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. PAGE 5 SECTION Subject proposed I.. I. 9 SECTION Scheme of Evolution .. me- chanical working of the Diagrams . SECTION SECTION Altruism Mathematical Equivalent II.11 . the ... of Numerical Progression. . .. and their equivalent in Consciousness. SECTION VII. of . . and Onden 26 SECTION The three kinds VI.. . 53 The Evolution of the Higher Morality — —Philanthropy . . Onde. III.... Scales for the Angular Measurement of the Diagrams . Preface . The Ond.. Evolution through Polarity. IV... or Its principles of Representation . SECTION The Great Duality. Eurther explanation . 16 SECTION Y.. etc. PART I. Arithmetical..56 .31 37 50 Variation .CONTENTS. 14 SECTION Principles of Representation .. ... II. PART Negative Morality and its II. ... Geometrical. .. and Harmonical. of Sensefigures .. .. The Polar-Opposite forms and the Mean form Consciousness.

7.ground.ground of Life V. . 9. 18 to 23. Horn-shaped Ond Corolla. Fig. Fig. 12 to 17. Figs. . III. The Onden. 3. Plan of the Ond Corolla of the Solar Universe. . 14. The Onde. 14). Fig. Part I. Fig. Elevation of Ond Corolla. 1.. The Ond and Onde Corolla. 5. . 2. Figs. . Varieties of Foliated Corollas. 3. 18.80 89 DIAGRAMS. Figs.. 13. Foliated Ond and Onde Corollas.. .. 19. 10.Opposite forms and Onde Corollas . The Ond. The Ond . 64 SECTION SECTION The fourth standing.. 8. . 4. The Sphere and its counterpart form. 5. Figs. Bi-axial Onde Corolla (same scale as Fig. of the third ground. Fig. \ Perspective appearance of Ond Corolla.58 SECTION Bi-axial Corollas IV. Figs.4 CONTENTS. Further varieties of Foliated Corollas.. Figs. Part II. Fig.. Fig. Figs. PAGE SECTION The Polar. ... .. Another example of Horn-shaped Onde Corolla. . standing-ground of Life Appendix . 15. SECTION The fifth VII. Fig. 1. 6. Figs. . 16. 14. . 6. 4. The Ond Corolla of the Solar Universe. 2. f Bi-axial Ond Corolla. Fig. Fig. 17.. Fig. 10. Another example of Horn-shaped Ond Corolla. 11. Horn Corollas. Fig. 11. . 9. Variations of the Ond and Onde. 12. Figs.. Further variations of the Ond and Onde. Horn-shaped Onde Corolla. 8. . Variations of the third standing. Speculations on a fourth Dimension in Space .71 76 VI. . 7. Bi-axial Onde Corolla. .

but the which he has lived. at Auckland. has proved a hindrance when he wished solitude in to give out the result of his thought to the world. New Zealand. but should be executed with understanding according to sound principles of scientific conventionalisation. as Trigonometrical Computer . He went abroad to secure and freedom from distraction which the abstruse nature of his studies required. fully felt based on mathematics could that decorative art should not and he be altogether arbitrary and conventional. His mind turned towards the study of internal truth. and he resolved to quit his intended career in order to think out his philosophy of the quiet life.PREFACE. Benjamin Betts was born in the year 1832. difficult for much apart from men it has become him to make his ideas intelligible to After spending some time in India and the East. architecture not satisfy him. for having lived so very others. nor yet a slavish reproduction of natural forms. he obtained a post in the Government Civil Service. He was educated in England as an architect. while aiding his spiritual conceptions. and showed considerable promise of success but no system of .

Betts was attempting some physical science. led to his conception of the idea of developing a Science of Representation. Mr.6 PREFACE. The study of internal truth by degrees connected itself in his mind with ideas of form. Ruskin failed to perceive the intention of the diagrams. required. From this* he draws a of the Survey Department. and their significance is the science of sciences. but Mr. . For. not in metaLater. he sent them with a letter to Mr. Betts had also developed the corolla forms. Betts has relinquished his Government Post. though sincerely anxious to help and sympathise with her brother in his studies. modest income which enables him to devote all his leisure time to the metaphysical studies he delights in." When he had succeeded in developing the plane forms which are his symbols of sense-consciousness. Betts holds the opinion that for all true is work a union of the male and female mind Miss Betts. and could not be made mechanical. practically as well as theoretically." of the correspondence of the line and the circle with modes of consciousness. Ruskin. and replied that Art must be spontaneous. had not the mathematical and metaphysical training which might have enabled her to be of service to * Since the above was written Mr. when Mr. supposing that Mr. which combination was probably the result of his early training in by Fichte An analogy used Decorative and Architectural Art. he sent the series of diagrams to his sister. He perceived with Leo Grindon that " all forms are representative. new departure in Art. with a manuscript in which he attempted to explain them to her. in " The Science of Knowledge.

George Boole. Betts in . Betts's diagrams were sent to Mrs. allowed that Mr. He was on the point of starting for America when it was shown to him. as well as to many artists. so his manuscript of the spiritual evolution of Man inspired in him than an accurate explanation of his system of symbology. Also she showed the diagrams to many mathematical and scientific friends among others to the late James Hinton and the late Mr. seeing that no one more capable seemed likely to assist Mr. After the lapse of some time Mr. Betts imagined his that the forms was selfwas devoted rather to the outpouring of the emotion which the contemplation significance of representative evident. Mr. Spottiswoode. Betts appeared to have got hold of some idea. All mathematician. besides which Mr. She carried on a long correspondence with Mr. Betts. at least the work had a human interest. Boole was much fascinated by the diagrams. and ought to be preserved as being the life-work of an individual thinker. but he felt that even if it was not all that Mr.PREFACE. President of the Royal Society. Betts claimed it to be. but to discover exactly what it was required more labour and time than men immersed in important work of their own could give to it. Betts's work. . and made some allusions to his work in a little book entitled " Symbolic Methods of Study. Ultimately the present writer. rather from the mathematical than the metaphysical point of view. the widow of the Mrs. Julian Hawthorne also was interested in Mr. him." which she published in 1884. so that he was not able to study it to any considerable extent.

but his Western thought has also complement and explanation in that of the late Mr. it. for not only has his male thought been taken up and completed by a found East. undertook to leisure. So curiously enough the leading idea of Mr. Finch. make an abstract of having the necessary though no special qualification for the work beyond some natural bent of mind towards the study of spiritual philosophy.. finds a double illustration. a grandson of the learned Rajah Rammohun Roy. Fellow of Queen's and Senior Wrangler. Betts's Science of Life. . Q. Betts's symbology.PREFACE. its woman. Chatterji. through his extensive acquaintance with Eastern philosophy. that of polarity. Mr. preparing his work for publication.C. Mohini M. has also aided in the elucidation of Mr. has been of the greatest help in clearing up the obscurities of Mr. Betts's thought.

forms represent the course of development of human consciousness from the animal basis. He contemplates Man. Mr. follows number. SEP 6 . Betts that felt that consciousness all the only fact we can study directly. but from the metaphysical point of view thus the evolution of Man is for him . since other objects of knowledge must be perceived through consciousness. not from the physical. of Auck- New Zealand.1927 THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. human is the other transcending the limits of evolution. SUBJECT PKOPOSED. are considered in the following pages are the work of Mr. he considers. is the first reflecand most pure image of our subjective activity. SECTION I. tion Mathematical form. Mr.. Betts has spent more than twenty years in studying the evolution of Man. having a close relation to linear Then . to the spiritual or divine consciousness both which extremes are not man — the one underlying. the pure senseconseiousness. the evolution of human consciousness. Benjamin Betts. PART I. He attempts to represent the successive stages of this evolution by These means of symbolical mathematical forms. The diagrams which land.

essence. uncertain. "Number. exact. and they may be made of the greatest use in defining the meaning of scientific and metaphysical terms. But a true symbol when once the inner is perceived is felt to be necessary. or times. " The Science of Representation. and especially so for the expression of metaphysical ideas.— 10 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. are used in quite contrary senses by different people." the orderly repre- sentation evolution of plane after plaoe. OR conception. It can stand for that and nothing else or rather only that and whatever else is merely the repetition of it on a different plane. At least it must be granted that thought is stimulated and enriched by the development of an additional mode of expression. But words are inexact. and that therefore a system of linear mathematical symbols is superfluous. Such words as substance. " is the mediator between the corporeal and the incorporeal. science. correspondence with the thing signified. since otherwise the mind rejects them." It may be objected that we have already a system of word-symbols for the purpose of Representation." Philo said. passion. but within their narrower limits they have greater depth. supplies Hence mathematical form with number the fittest symbols for what Mr. by the same person at different Mathematics is par excellence the exact and mathematical symbols cannot be loosely they must be in strict applied . Betts calls by a system of symbolisation of the spiritual life. arbitrary. meaning The symbolic forms which Mr. Naturally mathematical diagrams are not capable of such wide and general application as words. Betts has evolved . satisfying.

II through his system of Representation resemble. the simple corollas. from the animal as the zero or starting-point of the human and proceeding onwards and upwards ends with that culmination of . each of which might be divided into various classes.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. the hornshaped corollas. He commences of progression. Betts's Representative diagrams of the trace the path monad through which he takes scale five planes or standing-grounds of human evolution. as it affords presumptive evidence that the laws he is studying intuitively admit of universal application. SECTION II. For instance. Betts of the fitness of the symbols he has developed. distinct sub- The fact that forms when he was studying assurance to he has accidentally portrayed planthuman evolution is an Mr. when developed in two dimensions. conventionalised but and beautifully conventionalised leafoutlines. basis. Mr. very scientifically amorphous developments of the Flora being readily reducible to law according to this method. When in more than two dimensions they approximate to the forms of flowers and crystals. and the bi-axial corollas would so-called many supply three main classes of flower forms. SCHEME OF EVOLUTION. These mathematical curves might serve as a truer and more scientific basis of classification for Botany than de Candolle's system or any other yet employed.

Self-gratification is the predo- minant motive on series of ground. forms. of which those They The second standing-ground tion is negative. possibilities OR. Betts has begun with the evolution of man. the reac- of the lower morality. which. and his further evolution being on it such a transcendent plane of existence that might be called divine. but the principles of evolution which he discovers through life his studies apply equally to the evolutions of higher or lower forms of consciousness. and those which he calls female or negative an apex greater than a right angle. The first human standing-ground this is that of rational sense-consciousness. All attempts to trace the course of the evolution of must begin at some point of the eternal circle. It is represented by a leaf- diagrams in two dimensions resembling which he calls positive or male forms usually have an apex less than a right angle. and even to those planes Only of existence which we usually term inanimate. which is positive. by studying ourselves. and in form resembles a leaf is about equal to a right angle. affords but a negative basis of consciousness for man. human when man becomes more than must be as a man. The symbolic two whose apex is representation of animal sense-consciousness in dimensions. are in pairs. can we ever at a true knowledge of the external. It is the ground Will is developed as distinguished from the mere impulsive volition of the first first. from the . The starting-point of the human evolution arrive is the animal sense-consciousness. Mr. though a positive plane of life for the lower animals.12 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. he believes.

but as servants not as masters. for it is not necessarily a true circle. but as a means Thus life. Mr. in union with the divine or universal Will. flowers. . fourth is again a negative standing-ground of the reaction from the third ground. The sensuous activities are now allowed free exercise again. The first. however. and the female series bell-shaped. from which sacrifice it is re-born as a spiritual Will. repressed. or rather a circumference. Work is the motive of this ground. for the consciousness extension. be death). now has depth as well as surface In form they resemble the corollas of series the male trumpet-shaped. the representation of forms actually possible in instead of being a point will be a circle. the spiritual evolution being that fifth ground. Self-control is 13 the predominant motive. The representative diagrams are in three dimensions. dimensions of the form are contracted to a point which is now not a mere point of possibility this as at but a focus of realised sensuous activity. since even the most advanced of humanity have scarcely entered upon it also ordinary being a negative and reactionary ground it would be on this . as the second first. ground consists rather in the circumscription than suppression of sensuous activity (the total suppression of sensuous activity would longer allowed exercise to an end. which for its is now no own sake.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. The life. from the It is the sacrifice of the personal Will. ground. Betts professes himself unable to give any representation of life ground. The third standing-ground Mr. it is Betts calls the ground of than truly of the spiritual activity. but rather psychical spiritual. Commonly.

All — since it contains the potentiality of everything. though the aspirations of thitherward consequently no definite tend few a conception can be formed of such a condition. every form of existence. SECTION THE GREAT DUALITY. no limit. As it the spiritual now becomes a positive plane of life tation if we were able would be capable of represento draw diagrams in four is dimensions. is spiritual. almost unrepresentable by diagram. EVOLUTION THROUGH POLARITY. this The motive of ground fifth is a yearning for union with the infinite. ETC. is non- . life. It is at once All and Nothing. the abstract noumenon. The tion. that which underlies every mode of phenomenal manifestation. except by inference from the analogies and correspondences of lower planes of life. The standing-ground the ground of intuitive knowledge.14 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. III. only attribute of a point is that it marks posi- Take away this attribute and in the unposited point we have a symbol of pure Being. limited Normal human beings have not yet . occult It is the plane of the —what we with our limited ideas of nature call the Supernatural. and to come. but our present consciousness to only three. it Nothing — since having no form. OK. past. at once Absolute Consciousness and Unconsciousness. or through the revelation of higher beings who have already developed this grade attained to this plane of of consciousness in themselves. present.

ex- Betts deduces the corollary " Being exists in variety.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. It is Consciousness and yet it is unconscious according to our conception of is consciousness. He represents this duality as a circuit activity proceeding from a point and a circumferential A 1 activity tending towards a point. existent. the polarisation of of Being. shall exist" their union comes first From law that " Being is Mr. so are these is They are what words Purusha and Prakriti. the unmanifested principles of soul and matter or form. of the impulse of desire and the condition of its fruition. Betts is obliged to postulate as the first — tion is to arise. but of manifestation. They the are all unmanifested principles. of energy and causation. expressed by the Sanscrit mining." If Infinite Being to be manifested in finite . Betts calls them the ideal activities of Positing and Deteractivities everywhere and nowhere. the great Alpha and Omega. for there to nothing beside itself for it be conscious of no differentiation of subject and object. law of evolution. As the unposited point is at once everywhere and nowhere. 15 itself. That " Being must exist " Mr. Mr. ManifestaThat Being may be manifest as first existence the unposited point divides into two. quoad nos.

comparatively unchanged. and the call other elements are related to this substance. may be called the unall differentiable differentiation of the One. is the one unchanging law of evolution. not of infinity. and have their being endures unchanged. Alpha and Omega. OR it must be through infinite variation of the cosmos would be a manifestation of monotony. Whereas it they are multitudinous. duality. In other words.16 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. alone. Only the abstract duality the polar aspects of the istence finite. to use a Sanscrit term again. is the eternal form of manifestation. it We "I." the subject of consciousness. antithesis. the is infinite the source of all things. The multitu- dinous changing elements we call the objects of con- . — SECTION IV. Maya. for otherwise the — — one substance. When we contemplate our consciousness — and in the we can contemplate consciousness as ours. Nothing is permanent in the universe. Under whatsoever changing forms it may appear. lies a proof of the duality of the self which will presently be brought to light in the diagrams when we confact that — template our consciousness we find there one element which differs from all the rest. chaotic. save impermanence change. polarity. It is one. PRINCIPLES OF REPRESENTATION. which and in which all things live. and move. changing.

lowest plane faculty. and besides. no within the ideal to say Existence circumference of Prakriti. sciousness. although not discretely different at different as times the objects of consciousness are. and so far its relation to own activities are concerned it is fixed. 17 The is relation of object to subject on the of. It has tendency of the ego to go out of absolute limit save that the ego is is itself. on a higher plane. itself to be different from . the centre of each diagram. we We as feel as if our centre its is were fixed. at least the phenomenal ego constantly moving.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. consequently the true representation of the ego would be an actual point constantly shifting orbit. intellectual I see. was during childhood or youth its position. . know that I see and think of some object. . is conis tinuously different. though the The ego what it of manhood feels noumenonis unchanged. I think . impulse. The ego always the centre of the diagram wherever the diagram may be located. The ego. it is only by discover reasoning that we become conscious of the changing nature of our ego just as by reasoning the motion of the earth. From ment of this central point of consciousness. desire. I sense. moviDg in it an is but for convenience of representation necessary to represent the actual point as fixed. This life-energy constitutes the It is possibility of the individual life. on the highest knowledge. itself is That limited by the abstract ideas of Time and B . the ego. is its proceeds a circuit of ideal activity which life-energy in endow- the abstract —the particular share of the lesser a (alpha) in the infinite circuit of the great A (alpha).

a sensation. In the present instance it connotes first . for the fruition of is desires." the inner reality. This agrees with Francis Galton's theory of the pulsatory character of attention. with the proximate a definite expres- determining cause. the basis of con- The circuit is indicated in the diagrams of by outgoing and incoming arrows. first he begins. Each determining cause conditions sion of consciousness. OB Space —the ego is dependent upon causation. hearing. taste. Every sensation alternates with a pause or blank of non-sensation. Betts uses the word " real" in a different sense from that in which " reality" is regarded as synonymous with " truth. not the evolution of a universe. . in the circuit of is unconscious life-energy which sciousness. and represents It will it by a dotted be observed that Mr.18 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. unconscious energy he calls ideal" activity. simple consciousness. the feeling this To succeed touch. Undiffe" rentiated. but the evolution of man. sight. The amount activity thus determined assumes a definite condition. All activity whose condition is determined or differentiated Mr. Betts of with the studying. Betts calls " real" activity. The first sensation produced is by the action of a determining cause of being alive. and smell and on the hypothesis of the Septenary law of perfectness there must still remain the possibility of two latent senses not yet determined. sents it in the diagrams by an ordinary line. the ebb from the state of consciousness to the state of unconsciousness again. and he repreline. Since Mr. condiits tion. instead great cause.

other vibrations having a slower rate. until finally Truth the only reality. apparent reality. interaction being impossible..— THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION.e. but a little vince us that causation is as much in the evolution of an existence as the possession of the life-energy itself. Mr. Betts plainly perceived that proximate deter- minants are but the links in the chain of causation." Causation acts. Reality or realisation first is in connection with external things. as a determinant the manifestation of the undifferentiated energy. sensations of . as was shown. gradually perceived more and more interiorly as consciousness developes through is succeeding stages. otherwise no result will arise. perceived as At first sight it may appear as though the deterconsideration must cona necessary element mining agent were something wholly foreign to the individual entity. to complete the subjective existence must be merely potential. Such application is not inconsistent with the derivation of the which has to do with the things the nominalism of the schoolmen. For instance. whatever may be plane of operation. word " real" felt belonging to things. Without a complementary activity. whose root is the law that " Being exists in variety. within definite limits of velocity cause a determination of consciousness as sensations of Light and Colour. objective activity. a determinant to have any effect at all it on For must be within certain limits of proportion to the activity determined. appearances. all not actual. its its ultimate analysis is resolvable vibrations vibration. Every conditioning agent. that 19 and affairs of sense. i. in into pulsation.

whose existence in no small number of persons it is hardly possible to doubt in face of the constantly increasing mass of affirmative evidence. and so for the other senses. OR sound. as Coleridge pictures in his beautiful fragment of " Kubla . so to speak. Distance would be practically annihilated. so that the determinant that produces the sensation of sight in us might excite the sense of hearing in them thus sight would be indeed " the music of the spheres. again. sound might be visible. for in Electricity a long line of action takes the place of a point of radiation. If the optic nerve could be related to some force akin to Electricity instead of Light an immense expansion of the power of vision would accrue. as we should be able to receive almost instantaneous optic telegrams of the most distant scenes. in accordance with the law of determination. tuning their instruments. ." " ! Or there might be beings of ampler development yet who could adjust any sense to any series of vibrations. dome in air. That sunny dome those caves of ice And all who heard should see them there. that beings might exist to It is not inconceivable whose internal activity the external vibrations we call Light and Sound might appear differently.— 20 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY." or with a changed relation . Some adjustment of this nature the may be the explanation of phenomena of clairvoyance and other of those mysterious inner senses. Khan" I would build that ! With music loud and long. We know through their chemical effects that there . to the required pitch. .

