thousand i. Be careful! You need zeros a lot. 1000 + 90 + 900 + 3 = ______ 7000 + 80 + 9 = ______ 7000 + 800 + 9 = ______ d. 7 thousand 8 hundred 8 ones j.mathmammoth. 5000 + 40 + 4 + 500 = ______ 3000 + 50 + 900 + 5 = ______ 2000 + 30 + 6 = ______ e. 5 hundred 9 thousand Sample worksheet from www.

.......... fold the sides. and learns about parallel lines and parallelograms in more detail.......... The Lessons page Shapes and Parallelograms ...................... The lesson is quite long... shapes........... Just print them out.......................Chapter 7: Geometry Introduction The seventh chapter of Math Mammoth Grade 3-B Complete Worktext deals with some elementary geometry topics. In continuation.. Solids .. In the first lesson.............. we study the concept of right angles in detail.................. perimeter....com 35 ........................... rectangular prism... cut out the shapes... the lesson also shows how to draw parallel lines.. When studying the solids... It shows how to draw perpendicular lines (lines at a right angle) using a protractor. Most of these are on the introductory level. so you probably will cover it over several days......................... you can make paper models for them from the PDF printouts provided in the /cutouts/ folder.............. and cylinder... Tilings ................ such as cube...... and three-dimensional figures.mathmammoth. area.. usually made in plastic.... Tilings is a simple lesson that lets students also design their own tilings..... Geometry Review ............ right angles....... and lets the student practice drawing right angles or shapes that have right angles.................. Search on the internet for “geometric solids”............. Then follow lessons on symmetry.......... Mirror Points .. Perimeter ..... perimeter and volume. cone...... Alternatively you can buy them..... 42 47 51 53 56 58 60 span 3 pages 5 pages 2 pages 2 pages 2 pages 3 pages 2 pages 2 pages 1 page Line Symmetry ... 38 Right Angles ............ or a triangle-shaped ruler................... Getting Started with Area . 49 Sample worksheet from www....................... the student reviews the names of various shapes...... and glue or tape the figures together.... such as parallel lines.................. Then....................................... pyramids. area...................

http://illuminations.Helpful Resources on the Internet Use the online resources as you see fit to supplement the main text.org/ActivityDetail.mathcats. and then try to recreate the original shape.php?&file=quad Polygon Playground Drag various colorful polygons to the workarea to make your own creations! http://www. and manipulate the cut pieces.innovationslearning.html Interactive Tangram Puzzle Place the tangram pieces so they form the given shape. cut it.com 36 . http://www. http://illuminations.html Polygon Sort Drag and drop the polygons in the correct place in the diagram.uk/subjects/maths/activities/year3/symmetry/shape_game.org/interactivate/activities/ShapeExplorer/ Area of Rectangle Drag the corners of the rectangle and see the calculated side lengths and areas change.shodor.nctm.html Tangram set Cut out your Tangram set by folding paper http://tangrams. http://www.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_112_g_2_t_1.ca/inner/foldtan.usu.nctm. Shape Cutter Draw any shape (polygon).aspx?ID=72 Patch Tool An online activity where the student designs a pattern using geometric shapes.co.mathplayground.com/matching_shapes.mathmammoth.nctm.com/explore/polygons. You can have the computer mix them up.htm Shape Explorer Find the perimeter and area of odd shapes on rectangular grid.co.org/ActivityDetail. http://nlvm. http://illuminations. http://www.crickweb.aspx?ID=46 Symmetry Game Tell how many lines of symmetry a shape has.asp Sample worksheet from www.org/ActivityDetail.uk/assets/resources/flash.aspx?ID=27 Polygon Matching Game http://www.

