You are on page 1of 81

1

tune in
RESOURCE BOOK
94 96 98 100 102 104 108 110

Contents
Unit Vocabulary Teachers notes and Grammar
Teachers notes and answer key Opposites Pastimes Adverbs of frequency Present Simple and Present Continuous Cognates Regular and irregular verbs Past Simple and Past Continuous Past Simple and Past Perfect False friends Phrasal verbs Present Perfect for experience Present Perfect for giving news Present Perfect for duration Compound nouns Noun suffixes Jobs Future forms Future Perfect and Future Continuous Adjectives ending in -ed and -ing About books Comparisons Relative clauses Expressions with sleep Crossword Modal verbs

Reading
Chat rooms Strategies: Skimming Using key words Noticing phrases A different sort of holiday Strategies: Using what you know Using pictures Using subheadings InterRail Strategies: Scanning for information Using key words to find answers Finding specific information Adventures in space Strategies: Parts of speech Guessing meaning from context Guessing unknown words

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Friends page 4

Sporting mad page 10

Teachers notes and answer key

New horizons page 16

Teachers notes and answer key

Visions page 22

Teachers notes and answer key

A good story! page 28

Teachers notes and answer key

Crime stories Strategies: Understanding the setting Characters Guessing meaning from context
Stevens sleepwalking Strategies: Inferring meaning Inferring meaning from other words Looking at paragraphs The chemical sea Strategies: Using what you know Using topic sentences Finding specific information

Sleep on it! page 34

Teachers notes and answer key

Helping out page 40

Teachers notes and answer key

Extreme adjectives Prefixes Word building First, second and third conditionals

Gadget crazy page 46

Teachers notes and answer key

Technology Adjective order The passive voice

iPod nano Strategies: Identifying adverb and adjective pairs Opinion phrases Referring devices Play time! Strategies: Using stage directions Identifying idioms Features of spoken English

Play time! page 52

Teachers notes and answer key

make or take? Phrasal verbs Reporting statements Reporting questions Reporting verbs

Appendices

Term Tests speaking tasks

page 67

Listening scripts

page 74

Writing
An informal letter

Culture
Using the internet

Unit Tests
Unit 1 Test page 58

Term Tests

A narrative

Sports in Britain and Spain

Unit 2 Test page 59

A formal letter

Gap years

Unit 3 Test page 60

Term Test 1 page 68

An opinion essay

Mathematical terms in English

Unit 4 Test page 61

A biography

Book quiz

Unit 5 Test page 62

A for and against essay

Idioms quiz

Unit 6 Test page 63

Term Test 2 page 70

Describing problems

Endangered species

Unit 7 Test page 64

A descriptive essay

Inventors and their inventions

Unit 8 Test page 65

A dialogue

Lets go to the cinema

Unit 9 Test page 66

Term Test 3 page 72

Unit Tests and Term Tests Answer key

page 76

1
1
ANSWER KEY

Friends

TEACHERS NOTES
2
Ask students to underline key words as they are reading, but make sure they are not underlining too many skimming should be quick.

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar (page 6)


This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 8 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY Summary 2: There is lots of good advice for chat room users and providers. This advice should be followed. Key words and phrases: a chat guide for children and teenagers, Most of the advice is very similar. by making sure that you stay in control of what you make public... Only use rooms that are moderated, so that a responsible adult is monitoring what happens. never meet someone from a chat room face to face without an adult to accompany you remember that online friends are actually strangers.

1 impatient 2 illegal 3 disorganised

4 disobedient 5 unreliable 6 insecure

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 5 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1 surfing 2 doing 3 visiting 4 collecting 5 sending 6 playing

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 7 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1 Max and Ophelia always read the newspaper. 2 James is never late for class. 3 Rita sometimes studies at the library in the evening. 4 Richard usually writes his blog every afternoon. 5 Matt never has cereal for breakfast. 6 Robert rarely watches TV in the evening.

Key words may often actually be key phrases that the writer uses to compare and contrast ideas. It is a good idea to point these out to students when reading and soon they will be able to notice them themselves.

ANSWER KEY 1a But the biggest cause for concern is that 2e Children have been harassed by adults as a result of 3b The BBC also , as do 4d Only , so that 5c Although chat rooms , they also

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 7 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1 is 2 doesnt understand 3 Do you know 4 is playing 5 Do you speak 6 are doing

Tune in to Writing (page 8)


This reviews the Writing section on pages 10-11 of the Students Book. It further develops the skill of writing an informal letter.

1
Tune in to Reading (page 7)
This reviews the Tune in to Reading box on page 4 of the Students Book. It further develops the skill of skimming. In the final exam students should be encouraged to skim a text so they get a general idea of what the text is about.

Students examine the letter to find errors. This is a useful skill, which can be used to develop their own checking skills in the final exam.

ANSWER KEY 1 No. It should be under the address. 2 No. The writer uses only two paragraphs and does not break up the information into different sections. 3 No. If you know the name of the person you are writing to, the letter should end Love, / Best wishes,.

In the exam it will help students greatly if they spend some time getting a general idea of what the topic of a text is. Students should not worry about unknown words or phrases at this stage.

ANSWER KEY b Are chat rooms safe places for children?

Students rewrite the letter using the correct paragraphing and ending.

Tune in to Culture (page 9)


This Tune in to Culture page, Using the internet, expands on two of the themes in the unit, blogs and technology, by encouraging students to analyse the use of the World Wide Web in the USA and Spain.

MODEL ANSWER
14 Myers Road Liverpool 18 November 2006

Dear Pablo,

My name is Ruth. I am 16 years old and come from England. I am a student at a public school. I would like to visit Spain to improve my Spanish. I am including a photograph of myself. As you can see, I am short and slim. Ive got short, dark hair and green eyes. I am friendly, but a bit shy. I like listening to music and surfing the internet. My hobbies are playing chess and reading. I spend my free time playing chess with the Chess Club and watching TV. I also like cycling. I cycle with a cycling club at the weekends. There are some great places to go cycling near my house! Please write back to me and tell me about you and your hobbies. Best wishes, Ruth Adams

Students work in small groups to rank the popularity of certain web activities.

ANSWER KEY Internet use in the USA 1-10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Activity Send or read email Surf the net for fun Send an instant message Look for information on hobbies Get news Play or download a game Listen to music online Visit a chat room Download music files Check sports scores

Before they correct the mistakes, the students classify the kinds of mistakes that have been made.

ANSWER KEY 1 Gr 2 Sp 3 P 4 Gr 5 Gr 6 Wo 7 Sp

In groups of four, students complete the chart with their own ideas or using some of those from exercise 1. They number them in order from 1-10, 1 being the most popular and 10 the least. Direct a class discussion, in order to compile a chart similar to the one in exercise 1. Write the activities on the board. Students discuss in groups. Below are the top five websites for Spain.

4
ANSWER KEY I like chess too. Who is your favourite player? I am playing football for my school team this year. I love doing sport. I think cycling is really cool. I also really like listening to music.

ANSWER KEY 1 Google Espaa a web search site specifically for Spain. 2 Microsoft Network (MSN) web search and instant-messaging site, provides information and news, etc. 3 Google a web search engine. 4 Yahoo! free email, chat rooms, provides information and news, etc. 5 El Mundo a Spanish newspaper site.

Finally, ask students to find out what are the most popular websites in their groups.

1
Opposites

Friends

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar


Practise your vocabulary

Correct the negative words in bold. 1 She is the most unpatient person I have ever met. _______________ 2 You cant park here. Its unlegal! _______________ 3 He can never find his homework because he is ilorganised. _______________ 4 Ive never seen such unobedient children. _______________ 5 You cant trust Harry. He is extremely irreliable. _______________ 6 I always feel so unsecure when I meet new people. _______________

Pastimes

Complete the sentences with the words in the box. collecting doing playing sending surfing visiting

1 I enjoy __________ the internet. 2 We hate __________ sport. 3 My sister cant stand __________ art galleries.

4 I like __________ stamps. 5 My friends and I love __________ text messages. 6 Alex really likes __________ computer games.

Adverbs of frequency

Write the words in the correct order. 1 Max / always / and / Ophelia / the / newspaper / read . ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 2 class / is / never / James / late / for . ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 3 the / studies / library / Rita / at / evening / sometimes / the / in . ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 4 blog / writes / Richard / afternoon / his / every / usually . ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 5 has / Matt / never / breakfast / cereal / for . ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 6 TV / rarely / Robert / the / watches / evening / in . ___________________________________________________________________________________________

Practise your grammar


Present Simple and Present Continuous

4
6

Choose the correct option in each sentence. 1 My friend Alastair is / is being a good student. 2 Sarah isnt understanding / doesnt understand the lesson. 3 Do you know / Are you knowing my older brother? 4 Bill isnt at home because he plays / is playing football. 5 Do you speak / Are you speaking any foreign languages? 6 We do / are doing a French project this week.

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

1
Chat rooms

Friends
Strategy 2: Using key words
A text usually has key words that can help you understand it. These are usually verbs and nouns.

Tune in to Reading
Strategy 1: Skimming
It can help you to understand a text if you read it quickly first to get an idea of what the text is about.

Look at the titles below. a A history of chat rooms b Are chat rooms safe places for children? c Why do people like chat rooms? Now skim the text and choose the best title. You only have one minute.

Read the summaries of paragraph 4. 1 Chat rooms are harmless fun. 2 There is lots of good advice for chat room users and providers. This advice should be followed. 3 Most people are irresponsible when they use chat rooms. Now read paragraph 4 and choose the best summary. Which key words showed you the correct answer?

10

15

20

25

30

35

Chat rooms have become very popular with teenagers, who use them to meet people from all over the world. Chat rooms were first invented by the US army, who used them to help soldiers stay in touch with their families. Since then they have spread to the general public and become an internet phenomenon. However, the popularity of these rooms with teenagers has raised a number of concerns. First of all, some children are using chat rooms to bully other kids by sending them unpleasant messages. Some bullies impersonate other children online and cause trouble for their victims that way. But the biggest cause for concern is that children have been harassed by adults as a result of their use of chat rooms. There are many websites which recount frightening stories of children and teenagers who have been lured into danger through chat rooms. So great has the problem become that in 2003 and 2005 the British Government issued warnings to children who use chat rooms, and guidelines to people setting up these rooms. The BBC also provides a chat guide for children and teenagers, as do other independent sites. Most of the advice is very similar. If you are a chat room user, you should be very careful who you trust with information online. One way to ensure this is by making sure that you stay in control of what you make public in a chat room. Never give away personal information like addresses and appearance keep your identity secret. In safe chat rooms there should be easily accessible ignore buttons, which allow you to block messages from individuals. Use these buttons, and if theyre not available, dont use the chat room. Only stay in public chat rooms, dont go into private one-on-one rooms. Only use rooms that are moderated, so that a responsible adult is monitoring what happens. You should also be able to contact the moderator easily so you can report bad behaviour if necessary. And finally, never meet someone from a chat room face to face without an adult to accompany you remember that online friends are actually strangers. Above all, parents and their children need to be aware that, although chat rooms can be great fun if used sensibly, they also need to be used with care.

Strategy 3: Noticing phrases


Often the key parts of a text are phrases rather than words. It can help you understand a text if you can notice these phrases.

Match the two parts of the sentences. 1 But the biggest cause for concern is 2 Children have been harassed by adults 3 The BBC also provides a chat guide for children and teenagers, 4 Only use rooms that are moderated 5 Although chat rooms can be great fun if used sensibly, a that children have been harassed by adults as a result of their use of chat rooms. b as do other independent sites. c they also need to be used with care. d so that a responsible adult is monitoring what happens. e as a result of their use of chat rooms. Now find the sentences in the text and check your answers. 7

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

1
1

Friends
2
Rewrite the letter correctly using paragraphs and the correct ending.

Tune in to Writing
An informal letter
Study the letter and answer the questions. 1 Is the date in the correct place? 2 Does the writer use paragraphs effectively? 3 Does the writer end the letter correctly?

18th November 2006 14 Myers Road Liverpool Dear Pablo, My name is Ruth. I am 16 years old and come from England. I am a student at a public school. I would like to visit Spain to improve my Spanish. I am including a photograph of myself. As you can see, I am short and slim. Ive got short, dark hair and green eyes. I am friendly, but a bit shy. I like listening to music and surfing the internet. My hobbies are playing chess and reading. I spend my free time playing chess with the Chess Club and watching TV. I also like cycling. I cycle with a cycling club at the weekends. There are some great places to go cycling near my house! Please write back to me and tell me about you and your hobbies. Yours faithfully, Ruth Adams

Read an extract from Pablos reply. Classify the mistakes he makes using the correction code. Correction code Grammar (Gr) Spelling (Sp) Punctuation (P) Word order (Wo)

I 1am liking chess 2to. Who is your favourite 3player. I am playing football for my school team this year. I love 4do sport. I think cycling 5are really cool! I 6really like also 7lisening to music.

1 _____ 2 _____ 3 _____ 4 _____ 5 _____ 6 _____ 7 _____

Rewrite Pablos reply. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

1
1

Friends
2
In groups of four, list your groups ten most popular internet activities. Activity

Tune in to Culture
Using the internet
Number the activities 1-10 for teen internet use in the USA. Compare answers with a partner. Internet use in the USA 1-10 Activity Check sports scores Download music files Play or download a game Look for information on hobbies Listen to music online Surf the net for fun Send or read email Visit a chat room Send an instant message Get news

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

3 4

Compare your information with the class. Look at this list of the top five websites in the USA. 1 Yahoo! free email, chat rooms, etc. 2 Google a web search site which provides email, chat and messaging services. 3 MySpace a social networking site. 4 Microsoft Network (MSN) web search and instant-messaging site, provides information and news, etc. 5 eBay an auction site. What do you think the top five websites for Spain are? 1 ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 2 ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 3 ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 4 ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 5 ___________________________________________________________________________________________

Work in groups. What are the top five websites in your group?

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

2
1
ANSWER KEY

Sporting mad
ANSWER KEY

TEACHERS NOTES

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar (page 12)


This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 13 of the Students Book. Note that in this exercise the words ski and football are functioning as adjectives in the phrases ski shop and football tournament. Students may place these words in the Nouns column as that is the more usual form of the words. Nouns snowboarding equipment tournament athletes competitive minority activity phenomenon Verbs cancelled training studying Adjectives popular traditional ski football

1 By the time it stopped raining, the spectators had gone home. 2 When he came home from work, his family had finished dinner. 3 By the time I arrived, my friends had gone to the cinema without me. 4 When he got to the party, the other guests had eaten all the food. 5 I had had problems sleeping before I took the exam.

Tune in to Reading (page 13)


This reviews the Tune in to Reading box on page 13 of the Students Book. It gives students further practice of using titles and accompanying visuals to help them gain an initial understanding of a text. Encourage your students to read titles carefully and then use them as a basis to predict what the text is about. They also need to examine all visuals provided, since these should also support understanding. After predicting, students should check their ideas by skimming the text, as practised in Unit 1, page 4 of the Students Book. There are two phrases that may cause problems for the students in this text: base camp (line 10): when people go mountaineering, this is the first area where they put their tents and equipment at the bottom of the mountain will even teach you some husky (lines 22-23): in this sentence husky is being used in a humorous way to mean the language used to speak to the husky dogs

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 16 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1 caught 2 trained 3 played 4 hit 5 fell 6 swam

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 14 of the Students Book. If students are having difficulty with this exercise, encourage them to think about how long each action is. The shorter action will often be in the Past Simple and the longer, background action in the Past Continuous. For example, in the first sentence, the ambulance came refers to the ambulances arrival, which would be very short. Talking on the phone would take a much longer time.

ANSWER KEY 1 He was talking on the phone when the ambulance came. 2 She was taking a bath when the phone rang. 3 He was walking in the mountains when he took the photograph. 4 As I was reading my report, I noticed a mistake. 5 He heard the news while he was eating dinner. 6 She hurt her leg when she was playing football.

It may not occur to students to use their knowledge of a topic when reading about it in a foreign language. So, before reading, encourage them to think about everything they already know about the reading topic. In class, students can share their knowledge in order to help each other. Students may ignore visuals in their eagerness to read the text. It is worth pointing out to students that pictures are carefully chosen to illustrate the article they accompany. So, time spent looking at the pictures will help them to understand the text itself. In class, students can describe the pictures to each other in order to raise the general level of knowledge about a topic. In this exercise students guess a title from the pictures before reading and then read quickly to check their answer. Allow students only two minutes for this exercise.

10

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 15 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1 The top adventure holidays

Students complete the paragraph by choosing between the Past Perfect and the Past Continuous.

In the exam students may rush into a text feeling that they have no time to waste. However, using what they know about the topic to predict content can greatly help them to understand it better, so a little time spent thinking about what they expect to meet in a text is valuable. Suggest students write down some words they think might appear in the text as a way of practising and developing this exam strategy. Note that the texts that students come across in the exam will probably not contain sub-headings as such. However, this skill can help with reading web pages and original sources in preparation for the exam.

ANSWER KEY 1 2 3 4 was going hadnt been had got was travelling 5 was still moving 6 were waiting 7 had hurt

Tune in to Culture (page 15)


This Tune in to Culture page, Sports in Britain and Spain, expands on the sports theme from the unit. Students compare the sports played in Spain with sports played in the UK. Then they carry out a class survey to find out what kind of sports their classmates like and participate in. The lesson is rounded off by calculations of percentages of sport preferences.

Tune in to Writing (page 14)


This reviews the Writing section on pages 18-19 of the Students Book. It further develops the skill of writing a narrative.

Students read the blog quickly and choose a title. Tell students not to worry about choosing the correct options in 1-8 at this stage.

ANSWER KEY b

Students read the texts about sports in the UK and Spain. They answer the question about which sports the four speakers like best. The purpose of these texts is to provide students with a model to help them speak about their own favourite sports during the class survey in exercise 2. Encourage a class discussion about whether students agree with the speakers. Have the students seen or played the sports mentioned: rugby, netball, handball and gymnastics?

Students now choose between the correct linkers and time expressions. All of the words and phrases in italics appeared on page 19 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY Sheila Edward Jaime Alicia netball rugby handball gymnastics

ANSWER KEY 1 2 3 4 At first Then After that, When 5 6 7 8 While after a while Afterwards as soon as

Students stand up and ask ten students the questions. Encourage the students to say as much as possible about each sport. Finish by assembling the results from each person and building up statistics for the whole class. What is the classs favourite sport? Which sport do they like the least?

3 3
Students examine the text and find examples of the different past tenses.

ANSWER KEY Past Simple (three from): took, had, explained, gave, showed, got, started, took off, released, was, were, taught, landed, came over, looked, told, wanted, laughed, said Past Continuous (three from): was taking (us up), was flying, were gliding, was beating Past Perfect: had always wanted, had landed, had felt

11

2
Cognates

Sporting mad

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar


Practise your vocabulary

Identify the cognates in the sentences and then complete the chart below. 1 Snowboarding is very popular. Nouns Verbs 2 I bought all the sports equipment in a snowboarding traditional ski shop. 3 They cancelled the football tournament. 4 The athletes were really competitive and they went training at five in the morning. 5 Rafting isnt a minority activity. 6 They are studying the phenomenon.

Adjectives

Regular and irregular verbs

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in the box. catch fall hit play swim train

1 The goalkeeper _____ the ball. 2 She _____ hard before the race. 3 The team _____ very well in the game.

4 The ball _____ one of the spectators. 5 The skater _____ and broke his leg. 6 The swimmer _____ across the English Channel.

Practise your grammar


Past Simple and Past Continuous

Complete the sentences with the correct verb form. 1 He / talk / on the phone / the ambulance / 4 I / read / my report / I / notice / a mistake (as) come (when) ________________________________________ _________________________________________ 5 He / hear / the news / he / eat / dinner (while) 2 She / take / a bath / the phone / ring (when) ________________________________________ _________________________________________ 6 She / hurt / her leg / she / play / football 3 He / walk / in the mountains / he / take / the (when) photograph (when) ________________________________________ _________________________________________

Past Simple and Past Perfect

12

Identify and correct the mistake in each sentence. 1 By the time it stopped raining, the spectators had went home. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 2 When he came home from work, his family had finishing dinner. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 3 By the time I arrived, my friends went to the cinema without me. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 4 When he got to the party, the other guests did eaten all the food. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 5 I had have problems sleeping before I took the exam. ___________________________________________________________________________________________

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

2
1

Sporting mad

Tune in to Reading
A different sort of holiday
Strategy 1: Using what you know
Before reading a text, think of everything you know about the subject. This will help you anticipate the text content. What do you know about the activities in the box? Where can you do them? dog sledding mountaineering safari trekking

Strategy 2: Using pictures


Texts often come with pictures to help you understand. Look at the pictures carefully before you read so you have an idea of what the text is about.

Look at the pictures and choose the best title for the article. Then skim the first three paragraphs (up to Safari) and check your answer. a The top adventure holidays b The most dangerous sports c How adventurous are you?

flights become cheaper and 15 thousands of tourists are flying to Peru to Botswana, southern Africa, is the place holidays easier to arrange, walk the Inca Trail and gape in for you. It is the largest inland delta in more and more people want amazement at the lost citys temples, fields the world and this water attracts a 30 spectacular number of wild animals, an adventure as well as a holiday. and ruins. If cold weather is your thing, you can including elephants, hippos, leopards, 5 Climbing Mount Everest used to be frontpage news, but now Everest itself has 20 travel to Alaska and learn how to dog sled lions, giraffes and monkeys. There are become a hot tourist destination. with huskies! Experienced drivers will also many, many types of flowers and However, not everyone climbs the show you what to do and will even teach plants. mountain completely. For many people you some husky, for example Hike, 35 Even getting to Okavango is an which means Get moving! adventure. You can travel there by air 10 reaching base camp is enough. taxi or road. But driving is discouraged Another way to experience the worlds unless you are an experienced 4 x 4 driver greatest places is to go trekking. The Inca Safari because of the difficult terrain. This is If you like animals and have a taste for 25 city of Machu Picchu used to be visited only by locals and archaeologists, but now danger, then the Okavango Delta in 40 not a trip for the faint-hearted!