the warp isolated instants of consciousness. it is the counterpart is Mr. . which he can retain in his mind though developes the consciousness of the sense affection of which transitory. Possibly in the process of evolution. After the repeated recurrence of any sensation. using in the literal sense of the word. blue and indigo. sciousness of violet or we may develope the connew and unknown colours beyond the rays. a string of individual Such probably is the form of the consciousness of a young infant or of a total idiot a one-dimensional consciousness. the individual its identity. Betts it calls this power of ideation Imagination. the realisation of a subjective sensation and of an objective perception. of time is being spun.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. are rays of light vibrating violet rays. below the red It is a curious survival of a fragment of ancient occultism in modern science that we should resort to the expedient of splitting the colour blue into two. though slightly form. action of the determining agent It causes upon the ego Thus far twofold. in order to preserve the mystic number seven. holding them apart so that the colours of the . As a prism receives a beam of light and deflects the rays. but not the woof woven with varying in it. 21 more rapidly than the which cause us no answering sensation of colour. both of the subimage begins to form an jective sensation and of the accompanying objective perception. as our determining law enlarges. which are nothing but pale and dark blue. when The is really we can see only six colours in the spectrum. and he or idea. is existence but a vibratory line.

or rather circuit. subjective sensation proceeding the outer end of the line inwards. OR so spectrum are separated and distinguished. represented by a line at is right angles to each. of undetermined length proceeding from the central point. The unconscious state was represented by a dotted line. the line expanded to a surface.g. that of sight. nor distinguished by comparison. is represented in the diagrams by the Consciousness from one-dimensional becomes is two-dimensional. In the dia- gram it is the apex of the form. which at the present moment is exists only as an idea.. and holds apart and compares the different experiences. and this line also is polar. e. the ego. Comparison angle-. When more than two senses occupy Consciousness the lines representing . the positive re- presentative line on the right duplicated by a counterpart line hand of the diagram is on the left. Let us suppose a state of consciousness in which but two senses are developed is — sight and touch at — and that a the present sensation of touch being perceived moment. The conscious state is represented by an actual line of limited length. gination receives the Ima- stream of Consciousness.— 22 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. The not yet reflected as sensation of the present moment an idea. from the centre outwards. And since every idea dual it the positive idea of light brings with the negative complementary idea of darkness its complementary colour —therefore is —of a colour. This being a conscious state is diametrically opposed to the previous unconscious state. and sense perception from The other kind of sensation which has been realised. being opposed both to the existing conscious and the alternate unconscious state.

since because Experience is the resultant of forgotten as well as remembered facts of sensation and perception. so that are held apart also the negative function of and distinguished. calls Mr. its a polar activity. than when more modes of consciousness are differentiated. line by the contour.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. Although amount. out of which they originate activities. of Experience would be by Memory he means the recording a better designation. When studying the race rather than the individual Onden would symbolise the sense whose evolution is proceeding with the greatest activity at any given period the sense whose sensations are the most desired and which is becoming the most delithe apex of the — cately discriminative. Betts. to At the present time this seems be the sense of Imagination. the radii. being related to the ego as being its and therefore one. The various lines of differentiated activity. Betts this the line of Memory. combining them it has into a we feel the continuity of Consciousness to be unbroken. are united in the central point. Besides positive function of comparison whereby ideas unity. is according to Mr. it by a smaller does not follow that itself it is less in the form of Consciousness has become enlarged. but the activity. and consequently the distinctions more marked. 23 them are arranged radially round the centre. as the distinction must then be represented angle. taste. This is represented in the diagrams of the figure. and separated at their . . the outer boundary. the ego. At the same time it is quite possible that when the number of modes of manifestation is very limited the sensations are more vivid.

They are recombined by the entity. the ego. been present in consciousness dies The idea which has down into a latent . There is yet one other step of the sense- consciousness to be represented.. . contour. which is ideal.g.— 24 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. OR circumferential ends. first. as being comprised within the consciousness of the particular The same union. We have now. the line of experience. or bare ego. and the Comparison of it with previous ideas is represented by the angle through which it is turned. represented by a dotted circuit next we have the consciousness of of ideation. The formation of an idea is represented by the reflection of the line in a new direction. Sensation. unmanifested. Then follows the after consciousness of Imagination. own object line from the and immediately following or rather accompanying Sensation we have objective I see. represented by an ordinary . distinct and manifold. I form an idea which combines my seeing and the object and I distinguish it from other ideas by Comparison. the Abstract Consciousness. . . the consciousness is of a not-I — I see . centre. for a line previous ideas in life is the unity of the experience line of represented by the boundary of the figure. outwards Perception. separation. or the ego manifested as its e. The combining of this idea with of the line of sensation. in which they are themselves. an object. and recombination takes place for the negative as well as for the positive lines They may be compared to the positive and negative spectra of polarised light. Perception represented by the reverse AB cannot be drawn without its polar opposite the line BA becoming determined.

I can direct my attention to it again. . This is represented by the dotted obverse form in the diagrams. its realised forms and the formless causal objectively. and it recognise it. for the image of the idea I have formed remains with me in a latent state. can only be subjectively. consequently this state is sometimes called it can cause the idea to be and again. for we cannot realise activity itself which life.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. or unconscious state . not realised. The idea of Matter. the very substance of it As it the obverse of Sensation substance of gives reflex arises is the realisation of the and as the obverse of Perception permanence to the world of objects by giving a feeling of substance to these also whence . We infer have no senit suous perception of matter. In it the causal image of everything that has the causal state. is potentially The causal consciousness is felt as a permanent substratum or substance of Thought which vibrates between idea. as in the original circuit of ideal activity every idea that can be realised in the consciousness contained. It is dotted because it is an ideal state. our conception of matter as the changeless substance of the objective forms we perceive. 25 the attention is withdrawn from and directed to something else. only dimly felt. The idea is not gone from the consciousness entirely. The causal form is is it the realisation subjectively. like that of Life. since realised again been realised in the consciousness is contained. realised. of the ideal life. not objectively. we from the persistence of our ever-changing impressions of objects of sense.

26 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. The having increasing distinction sense. Ond and Onde. The figures numbered 1. The alpha form he names the Ond. OR SECTION V. whence they are evolved. 1. the human calls it it or Mr. AND SENSE-CONSCIOUSNESS. This variation is represented by the introduction of a numerical scale for dividing the lines of perception and angles of • imagination. In the Onden a scale is used. the which are the counterparts of omega forms. 3. 6. and distinguishes positive. for the measure- ment of the successive limitations of consciousness. having a series of equal terms. Betts the neutral or undetermined form. For the Ond. 1. marks the between the purely animal and the rational . represent the animal sense-consciousness which underlies rational sense-consciousness. 3. the terms. any scale having a constantly increasing For the ratio of progression is used. human sense-consciousness. Mr. 9. 11. as 1. the omega form the Onde. 7. ONDEN FIGURES. as 1. 10. THE POLAR-OPPOSITE FORMS AND THE MEAN FORM OF THE OND. 1. male or and figures these. Onde the scale is reversed. denote the genera. Betts indifferently or alpha form of 8. by the name of the Onden (Undo). they negative or female or include endless specific variations of form according to the varying proportion of the polar activities. 2. being applied in the oppofact of the scale site direction. ONDE. instead of equal terms. 4. 2.. The calls figures 4. etc. 5. The terms.

etc. Mr. 4... vanced consciousness. than as the senses themselves.g. 1*4.— — — 27 THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. 3. he was destroyed. succeeded him.. 2-5. perhaps that of a member of a removed from the brutes 35. etc. . man may be evolved from a broader or narrower basis of animalism. amount of intensity in the scale of progression denoting e. or world periods.1. would represent still higher intelligence. but conceives different that in different worlds. would represent a more adlittle 1. male and female. yet one whose purpose of life is still on the sensuous plane.g. 15. 11. 2. 3. and so on. In the rational consciousness the differentiated acti- — — vities must be regarded rather as faculties derived through sense e.1. the hypo- thesis of Septenary completeness be adopted. 1. up to the rational consciousness of a highly civilised man. speech and music through hearing. It would seem as if in the Onden the number of five. if 1. scales He forms Ondens with having any given number of equal terms. 1. 2. or at any rate to seven. etc. Per- haps he does not regard the number of possible senses as limited. and man the biped. 5. 6. pastoral race or an agricultural one.. the degree of rationality attained represent animal consciousness. Betts has not so limited them. falling short of his high destiny. l. might be taken to represent the order of consciousperhaps some bushman or ness of a very low savage — cave-dweller but 1. if terms in the scale should be limited to senses the five we have. 1*2. 1*3. There is an ancient Persian legend which represents man as having been created first a quadruped a horse-man or centaur but.

Within these expanding circles of possibility the actual form of the consciousness.— 28 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. as his different desires accord- ing to some ratio of proportion. each mode of sense-consciousness. a to new term to the numerical scale. being extended further within the eternally-limiting circle enclosing circumference of Prakriti (which might be represented by a dotted smaller each diagram) . but man discriminates between Numbers terms. the terms of the scale have an increased ratio of proportion). but the ratio of acceleration will not be manifest unless the line discontinuous portions.e. : expanding simultaneously with the whole both their area becomes greater and their distinctions more marked (i. and hence may be taken the representation of a continuously increasing activity or motion. OR Apparently an animal experiences an equally vivid enjoyment in the exercise of any of its faculties..e. From time to time some new mode of consciousness. . a new circle is added to the diagram. is broken up into limit of possible At every moment the temporary is consciousness. and each is circle. the outermost circle in the Ond diagram. according which it is evolved. are discontinuous. Thus progress is both continuous and discontinuous. is differentiated i. the realised experience of the ego expands. some new faculty. continuous progress in discrete forms the line divided by application of : number to it.. A numerical scale of acceleration expresses the relations of discontinuous A line is continuous. The interaction of the positive activity of the ego.

is added to objective extension of con- This progressive qualification of consciousness cation of consciousness is represented by the Onde. from the abstract to the concrete. much won from the domain of the ideal to that of the real. Thus intension sciousness. the Ond and Onde may be regarded as representatives of various other antithetical counterparts which are in correspondence with these e. Mutatis mutandis. Such interaction is followed by a reaction in which the poles of the activities are reversed. and that of the ego passive.g. Objects have an emotional effect upon the it ego which its cognises and compares. The former starts from is an objective circumference absolutely limited for the time being. as the progressive quantifi- by the Ond. and the Onde the form of the Emotion of a rational ego on the sense plane. for although man and woman . The Ond may be called the form of the Intellect. That of the determinant becoming positive. and qualifies itself subjectively ad infinitum. The latter starts from a centre of possibility and extends itself ad infinitum into objectivity. taking stock of itself as emotions and relating them to its modificasubjective tions of the quality of existence. consciousness adds Each by the ego of the non-ego as an object of some accretion to the entire quantity It is so of consciousness realised. produces several the consciousness of objective reality.— THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. Thus a complementary form of consciousness is evolved. a form contingent on the evolution of the first form. of man and woman. 29 and the negative cognition activity of the determinant..

terms of the scale and the increase of their the angle becomes greater and greater and the form tends more and more infinity the to become circular. viz.. Determined to circle. each having intellectual in and emotional consciousness. OR considered independently are alike. yet. the originator. would be resolved into which may therefore be regarded as to infinity it the ideal type or limit of intellectual operation. and by whichever method it is formed. Were possible to determine the a straight Ond line. and whatever the number of terms in the scale used. circumference to centre in progressive ratio of acceleration instead of from centre to circumference. a neutral form the androgene from which sex is evolved. In the Onde the activities are measured by the scale in the reverse direction to those of the Ond. the angle — becomes and guishable from a less less until the form is scarcely distinit straight line. the contour of the form is always the same. The Onden can be formed in either way. the moulder of human existence. the mean form between the straight line and the circle. . and as more and more terms are added to the scale and as the ratio of acceleration is augmented. Conversely the right angle. The apex of the Ond is less than a right angle. Onde would be resolved into a the ideal type of emotion. considered is their relations to man the active and woman the receptive or passive form.30 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. The Onden is the equilibrium between the opposite poles. Ond has an apex greater than a and in proportion to the increase of the ratio. from form. each other.

e. FURTHER EXPLANATION OF THE MECHANICAL WORKING OF THE DIAGRAMS. Ond.. &c. "1 A*l arithmetical progression. is also neutral or to For Ond and all Onde it is the same. 1*2. common &c. common i. G. GeoAl denotes metrical. and so on. neutral or un- A determined as to kind. 1*1. h or some This letter denotes the number of terms in the scale used. Arithmetical. 31 The dotted obverse undetermined as or causal form polar quality. viz. difference 1. Q. or H. or an Onden. an Onde. i. On the right-hand side of the Greek symbol f or j or is a letter of the English alphabet other. and what are the scales used in developing it. A. — arithmetrical progression. ARITH- AND HARMONICAL. SECTION METICAL. 3. and varies scarcely at with the varying scales. For Geometrical . negative or female. difference 1.. 1. indicates positive or male. THE THREE KINDS OF NUMERICAL PROGRESSION. Beneath the Greek symbol is a letter denoting the kind of progression used viz.. At the side of each diagram there is a formula which is the key to explain of what kind the figure is. f stands for six. VI. or Harmonical. being the sixth letter in the alphabet.— —— THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. and U. AND THEIR EQUIVALENT IN CONSCIOUSNESS. The Greek capital letter A or Q or the letter U denotes that the form is an Ond.. GEOMETRICAL.e. 2. Onde or Onden. h for eight.

^. strike the mean between these Beauty of proportion and harmonious balance are their endowment. and similarity are the characteristics of governed by the arithmetical progression. andtheHedonic. is The Harmonical -|. since if a large number of terms be taken or if a larger multiple than two be used the form of the Ond becomes practically undistinguishable from a straight line. But few such forms can be generated. Mr. OR is progression the multiple 2 to be understood unless otherwise specified. rather their limits overlap. the multitude animals. -J-. and the form becomes undistinguishable from a circle. Like the much the creatures of circum- . so to speak. They and are not separated one from another by any hard into one another. |-. The superficies of the form is almost swept away by the rush of the impetus to Action. These three kinds of progression represent three main lines of human differentiation. The converse is true for the Onde: the emotional element is so developed as to realise almost the whole possibility of Passion. The Harmonical forms two extremes. and they run by gradation The Arithmetical or Mechanical ordinary people. as g x 3. the Teleological. J. -J. class fast boundary.32 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. which may be called the Mechanical. they are very comprise the — people whose lives are superficial and their energy diffused. scale 1. characterises the forms governed by geometrical ratios. the forms By simply varying the number of terms and the common difference an immense number of forms may be produced differing only by almost impercepIntense energy tible degrees one from another. Betts generally employs Multiplicity y.

The Harmonical or Hedonic class than the Teleological but less is more numerous numerous than the Mechanical. 3. 1. all in whom the aesthetic element predominates.. little 33 definite purpose or deep leaders. the artist. Tor The line of perception is divided into six equal parts. The Geometrical or Teleological class com- prises the few exceptional people. 6 . 1. a scale of six terms (f) is used i. the prudent statesman. Lest any difficulty should be expe- rienced in working out the diagrams some further is explanation of the mechanical construction desirable before proceeding further with perhaps the meta- physical interpretation. Circles of possible ideation line. It is not. so much the looking at the completed diagrams as the actual working of them out according to their law that will enable us to perceive their correspondence with the forms of human consciousness. and in order to facilitate the angular measurement each term of the scale is computed from zero 1. the men is of strong purpose and deliberate intent. 1. 2. and the . figure 1. the entire scale is then taken as the unit.— THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. but its intensity im- mensely increased. The superficies of life in them is narrowed. the Geometrical Autocracy. 1. 1. It comprises the poet. Mr. each division of the 5. therefore an Onden. and the Harmonical wellmetical diagrams organised Republics or Constitutional Monarchies.e. 1. are described through For the measurement of the angles of comparison the same scale is used. As typical of national rather than of individual forms the Arith- would represent Democracy. Betts asserts. 4. symbolised as U. stance and have but feeling.

is. inclusive The several lines of perception. It should be cut out and the small it. in a sense.* with the semicircles decimally divided. They are only approximately correct. * The from A protractor printed on cardboard accompanies each copy of this work. since each realised activity proceeds out of the central and through the former Each new faculty developed of the former ones. The positive radii are decimals in this manner are subjoined. as it is inconvenient to make use of more than three places of decimals. really a congeries of lines. terms are reduced to scale for the angular as thus the as near measurement becomes may be "166 •333 •500 •660 1-000 be measured off by means of a circular protractor. For perfect accuracy the diagrams would have to be made of a very large size. Subdivisions can be guessed with measured off to the right and the negatives to the left from zero. A considerable number of scales reduced to sufficient correctness. Betts has made for the purpose. The line of perception is point.34 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. each large division represents '100 and each small These spaces can easily division "010. left are turned aside to the right and and separated by angles proportionate to the scale of progression. OR decimal fractions . according to the scale of progression. limited circles of differentiation. in which the semicircle being equivalent to 1'000. circle cut the centre before using . which Mr.

35 contour is drawn from the centre through the farthest end points of these lines. h. but in the opposite direction. is in exactly the same also in a scale of eight terms of '1 —hence Onden. but measured by k. 5. 2. i. 7. 28. i and Figure 8 is a repetition of j are counted as one. second line and second circle. common difference 1 i. by a scale of ten terms. drawn. Figure 2 is exactly the same as figure 1. figure in a . 8. is drawn scale is in a precisely similar except that a having proportionate used. 1. and so on and the obverse dotted form is similarly . 3. of eight terms of Harmonical progression H. or..e. 10. figure 2. 21. i. 3. manner. 36. but with the addition of the obverse form. and an endless . will The decimal scale for the angles be found in the list of scales under the heading A 1. of figure 4. and then the contour is drawn through the successive points of intersection of the first line and first circle.— THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. For practical convenience in constructing the forms Mr. in the list of is The Ond. Betts usually produces the lines of reflection to the outer circumference.. The scales are applied the Onden scales. Any other may be selected. h. scales figure 7. but with common difference it is but little removed 6 is in form from the scale The Ond scales. h. reckoning each term from zero. decimal Arithmetical progression..e. in the list. 6. in a scale of eight terms of Geometrical progression. It is it is terms instead of equal terms h — the scale 1 i. figure 5. The Ond. it has eight terms — in kind A arithmetical progression 4. right and left to the apex of the figure.e.e. 6. 1. 15. G. way as The Ond.

figure 7. that is represented. two circles have had to be omitted round the centre. and the realised emotions. The circles of emotional possibility are drawn through each division. figure 11. detailed explanation is necessary. They must be imagined within the innermost circle scale as the Ond. The contour is apex of the form to the centre. The Onde. has the same scale as the Ond. As all these the same scale as the Ond. and the dotted contour of the obverse right and left the opposite direction. as they are too small to be engraved. the limited lines. figure 10. are reflected right and left and separated by angles proportionate to the scale used. having a very low order of scale. 36 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. . has the same drawn from the . principle no the same precisely on constructed are In the Onde. the outer circles have to be so close together In the Ond. and the Onde. in drawn form is figure 9. OR variety of diagrams produced having the same construction as these. figure 11. figure 7.. figure The line figure 4. figure 6 . The Onde. is of perception divided by scale from the circumferential point to the central point. figure 5 it also rather resembles an Onden. The Onde. 8. that they are scarcely distinguishable. has the same scale as the Ond.






In the examples of consciousness which have been
given the various undulations of real activity into

which the original simple circuit of the ideal activity has been differentiated flow on in a complex rhythm of harmony. There is no impulse left undetermined, no want left unsatisfied, and thus no incentive to
further progress, seeing that completeness


though but of a low order.

It is

the discord,

the conflict of opposites

power and yearning seeking satisfaction that impel
struggling with con-

men on

towards the realisation of a higher plane of

existence than consists in personal gratification

and the

enjoyment of externals.



Alpha and Omega forms


simple perfectness


be taken as the representation
earthly Paradise


and Eve


which are approximately realised in the early youth of every man or every race born under favourable circumstances. The simple savage living amid bountiful Nature feels little or no disproportion between his desires and their fruition. His wants are so few and simple that he can easily gratify them, and the means of gratification are at hand. It is true there must be from the first some lurking dissatisfaction with every realisation of the ideal, since no realisation can exhaust the ideal; and had it been otherwise there could have been no progress. But at first the




so unrealised that


does not force

upon the attention. It lies latent in the consciousness, and hence is not represented in the diagrams. But the perfect type must be broken through, the serpent of dissatisfaction must bring discord into

Eden that

ultimately a higher perfectness than ignorant

may be



of purity which,

knowing good and evil, freely chooses good. Since Being must exist and can only be manifested in the finite through infinite variation, there must necessarily be in every man some disproportion between his alpha and omega activities, whether of perception
or imagination.

