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Puc. 15

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Plrc. 56 Oxanrosxa recruofi (puc. 55): TecbMy BalruroxilrBaror BAoJIb, uarranrofi BHyrpb, rax, uro6rr nrarxnr,rft rcpafi BbrcrynaJr Ba BepxHrrft na 0,1 cu; o6ravzBapr orxpbr-

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Menrcue crcna1rcu(prc. 6L) rpr,rMenffroacfl rra Aer: KrIx rra,4eJrvrfix ur)$errcxrrx flJrarbtrx. C "nr,rqeaoftcropoHbr ,qeraJrr,rHaMerraK)TJrrrnrirK)cru6a, err.r6aror no nefi EaHaHKofi K r{BHaHKeH c JrlrqeBofi croponbr npocrpaIIIIIBAK)T IIA HY'ICIIOM PACCTO.'IHITVII1IT. g. T;IY6TTTA CKJIAN

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ocnoBa rrparTrrnrr

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q.Lr,rsercorr :3 d.xr'o.r. u wc g'7 corrrrr utrdd; ra.r,conrrz{.dnortrou randenr s,ledl lrodo.r,a q,lu*trcorso ntrt.fd,r uwruurrr ou osedus J r4]rhoJ lO nxHnuJoundnA7 , 't.L.L: tgg rlruouncorcu o.ror.codurO 'r.rrnru uufgey

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Barcomapoctnrca BBepxnpoBecrrrJIr{Or ro.mu P nepuen4uxyJrffpgo


Ht4ro rd na nefi orJrolxr{Tb 2r5 ctvt nns. 48 paamepa (g.na Apyrl4x pasMepoB + 0,1 cM Ha paenaep). flocrasrrr roury IO: PIO: 2,5 crur.

Crcocnnerra cnuHreu Or ro.mn E nepuenArrxyJrffpuo BHr{B orJro}Krrrl cJreAyroqr4e Meprcrr. flna $urypbr c nponopqnoHaJrbnofi nrrcorofi n"rreqorJroxcnrb 1-1,5 cM, AJrffBbrconrrx fiJreq orJroxcrrrb 0,5-1 cM, AJrg rrr48rtlx - 2-B cm n rrocraBuTb rovxy Er: ' EE1 : 1-1'5 crr'

V1nunenue iluHuu wleq.eaoeoruaa cnuvrcu rua noca1rcy npamofi nunneit, npoAoJrTo.rxpr IO ra E, coeAr{Ht4Tb
IICIIB JIIzTHIIIOnJIerIa OT TOTIKIII E1 Ha paCCTOflHI{e, COOTBT-

crByroulee rrany $nryprr. Hanplrmep, AJrff rrpo[opq]ronarbuo cJro]rcennofi @vt rypbl JrrrHrrronpoAoJrrrcalor Ha 1,5 cu, AJrff cyryJrofi ua2,5-B cM, AJrrrneperra6lrcrofi - na 1 cu.

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Illupurua saOHeeonoJrornvut4a no Jrut+uut+usa, Or ro.ffin Br Ao JrrarrrrrrHr{Ba [poBecrrr rrpffMyro, TrapaJlJreJrbHyro JrrrHrrn EH, N rrocraBrrrb rouxy Hr, rtr{Ba rrJrarbe Mo}rcno Or ro-mra H, rnpano rro Jrprnvrra pacrullp]rrb rra 4-5 cu, raK troraaarro rra rro )rceJrau?rro treprexce fiyrrKTr{pHofi nrxuefi . fllatre Knrrgy no rurraurvr 6orcosoro ruBa or Jrtrnurl 6e4ep Morrcer 6rrrr npffMoe (co runou unn 6ea mua), paclur4peHHoe r{Jrrr SayrrceHHoe. OQopmneruuernallueaoit, aatmavrcu Ha cnuvrce Ilhapuny crrurrxu (orpeaorc lC) paa4ear{Tb norroJrarr rr rrocraBrarb rorrxy 12. Or rorrrrr 12 BHr{arrpoBecrn rrpsMypro Ao Jrvrnvrvl6e4epu fiocraBltrb rorrxy B, rra [epeceqeuurr c rz.uueftraruwl [ocraBrltrb rorrry 81. Or ro.rxn B1 BJreBo orJrotrcrdrb 2 cmra nocraBrarb roqKY Bz: B1B2=2 Cu. Or rorrxlr 81 BrrpaBo orJroficrrrb 2 cac.u nocr4Brrrb
tOtIKy BB:

n1n3- 2 cu. Or ro.mu f2 BHIrB no rrpgMofi or.nontrrrb orpeoon .qnranofi4-b cwrrr or roqxfi B BBepx - 4-5 cu.