Illustrates the concept of volume. http://illuminations. http://www.k.co.mathmammoth.html Space Blocks Build with blocks to illustrate three-dimensional shapes. and then "explode" them to the unit cubes.a.nctm.org/world_around_us.com 37 .org/ActivityDetail. http://www.com/dtoy_vs_byokal/ Primary Resources: Mirror Images See images mirrored in a line. www.primaryresources.aspx?ID=6 Cuboid Exploder and Isometric Shape Exploder These interactive demonstrations let you see either various cuboids (a. boxes or rectangular prisms) or various shapes made of unit cubes.aspx?ID=70 Cubes Fill a box with cubes.uk/online/symmetry.html Geometric Solids Manipulate various geometric solids.zefrank.html Sample worksheet from www. rows of cubes.uk/online/reflection.teacherled. illustrating volume.girlsgotech.com/resources/cuboidexplode/cuboidexplodeload.Online Kaleidoscope Create your own kaleidoscope creation with this interactive tool.swf Primary Resources: Reflection Color the squares and reflect the given pattern in a line. http://www.com/resources/isoexplode/isoexplodeload. and then fold in the sides of the box.usu. Color the solid to investigate properties such as the number of faces. or layers of cubes.nctm.primaryresources.swf Make Your Own Mandala A mandala is a circular symmetrical design based on eights.teacherled.org/ActivityDetail. http://nlvm.co. and vertices. http://www. edges.html and www. http://illuminations. Make your own and experiment with symmetry.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_195_g_2_t_2.

d. c. Find how many squares is the area of the shaded figures. The area is ______ squares. c. The area is ______ squares. The area is ______ squares.Getting Started with Area How many little squares do you need to cover this rectangle? How many little squares is the area? The area is ______ squares. 3. b. a. Use MULTIPLICATION. d. a. The area is ______ squares. 2. . The area is ______ squares. b. The area is ______ squares. The area is ______ Sample worksheet fromsquares. www. The area is ______ squares. The area is ______ squares. Cover the shaded shapes with little squares. 1. The area is ______ squares.com 53 b. Find how many squares are the areas. The area is ______ squares. c. How many do you need? a.mathmammoth.

Use multiplication to find the area. 5. What is the area of the shaded yard? 6. The area is ______ squares.4. Divide this shape below into TWO rectangles. and two with an area of 24. b. How many squares do you need to cover the shaded area? a. c. Sample worksheet from www.com 54 . Draw rectangles (and squares): two with an area of 16.mathmammoth. The area is ______ squares. b. a.

a. The area is ______ square centimeters. The area is ______ square centimeters. The area is ______ square centimeters.com 55 . 8. Each square's side is ____ cm long. Sample worksheet from www. Measure the side of a few little squares on this grid. c. each square's side is _________________ long. b. Each little square has the area of 1 square centimeter. Then find the areas of the rectangles a. using a centimeter ruler.7. and c. Draw a rectangle with an area of 3 square inches.mathmammoth. Each little square has the area of 1 square inch. In this grid. b.

.......................... Then......... and rulers..Chapter 8: Measuring Introduction The eighth chapter of Math Mammoth Grade 3-B Complete Worktext covers measuring-related topics... So encourage the student(s) to have free play time with measuring devices such as a scale...... comes measuring weight............. The lessons still contain plenty of hands-on exercises........... and introduces fluid ounces............ Kilometers and More..... The student will first learn to measure short distances to the nearest quarter inch..................... The lessons also practice the conversion between units................. 63 72 74 81 84 85 88 90 92 94 Centimeters and Millimeters .... After that we study measuring volume..................... The last two lessons deal with measuring temperature... Here the student is expected to know the units cup................ Estimate Weight 2 .... The student learns how to measure the weight of light objects using ounces and then grams.. The lesson practices them further...... the customary system of units feet......... Millileters and Liters ...... The Lessons page Measuring to the Nearest Fourth-Inch . Review .............. Measuring Temperature: Fahrenheit...... quart....... and then the metric system of ones meters and kilometers.......... Next....... Yards and Miles...... Practicing with Units of Volume. 76 Sample worksheet from www... and using them is the key to remembering what they are and what the conversion factors are............................... yards............ Using Grams .. Measuring Temperature: Celsius. The later grades will practice the unit conversion even more. measuring cups. We all use various measuring units in our everyday life..... pint................mathmammoth...... Both metric system and customary system units are covered........... but the emphasis is shifting to the abstract conversions between different measuring units. while people elsewhere do not use the customary system... Measuring Length in the Metric System: Meters. 68 span 5 pages 4 pages 2 pages 2 pages 5 pages 3 pages 3 pages 3 pages 2 pages 2 pages 2 pages 2 pages Using Ounces ....... Naturally............ using Fahrenheit or Celsius scale.... of course... the lessons cover units used for longer distances: First..................... Feet....... The units your child is not using are likely to be forgotten easily......com 61 ............ people in the United States often do not use the metric system a lot........... and gallon from the second grade.. and miles.......... Then comes a lesson about the metric system units for volume: milliliters and liters.... and using centimeters and millimeters.. a measuring tape...........