This disproportion at


leads a


on unconsciously,

he thinks to experience yet

greater delight with each


fruition of desire.








becomes a
of unsaactivity,

conscious element in his existence.



accompanies every determination of

even the most pleasurable, impelling to the continued
search in


directions for

new and more


means of


only to be proved in their

turn equally unsatisfying. " To make one shoeblack happy




you consider it," says Carlyle, "for his simply this satisfaction and saturation, allotment, no more and no less God's infinite universe altogether to himself, therein to enjoy infinitely, and fill
every wish as
fast as


it is

always there



black spot in the sunshine

even, as I said, the

shadow of ourselves." Imperfect determination causes a hiatus to be





acts as a determinant of consciousness into self-





the simple savage


self-conscious in that his experiences

have relation to
causes a




of imperfection

further development of self-consciousness in that he


contemplates his experiences as being



few variations of form arising out of imperfect determination are given in figures 12 to 19. Mr.
Betts has not been careful to explain the equivalent




each variation




appears to have done with his wave-forms what Mrs.
Boole, the


of the mathematician, says in her

book on " Symbolic Methods,"

possible with

any true symbols

having generated them he has
that if he

them carry him away, believing

worked out

the geometrical development, they could at any time

be translated into the corresponding terms of life. But there is always a fear in such a case lest, through

some flaw

in the symbolisation,


should be landed,

when we attempt the interpretation, in " Quod est absurdum." Even when further explanation is asked

Mr. Betts does not seem able to give


in a clear

and complete manner

still it is

quite possible that



himself perceive the truth of his representative

forms without being able to communicate that perception to others.

As James Hinton

remarks, "
it is

expounders of a great discovery
the discoverer himself


Of all the known that


figures 12



one of the worst." 14 and 15, 16 and


examples of variation of the Imaginative power. The four former diagrams representing a deficient, and the



an excessive development of Imagination, as

denotes that half. show the really vital variation of consciousness. The semi. 22 and 23. Excess occasions a : spiral overlapping of the contour of the form the power of perception of new ideas is overbalanced by the tendency to redun- dant diffuseness. a barrenness of the images produced in the may therefore be taken as the standard of a normal imagination. Deficiency occasions a narrowing of the form. an element of necessary undeof the conscious- terminateness in the very nature ness. producing a shallow superficiality In the former diagrams the positive ideas and their negative counterparts occupied respectively one-half of the circle of comparison. those represented in figures 18 and 19. 20 and 21. figure. The activity of Imagination is is formularised This symbol placed by the side of the letters <f)5 denoting the scale used. one might take the harmonical . They are the fall which In renders possible these forms there a higher perfectness to —the discord which may lead up from melody is harmony.40 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. which represents a meagreness of the ideas. and the negative class radii in the other. in the last case the positive reflections of activities are arranged radially round the entire circle in one direction. OR referred to the normal standard. as <f>. that one-third. producing an overlapping of the sides of the The next of forms. </>*33 is and <j>2 that double the semi-circle occupied by positive and negative radii respectively. of character. it Instead of being* governed by a simple law is has a complex law which represented by the combination of two or more different scales of progression — for instance.

His life might be a continual conflict between his poetic aspirations and his greed of gain. mined. But although the Ond contains the .THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. certain impulses being strong out of limitation which from being fully realised produces the consciousness of sin and short- due proportion to the rest. but contour. To take a concrete example of the compound scale of development on the lower ground. either by J or g. The ego appears free to determine itself as it chooses between these two laws. The compound scale is the equivalent of the bias of the nature. now one and now the other having predominance. but must determine itself as it can in a compromise between the two. yet this very limitation is the foundation of the individuality and idiosyncracy of character which on a higher plane render social union and corporate unity possible. is On a a higher plane this apparent freewill included in the necessity imposed by the law of development. causing halts and breaks in the experience. one may imagine a man whose highest possibilities might find expreswhose lower tendencies would lead him perhaps to commerce. but that is — — only because the law which governs the choice is not brought to light on this ground. and new element of apparent freedom takes its place. such are represented by the indentations in the sion as a poet. The prevents the higher possibilities coming. scale of J 41 and the arithmetical scale of g the relation between the two scales would produce a conflict which would affect the entire existence the man now rising to his higher possibilities and then again sinking The form cannot be fully deterto his lower level.

it may be that no attention is paid to it. may be intended to represent a pessimistic. OR germs for future development no true brotherhood is possible. observe people in One may often whom there exists a very strong sense of injustice. while it is impossible to make them perceive the opposite idea of justice. though certainly this idea is involved in the other. except. is it not necessarily realised either equally or simul- taneously with the other. These imperfect forms. The negative as well as the positive attributes may be governed by as well as compound scales. which also may possibly present an when taken separately. reverse an optimistic. quantities that can never be perfectly rationalised and their root found. should be in other respects similar. appears to be that. It equally insoluble problem has been stated that every positive conception . In the negative the . and the disposition. perhaps. It does but oscillate in its unstable equilibrium between conflicting desires. ception is Sometimes a negative convividly and earlier in point realised more of time than a positive conception. resemble Algebraic Surds.42 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. involves a negative counterpart as if the thus it would appear two sides of every figure. though reversed. through association with other quantities. Possibly this In some of the diagrams the negatives are governed by a higher scale than the positives. although The explanation of when any idea is rea- lised the complementary idea must be latent in the consciousness. while the form remains enchained within the circle of self-gratification. but in the diagrams under consideration this it is not so. their author remarks.

positive realisation,


indentations appear in the


of experience as the form oscillates between


The breaks caused by the



the cusps in the curves of leaves.


the breaks






Their position cannot be determined by geometrical


until the law governing them becomes manion a higher ground. The undeterminateness of the actual form of consciousness reacts upon the obverse form, causing a shadow of power undefined and want unsatisfied to

hover round


mingling with the feeling of



haunting dread of Death and Destruction.

Further variations arise out of the growing complexity of the

law of determination





can be determined by

negative as well as positive determinants.

What we

have realised but have not exercises on consciousness as what we have.

as real


activity that

has been conditioned as Love, by means of a deter-

some object of


might be absolutely

limited in that particular direction, and determined

polar opposite, hate.

Mr. Betts has not drawn

any examples of such variations arising out of the law of determination among the plane forms, but on
the higher ground the forms of the bi-axial corollas

all classes





through absolute limitation.



of variation

may be combined


the same form.


can have scales differing in kind,
a combination of different

or in degree, or in both, for the positive and negative


we may have




scales for each of these

besides this there

variations of the imaginative power,

may be and variations of

the contour.

are formularised as xi Mr. Betts has reserved these also for the diagrams of



the third standing-ground.



from finding

satisfaction in

the increasing;

complexity of the rhythm of

the chasm widens,

and the struggle

intensifies as the consciousness ad-

vances in the long, long path of acquiring the know-

ledge of good and evil


is Wisdom, and Love is his wife, you like a mist from the uttermost bowels of life, And moulded a plastic form where ye learnt the firstness oi


are nobly born, your Sire



As away from
your wings.

the nestling dream ye were banished to find

Fret and confusion and sorrow, struggle and anger and fight, Tea, the form of man's life is as seas that rave in the darkness
of night

Fear and deadness and doubt in the outermost borders from me, Yet his birthright's place is my heart, and his glory to come
back free."

The mechanical

construction of the diagrams repre

senting variation requires but

further explanation.

The Ond,

figure 12,


in a scale of eight terms oi

arithmetical progression,





angular expansion


taken as

<£ 5,

or one-half the

normal, consequently for the angular measurement the
scale as given in the

must be divided by



similarly for the

Onde, figure

The Ond and Onde,


14 and 15, have the

but with


or one-third the normal,

consequently the angular scale must be divided by



The Ond and Onde,


16 and 17, have the

but with



or double the normal, there-

fore the scale for the angular

measurement must be

multiplied by



diagrams, figures 18 to 23, although they repre-

sent a most important step in the spiritual evolution,

are not satisfactory from a mathematical point of view,

because Mr. Betts has hitherto been unable to
in the contour,


cover a law by which to determine where the breaks making the cusps of the leaf, would



a metaphysical point of view

it is


be determined arbitrarily because they represent freewill on this ground, so it is right that what appears chance determination
correct that their position should

should be introduced, but still there must be a law of chance, a scale of discontinuity which interrupts the more continuous laws and whose intervals may be determined if we take a sufficiently long
the apparent disorder.

sequence for the real order to become manifest in While remaining on the first

ground it would be impossible to discover the law by which the element of apparent freewill is reguMr. Betts asserts that on the higher ground the apparent freedom is absorbed into the law of the form, it might be possible, after reachlated, yet, since

ing the platform of the higher


to look

back and

discover what had been the hidden law of the earlier


Or it may be that this could not be discovered by studying the individual evolution, but would become apparent as a law of sociology a law
governing the
it is


of individuals



right that this element of undeterminateness

The is as yet in its infancy. an Ond 1 .46 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. . OR in the individual should be left unexplained until the science of sociology it laws of the larger evolution are comprehended. Perhaps Mr. Betts draws five circles of differentiation and seven radii of realised positive ideation. Betts's system of geometrical symbology to take some portion of history and represent the periods of progress and decline by curves something similar to those he has used for these representations of individual evolution. Betts may yet discover a scientific method of determining the indentations of the contour Ond forms. the scales eg. is Such personal idiosyncracy developed but the shaping of the bricks for the future building. A compromise is effected between the scale of five terms and that of seven terms. governed by the activity arranged according to the scale of comparison. or. if not system maybe able to throw of his of Freewill. tion of It would be an interesting applicaMr. common difference is the right side of the form. some student of his further light on the Law In figure 18. Mr. approximately the relative strength of the opposite and by studying a long period to find out the law of the apparently chance element which determines the turning points of a nation towards better or worse. in arithmetical progression. he. and endeavour to determine forces at work. especially as no true social unity is possible on this lowest ground as of is human evolution. so perhaps would be premature to expect that we should be able to find the geometrical equivalent for the law determining the position of a unit in a unity.

the negative ideascales tion. form. The Onde. though equal in amount. is governed by the is 1 d f in a similar 6. and three of progress again. The contour of 1 the experience manifests three stages of progress. figure 22. It might have been 1 + 1 -1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 7 i. and e the comparison of the radii. and the negative side by scales d k. and through inattention misses the experience of sibilities unrealised. any ing. equally well + 1 + 1-1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 7. total of The seven links. g is now the dominant scale. Conse- . 47 Thus the realised activity. consequently life the imagination has allowed the difference between e and g to escape observation. which hardly perceives what is passing before it. In the Ond. the positive side is governed by scales e m. is more limited in extent than it would have been if it had been perfectly developed in the scale of g. man- ner. and governs the circles of differentiation. has similar in- represent not posbut rather an indolent and stupid nature. The contour of experience not perfectly united negative side of the figure is similarly developed. The contour + 1 + 1-1 + 1 + 1= The counterpart dentations. The next Ond apparently would which it might gain.— THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. one of decline. The positive side is determined according to scales of g and e. figure 19. The two circles of differentiation which have been suppressed through the lower necessity would have afforded the perfect realisation of the higher law of the nature. The is incomplete. figure 21. but in scales f and d. and is with the centre.e. whether ascending or descendleft side of the figure. has the same scales as its counterpart.

taking a still broader view. So that. in each of be seen to be divided into various which has become somewhat enlarged in and the purpose of life has more or less changed its direction. or in the Eastern phraseology which has recently become familiarised Devac/ian. consciousness character. the stalk being the permanent inner life which continues comparatively unchanged amid the changes of the thought. — . which would be the plane of life. ideal perfection of the form The omega counterpart is similarly determined. regarding Life as a whole. the leaves of life. The as a entire Ond will form represents a definite period If of conscious existence.48 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. Or. it may be compared to the whorl of leaves about the stalk of a growing plant. full realisation rience has violent ascents and descents. OR quently the conflict between the higher and the lower possibilities is very marked. The contour of expeand is far on this indeed from a of the scale of m. the Onds. and the stem of effects that supports the whorl of leaves as the alternating periods of subjective life in the world of which we call Heaven. may be regarded life as the successive incarnations of the ego in the objective world of causes. we look back on our life whole it distinct periods or cycles of activity.

Pig. . 2.Up uK Fig. Uz Fig. 1. 3.


7. Eg. 4. Ah Ah & Hi?. Fig. G. 5. .Ah Ai Ah Ax Fig.


11. Qh H Qh G Fi£. 3. 10 Tig. b . 8.Qh Ai Qh Ai rig. Kg.


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from the ground of egotism may be passed over scarcely at all capable of representation briefly.( 53 ) PART II SECTION NEGATIVE I. MORALITY AND ITS MATHEMATICAL EQUIVALENT. The increased strife of conflicting desires as the counterpart forms expand and their law of develop- ment becomes ever more complex and contradictory causes the consciousness to become more and more self-conscious until the ego is forced to pause in the itself. that dim feel- ing of absolute life that underlies his consciousness and which life-energy is is his from the fact that the circuit of his contained in the circuit of the great . except in the case of those persons who remain all their life enchained on the sensuous plane. He compares the prolonged experience of life reality of his actual life with his ideal. pursuit of pleasure and contemplate existence Just as after the repeated occurrence of sensations the child or savage begins to identify pare them one with another. The second life plane or standing-ground of a reaction human first being a negative one. so less them and comnow after a more or on the first standingground the man begins to reflect on his life as a whole and to distinguish its characteristics. as it is by diagram.

" to Carlyle calls becomes anything them but the . desires from their wonted channels. The more his thirst of life grows the more do the lips. The ego. becomes a focus. and life as life. satisfying waters flow backward from his A his revulsion of feeling sets in. is an insoluble infinite problem. allowed scribing circle. His perception awakes to the fact of the delusive and ephemeral character of a life spent in the pursuit of pleasure. others have reduced life to the extremest negation possible short of death. mere point at first. Some never it. He sees that. get of this ground Life never —"the beyond the barren negative morality eternal nay. first takes satisfaction in the consciousness of The mere impulses of morality is volition of the standing- ground can scarcely be called Will law. to act only within the circumnot" of renunciation In the " persistent I will and first self-control morality begins becomes a and the existence and independent thing. and he withdraws life. The degree in which the second ground of manifested varies very widely in different persons. and no possible except as obedience to external possible except through external revelation. At this crisis some in disgust of have committed suicide. and no religion is at all. the movement of Universal Spirit or Purusha. But more comconsists in the monly the evolution of circumscription this ground a rather than the annihilation of the former activity.54 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. the affirmation of those egos who have life is attained a higher stage of progress. to satisfy his desire of life through the senses. its realised activities concentred and repressed. OR Alpha.

calls it a trapezoidal ellipse. pass so easily and quickly from an ideal of pleasure to one of duty." but instead of passing through death to life. Betts corresponds It is unnecessary to give It an illustration of so simple a form. on the contrary. so the form of consciousness on the second plane will not be wholly without personal character. and find such happiness in duty. save The ego faces itself and only when it disobeys the ascetic itself for its law it has imposed upon own satisfac- . they never reach " the eternal yea. The circumscribing circle. and will consequently require a greater exercise of Will to control them. first In the latter stage of evolution of the the form was progression . Mr. easier every time the foe is Self-conquest becomes vanquished. life on the second plane is but a kind of inverted egotism. so that the early steps are rapidly run through again. is circle. The motive of admires itself. 55 giving up of pleasure. transition m plant growth to the from the whorl of leaves about the stem to the protective envelope for the future flower. Perhaps in such a case the third ground has already been reached in a former incarnation. that the renunciation of the lower pleasure is hardly felt at all. Its actually an irregular eccentricity varies in proportion to the discrepancy of the scales which determine the axes. Others. though ideally a true circumference.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. and remain in the tomb. wrap the grave clothes about them. ground will developed from conflicting scales of to this owing some tendencies be found to be strong out of due proportion to the rest.

ever inits creasing through repression.56 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. SECTION II. the imperfect impulse of sacrifice. until at length it finds a new outlet for impulses and leaps upward. to . THE EVOLUTION OF THE HIGHER MORALITY PHILANTHROPY OR ALTRUISM. now the third becomes . the passion of perfirst sonal possession. a consciousness little result. life of the second standing-ground It is but the stage of transition from a lower to a higher one. Though self-control lays the foundation of true it is morality. OR tion. there must be an uprising which sooner or later for the second ground contains within itself a principle of progress. As the first ideal was having. ITS PRINCIPLES OF REPRESENTATION. bursts self-imposed bonds and surging upwards. — The cannot death-in-life last. alone but a barren and negative conof immense powers with but a negation of dition. consequently till life that can only last the internal energy. The energy of the ego circumscribed by Will and held in check from plain gains strength its free exercise on the sensuous by reason of the limitation of its its activity. other than the repressing of the ego's it is own impulses. lands the ego on the shore of the higher morality. rejoicing in a new ideal of life. and the second not-having.

and imagination. As the desire of the ego required a non-ego. circle ascends upwards. as the condition of its fruition on the lower in this case ground. the personal ego. with the first infinite. that of soul. or extension and ex- The circuit of the new activity (every activity is upon a point above the form which is conceived of as an absolute and infinite non-ego.. is made the aim of life.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. expanding within is a which sense- the resultant of the activities of rational perception pansion. 57 doing . The form of the third ground is the resultant of the combined activity of cubical forces arising out of a point which is for convenience regarded as fixed. the higher ego. the self that separates from the All. The new activity. The determinant . regarding this law of may life internal determination as the expression of the Divine will. a vocation to which the is or any other form under which the principle of duty and right may be conceived of. comes into operation to tarily subordinates his A new determining law which the personal ego volunactivity. For not yet does perception awake to the oneness polar) depends of the soul. so the desire of the higher life requires a non- ego for its fulfilment. The life-centre represents the personal ego. And virtue is no longer the conforming to an external but the obedience to an internal law. the self that unites with the All. and not pleasure but duty. viz. In some minds it rather take the form of voluntarily dedicated. The second life-centre repre- sents the divine ego. an object. the true individuality. not self-gratification but work.

forms of Government. male and female. life The ego realise that " as it enters on this state of To dignify the day with deeds of good And This constellate the eve with noble thoughts. THE OND AND ONDE COROLLAS. as in figures 1 and 2. Forms of Religion. is to live .— 58 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. first ground was the neutral form of the Onden this was differentiated as Ond and Onde by the proportional The form of the third ground also scale progression. by means of The proportional progression. Sciences. neutral form of this ground would be what might be . THE POLAR-OPPOSITE FORMS OF THE THIRD GROUND. is Mankind For its supplies the necessary complement through which the ideal activity of the ego can be manifested. with Ideal Arts. is differentiated into the Alpha and Omega antithesis. or positive and negative. and let our lives narrate In a new version solemn and sublime The grand old legend of humanity. Benefit Institutions. all the busy work of the world that is is not wholly connected with begins to objects of sense. rations to be realised it. The starting-point of the evolution of the . personal aspi- it must carry others up along Through the needs of humanity the ideal activity of soul is embodied in a definite form of duty and use." SECTION III. the product of this activity. OR not objects but other egos.

line in a progressively increasing scale of progression the terms of the which governs the development being equal. as in figures 1 and 2. as the servants or instruments of the higher This higher of appropriate pulse to life is progressively realised by means in determinations. In these examples the two circuits are represented as . and the form developing from the starting-point of this line and expanding along the circle . There is in them a double circuit of activity. and are the basis of innumerable natural forms. There is no generic name for such forms. The first blind im- do good soon becomes the scale rationalised a greater or less measure. Betts names them the Ond and Onde Corollas. The alpha or positive form expands from a point into a trumpet-shaped figure. 1. the activity moving upwards in a straight line. whence it is that Mr. the omega or negative form contracts from a circle to a bell-shape. probably closely with according pretty of rationality the ego had developed on the lower ground. are no longer compared among themselves. 1. first ground. and are allowed free exercise life. The diagrams 1 and 2 are the type forms of this ground.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. especially of the corollas of flowers. The faculties the rational attributes of the ego. 1. but are all subor- dinated to the central idea. the circuit of the internal and that of the external life. This circular expansion has taken the place of the angular expansion of the of sense. 1. the alpha and The antithesis of omega forms becomes apparent. though they are strictly mathematical. called an 59 Onden Cone. etc.

for since the impulses of the ego are remaining activity falls inherent impulses they are regarded as the expression of the Divine will. 8 : and since other egos are the usual determinants. difference 1. Scale f determines the work. r. may bear any different proportion one to the In the formulae by the side of the figures. A 1. The difference between f and h social pleasures . 7. sions a fringe of personal of the form is conditioned by the determinants of duty. 5. forming a kind of foliation. Frequently not case all the life. that they are in a scale of progression having six terms. and is determined by the law of pleasure.— 60 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. The essential life of the form is determined in three dimen- by the law of duty . 4 . gladness of the performance of duty its ideal was being realised. and not forcibly held check as on the former standing-ground. common Once more there is no undeterminateness manifest For a time the ego feels as if in the in the form. A and O denote as before that the forms are respectively Ond and Onde. and extends itself outwards. but they other. about the true as in life forms 3. the superabundant energy is determined in two dimensions by the law of pleasure. OR its equal. the expansion of the corolla equals height. that it is arithmetical. Figures 3 and 4 are developed according to scales f and h. on this ground this efflores- cence may be taken as representing an inclination towards and recreation. subordination to in and are allowed free exercise in the new law. the In such a back upon the method of the lower ground. 6 .