As

13

Strategy 3: Using sub-headings


Sometimes a text has sub-headings which can help you understand its content.

The last section of the text has the sub-heading Safari. What do you think it is going to be about? Write down six words you think might be in the text. Then read the final two paragraphs. How many of your words were in it?
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

2
A narrative

Sporting mad
c A beautiful day

Tune in to Writing
1
Read Carmens blog and choose a title. b An exciting sport a A frightening experience

Carmens blog
I had always wanted to go flying in a glider. One day, as a birthday present, my mum and dad took me to a flying school where you can go up in a glider with an instructor. 5 1At first / While I had to have some training. Mike, my instructor, explained the rules and the safety procedures. 2Then / As soon as he gave me my helmet and showed me how to put it on. We got in our glider. 3At first / After that, the pilot of the 10 aeroplane which was taking us up in the air started the engine and we took off. 4When / Next the plane was flying at the right altitude and the speed was good, he released the glider. We were gliding through the air! It was really exciting and my heart was beating quickly all the time. 5While /After that we were in the air, Mike taught me how to control the machine. It was great! But it was over too 15 quickly because 6the next day / after a while we landed safely on the ground. 7Afterwards/ Before my parents came over to the plane. They looked really nervous, but I was excited. I told Mike that I wanted to go back in the air again 8while / as soon as we had landed. He just laughed and said he had felt the same after his first flight. It was the best experience of my life!

2 3

Read Carmens blog again. Choose the correct linkers and time expressions. In her story Carmen uses different past tenses. Find three examples of the Past Simple, Past Continuous and Past Perfect in the story. Past Simple 1 2 3 Past Continuous 1 2 3 Past Perfect 1 2 3

4
14

Change the verbs in bold in the paragraph to the Past Perfect or Past Continuous. Janet 1went skiing with her friends. She was very nervous because she 2wasnt skiing before. Everything started well. She went to the ski shop and hired the equipment. The problems started after she 3got to the ski lift. She got on with the help of a friend and she started to relax as she 4travelled up to the mountain top. But at the top, she panicked because she didnt know how to get off. She tried to get off the lift when it 5still moved. Instead she fell off and landed on a group of five people who 6waited to get on the lift. Everyone fell over in a pile of skis and poles. When Janets friends arrived to help her, they found out that she 7hurt her foot in the fall and she couldnt go skiing after all! 1 2 3 4 _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ 5 _________________________________________ 6 _________________________________________ 7 _________________________________________

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

2
1

Sporting mad

Tune in to Culture
Sports in Britain and Spain
Work in pairs. Read the text. What sports do the four people like best? Sheila __________ Jaime _________ Edward __________ Alicia _________

Kids in the UK often have about two hours a week of organised physical education classes. The classes include competitive sports such as football, cricket, rugby and hockey. Netball is also popular with girls. Sheila, from Bath, England I love playing netball. It is a good, fun game which is a bit similar to basketball, but you play with seven players. The game is really fast moving. You can only hold onto the ball for three seconds and you cant take more than one step with the ball, so you have to throw it to another player. Players have to stay in their areas of the court and if they dont, they are offside. Only the goal attack and the goal shooter positions can score. Edward from Edinburgh, Scotland I like rugby. Its a very hard sport and we play it in all weather: rain, snow, anything. You play with an oval ball in teams of fifteen. You can kick or run with the ball. My team is really good: we have won some school championships.

In schools in Spain, the most popular sports are football, basketball and handball for boys, while dance and gymnastics are popular for girls. Jaime, from Vigo, Spain My favourite sport is handball. It has the best parts of football, but you can touch the ball with your hand. You can play it indoors. You have to be very strong and agile to play the game. There are very good Spanish professional teams as well. I dont like athletics at all. I find running around a track boring. I prefer team sports. Alicia, from Cartagena, Spain I love gymnastics. Gymnastics develops good co-ordination. If you are a good gymnast, you are in very good shape. It is a wonderful hobby and a great way to stay fit. I dont like team sports because they are too competitive. When Im doing gymnastics, I am competing with myself.

Take a class survey. Ask ten students in the class the questions in the table. S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10

15

Questions 1 What is your favourite sport? 2 What sport do you like least? 3 Which sport do you play most? 4 Do you prefer team sports?

Calculate the percentage of answers for your ten students. Tell the class about your results. Example: 30% of students prefer tennis. 40% play football most.
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

3
1
ANSWER KEY 1 attend 2 relatives 3 bookshop

New horizons

TEACHERS NOTES

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar (page 18)


This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 21 of the Students Book.

4 sensitive 5 studies 6 news

There are three phrases that may cause problems for the students in this text: many students just didnt take to the idea (lines 1314): take to means become interested in, so this phrase means that the idea did not become popular among students young Czechs simply werent as well off as young Germans (lines 25-26): to be well off means to have a lot of money, to be prosperous revenue (line 32): this is the money a business receives

This exercise reviews the verbs in the reading on page 20 and the Vocabulary boxes on pages 24-25 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1b 2d 3e 4h 5g 6f 7a 8c

Finding numerical information in a text should be quick and easy. You could start by just asking the students to underline the numbers in the article, and then to go back and decide what they refer to.

ANSWER KEY 1 360,000 = the number of people who had used an InterRail ticket by 1992 2 50 = the 50th anniversary of the International Railway Union 3 10,000 = the number of interrailers in the 1970s 4 1993 = when the InterRail ticket system was revised 5 40 = InterRail has been available for over forty years 6 1972 = when InterRail started

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 22 of the Students Book. Students could use these questions to interview a partner.

ANSWER KEY 1 has met 2 has never ridden 3 has visited 4 has won 5 has never played 6 has been

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 23 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1 Have, heard, has, gone 2 Have, seen, has discovered

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 23 of the Students Book.

Students sometimes pay much more attention to the text than the task, which can result in them reading inefficiently and wasting valuable time. Ask students to look at the task before the text so they know what they are reading for.

ANSWER KEY 1 Why were the tickets introduced? To bring together young people from all over Europe and promote cheap travel. 2 Why were the tickets not popular at first? Some thought the tickets were too expensive and many students just didnt take to the idea. 3 Which nationalities use the tickets most? Germans, Britons, people from the Benelux countries and Swedes. 4 How were the tickets reformed in 1993? The system was changed so that the most popular destination countries received more of the ticket revenue than others.

ANSWER KEY 1 three hours 2 six years 3 two and a half hours 4 January 5 2003 6 he was ten years old

Tune in to Reading (page 19)


This reviews the Tune in to Reading box on page 20 of the Students Book. It further develops the skill of scanning for specific information. This is a common exam task and students need to become aware of clues they can use to help them read quickly and effectively. Making students aware of how numbers and capital letters stand out in a text can be a very useful strategy. In addition, students need to be aware that time spent reading the task carefully is just as important as time spent reading the text itself.

16

Proper nouns with capital letters are, like numbers, easy to spot in a text. Students need to recognise links between proper nouns in the task and in the text as this will allow them to find where an answer is located quickly. Underlining key words in the task and the text is a good way to develop this skill.

Students read the job advertisement and then complete the letter.

MODEL ANSWER Majorca 29 Valladolid 15 June 2007 Dear Sir or Madam, My name is Ximina Galn and I am writing to ask you about the volunteer work for the City Film Festival. I am 17 years old and I am interested in working in film in the future. I have seen some information on your web page. Could you send me more information about the Festival? When will it be? How many hours a day would I have to work? I think I would be a good person for this type of work because I was born in the city and I can give very good information to tourists. I can speak both Spanish and English. I have experience in tourism because I worked on a sightseeing bus in this city for three months last summer. I am looking forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully, Ximina Galn

ANSWER KEY 1 InterRail started in 1972 on the 50th anniversary of the International Railway Union. 2 Some thought the tickets were too expensive and many students just didnt take to the idea. But they gradually caught on, especially in northern Europe. 3 The tickets were too expensive for young people from some European countries, especially after many of the eastern European countries joined the scheme. 4 Young Czechs simply werent as well off as young Germans. 5 Spain and Italy tended to receive more visitors than Hungary, for example.

Tune in to Writing (page 20)

This exercise focuses on common errors.

ANSWER KEY 1 I have been studying at this school for twelve years. 2 I have been living here since 1998. 3 I am interested in working with your organisation. 4 I have seen some information in the newspaper. 5 I am 17 years old. 6 I am looking forward to hearing from you.

Tune in to Culture (page 21)


This Tune in to Culture page, Gap years, expands on the theme from the unit. First, students read about some gap year experiences and match pictures to the texts. Next, students talk about what they would like to do in a gap year.

Students choose the correct order of the paragraphs in the letter.

Students read the paragraphs and match pictures to experiences.

ANSWER KEY 1c 2a 3d 4b

ANSWER KEY 1e 2a 3c 17

Students work in pairs and interview their partners, using the questions on the page. Circulate from group to group to help with vocabulary and keep students on the topic. At the end, ask students to report back to the class.

3
False friends

New horizons
Practise your grammar
Present Perfect for experience

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar


Practise your vocabulary

Replace the false friends with the correct words from the box. attend bookshop news sensitive relatives studies

1 How many times a week do you assist English class? ____________ 2 I have a lot of parents in South America. ____________ 3 We were sent to the library to buy a dictionary. ____________ 4 Lynn is so sensible about things. She is so easily offended. ____________ 5 When Jason finishes his career, he would like to do volunteer work in Africa. ____________ 6 Did you hear the notices today? ____________

Complete the questions with the correct form of the Present Perfect. 1 Ron ______ ______ (meet) a famous person. Have you? 2 Jerry _____ never ________ (ride) a scooter. Have you? 3 Alice _____ _______ (visit) a foreign country. Have you? 4 Robert ______ _____ (win) a prize. Have you? 5 Janice _______ never ______ (play) a practical joke. Have you? 6 Clara _____ ______ (be) seasick. Have you?

Present Perfect for giving news

Phrasal verbs

Match the phrasal verbs to the definitions. 1 set off a remove clothes 2 get back b start a journey 3 come in c recover from 4 grow up d return 5 fall off e enter 6 look forward to f be excited about 7 take off something in the future 8 get over g separate from something h become more mature

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets. 1 A: ______ you ______ the news? (hear) B: No, what? A: A man from Madrid ______ just ______ into space as a space tourist! (go) B: No kidding? 2 A: ______ you ______ the news on TV? (see) B: No, what happened? A: A scientist ______ ______ a cure for cancer. (discover) B: Fantastic!

Present Perfect for duration

18

Choose the correct option in each sentence. 1 She has been playing a game on the computer for three hours / seven oclock. 2 We have been studying English for 2000 / six years. 3 They have been doing the exam for five oclock / two and a half hours. 4 She has been looking for a job since January / six months. 5 She has been playing the piano since three years / 2003. 6 He has been singing in a choir since four years / he was ten years old.

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

3
InterRail

New horizons

Tune in to Reading
Strategy 1: Scanning for information
To find specific information in a text, look through the text quickly for key words.

Look through the text quickly to find what these numbers and dates refer to. 1 360,000 2 50 3 10,000 4 1993 5 40 6 1972

InterRail
were 360,000 people who had used the tickets. Most The InterRail ticket is a special train ticket that you can use interrailers come from Germany, followed by Great to travel by rail all over Europe. It is especially popular with Britain, the Benelux countries and Sweden. school leavers on a gap year and university students. 20 The price of the ticket has changed over the years. Young people have been interrailing for over 40 years. Originally there was one fare for all travellers, but this 5 InterRail started in 1972 on the 50th anniversary of the caused problems since the tickets were too expensive International Railway Union. The idea behind the for young people from some European countries, tickets was that they would bring together young especially after many of the eastern European countries people from all over the continent and promote cheap travel. The tickets gave their holders unlimited travel on 25 joined the scheme in the 1990s. Young Czechs simply 10 the railway systems of participating countries for a werent as well off as young Germans. Another problem was that lots of interrailers went to whole month. the same countries. Spain and Italy tended to receive However, the tickets were not a great success at first. more visitors than Hungary, for example. So, in 1993 the Some thought the tickets were too expensive and many students just didnt take to the idea. But they gradually 30 system was changed so that the countries with the 15 caught on, especially in northern Europe. In the 1970s most popular destinations received more of the ticket revenue than others. only about 10,000 people interrailed, but by 1992 there

Strategy 2: Using key words to find answers


One exam strategy is to underline the key words in questions to help you find answers.

Strategy 3: Finding specific information


Proper nouns are words that start with a capital letter (ABC, etc.). When you have a question with a proper noun, scan the text quickly to find the words with capital letters.

Read the questions below and underline the key words in each, as in the example. 1 Why were the tickets introduced? 2 Why were the tickets not popular at first? 3 Which nationalities use the tickets most? 4 How were the tickets reformed in 1993? Now find the answers to the questions in the text. 1 ________________________________________ 2 ________________________________________ 3 ________________________________________ 4 ________________________________________

Correct the mistake in each sentence. Scan the text quickly to check your answers. 1 InterRail started in 1972 on the 50th anniversary of the Railway Union International. 2 Some thought the tickets were too expensive and many students just didnt take to the idea. But they gradually caught on, especially in eastern Europe. 3 The tickets were too expensive for young people from some European countries, especially after many of the western European countries joined the scheme. 4 Young Swedes simply werent as well off as young Germans. 5 Spain and Italy tended to receive more visitors than Holland, for example.

19

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

3
1

New horizons
3
Complete the letter for the job advertisement below.

Tune in to Writing
A formal letter
Correct the mistakes in these sentences. 1 I been studying at this school for twelve years. 2 I am living here since 1998. 3 I am interested in to work with your organisation. 4 I have seen some informations in the newspaper. 5 I have 17 years old. 6 I am looking forward to hear from you. Order the paragraphs a-d in the letter from 1-4.

Volunteers needed
The City Film Festival needs help. We are showing fifty films in the city centre in August and we expect 100,000 visitors. We need local people to work in an information office giving advice on the town, hotels, restaurants and the films we will be showing. Volunteers should be able to speak Spanish and English. If you are interested, please visit: www.cityfilmfestival.es

Gran Va 44 Madrid Spain 31 May 2006 Dear Sir or Madam,


a

___________ (your address) ___________ (your city) 15 June ___________ (year) Dear Sir or Madam, My name is ______________________ and I am writing to ask you about ____________________. I am _______ years old and I am interested in _______________________________________ _______________________________________. I have seen some information on your web page. Could you send me more information about _______________ _ ______________________________________? ______________________________________? ______________________________________? I think I would be a good person for this type of work because _________________________________. I can ___________________________________ _. I have experience in _________________________ ______________________________________ _. I am looking forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully, _______________________ (your full name)

____ I saw your advertisement online asking for people to work with the elderly. I have worked as a volunteer in a church organisation in Madrid helping elderly people and I am very interested in working with older patients. ____ Finally, although I have seen some information on your web page, I would also like to ask some further questions. Where is the hospital and how many hours a day would I have to work? ____ I am writing to you to ask about your voluntary organisation because I am interested in working for your charity in the summer. My name is Javier Garca and I am 17 years old. ____ I think I have the right type of character to work with older patients, as I am quite open and friendly and I am also a very patient person. At present, I have just finished my last year of school and I will start my university studies next year. I would like to study Medicine. I am looking forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully, Javier Garca

20

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

3
Gap years

New horizons

Tune in to Culture
1
Read about gap year experiences. Match three of the pictures with the paragraphs 1-3.

Travelling to a different tune


A gap year is a period of time that students take between finishing school and starting university. Many students travel, others do international volunteer work and some enjoy a working holiday. A relatively new concept in the USA, there are organisations like Outward Bound which organise wilderness experiences. Citizens of the UK take advantage of programmes in Canada, Australia and New Zealand, with volunteering in Africa becoming more and more popular. There are many different and exciting experiences awaiting you abroad. Read about three teenagers and the type of travel experiences they had. 1 ___Melinda Clarke is an American teenager who was a volunteer in an African village where she taught English and computer skills. She has some advice for teens wanting to volunteer abroad: realise that you wont have all of the comforts of home. understand that you cant change peoples lives in a short trip, but you can contribute something. 2 ___Charles Warren is an Australian who has been an intern for six months in a science institute in Germany, where he has had to work very long hours. Even though he was working with people much older than himself, he has planned to stay on in Germany working for a company in Cologne because he has enjoyed his experience so much. 3 ___An exciting way to work all over the world is to take a job on a cruise ship. Sharon Paulson has visited Mexico, Cuba, the USA and many other countries. She works as a waitress, so she works long hours. She has some days free to tour the cities where the cruise ship stops, but often she has to work during the day.

21

Interview your partner. 1 Have you ever done any of the activities mentioned in the article or in the pictures? 2 Would you like to do any of these activities? Why or why not? 3 What can you learn from each of these types of gap year? 4 If you did any of these jobs, what would you worry about? 5 Where would you like to go if you could go anywhere in the world?
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

4
1
ANSWER KEY

Visions

TEACHERS NOTES
Tune in to Reading (page 25)
This reviews the Tune in to Reading box on page 31 of the Students Book. It further develops strategies that students can use when they meet unknown vocabulary in texts. In the exam students may get very distracted, even panicked, by words they do not understand, so they need to be aware that there are plenty of approaches they can use which will help them to guess what these words mean.

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar (page 24)


This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 31 of the Students Book.

1 adventure holiday 2 powerboat 3 cellphone

4 backpack 5 sunglasses 6 daredevil

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 32 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1 environment 2 demonstration 3 optimist 4 Humidity 5 community 6 investigation

When confronted by a new word, it can be useful for students to start by deciding what part of speech it is. This may be indicated by suffixes. Students have encountered noun suffixes on page 32 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1 technology = noun. Students know this is a noun because of the suffix -ology. 2 subsidise = verb. Students know this is a verb because of the ending -ise. Note that words ending -ise may also be spelt -ize, which is the US spelling, e.g. subsidize. 3 exploration = noun. Students know this is a noun because of the suffix -ation. 4 weightless = adjective. Students know this is an adjective because of the suffix -less, which means without. 5 environment = noun. Students know this is a noun because of the suffix -ment.

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 35 of the Students Book. Note that salesperson and firefighter are written as one word, whereas the other answers are two words. Students need to be aware of this aspect of spelling when learning new words.

ANSWER KEY 1 art teacher 2 salesperson 3 film director 4 taxi driver 5 firefighter 6 palm reader

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 33 of the Students Book. 1 2 3 4 Ill be working as a doctor in Africa or India. Im going to study Medicine. Itll take about twelve years! Of course. Ill love it.

ANSWER KEY

Once students have decided what part of speech a word is, they can use the context in which the word is used to help them guess the meaning. Students need to be encouraged to look at sentences and phrases that occur before and after the word itself as it is these sentences and phrases which will establish context.

ANSWER KEY 1 Into space. 2 new, modern, up-to-date 3 Yes, you can replace shelled out with paid.

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 33 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 22 1 will have completed 2 will have discovered 3 will be putting 4 will have changed 5 will have heard 6 will be travelling

Remember to ask the students to look at the sentences before and after the new word.

ANSWER KEY 1 2 3 4 5 6 based (line 6) Its early days yet (lines 16-17) genuine (line 24) drawbacks (line 29) screenings (line 44) arduous (line 48)

Tune in to Writing (page 26)


This reviews the Writing section on pages 36-37 of the Students Book. It further develops the skill of writing an opinion essay.

1 2

Read the numbers to the class and ask students to repeat them. Students work in pairs. Students write numbers in figures in the left-hand column. Encourage the students to choose large numbers with several figures after the decimal point, for example 1,398.415. This will give them plenty of practice of a confusing part of learning English. Students then exchange numbers without looking at their partners paper, and complete the right-hand column of their table with their partners numbers. Finally, they compare their answers. Students match the symbols to the terms. A fourth symbol which is not used in the following exercises is , which is said as divide by.

Students insert three sentences into the text. Draw students attention to the phrases for example, in my opinion, and instead in sentences 1-3. These phrases all help readers understand a text and students should try to use them in their own writing.

ANSWER KEY 1c 2b 3a

Students divide the text up into paragraphs. Paragraphing is an essential skill that students need to develop. Paragraphing is also covered in Unit 1s Tune in to Writing worksheet on page 8 of this Resource Book.

ANSWER KEY x multiply by subtract from + add to

ANSWER KEY First paragraph begins: I think that all space exploration should be ended. Second paragraph begins: First of all, billions of dollars are spent each year on missions to explore the surface of Mars Third paragraph begins: Secondly, there are many other problems that need attention

Students write a concluding paragraph. It might be useful to direct students back to the opinion essay on page 36 of the Students Book, which can provide a model for this task.

Tell students that in the UK dates are read day/month/year. In the US the dates are read month/day/year. Write a few dates on the board and have students practise saying the dates. Remind students that they need to use ordinal numbers when reading dates. It may be useful to review the ordinal numbers 1-10, 20 and 30 on the board: 1 first 5 fifth 9 ninth 2 second 6 sixth 10 tenth 3 third 7 seventh 20 twentieth 4 fourth 8 eighth 30 thirtieth This is a fun pairwork practice. Students work in pairs. Ask students not to tell each other their birthday until they have completed the game. Note that the answer is given month + day as in the USA. It may be necessary to warn students about this before they start. As a follow-up, ask students if they know any more games like this. If so, ask students to tell the game instructions to the class. 23

MODEL ANSWER In conclusion, the problems here on Earth are not going to go away unless we do something about them. We need to act now and dedicate money to people, not space exploration.

Tune in to Culture (page 27)


This Tune in to Culture page, Mathematical terms in English, deals with numbers and mathematics. This is an important area to study in English as many of the numerical conventions used in Spain are not the same in the English-speaking world. Students begin with two activities aimed at practising numbers, commas and decimal points. Then they proceed to practising numbers of their own choice in pairs. After that, students revise ordinal numbers as well as the way dates are used in the USA and the UK.