html Bunny Balance Place bunnies on the balance until it is even.com 62 .mathmammoth.com/games/bunnybalance. and quizzes about measuring time.shtml Reading Scales Helps teachers to illustrate a variety of measuring devices and how to read them. volume. http://www.html Measures Activities. and temperature conversions. US length and volume.com/2009/02/18/reading-scales-2/ Sample worksheet from www.htm Reading a Tape Measure Worksheets Worksheet generator . http://themathworksheetsite.teacherled.funbrain. inches.Helpful Resources on the Internet Measure It! Practice measuring lines with either centimeters or inches. number values.aaamath.com/measure/index. symbols. revision bites.com/read_tape.peepandthebigwideworld. metric mass. http://www. http://www.com/B/mea. http://www. and capacity (in metric units). length. Multiple choice questions. weight. or inches & feet.you can choose to which accuracy to measure.bbc.html Measurements Online lessons with interactive exercises on metric prefixes.co.uk/schools/ks2bitesize/maths/shape_space_measures. http://onlineintervention.

Millimeters are pretty tiny! Look at the ruler: there are 10 millimeters in each centimeter. The distance from one little line to the next line is 1 millimeter. The numbers signify whole centimeters. ______ cm ______ mm b. ______ cm ______ mm Sample worksheet from www. 1. We write 1 mm. Then count how many little millimeter-lines beyond that it reaches. a. All the little lines between those are for millimeters. Measuring lines First see how many whole centimeters long the line is.Centimeters and Millimeters This ruler measures in centimeters.com 68 . This line is 4 cm 8 mm long. This line is 2 cm 3 mm long.mathmammoth. Measure the lines using the ruler.

______ cm ______ mm 2. 10 cm 5 mm c.mathmammoth. a. ______ cm ______ mm f. 12 cm 6 mm Sample worksheet from www. 7 cm 8 mm b. Draw lines using a ruler. ______ cm ______ mm g.com 69 .c. ______ cm ______ mm e. ______ cm ______ mm d. 1 cm 4 mm d.

and millimeters with millimeters. they measure together 16 mm OR 1 cm 6 mm. choose the nearest mark. Item Length _____ cm ______ mm The first arrow is 8 mm. If the item is not exactly as long as the markers on the ruler. but whenever you have 10 or more millimeters. The second arrow is 1 cm 8 mm. The second arrow is 8 mm too. 5 cm 2 mm + 7 cm 4 mm = ___cm ___mm 10 cm 8 mm + 7 cm 7 mm = ___ cm ___ mm d. remember that 10 millimeters makes 1 centimeter.com 15 mm + 14 mm = ___ cm ___ mm 70 . 4 cm + 1 cm 8 mm = 5 cm 8 mm You can add centimeters with centimeters.3. using a centimeter-millimeter ruler. 5 mm + 25 cm 8 mm = ___ cm ___ mm 13 cm 9 mm + 50 cm 2 mm = ___ cm ___ mm 9 mm + 17 mm + 2 cm 2 mm = ___ cm ___ mm Sample worksheet from www. End-to-end. 8 mm + 8 mm = 16 mm = 1 cm 6 mm The first arrow is 4 cm. b. 9 mm + 6 mm = 15 mm = 1 cm 5 mm 8 cm 4 mm + 3 cm 7 mm = 11 cm 11 mm = 12 cm 1 mm 4.mathmammoth. Figure out these “line additions”. Together they measure 5 cm 8 mm. 1 cm 5 mm + 5 mm = ___ cm ___ mm 8 mm + 9 mm = ___ cm ___ mm c. a. Measure items you can find at home.

