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Dialogic In-class Back Channel Outside of Class Discussions In-class Directed Discussion

Uses: ad hoc class discussions, real- Uses: extend class discussions, Uses: Open or guided questions
time commenting, recording exchange comments about with student responses collected
divergent viewpoints readings or questions about for later analysis
Benefits: engages less vocal Benefits: engages all students in
students, archives otherwise Benefits: community building, discussions in large lecture classes
ephemeral comments continuity between class sessions

Tracking Activities Lightly Structured Activities Metacognitive/Reflective Activities

Uses: find and follow instructor, Uses: solicit course feedback, offer Uses: students report on self
experts in the field, or key topics ambient office hours, poll class, learning, articulate their difficulties,
Benefits: exposure to the larger language or writing practice recap the most valuable lesson of
the day
cultural conversation about the Benefits: flexibility, availability,
class material scalability Benefits: fosters critical thinking

Institutional communication Instructor Communication Pedagogical Communication

Uses: community outreach, alerts, Uses: announcements, syllabus Uses: sharing timely links and
Monologic announcements changes, reminders resources

Passive Student Activity Active

Twitter Adoption Matrix

Original concept by Rick Reo
Revised by Mark Sample

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