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with Variable Timing Control. and improved exhaust gas recirculation among the benefits. cleaner emissions and reduced weight with high output and greatly improved torque characteristics in all speed range. The two systems work in concern under the close control of the engine management system delivering improved cylinder charging and combustion efficiency. VTC is able to advance and retard inlet valve opening by altering the phasing of the inlet camshaft to best match the engine load at any given moment. i-VTEC is the new trend in Honda’s latest large capacity four cylinder petrol engine family. i-VTEC technology offers tremendous flexibility since it is able to fully maximize engine potential over its complete range of operation. In short Honda's i-VTEC technology gives us the best in vehicle performance. This paper deals with i-VTEC(intelligent-Variable valve Timing and lift Electronic Control)engine technology which is one of the advanced technology in the IC engine.which varies the timing and amount of lift of the valves . The design cleverly combines the highly renowned VTEC system .com .Seminar Report IVTEC Abstract The most important challenge facing car manufacturers today is to offer vehicles that deliver excellent fuel efficiency and superb performance while maintaining cleaner emissions and driving comfort.seminarsTopics. The name is derived from ‘intelligent’ combustion control technologies that match outstanding fuel economy. reduced intake resistance. www.
seminarsTopics.Seminar Report IVTEC 1.com . RECENT ADVANCES IN AUTOMOBILE ENGINES Common Rail Diesel Injection System(CRDI) Direct Injection System(DI-System) Multi Point Fuel Injection(MPFI) Digital Twin Spark Injection(DTS-I) Quantum Core Engine 16 Valve Engine Programmed Electronic Fuel Injection(PGM-FI) Six Stroke Engine www.
The demanding aspects of fuel economy. Excluding a few development of rotary combustion engine the IC engines has still retained its basic anatomy. The i-VTEC system utilizes Honda's proprietary VTEC system and adds VTC (Variable Timing Control). At high rpm. the VTEC transitions as previously into a high-lift. which allows for dynamic/continuous intake valve timing and overlap control. i-VTEC:The latest and most sophisticated VTEC development is i-VTEC ("intelligent" VTEC). With the latest i-VTEC setup. at low rpm the timing of the intake valves is now staggered and their lift is asymmetric. As our knowledge of engine processes has increased. ample torque. From the past few decades. The internal combustion engine was first conceived and developed in the late 1800’s. The man who is considered the inventor of the modern IC engine and the founder of the industry is Nikolaus Otto (1832-1891). and clean emissions can all be controlled and provided at a higher level with VTEC (intake valve timing and lift control) and VTC (valve overlap control) combined. automobile industry has implemented many advance technologies to improve the efficiency and fuel economy of the vehicle and i-VTEC engine introduced by Honda in its 2002 Acura RSX Type S is one of such recent trend in automobile industry. long-duration cam profile. With the availability of sophisticated computer and electronic. instrumentation have added new refinement to the engine design. which creates a swirl effect within the combustion chambers.Seminar Report IVTEC INTRODUCTION An internal combustion is defined as an engine in which the chemical energy of the fuel is released inside the engine and used directly for mechanical work. these engines have continued to develop on a scientific basis.com . www. Over a century has elapsed since the discovery of IC engines. The present day engines have advances to satisfy the strict environmental constraints and fuel economy standards in addition to meeting in competitiveness of the world market.seminarsTopics. which combines features of all the various previous VTEC systems for even greater power band width and cleaner emissions.