mathmammoth. Measure the sides of this triangle. and 6 cm 6 mm. c. 10 mm = ____ cm 90 mm = ____ cm 100 mm = ____ cm 270 mm = ____ cm 17 mm = 1 cm 7 mm 22 mm = ____ cm ____ mm 48 mm = ____ cm ____ mm 67 mm = ____ cm ____ mm 102 mm = ____ cm ____ mm 267 mm = ____ cm ____ mm 859 mm = ____ cm ____ mm 450 mm = ____ cm ____ mm 7. The sides of a triangle are: 5 cm 2 mm. Side AB _____ cm _____ mm Side BC _____ cm _____ mm Side CA _____ cm _____ mm Perimeter _____ cm _____ mm 8.com 71 . 7 cm 9 mm. Change between millimeters and centimeters. What is the perimeter? Sample worksheet from www. a. b. and find the perimeter (“all the way around”). a. c. b. Change between centimeters and millimeters. 1 cm = ____ mm 2 cm = ____ mm 5 cm = ____ mm 8 cm = ____ mm 1 cm 1 mm = 11 mm 1 cm 2 mm = ____ mm 1 cm 8 mm = ____ mm 2 cm 3 mm = ____ mm 4 cm 5 mm = ____ mm 2 cm 5 mm = ____ mm 7 cm 8 mm = ____ mm 10 cm 4 mm = ____ mm 6.5.

...........after all... The problem 12:3 would be: “If you have 12 people....... such as the remainder. and the concepts of remainder and divisibility.......... it is like backwards multiplication.... 110 114 118 122 span 4 pages 4 pages 4 pages 4 pages 4 pages 4 pages 3 pages Sample worksheet from www......com 96 . 27 ÷ 3... For example..... The Lessons page Division as Making Groups ... For example...................mathmammoth... the problem 12:3 would be.. how many bananas does each one get?” The second method has to do with grouping. Zero and One Division . 106 Dividing Evenly into Groups . 28 ÷ 3....... The first method has to do with dividing objects between a certain number of persons.. how many groups of 3 people can you make?” These two interpretations of division are important to understand so that your child can solve problems of everyday life. and finally the typical school-book method is presented... such as 25 ÷ 3.... 26 ÷ 3................. Checking Division with a Remainder ......... children can have difficulties in related concepts... After that........ etc... cementing the link between multiplication and division........ when studying the remainder.. divisibility.. it is explained that you can find the remainder by looking at a certain difference.. 98 Division and Multiplication ... The child can start studying division even if he still needs some practice with the multiplication tables.......... and later in factoring and long division (the latter two are not dealt with in third grade). The prerequisite for this chapter is knowing the times tables fairly well. but he should finish mastering the tables before advancing very much with the lessons of this chapter.............. However. The chapter at hand provides plenty of practice and stresses understanding of concepts.... When Division is not Exact .. There are basically two ways of illustrating division with concrete objects. The aim of in this chapter is to lay a good foundation in basic division..... “If you have 12 bananas and 3 people.... 102 Division and Multiplication Facts .... Understanding these is required when studying (later) factoring and long division......... The division concept in itself is not very difficult . Then he explores the pattern found in dividing sequential numbers by the same number.Chapter 9: Division Introduction The ninth chapter of Math Mammoth Grade 3-B Complete Worktext covers basic single-digit division............ the student first finds the remainder with the help of pictures which is equivalent to using manipulatives...... and then to solidly study the concepts of the remainder and divisibility... I don't wish the student to memorize procedures without understanding the “why” (rote memorization)........

