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Tamar Mikeladze

What are moths?


A moth is an insect related to the butterfly
approximately 160,000 species of moth (nearly ten

times the number of species of butterfly) most species of moth are nocturnal () The Modern English word "moth" comes from Old English "moe"

Relation to science
The study of butterflies and moths - lepidoptery
biologists that specialize -lepidopterists watching butterflies and moths butterflying

and mothing. term "mother" for someone who engages in this activity sometimes (moth-er) in spelling. /mr/, not */mr/.

Moth larvae, or caterpillars (),

make cocoons ( ) from which they emerge as fully grown moths with wings. Some moth caterpillars dig holes in the ground, where they live until they are ready to turn into adult moths.

Damage by moths
Forest agricultural plants

fruit farms, crops eat fabric ()such as clothes and blankets () made from nature fibers such as wool (, ) or silk (). Moth larvae may be killed by freezing the items which they infest for several days at a temperature below 8 C (18 F).

Some moths
are farmed - silkworm - build cocoons.

Silk industry - 130 million kilograms of raw silk, worth about 250 million U.S. dollars, each year. Most moth adults do not eat at all do not have mouths. When they do eat, moths will drink nectar.

Moths are also eaten by


some bats,
owls species of birds

lizards
cats dogs Rodents some bears

Attraction to light
Moths appear to circle artificial lights the reason for this behavior remains unknown. One hypothesis - transverse orientation.

Example of the Moon - fly in a straight line. the moon will always be in the upper part of the visual field or on the horizon. closer artificial light - instinctively attempts to correct by turning toward the light - a spiral flight path that gets closer and closer to the light source.

Mottephobia
Mottephobia is the fear of moths or butterflies. The

origin of the word motte is German (meaning moth) and phobia is Greek (meaning fear).

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