one from another. divided. that the rather busy than contemplative. sometimes sometimes very widely. "<£*75" indicates that the amount of expansion of this form is to the extension of the axis in the propor- tion of 3 to 4. and 6 have the formula h <£2 x*« Figs 5 A 1 Scale d represents difference the impulse of is duty. Altogether this pair of diagrams . not individual exist- The forms of actual life. must be borne in mind that the representations are type-forms. This is one example of variation . arithmetical. represented by reflected radii. petaled or three-petaled. The scale of progression *1. though they might approximate more or less to the symmetry of the diagrams. as in the Ond forms is of the first ground. or otherwise these petals will invariably differ. <£2 shows that the expansion of the external life has double the energy that the extension of the internal life has. any other relative proportion may equally well be taken it When ward life is the activity of extension predominates is may imply that the inward thought action. ^t indicates that there are three main divi- sions of pleasure which are further differentiated in four modes. The corolla may be fiveences. The between d and h determined as pleasure. 61 conditions two circles of determination as pleasure. would never perfectly realise the type any more than the flowers do. common difference a very low scale of progression. but slightly.: THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. in excess of the outis When the reverse the case. " five x 5" shows that in this particular form there are differentiations of pleasure It main which are repre- sented as equal.

according to some proportionally diminishing scale. so now the begins to be realised in the alpha and omega forms as the satisfaction of impersonal Duty becomes the objective form. what measure the thus determined in that .62 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. accelerating outwards for the Ond and life inwards for the Onde. and This in is the reverse direction for the Onde Corollas. themselves to the determining law of the higher which now becomes the in consciousness. Just as the impulse of the lower was progres- sively realised as the fruition of personal desire in determined forms of intellect life impulse of the higher desire or Love. The ratio of progression of the ascending activity is. They are negative or passive. their formula is § <f>2 xh Al. so because the impulses of the ego are no longer the positive factor in the evolution of the Ond. and emotion. the emotion of duty. The impulses of the emotional become positive. from the starting-point upwards for the Ond Corollas. OR represent an inferior order of consciousness of this ground. and the activity which determines them negative in the Onde. the same Figures 7 and 8 are constructed in precisely manner as 5 and 6 . The progressive circles of expansion proceed according to an ratio as before. the subjective form of the consciousness. positive or dominant element life. consequently they show a slight advance on the former pair. and Conscience. having subordinated life. The external and internal activit}/" of the ego is determined by the activity is altruistic law of In determination to virtuous thought and action.

the other egos. Mr. Betts has adopted active. which it regards as the Divine will. the . irregular expansion Such of the form very complicated. gives a truer idea of the corolla form. 63 same measure the thought and action react upon the sifting.THE SCIENCE OP REPRESENTATION. The re- actionary impulse of the ego in the Onde Corolla has and by the action of the determinants. 16. can be sufficiently well represented without . and the ground is prepared for future unity. The impulse not active but of the ego in the Ond is governed by a scale it is of diminishing progression. the faculty of judgment. He makes use of a series of circles for the expansion in order to simplify the diagrams. become a system of isometrical projection for his diagrams of the third ground in order that the several activities may be measured according to scale. having subordinated itself to the determining law. but cir- section of the corolla would be elliptical. lie flat The circles of expansion which appear to along the axis of ascension should be turned round through a right angle so as to surround the axis. in reality the cular. which is an ordinary elevation. Fig. relating the action examining. upon itself they become related to one another. would render the delineation work of days instead the work of of a few moments therefore it is omitted. Since three-dimensional forms cannot be correctly represented on a flat surface. or irregular. as the types it. ego as Conscience. because passive. in accordance with the development of the Ond on the lower grounds. and discerning the motives of conduct and and thought Corolla to the ego in the pro- gressive qualification of consciousness.

Perhaps it is in the duty is realised. contemplates the needs of humanity. philanthropy. and want. faithful feels its performance of family duties that the ego In a consciousness of ideal shall be realised. may be regarded as the line of faith and aspiration.64 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. and afford a field for the exercise of its powers it believes that it shall be happy itself and shall make others happy. to patriotism The dotted line of activity ascending from the central point. for they and sorrow. the impulse of the itself higher life which yields it that law which feels to up to be determined by be divine. but it suffering. If the consciousness is but low in the scale the determinants are probably the personal needs of those immediately surrounding it. BI-AXIAL COROLLAS. a higher order the desire might take the form of becoming a Thence it might expand and humanitarian schemes for the good In the highest natures the aim would of the nation. In the first dawn of the first new life and the gladness that accompanies the exercise of the powers of soul the ego its does not perceive any disproportion between It ideal and the possibility of realising it. . As the activity . the non-ego through which ideal of is not saddened at the sight of ignorance. VARIATIONS OF THE THIRD STANDING-GROUND. HORN COROLLAS. OR SECTION IV. local benefactor. the raising and benefiting universal be of mankind generally. the personal ego. which are its its determinants.

accompanies every manifestation of activity. figure 9. The are developed in scales k m. but the real axis of the consciousness and the form along with it becomes bent or warped from the direct line. afforded for the realisation of after a But is time a disproportion begins to manifest itself between the actual possibility of the ego which ticular absolutely limited at any parits moment of time and the perfectness of determining law. remains unchanged. the great Educator. spreads outwards 65 and becomes determined through is other egos a sphere these impulses. or the external to the internal in the proportion . as 1. its as a factor in the The is disproportion between the ideal and itself the real again forces upon the consciousness. again takes evolution. the determining law. which not a perfectly ideal conscience. The two forms difference sure. the real form of this particular conscience. In the Ond. a sense of sin and failure. but its personal power is limited and may be expressed as 1*00. the spiritual Will. An incurable sorrow. The ideal axis. Some compromise has to be effected between the' two. between the scales is determined as pleaof The expansion life is the form is <j>'4<.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. The best actions are seen to fall short of the standard. Consequently it never can perfectly do the thing it would. is felt to be equal to 1*05. the If the personal limit be considered it demand upon would be 1 + if duty is to be performed as perfectly as conceived of. is Figure 10 the emotional counterpart of this form. the aspiration. Thus place suffering. That is what the ego conceives that duty requires of it.

instead of spreading outwards as a foliation of pleasure. this opposition becomes The axis increasingly manifest in the consciousness. should obey its law compels him to do more work than he desires. ^f. . its principles of action action. and has its positive and and reaction. but also fection. But besides this the particular line which has been pursued. and Action is pursued in addition to its positive results it has the negative result that some opposite line of Thought and Action has not been pursued. is yet by inaction. or rather the particular capacity which has been manifested in a certain way. Consequently he works The necessity that his nature under compulsion. The contour. OR "4 of to 1. taneous impulse to action is The man's spon- equal to k. 12. by wrong action. As the evolution of the third ground developes. The activity of Thought and its outward reflection in Work have also their negative element and negaWhen any particular line of Thought tive results. but developed from scales m k instead of k m. which. turns inwards as a determination of pain. In the omega form probably this would appear as an over-scrupulousness and oversensitiveness of conscience amounting to disease. but his action must be determined as m. Figures 11. is divided into five main groups of tiated activity. by mistaken action. The difference between the two. for the form of an individual life is determined not only by the positive negative elements. although falling short of ideal perright action. Every activity is polar. may be made up of positives and negatives.66 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. are similar forms. which are further differen- each into two.

The expansion 1. becomes. 110. ^ f <f>5 x1 8 2*15. which do not synchronise.— — 67 THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. Betts. Both and negative governed by the scale of arithmetical progression. axis of the figure from f through 12 f' Draw O . 5. figure 13 Mr. 6. and set at right angles through the divisions. 4. lines 1.. " 8 stands for deflection. the Onde. be called Struggle and Repentance. and the outward form manifests the internal character in the strange twists and contortions of some of the corolla forms. is of the form is or one-half the extension of the axis. bears that proportion to the whole axis. It is third ground are rather either to not easy follow the mechanical working or to fully grasp the significance of the Representation. into positive and negative elements. as it were. In the tion is Onde is Corolla. The contour is unbroken ^ and the deviation of the 8 axes from the ideal 2T5 " i. 2. On the proportion of these two ele- ments and the hiatus of undetermined desire between them the internal character of the form depends.e. and the alpha element as the positive r. These two poles might. divide O f according to scale off the major and the minor f of A'5 pro- gression. 5. split into two. the personal limita- taken as equal to 10. an example of the advanced third dimensional ground as I can give. figure 13. 3. perhaps. gave the following directions for the construction of : " The is tracing having as simple formula O . common taken as real difference <f>'5. in one of his letters. -. The omega element of activity is the axis taken as 10*3. The advanced forms of the complicated. Then. taking a scale of .




f measures 10 parts (scale used



to a part),

and placing
f 6


zero at 12 advance the other

end along





12 1,



and draw and draw 12 6,

the intersections

&c, and





proportional lengths of scale
10*3 and a ll'O.


A"5, enlarged


half 12


Next mark off f' in terms of and divide according to scale f.
' c


X mark

off a

x" equal

to 2 '15 of scale
I call the

this is 8 (deflection) of the formula.

dotted systems of centres from r to


a " cyme," that

meaning for its use. You ask what rule determines the form of the I reply on this ground it appears quite curve?
arbitrary, as appertaining to the next or fourth dimen-

word having approximate



as yet



and you are

at liberty to


use of any curve you


think proper for the


illustrate this

by the

similar instance of the

from the first to the third ground, whence came the form of the corolla ? We found its origin on the first ground in the whorl of leaves around the
transition stalk; or, speaking morally, the pursuit of pleasure in

a continued series of objects.





the appearance of leaves successively at the growing
point of a stalk, could not possibly be determined


any law of the


ground, but by one beyond







appeared as a change in the




find leaves always appear at right

angles to the last double set or in opposition to a
single leaf



of form until

whorl does not arrange around the and does not become a fixed law So the bud metamorphosis appears.

also the


cyme on the third ground is arbitrary, and you were to fix it by a series of co-ordinates, which would be quite possible, yet these would stand for

nothing other than the
arbitrary curves, that the


also manifested in the


of the form

are mutually antagonistic as well as in unison,


that indeed all varieties of corolla forms are essentially

due to this antagonism, and without it no real life would be possible we should all be, more or less, If, therefore, you have already perfect and useless.

delineated corollas

without this evident



means simply that the scales are so nearly perfect that you have not represented the antagonism. Every step


take brings us nearer to the exact conditions of
intermediate forms being more or less ideal,

life, all

and therefore not


you are copying

diagram in hand you will trace

the curves

f a x, and you will find by dividing them into

(say 12) parts, they will equal the lines



Q 103



you are taking

a flower

from the



draw your cyme

as near as

you think such a one

produce the corolla required).






off the distances


10*3 on the a curve


O 110

on the


curve as nearly as you can by

sub-division of the parts to allow for the curve.


be your new centres. from scale


centres on




curve describe the semicircles 11,
radii taken


describe semicircles 1-5,

2*2, 3*3, &c, with and about centres on F a x 24, 3'3, &c, with radii taken

from the same

of the form, ^, is unbroken, f being a simple scale. Draw in the vertical

The contour

contour by lines tangential to the circles and the form



GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY, OR In the following diagrams, figures 14, 15, compound used in the condition of ^, a prominent

scales are

feature of the form.

The method of



the same as in the preceding diagrams.

The use of



the form


or trapezoidal curves will not interfere with

the process of construction, which shows the activities

The obverse form of this ground is an Onden Cone when a simple scale is used, and a sort of irregular pyramid when compound scales are taken. To avoid
complication this has been omitted.
to the effect of the
It corresponds

work done



If the


of the


ground, the causal form, resulted in a mere

phantom of sense-production,

this result is one of permanent effect, both in ourselves and also in that we leave behind us our mark on the earth. The conflict within him at last compels man to contemplate life on this plane as a whole, and the ever-widening disproportion he perceives between his powers and possibilities again impel him on towards

a higher plane.


perceives that not in philan-

thropic work, not in intellectual thought, not in personal virtue, shall
his idea




blooming corolla of
if so

fiery activity fades


into an unsightly rag,

and perishes, and man is

once more heart-sick and bereft of
be he

to seek,










. 71 SECTION Before proceeding ground. and.. Suppose a man were able to reverse the poles of his attention and make what was positive negative and what was negative might not-see something else positive.THE SCIENCE OE REPRESENTATION. if I mis- — take not. . it is conceivable that he at this material world and look if so.. what ? Since three it dimensions exhaust the limits of extension again can be conceived that he might see space in three dimensions .. way to measure the have intervals between the successive throbs of close attention. as brates into the external world and returns thence again. it is V. . but space of an opposite quality to that with is which he habitually familiar. Mr. showing.. so that the revolving wheel is seen in endeavoured in this many momentary positions. numerous radial streaks. . SPECULATIONS ON A FOURTH DIMENSION IN SPACE. to the evolution of the fourth necessary briefly to consider the subject of a possible fourth-dimension in space. in successive instants. Francis Galton made the following remarks on the subject of " attention" in an article published in the "Nineteenth Century Magazine:" "The wheel of a moving carriage is drawn in a blur. ." This seems to be equivalent to saying that when we look around and see the three-dimensional space appertaining to our material universe this seeing is not con- tinuous but alternate. and negatively our consciousness vi- not see. that attentive observation is never conI tinuous. We positively see. with. however. but acts in rapid pulses.

in a of seeing. especially the all which may be found sacred literature.e. clair-audience. we have evidence of the possibility of . Our Saxon fathers classified the senses as the five wyts inwyts. they meant rather the intellectual faculties than interior senses. With exterior a consciousness of space in alternating three dimensional spheres alternately cognised through the and the interior sense. in some of the pheno- mena of Spiritualism.. etc. quality of space are called the astral senses clair- voyance.— 72 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. of a more transcendental it we now perceive plane superficies to be an illusion in is respect to real existence. of nations and times we have any record of. it might be impossible to us. still although the direct perception of the co-existence of spheres. taste. such an alternative space-perception ing. sional space solidity must be merged and become nonexistent otherwise than as the mere surface appearance. we might infer as a ma- thematical certainty the existence of a fourth dimension in space. but by the inwyts.. in the traces of genuine occultism in the literature. state. In the language of occultism the five subtle senses with which we perceive the more interior i. since attribute of solidity. OR In the occasional accidental occurrence of second sight and other interior senses. and touch. just as so to speak. in all and the five probability. and smell on fore- the astral or sstherial plane of matter. only an external . still We should have actual knowalthough ledge of we might be unable to form a conception of the nature of the unity in which solids can co-exist as do In four dimenplanes in the unity of the solid. hear- world not perceptible to the ordinary senses.

Galton makes use of the child's toy. successively. attention. sort of thing occurs with clairvoyants who occa- sionally see objects of the inner world among those of the outer world. to illustrate the vibratory character of This toy consists of a broad wheel revolv- ing on a pivot. another bar. . But when the wheel is revolved with suf- ficient rapidity we lose sight of the black dividing They pass during the ebb of our and the pictures appear continuous. the Wheel of attention. They are arranged so that the figures in them seem to be moving in concerted action as. a bar. know that there were two sets of representations. another picture. but we should could only have a real perception of them alternately. that we should get the two sets of pictures a little mixed and the same . when we made the the wheel to revolve in we should series of representations between the bars and not-see the series on the should bars. By putting out the light we should in a certain sense reverse the poles of our attention. When the wheel is revolved slowly we are conscious of a picture. and we should apprehend them ideally as existing together. light. Life. A series of pictures are arranged round the wheel with a black bar between each. 73 Mr. for instance. or monkeys jumping through bars altogether. for we now see the phosphorescent series on the bars and not-see the series between the bars.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. We Sometimes in the twilight it might happen. boys playing leap-frog. if the wheel was revolved rather slowly. — hoops. tations Now suppose that another series of represenin phosphorescent paint were painted see on the black bars.

Betts's system the activity of a point generates the line as a positive activity and negative The re-activity which are the ground of polarity. the line having been generated let us suppose a further * This article has since been reprinted as No. in which the co-existence of solids would be perceived through the alternation of spheres of perception. Howard Hinton makes use of. Hinton. simple line has no direction. is limited to one or to two dimensions of states of constate. for direction implies relaBut tion. subsist would not yet have become Mr. and there is nothing yet to be related to. and of the cube by he works out Professor Zollner's suggestion. An interesting versity Magazine. 1 of a series of Scientific Eomances by Mr." Giving the simple mathematical con- ception commonly accepted of the generation of the square by the motion of a line. But he has not taken into account what may be not inaptly termed "the intermediate state" of consciousness. Howard Hinton.74 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. . OR titled " by Mr. Betts's conception of the generation of dimensions differs to some extent from the received mathematical one which Mr. According to Mr. published by Swan. Sonnenschein & Co. the motion sciousness space. and by the comparison of such with our sciousness own three-dimensional reasons out from analogy what must be some of the conditions of a state of four. and imagines Beings whose conof a square. but the four-dimensional unity in which they apparent.dimensional consciousness. enWhat is the Fourth Dimension ?"* appeared in one of the latter numbers of the now defunct " Uniarticle.

line. breadth. and your central point . activity of the point. Suppose yourself the centre of a sphere of three dimensions. can we con- ceive of a fourth dimension in Intuition ? I think we can. in our present sphere of existence. breadth. which we call Intuition. Betts employs the word law after a fashion of his own. and from the confines of this sphere contract depth. Betts) " our conception of objects can only be defined as successive changes in time of the same mathematical point but by the power of Imagination. its existence it is implied in the of a four- co-existence of lines. and thus the plane comes into existence but only ideally or potentially. and depth. you have now the of consciousness capacity of extension into and out of spheres generally. theoretically but not practically. as here. but fest has not yet become manithe existence as surface.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. could you not reverse the process. 75 which yet is not a repetition of This must necessarily generate a second the former." to denote . "three laws. in any direction through which you can project length. and length to a point in your consciousness ? it Would not this be a ? new dimenis sion co-existent with the other three What would not it amount to? The point to which you retire started.) "Now. Just is so dimensional state implied in the co-existence of alternating three-dimensional ones." (Mr. " Really speaking" (we quote from a letter of Mr. three opposite modes of activity. we are enabled to hold in one result three consecutive laws and think them instantaneously. merely the point from which you contracted to a point has now the content of the other three dimensions though —that is.

when the con- sciousness expands to the conception of four dimensions we may discover that our notion of solidity is nothing but a figment of the imagination. and unable that to it to cognise anything but surface. LIFE. the veriest Maya. which is is the positive ground of life. absolutely non-existent as a reality. delusion. certain qualities which belong to the it but as that It is soon as the consciousness expanded to the conception of three dimensions surface is would become apparent Similarly. a attributes of transcendental space. had a real existence. into a four dimensional state of consciousness belongs to the fifth ground. may be but the temporary appearances to our consciousness of a larger reality which shall be actually perceived on . OR to the universe of spheres becomes the portal you. whereas the fourth mediate one. THE FOURTH STANDING-GROUND OF A being living on the surface surface of a solid. mode in which we have imperfectly conceived of some of the The limited and apparently separate personality of ? each of us and this so-seeming solid globe." around The possibility of such a projection of the con- and out of spheres constitutes the sciousness stage of human evolution which Mr.76 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. Betts calls the But the actual realisation of fourth standing-ground. only a negative and inter- SECTION VI. would imagine and would ascribe solid .

only a difference of proportion. The attention can be directed to or withdrawn from either plane. for the pendulum of consciousness can never to all eternity swing quite out of either." The is fourth standing-ground of like the second. In the former objectivity preponderates. As compared unrealised. By the time the fourth ground is attained the psychical or astral plane becomes a possible object of direct perception. And all the men and women merely life. the alternation from an objective to a subjective stage of evolution. which in truth are one. and the concrete subjective with objectivity. the higher platform of life. with the realisation of the more objective state the alternating subjective state is its opposite . the concrete objective is mixed with subjectivity. a negative and reactionary one. The interior senses are developed as the foundation of the higher evolution as the exterior senses foundation of the lower evolution were developed as the and as the lower — sense was subordinated to intellectual perception. players.THE SCIENCE OE REPRESENTATION. It is in the latter subjectivity. the abstract subjectivity must remain for ever any state of subjectivity that is realised must be only a more interior objectivity. 77 whence we may look back life. since But. On dimly the third standing-ground the consciousness had felt the presence of another plane of life than the physical. and perceive the unreality of the transitory personal where "All the world's a stage. but as compared with abstract objectivity or subjectivity. so the psychic sense becomes the tool of the spiritual per- .