.com/ ArithmeTiles Use the four operations and numbers on neighboring tiles to make target numbers. http://www.simplekidsmath. http://www....com/osa/index... http://www...........html Mystery Picture Game Using division and addition.. http://www.. 127 2 pages 2 pages Helpful Resources on the Internet Rectangle Division Practice division with remainders using a rectangle model.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_193_g_2_t_1..htm Exuberant Eye games Practice your basic facts with these kid-appealing simple games..com 97 ..usu....spacetime..Division Connection.htm MathCar Racing Keep ahead of the computer car by thinking logically..com/ Math Magician games Flashcard problems in all 4 operations..com/2008/math/m/mystery2AD...thegreatmartinicompany.php?game=23 Sample worksheet from www..games.... http://www.com/inequalities/multiplicationdivinequality.. http://nlvm.mathmammoth.com/math/arithmetiles/index.us/arcade/play.... http://www..html Mr.....oswego.... http://www.. 125 Review of Division ..funbrain...html Simple Kids Math Online practice of the four operations.dositey......html Math Mountain Climb to the top of the mountain by answering simple math questions faster than your opponent (computer or human)..exuberanteye.org/ocsd-web/games/Mathmagician/cathymath. Answer 20 questions in 1 minute........Fraction . http://www..primarygames..... and practice any of the four operations at the same time... Martini's Classroom: Multiplication and Division Inequalities Compare expressions involving basic multiplication and division..

b. 8 ÷ 2 = ___ c. ___ ÷ 2 = ___ d. Divide into two groups. Division gives the answer to TWO different problems: Making certain size groups .mathmammoth.Dividing Evenly into Groups Sally's Joe's If you divide 12 bananas evenly between Joe and Sally. How many groups? OR Divide 18 evenly into three groups (or between three people). Divide into three groups. ___ ÷ 3 = ___ Divide into three groups. Divide into two groups. ___ ÷ 3 = ___ Sample worksheet from www. How many in each group? (How many does each person get?) 1.how many groups? OR Making certain amount of groups . 12 ÷ 2 = __ You can use DIVISION to solve this problem. a. how many does each one get? Joe and Sally both get ___ bananas. Divide things evenly into groups.how many in each group? 18 ÷ 3 = ? Make groups of 3.com 110 .

40 ÷ 8 = b. a. Divide into four groups. Make 1 group c. Divide. ___ ÷ ___ = ___ e. Make 10 groups d. Make 2 groups 21 ÷ 3 = ___ ___ ÷ 1 = ___ ___ ÷ 10 = ___ ___ ÷ 2 = ___ 4. 100 ÷ 10 = 24 ÷ 3 = 64 ÷ 8 = Sample worksheet from www. Divide into five groups. 48 ÷ 12 = c. a.com 72 ÷ 6 = 27 ÷ 3 = 80 ÷ 10 = 45 ÷ 9 = 111 . ___ ÷ ___ = ___ d. ___ ÷ ___ = ___ 3. ___ ÷ ___ = ___ Divide into six groups. Remember to think about the multiplication problem. Divide into four groups. Make 3 groups b.2. 99 ÷ 9 = 36 ÷ 6 = 56 ÷ 7 = f. a. ___ ÷ ___ = ___ f.mathmammoth. Divide into one group. Divide evenly into groups and write a division sentence. ___ ÷ ___ = ___ c. b. 30 ÷ 5 = 60 ÷ 6 = 25 ÷ 5 = e. Divide into five groups. 36 ÷ 9 = 6÷3= 16 ÷ 2 = d. Divide evenly into groups and write a division sentence.