4
1

Visions
Practise your grammar

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar


Practise your vocabulary
Compound nouns
Complete the sentences. Use the words in the box. backpack daredevil adventure holiday cellphone powerboat sunglasses 1 We are going on an ___________ in Africa. We are going climbing, rafting and mountaineering. 2 The ___________ moved at an amazing speed across the lake. 3 I couldnt call because I had lost my __________. 4 You should carry a light __________ when travelling round Europe by train. 5 You should wear __________ in the bright daylight. 6 He rides a motorcycle and hes a real ___________. He does loads of dangerous things on it.

Future forms

Complete the dialogue with the sentences in the box. Of course. Ill love it. Im going to study Medicine. Itll take about twelve years! Ill be working as a doctor in Africa or India. 1 Alex: What will you be doing ten years from now? Carmen: ________________________________ 2 Alex: What are you going to do after you finish school? Carmen: ________________________________ 3 Alex: How long will it take to become a doctor? Carmen: ________________________________ 4 Alex: Are you sure you will like studying Medicine? Carmen: ________________________________

Noun suffixes

Correct the endings of the words in bold. 1 Greenpeace is concerned with taking care of the environmism. 2 The teacher gave us a demonstrament of how to do the science experiment. 3 An optimation is a person who always sees the good side of things. 4 Humidation is the amount of water in the air. 5 I live in a really nice communiment where everyone knows everyone else. 6 Scientific investigament is a way of discovering new medicines.

Future Perfect and Future Continuous Jobs

3
24

Join the words together to form names of professions. 1 art person ________________ 2 sales driver ________________ 3 film reader ________________ 4 taxi fighter ________________ 5 fire director ________________ 6 palm teacher ________________

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets. 1 By this time next year, I ________ one year of my Biology course. (complete) 2 By the end of next year, scientists _______ a cure for this terrible disease. (discover) 3 This time tomorrow, the newspapers ________ the photos on their website. (put) 4 By the time you come back from university, things ______ a lot. (change) 5 By the end of next week, everyone ________ the news. (hear) 6 This time ten years from now, tourists __________ regularly into space. (travel)

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

Visions
passengers on these trips. They have to train alongside professional astronauts and But just imagine for a moment that money is no object, what do 40 learn how to use incredibly advanced technology, as well as Space Adventures have to offer? how to work hard in a weightless The only genuine space holiday 25 on offer so far is Space environment. There are regular medical screenings to check that Adventures trip to the International Space Station. 45 the space tourist is physically capable of making the journey. Sounds fun? There are a few Much of this training takes the drawbacks. First and foremost, 30 the $20 million airfare only form of arduous simulations so the tourists gain experience of people like software billionaire Charles Simonyi have shelled 50 the space environment. These simulations include underwater out for tickets so far. space walks in the hydrolab an Then theres the six-month 35 training enormous water tank. These programme. Space trips are anything but relaxing. tourists are not exactly Space travel is not yet an
20 option for most holiday makers.

Tune in to Reading
Adventure in space

Holidays in space
a thing of the future? Not at all. Space Adventures has been sending tourists into 5 orbit for some time now. The company, based in Virginia, USA, has established a partnership with the official Russian space programme and is using 10 cutting-edge Russian space technology and facilities at Star City outside Moscow. The Russians for their part are using this space tourism 15 to subsidise the costs of their space exploration. Its early days yet, but so far the partnership is working well.

Strategy 1: Parts of speech


It is easier to guess the meaning of words if you know what part of speech they are.

Strategy 3: Guessing unknown words


There will often be unknown words in a text. Remember to use the sentences before and after the word to help you guess its meaning.

Find the words in the text and decide if they are verbs, nouns or adjectives. How do you know? 1 technology (paragraph 1) 2 subsidise (paragraph 1) 3 exploration (paragraph 1) 4 weightless (paragraph 4) 5 environment (paragraph 4)

Strategy 2: Guessing meaning from context


Use the context of the sentence to guess the meaning of new words.

Find words or phrases in the text which mean: 1 where something is located (paragraph 1) 2 at the beginning of a project (paragraph 1) 3 true, real (paragraph 3) 4 problems, difficulties (paragraph 3) 5 examinations (paragraph 4) 6 very hard and difficult (paragraph 4)

Look at the sentences and phrases in bold in the text and answer the questions. 1 If you send people into orbit, where do you send them? 2 What thing is cutting-edge describing? If something is cutting-edge, it is very _________. 3 Can you replace shelled out with one word?

25

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

4
1 2

Visions

Tune in to Writing
An opinion essay
Read the opinion essay. Put these sentences into the correct gaps a-c. 1 For example, people in Africa are dying of hunger and thirst. 2 In my opinion, this money could be better used for other things. 3 We need to concentrate on the problems we have here on Earth instead. Now divide the opinion essay into three paragraphs.

End space exploration!


I think that all space exploration should be ended. a ________________________. For example, not enough money is spent on medicine, especially health problems in the Developing World. AIDS and malaria are killing people in Developing Countries. Whats more, many people in these countries do not even have basics such as clean drinking water. People in richer countries should contribute more to help solve these global problems. First of all, billions of dollars are spent each year on missions to explore the

26

surface of Mars or to study Saturn and its rings. b ________________________. Medicines to combat AIDS are very expensive, but they prolong lives and protect the immune system. Money from the space programme could easily be used to reduce the price of medicine in the developing world. In addition, money should be invested in research to cure and control terrible diseases, such as tuberculosis, typhoid and malaria. Secondly, there are a lot of other problems that need attention. c ________________________. We need to provide the technology and the know-how so that people in these countries can develop their own programmes to control their food and water supply.

Write a conclusion to the opinion essay. Give your own opinion. (25 words) In conclusion, ________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________.

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

4
1

Visions

Tune in to Culture
Mathematical terms in English
Saying numbers correctly is important when talking about technology. b A full stop is used to indicate decimals. a A comma is used to indicate thousands and millions. Read Say Read Say 0.5 oh point five / zero point five 2,000 two thousand 12.06 twelve point zero six 450,000 four hundred and fifty thousand 33.25 thirty-three point two five 4,000,000 four million 99.456 ninety-nine point four five six 1,654,392 one million, six hundred and fifty-four thousand, three hundred and ninety-two Write four long numbers with decimals in the table. Now exchange this information with a partner. My numbers My partners numbers

Match the symbols to the terms. x subtract from add to + multiply by Dates. Read the information below. Remember to use ordinal numbers in dates. 1 January = the first of January the one of January 14 March = the fourteenth of March the fourteen of March 3 September = the third of September the three of September Dates are different in UK and US English. UK 10/12/07 the tenth of December 2007 USA 10/12/07 October twelfth 2007

Work in pairs. Do the mathematical game together. I know your birthday! 1 Ask your partner the month number of his/her birthday. (January = 1, February = 2, etc.) 2 Tell your partner to multiply that number by 5. 3 Then add 6. 4 Next multiply the total by 4. 5 Then add 9. 6 Multiply the total by 5. 7 Add to this total the number of the day your partner was born. 8 Ask your partner for the number. 9 Subtract 165 from the number. You will have the month and day of your partners birthday (month first, day second).

27

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

5
1
ANSWER KEY 1 terrified 2 bored 3 confusing

A good story!
1

TEACHERS NOTES

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar (page 30)


This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 39 of the Students Book.

When reading a story, it can help students if they start by asking themselves simple questions to focus on the background. An example of this could include employing a journalistic approach by asking the questions: Who, What, Where, When and Why.

4 exciting 5 relaxing 6 tired

ANSWER KEY Story 1 The first story, which is in the second paragraph, is about a burglar called J. Ealey. 1 A burglary. 2 In a house in Detroit. 3 Because the burglar took his dog to the burglary and the dog helped the police to catch him. Story 2 The second story, which is in the third paragraph, is about a pair of British car thieves. 1 A car theft. 2 In the UK. 3 Because the thieves tried to sell the car to the person they stole it from. Story 3 The third story, which is in the fourth paragraph, is about a man who attempts to rob a shop. 1 A robbery. 2 In a shop in Southampton (a city on the south coast of England). 3 Because the thief spent more money than he stole.

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 40 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1c 2b 3d 4a 5f 6e

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 41 of the Students Book. Note that far has two possible comparative and superlative forms: further, furthest and farther, farthest.

ANSWER KEY 1 most beautiful 2 best 3 further/farther 4 warmer 5 worst 6 taller

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 41 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1 The heroine is a woman whose husband has died. 2 Hamlet was written by Shakespeare, who also wrote Macbeth and Romeo and Juliet. 3 London is the city where Dickens lived. 4 Bram Stoker was a nineteenth-century author, whose most famous book is Dracula. 5 The author had two brothers, who were born in Ireland. 6 George Orwell wrote Nineteen Eighty-Four in 1948, when communism was very strong in Europe. 28

It can be tempting to focus only on the main character in a story. But thinking about all the different characters in a story can help students to understand a longer text. As a follow-up to this exercise in class, you could ask different students to read about the different characters in the text and then role play one of the stories.

ANSWER KEY 1 The police found the burglars dog and told it to go home. They then followed the dog and found the burglar. 2 The owner recognised his car when the thieves tried to sell it back to him. The text implies that he contacted the police to report the crime. 3 The shop assistant opened the cash register to get change for the 10 note.

Tune in to Reading (page 31)


This reviews the Tune in to Reading box on page 38 of the Students Book. It further develops the skill of reading intensively when you are interested in all the details of a text. In their final exam, students may need to read a text in great detail to complete a task. This means they will need plenty of practice of reading slowly and carefully and using context to help them understand difficult sections.

Once the students have understood the events of the story, they will be able to use their understanding of the context to guess the meaning of unknown words.

Students use the information given to write a mini-biography of William Shakespeare. Set a limit of 60 words for this activity.

MODEL ANSWER William Shakespeare was born in Stratfordupon-Avon, England on 26 April 1564. He lived in Stratford-upon-Avon and London, where he wrote famous works such as Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet and Macbeth. He wrote 37 plays, which were inspired by Roman history, English history, and Italian stories. He died on 23 April 1616.

ANSWER KEY 1 The burglar broke into the house. Break into means to enter a house illegally to steal things. 2 It started going home. Set off means to start travelling on a journey. 3 The police caught and arrested Mr Ealey. The police arrest someone when they catch them and take them to the police station. 4 The shop assistant opened the till, which had money in it. The till is the machine in a shop which holds money and tells shop assistants how much money to give as change, etc. 5 The thief grabbed all the money in the till and ran away. To grab means to take something quickly with your hand.

Tune in to Culture (page 33)


This Tune in to Culture page, Book quiz, tests students knowledge of classic and modern literature. It is followed by group work about students reading habits. The cartoons on this page depict William Shakespeare, Sherlock Holmes and Long John Silver (from Stevensons Treasure Island).

Tune in to Writing (page 32)


This reviews the Writing section on pages 44-45 of the Students Book. It further develops the skill of writing a biography.

Students choose the correct words to complete the sentences. Note that Burma is the former name of modern-day Myanmar. However, Burma is still commonly used in English to describe this country, especially in a historical context such as here. Point out to students that biographies often include the same sort of information. They can learn common sentences to help them write this kind of text.

Students work in pairs to answer the questions in the quiz as quickly as possible. Then read out the answers. Students may question the answer to 5, as Anne Frank lived most of her life in Amsterdam. While she moved with her family from Germany to Holland to escape the Nazi regime, she was actually born in Frankfurt.

ANSWER KEY 1a 2b 3c 4a 5a 6c 7c 8a 9b 10c

ANSWER KEY 1 born 2 from, to 3 inspired 4 working 5 was fighting 6 died

Students work in large groups asking other students the questions. At the end, put the results from the whole class on the board. Find out the class results of the survey.

Students place the relative clauses in the correct places in the text. Point out to students that when presenting a lot of information in a text, relative clauses become very useful.

29

ANSWER KEY 1b where he read classic adventure novels by authors such as Alexander Dumas 2d where he worked as a war correspondent 3e which is the story of a painting restorer called Julia 4c which have become his most famous works 5a which was filmed in 2006

5
1

A good story!
Relative clauses

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar


Practise your vocabulary
Adjectives ending in -ed and -ing
Complete the sentences with the adjectives in the box. bored confusing exciting relaxing terrified tired 1 The book was very scary. I was __________! 2 I wasnt interested in the film at all. I was __________ by it. 3 The explanation was __________, and the students didnt understand it. 4 The novel had an __________ ending. The hero was almost killed! 5 They had a __________ day on the beach, lying in the sun and swimming in the sea. 6 Henry was __________ after a long days work.

About books

Match the words with the definitions. a a place where you can 1 plot borrow books 2 critic b the person who writes a 3 heroine review of a book 4 library c the story 5 the twist d the principal female 6 paperback character in a literary work e a book with flexible covers f an unexpected change in a story

Join these sentences using the relative pronoun in brackets. 1 The heroine is a woman. Her husband has died. (whose) ________________________________________ 2 Hamlet was written by Shakespeare. He also wrote Macbeth and Romeo and Juliet. (who) ________________________________________ 3 London is the city. Dickens lived there. (where) ________________________________________ 4 Bram Stoker was a nineteenth-century author. His most famous book is Dracula. (whose) ________________________________________ 5 The author had two brothers. His brothers were born in Ireland. (who) ________________________________________ 6 George Orwell wrote Nineteen Eighty-Four in 1948. At this time communism was very strong in Europe. (when) ________________________________________

Practise your grammar


Comparisons

30

Correct the sentences by changing the adjective in bold into the comparative or superlative form. 1 Norway has the beautiful scenery Ive ever seen. ____________ 2 This is the good book Ive ever read. ____________ 3 Cdiz is far away from Madrid than Barcelona. ____________ 4 The water in the Mediterranean Sea is warm than the water in the Atlantic Ocean. ____________ 5 What is the bad film you have ever seen? ____________ 6 The Sears Tower is tall than the Empire State Building. ____________
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

A good story!
Crime stories

Tune in to Reading
Crime stories
We all know that stealing 40 particular criminal thought he had invented a brilliant new way things is not right. What is to steal from shops. His idea was surprising, however, is how to buy something from the shop easy it seems to be to get it 5 wrong. Lots of thieves, robbers and pay for it honestly. The and burglars are simply not Ealeys house. The police 45 clever part was that he planned very good at what they do. Lets followed and were able to to steal all the money from the look at some examples of 25 arrest Mr Ealey, who had only till when the shop assistant arrived home a few minutes opened it to get change. incompetent crooks. before them. 10 J. Ealey was a burglar working Everything went to plan at first. Vernon Drinkwater and 50 The thief went to the cash desk in Detroit. One day he planned to break into a house and took Raymond Heap made a basic and handed over a ten-pound his dog with him. After 30 mistake in May 1976. Having note for some shopping. As he successfully breaking in and successfully stolen a car in hoped, the shop assistant opened Blackburn, England, they tried the cash register to get change. 15 stealing what he wanted, Mr Ealey left the scene of the crime to sell it to the person they had 55 When the till was open, the thief but, unfortunately, he also left stolen it from. Not surprisingly, grabbed all the money in the till his dog there. When the police 35 the owner recognised his car, and ran away. Unfortunately, arrived at the house, they found and they were accused of theft. there was only 4.37 in the till, Another thief who needed to so the thief lost 5.63! 20 the dog. Home, boy! the police officers ordered the dog, reconsider his approach was a 60 So it seems that the old saying who immediately set off for Mr robber from Southampton. This is true. Crime doesnt pay.

Strategy 1: Understanding the setting


When reading intensively, it can help your comprehension if you get an idea of the background to the text first. This is especially true when reading a story.

Strategy 3: Guessing meaning from context


Once you have understood what happens in a story, this will probably help you to guess what some of the difficult words mean.

Read the text. It includes three stories about crimes. For each story answer the questions. 1 What sort of crime is committed? 2 Where does the crime happen? 3 Why is the story funny?

Use what you know about the stories and the questions below to guess what these words mean. 1 to break into (line 12)
In the story, who broke into a house?

2 to set off (line 22)


When the dog set off, what did it start doing?

Strategy 2: Characters
Stories are often about people, so it can help you to follow the story if you concentrate on what the characters do.

3 to arrest (line 25)


Who arrested Mr Ealey?

4 till (line 47)


Who opened the till and what was in it?

31

5 grabbed (line 56)


What did the thief grab? What did he do next?

Read the three stories again. 1 In the first story, what do the police do? 2 In the second story, what does the owner of the car do? 3 In the third story, what does the shop assistant do?
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

5
A biography

A good story!

Tune in to Writing
1
Complete the sentences about George Orwell with the correct words. 1 George Orwell was borned / born in India. 2 Orwell lived in Burma from / of 1922 of / to 1927. 3 His experiences in Burma was inspired / inspired him to write Burmese Days. 4 After work / working for the BBC, he published Animal Farm. 5 While he was fighting / fought in the Spanish Civil War, he was wounded in the throat. 6 He dead / died on 21 January 1950. Complete the biography of the author Arturo Prez-Reverte with the relative clauses in the box. a b c d e which was filmed in 2006 where he read classic adventure novels by authors such as Alexander Dumas which have become his most famous works where he worked as a war correspondent which is the story of a painting restorer called Julia

Arturo Prez-Reverte was born in 1951 in Cartagena. As a child he spent a lot of time reading in his grandfathers library, 1_________________________. After studying Political Science and Journalism, he began working as a newspaper reporter. He lived abroad from 1973 to 1994. This meant travelling to countries in Africa, Europe and South America, 2_________________________. While he was working as a journalist, he began writing novels. Eventually, in 1994, he gave up journalism to dedicate his time exclusively to writing. His first books were thrillers and historical novels like The Flanders Panel, 3_________________________ who discovers an inscription on a Flemish painting. His bitter experiences as a war correspondent inspired him to write such books as Territorio Comanche. In 1994 he began writing the Captain Alatriste books, 4_________________________. The third in the series, El Sol de Breda, has been translated into nineteen languages. The film of the series, Captain Alatriste, 5_________________________, has also been a success.

Write a mini-biography of William Shakespeare using the notes below.

William Shakespeare Born: 26 April 1564 (Stratford-upon-Avon, England) Died: 23 April 1616 Number of plays: 37
32

Lived: Stratford-upon-Avon and London Famous works: Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, and many more Inspiration: Roman history (the plays Julius Caesar and Anthony and Cleopatra) English history (Richard III) Italian stories (Romeo and Juliet)

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

5
Book quiz

A good story!

Tune in to Culture
1
Work in pairs to answer the questions in the Book quiz. How fast can you answer them? 5 Where was Anne Frank, the author of The Diary of a Young Girl, born? a Germany b Holland c Belgium 6 Who was the author of Frankenstein? a Lord Byron b Jane Austen c Mary Shelley 7 Which detective was not created by Agatha Christie? a Hercule Poirot 1 Which Spanish author died in the same year b Miss Marple as Shakespeare? c Philip Marlowe a Cervantes 8 What is the longest novel in the world? b Quevedo a Remembrance of Things Past by Marcel c Lope de Vega Proust 2 Arthur Conan Doyle invented the hero b The Name of the Rose by Umberto Eco Sherlock Holmes. What was Conan Doyles c The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien job? 9 Which book did Robert Louis Stevenson not a journalist write? b doctor a Treasure Island c detective b David Copperfield c The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

3 What does the J.K. in J.K. Rowling stand for? a Judith Karen b Janice Kristine c Joanne Kathleen 4 Who is the best-selling author of childrens books? a R.L. Stine of the Goosebumps series b J.K. Rowling of the Harry Potter series c Lemony Snicket of the A Series of Unfortunate Events series

10 Who was the author of The Chronicles of Narnia? a Edgar Allan Poe b Charles Dickens c C.S. Lewis 33

Take a survey. Work in groups to ask and answer these questions. Do you like reading? How many books do you read in one month? Who is your favourite author? What is your favourite book?

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

6
1
ANSWER KEY

Sleep on it!

TEACHERS NOTES

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar (page 36)


This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 47 of the Students Book.

Tune in to Reading (page 37)


This reviews the Tune in to Reading box on page 47 of the Students Book. It further develops the skills of inferring. In their final exam students may be asked to interpret the position of an author. It is important therefore that they develop the ability to infer meaning from a long text, where an authors argument might not be completely obvious.

1 I cant make the decision now. Ill have to sleep on it. 2 Dont be such a sleepyhead! Get up now! 3 My friends are coming to my house to sleep over tonight. 4 I wanted to talk to you last night, but you were fast asleep. 5 Im so happy its Saturday and I can sleep in. 6 I need to go to bed to get my beauty sleep.

Finding information in a text to justify statements is a common skill in the final exam and this is a technique students will need to master.

ANSWER KEY 1 With sleepwalking many people believe what they see in films and cartoons, that the sleepwalker walks around with his hands out and eyes closed. In fact sleepwalking can mean many things. (lines 7-10) 2 His mother said that it was just a phase he was going through. (lines 16-17) 3 Both of these explanations were interesting, but I wasnt entirely sure that they explained the situation. (lines 21-23) 4 Often sleepwalking can be caused by stress and so there was a possible connection here. (lines 27-29) 5 It was not clear whether this would be a certain solution to the problem, but I felt that it was worth a try as a first attempt. (lines 32-34)

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary from the text Teens need sleep on page 46 of the Students Book, as well as dream which appears in the Vocabulary box on page 48 of the Students Book. Before they do the crossword, point out to students that the answer to 3 down is a hyphenated word of three and two letters (the answer is lie-in).

ANSWER KEY
1

a d o

s n o

c e n

d r

o z e s s

l i i n

a z

d e p r a m

e d
6

There are a number of techniques students can use to help them guess the meaning of new words, such as looking at the surrounding text and guessing what the missing word might be.

a p

ANSWER KEY 1b 2g 3f 4d 5c 6e 7a

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 49 of the Students Book. At home: I have to clean up my room. I can have friends to sleep over. I can/cant have parties. I have to do/dont have to the washing up. I have to/dont have to take out the rubbish. At school: I have to take exams. I have to/dont have to have lunch in the school building. I can have lunch in the school building. I have to/dont have to wear a uniform. I can play sports. I cant play sports (because I have a broken arm.) I cant shout in class. When driving: You must stop at traffic lights. You must wear a seat belt. You mustnt go over the speed limit. You must stop at zebra crossings. You mustnt use a mobile phone.