develop a system. This pin is hydraulically pushed horizontally to link up adjacent rocker arms.seminarsTopics. the valve opens and closes according to the high-speed profile. Honda introduced many new innovations in iVTEC. A spring mechanism is used to return the pin back to its original position. more air/fuel mixture needs to be "inhaled" and "exhaled" by the engine. a locking pin is pushed by oil pressure to bind the high RPM cam follower for operation.Seminar Report IVTEC The i stands for intelligent: i-VTEC is intelligent-VTEC. and the amount of exhaust gas leaving.one optimized for low RPM smoothness and one to maximize high RPM power output. Instead of only one cam lobe actuating each valve. This allows for a further refinement to the power delivery characteristics of VTEC. Switching between the two cam lobes is controlled by the engine's management computer. www. there are two . the cylinders over the complete range of engine speed to provide good top-end output together with low and mid-range flexibility. Named VTC for Variable Timing Control. The principle of the VTEC system is to optimize the amount of air-fuel charge entering.com . VTEC ENGINE: VTEC (standing for Variable valve Timing and lift Electronic Control) does Honda Motor Co. permitting fine-tuning of the mid-band power delivery of the engine. VTEC system is a simple and fairly elegant method of endowing the engine with multiple camshaft profiles optimized for low and high RPM operations. the intake and exhaust valves needs to open nice and wide. Thus to sustain high engine speeds. BASIC V-TEC MECHANISM The basic mechanism used by the VTEC technology is a simple hydraulically actuated pin.As engine RPM increases. Ltd. From this point on. the current (initial) implementation is on the intake camshaft and allows the valve opening overlap between the intake and exhaust valves to be continuously varied during engine operation. but the most significant one is the addition of a variable valve opening overlap mechanism to the VTEC system.. As the engine speed is increased. which opens the valve further and for a longer time.
seminarsTopics. open it more. This "composite" rocker arm(s) now clearly follows the wild-cam profile of the left rocker arm. it will open its valve earlier. The two cam/rocker pairs operates independently of each other.Seminar Report IVTEC To start on the basic principle. VTEC uses the pin actuation mechanism to link the mild-cam rocker arm to the wild-cam rocker arm. and close it later. This effectively makes the two rocker arms operate as one. This in essence is the basic working principle of all of Honda's VTEC engines. DIFFERENT VARIANTS OF V-TEC:- www. compared to the one on the right. These lobes drive two side-by-side valve rocker arms. examine the simple diagram below. One of the two cam-lobes are intentionally drawn to be different. each pair of cam-lobe/rocker-arm assembly will work independently of each other. The one on the left has a "wilder" profile. Under normal operation.com . It comprises a camshaft with two cam-lobes side-by-side.
This mechanism has a helical gear link to the sprocket and can be moved relative the sprocket via hydraulic means. labelled B has helical gears on its outside. The camshaft. Now. A labels the cam sprocket (or cam gear) which the timing belt drives.seminarsTopics. When moved. labelled C attaches to the intermediate gear. Fig. the intermediate gear will rotate along its axis if moved. this gear links to the main sprocket which has matching helical gears on the inside. the helical gearing effectively rotates the gear in relation to the sprocket and thus the camshaft as well. the camshaft will rotate on its axis too.3-VTC principle The drawing above serves to illustrate the basic operating principle of VTC (and generic variable valve timing). However in VTC. This gear.we have changed the cam timing! i-VTEC SYSTEM:www. The generic variable valve timing implementation makes use of a mechanism attached between the cam sprocket and the camshaft.Seminar Report IVTEC VARIABLE TIMING CONTROL (VTC) VTC operating principle is basically that of the generic variable valve timing implementation (this generic implementation is also used by by Toyota in their VVT-i and BMW in their VANOS/double-VANOS system). As shown in the drawing. an intermediate gear is used to connect the sprocket to the camshaft. Because of the interlinking helical gears. The supplementary diagram on the right shows what happens when we move the intermediate gear along its holder in the cam sprocket. What we have acheived now is that we have move the relative alignment between the camshaft and the driving cam-sprocket .com . Normally the camshaft is bolted directly to the sprocket. since the camshaft is attached to this gear.