and Tammy equally divided b.5. How l. It takes 8 eggs to groceries were in. How many marbles were in each row? total of seven rows PLUS one additional row with 8 chairs. a. How many eggs broke if each carton holds 12 eggs? make an omelet for the family.or you can even draw a picture of the situation. Sally. You can fit 12 crayons into a box. How many people do you have in seven d. Mom has 24 eggs. All of the eggs in two cartons broke. There were 10 chairs in each row. Joe divided a plank 27 inches long into vans if each van has five people in it? three parts. and a 5 rows. Joe. The class has 30 students. Is it asking for total? Or do you know the total already and you are asked “how many groups/parts” or “how many in each group/part”? Write a division or multiplication sentence for each problem. One foot is 12 inches. How many did each one get? of a class of 25 students. Jack's board was 3 students into a van. How many crayons are in 4 full boxes many boxes do you need for 60 crayons? and in one box with only five crayons? Sample worksheet from www. The teacher wanted to make 5 groups out 36 cherries. and all except one egg from a third carton broke.mathmammoth.com 112 . How many omelets can she make? k. You can fit 5 f. Try to “see” each situation in your mind . Oh no! Kenny dropped the box that the j. but how long was it in inches? g. How many students were in each group? c. How many chairs were there? i. Ken placed 40 marbles in rows. How long was each part? e. How many vans are needed? feet and 5 inches long. He made h.

7 × 6 = __ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ f.com 113 . c.mathmammoth. Make two division sentences from one multiplication sentence. 1 × 11 = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ 7 × 8 = __ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ 9 × 6 = __ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ 7 × 1 = __ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ What numbers can go into the puzzles? The first one is totally empty so you can make one puzzle of your own! ÷ ÷ ÷ = = ÷ = ÷ = = 9 ÷ ÷ ÷ = 3 = 6 ÷ = 2 = 4 ÷ ÷ ÷ = 4 = 5 = 5 Sample worksheet from www. 6 × 8 = __ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ k. 10 × 12 = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ i. a. 3 × 12 = ___ __ ÷ 12 = __ __ ÷ 3 = __ e. d.6. b. 11 × 12 = __ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ l. 9 × 8 = __ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ h. 7 × 4 = __ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ j. 5 × 10 = __ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ ___ ÷ ___ = ___ g.

. In the lesson Multiplying in Columns .. 135 Multiplying in Parts .... but first asks the student to think based on examples... but if you feel your child can grasp it..... The lesson does not use that name but talks about “multiplying in parts”...... you can point it out...... if you multiply a number by 20....... and adding the results. The “easy way” just shows more plainly what the procedure is based on.............. nothing prevents you from presenting it to your child now..... The Lessons page Multiplying by Whole Tens and Hundreds .... If the student does not notice it............ Basically............com 133 .......Chapter 10: More on Multiplication Introduction The tenth chapter of Math Mammoth Grade 3-B Complete Worktext deals with multiplying by whole tens........ 139 Multiplying in Columns ...... Multiplying a number by ten of course means just appending a zero to it: 10 × 24 = 240............ This principle is the basis for the procedure of multiplying vertically (in columns)............. Part 2 .... 151 Review ......... because multiplying by 20 is the same as multiplying by 2 and by 10....the Easy Way.................... multiplying by 100 means appending two zeros to the number.............. we study a very important principle that is normally called the distributive property.... you multiply 6 × 17 by first multiplying 6 × 10...........the Easy Way ........... you can multiply it by 2 and append a zero...... and using those skills to multiply vertically using an “easy way” ...... 153 span 4 pages 4 pages 3 pages 2 pages 3 pages 2 pages 1 page Sample worksheet from www... 146 Order of Operations ........... multiplying in parts... Continuing on.the Easy Way we use this exact idea to multiply numbers in parts and adding the partial results......... 143 Multiplying in Columns . Later on in the lesson Multiplying in Parts... This way to multiply is just a variation of the common multiplication algorithm...... by 100...... 148 Problem Solving ... Similarly...a variation of the standard algorithm....... and it is easier to understand why it works..mathmammoth.... The lesson Multiplying by Whole Tens and Hundreds does not give the rule for multiplying by whole tens or hundreds outright..... then 6 × 7....... Children will get plenty of practice of the more common way during fourth grade.......