POSSIBLE ANSWERS

The words have the same meaning in the text as in the exercise.

34

Students examine a section of the text where a lot of information is to be inferred by the reader.

ANSWER KEY The writer shows us he disagrees with what he is writing by putting sleepwalking in inverted commas. He also says he needed more information. In reporting public ideas, the doctor says many people believe, which shows he does not include himself in this group. He uses in fact before correcting the information that many people believe.

Tune in to Writing (page 38)


This reviews the Writing section on pages 52-53 of the Students Book. It further develops the skill of writing a for and against essay.

Tune in to Culture (page 39)


This Tune in to Culture page, Idioms quiz, introduces various idiomatic expressions. These expressions include words from the Students Book Unit 6, especially the Mind and body vocabulary box on page 48. Students need to be aware of the existence of idioms and have strategies available for understanding them when they appear.

Students read the statements and complete the chart. Should rock music be labelled as to violence and bad language? For Against 1, 3, 4 2, 5, 6

ANSWER KEY

Students read the text and choose the correct expressions or linking expressions. All of the expressions in the text were covered in the Students Book on page 53.

Students work in pairs to answer the quiz. Note that probably all of these idioms will be new, so encourage students to use the rest of the model dialogue to guess the answers that they do not know.

ANSWER KEY 1b 2a 3c 4a 5b 6c 7b

ANSWER KEY 1 2 3 4 For that reason However On the one hand as a result 5 6 7 8 Consequently On the other hand In my opinion What is more

In small groups, students compare these idioms to those in their own language.

Before they correct the mistakes, the students classify the kinds of mistakes that have been made. This skill was also looked at on page 52 of the Students Book, and the Tune in to Writing worksheet for Unit 1 on page 8 of this Resource Book.

ANSWER KEY Many parents thinks = Gr There are good arguments for and against this opinion? = P it is not aceptable = Sp teenagers are enough old to decide = Wo no one should put no labels = Gr

Students correct the mistakes that they analysed in exercise 3.

ANSWER KEY Many parents think There are good arguments for and against this opinion. it is not acceptable teenagers are old enough to decide no one should put labels 35

Sleep on it!
Crossword

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar


Practise your vocabulary

Read the clues and complete the crossword.


1 2

Expressions with sleep

Correct the sleep expressions in the sentences. 1 I cant make the decision now. Ill have to sleep in it. 2 Dont be such a sleepybrain! Get up now! 3 My friends are coming to my house to sleeping over tonight. 4 I wanted to talk to you last night, but you were fast sleep. 5 Im so happy its Saturday and I can sleep on. 6 I need to go to bed to get my beautiful sleep.

Across 1 another word for a young adult or teenager 3 if you dont work hard or you spend all day in bed you are ______ 5 an adjective that means feeling very unhappy 6 a short sleep during the day Down 2 make another word for sleep from these letters: zoosen 3 to stay in bed longer than usual (two words: 3-2) 4 to see pictures in your mind when you are asleep

Practise your grammar


Modal verbs

Write true sentences about you using the prompts. Then tell a partner your sentences. Are they correct? I have to dont have to can cant have to dont have to can cant you must mustnt clean up my room. have friends to sleep over. have parties. do the washing up. take out the rubbish. take exams. have lunch in the school building. wear a uniform. play sports. shout in class. stop at traffic lights. wear a seat belt. go over the speed limit. stop at zebra crossings. use a mobile phone.

At home

36

At school

When driving

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

6
1

Sleep on it!

Tune in to Reading
Stevens sleepwalking
Strategy 1: Inferring meaning
To infer meaning from the text, identify which sentences contain the relevant information. Read the text and find the sentences which tell us the following information. 1 The writer thinks the public have a false idea of sleepwalking. 2 The mother thinks the sleepwalking is not a major problem. 3 The writer doesnt agree with the parents sleepwalking explanations. 4 The writer says he is not one hundred percent sure that the sleepwalking is caused by stress. 5 The writer thinks his solution might not work, but that there are other ideas that they can try.

Doctors Casebook: Stevens Sleepwalking


but they stop doing it in later life. The father thought that When Steven was twelve years old, he started sleepwalking. One Steven wasnt getting enough exercise during the day, as he night he was sleeping perfectly normally and the next he was out of bed and moving around the house. After a week or so of this 20 spent most of his time watching TV and playing computer games. This was making him sleepwalk at night. Both of these happening, Stevens parents came to me and asked my advice. explanations were interesting, but I wasnt entirely sure that 5 Stevens parents had told me that he was sleepwalking, but I they explained the situation. needed more information. I needed to know what exactly Steven It was only when I spoke to Steven carefully, that I learnt a was doing. With sleepwalking many people believe what they see in films and cartoons, that the sleepwalker walks around with his 25 possible solution. Steven had recently started a new school year with a different teacher. He told me that he had been hands out and eyes closed. In fact sleepwalking can mean many 10 things. In Stevens case I learnt that he sometimes walked out of finding the lessons very challenging. Often sleepwalking can be caused by stress and so there was a possible connection his room, down the stairs and then went back to bed. More often here. I suggested to his parents that they sit down as a though he used to jump out of bed, and then shout something. By the time his parents arrived to see what was wrong, he was 30 family to talk through his worries at school. Hopefully, they could find a way to help him with his concerns about his fast asleep again. new class. It was not clear whether this would be a certain 15 The parents had very different ideas about what was causing solution to the problem, but I felt that it was worth a try as a the problem. His mother said that it was just a phase he was first attempt. going through. She had read that lots of children sleepwalk,

Strategy 2: Inferring meaning from other words


When you read a text, try to infer meaning from all the surrounding words.

Match the words in bold with the definitions. Then find the words in 1-7 in the text. Do they have the same meaning? 1 People often think terrific means very bad. In fact it means excellent. a if 2 Normally I can solve this problem. But in this case I couldnt do anything. b actually 3 They thought it was just a small protest, nothing to worry about. c because of this 4 I didnt entirely understand the explanation. It was confusing. d completely 5 We couldnt sleep over in his house, so we slept in a hotel. e obvious 6 He spoke with a very strange accent and it wasnt clear where he came from. f only 7 I didnt know whether he was asleep or not. g example, situation

37

Strategy 3: Looking at paragraphs


It is a good idea to look at paragraphs individually, especially at the start of the text. It is at this point that writers tell us their own opinions. However, sometimes you will have to infer the meaning.

Look at the words in bold in the second paragraph. How does the doctor show he disagrees with the information that he is providing?
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

6
1

Sleep on it!

Tune in to Writing
A for and against essay
Write the sentences in the correct column of the table. 1 It is not acceptable to listen to songs with violent lyrics. 2 Many people see no need for this and they consider it censorship. 3 They argue that people hear language about violence and then they commit violent acts. 4 Labels can help parents prevent their children listening to music with these violent messages. 5 Teenagers are old enough to decide for themselves which CDs they want to buy and why. 6 No one should put labels on music at all.

Should rock music be labelled as to violence and bad language? For Against

Complete the essay with the correct expressions.

Should rock music be labelled as to violence and bad language?


Many parents thinks that music CDs should be labelled if they contain offensive language and incitation to violent behaviour. 1For that reason / On the one hand, some parents organisations have been formed to encourage the use of labels on CDs with suggestive song lyrics. 2In my opinion / However, many people see no need for this and they consider it censorship. There are good arguments for and against this opinion?
3On

the one hand / On the other hand, many people think it is not aceptable to listen to songs with violent lyrics. They

argue that people hear language about violence and 4as a result / however they commit violent acts. 5Consequently / However labels can help parents prevent their children from listening to music with these violent messages.
6On

the one hand / On the other hand, many people think that changing the cover of a CD without the musicians

permission is a form of censorship. In addition, the labels are not necessary because teenagers are enough old to decide for themselves which CDs they want to buy and why.
7In

my opinion / However, rock music should not be labelled as to violence and bad language. 8What is more / On the

other hand, no one should put no labels on music at all. Parents should trust their teenagers to buy what they think is

38

good music and not be concerned about the words.

Classify the underlined mistakes in the text using the correction code. Grammar (Gr) Punctuation (P) Spelling (Sp) Word order (Wo)

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

6
Idioms quiz

Sleep on it!

Tune in to Culture
An important part of learning a foreign language is to learn idioms. An idiom is a phrase that exists in one language, but cannot be translated directly into another. For example, took off is an idiom in the sentence: He took off his coat, because take + off in other languages will not have the same meaning as the English phrasal verb.

Work in pairs. Look at the conversations and answer the questions. Can you get all seven questions right? 1 STUART: When I leave university, Im going to work as a film director. ADAM: In your dreams! Youre going to get a 95 job like everybody else. Adam says in your dreams because: a he thinks Stuart will become a film director. b he thinks that it is improbable that Stuart will become a film director. c he thinks Stuart will work hard to become a film director. When Yvonne says dont lose any sleep over it, she means: a dont worry about it. b work all the time and dont relax. c dont work at night. What is a brainwave? a An old idea. b A complicated idea. c A brilliant idea.

2 WILLIAM: I have to take a Physics exam in June! Im sure Im going to fail. What can I do? YVONNE: There are six months before the exam. You have lots of time to study, and I can help you. Dont lose any sleep over it. WILLIAM: Thanks, Yvonne. 3 ROB: I dont know what to do! This computer program doesnt work and nobody knows how to fix it. JANICE: Oh! Ive just had a brainwave! The program we made last year is very similar to this one. We can use last years program and that will work OK. ROB: Yes, youre right! 4 BARBARA: We need a dessert for dinner. CHLO: I can make a cheesecake. BARBARA: Are you sure? I didnt know you could cook. CHLO: Dont worry. I can do it with my eyes shut. 5 GEORGIA: Oliver? You keep walking up and down. OLIVER: Sorry. GEORGIA: Youve got something on your mind. Do you want to talk about it? OLIVER: Yes, I think so. Its... 6 TEACHER: Eric, are you listening to me? ERIC: Er, sorry? TEACHER: Look, stop daydreaming at the back of the class and listen to me! 7 HARRIET: Did you hear that Gary won the city tennis tournament? SIMONE: Yes. He won every game 6-0, 6-0. Amazing. The newspaper said he was head and shoulders above the other players.

Chlo can make the cheesecake with her eyes shut because: a its very easy for her. b its a lot of fun. c she doesnt worry if she makes a mistake. If you have got something on your mind: a you move around a lot. b you are worried about something. c you are very quiet.

What does to daydream mean? a To have a nap. b To ignore somebody when they are speaking. c To dream when you are awake. Why was Gary head and shoulders above the other players? a He was taller than the other players. b He was much better than the other players. c He was lucky to win.

39

Do you have the same idioms in your language? Do you know any other idioms using sleep, mind or body words?
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

7
1
ANSWER KEY absolutely boiling enormous exhausted freezing impossible soaking

Helping out
6

TEACHERS NOTES

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar (page 42)


This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 57 of the Students Book.

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 59 of the Students Book. 1 Jennifer will study cooking if she has time. 2 Alan would be elected if he were/was more popular. 3 John would not have quit his job if he had liked his boss. 4 I will watch TV if I finish my homework. 5 He wouldnt tell the story if it werent/wasnt true. 6 If we hadnt checked the map, we would have got lost.

POSSIBLE ANSWERS

very hot big tired cold difficult wet

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 58 of the Students Book. Draw students attention to pre-industrial, ex-president and anti-terrorism, which all have hyphens.

Tune in to Reading (page 43)


This reviews the Tune in to Reading box on page 57 of the Students Book. It develops the students skills of identifying the main ideas of a text through using topic sentences. In addition, students receive further practice of two important skills: using their knowledge about the topic of a text to help them understand, and reading for specific information.

ANSWER KEY 1 2 3 4 supermarket pre-industrial unequal ex-president 5 6 7 8 international prehistoric microchip anti-terrorism

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 62 of the Students Book. 1 Education 2 polluted 3 Unemployment 4 discrimination 5 equal 6 environmentalists

ANSWER KEY

When trying to understand a text, students need lots of encouragement to use the knowledge they already have. This strategy suggests using word spiders to write down what they know about a topic as a way of organising their thoughts before reading. If students are having difficulties brainstorming environmental problems, encourage them to think about problems in their own local area. Also refer students back to the text on the Antarctic on page 56 of the Students Book.

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 59 of the Students Book. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ill call you later. theyll be in first place. she would have gone. she would be able to work in Mexico. he would not have interviewed me. it would solve the water shortage.

POSSIBLE ANSWERS ice melting in the Antarctic, global warming, contamination of water, industrial pollution, climate change, danger to ecosystems and wildlife, rising sea levels, flooding, oil pollution

ANSWER KEY

40

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 59 of the Students Book. 1 First conditional: sentences 1, 2 2 Second conditional: sentences 4, 6 3 Third conditional: sentences 3, 5

ANSWER KEY

This activity shows students the way that topic sentences can support understanding. Students can read the topic sentence and then predict the rest of the paragraph. Discuss students predictions as a class, but do not correct at this stage as they will next read the article to check their predictions. This activity further develops the skills practised in the Tune in to Reading worksheet for Unit 3 on page 19 of this Resource Book. Remember to ask the students to underline key words in the task before reading. Remind them of the use of capital letters as a way of quickly locating information in a text.

ANSWER KEY 1 False. Inefficient irrigation systems still consume enormous amounts of water. (lines 3-4) 2 True. The Aral Sea used to have a volume of 1,000km3 forty years ago, but now its volume is only 110km3. (lines 5-7) 3 False. The water is also being severely polluted by pesticides and fertilisers. (lines 9-10) 4 True. As the water has disappeared, ships have been abandoned, stuck on the dry sea bed. (lines 16-17) 5 True. diseases and conditions such as tuberculosis and anaemia are on the increase. (lines 20-21)

Tune in to Culture (page 45)


This Tune in to Culture page, Endangered species, deals with wildlife in Spain and the UK. Check the class understand the meaning of endangered species. This is an animal species, such as the rhino or tiger, of which few examples exist and which could disappear completely in a very short time.

Tune in to Writing (page 44)

Students work in pairs on a jigsaw reading looking at wildlife. Put the students in pairs. Cut the photocopies in half and give one half to each Student A and the other half to each Student B. Tell students that they are not allowed to look at each others papers. First ask students to read their gapped texts, and individually to write the five questions which will supply their missing information. Circulate among students and help them with the questions as necessary. Let students work in pairs to ask and answer questions to complete their texts. At the end of the exercise, let students compare their answers with the completed texts.

Students read the essay and put the paragraphs in the correct order.

ANSWER KEY 1c 2d 3b 4a

It is important to recognise words used for referencing such as it and this, which can sometimes refer back to a whole sentence or clause. Learning how to use these words can greatly improve students writing as well as their reading skills.

POSSIBLE ANSWERS Student A questions 1 Where does the red squirrel (mostly) live? 2 How long do they live? 3 Why is the red squirrel under threat from the grey squirrel? 4 What kills them?/What does the grey squirrel carry that kills the red squirrel? 5 Who began a programme to control the numbers of grey squirrels? Answer key 1 In Scotland. 2 About three years. 3 It is under threat because the grey squirrel eats all the food available. 4 A virus. 5 The British government. Student B questions 1 Where does the Iberian lynx live? 2 How much does it weigh? 3 What does it eat? 4 When did their numbers start to decline? 5 How many Iberian lynxes were born in captivity in Doana Park? Answer key 1 In central and south-western Spain. 2 9-13 kilos. 3 Rabbits. 4 In the 1950s. 5 Three.

ANSWER KEY 1 Laws against discrimination and sexual harassment 2 sexual harassment at work 3 the law 4 their own salary 5 Many people think that women are not discriminated against any more 6 there are still cases of sexual harassment at work

Students add punctuation to a text. Bullfighting to be banned in Catalonia On 22 June members of the Catalan parliament will vote on changing a law about cruelty to animals, which would ban bullfighting there. In response to a petition signed by half a million people, Barcelona declared that it was anti-bullfighting in 2004. Bullfighting fans made a group called Bullfighting defence platform. They want to encourage people to go to bullfights in the Monumental bullring.

MODEL ANSWER

41

7
1
absolutely

Helping out
Practise your grammar
First, second and third conditionals

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar


Practise your vocabulary
Extreme adjectives
Write the adjectives in the correct category: absolutely or very. big boiling cold difficult enormous exhausted freezing hot impossible soaking tired wet very

Match the if-clauses with the sentence endings. she would be able to work in Mexico. she would have gone. Ill call you later. theyll be in first place. it would solve the water shortage. he would not have interviewed me. 1 If I have enough time, ________________________________________ 2 If the team wins the game, ________________________________________ 3 If Charlotte had known about the party, ________________________________________ 4 If Angelica knew Spanish, ________________________________________ 5 If the reporter had not seen me, ________________________________________ 6 If it rained, ________________________________________

Prefixes

Use a prefix from the box to complete the words. anti 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ex inter micro pre super un

__________ market __________ industrial __________ equal __________ president __________ national __________ historic __________ chip __________ terrorism

Categorise the sentences in exercise 4. 1 First conditional _____ 2 Second conditional _____ 3 Third conditional _____ Write conditional sentences using the prompts. 1 Jennifer / study / cooking / if / she / have / time. (First conditional) ________________________________________ 2 Alan / be elected / if / he / be / more popular. (Second conditional) ________________________________________ 3 John / not / quit / his job / if / he / like / his boss. (Third conditional) ________________________________________ 4 I / watch / TV / if / I / finish / my homework. (First conditional) ________________________________________ 5 He / not tell / the story / if / it / not be / true. (Second conditional) ________________________________________ 6 If we / not check / the map / we / get / lost. (Third conditional) ________________________________________

Word building

42

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the word in brackets. 1 __________ is the most important issue today. (educate) 2 The river was __________, but now it is clean. (pollute) 3 __________ is very high: three million people dont have work. (employ) 4 It is important that immigrants find a country free of __________. (discriminate) 5 Women are fighting for __________ rights. (equality) 6 Nowadays, there are many _________ working to protect the Earth. (environment)

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

7
1

Helping out
Strategy 2: Using topic sentences
A topic sentence is the first sentence of a paragraph. When you have a complicated text, remember to read the topic sentences. These sentences can help you understand the rest of the paragraph.

Tune in to Reading
The chemical sea
Strategy 1: Using what you know
When you have a complicated text to read, first try to think about everything you already know about the topic. This is good preparation for reading. You are going to read a text about environmental pollution. Brainstorm all the words you know about environmental problems. Complete the word spider.

environmental problems

Read the topic sentences from the text below. What do you think the rest of each paragraph will be about? Paragraph one: The shrinking Aral Sea is a severe trouble spot in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan because of over-irrigation and pollution. Paragraph two: The water is also being severely polluted by pesticides and fertilisers. Paragraph three: The environmental crisis is quickly becoming a human crisis too. Now read the article and check your answers.

The chemical sea


5

10

15

The shrinking Aral Sea is a severe trouble spot in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan because of over-irrigation and pollution. Inefficient irrigation systems still consume enormous amounts of water which would once have reached the sea, but now do not. The Aral Sea used to have a volume of 3 1,000km3 forty years ago, but now its volume is only 110km . it than higher times seven is water the of The mineral content was four decades ago. The water is also being severely polluted by pesticides and fertilisers. Local farmers have been using these chemicals on farmland to help them grow cotton. Where the water has completely dried up, there is now an environmental nightmare. There are big areas of desert covered with large amounts of salt. The land is contaminated with toxic chemicals washed down from the farms on the rivers

20

upstream. As the water has disappeared, ships have been abandoned, stuck on the dry sea bed. The environmental crisis is quickly becoming a human crisis too. There is not enough food in the area so malnutrition is rife and diseases and conditions such as tuberculosis and anaemia are on the increase. In particular, throat cancer has become more common near the Aral Sea than anywhere else in the world.

Strategy 3: Finding specific information


Read the sentences carefully and then identify which part of the text has the answer. 43

Are the sentences true or false according to the article? Find evidence in the text to support your answers. 1 Because water is precious in the Aral Sea, local people try to protect the water supply. 2 The Aral Sea is getting smaller. 3 Local farmers have stopped using fertilisers and pesticides. 4 In some parts of the sea, ships can no longer sail because there is not enough water. 5 There are serious health problems developing in the area.

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

7
1

Helping out

Tune in to Writing
Describing problems
Order the paragraphs from 1-4.

Equal rights
a ___ In conclusion, there still remains work to do to overcome discrimination in the professional world. b ___ Laws against discrimination and sexual harassment exist, but many times 1they are ignored. If people were more aware of the laws against sexual harassment at work, 2it would soon disappear. The public needs to know the law and make sure that 3it is followed. c ___ Equal rights are important and in recent years laws have changed with respect to womens rights. No longer do women over eighteen have to have their husbands or fathers permission to have a job. Working women receive their own salary instead of 4it going straight to their husband or father. d ___ In spite of these advances, women still have to fight against discrimination. Many people think

that women are not discriminated against any more, but 5this is not true. In some shocking cases, married or pregnant women are not given jobs. Even worse, there are still cases of sexual harassment at work. In this day and age, 6this is unforgivable.

What do the words in bold in the text refer to? 1 they ____________________________________ 2 it ____________________________________ 3 it ____________________________________ 4 it ____________________________________ 5 this ____________________________________ 6 this ____________________________________ Punctuate and capitalise the paragraph from an essay. There are four sentences. bullfighting to be banned in catalonia on 22 june members of the catalan parliament will vote on changing a law about cruelty to animals which would ban bullfighting there in response to a petition signed by half a million people barcelona declared that it was antibullfighting in 2004 bullfighting fans made a group called bullfighting defence platform they want to encourage people to go to bullfights in the monumental bullring _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________

3
44

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

7
Student A

Helping out

Tune in to Culture
Endangered species

You are Student A. Read your text and prepare questions for Student B. Student A The red squirrel is an endangered species. In the UK they live mostly in 1________ (where). They are 19-23cm long and they live for about 2________ (how long). The species is under threat from the grey squirrel because 3____________________ (why). The grey squirrel also carries 4_________ (what) which kills them. In January 2006, 5_________ (who) began a programme to control the numbers of grey squirrels. Questions 1 ________________________________________ 2 ________________________________________ 3 ________________________________________ 4 ________________________________________ 5 ________________________________________

Be prepared to answer Student Bs questions about this text. The Iberian lynx is an endangered species that lives in central and south-western Spain. It weighs 9-13 kilos and usually lives in a combination of woodland and open pasture, where it eats rabbits. The lynxs numbers started to decline in the 1950s due to the spread of myxomatosis, a disease which killed populations of the lynxs principal food. But there is some good news. Recently, three Iberian lynxes were born in captivity in Doana Park. Now ask and answer questions with Student B. If you dont understand and need clarification, use these expressions: Can you explain that? Could you give me an example? What do you mean? Im sorry, I dont follow you. I dont understand.

