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# Assignment 2.

5
Yatrik Solanki
B4. (d) Let a, b R, a < b. Assume f : [a, b] R is continuous, and increasing on (a, b). Claim: f is strictly increasing on the interval [a, b). Proof: BWOC, assume y (a, b) such that f (y ) < f (a). As y > a, a monotonically decreasing sequence {xn } in (a, y ) converging to a, and since f is strictly increasing on (a, y ), n N, f (xn+1 ) < f (xn ), so {f (xn )} is itself monotonically decreasing; so limn f (xn ) =GLB(f (xn )) < f (y ). As f is continuous at a, limn f (xn ) = f (a) < f (y ). But f (y ) < f (a) by assumption, a contradiction. Therefore f is strictly increasing on the interval [a, b). To show f (b) > f (x) for every x (a, b), the same procedure applies with reverse ordering: for any point x < b f (x) > f (b), choose a monotonically increasing sequence in (x, b) converging to b whose image under f will also be monotonically increasing and converge to its least upper bound. The continuity of f at b will require that this LUB is f (b), contradicting the hypothesis that f (x) > f (b). Thus f is strictly increasing on [a, b].