set in again. effort Imperfection was found to mingle with every of usefulness. An between the apparent plishment. possibility chasm yawned and the actual accomReaction so brightly The refuge in action failed. being able to cognise either sensuous or supersensuous objects. undeterminateness. and the Ond the leaf. as the Onden was the germ. and again he lies at the " centre of indifference. exist. although the psychic sense ma) and indeed must. undertaken with and for humanity. when but the life burst forth into flower." was a fruitless attempt of the ego to realise its ideal by work. Following the analogy of the growing plant.widening success. which was regarded as the Divine third ground Will. seemed as though perfect satisfaction was to be gained on this plane. ideal through The hope work has faded. and the form of the third ground the flower. An element of failure accompanied even approximate ever. and consequently the consciousness is intermediate between a three and a four-dimensional development. so the next stage may be compared to the pistil and stamens flung up into the infinite with an infinite yearning. 7 . OR fifth But on the fourth ground. as the evolution proceeded. The personality was progressively developed on the . The In the first gush of the ascending it activity. The impulses were determined by a power seemingly external. corolla that and the bloomed faded and withered away.78 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. became increasingly manifest. yet the ego feels to have no impulse for the of realising his exercise of either sense. deep- seated at the root of life." again he hears " the everlast- ing nay. ception of the ground.

from — sorrow and despair. because the desire no longer to the act. which is not egotism. This transition been variously called Regeneration —the new Union with the Logos —the threshold of Nirvana. the self-surrender complete.— THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. is not-doing. earlier standing. but eternal has Birth unity. all is won. self-forgetfulness of that of unutterable bliss that reunion. one word sacrifice. The — ego has given up. accomplished. not altruism. and the whole desire of the soul forth in a despairing cry for Desire compels fruition the depth of its — is poured knowledge life. —the Beatific vision . though action continues mechanically. state of The of third ground was a fourth is busy activity. The fourth ground may be considered as the evolution of negative impersonality. when is the battle life seems lost. because virtue has It may be summed up itself in become instinctive. and when the soul. but neither in personal pleasure virtue was the ego able to realise its ideal. the personal desires are quenched. Man passes through the gate of death into the only true life.grounds of life 79 and culminated on the nor in personal third. The a state of sorrowful passivity. of doing. of flings itself forth into the infinite in an infinite passion of longing — then. in the the sacrifice is is received back into the bosom of the All. In the Spiritual perception awakes and the isolated fragment supreme moment.

for reason and virtue have become instinctive.. of the spiritual ego. soul-consciousness. the and moral nature. the instrument. become the servants and instruments of the higher ego —the for machinery. as natural entire physical. But though point after point of knowledge has been won. ego became the servant. it begins to be recognised as the true makes man more than man. is Being or Unity. The evolution of the ground. The three grades of consciousness might be called sense-consciousness. of the psychic ego. so to speak. which. and spirit or god-consciousness.— 80 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. unposited point. to man As as his breathing or the beating of his heart. In the reaction of the fourth ground the point or focus has the content of the sphere. THE FIFTH STANDING-GROUND OF In the reaction of the second ground the point or focus had the content of the plane i. which The evolution of the everywhere and in first ground is Having or Egotism. OE SECTION VII. the culmination of Humanity. LIFE. the All. though realm after realm of ignorance has .e. the activities of the sense-life. so now in the evolution of the fifth standing-ground the metaphysical and ethical perception of the psychic eco. the true being. of the third fifth Doing or Altruism. intellectual. it is a ray of the great I is AM. as self. which have now developed their appropriate organs. the I am. in the transition to the third standing-ground of life the sense-perception of the physical.

the All-being. that would be annihilation. as faculties its intellectual expanded on the third ground. through ever- heightening cycles of objective manifestation. is not an actual but an ideal limit. and at last by actual perception through the purified and exalted faculties of the higher self as the fifth ground was reached. be disclosed. and however extended the circumference embraced by conscious- — ness — lies the unposited point. And herein lies the joy and glory of existence. the Omega. infinite. the individual though identity of substance with the great Alpha. has perceived its oneness with the All. and Existence. within which the actual limits of each form may be for ever and ever extended. for were it not so. yet still exists within the circumscribing circle of Prakriti. instead of an everlasting progress towards light. its The lesser alpha. . infinite the possibility of eternal progress. The finite cannot compass the being. Consciously one with the All in substance.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. the Great Unscrutable. yet ever beyond the actual point however elevated the position it has attained. Life would culminate in Death. first by faith life. it yet remains consciously separate from But since the limit of Prakriti. through revelation on the earlier grounds of next by reason through inference. there lies before the ego the All in form. were there fixed a hard and fast limit beyond which none could pass. 81 been enlightened and numberless barriers of indolence though the individual ego have been overthrown . Hope be quenched in Despair. would become the blank darkness of Desolation. alternating by reason of polarity with ever intenser states of subjectivity.

As the first ground was compared to the leaf and the third to the flower. and can rede her runes. transcendent a plane of He does not act —that is. mankind will pass away from the material plane of existence into a subjective state of . He does not act. on the fifth he becomes positively impersonal. for he has become a conscious part of Nature. though the centre of consciousness of each remains unchanged. and is therefore immortal. diverse fragments of the great I AM. all men have entered into it with him can the unity be fully consummated by the union of humanity in a common subjective life a life in which. diverse manifesta- of the One. personalities on scarcely can the imagination prefigure. in faintest outline even. for men are himself. matter. and the fruit has the seed of life in itself. the mysteries of so life. He draws men up with him. OR While we remain enchained by our the lower planes of life. for though he has crossed the threshold ol the New Life himself. so this may be called the season of fruit.82 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. for he has passed the stage of personal doing impelled by personal desire. for tions all all He has power over things are himself. He all has influence over men. When the evolution of humanity is thus fully accomplished. and knows her laws. but Nature acts in and through him. the four-dimensional not until — unity of the individual spheres of consciousness. On the fourth ground man becomes negatively impersonal. his personality does not act for its own sake. the circumference embraces the consciousness of all mankind. for he recognises his personality as not himself. but one particular expression of the forces of Nature.

bliss. new and ever larger antitheses of existence being perceived as the former ones are merged the I in the unity. either according to the laws of Perspective or conventional system of Projection. culminating. or by projecting its boundary solids. as the living cells in one living body. But such speculations are vain sighted eye of . may be. Betts arrives by a sort of guess at the condition of four-dimensional matter in this way.THE SCIENCE OE REPRESENTATION. to sentation of solid form on a surface. life. He takes a pair of his antithetical forms of the third ground and draws them in opposite . by some make a repretherefore if we in understood the appearance of matter a four- dimensional state we might represent it either by means of a system of solid perspective. shall emerge thence to pass through new it cycles of evolution. But even this is not final in the fulness of time : humanity. Mr. and these again combining into yet grander and grander unities in an endless progression through infinite series of development. we were able to conceive of We are able. 83 which is the fruition of man's highest desire. in the union of our own humanity of this planetary chain with other humanities of other solar systems. No representation is possible of the form of con- sciousness on the fifth standing-ground of although if being a positive plane it would be representable it. the it dim short- man is blinded when seeks to pene- trate the endless vistas of the Beyond. still united in one. every taking of the not-I into opening the way to grander antitheses is — for antithesis the one imperishable thing without which Being cannot be manifested.

so placed that their obverse forms overlap. OR directions. Some of the diagrams have been printed in approximately correct colours. perhaps. Through such harmonies of colour it might. form which undeterminateness predominates produces chiefly waves of green. The corresponding Omega form a deep blue slightly modified forms waves of orange and violet while any . and by combining these obverse forms by lines through their salient points he gets various shapes of crystals. that matter on the solidity is higher plane will be crystalline and when merged in a more transcendent resistant. for he believes that every natural form is a symbol. might be derived in from a suitable arrangement of revolving forms. beam of strong darkened room. Hence he infers . Betts has also made some interesting experi- ments in colour by revolving his either the plane or the solid ones. differing according to the scales of the corollas he uses.84 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. Betts expects that his theoretical Science of Representation will be complemented by a practical Science of Determination. be possible to derive some suggestions for a theory of Sociology. in a light let into a Onds and Ondes. objectivity probably matter will be no longer Mr. which he regards as the He conceives colour of infancy and incompleteness. that an entrancing colour-music. and if we understood the mystic inscriptions of Nature natural form we might read in every some word of Life. The most pronounced Alpha form possible produces waves of a beautiful crimson colour. . He cuts out the forms in cardboard or zinc. A Science of Determination would be the founda- . Mr.

tion 85 of a true system of sociology. Alpha. wherefore he seems to expect that the task of will rather will be chiefly women to develope it. as the diagrams of human ones. Betts has made some studies of the evolution These forms of consciousness in the lower animals. Horoscopes not he has un frequently with He considers his Science of Representation to be the Alpha Science and that the complementary Science of Determination will be an Omega it Science. its in which each possible that form of human kind would take great spiritual hierarchy. Forces of any kind. Mr. more interior might be called and the physical sense being more not exterior. Perhaps the key be found through the unfolding of the psychic powers of man. natural rank in a it He thinks the key to such a science might be found in the of Astrology. The psychic the sense being Omega sense. whereby the magnetic aura of each individual shades for so is perceived clairvoyantly in varying of colour in accordance with his quality. himself drawn success. the planets He considers that mark points of undeterminateness in the . and endeavoured to find the law by which the intervals between the planets are regulated.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. we might learn to combine harmonies of men. may similarly be represented by diagram. to which he has neglected Science devoted a considerable amount of study. sense-con- sciousness resemble di-cotyledonous Also he has made some studies of the Solar System. only the activities of human consciousness. resemble mono-cotyledonous leaves of various degrees of complexity.

J. and not an inde- pendent force in by which he means the invisible form of the activities immediately concerned in its production. Every Solar System in the sky he supposes to be the counterpart of some flower at our feet. as the ancient astronomical sign Figure 18 is the nine-petaled lily representing our . These lines could not well be drawn in the Corolla diagrams of the other kind of projection. which is coloured red. as Gravitation tional lie considers as the resultant of a propor- relation of these forces itself. It encircling the form of the consciousness. He diagrams of bi-axial corollas. winding through the form. In addition to the consecutive series of diagrams already explained. and the spiral lines of experience or memory tion. The systems with dual suns he thinks may resemble his believes the form of the Solar System. OE circuit of the polar forces of attraction and repulsion.86 GEOMETRICAL PSYCHOLOGY. Figure 17 is the earth and its antithetical form or necessary counterpart. Figure 16 is selected out of an an ordinary elevation of an Ond Corolla in orthographic instead of isometrical projec- shows very clearly the coil of undeterminateness. to be a nine-petaled lily similar to the Ond Corollas. They have been immense number of drawings. which taken together strangely enough are the same for the earth. Our Solar System is an Alpha or male universe. and of which certain points are marked by the position of the planets. a few others are given which may be interesting. Others he believes may be Omega or female forms.

A brief abstract like the present one can give but meagre conception of Mr. confusions.. or at least the first step taken in that direc- tion in our than himself. and figure 19 a plan of the same. there lies union the possibility of a considerable develop- ment of thought in the future along various lines. own day. and geomore successfully metrise the laws of the universe than he has done. . and imperfections in Mr. but he puts it forth as the first step in a new direction. Betts's work. and he hopes that others. as no one is better aware than himself. Betts's Theories and It will have served its purpose if it shows that the studies which Mr. abler may follow in the same path. There are many gaps. Betts has made towards Diagrams. solar 87 universe. developing a Science of Representation possibility of using make In clear the mathematics as the handmaid of this metaphysical as well as physical science.THE SCIENCE OF REPRESENTATION. A a semi-gaseous or cometary state he considers might be represented by Ond forms of the first ground.


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Representation. Boole made some diagrams in unpublished her book. To transparent thought the body disappears as a mist before the sun. neither at their hapless struggles after vanities. ***** is giving them such trouble. type. for he terms that the former. perfect. Your body. when you look at any forms of humanity Ideal. or nearly so. Do not imagine that a science of representation has anyspirit. thing to do with other than daily action of your own spirit If you could you would find that see the it could be as exactly denned and delineated as one of the diagrams.APPENDIX Mr. which is merely the instrument of your spirit (its hands). and which they fain be rid of that they might eat and sleep It seems clear to me that Darwin's evolution is really involution." and quoted passages from some of his letters. it will not be at their outward appearance. and truths when you are thoroughly able to understand these diagrams and the they inculcate. Some further quotations from letters are appended here which may be found to be interesting and to throw light on his System of allusions to Mrs. why should such a secondary object and servant hide the Eternal from yourself and others. returns to dust as soon as this spirit ceases to act. but at their unhappy which would almost undisturbed. which results in a it is To obtain a type neces- sary for evolution to have ceased and for involution to have . Betts' " Symbolic Methods of Study.

may be compared to nitrogen. of hydrogen. Further. with their action and reaction with one another. and carbon." If we take the active or positing ideal activity as hydrogen we have the determining or passive real activity as carbon. in the growth The three activities which have accompanied us all through the building-up of our forms answer in a remarkable manner to the three former " elements. . activities of carries Life. could not appear in the world until a condition of nature had arrived when it could be inverted into a posi- tive reproductive activity of Thought. is From this it would appear that the animal in us stock on which not our true nature. which carries on. I presume. may advance * of destiny to reproduce the * * the life-cell -K- * by means of Thought immediately provokes the question. always constant. Does physiology bear it out ? To answer this in detail would require an essay on many subjects. is tionary activity. which as resistance not contemplated as activity but felt definite substance to our off. and the synthetical activity of the combining these opposites is as oxygen. therefore. crystallised into a species. is as oxygen That which. enters consciousness as " I" the equilibrium of these opposite activities or elements which cannot be ex- plained but only felt. as Imagination in supporting and you are aware. and nitrogen performs a function of cell-tissue. but a we have been grafted (not before possible) so to its that humanity universe. the negative reac- a supporter of combustion. oxygen. set in and scheme is essentially the has eventually is The missing link in his mean negative zero from which sprung the human race which.90 APPENDIX. of these elements in their pure or condition when in and we must not confuse the condition uncombined state. because it — negative. and gives the opposite Thoughts. The generation analysis of cells in cellulose indicates a combination in definite The proportions. Yet we may throw some light on the subject by a bold hypothesis with which many things agree. which.

also that the subjective thinking Universe evidently takes these forms. but each wandering about on it is . is only a form of time and not of eternity. It is not true that there it . # # # # would proceed from an and then each reflection or personality would become readable and empirically determinable to a general unity. new and infinite moment of our reducing at the same moment our by Thought. I imagine the difficulty you true science of or Life analysis of the laws of A Form Light as revealed in colour. If these activities exist the so-called elements interact again in a sphere of individualities. but would be thoroughly transparent to sensitive to the tones of itself an Infinite harmony. and nitrogen dissolve it in a flood of Light. and which can perhaps be analysed by correspondence in the human race. that hydrogen and oxygen. at the form to elementary composition. then perhaps you may be able to discern in the distant future of each of us an objective sphere of such thinking forms in which our personality in regard to its its form will merge in an Infinite Form. carbon. in lose all composing water that the union is their original characteristics. while in regard to essence (as we see in our own solar universe) such a condition itself would be one in which Reflection (which we are) would no longer and rendered present an impenetrable barrier between us and the Infinite. divisible only our hydrogen. and attended with activities too minute for the microscope to detect.APPENDIX. is an Earth in space with individuals not true mathematically. for instance. It is 91 undoubted. oxygen. and what we term physical Light would be a true symbol of the internal Light of Thought or Reason. find in understanding the metaphysical sense of the forms to arise from the strange revelation that our thinking capacity is (which you are aware sent personality the only real thing about us) takes If you consider that our pre- the forms of leaves and flowers. Panorama widens and into infinitude. tinting # with rainbow colours. and.

but each invents or produces that which it thinks. and by giving its this to be determined in the Onde form. the solid substratum of the Objective Universe. The fourth ground. or invisible to terrestrial vision). unrepresentable like the second ground. walk the same path. when reason tells us it cannot be so. is In each case the conscious regarded in first presence of the Divine Will aspect. that an activity or personality must be united or merged sonality if life in its again to be society of similar unities # # complementary passivity or imperlife and existent as a unity in a beyond this earthly sphere. This is as the element of the sphere music of not a poetical term. which I have stated to be accomplished in the reduction of all human form to a number and a harmony a Universe. for here history. is not a figure of speech. ^ -tF This much we can is see. the reactionary activity of the Intelligence. this. and we go on we to the objective accomplish- ment of the fourth ground (objective to the individual but finally arrive at the fifth. that and not in the world. relation between exists in my world and you or me T^ ground as it is and if there is any ground of your world or other worlds. reality. hear the same sounds. too. except only -7p a part of each independently. all it is Science when I repeat that Love is the Substance of things. which this is the actual reception and interis change of Divine if activity. is the limit of Earthly The introduction of the third law into that ground the determination of the activity by the conscience presence of the Divine Will in the Oncl form. clasp the same hands. and the centre of all . ground of science. own world with it. so that we think we same world. but an all-embracing to existence its eternal which gives all standing-ground see the and unites together.92 carries its APPENDIX. # # # Have I sufficiently explained the metaphysical meaning of ? these diagrams There is nothing to be portrayed beyond is the third or corolla ground. or perfect knowledge.

this carrying its daily and yearly experiences with it resolves actual consciousness into a spiral route. the first and which I have deciphered. which but For Wisdom and Love are the two counterparts towards all are tending. which I have is shown the line of projection of the corolla. Was it not long ago prophesied that the Lord our ! God would come and dwell among us ? Lo He is here amongst us as He has always been. and the coincidence of their forms with the laws of representation struck me as very remarkable. a visible language. and which . this line not define other than would appear to gyrate as a mere round a centre. never-ending line doubtless. but to be progressing or retrogressing. the laws of Being mani- fested in existence. but the unchanging personality remaining through the whole (which nevertheless you could feeling). Further. year Consider your own consciousness of after year. life. as this personality appears not to be stationary entirely. This is clearing the ground for the apprehension of the fact of celestial bodies are the thinking products that the movements of a personal intelligence in advance of terrestrial form. and their apotheosis is not of to-day for ever. your personality. * * * •* * day after day. His thoughts revealed in every leaf.. joys and sorrows. our communication is 93 the hidden pavilion of Absolute Being.APPENDIX. # # * # # I have often stated that I was not looking for leaves or flowers when I commenced my it studies. every flower that blooms last letters alone of . and your own consciousness of personality clinging as to the centre of these unending changes what would be a Geometrical representation of such an outward life or activity ? — As a continuous. and then at length became clear that these all forms have all along been showing to us the secret which to arrive at have been trying — viz. with all its apparent changes.

