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So Moving From Case Studies of the Application of Emergency Management in a Response Setting

So Moving From Case Studies of the Application of Emergency Management in a Response Setting

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Published by: syed amir ali on Feb 23, 2014
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So moving from case studies of the application of emergency management in a response setting, we're now going to look at risk analysis

, which is the basis for all emergency management.We're going to look at that in the context of emergency management in New Zealand.First though, let's look at what risk analysis is in outline.We need to understand the context within which risk management is going to be dealt.We need to set some criteria about how are we going to manage the risks that we face as an organisation, as a community, or as a nation.We need to set some goals against which we can measure the effectiveness of the risk management that we put in place.We need to then identify the risks that are most critical to our way of life, or our way of operating, or the services that we deliver.We then need to analyse that risk so we have a good understanding of the risk scape in general and any of the specific risks that we need to look at in particular.We need to evaluate those risks and look at the ones that are most critical and determine those, the areas within which treatment against them is necessary.We then need to come up with measures to treat them.And within the emergency management context, those 01:26measures fall within risk reduction, readiness, 01:30response, and recovery. 01:32We then need to monitor and review as we go through the 01:35application of what we've developed in relation to those 01:37risks, to ensure that what we're doing is as effective as 01:40it can be, learning lessons as we go and 01:42adjusting as we need to. 01:45Within New Zealand, we've got a National Civil Defence 01:47Emergency Management Strategy which sets those 01:50goals for New Zealand. 01:52It talks about building community awareness for the 01:55risks that we face and about emergency management in 01:58general to build community understanding, enhance 02:02community preparedness, and increase community 02:05participation in emergency management in 02:08the holistic sense. 02:11Goal two is about reducing risk from hazards. 02:13The strategy identifies some particular responsibilities 02:17for organisations in New Zealand to come up with 02:19mechanisms to reduce risk over time. 02:24It then goes on in goal three to require the enhancement of 02:28capability to manage emergencies, particularly 02:32within organisations with a responsibility within the 02:35National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan, but 02:38communities as well, and business sector involvement in 02:41emergency management as well. 02:45Goal four is about enhancing the capability to recover from 02:49emergencies. 02:50So even in the National Civil Defence Emergency Management 02:52Strategy, you can see a comprehensive approach to 02:55emergency management being applied. 02:59In support of both the Civil Defence Emergency Management 03:02Strategy and the National Civil Defence Emergency 03:04Management Plan in particular and local emergency management

a similar approach is taken. 04:17particularly large-scale emergencies. and food safety. and it looks 05:04across the board. and then being 04:02able to recover from them subsequently. 03:23The top five of those are earthquake. 04:00responding to them effectively. major transport accidents. 05:27It's looking at the broader impacts on communities and the 05:30environment. animal and 03:35plant disease. 05:24It's not just looking at restoring infrastructure. 03:15It lists a range of hazards that are the most significant 03:19for New Zealand to take into account in risk management. 03:27landslide. tsunami. wildfires. New Zealand has developed a National 03:10Hazardscape. 04:52When the event may cause severe environmental impact is 04:56another area in which the National Civil Defence 04:59Emergency Management Plan has an overview. reducing them. that may cause 04:21widespread public concern. drought. 04:42so particularly with technological failures. because of New Zealand's dependence on 03:38agriculture in particular. and coastal hazards. 03:30Floods. 03:45terrorism. those events that are likely to affect more than 04:34one region so therefore are larger in scale. things 04:46that we may not have seen coming but areas within which 04:49we've got significant dependencies. 05:02The plan looks at consequences. 05:33At a local level. which has identified the risks that our 03:13communities face. economic 05:08consequences.03:07arrangements. 05:16So again. that are likely to require 04:26significant resource and support of response and 04:29recovery. 03:42infrastructure failures. to human disease epidemics. where new 04:39technology or processes and methods may come into account. being ready for them. social consequences. . 04:13The plan focuses on the aspects of emergencies. a holistic sense is applied to risk management 05:21within the National Civil Defence 05:22Emergency Management Plan. infrastructural 05:14and geographic factors. 05:05It looks at human consequences. severe winds. snow. 03:47So they are the major hazards that New Zealand may have to 03:50deal with at a national level and therefore has mechanisms 03:53in place to deal with understanding those risks in 03:56more detail. volcano. 04:06The mechanisms for response in particular are dealt with in 04:08New Zealand's Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan.

06:36So in conclusion. having an 06:08appropriate recovery structure and appointments in place 06:12ready to go when an emergency occurs. 06:56Of course we've got more lessons to learn. 06:50the mechanisms we're going to use to manage it.05:38So the risk-based approach informs risk analysis at a 05:43local level. 06:45And not the least because it's an opportunity for us to be 06:47able to identify the risks that we are going to manage. 05:45It informs risk reduction. and we will 06:58continue to do so. 06:14So the risk-based approach applies within the National 06:17Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan and other 06:19activities. let's now turn to 07:03an example of the application of risk analysis and risk 07:07management in a context where it was applied over a 07:09significant period of time 07:11culminating in a major disaster. that's another 05:50legislation. 07:01So having looked at what risk analysis is. applies at a regional level within which 06:22the higher-priority risks will be different from those at the 06:26national level. in 06:03communities themselves and within the response 06:05organisations. and then again at a local level. . 05:47And as we discussed in earlier topics. where the 06:30same approach is taken to understand the risks that 06:32local communities face and then coming up with the 06:34treatment measures against each of those. 07:13That case study is New Orleans. 06:06It's being able to recover effectively. 05:59It's about improving readiness in local communities. and then 06:52monitor and measure their effectiveness over time. risk analysis is becoming a more 06:40and more important component of emergency management. particularly the Building Act and Resource 05:52Management Act in New Zealand's case where risk 05:55reduction measures can be delivered.

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