On first acquaintance. both attached to the intake camshaft's sprocket. the ECU pops out of lean-burn mode. Variation 1 is lean burn mode. I have intentionally edited the original diagram very slightly . This is the 'approximately 1valve' operating principle of VTEC-E. The VTEC mechanism on the intake cam remains essentially the same as those in the current DOHC VTEC engines except for an implementation of VTEC-E for the 'mild' cam. variations 1 and 3 seem identical. the ECU goes into variation 3 Lean-burn mode is contained within variation-2 as a dotted area probably for the reason that the ECU bounces toand-fro between the two modes depending on engine rpm. I. Now. goes back to 14. VTC closes the intake/exhaust valve overlap to a minimal. However. one intake valve is hardly driven while the other opens in its full glory.the lines identifying the VTC components are rather faint and their orientation confusing. in reality they represent two different engine configurations . The diagrams show that VTEC is implemented only on the intake cam. They identify the VTC actuator as well as the oil pressure solenoid valve. note that there is an annotation indicating a 'mostly resting (intake) cam' in variations 1 to 3. Note that lean-burn mode or variation 1 is used only for very light throttle operations as identified by the full load Torque curve overlaid on the VTC/RPM graph. Note also that variations 1 to 3 are used in what Honda loosely www.com .Seminar Report IVTEC Diagram explains the layout of the various components implementing i-VTEC. which makes use of exhaust gases to reduce emissions.electronic-wise. The VTC cam sensor is required by the ECU to determine the current timing of the intake camshaft. This as Honda explains will induce the EGR effect. During heavy throttle runs. throttle pressure and engine load.seminarsTopics. In variation-2. This instills a swirl effect on the air-flow which helps in air-fuel mixture and allows the use of the crazy 20+ to 1 air-to-fuel ratio in lean-burn or economy mode during idle running conditions. I have overlaid them with red lines. just like the 3-stage VTEC D15B and D17A.e.7 or 12 to 1 air-fuel ratios and brings the intake/exhaust overlap right up to maximum. the state in which the ECU uses >20:1 air-fuel ratio. Variation-3 is the mode where the ECU varies intake/exhaust-opening overlap dynamically based on engine rpm for heavy throttle runs but low engine revs.
The torque curve is "flatter" and does not exhibit any dips in torque that previous VTEC engines had without variable camshaft timing. steady speed. and engine rpm. At idle. flat even roads. For 3-stage VTEC. On i-VTEC engines. particularly NOx. High swirl intake and better combustion allows more precise air-fuel ratio control. indicating a sense of urgency as conveyed by the driver's right foot. Variable control of camshaft timing has allowed Honda to eliminate the EGR system.e. especially at low RPMs. increasing fuel economy while further reducing exhaust emissions due to the creation of an internal exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) effect. idle rpms take on a much broader meaning. This mode sees the wild(er) cams of the intake camshaft being activated.seminarsTopics. www. one unnoticed but major advantage of i-VTEC is the reduction in engine emissions. but so is fuel economy. closed or very narrow throttle positions. The K20A engine implements this as well. but the camshaft is now rotated via hydraulic control to advance or retard valve timing. Increased performance is one advantage of the i-VTEC system.com . The effect is further optimization of torque output. Optimizing combustion with high swirl induction makes these engines even more efficient. which allowed it to have more than two profiles for timing and lift. the intake cam is almost fully retarded to deliver a stable idle and reduce oxides of nitrogen (NOX) emissions.Seminar Report IVTEC terms the idle rpm. the engine computer also monitors cam position. which was the limitation of previous systems. i-VTEC introduced continuously variable timing. idle rpm also means low running rpm during ideal operating conditions. Exhaust gases are now retained in the cylinder when necessary by changing camshaft timing. Variation-4 is activated whenever rpm rises and throttle pressure increases. etc. This also reduces emissions without hindering performance. This results in substantially reduced emissions. so the intake valves open sooner and valve overlap increases. It is no longer the steady 750rpm or so for an engine at rest. Horsepower output is up. The valve lift is still a 2-stage setup as before. The intake cam is progressively advanced as rpm builds. It is an idle rpm range. then commands the VTC (variable timing control) actuator to advance or retard the cam. intake manifold pressure. For 3-stage VTEC engines. This reduces pumping losses. Finally. i. the engine goes into 16-valve mode now and VTC dynamically varies the intake camshaft to provide optimum intake/exhaust valve overlap for power.