* * reflection of a developed intelligence * it * •* A grain gravitation. If you were a bright star in the firmament would you be happy there without knowing all about your adjoining brightnesses and systems f Well.94 APPENDIX. This frail attempt to solve the problem of life may seem unmeaning. We no longer want Godout here for (not reveal His Will. in by Conquest. and thus we get back to that Garden from which our ancestor was so abruptly expelled. the Eternal and each new flower is a arrived in Heaven. whose flowers are human beings. a colour is not colourlessness but comple- * & line * * * infinite A straight can alone be truly defined as an determination of activity. of sand has life or would not obey the law of The negation of mentary colour. . but when we come to understand that all life is an undulatory activity. it is all laid us at our We want men and women with eyes telescopes or microscopes) to teach us henceforth the Will of and the laws of harmonious society. it may perhaps expand into real insight by our tracing the various and infinite permutations of this principle through all states and conditions of existence in the Garden of Eden. Science in spired may fill men to feet. and that colour is an infinite array of varying undulations. The idea was and is " I and Thou." How to explain this and thereby to explain everything was my Only after close study problem. But without the study and come has experiments I feel sure (I have proved it also) that no light would come. inwardly felt and acknowledged that the flash always have I from a higher world. each flower tells you a new solar system. for I placed this as the central idea of Existence. * * •* •* •* and almost endless experiment does When such occurs light suddenly burst in upon the subject.

commencing at the first stages in the mental faculties of a child. And if to this the sudden knowledge should come of the hidden unity of all. is but a stage of development towards a higher unity. to a certain extent. Light.AlJ iJ ENDlX. By reference to astronomical motions we observe also that these mathematical a laws of thought are there clearly embodied in actual living systems. as it culminates in the Corolla form. harmony aspire. were. . what a ground would they practical view of life. personality. for find for living outgoing activity. each of which had hitherto been personified cast out of the internal as individualisation.soon see more beauty in life than they had done. in which personality disappears except as a colour harmony the whole. the second act of the " I 95 am that I am. It seems to this idea has subsisted during me the great want in the present day is a you cannot call that life which does not live. whether human or solar. But this form of a higher-thinking intelligence and clearly embodying a personality. as I have been trying to show) they would probably. an absolute manner. U. and deas Human veloping to the completed thinking apparatus of the adult. proving that the form of human intelligence is microcosm of the solar solar system. being living activity unpersonified except as colour. the its Cotyledons on which unfolding. —the and thereby return to this unity with a taint or tint of personality being the higher ideal to which humanity may . This higher stage of development follows on the union of the Absolute Alpha and Omega principles." And as I have found it that the diagram floral forms have been. and if all could see a symbol of their life in every flower that grows (a true symbol. showing thereby that this system is also the of which we are but reflections. -3F 4t» Vf W -St* * Jfc intelligence is demonstrable by Geometric forms Symbols of Thought in a definite and. in a series of evolutions. ^p jg.

also. Jg. controlling and rendering body on more or less a true symbol of itself. and telegraphs wing our words. reflections of the dumb hitherto except to botanical worms how soon shall we commence to cultivate our flower human families. . is represented in the natural leaves leaf. say an elm leaf. * The true judgment of a vortex. and Love is Thought and if we are to judge between them as to the opposite cha- racteristics of Alpha and Omega we are driven back to our evolution to show how each n- is necessary and the groundwork w of the other. and generalise and specialise them —perhaps JO. Take any will observe that while all natural body of the leaf. and the actual leaf growing up to this form through endless varieties of being the and flowers around us. I call the ideal elm leaf that which stamps the leaf as an elm leaf the spiritual body of the leaf.96 APPENDIX. -n* «5F we see the flower families. Therefore. # * # # life is. which could only be conflict. Wisdom is Thought. but what about the multitude that has to plod the road thither —concerning to whom not one is to be lost? We have invented steam-engines to transport the body with speed. All around starry universe. which . discover links between a family here and a constellation there. Jfc J£. you elm leaves partake of a certain form so near as to identify them as elm leaves yet the particular being or growth of each leaf is considerably different. It may be that here and there a distinguished pure soul (already belonging to a higher sphere) obtains entrance into the highest. now in that. thoroughly understood by seeing the varying powers in causing it to swerve now in this direction. but what W 9P spiritual engines have yet been thought out to speed the soul onwards ? •W "JP The action of the primary and essential it spirit it the natural body. a sungod there and a sun-family here? JUL.

% # * * " Esoteric Buddhism'' appears to me to be the very book needed to complement my studies. whom we are symbols —Earth or Planetary con- dition being the Onden matter of the Central Spirit. or motion. but as something which is these four things at once.APPENDIX. ." Now what is this which as- IS these four things at once but our Onden differentiated . inert. when The main result the conflict passed * # # is # # Our solar system the objective plane of the Higher power of (i. is the final net result being only seen of this teaching and a new sphere is attained. . human forms can and discover a law underlying -x- even the survival of the fittest. which matter) we have shown to be. It may also explain the numerous deaths in infancy. I think is 97 just the sort of experience which all find life to be. duration.e. for to the coward they assure us there is nothing in store but Night and the Pool. how it so exactly counterparts the Science of Representation. would be the lesson inculcated by our forefathers. not dead. that human the death of the form in infancy may be a sign of a still higher birth than that of those It reckoned more fortunate who survive. not as something having these four attributes. to the possible On this subject I may call your attention and very frequent dislocation of an advanced third dimensional corolla through gross undeterminateness of and its possible correspondence with the interplanetary between Mars and Jupiter in our own Solar system. showing. also. The corollas of our orchids show very vast dislocations. But I must now commence with an extract from " Esoteric Buddhism" to show . the cyme scales state undeterminateness being the weak or disease point of constitutions.. matter. that of courage. : On page 176 are these words is — " The one imperishable thing in the universe which universal pralayas themselves pass over without destroying that which may be regarded indifferently as space. sible to may yet be pos- determine within what limits of undeterminateness survive. but living reaction of Thought.


Further than

Oncl and Onde'?


actually discover

which are the purely masculine and feminine activities in this Eternal Universe the Alpha activity, in its infinite repre;



the straight line

= duration or Time




Space, or

Time determinable

in this or that

method or


of representation.


activity, or that

Matter the simple opposition of the which is Thought, is the reaction

of representation, and


described with these or


may be termed





excellence, while

motion is the Alpha principle par


being the progression in time of continued material

These laws of intuition are not inherent in someitself, and thus the basis of our life is eternal and imperishable as the universe. But can you carry the idea of the across that gap in the fifth round of humanity (about mid career) where only the really spiritual thought can climb ? It is visible in every corolla you examine it is the transition of petals into stamens and pistil, through which metamorphosis alone the and O spirit

thing, but are that thing







thought can enter Nirvana.


stood Schopenhauer's ideal,

cast forth into the infinite blackness, and, as I understand,


never found out that his Alpha had an


ideal in the







The laws

of mathematics are absolute




themselves, they are certain so far as any knowledge can be
certain, but the

fundamental law of the Science of Repre-



that of the undeterminateness of




absolutely uncertain

and human formulae are

I have

before stated)


represented by algebraic surds, there

always being an irresolvable remnant, and hence they are
called irrational quantities.

But mathematics placed on a

metaphysical basis might be productive of something, certainly they will not



firmly of opinion that


and constitutional

weaknesses are very quickening of spiritual impulses both

the patient and the others concerned



the essentially liuman,

as opposed to the animal qualities, are

mainly strengthened or


may be so, and I think sickness might almost take the place human evolution that natural selection does in the animal





There appears



be a fundamental antithesis between

Eastern and Western Thought.
out the necessary conditions of

This would only be carrying

existence, without


Western Thought Existence would lapse in Being has sprung from the Hebrew " I am," crude and arbitrary at


but subdued, and humanised, and





so that



harmony, and is breaking out on all sides as emotional activity, and is even getting quite unanswerable in its demand, but let but the

Western idea

taking root as a



Lily show herself and you will find a wonderful change come
over modern history.


ship shall again obey her

sudden breeze springing up, our helm and spring forward toward

her horizon;




COVENT GAEDEN. 15. YOEK STEEET. LONDON. . 1887. Redway's Publications.A Selection FROM Mr. GEOEGE EEDWAY.


London. The BY D. 2 Vols. GEORGE REDWAY. D. 12mo. CHARLES HASTINGS COLLETTE. COVENT GARDEN. . YORK STREET.15. YORK STREET. COVENT GARDEN. 1887. GEORGE REDWAY.. 2s. OF AND WRITINGS Thomas Cranmer. TIMES. A NEW NOVELIST. BY ALFRED T. 21s. YORK STREET. First Keforming Archbishop of Canterbury. THE LIFE. cloth. Nature and Law.. January. Covent Garden. AN AN S WEE TO Professor Drummond's " Natural Spiritual World? Law in the GEORGE REDWAY. STORY. COVENT GARDEN. Tore Street. Fifine: A NOVEL.

and a book which will have some permanent value to the student of the occult.— ME.D. The Life of Philippus Theophrastus. Hartmann has made his excerpts from them with a good Students. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. Dr. " Dr. which will be of great use to future readers of Paracelsus . Hartmann quotes some of his recipes for transmuting metals and producing the electrum magicum. . Alchemy and Astrology. " Dr. Magic and Sorcery. Extracted and translated from his rare and extensive works and from some unpublished Manuscripts. BY FRANZ HARTMANN. Hartmann has produced a very amusing book. " On the whole. Anthropology. and he even gives directions (in his treatise ' De Natura Rerum') for the production of homunculi. should be grateful for this book. among mystics and him one hundred and six treatises upon medical and occult alchemists. however. Medicine. since to read one of Bombast's Latin or German treatises is a very stiff exercise indeed. Theosophy and Philosophy. And the substance of his teachings concerning Cosmology. " From some considerable acquaintance with the writings of Paracelsus." St. we can say that Dr. Pneumatology. that it is perfectly possible to create human beings by alchemical means .' But Paracelsus is the most transcendental of European mystics. AUTHOR OF " MAGIC. indeed. KNOWN BY THE NAME OF Paracelsus. Hartmann says he has tried these allegorically and when practically. Bombast of Hohenheim. prescriptions and found them all right ." "Paracelsus was a high priest M. COVENT GARDEN.. ' GEORGE REDWAY. James's Gazette. YORK STREET. and for so much he is to be thanked. Hartmann has compiled a very full and accurate glossary of occult terms. he left behind subjects. ETC. " Paracelsus held firmly to the belief of some of the hermetic writers of the Middle Ages. unless you are well versed in his very recondite terminology. setting of Theosophical nonsense. but he warns the uninitiated against of blowing the risk themselves up in the endeavour to follow the running master's instructions. despite its deal of skill. and it is not always easy to know when he is writing Dr. which are likely to be read by the curious as long as mysticism remains a necessary study for whoever would trace the developments of civilisation.

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and now done into J. " In my opinion the version is definite and final. W. cloth. 353. Mr. " The interest of this compilation is naturally not to be compared to that aroused by the ever fresh 'Thousand and One Nights .— — — ME. 167) . BED WAY'S PUBLICATIONS. 109. Price 10s. are sufficient and satisfactory. recently purchased by Mr. are highly spiced enough see the amorous princess in the Eleventh Wazir's story (pp. and the gentleman to whom we are indebted for this English version apparently the most complete in any language of Western Europe merits the thanks of the reading public for the work Atkenceum. OR.. though short and few.' — — ' About 500 pages. lish readers is delightful addition to the wealth of Oriental stories available to Eng' The History of the Forty Vezirs' (Redway).' but it has had high reputation among particular admirers. English by E. The style is light and pleasant with the absolutely necessary flavour of quaintness . Harut and Marut (p. when he supplants a broad joke by a banal English phrase. He has the good sense. Gibb. In short. 215. CO VENT GARDEN. and 399). and the notes. Gibb. and indicates some of the more interesting parallels suggested by those old stories in the ' Gesta Romanorum." ' : ' GEORGE REDWAY. Gibb does not write only ad clerum . to subjoin in a note the Yet some of the novelle original Turkish (pp.' and other treasures of oldworld fable. E.S. Written in Turkish by Sheykh-Zada.' the ' Mabinogion. in the India Office. performed. 6d. J. from the Turkish of Sheykh-Zada. Gibb has considerately done everything to help the reader to an intelligent appreciation of this charming book. .' the ' Decameron. Burton. being exceedingly witty and fescennine. 381-3) . In the preface Mr. W. crown 8vo. To the forty told by the Lady and those of the forty Vezirs. The collection comprises 112 stories. Gibb deals with the bibliography of the French and German versions. and thus he has been obliged to leave in the obscurity No. six from Dr." Saturday " A Review. M. The Story of the Forty Morns and Eves. 199. 366. and 382).E. Gibb has added four from Belletete. done into English by Mr. 2 of an Eastern language' three whole tales (pp. The results of collation are admirably summarised in a comparative table that analyses the contents of the various texts. Quaritch. Behrnauer's translation. and the Thirty-seventh Wazir's tale. showing why men have beaten Sir Richard F. 140. Mr. in " The Academy. their wives since the days of Saint Adam' (p. and two from a MS.A. the explanation of the proverb Take counsel of the cap that is on thy head' ' (p. Mr.' Of the less Milesian I would especially commend the story of the Venus-star and the magical angels. 349. 362). and the truly Turkish and unspeakable version of modest Aesop's * Countryman and his Son. The History of the Forty Vezirs. twenty from a MS.' the ' Thousand and One Nights. YORK STREET.

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' GEORGE REDWAY. with the difference that. SELECTED AND EDITED BY ESTELLE DAVENPORT ADAMS. that is to say. Davenport Adams's anthology. COYENT GARDEN. Geometrical Psychology. W. and plain. Sea Song and River Rhyme. YORK STREET. Swinburne's new patriotic song. and bound in best cover designed by cloth. The Science of Representation. handsomely printed in borders with original on a special make of toned paper. Being the Theories and Diagrams of B. GEORGE REDWAY. Betts expresses mind-growth geometrically . with numerous plates. 'A Word for the Navy. " Mr. OR. his growth-formulae are expressed in numerical series. When the series are thus represented." Extract from "Symbolic Methods of Study. crown 8vo. the Mathew Bell. they are found to resemble the forms of leaves and flowers. Sea Song and River Rhyme From Chaucer to 'Tennyson. whereas Boole's expression of the Laws of Thought is algebraic. YORK STREET. 6d." by Mary Boole. Betts') seems to have taken a similar direction to that of George Boole in logic. " His attempt (B.— — MR. ." Athenceum. Illustrated with Etchings. Price 6d. In post 8vo. In large 11 headrieces. cloth. of which each can be pictured to the eye in a corresponding curve. EXPLAINED BY W.' is understood to be as fiery in its denunciation of those he believes to be antagonistic to the welfare of the country as was his lyric with w hich he startled the readers of the Times one morning. COYENT GARDEN. COOK. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. coloured 7s.' which will appear immediately in Mrs. Price 10s. With a New Poem by Algernon Charles Swinburne. Betts LOUISA S.

AUTHOR OF "THE ROSICETJCIANS. profoundly learned. "Unpleasant as this subject is. He has produced something which is. " This book ." Antiquarian Magazine and Bibliographer." Phallicism: Its connexion with the Eosicrucians and the Gnostics.." Demy 8vo. BY HAEGRAVE JENNINGS. GEORGE REDWAY.. and appeals to the scholar only. their tenets. Mr. under various names. enquiry." Reliquary. it has considerable importance* Jennings deals almost entirely with the subjective part of his . at worth the attention of the student of comparative psychology. The appendix also contains much very curious matter which will interest those who desire to study the subject under all its different aspects and bearings. a subject for which is Jennings the better fitted on account of his long and intimate acquaintance Rosicrucians. . and he has evidently made a considerable amount of research into the scientific aspect. by the author of " The Eosicrucians.— — — 12 MR. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS.. inhabitants of Great Britain and Ireland all . YORK STREET.. and thorough mastership of the subject. among the Israelites of old. A few copies only remain of the following important work. we are quite prepared to agree that in its form of human worship. . clear and unmistakable reasoning. has prevailed all among the nations of antiquity and of mediaeval times. in Italy and Gaul. and gives evidence on each page of deep thought. and among the primitive Mr. " This book is written ad clerum. a most valuable auxiliary to who care to pursue such a subject of inquiry. and its Foundation in Buddhism. literature of early religions all events. COVENT GARDEN.. alike in Egypt and India. as a . . and not It is a masterly to the multitude. . cloth. with the and their practices." is Antiquary. and exhaustive account of that worship of the creative powers of nature which. intense powers of research.

James's Gazette. " Over this thrice-silly subject the author has expended some most excellent writing." ' . from the original French." " Literary ability is evident throughout the book. COVENT GARDEN." World. cloth." &c. and undeniable grammar. ' ' —Literary " There " Mr." The Whitehall Revieio. crown 8vo. Sinnett's previous works on Esoteric Buddhism' and The Occult World" in some way prepare the reader for the marvellous psychological phenomena with which the present volumes abound. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. United: BY A. COVENT GARDEN. MR. and which cannot fail to have an irresistible charm for all those who love the byeways of speculation. GEORGE REDWAY. P." " It is even doubtful whether Mr. well done. a weird attractiveness about United which makes even the non-believer in theosophy loth to put down the book when once he has taken it up . Now first done completely into English prose and verse. SINNETT. and he has succeeded in making it of special interest The Lady. Author of "Karma. 6d. NEW TRANSLATION OP "THE HEPTAMERON. tibly fascinating. — GEORGE REDWAY.— — — — ME. SINNETT. nevertheless. A. pure English.' but those who are occult already will take his powerful romance to their hearts will pour out libations before him. for spiritualists and readable by common people.. Sinnett will win one genuine convert to occultism by United . Tales and Novels of Margaret." The Heptameron. 13 NEW NOVEL BY In 2 vols." St. and loudly cry Court and Society Revieio. Sinnett has produced a novel turning on psychic. mesmeric. is. or. YORK STREET. Now offered at 10s. by Arthur Machen. and magnetic causes operating on English men and women of ordinary and very extraordinary types. while to the lovers of occult phenomena it will prove irresisLiterary World. "Mr. Queen of Navarre. Published at 21s. P. In preparation. . ideas that < jual in breadth and strength some of those of our best writers. YORK STREET.

" Book Lore. but a careful and enthusiasm minute description of the first issues. treats the subject with evident sincere admirer of the greatest satirist of the century. thereon. with other matters indispensable to collectors represents a large amount of labour and experience. and have a value for of modern works. Mr. COYENT GARDEN. Charles Plumptre Johnson. with full collations and statement of the Mr. " . Johnson supplies is likely to be of high interest to Thackeray collectors. and the author. " ." his The Spectator. twenty-five of which are on large paper. It is choicely printed at the Chiswick Press . " The list of works which Mr. YORK STREET. on each page is an exact copy of the title-page of the work mentioned collecting first editions of his works. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. A guide to those who are great admirers of Thackeray. that work with so much loving care The prices that he has affixed in every case form a valuable feature of the volume.. GEORGE REDWAY." . . ." Notes and Queries. bound in parchment and printed on hand-made paper. .. Grown 8vo } 6s. Mr. .. Printed on hand-made paper and bound in vellum. knowledge and It is not a Thackeray Bibliography. HINTS TO COLLECTORS THE WORKS OP OF ORIGINAL EDITIONS OF William Makepeace Thackeray. " . . The Edition is limited to five hundred and fifty copies. useful hints ou the differences Altogether it in editions. His preliminary remarks go beyond all collectors this not very narrow circle. and are The dainty little volume. Johnson addresses collectors. in a manner worthy of its subject matter. BY CHARLES PLUMPTRE JOHNSON. Johnson has evidently done we feel entire confidence in his statements.— —— — 14 MR. a collation of pages and illustrations. but is in addition a probable cost . which has been produced The Academy. is very concise and convenient in form .

. Just published. copies. wrapper. Crown The Edition is 8vo. and produced with the like finish and taste. The book is a companion to the similar guide to collectors of Thackeray's first editions. Johnson has further augmented the present volume with a list of thirtysix plays founded on Dickens's works. YORK STREET. COVENT GARDEN. The New Illumination. for his useful and interesting 'Hints to Collectors of Original Editions of the Works of Charles Dickens' (Redway).— — MR. . Price Is. It is unnecessary to repeat our praise of the elegant format of these books. fifty limited to five hundred and fifty which are on large paper. of "Enthusiastic admirers of Dickens are greatly beholden to Mr. BY CHARLES PLUMPTEE JOHNSON. 82 pages. we must content ourselves with thanking him for the correctness of his annotations. 6s.' make up fifty-eight numbers . .. The works of Dickens with a few notable Dickensiana. 15 HINTS TO COLLECTORS OF OEIGINAL EDITIONS OF THE WORKS OF Charles Dickens. ' ' ." The Academy.. C. and another list of twenty-three published portraits of Dickens. Printed on hand-made paper. " This is a sister volume to the Hints to Collectors of First Editions of Thackeray. BY EDWARD MAITLAND." GEORGE REDWAY. YORK STREET. As we are unable to detect any slips in his work. is compiled with the like care." Johnson The Saturday Review. Author of "The Pilgrim and the Shrine. . and bound in vellum. COYENT GARDEN. and Mr..' which we noticed a month or two ago. GEORGE REDWAY. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. P.

cloth extra. " Folk-Songs. GEORGE EEDWAY. the numerous songs connected with the rites of May. a well-known authority among special students of this branch of literature. Dirges. full of information and thoughtful suggeswith the Folk-songs of Southern peoples. Dick. Armenian. " pleasant volume on a pleasant topic The Countess. with her sincere enthusiasm for what is simple. perhaps culture." Standard. are as tempting to me as King Charles's head to Mr. YOEK STEEET. A — April 24.' familiar with Southern volhsleider. COVENT GAEDEN. and Folk. 7s. most 'Essays in the Study of Folk-Songs. and Sicily.Poetry' is the most serviceable essay in the ' Folk Lullabies' is perhaps the most pleasant of the remaining volume essays in the admirable volume. a volume remarkable for knowledge. the hest part of her book her article on ' Death in Folk. or should be. But interesting as the topic of the origin and diffusion and literary merit of these poems may be poems much the same in all European countries they are rather caviare to the general. James's Gazette. and good taste.— — — 16 ME. to whom I heartily commend her The Countess is." Extracts from a page notice in the Saturday Review. to the scientific student of popular Europe Next to her introduction. Italy. It deals principally human ' race. and certainly one of the most interesting. perhaps. and with her lucid and unaffected style. the Inspiration of Death. and sensuous in folk-song. Provence. Handsomely printed and tastefully hound. well understands the mode in which the educated collector should approach the shy singers or story-tellers of Her introduction is perhaps. books which has been written on a subject which has of late years been exciting an ever-increasing attention. Her book is a treasure house of Folk-lore of various kinds. COUNTESS EVELYN MARTINENGO-CESARESCO. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. a very delightful book.' traditional popular ballads. Sicilian. Folk-Lullabies. 6d." St. large crown 8vo. as of Greece. The Countess Martinengo-Cesaresco is. 436 pages . sympathy. and Greek Songs of Calabria. — — " A kind of popular introduction to the study of Folk-lore. the idea of fate. such as the influence of Nature. Essays in the Study of FolkBY THE Songs. This is one of the most valuable. and which involves many important problems connected with the early history of the "This is tions. 1886. Venetian. but there are several essays devoted to the general characteristics of Folk-Poetry. and the matter is handled with much poetic appreciation and a good deal of learning. There is also an interesting essay on what is called the White Paternoster and Children's Rhyming Prayers. . passionate." Daily News.