org/ActivityDetail.html Math Playground Learn how to think algebraically with these clever weighing scales.mathplayground.com 134 . www. http://wildaboutmath. http://www. http://nlvm.Helpful Resources on the Internet Rectangle Multiplication An interactive tool that illustrate multiplying in parts using the area model. interactive math tool that helps students learn how to solve multistep word problems. Choose the “common” option for multiplying in parts.com/thinkingblocks.html Thinking Blocks Thinking Blocks is an engaging.multiplicationtool. http://www.com/algebraic_reasoning.php Sample worksheet from www.usu.mathmammoth.aspx?ID=131 Multiplication Tool This online tool lets you illustrate and/or practice multi-digit multiplication using the standard algorithm.nctm.homeschoolmath.mathplayground. or the lattice method.org Mental Math Tricks for Multiplication Includes some very basic common-sense ones such as multiplying by 9 or multiplying by doubling and halving.html Interactive Pan Balance Each of the four shapes is assigned a certain weight. http://www.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_192_g_2_t_1. partial products algorithm.com/2007/11/11/impress-your-friends-with-mental-math-tricks Multiplication Games A list of online games and activities to practice multiplication facts. Place shapes on either side of the pan balance and figure out their relationships. http://illuminations. Scroll down to Multiplication and Division.net/online/multiplication.

. We multiply the tens and ones separately and then add: 3 × 27 = 60 + 21 = 81 1..com 139 .but let's group them differently → three groups of 20 = 60 three groups of 7 = 21 Each 27 is 20 + 7. 3 × 65 = ______ + _____ = ______ Sample worksheet from www. . 4 × 41 = ______ + _____ = ______ 3 × 60 =______ 3 × 5 = ______ c..Multiplying in Parts Look carefully how we can solve 3 × 27.mathmammoth. Three groups of 27. Your turn! Multiply the tens and ones separately. Then add.. 5 × 23 = ______ + _____ = ______ 4 × 40 = ______ 4 × 1 = ______ b. five groups of 20 = ______ five groups of 3 = ______ a.

Break the second number into tens and ones. 4 × 93 17 is ____ + ____ 4× 4× + 54 is ____ + ____ 93 is ____ + ____ + + Sample worksheet from www. 5 × 17 b. and add. 1. 6 × 18 18 is 10 + 8 Study these examples.Example. 7 × 54 f. We multiply the tens and the ones separately by 7: 32 is 30 + 2. 210 + 14 224 3.com 140 . The answer is 224. 8 × 41 c. a. 5 × 37 17 is ____ + ____ 5 × 10 = 5×7= + 41 is ____ + ____ 8 × 40 = 8×1= + 5× 5× 37 is ____ + ____ + d. too! 6 × 10 = 6×8= 60 + 48 108 5 × 51 51 is 50 + 1 5 × 50 = 5×1= + 250 5 255 2. 2. We break 32 into its tens and ones. 7 × 30 = 210 and 7 × 2 = 14. Lastly. Multiply separately. 4 × 17 e.mathmammoth. we add. Let's solve 7 × 32.

com 141 . and add. 8 × 115 8 × 100 = 8 × 10 = 8×5= + 3× 3× 3× + c. a. b. c.3. tens. and ones. 4 × 231 f. 5 × 123 5 × 100 = 5 × 20 = 5×3= + b. 6 × 128 + + + 4. Now break the second number into three parts: hundreds. Multiply separately. 3 × 257 d. Continue the patterns.mathmammoth. 3 × 317 e. Think: What multiplication table can I use? a. 3 × 80 = 4 × 80 = 5 × 80 = 30 × 6 = 40 × 6 = 50 × 6 = 1 × 10 = 2 × 20 = 3 × 30 = Sample worksheet from www.

mathmammoth. How many minutes did he study in all? Sample worksheet from www.5. How much do six haircuts cost? If you can get six haircuts for a discounted price of \$65. Mom bought five sheets and a blanket. How much was her total bill? b. How much was her total bill? c. The sheets cost \$15 each. How many books did he read in total from January through December? d. Write a number sentence(s) for the problems. but in May he only got 12 books. each costing \$14. Bill gets 20 books out of the library each month. and three bottles of Multivitamin. Liz bought four jars of Vitamin C for the price of \$26 each. how much money do you save? e. A haircut costs 13 dollars. Jack studied for an exam 75 minutes each day for one week.com 142 . a. and the blanket cost \$7.