English Words of Arabic Origin

English Words of Arabic Origin

admiral
albacore
Alcazar
alchemy
alcohol
alcove
alfalfa
algebra
algorithm
Alhambra
almanac
amber
apricot
arsenal
artichoke
assassin

(‫ﺮﻴﻣﻷﺃ‬, al-ameer, “commander of”)
(‫ﺓﺮﻮﻜﺎﺒﻠﺃ‬, al-bakoura)
(‫ﺮﺻﻗﻠﺃ‬, al-qasr, “the castle”)
(‫ﺀﺎﻳﻤﻳﻜﻠﺃ‬, al-keemiyaa, “chemistry”)
(‫ﻞﻮﺤﻜﻟﺃ‬, al-kuhoul)
(‫ﺔﺒﻘﻟﺃ‬, al-qubba, “the arch”)
(‫ﺔﺳﻓﺳﻔﻟﺃ‬, al-fasfasa)
(‫ﺮﺑﺠﻠﺃ‬, al-jabr, “the restoration, fusion”)
(‫ﻲﻣﺯﺮﺍﻮﺧﻟﺃ‬, al-Khawarizmi, a ninth-century
Arab mathematician)
(‫ﺀﺍﺮﻣﺤﻠﺃ‬, al-hamraa, “the red house”)
(‫ﺥﺎﻧﻤﻠﺃ‬, al-manaakh, “the climate”)
(‫ﺮﺑﻨﻋ‬, `anbar, “ambergris”)
(‫ﻖﻮﻘﺮﺑﻟﺃ‬, al-birqouq)
(‫ﺔﻋﺎﻧﺼ ﺮﺍﺪ‬, daar sinaa`a, “house of
manufacturing”)
(‫ ﻒﻭﺷﺮﺧﻟﺃ‬,‫ﻚﻮﺷﻟﺃ ﺾﺮﺃ‬, ard al-shawk, alkhurshouf, “choke of the earth”)

(‫ﻦﻳﺷﺎﺷﺤﻠﺃ‬, al-hashaasheen, “users of
hashish”)
attar (‫ﺭﻄﻋ‬, `itr, “perfume”)
balsam
(‫ﻢﺴﻟﺒ‬, balsam)
borax
(‫ﻖﺍﺭﻭﺑ‬, buraaq)
caliber
(‫ﺐﻠﻗ‬, qaalib, “mold, model”)
caliph
(‫ﺔﻓﻳﻠﺧ‬, khaleefa, “successor”)
camel
(‫ﻞﻤﭽ‬, jamal)
carafe
(‫ﻒﺍﺮﻏ‬, ghiraaf, “handfuls of water”)
carat(‫ﻄﺍﺭﻳﻗ‬, qiraat)
caraway
(‫ﺎﻳﻮﺍﺮﻛ‬, karaawiyaa)
checkmate
(‫ﺖﺎﻤ ﻩﺎﺸ‬, shah maat, “the king is dead”)
cipher
(‫ﺮﻔﺼ‬, sifr, “empty, zero”)

coffee
(‫ﺓﻭﻬﻗ‬, qahwa)
cotton
(‫ﻦﻄﻗ‬, qutn)
crimson
(‫ﻱﺯﻤﺮﻗ‬, qirmizi, from qirmiz, “red dye”)
cumin
(‫ﻥﻮﻤﻜ‬, kamuun)
damask
(‫ﻕﺷﻤﺪ‬, dimashq, “Damascus” [Syria])
divan
(‫ﻦﺍﻭﻳﺪ‬, diwaan, “hall, assembly”)
elixir (‫ﺮﻳﺴﻜﻹﺃ‬, al-iksiir)
gazelle
(‫ﻞﺍﺯﻏ‬, ghazaal)
gauze
(‫ﺯﻗ‬, qazz, “raw silk”)
genie
(‫ﻦﺠ‬, jinn, “demon”)
ghoul
(‫ﻞﻮﻏ‬, ghoul)
giraffe
(‫ﺔﻓﺍﺭﺯ‬, zaraafa)
guitar
(‫ﺮﺎﺛﻳﻗ‬, qithaar)
gypsum
(‫ﺲﺑﺠ‬, jibs, “plaster”)
hazard
(‫ﺮﻫﺯﻟﺃ‬, al-zahr, “the die”)
henna
(‫ﺀﺎﻧﺤ‬, hinaa)
jar (‫ﺓﺮﺠ‬, jarra)
kismet
(‫ﺔﻤﺴﻗ‬, qisma, “portion, destiny”)
kohl (‫ﻞﺣﻜﻠﺃ‬, al-kuhl, “powdered antimony”)
jasmine
(‫ﻥﻳﻤﺳﺎﻳ‬, yasmiin)
lemon
(‫ﻦﻭﻤﻳﻟ‬, laymoun)
lilac (‫ﻚﻠﻳﻠ‬, laylak)
lute (‫ﺪﻮﻋ‬, `oud)
macramé
(‫ﺔﻤﺮﻗﻤ‬, miqrama, “embroidered veil”)
magazine
(‫ﻥﺰﺎﺧﻤ‬, makhaazin, “storehouses”)
mascara
(‫ﺓﺮﺧﺳﻤ‬, maskhara, “buffoon”)
mocha
(‫ﺎﺨﻤﻠﺃ‬, al-mukhaa, “Mocha” [Yemen])
mohair
(‫ﺭﻳﺨﻤ‬, mukhayyar, “having the choice”)
monsoon
(‫ﻢﺴﻭﻣ‬, mawsim, “season”)
mummy
(‫ﺀﺎﻳﻤﻭﻤ‬, mumiyaa)
muslin
(‫ﻲﻠﺼﻭﻤ‬, mawsili, “from Mosul” [Iraq])
myrrh
(‫ﺮﻤ‬, murr)
nadir(‫ﺮﻳﻅﻨ‬, nazeer, “parallel”)
racket
(‫ﺔﺣﺍﺭ‬, raaha, “palm of the hand”)
ream
(‫ﺔﻤﺯﺭ‬, rizma, “bale, bundle”)

safari
(‫ﺮﻓﺎﺴ‬, safara, “to travel”)
safflower
(‫ﺮﻓﺼﺃ‬, asfar, “yellow”)
saffron
(‫ﻦﺍﺮﻓﻋﺰ‬, za`faraan)
sash (‫ﺵﺎﺸ‬, shaash, “muslin”)
sequin
(‫ﺔﻛﺴ‬, sikkah, “die, coin”)
sesame
(‫ﻢﺴﻤﺴ‬, simsim)
sherbet
(‫ﺔﺒﺮﺷ‬, sharba, “a drink”)
sofa (‫ﺔﻓﺼ‬, suffa, “stone ledge”)
sugar
(‫ﺮﻜﺴ‬, sukkar)
sumac
(‫ﻖﺎﻤﺴ‬, summaaq)
syrup
(‫ﺐﺍﺮﺷ‬, sharaab, “beverage, drink”)
talc (‫ﻕﻟﻂ‬, talq)
tariff (‫ﺔﻓﻳﺮﻌﺘ‬, ta`riifa, “notification, price list”)
tambourine
(‫ﺮﻭﺑﻨﻄ‬, tunbour, “drum, cylinder”)
typhoon
(‫ﻦﺎﻓﻮﻃ‬, tufaan, “flood”)
vizier
(‫ﺮﻳﺰﻮ‬, waziir)
zenith
(‫ﺲﺃﺮﻠﺃ ﺖﻤﺳ‬, samt ar-ra’s, “zenith, vertex”)
zero (‫ﺮﻓﺼ‬, sifr)

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