The Morning Star. The Gentleman's Magazine. GEORGE REDWAY. the brief-lived College Magazine. Among other entries will be found a remarkable novel. &c). Once a Week. The whole forms a copious and it is believed approximately complete record of a remarkable and brilliant literary career. This Bibliography commences with. Price 10s. The Cornhill Magazine. Swinburne was one of the chief contributors when an undergraduate at Oxford in 1857-8. La Republique des Lettres. The Spectator. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS In crown 8vo. the original appearance is duly noted of every poem. The Dark Dine. .g. of Swinburne ARRANGED IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER.. extending already over a quarter of a century. Price 6s. published in instalments. COVENT GARDEN. The Examiner. or letter. The Academy. The Tatler. Delgravia. to which Mr. OP THE PUBLISHED WRITINGS IN VERSE AND PROSE OF ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE (1857-1884). A few copies on Large Paper. contributed to any journal or magazine (e.. Le Bappel. The Athenaeum. and never issued in a separate form. &c. 6d. The Daily Telegraph. %* ONLY 250 COPIES PRINTED. whether collected or uncollected. The Glasgoiv University Magazine. YORK STREET. The Fortnightly Bevieiv. and several productions in verse not generally known to be from Mr. Besides a careful enumeration and description of the first editions of all his separately published volumes and pamphlets in verse and prose. The Bibliography A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. MR. in French grey wrapper. prose article. Swinburne's pen.

Symbolism. Assassins. Parsees. COVENT GARDEN. Palmistry and Handwriting. Dreams and Divination. Rosicrucians. Theosophical. Anthropology. Mesmerism. Animal Magnetism. Ancient History. Christians. Gnostics. Oracles. Flagellants. [Writing. Ethnology. Being a Catalogue of Books Ancient Worships. Round Towers. Psychometry. . Serpent Worship. Buddhism. ON SALE relating to Magic and Magicians. China. Fascination. Astrology. Sibylls. Egypt. Metaphysics. Prophets. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. Druids. Alchemy. Folk-Loi*e. Secret Societies. Eeo-platonisni. India and the Hindus. Theology and Criticism. Behnien and the Mystics. The Literature of Occultism and Archaeology. Skeptics. price dd. Koran. Travels. Mirabilaries. Witchcraft. Orientalia. Antiquities. Arabic. Occult Sciences. Obelisks. [and Quakers. Rabbinical. Demonology. Gems. Coins. Psychoneurology. Philosophy. Clairvoyance. Tombs. YORK STREET. Hieroglyphics and Secret Herbals. Hindus. Freemasonry. Divining Rod. Cabeiri. Persian. Mysticism. Post free. Mythology. Mysteries. Mithraic Worship. Spiritualism. Ghosts. Physiognomy. GEORGE REDWAY. Kabbala. Phrenology. Visions. Philology. Miracles. Jesuits.18 ME. Somnambulism. Hermetic.

' not to win a barren reputation for himself as a thaumaturgist or wonder-worker. should the genuineness of the phenomena in question be satisfactorily established. is one that will appeal to the prepared student rather than to the general reader. there — would undoubtedly be proof that the Eastern sages to whom Colonel Olcott bears witness do possess a knowledge of the laws of the physical universe far wider and acquired by the inductive science of the in this volume is more intimate than that which has been laboriously West . Price 7s. We cannot . . now discuss its claims. OLCOTT. in which at once a theology. WITH GLOSSARY OF INDIAN TERMS AND INDEX. and we will not them we will only say that Colonel Olcott's all pronounce any opinion upon volume deserves and will repay the study of irresistible readers for whom the bye-ways of speculation have an charm. and his ' main object is not to secure belief in the reality of any phenomena. and Occult Science. BY HENRY S. COVENT GARDEN. officer is The American a person of undoubted social position and unblemished personal reputation. made the acquaintance Esoteric Buddhism/ ' of such books as Mr. occupy a quite subordinate and unimportant position. " This book. 19 In crown Svo. mere marvels. to which we can only allot an amount of space quite incom- mensurate with its intrinsic interest. Sinnett's or has in To any one who has previously Occult World. GEOROE REDWAY. Religion. a metaphysic. but to win acceptance for one of the oldest philosophies of nature and human life a philosophy to which of late years the thinkers of the West have been turning with noteworthy curiosity and interest. 6d." Manchester Examiner. as such.— ME.' and ' other ways familiarised himself with the doctrines of the so-called Theosophical Society or Brotherhood. Of course. Theosophy. PRESIDENT OF THE THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY. YORK STREET. these lectures of Colonel Olcott's will be rich in interest and suggestiveness. cloth. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. but the theosophy expounded and a sociology.

" Globe. 8vo. may be asserted with absolute confidence is.. " An excellent description both of land and people. we shall not presume to say how far he has succeeded. publisher. Mr. Nature. " Shway Yoe is a graphic writer . " Before going to help to govern them. SCOTT Crown (" Shway Yoe"). AND AS IT WILL BE. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS." Saturday Review. will have done the public and himself a service." " Most interesting. Now ready. of Parlia- " Mr. What. fidelity. no one can supply this information Asiatic Quarterly Review. and will be . " Very lively and readable. " The book is amusing and instructing." " The print is clear. Scott should have called this volume ment." " Probably no Englishman knows Burma better than Mr. Scott. Scott claims to have covered the whole ground." Society. that he has written a bright. as readable as accurate.. " The author knows what he writes about. and at Smith's Railway Bookstalls. IS. and as there is nobody competent to criticise him except himself.' " London and China Telegraph. 6d. Burma: AS IT WAS. price 2s. cloth. at all Booksellers' ." " There is a good deal of curious reading in the book.. BY J. is. Scott. Scott has once more written on the Burmese . however. and useful book. — Contemporary Review.. Stephen's Review." He sketches Burma and the Burmans with minute Daily Chronicle. and Mr. Mr." GEOEGE EEDWAY. . St. James's Gazette. readable.. George Eedway. J." Pall Mall Gazette. " A competent historian." A book for is Members " The sketch of Burmese cosmogony and mythology very interesting." St." Bookseller." Literary World.— — — — —— — — — — — — 20 ME. Contemporary Review. YOEK STEEET. the Court Journal. Popular Edition. March 27. to show Burma as it was. and the binding in excellent taste. " Evidently full of genuine information.. COVENT GAEDEN. better than Mr. it is ' "A handy guide to Burma. AS IT G. G.

. Kitton. 6d.. with India proof portrait. An Essay on the Genius of George Cruikshank BY " THETA" (WILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY). ! — "As re-issue the original copy of the Westminster is now excessively rare. in imperial 8vo. nor ever missing a point which may help to elucidate his subject or enhance the charm of his essay Mr. With all the Original Woodcut Illustrations." by F. How inimitable is its touch At once familiar and elegant. GEORGE EEDWAY. 15th. W. In demy 8vo. no doubt." Birmingham Daily portrait of Cruikshank Mail. is a piece of work well calculated to drive a critic of these days to despair. E. "W. it is Thackeray talking to us as few can talk talking with apparent carelessness. and a Prefatory Note on Thackeray as an Art Critic by W. GEOEGE EEDWAY. wrapper. serious and humorous. ^iT A few copies only remain. . Price 7 s.— — — ME. be welcomed by collectors. COYENT GAEDEN. with Extra Portrait. Church. this will. what the French call personnel. E. Jan. Price 5s. Portrait and numerous Illustrations. firm The Artist. uncut. and yet just and clear-sighted . Notes on his Principal Works. COVENT GAEDEN. parchment paper covers. YOEK STEEET. 21 A few large paper copies. even ramblingly. G. U Phiz" A Memoir With a (Hablot Knight Browne): including a Selection from his Correspondence and . Church's prefatory note on • Thackeray as an Art Critic' is interesting and carefully compiled." Westminster Review. enthusiastically appreciative. of " Thackeray's essay ' On the Genius of George Cruikshank. "The new etching.' reprinted from the Westminster Review. YOEK STEEET.. a New Portrait Cruikshank etched by Pailthorpe. It is not the impersonnel reviewer who is going through his paces . EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. Pailthorpe is a clear. By Fred. but never losing the thread of his discourse or saying a word too much. but above all.

. wrecks of history wherein the memory of things is almost lost. COVENT GAEDEN. Notes and Queries ON SUBJECTS CONNECTED WITH THE COUNTIES OF SUFFOLK CAMBBIDGE. whose fortunes we follow from the cradle to when experience is just beginning to teach him a few wholesome lessons. in advance. 1 vol. 400 pages.—— — 22 ME. coins.. EVELYN WHITE. should blind people to the downright wickedness of such a perverted career as is here described. calendars. names. cloth. traditions. Author of " A Chequered Career. etymologies. OR. C.S. the reader is in for a delightful half-hour." " Mr. with exact and scrupulous diligence can anyway collect from genealogies. proverbs. EDITED BY THE Rev. YOEK STEEET.. titles. monuments. YOEK STEEET. 6s. instruments. or remnants that have escaped the shipwreck of time . Annual subscription. archives. by which means something is recovered from the deluge of In this imperfect history no deficiency need be noted." " It will be matter for regret if the brisk and lively style of Mr. inscriptions. AND NOEFOLK. bis HENRY W. " Antiquities are history defaced. COYENT GAEDEN. is as smart and Whitehall Review. payable Issued Monthly. Nesfield. H. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. The East Anglian. F." LORD BA CON. The history of young Archibald Highton Tregauntly. fragments of private and public history. brisk as it is possible to be. it being of time its own nature imperfect. crown 8vo. NESFIELD. or such particulars as industrious persons. ESSEX. Nesfield's name as an author is established on such a pleasantly sound foundation that it is a recognised fact that. 6s. A Regular How He Sowed BY Pickle: Wild Oats." Daily Chronicle. . at times reminds us of Levee. Advancement of Learning. GEOEGE EEDWAY.. of books no way historical. in taking up a book written by him.RHist. scattered passages. during which his risible and humourous faculties will be pleasantly stimulated. &c. who GEOEGE EEDWAY.

each GEORGE REDWAY. G. copies printed. COVENT GARDEN. It is a comprehensive catalogue of all the writings of Mr. has done his work with remarkable thorough.. and some of them are so much at variance with others. crown Svo. It is a subject on which I may fairly claim to speak." from a Drawing by Samuel Laurence. and of a good quantity of books written about him. " Mr. price 7s.."—Punch. and a great deal I did not know. A mine of anecdote and fact. Artist and Humourist. if not arguments. and nothing more. .) 23 {Only 500 Dickensiana. and consequently with real success. SWINBURNE'S NEW POEM.. and compact. A Bibliography of the Literature relating to and his Writings. and I may say that all that 1 know. " This book is honestly what it pretends to be. 250 copies. that the reader of them can complain of nothing less than a lack of material on which to form his judgment. YORK STREET. if he has not formed it already." "With a Portrait of " Boz." "If. MR. numbered." in the World. are multiplied on either side." and " John Leech. ness. In the press. Assertions. author of " Phiz' (Hablot K. Kitton's work. COVENT GARDEN. exhaustive. with your Dickens-lore you'd make Considerable headway. Charles Dickens. green cloth boards. GEORGE REDWAY. about Dickens is to be found in Mr. 'Tis clear. ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE. Browne). The way to be well-read 's to take This book brought out by EEDWAY. 544 pages. G. Both well-arranged and written . Compiled by P. KITTON. Fred. YORK STREET.— MR." Saturday Review. Charles Dickens ' Compiled by Fred. The criticisms are so various. Kitton . a Memoir. — " DICKENSIANA. G-. It also contains copious extracts from reviews of his works and from sermons on his character. 6d." " Atlas. A Word Edition limited to for the Navy. Kitton. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. on the claim of Mr. Dickens to occupy a front place in the rank of English classics.

6. 6d. book without homage to the force. One Shilling.' . No. GEORGE REDWAY. 9. No. Mohini M. Price 3s. —Theosophy in the Works of . Sinnett. upon the ancient religious belief of the Jews. No. 11. Kb. In large crown 8vo. and the never-failing skill St. YORK STREET. " This very remarkable book. Ashton Ellis. 3 to 11.. Chatterji. A Synopsis of Baron Du Prel's "Philosophie der Mystik." By Bertram Keightley. Sithron. Chatterji. its 8.— 24 ME. Chatterji. Sinnett. James's Gazette. No. No. COVENT GARDEN. Sinnett. On the Higher Aspect of Theosophic Studies. P. — — — — And other Proceedings. By price W. Nos. pungent. By Miss Arttndale. 5.. — On Mesmerism. of Bassora. . is a bold." . —The Theosophical Society and Work. maybe had. GEORGE REDWAY. 7. No. —The Theosophical Movement By A. and each succeeding number as issued. 1 and 2. Translated (Ala bereket Allah) from an ancient Arabic Manuscript. By A. 3. 10. Transactions of the London Lodge of Society: the Theosophical Nos. YORK STREET. A Paper on Reincarnation. By A P. —A Paper on Krishna. 4. audacious No one can read the . the Star Stricken. No. the tenderness. By No. ' Sithron.Richard Wagner. By Mohini M. COVENT GARDEN. of its writer. Out of print.— The Higher Self. BY SALEM BEN satire TJZAIR. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. By Mohini M. P. .

WESTROPP. COYENT GAEDEN. G. E. of With an Introduction by Major-General Forlong. Author " Eivers of Life. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. her GEOEGE EEDWAY. cloth extra." Daily Telegraph. when and illustrate it on the sudden death of the lamented author. Price 6d. if she were minded and in earnest." as " This work is a multum in parvo of the growth and spread of Phallicism. and rondeaux. so of Gudrun. COVENT GAEDEN. " Mrs. Nugent." St. Price 2s. In demy 8vo. on Dutch paper. James's Gazette. " A well-selected repertory of facts illustrating this subject. we commonly call the worship of nature or fertilizing powers.. the Eeproductive Principle. BY The late HODDER M. Greville-Nugent has succeeded very fairly well with her villanelles triolets and se6tines. Primitive As Illustrated in Phallic Symbolism Worship . Westropp that in this oldest symbolism and worship lay the foundations of all the goodly systems we call Eeligions." Morning Post. or. " It is clear from many exquisite passages that Mrs. choicely printed. I felt. GEOEGE EEDWAY. that it would he desecration to touch so complete a compendium by one of the most competent and soundest thinkers who have written on this world-wide faith. 25 and bound in Japanese parchment." The Times. 6d. . her ballades and chants royal. The Rueing And Hon. BY THE GREVILLE-NUGENT. "Where she shows herself at her best is in the French forms of verse. which exactly suit her talent. 7s. YOEK STEEET. might be a real poetess." Westminster Review. which should solicited to enlarge — be read by all who are interested in the study of the growth of religions. Mrs. YOEK STEEET.— — — — ME." J. In imperial 16mo. other Poems. Poelohg-. " The writer touches the various chords of her lyre with no inexperienced hand. None knew better or saw more clearly than Mr.

' he said no more than the truth. Baring-Gould has declared that ' the whole story of Pope Joan is fabulous. In 2 vols. tastefully Pope Joan (THE FEMALE POPE). YORK STREET. " The author of " Less Than Kin" has produced in " The Curate's Wife" a story as powerful and full of genuine human interest as has appeared for some long time past." Morning Post.' written by Emmanuel Rho'idis. PANTON. Collette's introduction is full of information.' but others are not so firmly convinced in the matter. insight into character of both the sexes. In small 8vo. Wife. C. COYENT GARDEN. . Emmanuel with Preface by CHARLES HASTINGS COLLETTE. COYENT GARDEN. cloth. GEORGE REDWAY. To the two latter classes the little monograph on ' Pope Joan. but in real life the chances would be against her. This tale of " country life" is realistic in the best sense Paithful as a photograph in all its minor details. Price 2s. Translated from the Greek of Kho'idis. and in this lies its chief merit. " When Dr. 6s. and this clever novel is." ' GEORGE REDWAY. The A Curate's BY J. May 19th. and published by Mr. handsomely printed on antique paper. Dollinger wrote to the effect that the subject of Pope Joan has not yet lost interest.. The author discusses the topic with much learning and Globe. will be very acceptable. more satisfactory had Meta conquered in the unequal contest between her well-meaning inexperience and her husband's brutal self-love. 6d. Mr. edited with a preface by Mr. doubtless. H. It would have been. Story of Country Life. and at all times there are those who are anxious to investigate singular traditions. an exact picture of certain phases of human nature as it is. and rests on not a single historical foundation . and bound. A Historical Study. 1886. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. and Mr. above all. ingenuity. YORK STREET. The probability is that the topic will always have its attractions for the lovers of the curiosities of history. Collette. E. Redway.— 26 — MR. it shows clear of the word.. and under very varied conditions.

. extant periodicals treating of transcendental subjects. AUTHOR OF " THE HUMOUR AND PATHOS OF CHARLES DICKENS.— — — - ME. Weller sm s i FROM " Pickwick" and " Master Humphrefs Clock. Rideal. YORK STREET." Literary World. BY CHARLES KENT.. ." Selected by Charles F. and it can be carried away in the pocket." We GEORGE REDWAY. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. Sphinx Is. YORK STREET. cloth. per annum.. EDITED. U. COYENT GARDEN. J. tainty of affording amusement. " Some of the best sayings of the immortal Sam and his sportive parent are The book may be taken up for a few minutes with the cercollected here... " It was a very good idea . 12s. 6<L : Monatsschrift fur die geschichtliche und experimental Begriin- dung der ubersinnlichen Weltanschauung auf monistischer Grundlage herausgegeben von Hubbe Schleiden." — GEORGE REDWAY. COYENT GARDEN. Dr.. Glasgow Herald. here nothing is missed. 27 Demy 18mo. uncut. monthly . but lie writes Weller. as it promises to be one of the best The Theosophist. " cordially recommend this magazine to all those of our readers who are acquainted with the German language. 200 pages. Price 2s." TSpigrarn on DicJcens. the extracts are very humorous . WITH AN INTRODUCTION." " Some write well.

and bring them solemnly to the bar of taste. From the variety and excellence of the contents of this bundle of poetical effusions. — are singularly pathetic and mournful . each sheet of eight pages consisting of paper of a special hue. The With a Valley BY of Sorek. 14. Aug. COVENT GARDEN. a glimpse of a literary rainbow. 2 vols. Price 6s. has the distinction of being multiTo coloured. there But that is scarcely the right spirit in which to be as solemnly condemned." " But ' Low Down. are permeated by quaint humour . turn over the leaves is. There is room in life for the quaint and curious as well as for the neat and elegant.. apparently at haphazard. and we shall look with much anticipation for another from the same hand. YORK STREET. such jokes too seriously. it is likely to attract a great number of readers. In crown 8vo. who would take small type.' as it is called. YOKK STREET." The Globe. particularly suitable for recitation. BY TWO TRAMPS. to regard them. others. is in the of character book a high and pure moral and a distinct conception The dramatis persona . GERTRUDE Critical Introduction M. COTE NT GAEDEN. most of which can fairly be conSome of the pieces sidered poetry no slight merit. and all of them are of considerable merit. beings do GEORGE EEDWAY." Contemporary Review. GEORGE EEDWAY. and the character of the atheist.. to enjoy a sort of kaleidoscopic effect. " There individual. 1886. perhaps. in large or There are those. Low Down Wayside Thoughts in : Ballad and other Verse. GEORGE. to complete the peculiarity of the thing. are in reality strongly and surprise one with their inconsistencies just as real human There is something powerful in the way in which the reader is made to feel both the reality and the untrustworthiness of his [the hero's] religious fervour. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS.. . cloth. though in serious guise. and many passages in it are Army and Navy Gazette. Graham. " This is a collection of short pieces. as verses run just now. Price Is.. Moreover. by Kichard Herne Shepherd. as the case may be. is not less strongly It is a work that shows imagination and moral and definitely conceived insight.— — — 28 ME. the various poems are printed. in fact.

