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Appendix: Income Inequality in America's 50 Largest Cities, 2007-2012

City

Population,
2012

Household Income,
2012
20th percentile

Ratio,
2012

95th
percentile

Change in
Household Income,
2007-2012
20th
percentile

Ratio
Change,
2007-2012

95th
percentile

1

Atlanta, Georgia

443,768

$14,850

$279,827

18.8

-$4,036

-$16,813

3.1

2
3
4

San Francisco, California
Miami, Florida
Boston, Massachusetts
Washington, District of
Columbia
New York, New York
Oakland, California

825,863
413,864
637,516

$21,313
$10,438
$14,604

$353,576
$164,013
$223,838

16.6
15.7
15.3

-$4,309
-$1,840
-$1,359

$27,815
-$3,397
-$14,912

3.9
2.1
0.4

632,323

$21,782

$290,637

13.3

-$22

$7,645

0.4

8,336,697
400,740

$17,119
$17,646

$226,675
$223,965

13.2
12.7

-$1,735
-$1,062

-$8,677
-$14,059

0.8
0.0

2,714,844
3,857,786
621,342
2,161,686

$16,078
$17,657
$13,522
$17,344

$201,460
$217,770
$164,995
$205,490

12.5
12.3
12.2
11.8

-$2,194
-$3,107
-$2,706
-$1,977

-$4,100
-$26,242
-$7,586
-$10,327

1.3
0.6
1.6
0.7

*

1,547,607

$12,850

$151,026

11.8

-$1,536

$2,638

1.4

*

1,241,108
701,524
392,871

$17,811
$9,083
$17,753

$200,367
$101,620
$193,777

11.2
11.2
10.9

-$2,392
-$2,098
-$1,486

-$25,065
-$19,820
-$8,256

0.1
0.3
0.4

655,141
390,923
394,098
634,265
505,870

$13,520
$9,432
$17,359
$19,770
$15,665

$145,015
$100,903
$183,407
$208,810
$160,360

10.7
10.7
10.6
10.6
10.2

-$1,231
-$1,865
$38
$1,000
-$3,257

-$12,014
-$5,537
$4,127
$7,169
-$6,171

0.1
1.3
0.2
-0.2
1.4

775,208

$21,998

$219,126

10.0

-$4,864

-$6,815

1.6

22
23

Memphis, Tennessee
Cleveland, Ohio
Tulsa, Oklahoma
Denver, Colorado
Fresno, California
Charlotte, North
Carolina
Kansas City, Missouri
Long Beach, California

464,346
467,888

$16,353
$19,255

$161,488
$185,543

9.9
9.6

-$1,641
-$3,042

-$2,668
-$14,302

0.8
0.7

24

Austin, Texas

842,595

$21,738

$207,594

9.5

-$1,646

-$10,787

0.2

25
26
27

Portland, Oregon
Tucson, Arizona
Sacramento, California

603,650
524,278
475,524

$20,152
$13,798
$17,901

$191,492
$130,327
$168,858

9.5
9.4
9.4

-$1,535
-$3,800
-$6,608

$3,681
-$9,029
-$12,393

0.8
1.5
2.0

28
29
30

Milwaukee, Wisconsin
El Paso, Texas
Indianapolis, Indiana

598,920
672,534
835,806

$13,328
$16,206
$16,230

$125,363
$151,745
$150,346

9.4
9.4
9.3

-$3,481
$1,530
-$5,811

$237
-$4,486
-$16,883

2.0
-1.3
1.7

31
32

Seattle, Washington
Louisville, Kentucky
Albuquerque, New
Mexico
Nashville, Tennessee

634,541
605,108

$26,156
$16,924

$239,549
$152,792

9.2
9.0

-$678
-$1,636

-$11,471
-$11,832

-0.2
0.2

555,419

$18,646

$168,121

9.0

-$2,818

-$239

1.2

*

623,255

$18,539

$166,032

9.0

-$3,914

-$10,293

1.1

*

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

33
34

Chicago, Illinois
Los Angeles, California
Baltimore, Maryland
Houston, Texas
Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania
Dallas, Texas
Detroit, Michigan
Minneapolis, Minnesota

*
*

*

*

*
*

*
*
*
*

City

Population,
2012

Household Income,
2012
20th percentile

35
36
37
38
39
40

Ratio,
2012

95th
percentile

Change in
Household Income,
2007-2012
20th
percentile

Ratio
Change,
20072012

95th
percentile

46

San Diego, California
San Jose, California
Jacksonville, Florida
Phoenix, Arizona
San Antonio, Texas
Columbus, Ohio
Oklahoma City,
Oklahoma
Raleigh, North Carolina
Omaha, Nebraska
Fort Worth, Texas
Colorado Springs,
Colorado
Wichita, Kansas

47

Las Vegas, Nevada

596,440

$21,380

$164,344

7.7

-$6,248

-$36,330

0.4

48
49
50

Mesa, Arizona
Arlington, Texas
Virginia Beach, Virginia

452,068
375,598
447,021

$21,007
$24,169
$31,051

$157,190
$175,759
$187,652

7.5
7.3
6.0

-$5,952
-$3,458
-$4,727

-$10,044
$220
$211

1.3
0.9
0.8

41
42
43
44
45

1,338,354
982,783
836,507
1,488,759
1,383,194
809,890

$25,126
$31,047
$17,411
$19,186
$18,518
$17,238

$224,814
$273,766
$152,329
$167,503
$158,566
$147,496

8.9
8.8
8.7
8.7
8.6
8.6

-$3,158
-$3,560
-$7,843
-$3,796
-$1,480
-$1,134

-$13,942
$8,143
-$18,999
-$26,099
-$5,381
$1,295

0.5
1.1
2.0
0.3
0.4
0.6

599,309

$18,835

$160,125

8.5

-$1,492

-$12,331

0.0

423,743
421,564
782,027

$24,113
$19,649
$20,992

$199,911
$161,910
$168,989

8.3
8.2
8.1

-$1,137
-$2,252
-$1,701

-$174
-$7,658
-$827

0.4
0.5
0.6

431,846

$22,213

$175,034

7.9

-$3,372

-$4,378

0.9

385,586

$19,516

$151,068

7.7

-$2,781

-$16,879

0.2

Source: Brookings Institution analysis of 2007 and 2012 American Community Survey data
* Change was significant at the 95% confidence interval

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