MEGILAS ESTHER ‫גמ' מגילה דף י-יג‬

‫ויהי בימי‬

Indicates painful events (“woe” ‫ וי‬and “mourning” ‫) הי‬ Rav ‫ אחיו של ראש‬brother of the head; similar to Nebuchadnetzar (former head bad guy) that opposed the Jews


Shmuel ‫ הושחרו פניהם‬blackened the faces of the Jews Rabbi Yochanan ‫ אח בראשו‬all the remember him get a headache Rabbi Chanina ‫ נעשה רשין‬all were made “poor” in his days (taxes)

‫הוא אחשורוש‬

He was in his evilness from beginning to end ‫ מלך מעצמו‬he was self-appointed (not from royal blood)


Some say to his credit: no one else fit to be king Some say to his disgrace: bribed his way into office The two countries are at different ends of the world; or,

‫מהודו ועד כוש‬

The two countries are next to each other (just as he rules over these countries, so he rules over the whole world; or he rules to the west to one country and to the east to its neighbor) In the beginning he ruled over 7 countries, afterwards over 20, and then afterwards over 100 countries

‫שבע ועשרים ומאה‬ ‫מדינה‬

‫איש יהודי ... איש ימיני‬
Rav Nachman Rabah Bar Rav Huna

How was Mordechai from both?

Yehudi signifies a “name of honor” from a kingly tribe His father from the tribe of Binyomin; his mother from the tribe of Yehuda He was from the tribe of Binyomin, but tribe of Yehuda also claimed him since David did not kill Shimi ben Gera (Mordechai’s ancestor); The tribe of Yehudah claimed merit in this honor, Or some say both are culpable since Mordechai provoked Haman, and Benyomin (Shaul) did not kill Agag He was from the tribe of Binyomin, but called a Yehudi since he denied idolatry


R’ Yochanan

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