' by Albert Pike. YORK STREET. uncut. By John H. BLAVATSKY. parchment. price 3s. Much curious information is collected in this essay. will find means of gratifying their curiosity by procuring the back numbers of The Theosophist and a very remarkable book called Isis Unveiled. Vols. which is not to be a confounded with spiritualism. I. the volume is well printed and tastefully bound in spotless vellum.. GEORGE REDWAY. those interested in the movement. P. and CONDUCTED BY H.. Ingram. YORK STREET. besides extracts from others two in German and one in Latin.. in which Mr. Several translations are given. COVENT GARDEN. Ingram declines. BY EDGAR ALLAN "With Historical and Literary Commentary.—— ME... an interesting monograph on Poe's famous poem. to VIII. " There is no more reliable authority on the subject of Edgar Allan Poe than Mr. Occultism. we think. two in French. But perhaps the most interesting chapter in the book is that on the ' Fabrications. First comes the poet's own account of the genesis of the poem. The Crown " This is Raven. . . a composition which undoubtedly suggested the idea of ' The Raven' to its author.. 8vo. "Theosophy has suddenly risen to importance." The Publisher's Circular. the other in rhymed verse . POE. with the various readings. gilt top. to accept the history as entirely genuine. very properly. and then its after-history . COVENT GARDEN. 2s.. 20s. Literature. and will prove to be a work of the greatest interest to all students of English and American literature. The Theosophist. Ingram . one in prose.. Monthly. Art. 29 .. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS." Literary World. A Magazine of Oriental Philosophy. Yearly Subscription. John H. GEORGE REDWAY. LITERARY AND HISTORICAL EDITION OF POE'S RAVEN. and after these ' Isadore. 6d. with a criticism. Then follows the poem itself. by Madame Blavatsky. Now Ready.' " The Spectator. The movement implied by the term Theosophy is one that cannot be adequately explained in few words .

FOEK STEEET. . evidently from a Univerpen . after Smoking Methodised. " There is unquestionable power in ' Leicester. " Even M. A " We have here a most excellent piece of fooling. and implying vast reading and out-of-the-way culture on the sity part of the author. reminding one alternately of ' Melancholy' Burton and Herr Teufelsdroch. though undisciplined. of such a character as to make one regret that Mr. ' powers.. Price 3s. Adams's description of Eosy's death. and a delicious parody of scholastic logic. In croum 8vo. 620 pages. of New BY Tobacco..— — — — 30 ME. " A delightful mock essay on the exoteric philosophy of the pipe and the pipe bowl . BY FRANCIS W. GEOEGE EEDWAY.' " The Athenceum. Divided and Considered a Fashion. Leicester: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY. COVENT GAEDEN. ADAMS. George Moore would find it hard to beat Mr. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. Adams had not put to better use his undoubted." JBookseller. The Anatomy Or. Zola and Mr. L. " very clever and amusing parody of the metaphysical treatises once in fashion. too. handsomely bound. parchment. The grimly minute narrative of Leicester's schoolboy troubles and of his attempt to get a living when he is discarded by his guardian is.. LEOLINUS SILURIENSIS. Every smoker will be pleased with this volume.." Literary World. YOEK STEEET. contains some very clever burlesques of classical modes of writing. COVENT GABDEK NEW REALISTIC NOVEL." Notes and Queries. 6d. Price 6s.. GEORGE EEDWAY.." The Academy.

YORK STREET." "It forms a useful and entertaining guide to a beginner in Notes and Queries. YORK STREET. including Ancient Records. COVENT GARDEN. Polk-Lore. A new Edition. and Annotated by and Event. Sumner Jones Portrait of the Poet. to each of which the attention of the student is directed. Pottery. all the various objects which may legitimately be considered to come within the scope The author has and intelligible form. The pamphlet is printed on a beautiful modern antique paper. G. &c. Price Is. researches. Member of the Yobkshibe Arch^ologucal and Topographical Association.' has clearly and concisely summed up.S. COYENT GARDEN. BY JOHN BATTY. appropriate to the subject of the work. F. elegantly printed on Butch hand-made paper. The Scope and Charm of Antiquarian Study. Price 5s.. Mural Paintings.— — MR. " Mr. — GEORGE REDWAY. in the space of a few pages. and offers every incentive to the study in every department. With Photographic ''This remarkable poet affords nearly the most striking instance of neglected genius in our modern school of poetry. Heraldry. Prefaced. cloth. Dobson styles ' gleaners after time. Studies of Sensation Edited." Academy.Hist. Poems by Ebenezer Jones. His poems are full of vivid disorderly power. — 31 EBENEZER JONES'S POEMS In post 8vo. GEORGE REDWAY. . J. old style. Batty. intelligent." Brighton Examiner.R. Manorial Court-Rolls. Painted Glass. Rossetti. and bound in parchment-paper cover. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. of antiquarian study." D. Linton. and W. In demy 8vo. Numismatics. Church Bells. who is one of those folks Mr. " historical laid it before the public in a most inviting. With Memorial Notices of the Author by Bichard Herne Shepherd.

Confessions of an English Hachish Eater." Price 10s. " The stories told by our author have a decidedly Oriental flavour. after all. A Rough Outside with a Gentle Heart. unhealthy imaginations. 32 An edition de luxe. in demy 18mo." Bradford Observer. Beauty and the Beast. writer of this clever brochure. CO VENT GARDEN. with a view to experience the sensation described by the Edinburgh Courant. OOVENT GARDEN. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. resin of the book . Price Is. KEWLY-DISCOVERED POEM BY CHARLES LAMB. ." Lloyd's Weekly. with Preface and Notes BY RICHARD HERNE SHEPHERD. GEORGE REDWAY." "A weird little — GEORGE REDWAY. The author seems to have been delighted with and .. printed on handsome paper at the Ghiswick Press. weird. — little " There is a sort of bizarre attraction in this fantastic Whitehall Review. carefully explains how hachish may be made from the common hemp plant." book.— — — MR." Daily Chronicle. " To be added to the literature of what is. YORK STREET... YORK STREET.. OE. 6d. Only 100 Copies Printed.. a very undesirable subject. with its " Imagination or some other faculty plays marvellous freaks in this book. and we would not be surprised if some foo ish individuals did endeavour to procure some of the drug. Weak minds may generate a morbid curiosity if stimulated in this direction.. 8vo. Now first reprinted from the Original Edition of 1811. Fcap. and bound in parchment by Burn to form a companion volume to " Tamerlane. By Charles Lamb. little his dreams.

in an article devoted to the discussion of this topic. Price The Handbook of BY Palmistry. or the science of reading character from the marks of the hand. YORK STREET." " It possesses a certain literary interest. Price Is. for many years proficients in this branch of science. for Miss Baughan shows the conGraphic. 33 THE ONLY PUBLISHED BIOGRAPHY OP JOHN LEECH. nection between palmistry and the doctrines of the Kabbala. " The very model of what such a memoir should be. Edition. interesting little sketch." known as one much claim to of the most expert consideration as any Sussex Daily News. ROSA BAUGHAN. newly revised." " In the absence of a fuller biography we cordially welcome Mr. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. ARTIST AND HUMOURIST A Biographical BY Sketch. Svo. KITTON. revised. with Illustrative Plates." says the Daily Neivs. " will be interested in a handbook of the subject by Miss Baughan. New G. " The multitudinous admirers of the famous artist will find this touching monograph well worth careful reading and preservation. FEED. in demy Is. GEORGE REDWAY. Fourth Edition." " Miss Rosa Baughan. YORK STREET. COYENT GARDEN." Daily Chronicle. has as writer on the subject.—— — — — MR. . AUTHOR OP "INDICATIONS OF CHARACTER IN HANDWRITING. COVENT GARDEN. published by Mr. "People who wish to believe in palmistry. Kitton's Notes and Queries. John Leech. An edition de luxe in demy 18mo." Graphic." GEORGE REDWAY. Bedway.

together with the choicest Aphorisms of the Seven Segments of Jeeom Cardan. edited by William Lilly (1675) now first republished from the original edition with Notes and Preface 1 . An Historical Tragedy. YOEK STEEET. BY W. of Milan. A Guide for Astrologers. Author of " Orion. ELDCXKT SERJEANT. Being the One Hundred and Forty-six Considerations of the Astrologer. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. translated from the Latin by Henry Coley. The book is well got up and printed." " This tragedy is the work of a poet and not of a playwright. In crown Svo. COVENT GAEDEN. CO VENT GAEDEN. Price 7s. for rescuing this GEOEGE EEDWAY. . OB. 5s. and advanced students will find this book an indispensable addition to their libraries. it is at least not unworthy of the models which have inspired it. Anima Astrologiae. " Air. With Engraved Frontispiece. 6d." Theosophist. Edition limited to 500 copies. THE ASTROLOGER'S GUIDE. GEOEGE EEDWAY. Serjeant deserves the thanks of all who are interested in astrology important work from oblivion The growing interest in mystical science will lead to a revival of astrological study. If the structure of the drama challenges comparison with the masterpieces of the Elizabethan stage. handsomely printed on antique paper and tastefully bound.— — 34 ME." Times. C. Guido Bonatus. YOEK STEEET. BY RICHARD HEWGIST HOENE. 5 Fourth Edition. And other Poems. Many of the scenes abound in vigour and tragic intensity. Cosmo de Medici.

— ME. Demy 8vo. although the astrological for that purpose. wrapper. headings may be regarded by the profane as fanciful. to dispense with illustrations. . YORK STREET. Physiognomy may now be scientifically studied by means of composite photography. GEORGE REDWAY. BY ROSA BAUGHAN. and non-smokers may be interested in the fatal. It is crammed full from beginning to end of its 148 pages with wellselected anecdotes. Bound infancy uncut edges. . poems. and excerpts from tobacco literature and history. the reader using the faces of his acquaintances The classification. Is. volume "The smoker should be grateful to the compilers of this pretty little No smoker should be without it. Tobacco Talk and Smokers' Gossip. YORK STREET.. literally " One of the best books of gossip we have met for some time.. An Amusing " Miscellany of Fact and Anecdote relating to in all its The Great Plant" Forms and Uses. COYENT GARDEN. too. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS." "Something Literary World. including a Selection from Nicotian Literature. An edition de luxe in cloth." — GEORGE REDWAY. demy 18mo. COVENT GARDEN. fragrant herb on our literature. Price 2s. The Handbook of Physiognomy. is good. Graphic. and anti-tobacconists have its only to turn over leaves to be converted. tracing the effect of tobacco — Pall Mall Gazette. " The merit of her book consists in the admirable clearness of her descripSo vivid is the impression produced by them tbat she is able tions of faces." . — — 35 Fifth Thousand." Pall Mall Gazette. to please smokers.

Whitsun Ales. Bride Bush. and Malt. Price to Subscribers." " shoeing horns. brave boys." such as " super-nagulum. and Ana . Collected and arranged by W. less connected with —Whitsun Home Ales. Church Political. and the obsolete phraseology of " toss-pots. In 'preparation. and Hops. Index. The volume will contain much curious and out-of-the-way information. Here's a health to the Barley mow" and Brazenose songs in honour of the brew for which that college is renowned." " upsee-freeze. Scraps. Ballads. Local and Dialect. Barley —Introduction. of the manners and customs of " malt worms" and mug-house clubs .' Ales and Observances. as the songs of the threshers and tinkers. Ale Wives . Wain. Facts.— 36 — MR. Oxford Songs . Drinking Clubs and Customs . Contents. This work will doubtless prove a valuable and pleasant addition to the library of the student of history and lover of poetry. Trade Songs. History. Warm Ale . Then there are lyrics pertaining to particular sorts and conditions of men. Black Beer . Royal and Noble Drinkers . The Songs. and the clubs. REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. and the statutes against drunkenness . T." The author will pay attention to the drinking customs more or the Church like . GEORGE REDWAY. Drinking Vessels . and Anecdotes relating to Beer ? Malt. and the and the Sheepshearing and Harvest " Here's a health to the Barley mow. Praise of Ale. COVENT GARDEN. which may be considered as forming a class of themselves. embracing a short sketch of the rise and progress of the art of brewing in this country. YORK STREET. MAR CHANT. General. . of the rejoicings Hock Cart. Brewers . sailors and soldiers. Epigrams. OR. Scotch Songs. 6s. Harvest. Hops. Bride the chants of the wassail-bowl. Bride Ales." and " carousing the hunter's hoop. Carols and Wassail Songs. an account of the laws relating to beer.

37 In preparation. become scarce. the spirit and humour of their scenes and their association with the names of great actors in the past. BY RICHARD HERNE SHEPHERD. but many have. critical ' after the production of the earliest of Colman's pieces first collected edition.' in which Colman made John Kemble. the text has become more or less corrupted. the suppressed preface to his The Iron Chest.— ME. Considering the great popularity of Colman's plays." Daily News.' and ' The Poor Gentleman' have held the stage. The Comedies and OF Farces GEORGE COLMAN THE YOUNGER. famous personal attack upon GEORGE REDWAY. Most of them were issued in Colman's lifetime in pamphlet form. it is a curious fact that Mr. which will shortly he published in two volumes by Mr. and of those which. with Annotations and Critical and Bibliographical Preface. Shepherd's publication. though it appears more than a century " Mr. EEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. YORK STREET. will be the It will comprise. Now first collected and carefully reprinted from the Original Editions. the dramatic works of George Colnian the younger. In Tivo Volumes. Shepherd is engaged in collecting and reprinting. of course. H. with a and biographical introduction and annotations.' ' John Bull. like the Heir-at-Law. ' on the stage. It. COVENT GARDEN. . nevertheless. Redway. of York Street. THE PLAYS OF GEORGE OOLMAN THE YOUNGER.

" ETC." — GEORGE REDWAY. handsomely printed To and bound in one vol. With a " Protest by Madame Blavatsky. 6d. 'The i. her. 8vo. SINNETT. Glasgow Herald. brief and indignant denial of the grave charges which have been made against Graphic. be published shortly. YORK STREET. : The Book of Concealed Mystery. COVENT GARDEN. The Kabala Denudata (Translated into English). Greater Holy Assembly.. Price Is. AUTHOR OF " THE OCCULT WORLD. 64 pp. KEDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. price 10s. Sinnett scores some points against his adversary." BY S. Collated with the original Hebrew and the Latin text of Knorr de Eosenroth's " Kabala Denudata. CONTAINING THE FOLLOWING BOOKS OF THE ZOHAK I. GEORGE REDWAY. "All who are interested in Theosophy should read it. P. . Small demy 8vo. World. COVENT GARDEN. The " Occult The World AND BY Phenomena" Society for Psychical Research. YORK STREET. A. 3.— 38 ME. The Lesser Holy Assembly." " Mr." — Literary An interesting addition to the fast-expanding literature of Theosophy. wrapper. which may contain Madame Blavatsky herself appends to the pamphlet a further refutations. LIDDELL MACGREGOR MATHERS." " ESOTERIC BUDDHISM. 6d. and his pamphlet is to be followed by some memoirs of Madame Blavatsky.

INITIATIONS. per annum. Subscription. and the Study of Occult Science. The A Treatise on Virgin of the World.) (Published under the auspices of New Monthly.. Theosophy in America. K. of NITIONS or ASCLEPIOS ASCLEPIOS PEAGMENTS WEITINGS OF HEEMES. The Aryan Theosophical York." The Theosopfiist. November. YORE STREET. . REDWAY'S PUBLICATIONS. CO VENT GARDEN. . . EDITED BY WILLIAM Society of Q. and Aryan literature. with reference to the Egyptian religion. 39 hound in vegetable parchment. Small 4to. JUDGE. Trice 10s. with Illustrations.— MR. 6d. GEORGE REDWAY. and an Essay on " The Hermetic Books" by E. M. GEORGE RED WAY. the DEFI- of the TRANSLATED AND EDITED BY THE AUTHORS OP " THE PERFECT WAY. The Path: A magazine devoted to the Brotherhood of Humanity. Philosophy. 10s. " It will be a most interesting study for every occultist to compare the doctrines of the ancient Hermetic philosophy with the teaching of the Vedantic and Buddhist systems of religious thought. 1885." With an introduction to " The Virgin of the World" by A. COVENT GARDEN. The famous books of Hermes seem to occupy. the same position which the Upanishads occupy in Aryan religious literature. BY HERMES MERCURIUS TRISMEGISTUS. YORK STREET.

H H . P Jones. E Navy Word for the 23 . Ebenezer Jones.. Anna. Studies of Sensation and Event Serjeant. 13 24....INDEX. Charles Kingsford.. W.. P Spiritual Hermeneattics . Pope Joan Poe Paterson.. . 11 10. Sheykh-Zada Swinburne. P 33... C. .D. G. C Sinnett. Hablot K... Swinburne Bibliography of H 7 11 17 24 20 31 34 3 19 35 29 28. Religion.38 .. TFellerisms M Lamb Leech Linton.. Forty Vezirs Folk-Songs Fifine. Eldon .... Kosa Blavatsky. W.Regular Pickle (A) Eliphas Levi's Writings W.. C. Mathers Machen..37 . Ingram. 3. S 3 38 19 18 21 35 Phenomena Cosmo de' Medici . 16 15... 15 Sumner Judge.... . Kitton.. 15 23 3 Pat7i'T7ie) Phallicism Praise of Ale 26 29 9 39 12 36 29 22 27 25 . Davenport Arundale. Dickens Dickensiana .... Walford.. W Greville-Nugent. . Betts. F Rueing of Gudrun Forlong. Drummond East Anglian Ellis.... 34 21 11 32 10 H.. J. 23. J. E. John 20 31 Marchant. Waite. Hargrave Keightley.. H. A . Hon. H.. J. .23 : Geometrical Psychology George. 22 9 24 25 8 Eideal.. F. M. J. 33 38 27 . ... J. . .. 14.. A. W.... PAGE Leolinus Siluriensis Life of . E. Hartmann. Watford's Antiquarian 7.39 Westropp... 38 . . .. 32. and Occult Science Tobacco Talk Theosophist (The) Incidents in Life of H. C. . Mints to Collectors Hubbe-Schleiden.35 10.. Evelyn W.. .. Gibb. Mrs 28 8 25 Sea Song and River Rhyme Shepherd. Miss .. 14... ... . Chatterji.. L ." 30 31 34 18 30 11 Cranmer Low Bourn Literature of Occultism and Archaology Leicester 28 18 30 Adams. A. 29. A. .. . Paracelsus E 25 33 26 H 4 W M . . Blavatsky Two Tramps Transactions L. Miss Louisa S Collette. W Beauty and the Beast Blood Covenant . C... Jonnson. H.. . F. PAGE Astrology Theologized Anatomy of Tobacco . John Theosophy.. 7 30 3 Antiquarian Study Astrologer's Guide Archaology and Occultism Adams... . "W New Illumination Nature and Law Occult World Olcott. Mohini Clarke.. 11 17. 38 13 9 Mountaineering Below the Snow-Line Mysteries of Magic Burma Batty. Curate's Wife {The) Confessions of an English Uachish Eater Colman Comedies and Farces Cruikshank.. 24 Martinengo-Cesaresco.. Salem Ben Uzair Sphinx Sultan Stork 24 27 16 3 . B.. A .. B.. 39 Baughan. .. Mrs. . Story..... Kabala Denwlata Kent. E .. Countess Maitland. A. .15 27 13 Heptameron Home. E . 34 26 32 37 37 21 21 Occultism and Archaeology "Phiz" Physiognomy Primitive Symbolism Palmistry Cardan Cook.. 34 11 26 24 6 Panton. F.. M. Q Jennings. 31 31 39 12 24 21. L.. TJ 14. Lilly White...... W. H. Major-General J... .. .. W. M. P. T 9 36 22 15 Bonatus Browne. T G . Mrs. E... 31. George Church. G.... C.. Hernies History of Tithes 34 4 39 6 29 10 Sithron Scott.. T. E. H. Nesfield.. Raven (The) . S 28 24 6. Thackeray Thomas Cranmer Trumbull United Falley of Sorek Firgin of the 'World 21 3 10 13 28 39 5 25 5 27 22 9 B G .

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