Student B

You are Student B. Read your text and prepare questions for Student A. Student B The Iberian lynx is an endangered species that lives in 1__________ (where). It weighs 2_______ (how much) and usually lives in a combination of woodland and open pasture, where it eats 3______ (what). The lynxs numbers started to decline in 4______ (when) due to the spread of myxomatosis, a disease which killed populations of the lynxs principal food. But there is some good news. Recently 5_____ (how many) Iberian lynxes were born in captivity in Doana Park. Questions 1 ________________________________________ 2 ________________________________________ 3 ________________________________________ 4 ________________________________________ 5 ________________________________________ 45

Be prepared to answer Student As questions about this text. The red squirrel is an endangered species. In the UK it lives mostly in Scotland. They are 19-23cm long and they live for about three years. It is under threat from the grey squirrel because the grey squirrel eats all the food available. The grey squirrel also carries a virus which kills them. In January 2006, the British government began a programme to control the numbers of grey squirrels. Now ask and answer questions with Student A. If you dont understand and need clarification, use these expressions: Can you explain that? Could you give me an example? What do you mean? Im sorry, I dont follow you. I dont understand.
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

8
1
ANSWER KEY
1 2

Gadget crazy

TEACHERS NOTES

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar (page 48)


This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 65 of the Students Book.

Tune in to Reading (page 49)


This reviews the Tune in to Reading box on page 65 of the Students Book. It gives the students further practice of identifying the writers opinion in a text. Students need to become aware of the way that adjectives and adverbs combine to show the degree to which a writer feels positive or negative about things. There is one word that may cause problems for the students in this text: lap (line 16): lap in this context refers to a sports event. When runners are running a long race, they might run around the track several times. Each circuit of the track is a lap. It is also used to refer to the distance across a swimming pool when a swimmer has to swim it more than once

g t t e
4

s c r e s n

b a d g

r e c a r g e a b

e t

a d p h o n e
6

k e y b o

d o w n

l e

o a d r d

Before students complete this exercise, it might be useful to remind them that an adverb describes a verb or an adjective, and that they commonly end with -ly. Note that small enough in the first paragraph is an adverb-adjective pair (although enough in this case is the adverb and comes after the adjective). However, small enough does not give the writers opinion.

ANSWER KEY

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 71 of the Students Book. 1b 2c 3e 4d 5a

ANSWER KEY

absolutely amazing (lines 2-3) incredibly thin (line 3) absolutely fantastic (line 10)

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 67 of the Students Book. Students make passive verbs by correcting errors in two texts.

As well as adjectives and adverbs, writers use lots of phrases to show whether they feel positive or negative.

ANSWER KEY 1 Positive: This makes the nano ideal for (lines 11-12) 2 Positive: What also makes the nano a real winner for (lines 14-16) 3 Negative: which is not the most imaginative selection. (line 21) 4 Positive: Having said that, all are enjoyable games. (lines 21-22) 5 Negative: although the screen is pretty small, (line 23) 6 Positive: images are sharp and perfectly clear. (lines 23-24) 7 Negative: The nano may not have a voice recorder, (line 27) 8 Positive: but the lack of that feature does not in any way take away from its superb quality. (lines 27-28)

ANSWER KEY 1 has been designed 2 can be twisted 3 can be worn 4 has been developed 5 was designed 6 is touched

4
46

Students rewrite sentences in the active voice. 1 W.K. Kellogg invented cornflakes in 1894. 2 Department stores around the world sell MP3 players. 3 Willis Carrier invented air conditioning in 1902. 4 Even small children can use the new computers. 5 Our scientists are developing better camera phones.

ANSWER KEY

Finally, students need to notice referring devices in texts since writers use these to compare and contrast opinions. Encourage students to make notes of how the words and phrases are used, so that they can use them in their own writing.

ANSWER KEY 1d In fact, is used here to emphasise the previous opinion. 2a Moreover, is used here to give additional positive information. 3e Having said that, is used here to contrast with the previous negative sentence. 4b Although is used here to contrast a negative and positive opinion. 5c but the lack of that is used here to contrast with the previous negative sentence.

Tune in to Writing (page 50)


This reviews the Writing section on pages 70-71 of the Students Book. It further develops the skill of writing a descriptive essay.

Students read the advertisement for a gadget and decide how to divide the text into three paragraphs.

ANSWER KEY Paragraph 1: description A new product that will make your life easier and more pleasant has just been invented! This product is called the digital camera pod. It is a tiny metal support for a digital camera. It is small and easily fits into your pocket or purse. Paragraph 2: how you use it It can be mounted on top of a bottle, on a window or any flat surface. If you use a bottle, put some liquid inside to act as a counter-balance to the digital camera. Paragraph 3: how is life going to be better with the product? Its ease of use, durability and style make it ideal for novice photographers, students or even professionals. This clever device can be used to take self-portraits, night photographs and spontaneous photos.

Students read a paragraph from a descriptive essay and choose the correct words to complete the text.

ANSWER KEY 1 fantastic, new 2 most 3 easier 4 useful 5 best 6 its

Tune in to Culture (page 51)


This Tune in to Culture page, Inventors and their inventions, helps students use the passive voice and talk about inventors in Spain and the UK.

1&2 Students work in pairs to exchange information on


inventors. The questions and the two texts on inventors include further practice on forming active and passive sentences, reviewing this units grammar focus. If your class have problems with the passive or with forming questions, you may wish to put the questions 1-5 on the board before the students complete the information exchange exercise.

ANSWER KEY 1 2 3 4 5 What was the invention? When was it invented? Who was it invented by? What nationality was the inventor? When did he die?

47

Students work in pairs to complete the table. If students are confused by any of the information, encourage their partners to spell the words for them.

ANSWER KEY Invention Year Inventor Nationality Date of death Student A submarine 1859 Narcis Spanish 1885 Monturiol Student B television 1926 John Logie Scottish 1946 Baird Extra details Inspired Jules Vernes Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea He also demonstrated the first colour TV transmission in 1928

8
Technology

Gadget crazy
Practise your grammar
The passive voice

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar


Practise your vocabulary

Read the clues and complete the crossword.


1 2 4 5

Rewrite the verbs in bold in the passive voice.

Nokia 888 phone It 1has designed by a Turkish student called Tamer Nakisci. It includes a malleable interface. The phone 2can twist into many shapes. This means it 3can wear on the wrist like a watch. Toyota Citizen Key/Watch In Japan, a watch that is also a key for the Toyota Crown car 4has developed by Toyota. The gadget, which 5designed by both Toyota and the watch company Citizen, looks like an ordinary watch. If the car door handle 6touched by someone who is wearing the watch, it opens automatically.

Across 2 a small device that produces electricity 3 you put these in your ears to listen to music 7 a verb that means to take information, songs or pictures from a web page Down 1 a small mechanical device, which does a particular job 4 an adjective that describes something that can be charged more than once 5 the part of a computer where you can see words, web pages and pictures 6 the part of a computer that has buttons with letters and numbers that you control with your fingers

1 2 3 4 5 6

________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________

Adjective order

2
48

Match the sentence halves. 1 I need some new, 2 Ive got a new, metallic 3 Al bought an ugly, green 4 How much does this small, 5 What do you think of this a b c d e black metal suitcase? red leather shoes. screen for my computer. round ball cost? cotton jacket at the sales.

Rewrite the sentences in the active voice. 1 Cornflakes were invented by W.K. Kellogg in 1894. ________________________________________ 2 MP3 players are sold in department stores around the world. ________________________________________ 3 Air conditioning was invented by Willis Carrier in 1902. ________________________________________ 4 The new computers can be used even by small children. ________________________________________ 5 Better camera phones are being developed by our scientists. ________________________________________

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

8
iPod nano

Gadget crazy

Tune in to Reading
Strategy 1: Identifying adverb and adjective pairs
Writers use adverbs and adjectives to show their opinions. It can be useful to pick these words out of a text and decide whether they are positive or negative. The adverbs and adjectives are often used together in pairs, for example, incredibly interesting.

Read the first paragraph of the text and find adverb and adjective pairs used to give opinions.

iPod nano (2GB or 4GB)


The iPod nano, the latest mp3 player from Apple, is absolutely amazing. It is incredibly thin and small enough to fit into your jeans pocket. However, small size doesnt 5 mean small memory. The memory capacity (2GB or 4GB) allows you to store 500 or 1,000 songs respectively. No sound quality has been lost 10 either. In fact, the nanos sound quality is absolutely fantastic. The nano has no movable parts inside. This, combined with its size, makes the nano ideal for those who want to use it while working out at the gym. You can run or jump around and your sounds will not be affected. What also makes the nano a real 15 winner for the fitness fan is its stopwatch for timing exercise routines. Theres also a lap timer for you to record your times. Moreover, the nano will even tell you your shortest, longest and average lap times. What about the nanos other features? The games Brick, 20 Music Quiz, Parachute and Solitaire are included as standard, which is not the most imaginative selection. Having said that, all are enjoyable games. The nano plays both photos and video on its colour screen and, although the screen is pretty small, images are sharp and perfectly clear. Finally, the battery should provide 25 you with 14 hours of playing time and will fast charge to 80% capacity in only 1.5 hours. The nano may not have a voice recorder, but the lack of that feature does not in any way take away from its superb quality. The nano has not been around long, but it has already 30 established itself as the one the others have to beat!

Strategy 2: Opinion phrases


Another clue to the writers opinion is the way in which the writer uses certain phrases.

Strategy 3: Referring devices


Writers use referring devices like although to show contrast or to emphasise opinions. Look out for them as you read and see how they are being used.

Look at the phrases from the text and decide whether they are positive or negative. Find evidence for your decision. 1 This, combined with its size, makes the nano ideal for those who want to use it while working out at the gym. (lines 11-13) 2 What also makes the nano a real winner for the fitness fan is its stopwatch for timing exercise routines. (lines 14-16) 3 which is not the most imaginative selection. (line 21) 4 Having said that, all are enjoyable games. (lines 21-22) 5 although the screen is pretty small, (line 23) 6 images are sharp and perfectly clear. (lines 23-24) 7 The nano may not have a voice recorder, (line 27) 8 but the lack of that feature does not in any way take away from its superb quality. (lines 27-28)

Match the two parts of the sentences. Then check your answers in the text. The referring device is in bold. 1 No sound quality has been lost either. 2 Theres also a lap timer for you to record your times. 3 The games Brick, Music Quiz, Parachute and Solitaire are included as standard, which is not the most imaginative selection. 4 Although the screen is pretty small, 5 The nano may not have a voice recorder, a Moreover, the nano will even tell you your shortest, longest and average lap times. b images are sharp and perfectly clear. c but the lack of that feature does not in any way take away from its superb quality. d In fact, the nanos sound quality is absolutely fantastic. e Having said that, they all are enjoyable games.

49

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

8
1

Gadget crazy

Tune in to Writing
A descriptive essay
Divide this text into three paragraphs according to the categories. Paragraph 1 description Paragraph 2 how you use it Paragraph 3 how is life going to be better with the product?

A new product that will make your life easier and more pleasant has just been invented! This product is called the digital camera pod. It is a tiny metal support for a digital camera. It is small and easily fits into your pocket or purse. It can be mounted on top of a bottle, on a window or any flat surface. If you use a bottle, put some liquid inside to act as a counter-balance to the digital camera. Its ease of use, durability and style make it ideal for novice photographers, students or even professionals. This clever device can be used to take selfportraits, night photographs and spontaneous photos.

Amy has just bought a digital camera pod. Choose the correct words to complete her text.

I just love my 1new fantastic / fantastic new digital camera pod. It has made taking the 2more / most beautiful pictures much 3easy / easier. Its really 4 useful / usefull and I have taken some great pictures using it. The 5best / better thing is that 6its / its now easy to take pictures of me and my friends together!
50

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

8
Student A

Gadget crazy

Tune in to Culture
Inventors and their inventions

You are Student A. Read your text about an inventor.

The inventor Narcis Monturiol was born in 1819 in Figueres, Catalonia and died in 1885. He developed a completely operational submarine in 1859 which was named Ictneo and had very successful trial runs in that year. The submarine in Jules Vernes novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea was modelled on Monturiols invention.

Your partner has information about a different inventor. Prepare questions from the prompts to ask Student B. 1 What / invention? __________________________________________________________________________ 2 When / invented? __________________________________________________________________________ 3 Who / invented by?_________________________________________________________________________ 4 What nationality / inventor?__________________________________________________________________ 5 When / die? _______________________________________________________________________________ Do you know any more details? 6 Do / know / more details? ___________________________________________________________________ Invention Student B Year Inventor Nationality Date of death Extra details

Ask your partner the questions to complete the table.

Student B

You are Student B. Read your text about an inventor.

John Logie Baird was born in Scotland in 1888. He is famous for being one of the inventors of television. The first demonstration of moving images was given by Baird in London in 1926. The first colour transmission was also demonstrated by Baird in 1928 and he invented the first big screen television. He died in 1946.

Your partner has information about a different inventor. Prepare questions from the prompts to ask Student A. 1 What / invention? __________________________________________________________________________ 2 When / invented? __________________________________________________________________________ 3 Who / invented by?_________________________________________________________________________ 4 What nationality / inventor?__________________________________________________________________ 5 When / die? _______________________________________________________________________________ Do you know any more details? 6 Do / know / more details? ___________________________________________________________________ Invention Student A Year Inventor Nationality Date of death Extra details 51

Ask your partner the questions to complete the table.

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

9
1
ANSWER KEY 1 made 2 taking

Play time!

TEACHERS NOTES

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar (page 54)


This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 76 of the Students Book. 3 made 4 made 5 took 6 Take

Tune in to Reading (page 55)


This reviews the Tune in to Reading box on page 72 of the Students Book. It further develops the skills of reading spoken language by raising students awareness of features such as contractions and idioms. Students also need to use stage instructions to help them interpret the meaning of the lines.

This exercise reviews the Vocabulary box on page 74 of the Students Book. Students may not have encountered the grammatical term particle before. This is the part of the phrasal verb after the main verb, e.g. up in give up or off in take off. 1 2 3 4 called off carry on come back put off 5 look into 6 figure out 7 give up

When reading a play script, students need to be able to use the stage instructions to help them understand the text. The stage instructions can show how the speaker is feeling and how the speaker will say the line. You can ask students to act out the play using the stage instructions to help them practise.

ANSWER KEY

ANSWER KEY 1 describing emotions: pleased, enthusiastic, impressed, amused, embarrassed 2 describing things that you do with your voice: coughs, pause, stutters, quickly, laughing

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 75 of the Students Book. 1 said 2 says 3 told 4 told 5 said 6 told

ANSWER KEY

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 75 of the Students Book.

Spoken English is often more idiomatic than written English. Idiomatic expressions can cause students lots of problems since they are not literal. Also, because they generally exist as phrases, they can be hard to spot in a text. Point out these aspects when reading play scripts and ask the students to suggest alternative ways of saying the idioms.

ANSWER KEY 1 He asked me where I was going on holiday. 2 He asked me how long I was going to be away. 3 He asked me what time the flight was. 4 He asked me how much the flight had cost. 5 He asked me if I was going with my family. 6 He asked me when I would be coming back.

ANSWER KEY 1 How are things? 2 lucky you. 3 I bet. 4 Carry on 5 sort it out

5
52

This exercise reviews the Grammar box on page 75 of the Students Book. 1 asked 2 suggested 3 warned 4 ordered

ANSWER KEY

Students often believe that spoken English is more informal than written English. However, this is not necessarily true and there are various degrees of formality in spoken language. You can ask the students to find examples of different degrees of formality in texts and ask them to transform them into more or less formal equivalents.

ANSWER KEY Formal: 1you must be; 4Would you like me to; 7please do; 9I would like to do; 11would you like to follow me? Informal: 2yeah; 3Im; 5Thanks a lot; 6can I get; 8thats right; 10Thats brilliant; 12Sure.

Tune in to Writing (page 56)

Tune in to Culture (page 57)


This Tune in to Culture page, Lets go to the cinema!, deals with films.

This reviews the language taught on page 77 of the Students Book. Students read the script and find the errors.

ANSWER KEY 1 2 3 4 5 6 Im fed up with taking my things without asking Shes so inconsiderate. its not fair Shes really childish. Take my advice.

Students work in pairs on a jigsaw reading looking at films. Put the students in pairs. Cut the photocopies in half and give one half to each Student A and the other half to each Student B. Tell students that they are not allowed to look at each others papers. First, students individually write the questions which will answer their missing information. You might want to check that students have the correct questions before they start the information exchange on King Kong and Girl with a Pearl Earring. Then they work in pairs to ask and answer the questions. At the end of the exercise let students compare their answers with the texts.

Students act out the script in pairs. Encourage the students to use as much emotion in their performance as possible. Students write a script using the first script as a model. Mark has become tired of living with Ben and his bad habits. Nancy needs to be supportive of Mark. Encourage students also to use language that they have learnt on page 77 of the Students Book.

ANSWER KEY 1 2 3 4 5 6 What is the name of the film? Who is the director? Who are the main characters? Where is the film set? What is the film about? What is the best scene?

MODEL ANSWER MARK: I cant stand it anymore! NANCY: Is there a problem? MARK: Its Ben. He plays really loud music late at night and he also spends hours talking on the phone. NANCY: Hes very selfish. MARK: He also spends hours in the bathroom in the morning and he never does the washing up. Its not fair! NANCY: Hes really childish. MARK: And recently he has started wearing my clothes. It drives me mad! NANCY: Oh no! Hes so inconsiderate. MARK: I think I need to get a new flatmate. NANCY: I think so, too.

53

9
1

Play time!
Reporting questions

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar


Practise your vocabulary make or take?
Choose the correct option in each sentence. 1 Josh made / took paella for dinner last night. He used his mothers recipe. 2 Marianne is making / taking the train to London. 3 I made / took too many mistakes in the exam. 4 Helen made / took Alice mad when she insulted her. 5 It made / took me a week to finish the project. 6 Make / Take my advice. Go to Greece for your holiday.

Rewrite the questions in reported speech.

Phrasal verbs

All of the phrasal verb particles (off, to, etc.) are wrong in these sentences. Write the correct particle in the gap. 1 The students were very happy when the teacher called on the exam. (cancel) _____ 2 The passenger asked the driver to carry off. (continue) _____ 3 Ive missed Sam since she left our school and I want her to come to. (return) _____ 4 I had to put over my dentist appointment to next week. (postpone) _____ 5 The workers decided to look about the problem. (investigate) _____ 6 I couldnt figure up the puzzle. (understand) _____ 7 All of my family have decided to give over watching TV during meal times. (stop) _____

1 Where are you going on holiday? He asked me ____________________________ 2 How long are you going to be away? He asked me ____________________________ 3 What time is the flight? He asked me ____________________________ 4 How much did the flight cost? He asked me ____________________________ 5 Are you going with your family? He asked me ____________________________ 6 When will you be coming back? He asked me ____________________________

Practise your grammar


Reporting statements

Reporting verbs

54

Complete the sentences with the correct form of say or tell. 1 Alice _______ that she was going to do her homework later. 2 Jane ______ she always says hello to the bus driver. 3 I ______ him that we didnt have time to do the shopping. 4 Alex _______ Tom to pick him up at eight oclock. 5 Ronald _______ that he didnt understand the lesson. 6 We _______ the children to be quiet.

Complete each sentence with a reporting verb from the box. suggested warned ordered asked

1 Have you ever been in a play? He _______ if she had ever been in a play. 2 I think you should study Medicine. Her teacher _______ that she studied Medicine. 3 Be careful when you are swimming because there are jellyfish in the water. The lifeguard _______ us there were jellyfish in the water. 4 Listen everybody! The captain _______ everybody to listen.

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

9
Play time!

Play time!
Strategy 2: Identifying idioms
An idiom is a phrase that exists in one language, but cannot be translated directly into another language. Spoken English uses lots of idioms. When you have a script to read, try to recognise idioms and guess what they mean in the context.

Tune in to Reading
Strategy 1: Using stage directions
Sometimes you read spoken English in scripts for plays and screenplays for films.

Read the dialogue from a radio script and look at the stage directions in brackets. Put the stage directions in two groups: 1 describing emotions 2 describing things that you do with your voice.

(Scene: Karen and Will are speaking on the phone.) Karen: Hi, Will. Its me, Karen. Will: (Pleased.) Hi, Karen. How are things? Karen: Great. I just wanted to tell you about the party last night. Will: Oh yeah, it was your sisters birthday party, wasnt it? Karen: (Enthusiastic.) Yeah. The party was great. We all went to a restaurant: The Ivy. Will: (Impressed.) Wow, lucky you. Its supposed to be great. What was the food like? Karen: Brilliant. Absolutely amazing. The ice cream birthday cake was incredible. Will: I bet. (Coughs.) Actually, I was thinking... Karen: Yeah, what? Will: (Pause.) Erm.... Karen: (Amused.) Yeah, what, Will? Carry on with what you were saying! Will: (Stutters.) Well, about The Ivy. Its just Ive always really wanted to go there. (Embarrassed.) So I was sort of wondering... erm Karen: What? Will: (Quickly.) Erm, if youd like to go there with me. Karen: Wow. Yeah. Id like to. Will: Really? Oh great. Karen: (Laughing.) Lets sort it out at school tomorrow. Will: Yeah, brilliant. See you tomorrow. Karen: Yeah, see you tomorrow.

