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Ccna1 m5 Cabling Lans Wans

Ccna1 m5 Cabling Lans Wans

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Ccna1 m5 Cabling Lans Wans
Ccna1 m5 Cabling Lans Wans

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Published by: Garoafa Ion on Feb 20, 2014
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CCNA – Semester1

Module 5 Cabling LANs and WANs

Objectives

• Identify characteristics of Ethernet networks. • Describe the function of network devices

• Describe and cabling the LANs • Decribe WAN connections and cabling the WANs

Cabling the LANs LAN Physical Layer • Each media has advantages and disadvantages. Some of the advantage or disadvantage comparisons concern the following: – – – – Cable length Cost Ease of installation Susceptibility to interference .

3 to three new committees known as 802. • Ethernet was first implemented by the Digital. Intel. released in 1980. 802.3z (Gigabit Ethernet over Fiber). and Xerox group.Ethernet Family Ethernet Standard • Ethernet is the most widely used LAN technology. and 802. • DIX Ethernet was used as the basis for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802. • Later. . referred to as DIX.3ab (Gigabit Ethernet over UTP).3 specification. the IEEE extended 802.3u (Fast Ethernet).

Ethernet Cable and Connector UTP Implementation • EIA/TIA specifies an RJ45 connector for unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable. . The letters RJ stand for registered jack. and the number 45 refers to a specific wiring sequence.

.Attach the RJ-45 RJ-45 Jack RJ-45 Plug Repeater: Layer 1 • Repeater regenerate and retime network signals at the bit level to allow them to travel a longer distance on the media.

Too much latency on the LAN increases the number of late collisions and makes the LAN less efficient. This rule is used to limit latency added to frame travel by each repeater.1 Rule • • • • • 5 sections of the network. 2 sections for link purposes. • • This rule states that no more than four repeaters can be used between hosts on a LAN. passive and intelligent • Every device connected to the same network segment is said to be a member of a collision domain.3. 3 sections for hosts. 1 large collision domain.4 repeater rule 5.2.4. 4 repeaters or hubs. • Sometimes called concentrator • There are 3 types of hub: active. Hubs: Layer 1 • Multiport repeater • The physical topology for using a hub star. .

. • The function of the bridge is to make intelligent decisions about whether or not to pass signals on to the next segment of a network. reducing network performance. more easily managed segments. it is necessary to break up a large LAN into smaller.Network Segmentation • When the number of network node is big. Bridge Functions • Switches and bridges operate at the Data Link layer of the OSI model.

Bridge Functions • The function of the bridge is to make intelligent decisions about whether or not to pass signals on to the next segment of a network. • A switch therefore has two main functions: – switch data frames – build and maintain tables LAN Switch • Switches operate at much higher speeds than bridges and can support new functionality. • They makes these decisions based upon the layer 2 physical address (MAC). such as virtual LANs. • Switches can easily replace hubs .

Ethernet switches have such benefits: – reduces network congestion – maximizes bandwidth – reduces collision domain size • .Cisco Catalyst Catalyst 2950 Catalyst 6500 Catalyst 3550 Switch: Micro-segmentation • An Ethernet switch allows many users to communicate in parallel in a virtually collisionfree environment.

• When selecting a NIC.Host Connectivity . consider the following: – – – – – Network architecture Operating system Media type Data transfer speed Available bus types Type of network .NIC • The NIC is also referred to as a network adapter and is considered Layer 2 devices because each NIC carries a unique code called a MAC address.

Peer-to-peer versus Client/Server Cabling the WANs .

the router will be a data terminal equipment (DTE) and use a DTE serial cable. . or a device that provides signal clocking such as a channel/data service unit (CSU/DSU).WAN physical layer • The physical layer implementations vary depending on: – distance of the equipment from the services – speed – type of service itself WAN Serial Connections • If the connection is made directly to a service provider.

slot. The DTE is the endpoint of the user’s device on the WAN link. . Fixed and modular port • Interfaces on routers with fixed serial ports are labeled for port type and port number (eg S1). and port number (eg: S0/1). Ethernet AUI port need transceiver to convert from DB-15 to RJ45 • Interfaces on routers with modular serial ports are labeled for port type.Routers and Serial Connections • Determine whether DTE or DCE connectors are required. • The DCE is the point where responsibility for delivering data passes into the hands of the service provider.

Connect the other end of the phone cable to the phone jack. do the following: – – Connect the phone cable to the ADSL port on the router. To connect an ADSL line to the ADSL port on a router. Routers and Cable Connections • The Cisco uBR905 cable access router provides highspeed network access on the cable television system to residential and small office. • DSL works over standard telephone lines using pins 3 and 4 on a standard RJ-11 connector. . home office (SOHO) subscribers.Routers and DSL Connections • • The Cisco 827 ADSL router has one Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) interface.

5 RJ-45 Jack Punch Down 5.1.3 Interconnecting network devices 5. on the router.12 Building a Peer-to-Peer Network 5.2. The AUX port allows remote monitoring and configuration of devices over modem connection. on the terminal (workstation).Setting Up Console Connections • • • – – The console port allows monitoring and configuration of a Cisco hub.2. and no flow control. or router. 1 stop bit. Lab Companion • • • • • 5.7 Establishing a Console Connection to a Router or Switch .1. 8 data bits. To set up a connection between the terminal and the Cisco console port. no parity. perform two steps. switch. Connect the devices using a rollover cable from the console port. Configure the terminal emulation application with the following common equipment (COM) port settings: 9600 bps.1. to the serial port.13 Building a LAN Network 5.

Summary • • • • • • • • LAN physical layer Ethernet standards 5-4-3 rule Functions of network devices Peer-to-peer versus client/server network WAN physical layer WAN connections WAN technologies .

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