this results in an increase in fuel efficiency for the engine itself.7-liter Civic engine.0-liter engine and fuel economy approximately 6% better than the current 1. The i-VTEC engine delays intake valve closure timing to control the intake volume of the air-fuel mixture. Combined with friction-reducing measures. 2002 Honda CRV 2002 Acura RSX Honda Civic 2006 CASE STUDY OF ‘HONDA CIVIC 2006’ WITH 1. A DBW (Drive By Wire) system provides high-precision control over the throttle valve while the valve timing is being changed over.5-liter engine. During cruising. delivering smooth driving performance that leaves the driver unaware of any torque fluctuations. In addition. During this time. Other innovations in the new VTEC include a variable-length intake manifold to further improve intake efficiency and piston oil jets that cool the pistons to suppress engine knock. the throttle valve is normally partly closed under low-load conditions to control the intake volume of the fuel-air mixture. lower block construction resulting in a more rigid engine frame.8 liter ENGINE The new i. the new engine achieves fuel economy equivalent to that of a 1. high-strength cracked connecting rods.VTEC system in Honda civic 2006 uses its valve timing control system to deliver acceleration performance equivalent to a 2. silent cam chain. and this is one factor that leads to reduced engine efficiency. and other innovations make the www. allowing the throttle valve to remain wide open even under low-load conditions for a major reduction in pumping losses of up to 16%. In a conventional engine. a narrow.seminarsTopics. aluminum rocker arms.Seminar Report IVTEC APPLICATIONS :Currently i-VTEC technology is available on three Honda products. pumping losses are incurred due to intake resistance.com .
SPECIFICATIONS OF 1. lean-burn-optimized catalytic converter help to create an engine that outputs 103kW (140PS) @ 6300rpm.Variable Timing Control . rearward exhaust system.which continuously modulates the intake valve overlap depending on engine load. and quieter as well. It is both lighter and shorter overall than the current Civic 1.799 cc 103 kW (138 hp)/ 6300 174 Nm (128 lb-ft)/4300 10.2km/Landreceives the government standard of "LEV" .In addition to such technology.com .seminarsTopics.5:1 PERFORMANCE :This new engine utilizes Honda's "VTEC" technology. but adds "VTC" .7liter engine. improvements in the intake manifold. It also satisfies the year 2010 fuel efficiency standard of14.Seminar Report IVTEC engine more compact and lightweight.8l i-VTEC ENGINE Engine type and number of cylinders Displacement Max power / rpm Torque / rpm Compression ratio Water-cooled in-line 4-cylinder 1.and provides ample mid-range torque. The two combined yield in a highly intelligent valve timing and lift mechanism. www. which adjusts valve timing and lift based on the engine's RPM.
there is all likelihood that Honda will implement i-VTEC on its performance engines. In a tight windy circuit like Tsukuba and Ebisu. What i-VTEC can do to this situation is to allow fine-tuning of the power curve. www.Seminar Report IVTEC 4. by varying valve opening overlap.com . FUTURE TRENDS :- From now onwards. To get the extreme power levels of the F20C. to broaden it. Already extremely authoritative reviewers like BEST motoring have complained about the lack of a broad mid-range power from for e.g. to go for even higher specific outputs without too much of a sacrifice to mid-range power. Thus this will restore a lot of midrange power to super-high-output DOHC VTEC engines allowing Honda.seminarsTopics. if they so desire. the wild cams' power curve are so narrow that there is effectively a big hole in the composite power curve below 6000rpm. the S2000 finds it extremely tough going to overtake the Integra Type-R in 5-lap battles despite having 50ps or 25% more power. the F20C engine. Again what i-VTEC does allow is for Honda to go for the sky in terms of specific power output but yet still maintaining a good level of mid-range power.
Fuel economy is increased.Seminar Report IVTEC 5. derivability is enhanced and power is improved.CONCLUSION: i-VTEC system is more sophisticated than earlier variable-valve-timing systems. i-VTEC Technology gives us the best in vehicle performance.com . By contrast. www. which could only change the time both valves are open during the intake/exhaust overlap period on the transition between the exhaust and induction strokes. the i-VTEC setup can alter both camshaft duration and valve lift. emissions are reduced.seminarsTopics.
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