Find idioms in the script in exercise 1 that mean the same as the following. 1 How are you? 2 You are very fortunate. 3 I am sure that is true. 4 Continue. 5 Organise it.

Strategy 3: Features of spoken English


Spoken English is not necessarily more informal than written English.

Read the conversation below and decide if the words in bold are examples of formal or informal language.

(Scene: In a dentists waiting room. A nervous-looking teenage girl is sitting waiting. She is holding her coat on her lap. The dentist enters: she is a woman in her forties.) Dentist: Hello, 1you must be Helen. Helen: Er, 2yeah, 3Im Helen. Dentist: 4Would you like me to take your coat? Helen: 5Thanks a lot. Er, 6can I get a drink of water? Dentist: Yes, 7please do. Now make yourself comfortable. This is your first visit to me, I think, Helen. Is that correct? Helen: Er, yeah, 8thats right. Dentist: Good. Well, today all 9I would like to do is take a quick look at your teeth and see if any work needs to be done. Therell be no injections or drills today, I promise. OK? Helen: (With relief.) Oh, great. 10Thats brilliant. Dentist: Right, 11would you like to follow me? Helen: 12Sure.

55

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

9
A script

Play time!

Tune in to Writing
1
Read the script and correct the mistakes.
feed up with Kathy. Why? Whats the matter? You know we share a flat. Yeah. Well, Shes always 2taking my things without ask. She goes into my room and takes my clothes, my CDs, my shampoo, whatever she wants! 3Shes so unconsiderate! :I told her to stop doing it because 4its not fare. I dont take her things. Good for you. But then she started shouting at me. She even started crying! Oh no! 5Shes really child. I dont know what to do, John. 6Make my advice. Look for another flatmate or look for another flat.
1Im

Sally: John: Sally: John: Sally: John: Sally: John: Sally: John: Sally: John:

2 3

Read the script aloud in pairs. Remember that Sally is angry. Work in pairs. Write a script following the model in exercise 1. Mark is unhappy living with his flatmate Ben. He complains about Ben to his friend Nancy. Use the pictures to help you.

56

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

9
Student A

Play time!

Tune in to Culture
Lets go to the cinema!

You are Student A. Read your text about a film.

Film A King Kong (2005)

Peter Jackson Actors: Naomi Watts, Jack Black and Adrien Brody Setting: New York and Skull Island, 1933 Plot: A film director (Jack Black) and some actors go to make a film on Skull Island.There they are attacked by a dangerous tribe who take the films main actress (Naomi Watts) prisoner.The tribe then take her to be sacrificed to a giant ape, King Kong. But instead of killing her, King Kong takes the girl and disappears into the jungle. The film director and his crew rescue the girl and discover King Kong. Romance develops between a scriptwriter (Adrien Brody) and the actress. King Kong is captured and taken to New York where he is shown to the public in a theatre. But King Kong escapes and nearly destroys New York. The best scene: The best scene is when King Kong is attacked by planes on top of the Empire State Building.
2
Complete questions 1-6. Student B has information about a different film. Ask Student B the questions. 4 Where ______________________________ set? 1 ______________ name ______________ film? 5 What ____________________________ about? 2 _______________________________ director? 6 _____________________________ best scene? 3 _________________________ main characters?

Director:

Student B

You are Student B. Read your text about a film.

Film B Girl with a Pearl Earring (2003) Director:

Peter Webber Actors: Scarlett Johansson, Colin Firth and Tom Wilkinson Setting: Delft, Holland, 1665 Plot: A young girl called Griet (Scarlett Johansson) becomes a maid in the painter Johannes Vermeers home.Vermeer (Colin Firth) lives in a house with his wife and lots of children. Because she understands art and colour,Vermeer finds a friend in Griet. He teaches her to mix his paints and she begins to appreciate his paintings. When one of Vermeers customers asks for a painting of Griet, he has to paint her secretly because of his jealous wife. When his wife finally sees the painting, she is furious because Griet is wearing her pearl earrings in the painting. The best scene: The best scene is when Griet is posing for the painting Girl with a Pearl Earring.
Complete questions 1-6. Student A has information about a different film. Ask Student A the questions. 4 Where ______________________________ set? 1 ______________ name ______________ film? 5 What ____________________________ about? 2 _______________________________ director? 6 _____________________________ best scene? 3 _________________________ main characters?
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

57

1
15 points
1

Unit Test
5 points
4

Name:

Vocabulary & Grammar


Pastimes and adjectives
Identify the odd word out in each group. Example: going shopping collecting stamps doing sport average-looking 1 friendly always secure rational 2 handsome attractive thin mature 3 organised fun reliable plump 4 illegal unfriendly patient irresponsible 5 arguing with my parents visiting internet cafs listening to music sending text messages Total _____/ 5

Reading
Read the text and choose the correct answers. 1 In the first episode of Friends, Rachel a doesnt mind the thought of getting married. b hates the thought of getting married. 2 In the next two episodes the characters are in their apartments a spending time with each other. b doing lots of work. 3 According to the text, Phoebe a didnt always make sensible decisions. b was beautiful and attractive. 4 According to the text, you a could trust Ross in relationships. b couldnt trust Ross in relationships. 5 At the end of Friends a all of the characters live in New York City. b some of the characters dont live in New York City any more. Total _____/ 5

Adverbs of frequency

Put the adverbs of frequency in the correct position in the sentences. never Example: I __________ go out __________ on a Monday night. (never) 1 I __________ go__________ shopping at the weekend. (occasionally) 2 My mum __________ is __________ at work during the day. (always) 3 My cat __________ eats __________ fresh fish. (normally) 4 My brothers __________ are __________ at home on a Saturday. (rarely) 5 I __________ can __________ go climbing if the weather is good. (usually) Total _____/ 5

Ill be there for you!


Thats the song that started each episode of Friends. For 10 years, millions of fans followed the lives of Rachel, Ross, Monica, Phoebe, Chandler and Joey. In the first episode, aired on NBC television in 1994, Rachel leaves her fianc at the church. She says she cant stand the idea of marrying. She moves in with Monica, but finds out that life is hard without her Daddys financial help. In Episodes 2 and 3 we see the characters at home, watching TV and just hanging out. Monica cleans everything to impress her parents, Phoebe receives money from her bank thats not hers and Chandler starts smoking again. We also learn that Ross really likes Rachel, but cant tell her. Over the years audiences learnt that each character had a very particular personality. Rachel was the most glamorous, while Phoebe was fun, friendly and sometimes irrational. Ross was unreliable in relationships and his sister Monica was too organised and a bit obsessive. Chandler was the handsome, sarcastic guy and Joey was nice, but not very intelligent. In 2004 the programme finished in the US. In the last episode Ross and Rachel finally get together. Chandler and Monica have twins and name them Erica and Jack and then they move to the suburbs together.

Present Simple and Present Continuous

58

Tick () the correct sentences. Rewrite the incorrect sentences. Example: I am having two pet snakes. I have two pet snakes. ________________________________________ 1 My cousins are Italian. ________________________________________ 2 Our class do exams this week. ________________________________________ 3 I am not understanding our maths homework. ________________________________________ 4 Be quiet! I watch television. ________________________________________ 5 Do you know the name of this programme? ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

2
15 points
Sports

Unit Test
3
finish

Name:

Vocabulary & Grammar

Past Simple and Past Perfect


Complete the sentences with verbs in the box. climb meet begin tell run

Complete the sentences with the name of a sport. Example: My sister loves going _______________. skateboarding She bought an expensive skateboard and she practises a lot. 1 I go _______________ every day. There is an Olympic-sized pool near my house. 2 I am the goalkeeper in our school _______________ team. 3 _______________ is an important sport at our school. We have a big track, and lots of people go to watch the competitions. 4 I am going _______________ this weekend. My horses name is Juanes. 5 I have got a really expensive bike because I love going _______________. Total _____/ 5

1 2 3 4 5

had begun Example: The match _______________ by the time we arrived. His face was red because he _______________ home. I knew Jane. We _______________ before. He knew the news because Bob _______________ him the day before. Dan _______________ the exercise first because he had started before everyone else. Katrin showed me the photographs of when she _______________ the mountain. Total _____/ 5

Reading
5 points
4
Read the text and answer the questions. 1 Does the writer go climbing a lot now? ________________________________________ 2 When did it start to rain? ________________________________________ 3 What did the writers family use to tell her? ________________________________________ 4 When did the writer fall? ________________________________________ 5 What had John done before the writer jumped? ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

Past Simple and Past Continuous

Tick () the correct sentences. Rewrite the incorrect sentences. Example: We went to the football match and then we were having dinner. We went to the football match and ________________________________________ then we had dinner ________________________________________ 1 I finished my homework and I played a game of chess. ________________________________________ 2 As I played chess, the phone rang. ________________________________________ 3 While I was talking on the phone, my mum arrived home. ________________________________________ 4 My mum arrived home and then she was phoning a friend. ________________________________________ 5 Steve broke his leg when he played football. ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

A climbing accident
When I was younger I used to go climbing a lot. It was fantastic. My friends used to plan long holidays and we always went to the mountains together. One day something terrible happened. We took a train and went to Wales. We met a group of climbers there. We were walking in the mountains, when it started to rain. My parents had always warned me never to climb when it was raining. The other climbers shouted, lets go back! But I wanted to continue, so I ran ahead of the group. Everybody else went back, except my best friend John and I. We climbed onto a rock. There was another rock nearby. It didnt look very risky, so I did something really stupid. I decided to jump from one rock to the other. As I was running to jump off the rock, I fell. John had shouted to warn me that it wasnt safe, but I didnt listen to him. I was in hospital for four months with a broken leg. I felt so stupid about the accident.

59

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

3
15 points
1

Unit Test
5 points
4

Name:

Vocabulary & Grammar


Phrasal verbs
Complete the phrasal verbs with the correct particle. Example: The room was very hot, so I took off ____________ my jacket. 1 She saw a spider and she ran ____________ of the room. 2 I hate getting ____________ early in the morning. 3 When the teacher came ____________ to the room, all the students were shouting. 4 I fell ____________ my bike and I hurt my arm. 5 We usually set ____________ early when we go on holiday. Total _____/ 5

Reading
Read the text. Are the sentences true or false? Find evidence in the text to support your answers. 1 The writer wanted to learn more English because it was important for her career. ________________________________________ 2 The writer has family in Ireland. ________________________________________ 3 When she left her country, the writer was unhappy about going to Ireland. ________________________________________ 4 The writer found the customers conversations useful. ________________________________________ 5 The writer hated going out dancing in the evenings. ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

Present Perfect Simple and Past Simple

Choose the correct option to complete the sentences. 1 Glenda has never been / never went to Brazil. Shes going next year. 2 Johns a very good friend. I have known / knew him for ten years. 3 I have been / went to Mexico in 2003. 4 Have you ever spoken / Did you ever speak to a famous person? 5 Richard has visited / visited us last week. Total _____/ 5

My days in Dublin
After school I decided to study Marketing and Languages at university. Before I went to university, I decided to take a gap year abroad. I wanted to improve my English because its an important part of my course, so I decided to go to Ireland because I have some relatives in Dublin. I had never been away from home before so when the plane took off, I was very nervous. But I was also looking forward to a new adventure. I went to English classes during the day and worked as a waitress at night. I learnt a lot: talking to the customers and listening to their discussions. But when people spoke to me very fast, I couldnt understand what they were saying. At the weekends, I spent time with my cousins and my new friends. We went to bookshops, clothes shops and record shops in the city centre. At night we went out dancing. It was terrific. I have just come back and I recommend this experience to everybody. Ive seen interesting places, Ive made new friends and Ive learnt lots of English too!

Present Perfect Simple and Continuous

Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets.

1 2 3 60 4 5

Example: My French is good because I have been learning it for five years. (learn) __________________ I __________________ this book before. (read) Im tired because I __________________ all morning. (ski) Louise doesnt want to go to the cinema because she __________________ the film before. (see) How long __________________ you __________________ football so far? (play) They __________________ in the kitchen for four hours! (cook) Total _____/ 5

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

4
15 points
1

Unit Test
5 points
4

Name:

Vocabulary & Grammar


Compound nouns
Order the letters to form compound nouns. Example: Fbotolal is a very popular sport. Football _______________ 1 Snseuglssa protect your eyes on the beach. _______________ 2 You can normally send messages or make calls using a clelenoph. _______________ 3 A bckackpa is a bag you take on holiday. _______________ 4 An arliien is a company that provides flights. _______________ 5 Someone who likes doing dangerous things is a ddvlreeai. _______________ Total _____/ 5

Reading
Read the text and answer the questions. 1 Which of the following sentences summarises the text best? (2 points) a Lauras father has a great job. She wants to do a difficult job and shell work for free. Her teacher says shes also going to study IT. b Lauras fathers job is good, but shes going to do something different. It wont be easy, so shes going to study a lot and work for free. Her teacher thinks shell be successful. c Lauras father wants her to be a film director, so shes going to film school. Shes also going to work with computers and her teacher is going to help her. 2 Complete the following sentences. (1 point each) 1 Laura is going to be a film director because ______________________________. 2 Laura is going to work for free because ______________________________________. 3 Laura is going to study IT because ______________________________________. Total _____/ 5

Future forms: will, going to, Present Continuous

Choose the correct option in each sentence. 1 Its my birthday tomorrow. I am going to have / am having a party at 10 p.m. in my house. All my friends are coming. 2 I dont know where to go on holiday, but I think I will go / am going to go to Italy. 3 He has bought blue paint because he will paint / is going to paint his room this week. 4 Im late. Its two oclock and I am going to meet / am meeting my friends at 2.15 at the park. 5 Oh no! The bus is late. I think I will get / am getting the train instead. Total _____/ 5

Lauras future
What will you do in the future? Will you be a shopkeeper or a salesperson, a film director or a firefighter? We asked fifteen-year-old Laura what she is going to do in the future. She told us, My father is a lorry driver, which is a good job because he has seen a lot of countries. But Im going to be a film director. I love writing and I study photography at school, so I think it could be a great job. I know it will be difficult to find work as a film director. Im going to learn about writing and directing at a film school and then Im going to work for free at a film studio. I think this is the best way to start a film career, Laura explained. She also said she thinks that people will be making more films on computers in the near future, so shes going to study Information Technology. We asked Lauras teacher about her plans. Ms Waters told us, Laura is a great student. Im sure that by the time shes thirty, she will have directed at least one film.

Future forms: will, Future Perfect, Future Continuous

Tick () the correct sentences. Rewrite the incorrect sentences. Example: Ill start my IT course by May. Ill have started my IT course by May. ________________ 1 In five years time, Ill have more money. ________________________________________ 2 This time tomorrow night, Ill be sleeping. ________________________________________ 3 By 2020, youll be travelling the world. ________________________________________ 4 Ill be having more time next year. ________________________________________ 5 By ten oclock, the film will finish. ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

61

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

5
15 points
1
1 2 3 4 5

Unit Test
5 points
4

Name:

Vocabulary & Grammar


Adjectives ending in -ed and -ing
Complete the sentences using a word from the box and adding -ed or -ing. frighten depress relax interest bore excite Example: My job is stressful. But after work I relaxed do tai chi and I feel totally _________. Im so _________. Its my birthday tomorrow and Im having a big party. My brother gets nightmares from horror films because theyre _________. I am really _________ in science fiction novels. I read them all the time. When my dog died I was really _________. The film was _________. My dad fell asleep! Total _____/ 5

Reading
Read the text and choose the correct answers. 1 The first paragraph talks about a the history of libraries. b examples of different digital libraries. c the history of digital libraries. 2 The second paragraph talks about a the advantages and disadvantages of a digital library. b how much digital libraries cost. c how digital libraries work. 3 The third paragraph talks about a which governments pay for digital libraries. b how digital libraries make or receive money. c how to advertise on a digital library. 4 Whats the meaning of take after in the first line? a To do what your parents say. b To ask someone in your family questions. c To be similar in appearance or character to an older member of your family. 5 Whats the meaning of take off in the last sentence? a To become successful. b To become expensive. c To leave the ground. Total _____/ 5

About books

Correct the spelling mistakes in the sentences. 1 A person who writes a book is an autor. 2 The seting is where a story happens. 3 A description on the back of a book is a blur. 4 The most important female character in a story is normally the heroina. 5 The enemy of the hero in a book is the villan. Total_____/ 5

Digital libraries
You may take after your parents and read the same books or visit the same libraries as they did. But maybe youll use a digital library to get your stories. Internet sites like Google and Million Book Project have been producing e-books for a while. Project Gutenberg and many universities have also been making books available on the internet since 1971. You can use a digital library in different ways. You can type a line from any chapter of a book. You will then get a list of all the books that have this line, or something similar. Or you can search for books by author, title or subject. With older books, its often possible to read the whole book. But with more recent books, sometimes you can only read a paragraph or a page for free and you need to pay a fee for the rest of the book. Digital libraries which are free often contain books from university libraries. They usually receive money from the government or from a private institution. Other digital libraries which charge a small fee are businesses. They make money through advertising. They show adverts relating to what you are looking for. Although they are just beginning, digital libraries are starting to take off as more and more people encounter them online.

Relative clauses

62

Rewrite the sentences using a relative pronoun and commas where necessary. 1 Ray Bradbury is one of Americas most successful science fiction writers. He was born in Illinois. ________________________________________ 2 When he was 14 his family moved to Los Angeles. He went to high school there. ________________________________________ 3 He wrote Fahrenheit 451. It is one of his most popular works. ________________________________________ 4 Fahrenheit 451 is also a film. It was made in 1966. ________________________________________ 5 There is a crater on the moon. It is named after one of his novels. ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

6
15 points
1

Unit Test
5 points
4

Name:

Vocabulary & Grammar


Expressions with sleep
Correct the mistake in each sentence. Example: At Christmas we sleep on at my over grandmothers house. _________ 1 I used to walk sleep when I was younger. _________ 2 If you have a problem, its a good idea to sleep over it. _________ 3 When the film ended, I was fat asleep. _________ 4 Reading helps me get in sleep easily. _________ 5 My parents sleep on at the weekend. _________ Total _____/ 5

Reading
Read the text. Are the sentences true or false? Find evidence in the text to support your answers. 1 The author says that writing about the unconscious is very exciting. ________________________________________ 2 The author says that there are only a limited number of things you can dream about. ________________________________________ 3 The author suggests recording your dream while you are still in bed. ________________________________________ 4 The author states that it is easy to understand the meaning of dreams because people have been analysing them for centuries. ________________________________________ 5 If you continue writing a dream diary, you can learn a lot about yourself. ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

have to, dont have to, can, cant

Complete the sentences using have to, dont have to, can or cant.

Camp Rules
1 Camp members ________ arrive on time to class. 2 Camp members ________ wear a uniform. It is not necessary. 3 Camp members ________ leave the camp at night. It is prohibited. 4 If you dont want to eat lunch in the camp restaurant, you ________ eat outside in the picnic area instead. 5 Camp members ________ attend English lessons. These lessons are not optional. Total _____/ 5

A different type of diary


Bored with blogs? Depressed by more dull internet diaries? For something more exciting, you should take up writing a dream diary. What could be more thrilling than writing about the fantastic world of the unconscious? It transports us to exotic places, through time and space. In our dreams we can fly, speak languages, meet up with childhood friends, obtain supernatural powers, to name just a few examples. When you wake up, lie still and try to remember your dream. Then get up and write it down. This will help your memory and make it more difficult to forget what you dream about. The study of dreams is a relatively new science. As a result, its difficult to give true meaning to dreams. But if you read a dream diary over a period of time, you see that dream cycles emerge. Images repeat themselves and there are recurring themes. If you dont give up, its possible to understand a little bit more about who you are and what makes you work. Many creative people keep a dream diary. So give it a try. It could be the beginning of a beautiful friendship!

can or could

Choose the correct option in each sentence Example: The exam was really difficult. I cant / couldnt / could finish it. 1 Im a little bit stressed because I could / can / cant find my mobile phone. 2 When I was younger, we could / couldnt / can do whatever we wanted at school. But now everything is so strict. 3 Whats the name of the last Fifty Cent album? Sorry, I could / cant / can remember. 4 I can / cant / couldnt sleep at the moment because I am worried about my exams. 5 I lost my key yesterday. When I got home, I could / cant / couldnt open the door. Total _____/ 5

63

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

7
15 points
1
1 2 3 4 5

Unit Test
5 points
4

Name:

Vocabulary & Grammar


Extreme adjectives
Match the adjectives with the extreme adjectives in the box. boiling soaking exhausted freezing impossible very cold _________________ very difficult _________________ very wet _________________ very hot _________________ very tired _________________ Total _____/ 5

Reading
Read the text and answer the questions. 1 How can someone know what type of employment is ideal for them? ________________________________________ 2 How can some businesses have a negative effect on the environment? ________________________________________ 3 What kind of negative weather conditions are in part due to global warming? ________________________________________ 4 Does the author think that people should only work for money? Give evidence for your answer. ________________________________________ 5 Do you think this text is written for people at school or for adults who are already in work? Give evidence for your answer. ________________________________________ Total_____/ 5

First and second conditionals

Tick () the correct sentences. Rewrite the incorrect sentences. Example: If I didnt have a job, I will do some would do work for the environment. ___________ 1 If global warming continues, it will threaten the survival of many ecosystems. ________________________________________ 2 More people would recycle, if local governments help them. ________________________________________ 3 If the public protested, the government wouldnt build the road. ________________________________________ 4 If I am president, I would help the poor. ________________________________________ 5 If we had a hot summer, we will have water shortages. ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

Heres how you can help


So, youre worried about the environment and you want to do something about it. Here are a few things you should try out. Stop pollution and waste, and help fight rubbish by getting a job in recycling. Local councils are employing more people to do this. Read all the information available and find out what job would be good for you. Maybe you could be a driver, collecting material for recycling. Or you could manage a recycling plant1. You wont make a lot of money, but you will be saving the planet. Become a campaigner! Get out in public and organise activities to help change things. Many companies are responsible for pollution in rivers and in the air, and campaigners spread the news about the companies and encourage people to take action. If campaigning is too political for you, there is always teaching. You can give courses or presentations about the dangers of the rising sea levels and flooding or show how hurricanes and tornados are also the result of global warming. Education sends a message to young people. If you are passionate about the environment and like communicating, this is an excellent way to help. So stop worrying, and start working. Make it your career or simply volunteer. Every little bit helps.
1 recycling plant: a kind of factory where paper, plastic or metal

Third conditional

64

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets. 1 If wed had more money, we ______________ a house. (buy) 2 If we ______________ so much, I wouldnt have ended the relationship. (not / argue) 3 If I had passed my exams, I ______________ to university. (go) 4 If my grandfather ______________ harder, he would have had a better career. (work) 5 If I ______________ her yesterday, I would have said hello. (see) Total _____/ 5

rubbish is recycled.

