You are on page 1of 25

,

' ' .
( 1.1 - .)
' .
, , .
, . .
, DEA . ., DEA . , .
, . .
-
,


, . , ..

,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, , E4

- : .
- : ..
: . & .

, , ,
.

2

( )

11

6
pH pH .
( - )
12
7

.
14
8 ()
)

16

8 ()
)

18

..


'


, ,
.

,


o


, .. :

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

( , .).


.

.

( )
.
( )

( ) ;
6

..

2

( )

.

(
).

;

...

3


, .

.

. .
z

;
,
.
.
...
....
.
...
8

..

:
)

()

()

)
C

[ : ( + ) / 2]

()
...

()

[
]

(
).

;

10

..

5

:
.
.

1.

2.

3.


+ .

4.


+ 22


2
3


1 ;............................................................................

2 ;............................................................................

. CO2 ;
.....................................................................................................
(
22) ;

.

...

11

6
p H p H
. ( )

1

pH

.
;
.
;
..
;
..
12

..

6
p H p H
. ( )

pH;

pH
;
..
,
.

...

13

7

.
()
, . ;

14

..

7

.
CO2
( ).

() 2 O2
. ;
;

:
) ;
)
CO2 .

...

15

8 ()
)
1. .

1
2
3
4
5
6

2. ;

; .

3.
;

16

..

8 ()
)
4.
;

5.
;
;

6. Petri
;

...

17

8 ()
)
1. .

2
3
4
5
6

2. ;
;

3. ;

18

..

8 ()
)
4. ,
;

5. .
;

6. , -
;

...

19

:
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................

20

..

:
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
...

21

:
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
22

..

:
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
...

23