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

8
15 points
Technology

Unit Test
5 points
4

Name:

Vocabulary & Grammar

Reading
Read the text and choose the correct answers. Find evidence to support your answers. 1 Bullying has a been around for a long time and its always the same. b now taken a different form. 2 If victims of bullying feel safe, it will a teach them to fight the bully. b help them recover from bullying. 3 Victims think if they dont throw away their phone, a they wont escape from the bully. b everyone will know they are being bullied. 4 Fighting the cyber-bully can be difficult because a the bullies lie about what they have done. b the victims dont want to say what has happened. 5 Text Someone is a service that a can be used at all times by sending messages or emails. b can be used on school days by sending a voice or a text message. Total _____/ 5

Complete the sentences using a word from the box. rechargeable download screen headphones gadget 1 To ______________ something means to move it from the internet onto a computer. 2 A ______________ is a small device or machine like a mobile phone or an MP3 player. 3 You can fill a ______________ battery with electricity and use it again. 4 With ______________ you can listen to music without other people hearing. 5 A ______________ is a flat surface on a monitor or TV which shows pictures and words. Total _____/ 5

Adjective order

Tick () the correct sentences. Rewrite the incorrect sentences. 1 My mum bought a huge red glass vase. ________________________________________ 2 My sister has a plastic light keyboard. ________________________________________ 3 Have you seen that blue metal box? ________________________________________ 4 We have some brown paper small bags. ________________________________________ 5 There is a triangular heavy black table in here. ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

Beating cyber-bullying
Bullying is when one person or a group of people hurt or intimidate another. It is an old problem but with a new face. And the new face is called cyber-bullying. Cyber-bullying is intimidation using new technology. Examples of this are sending threatening or abusive text messages, video clips or pictures. The Anti-Bullying Alliance works in Britain to reduce bullying and create safer environments where children and young people can live, grow, play and learn. If victims feel safe, this will help them get over the bullying. Experts say this type of intimidation is sometimes much worse than traditional forms of bullying. The victim feels she or he cant get away from the bully, unless they throw their phone away. Fighting the cyber-bully is not always easy. Many times, the victims dont admit theyve been bullied. An organisation called Text Someone hopes to provide some solutions. They want to get the message across that you can stop the bully. They aim to encourage young people to report bullying. They have got into schools by using an internet service. This service gives students the power to report incidents of bullying twenty-four hours a day. Students can send a text message, email or voice message.

The passive voice

Rewrite the sentences in the correct order. 1 was / Dan / program / by / updated / the ________________________________________ 2 shown / how / we / use / were / it / to ________________________________________ 3 the / are / changed / being / computers ________________________________________ 4 a security / the room / is / by / system / protected ________________________________________ 5 be / warned / we have / careful / been / to ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

65

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

9
15 points
1

Unit Test
5 points
4

Name:

Vocabulary & Grammar


Phrasal verbs
Complete the sentences using the words in the box. You do not need two of the words. from up down on up to out into Example: The party was a great success. Over a hundred people turned ______. up 1 My best friend really let me ______ because he didnt come to my party! 2 I rang him ______ and shouted at him. 3 Everyone failed the exam and the headteacher is looking ______ the reasons why it happened. 4 I hate my job! I cant carry ______ working there. 5 Well figure ______ a solution. Total _____/ 5

Reading
Read the text and say if the answers are true or false. Correct the false sentences. 1 When the dancers come onto the stage, the people watching recline in their seats. ________________________________________ 2 The director laughs hysterically at the journalists question. ________________________________________ 3 Anthony Veber says that they need seven days to get the best people. ________________________________________ 4 Judy Bates speaks angrily to the writer. ________________________________________ 5 The writer says that dancers are easily discouraged by tough auditions. ________________________________________ Total _____/ 5

Reporting statements and reporting questions

A dancers diary its tough being a tiger!


Next shouts the casting director. A woman waves her arms and screams, OK, lets go! The music and lights come on. A group of us jump gracefully onto the stage. In the front row of the theatre, the director and producer sit up quickly and take notes. This is my life. As a professional dancer, we are always auditioning for the next big production. This week Ive been in the Opera House at the auditions for Anthony Vebers new musical Tigers. Hundreds of singers, dancers and performers have turned up. Later I hear a journalist ask Mr Veber, the writer and director of Tigers, if the auditions are tough. Tough? Veber repeats. He grins, then reclines in his seat. Of course theyre tough, he replies. But only the best actors can be in my musicals. This is a huge production. We cant make any mistakes. And it takes a week of auditions just to find the most talented dancers. When I return to the stage, I am extremely nervous and fall on two of the other dancers. The casting director, Judy Bates, gives me a telling off. I apologise and ask for a second chance. Im sure I sound quite desperate. But Bates turns to me and shrugs. Im sorry, she says, we only take the best. The whole scene makes me feel a little ill. I cant believe I made such a silly mistake. You have to be almost perfect in these auditions. But a professional cant be put off by difficult auditions. As I leave the Tigers audition, I stop worrying about my mistake and I begin to feel a little better too.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the word in the box. if where tell have to will say

1 2 3 4 5

would Example: Deckham said he __________ not be leaving the team. He __________ the journalists that his family were tired of being followed. A sports journalist asked __________ he was happy living in Spain. He __________ he was very happy. Another journalist asked __________ he had met his wife. He said it was at a party. Suddenly he left. His manager said he __________ collect his son from school. Total _____/ 5

Reporting verbs

3
66

Tick () the correct sentences. Cross out the incorrect words. Example: The director told that everyone to that stand back. ______ 1 She explained everybody that they were going to film a scene. ______ 2 She warned us not to arrive late. ______ 3 She asked us if did we had phoned Tim. ______ 4 She suggested him that he take the photograph later. ______ 5 She advised us to wait outside. ______ Total _____/ 5

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

Term Tests
Tune in 1 Term Tests On pages 68-73 you will find three term tests to distribute to your students at the end of each term during the first year of the course. Each test reviews three of the Tune in 1 Students Book units. They have also been designed to resemble the final examination format, to build students confidence for the examination right from the start of the course. To help develop students oral skills, a speaking exercise is included in each test. These all involve students describing a photo for a minute. All the pictures are included on this page for you to cut out and use. The students will need to speak on a one-to-one basis with their teacher, so you might want to arrange this part of the test for a lesson where you or another teacher can talk to the students on an individual basis.

Term Test 1

Term Test 2

Term Test 3

67

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

Tune in 1
Learning to ski

TERM TEST 1

Name:

Part One: READING COMPREHENSION

8 points

I first went on a foreign holiday with my parents when I was sixteen. We had arranged a two-week trip to Switzerland. For me the trip would be a life-changing experience. I grew up in Lincolnshire, a part of England which is almost completely flat, so when I arrived in the Alps it was the first time I had been in real mountains. It was great and very cold, minus fifteen degrees! My first view of snow-covered peaks will stay with me forever. I remember waking up in my hotel and waiting for the sun to come up because I wanted to be on the slopes. Luckily, I already knew how to ski because I had been learning in my local sports centre on an artificial slope. It wasnt glamorous, being in the ski club on wet Tuesday afternoons. But, actually, when I started skiing in the mountains, I found that my hours at the local club had really helped. Because my ski centre didnt have fabulous views or huge slopes, I had never been distracted by scenery or by trying to reach extreme speeds. Instead I had spent my time learning the fundamentals of the sport. This meant that slowly I had mastered the art of stopping, the manoeuvres, the techniques that you need in real life. Skiing can be risky if you dont know what youre doing. So when I was finally on the top of the mountain, I felt prepared. But as I was moving down the slope for the first time, with the snow under my skis, I knew that I had never felt anything like it before. The experience was incredible! I was hooked! When I came home from that first trip, I spent all my spare time learning to be a ski instructor. Although the training was expensive, it was worth it, because I knew that I wanted to live and work in the mountains. I had to be disciplined about studying because there was a lot to learn. However, I made it in the end and I now teach skiing to tourists in the French Alps. When people find out that I grew up in the flattest part of Britain, they are always amazed that I make my living as a ski instructor.
Answer the following questions, using information from the text. 1 The author was impatient to go skiing. What information in the text tells us this? 2 Name two things that the author learnt in his local ski centre. 3 Which of the following sentences summarises the fifth paragraph? a The author was not surprised at all by the experience of skiing on real snow. b The author was nervous about having real snow under his skis. c The author was amazed because skiing on real snow was so enjoyable. 4 Name two reasons why learning to become a ski instructor was difficult. 5 Join these sentences using the words given. When I came home from that first trip, I spent all my spare time learning to be a ski instructor. After I had ________________________________________________________________________________. 6 Which words in the text mean: a units of temperature? (paragraph 2) b very beautiful and exciting? (paragraph 4) c much greater than normal? (paragraph 4) d dangerous? (paragraph 4) e addicted? (paragraph 5) f hard-working and serious? (paragraph 6) 68

Part Two: WRITING

5 points

Write a formal letter to a ski centre in the Pyrenees. You want to do a gap year working with tourists at the ski centre and you have seen gap year positions on their website. Ask any questions you think are important. Write between 75 and 100 words.

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

Total Points:

/25

Part Three: LISTENING COMPREHENSION


How the web helps you travel the world

8 points

In this radio programme you are going to hear the following words. Read and listen to them. Make sure you know what they mean.

English travel agency backpacker handy

castellano agencia de viajes mochilero til / accesible

catal agncia de viatges turista de motxilla til / accessible

euskara bidai agentzia bidaiari erabilgarri

galego axencia de viaxes mochilero til / accesible

Read the extract and questions 1-8 carefully before listening to the radio programme. PRESENTER: We know that many of you are probably planning your next holiday. Youve seen the travel guides and you may have visited your local travel agency. Some of you are probably going away with friends, maybe as a backpacker or to stay in a fashionable hotel. And a lot of you have probably surfed the net to get holiday information. Recently, theres been a big increase in the number of travel advisors on the World Wide Web. Websites like turnhere.com and tribewanted.com are just two examples of how we are changing the way we plan our holidays. Tom Land is here with us today. He is a travel advisor and uses some of these websites when he plans holidays with his friends. Tom, welcome to the programme. TOM: Thank you very much. Choose the correct answers. 1 The travel advisor websites are a offering new holiday ideas. b offering the same holidays as travel agencies. c offering holidays to new people. 2 turnhere.com have many videos of a local tourist attractions, family restaurants and shops. b local tourist attractions and famous meals in restaurants. c local tourist attractions, famous streets and restaurants. 3 Everyone who joins Tribewanted will a live on Fiji for three years. b stay on Fiji for one, two or three weeks. c live on Fiji at the same time. 4 Tribewanted is a ambitious and not very old. b fun and old. c great, but sometimes its not much fun. 5 Tribewanted would like tourists to a help local people. b help local communities travel to another place. c have fun and not worry about anything else. 6 Young people a make more holiday preparations. b have changed their holiday expectations. c dont want new holiday locations. 7 Young people may want a to start a hobby when they are on holiday. b their hobby to be included in their holiday. c to change their hobby as a part of their holiday. 8 The best advice is a to use one really good website. b to explore different websites because some are more dependable. c not to spend too much time online.

Part Four: SPEAKING

4 points
69

Your teacher will give you a picture. Describe what you see. What are the people doing? Where do you think they are? Do you think this is a popular activity among young people today? OR Describe what is happening in the photo. Is this one of your pastimes? Why / Why not? Speak for one to two minutes.

Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

Tune in 1
Books are big news in Spain

TERM TEST 2

Name:

Part One: READING COMPREHENSION

8 points

In Spain books and reading are part of an exciting cultural calendar which everybody can enjoy. There are events all year round, with two of the biggest in Barcelona and Madrid. 23rd April is International Book Day. It is celebrated all over the world. This day was partly chosen because it is the anniversary of two of the most important writers in world literature: Miguel de Cervantes and William Shakespeare, who both died on this day. Although the festival was first celebrated in 1995, in Spain the day has a much older connection with books. This is because 23rd April is also Saint Georges Day, which is a major celebration in Catalonia. On this day men give a rose to their loved ones, who give them a book in return. It was the popularity of this tradition which helped UNESCO1 choose 23rd April as the official day to celebrate books. The Book Fair in Madrid is another interesting example of a festival which promotes books and reading. It was first celebrated in 1933, when many publishers had a small stall in one of the central avenues of the city. It later moved to the citys main park, The Retiro. Every year authors from around the world visit the book fair and thousands of book fans turn up to enjoy the occasion. There are still stalls, but today there are a lot more of them. The festival also includes special public events to promote reading and help people in poorer countries. For example, in 2001, a project called A Door to Culture was created. A huge metal structure was constructed in the centre of Madrid. This structure held up to 50,000 books which local people had donated. They were later sent to public libraries and schools in Central America and Colombia. This was a major demonstration of how passionate Spanish people are about books and reading. There are many similar festivals in Spain today. They show how we can encourage people to take up reading, and to continue reading. In a world dominated by TV and the internet, it means there is still reason for optimism about books.
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. An organisation whose purpose is to encourage education and learning worldwide.
1

70

Answer the following questions, using information from the text. 1 Why did UNESCO choose 23rd April to be International Book Day? 2 Name two ways The Book Fair has changed since it began in 1933. 3 What was the purpose of A Door to Culture? 4 Which of the following sentences summarises the final paragraph? a We can be hopeful about the future of books because the internet, TV and book festivals persuade people to read. b Although TV and the internet are very popular, book festivals persuade people to read more. c People start reading because they are optimistic about books and because they dont want to use the internet. 5 Join these sentences using a relative pronoun. 23rd April is International Book Day. It is celebrated all over the world. 23rd April is ________________________________________________________________________________. 6 Which words in the text mean: a something which makes you feel very happy? (paragraph 1) b a place where people sell things in a market or fair? (paragraph 3) c writers? (paragraph 3) d come, appear (a phrasal verb)? (paragraph 3) e places where people borrow books? (paragraph 4) f start doing an activity or a hobby? (paragraph 5)

Part Two: WRITING

5 points

Write an essay with the title Why is reading important for children and young people? Give two or three reasons to support your opinion (examples: educate children and young people, a great hobby, learn about the world). Write between 75 and 100 words.
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

Total Points:

/25

Part Three: LISTENING COMPREHENSION


Palm reading: past and present

8 points

In this radio programme you are going to hear the following words. Read and listen to them. Make sure you know what they mean.

English palm reader palm reading high blood pressure anaemic fingerprint patterns

castellano quiromntico quiromanca tensin arterial alta


anmico estampada de las huellas

catal quiromntic quiromncia tensi arterial alta


anmic marques dempremtes

euskara kiromantiko kiromantzia arteri presio altua


anemiko hatz-aztarnak

galego quiromntico quiromanca tensin arterial alta


anmico estampada das impresins dixitais

Read the extract and questions 1-8 carefully before listening to the radio programme. PRESENTER: This morning well be talking with Eleanor Watts, who is a regular guest on the programme. Today, Eleanors going to tell us about palm reading. Palm readers look at the lines on the inside of peoples hands and claim to be able to say things about the persons future. Its not exactly a science, and to many its nonsense. But now it seems scientists will be using palm reading in the future. Can it be true? Eleanor will explain where palm reading started and shell also tell us how it has developed over time. Eleanor Watts, welcome back to the programme. ELEANOR: Thank you. Im delighted to be here. Choose the correct answers. 1 Ancient Greek physicians a used palm reading for medical reasons. b used palm reading because it was in the Bible. c didnt believe in palm reading. 2 The interviewer a wants Eleanor to read his palm. b doesnt believe palm reading works. c really likes palm reading. 3 The technique called cold reading a is only a part of palm reading. b is more important today than before. c looks at a persons character. 4 According to Eleanor, palm reading interpretations in magazines a normally fool people because the interpretations are very serious. b are just entertainment and people dont believe them. c are about entertainment and people dont want to read them. 5 Doctors a are palm reading. b are warning people that palm reading isnt true. c are studying the palm. 6 The colour in parts of the ________ or behind the ________ can indicate if someone is anaemic. a nail / fingers b fingers / hand c hand / fingernail 7 Fingerprints can a possibly show if people have hearing problems. b possibly show if people have skin problems. c possibly show if people have heart problems. 8 The doctors who worked in the studies a have investigated this area too much. b have to investigate and study this area more. c have said they have enough scientific proof.

71

Part Four: SPEAKING

4 points

Your teacher will give you a picture. Describe what you see. Why do you think the young person is sleeping? Do you think this is a problem? Speak for one to two minutes.
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

Tune in 1
Solar may just save us

TERM TEST 3

Name:

Part One: READING COMPREHENSION

8 points

Experts have repeatedly warned us that we are running out of oil. This means that if alternative sources of energy are not found, we will probably end up with a global energy crisis. One of the possible energy alternatives is solar power: obtaining energy from the sun through special solar panels. The use of solar power became popular in the 1970s, but it was considered too expensive. Since then it has become a lot cheaper and it is now being used more in industry, as large companies like BP and Siemens have both entered the solar power market. In Murcia, Spain, a huge power plant will soon function using solar power. As solar power is becoming cheaper, it will become more visible in everyday life. For example, a solar-powered boat has been designed by Christoph Behling and one of his boats can be seen in London, where the Serpentine Solar Shuttle started operating this year. Experts forecast that solar power will continue to be used by designers like Behling in new and different ways. Individuals too are looking into putting solar panels in their homes. At the moment solar panels are most popular with people who live in the countryside, but there is a movement to bring solar power to towns and cities too. Sharp, the worlds top solar cell producer, have said that if every building in the UK had solar panels on its roof, this would generate more than the UKs current electricity consumption. That means gas, nuclear power or coal would not be needed. One problem is that solar panels are very expensive and this discourages people from using them. If you are not a homeowner, that doesnt mean youll be left out. Solar panels have been built into many new gadgets too. If youre feeling really trendy, why not try out a solar backpack? It costs about t200, with some versions specifically for skiers and snowboarders. The solar panels in the backpack are used to charge the batteries of other devices like MP3 players and mobile phones. And, if you like camping, youll be interested in a solar tent. The tent doesnt just charge batteries its solar panels also provide electric light inside. Sales in gadgets are expected to double over the next ten years and if the trend continues, more and more of these gadgets will be solar-powered. That means that you dont have to be a big corporation to help the environment.
Answer the following questions, using information from the text. 1 Mention three things that have changed in the use of solar power since the 1970s. 2 More people are using solar power at home and this generates a lot of power. Which information in the text tells us this? 3 Mention two features of the solar-powered gadgets that have appeared on the market. 4 Which of the following sentences summarises the final paragraph? a People will be more trendy in the future, but they will only want solar-powered gadgets. b People will be buying more gadgets and helping big corporations to save the environment. c People will be buying more gadgets and more gadgets will be available with environmentally friendly features. 5 Rewrite the following sentence using the words given. A solar-powered boat has been designed by Christoph Behling. Christoph Behling __________________________________________________________________________. 6 Which words in the text mean: a said that something bad was going to happen? (paragraph 1) b very big? (paragraph 2) c predict? (paragraph 3) d investigating? (paragraph 4) e not be included? (paragraph 5) f use for the first time? (paragraph 5)

72

Part Two: WRITING

5 points

Write a dialogue between two people. You could choose a teacher and a student, or two teenage friends. They are discussing Is solar power important? Think about topics such as protecting the environment, replacing oil, cost of energy, etc. Write between 75 and 100 words.
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

Total Points:

/25

Part Three: LISTENING COMPREHENSION


Shakespeare at school has never been so much fun

8 points

In this radio programme you are going to hear the following words. Read and listen to them. Make sure you know what they mean.

English perform abridged cast performance a deprived area

castellano representar abreviado reparto actuacin un barrio marginal

catal representar abreujat repartiment actuaci un barri marginal

euskara antzeztu murriztua aktoreen zerrenda antzezlan auzo baztertua

galego representar abreviado elenco actuacin un barrio marxinal

Read the extract and questions 1-8 carefully before listening to the radio programme. PRESENTER: Today were talking about Shakespeare in schools. I remember the first time I studied Shakespeare. Talk about boring! It wasnt until I saw his plays performed at university that I understood what Romeo and Juliet and Macbeth were really about. I remember thinking, if I had seen that at school, I would have understood a lot more. Well, it looks like schools have got over the problem. The Shakespeare Schools Festival started in 2000 with eight schools. Six years later, there are 1,200 schools in the UK taking part in the festival and over 25,000 students involved. Our guests today have both participated in the festival. Lindsey Kearns is a teacher who has directed students in several plays, and Josh Reeves is a student who has acted in the festival. Lindsey, Josh, welcome to the show. LINDSEY: Thank you. JOSH: Thanks a lot. Choose the correct answers. 1 The Shakespeare Schools Festival is for students a between the age of eleven and sixteen who are not in a youth theatre. b who are sixteen and go to secondary school. c who are in secondary school or a youth theatre and are between eleven and sixteen. 2 The Directors Master Class would a help teachers to direct their play. b choose teachers to direct the plays. c select professionals to direct the plays. 3 On the day of the performance a four schools each perform a different Shakespeare play. b the schools perform at four different theatres. c four schools perform the same Shakespeare play. 4 Lindseys students a have a few opportunities like other young people. b dont have as many opportunities as other young people. c have amazing opportunities at the school.

5 Lindsey says that the festival is a a way to educate great students. b a great way to educate students. c a way to answer great students. 6 If Josh had not been part of the festival a he would have had more fun. b he would not have understood Shakespeare. c he would not have made some new friends. 7 The Shakespeare Youth Festival is a for sixteen to nineteen-year-olds and their teachers. b for fifteen to nineteen-year-olds only. c for sixteen to nineteen-year-olds, and the teachers dont participate. 8 For the City of Culture celebrations in Liverpool a twenty productions will be represented. b forty productions will be represented. c four hundred productions will be represented.

73

Part Four: SPEAKING

4 points

Your teacher will give you a picture. Describe what you see. Where do you think the two people are? What type of show are they doing? Would you like to do something like this? Speak for one to two minutes.
Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing 2007: PHOTOCOPIABLE

Listening scripts
Term Test 1
PRESENTER: We know that many of you are probably planning your next holiday. Youve seen the travel guides and you may have visited your local travel agency. Some of you are probably going away with friends, maybe as a backpacker or to stay in a fashionable hotel. And a lot of you have probably surfed the net to get holiday information. Recently, theres been a big increase in the number of travel advisors on the World Wide Web. Websites like turnhere.com and tribewanted.com are just two examples of how we are changing the way we plan our holidays. Tom Land is here with us today. He is a travel advisor and uses some of these websites when he plans holidays with his friends. Tom, welcome to the programme. TOM: Thank you very much. PRESENTER: Tom, there are travel agencies in every city and small town. So, why are people using the internet to look for holidays? TOM: Well, travel agencies are generally very good. But people are looking for new and different types of holidays. The travel advisor websites are offering very original ways to travel. People can research these sites with their friends, from work or from home, so its very handy. PRESENTER: Why dont you tell us a few examples of the ones you use? TOM: You mentioned turnhere.com before. I usually use that one. They have a lot of videos of local tourist attractions, famous streets, restaurants and shops. So you can see the places before you set off on your trip, and get a good idea of what they might be like. Sometimes a photograph or an article is not enough. When you actually see a video, it can often be much more attractive. PRESENTER: Right. And what about the other website, tribewanted.com? What is that? TOM: Tribewanted is an online project. A group of people are trying to build a special community on the island of Fiji. They are inviting 5,000 people to join them. PRESENTER: 5,000 on one tropical island! TOM: Yes, but the project is three years long. The 5,000 people go to the island at different times. Its possible to go to the island for one, two or three weeks only, depending on how much money you spend. PRESENTER: Right. And what do you like about it? About Tribewanted? TOM: This is a great idea for people who are looking for adventure. It is a new and ambitious project. Its about having fun, but also trying to have a positive effect on the place you visit. They want to promote responsible tourism. Its about helping the communities who live in the place you want to travel to. Its a really clever idea. PRESENTER: I see. There are so many different types of travel advisor websites. There seems to be one for every different type of person. Why is there so much choice? TOM: More young people are travelling than before. Their expectations have changed. Theyre interested in different locations. Maybe they have a hobby like climbing, canoeing or doing sport or yoga, so they want this to be part of the holiday as well. If a group of friends goes on holiday, maybe they want nightlife, but they may also have individual interests too. So the travel advisory websites realise that the consumer is asking for more. PRESENTER: What advice can you give our listeners if they want to use these websites? TOM: The best advice is to explore. Look at different websites: some are more reliable than others, so its possible that youll have to look around. And be patient because, as you say, theres a lot of choice. You might spend some time looking around, but eventually you will find something for you. PRESENTER: It sounds like things are going to change even more in the future. Tom Land, thanks a lot for talking to us today.

Term Test 2
PRESENTER: This morning well be talking with Eleanor Watts, who is a regular guest on the programme. Today, Eleanors going to tell us about palm reading. Palm readers look at the lines on the inside of peoples hands and claim to be able to say things about the persons future. Its not exactly a science, and to many its nonsense. But now it seems scientists will be using palm reading in the future. Can it be true? Eleanor will explain where palm reading started and shell also tell us how it has developed over time. Eleanor Watts, welcome back to the programme. ELEANOR: Thank you. Im delighted to be here. PRESENTER: First of all, Eleanor, you must tell us something about the history of palm reading, because we know it goes back a very long way, doesnt it? ELEANOR: Fortune-telling goes back a very long way. It is mentioned in the Bible. We know that palm reading itself was used by some Ancient Greek physicians, who used it for medical reasons. But it has also existed for a long time among Indian mystics. And its still quite popular today. PRESENTER: But come on! Nobody really believes the idea that a person can read your future by looking at your palm. ELEANOR: Predicting the future is a part of palm reading. This is called cold reading, and historically, it has been more important. Today, a lot of palm reading looks at a persons character, not at their future. A lot of people who criticise palm reading think its all about cold reading, which isnt really true. PRESENTER: What about the palm-reading interpretations we see in hundreds of magazines? ELEANOR: In my opinion, this is just entertainment. People read them, but Im not sure if they take them

74

very seriously. People are not taken in by it. You dont have to believe it, to enjoy it. PRESENTER: So palm reading is just a bit of fun? ELEANOR: It is. But interestingly, today many scientists are studying the palm. PRESENTER: Doctors are palm reading? ELEANOR: No. But doctors are looking at the hands to learn about peoples future health. PRESENTER: Really? ELEANOR: Yes. There have been some studies which show that it can be useful. Recently a British medical team suggested that by measuring someones palm, you could see if the person has a tendency to have high blood pressure. PRESENTER: High blood pressure. Anything else? ELEANOR: Yes. One British doctor, Dr Graham Archard, says there are a lot of things which we can learn from the hand. The colour in parts of the hand or behind the fingernail can indicate if someone is anaemic. PRESENTER: I see. ELEANOR: Some other research suggests that there might be a connection between specific fingerprint patterns and heart problems. However, this is a new area of study. PRESENTER: So youre saying that there might be a modern science of palm reading? ELEANOR: Something like that! But even the doctors who worked in these studies say that more investigation is going to be needed. They have to study this area more. PRESENTER: Its all very interesting. Well, thats all we have time for. Eleanor, thanks again for coming in to talk to us. ELEANOR: My pleasure.

Term Test 3
PRESENTER: Today were talking about Shakespeare in schools. I remember the first time I studied Shakespeare. Talk about boring! It wasnt until I saw his plays performed at university that I understood what Romeo and Juliet and Macbeth were really about. I remember thinking, if I had seen that at school, I would have understood a lot more. Well, it looks like schools have got over the problem. The Shakespeare Schools Festival started in 2000 with eight schools. Six years later, there are 1,200 schools in the UK taking part in the festival and over 25,000 students involved. Our guests today have both participated in the festival. Lindsey Kearns is a teacher who has directed students in several plays, and Josh Reeves is a student who has acted in the festival. Lindsey, Josh, welcome to the show. LINDSEY: Thank you. JOSH: Thanks a lot. PRESENTER: Lindsey, how does the festival work, then? LINDSEY: The festival is open to every secondary school and youth theatre in Great Britain. Students between the ages of eleven and sixteen perform the plays in their local professional theatre for a week in February. PRESENTER: What plays are usually performed?

LINDSEY: Hamlet and Henry V have been done at my school. Then there are the plays you mentioned before, Macbeth or Romeo and Juliet. Theyre also performed by a lot of schools. But there are fifteen abridged Shakespeare plays that schools can choose. PRESENTER: How do the schools prepare the production? LINDSEY: In September the teachers attend a Directors Master Class with professionals. PRESENTER: Did you go on this course? LINDSEY: Oh yes. It was excellent. If I hadnt been on the Master Class, I wouldnt have known where to begin. PRESENTER: So that course gives the teachers some help. Is there professional help for the students too? LINDSEY: In January the casts receive a half-day workshop. The workshops are designed to prepare the casts for their performance. PRESENTER: What happens on the day of the performance? LINDSEY: Four schools each perform a different, half-hour Shakespeare play at the same theatre. Parents, colleagues, schoolchildren and the general public turn up to see the shows. At the end of the evening, all the casts are invited back on stage for professional feedback on their show. PRESENTER: What do the students think of the festival? LINDSEY: My students have always worked really hard and done a great show. Theyve never let me down. I teach in a deprived area of London. The students at the school have fewer opportunities than other young people. Students have told me that acting in the plays helped them gain confidence. When I asked them if the festival helped them understand Shakespeare more, the answer was a big yes. Its a great way to educate students. PRESENTER: Josh, youve been in the festival a few times. Would you agree with what Lindsey says? JOSH: Definitely. I think Lindsey forgot to say that the festival is also great fun. Ive made some great friends from acting in it. If I hadnt been in the play, Id never have met them. And there were all types of people too, from all backgrounds, which was great. Its so diverse. PRESENTER: Josh, you are not actually part of the Shakespeare Schools Festival any more because youre seventeen. Are you still performing now? JOSH: Yes, I am. The schools festival was so successful that theres now a Shakespeare Youth Festival. This is for sixteen-to nineteen-year-olds and the students have complete control. They set up their own theatre company and prepare a forty-five minute production. About 400 companies have been set up and the best twenty productions will represent the festival in the Liverpool City of Culture celebrations. If our school wins, well ring you up and invite you to Liverpool to see the show. PRESENTER: Well I cant wait to see the results. Josh and Lindsey, I think theyre both wonderful festivals, and I only wish theyd been around when I was at school. And, if you enjoyed todays show, remember that Lindsey and Josh will be coming back to the show in a few weeks.

75

Unit Tests answer key


Unit 1 Test
Vocabulary & Grammar

3
15 points

Past Simple and Past Perfect 1 had run 4 finished 2 had met 5 had climbed 3 had told

Pastimes and adjectives 1 always = because always is not an adjective, it is an adverb. 2 mature = because the other three adjectives describe physical appearance. Mature usually describes a persons personality or character. 3 plump = because the other three adjectives describe personality or character. Plump describes physical appearance. 4 patient = because the other three adjectives have a negative prefix. 5 arguing with my parents = because this is not a pastime. The other three activities are pastimes. Adverbs of frequency 1 I occasionally go shopping at the weekend. 2 My mum is always at work during the day. 3 My cat normally eats fresh fish. 4 My brothers are rarely at home on a Saturday. 5 I can usually go climbing if the weather is good. Present Simple and Present Continuous 1 2 Our class is/are doing exams this week. 3 I dont understand our maths homework. 4 Be quiet! I am watching television. 5

Reading

5 points

1 No. She used to go climbing a lot. 2 It started to rain when they were walking in the mountains. 3 Her parents/family warned her never to climb when it was raining. 4 The writer fell as she was running to jump off a rock. 5 John had shouted to warn her that it wasnt safe.

Unit 3 Test
Vocabulary & Grammar

15 points

Phrasal verbs 1 out 2 up 3 in

4 off 5 off

Present Perfect Simple and Past Simple 4 Have you ever 1 has never been spoken 2 have known 5 visited 3 went Present Perfect Simple and Continuous 1 have read 4 have, been playing 2 have been skiing 5 have been cooking 3 has seen

Reading

5 points
3a 4b 5b

1b

2a

Unit 2 Test
Vocabulary & Grammar

Reading

5 points

4
15 points

Sports 1 swimming 2 football/handball 3 athletics/running

4 riding/horse riding 5 cycling

1 False. She wanted to learn English because it was an important part of her studies (her course). 2 True. 3 False. She was looking forward to a new adventure. 4 True. 5 False. She said it was terrific.

76

Past Simple and Past Continuous 1 2 As I was playing chess, the phone rang. 3 4 My mum arrived home and then she phoned a friend. 5 Steve broke his leg when he was playing football.

Unit 4 Test
Vocabulary & Grammar

15 points

Compound nouns 1 sunglasses 2 cellphone 3 backpack

4 airline 5 daredevil

Future forms: will, going to, Present Continuous 1 am having 4 am meeting 2 will go 5 will get 3 is going to paint Future forms: will, Future Perfect, Future Continuous 1 2 3 you will have travelled 4 Ill have 5 the film will have finished

Unit 6 Test
Vocabulary & Grammar

15 points

Expressions with sleep 1 I used to sleepwalk when I was younger. 2 If you have a problem, its a good idea to sleep on it. 3 When the film ended, I was fast asleep. 4 Reading helps me get to sleep easily. 5 My parents sleep in at the weekend.

Reading

5 points

1 b (2 points) 2 Possible answers (1 point each) 1 she loves writing and she studies photography at school so she thinks it could be a great job. 2 it is the best way to start a film career. 3 people will be making more films on computers.

have to, dont have to, can, cant 1 have to 4 can 2 dont have to 5 have to 3 cant can or could 1 cant 2 could
3 cant 4 cant 5 couldnt

Reading

5 points

Unit 5 Test
Vocabulary & Grammar

15 points

Adjectives ending in -ed and -ing 1 excited 4 depressed 2 frightening 5 boring 3 interested About books 1 author 2 setting 3 blurb 4 heroine 5 villain

1 True. The text says it is thrilling to write about the unconscious. 2 False. The text says the examples given are just a few. 3 False. The text suggests waking up, lying still and remembering your dream. Then it suggests getting up and writing it down. 4 False. The text says the study of dreams is a relatively new science, and as a result it is difficult to give true meaning to dreams. 5 True. The text says if you dont give up, it is possible to understand more about who you are and what makes you work.

Relative clauses 1 Ray Bradbury, who is one of Americas most successful science fiction writers, was born in Illinois. 2 When he was 14 his family moved to Los Angeles, where he went to high school. 3 He wrote Fahrenheit 451, which is one of his most popular works. 4 Fahrenheit 451 is also a film which was made in 1966. 5 There is a crater on the moon which is named after one of his novels.

Unit 7 Test
Vocabulary & Grammar

15 points
5 exhausted

Extreme adjectives 1 freezing 3 soaking 2 impossible 4 boiling

Reading

5 points
2c 3b 4c 5a

1b

First and second conditionals 1 2 More people would recycle, if local governments helped them. 3 4 If I was/were president, I would help the poor. 5 If we have a hot summer, we will have water shortages.

77

Unit Tests answer key


3
Third conditional 1 would have bought/d have bought 2 had not argued/hadnt argued 3 would have gone/d have gone 4 had worked 5 had seen 4 b Many times, the victims dont admit theyve been bullied. 5 a This service gives students the power to report incidents of bullying twenty-four hours a day.

Reading

5 points

Unit 9 Test
Vocabulary & Grammar

Possible answers 1 By reading all the information available. 2 Many companies are responsible for pollution in rivers and in the air. 3 Hurricanes and tornados are due in part to global warming. 4 No, because in the last line the author says that people should volunteer. 5 The text is written for adults who are already in work, not for young people at school. Evidence for this is the suggestion that readers can become drivers or manage a recycling plant.

15 points

Phrasal verbs 1 down 2 up 3 into 4 on 5 out Reporting statements and reporting questions 1 told 2 if 3 said 4 where 5 had to Reporting verbs 1 She explained everybody that they were going to film a scene. 2 3 She asked us if did we had phoned Tim. 4 She suggested him that he take the photograph later. 5

Unit 8 Test
Vocabulary & Grammar

15 points

Technology 1 download 2 gadget 3 rechargeable 4 headphones 5 screen Adjective order 1 2 My sister has a light plastic keyboard. 3 4 We have some small, brown paper bags. 5 There is a heavy, triangular, black table in here. The passive voice 1 The program was updated by Dan. 2 We were shown how to use it. 3 The computers are being changed. 4 The room is protected by a security system. 5 We have been warned to be careful.

Reading

5 points

1 False. When the dancers come onto the stage, the people watching sit up and take notes. 2 False. The director grins at the journalists question. 3 True. 4 True. 5 False. The writer says that dancers cant be put off by difficult auditions.

78

Reading

5 points

1 b Bullying is an old problem but with a new face. 2 b If victims feel safe, this will help them get over the bullying. 3 a The victim feels she or he cant get away from the bully, unless they throw their phone away.

Term Tests answer key


Marking guide Each Term Test is marked out of 25. Part One: Reading comprehension (8 points) Award 1 point for each correct answer in questions 1-5. Question 6 in each reading section is a vocabulary exercise: award 1/2 point for each correct vocabulary answer a-f. Part Two: Writing (5 points) Award 2 points for organisation of the text (paragraphing, linkers, etc.). Award 2 points for style, for example, for using the standard phrases expected in a formal letter. Award 1 point for accurate spelling. Part Three: Listening comprehension (8 points) Award 1 point for each correct answer. Part Four: Speaking (4 points) Award 1 point for speaking without the need for prompting by the teacher. Award 2 points for use of tenses and vocabulary. Award 1 point for answering the question directly and accurately.

Term Test 1
This test reviews units 1-3 of the Tune in 1 Students Book.

Reading comprehension
1 The author says he remembers waking up in his hotel and waiting for the sun to come up because he wanted to be on the slopes. 2 Any two of the following: the fundamentals of the sport, the art of stopping, the manoeuvres and the techniques that are needed in real life. 3 c 4 Because it was expensive and there was a lot to learn. 5 After I had come home from that first trip, I spent all my spare time learning to be a ski instructor. c extreme e hooked 6 a degrees d risky f disciplined b glamorous

Writing
Model answer Naranja 25, 4b 28012 Madrid 25 October Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing to introduce myself and find out more about your organisation. My name is Antonio Muoz and I am 18 years old. I saw an advertisement last week for gap-year positions at your ski centre. I have already visited your website and I am interested in finding out more about your organisation. I am very interested in skiing and I have had experience of working with tourists. I speak two languages: Spanish and English. Could you tell me more about your organisation? Where are you based in the Pyrenees? I am looking forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully, Antonio Muoz 79

Listening comprehension
1a 2c 3b 4a 5a 6b 7b 8b

Term Test 2
This test reviews units 4-6 of the Tune in 1 Students Book.

Reading comprehension
1 Because it is the anniversary of the deaths of Shakespeare and Cervantes. It is also because of the popularity of St. Georges Day in Catalonia, when people give books. (Students must include all the information to answer the question correctly). 2 It has moved from one of the citys main avenues to the citys main park and there are now a lot more stalls. 3 It was a special public event to promote reading and help people in poorer countries. 4 b 5 23rd April is International Book Day, which is celebrated all over the world. 6 a exciting b stall c authors d turn up e (public) libraries f take up

Writing
Model answer I think reading is really important for children and young people. I believe it is essential for two reasons. Firstly, reading helps them to learn new vocabulary and understand grammar. What is more, it also teaches children to understand ideas and arguments. Secondly, reading is a great hobby. Books can tell you about new people and different countries. Reading helps you learn about the world and it is great fun too. Besides, it is a hobby that stays with you for your whole life. In conclusion, I would say that reading is one of the best ways to educate children and young people.

Listening comprehension
1a 2b 3a 4b 5c 6c 7c 8b

Term Test 3
This test reviews units 7-9 of the Tune in 1 Students Book.

Reading comprehension
1 Any three of the following: solar power has become a lot cheaper. It is now used more in industry and large companies like BP and Siemens have both entered the solar power market. In Murcia, Spain, a huge power plant will soon function using solar power. It is also becoming more visible in everyday life. 2 There is a movement to bring solar power to towns and cities too. Sharp, the worlds top solar cell producer, have said that if every building in the UK had solar panels on its roof, this would generate more than the UKs current electricity consumption. That means gas, nuclear power or coal would not be needed. 3 The solar panels in the backpack are used to charge the batteries of other devices like MP3 players and mobile phones. The solar tent provides electric light inside. 4 c 5 Christoph Behling has designed a solarpowered boat. 6 a warned d looking into b huge e left out c forecast f try out

Writing
Model answer TEACHER: Is solar power really important? STUDENT: Yes, it is. There is a problem with oil. Its running out and we need to replace it. TEACHER: But how can we use solar power? STUDENT: If everyone puts a solar panel on their house, it will provide enough power for the whole country. TEACHER: Arent solar panels expensive? STUDENT: Yes, but if you buy solar panels, you wont need to pay for electricity ever again! All your electricity will be free. TEACHER: But everyone has to put a panel on their house? STUDENT: No, we could build solar power stations instead. One is being built in Murcia at the moment.

80

Listening comprehension
1c 2a 3a 4b 5b 6c 7c 8a

Richmond Publishing 4 King Street Cloisters Albion Place London W6 0QT United Kingdom 2007 by Neil Collins, Sarah Dague, Ruth Howarth and Patrick Howarth 2007 by Santillana Educacin, S.L. / Richmond Publishing

All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise without the prior permission in writing of the publishers.
Printed in Spain by D.L.: C.P.: 840210

Tune in to Vocabulary and Grammar, Tune in to Writing and Tune in to Culture pages: Sarah Dague Tune in to Reading pages: Ruth Howarth and Patrick Howarth Unit Tests and Term Tests: Neil Collins
Euskera translations: Idoia Llama Editorial team: Richmond Publishing and Alastair Lane Cover design: Novimago, S.L. Design and layout: Novimago, S.L. Illustrations: Piet Luthi Photo research: Amparo Rodrguez Technical coordination: Roco Lominchar, Rosa Marn, Jess Muela, Antonio Ocaa, Javier Tejeda Technical Director: ngel Garca Encinar Art Director: Jos Crespo The publishers would like to thank all of those who have given their kind permission to reproduce photographs for this book:
J. Jaime; A. G. E. FOTOSTOCK/Glamour International; ALBUM/LIONS GATE FILMS/ Jaap Buitendijk; CORDON PRESS/Universal/courtesy Everett Collection, REUTERS/ John Gress; COVER/CORBIS/Lynn Goldsmith, Stockbyte, O. Alamany & E. Vicens, Lester Lefkowitz; EFE/Carmelo Rubio; EFE/SIPA-PRESS/IMAGE/SINTESI/SIPA; LOBO PRODUCCIONES / C. Sanz; NASA; Archivo Cruz Roja; J. Cerezo; SERIDEC PHOTOIMAGENES CD; ARCHIVO SANTILLANA

Every effort has been made to trace the holders of copyright before publication. The publishers will be pleased to rectify any error or omissions at the earliest opportunity.