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.I'tI,LTII

rnf raxgor elnusl,orou o.ranYee engodursg 'V '(e 'czd) y'OI 'Ig 'I,I 'm 'rJ gg rII 3Ig .zH .H .g ..L ,J .V :wexrro,r, ou.r.r[OxOdu ns,LeIfU Innn.lorou olenVee rnn4odx rsa vrvrnvrlraIv nd.{..lnoy 'rrq,Lrru exglodnrrg'g o.renYue elnnn,rorou '(e gg 'cud) nrg.'vI 'm ttJ t& tg tg'.L tJ tV:9{I)r}ro'l ou 'rr[ox V'OI -odrr uxedrg r,rlrHnuc ux4odnrsa uryruvtrr anndf;,noX4

'rg tI4 tm trJ rIJ'8g 'g-v'zg 'J'J tV:nBlrhor ou 'lr[ox -odu e$r,rr rrlrurrrrc ungodnrse vftrnutu arsnddl,noX4 'soraruuc 'so,r,acdox 'noedrg osumorr pldr rc -,radesroucu nedol.on 'e@rar I,rlrHrrlrcen4lodxrrg '1 'ungrodursa anlnordVarc s,Lzl'dlfou onllcon Brrrrrr etnran,roron o,ranYeeztrrelder' d.woneonco og 'a:re.r,dar' eH oueelrou lrelr 'q.LrrunVaoc8s 'g-V 'zs 'g-V ulrr.o;. rlnonrmorc n o.ro.roodurO'rq'r.rm e*(gey

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-n _ : - 18 , c r u. *, I r cn +I:7

lnydwna eopJloautdb Or ro.rxrz B sHraafio JrutluwrcepeArrHbrnepeAa orJrorr [ocra'r(r{Tb orpesort, pannrrft urrrpr{He fopJroBr,rHbr, nurs roury V: BY: BJI: 7 crvr.

Or ro.rxz B no nynrcrr.rpnofi Jrurnvrur,4e;rarqeftyroa ndnonam, orJroxcrrrb orpeoor, pannufi rrrupllHe r{ rJry6vrne rop;roBrrnbr, u flocraBrzrr rouxy 7. eaa eopJlosurdbl O Qopwne ruue6bLp To-rxra JI, 7 , V coeAr,Igr,rrbn.napuoft ttulg'ueit. III upuu.a wleva nonovrcu IO}I - 1,5 cwr: 13,5 - 1,5 : 12 crvr. Illupurua nJreva orl ?opnoturlbl 0o nepeoit.nunuu rbLmavrcu Or ro.tcn JI sneso orJrox{rarb rperbro qacrb Mepxrz ttruplrHbr fiJreqa noJrorrnl4r{ flocraBrrrr rouxy O:
4 A. Cornqem

' 1zg dxeedJo aurirhfiros ou ursused 'Hoead,Lo6z9 uunvrr ou guu{or,r,o '4oadau o[II u]rrrrrqa. vrurlJult Eodo,ra d.nnr[ a,rrnrnaedrsg 'slr4H[Veoc zg d.nr.ol,u 6 dnr'ol, ordnnar'dro11 Tt\IcV:OIf:OIl :6 Axno.r qlr,rsrcorr lr 'OIf fxead -ro EtrqHsed txoeed.lo 'o 'r 'uut.orforr BrrarrrrrsHzdr,rm slad& qJr.rx{orlo mtr,1lr4r.rHr4r orr osars W lr]rhor J,O ntho ta1qsTou g frdzou anu atrwdoQg 's,tuur4[aoc I [ .m n]rhoI

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101

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nocrpoenrre qeprerrca arraJlor[quo ,{arrneftnree ocHoBHoro qepTe]*{aIIJrarbfl . rrocTpoeH?rro K cepe4rrne uepeAa trceJrareJrbHo Aarb npla6anxy corJracno rroJrorlerc Sacoay fi Bvr4y r43AeAJrrr BaxoAa Jrttfi. Jlll'r^vro 6oxoeoro rrrBa raft)rce oSopvlrarr corJrac(nprra;renHoe' rrpffMoe' no $acony Lr BrrAy pla.qeJrrrs pacuupeHnoe xnray). IutJI}I Balou{eecs cy)I{fi Vepmem nnatnbfl.

pv ro apuza pquofuanbrro cnoilcew'rr,a ruaruenpono


flprawreuaa orrllcanuble Hrrllce [paB]rJIa pacr{eroB vr rrocrpoenrrs qeprelrca, MolrcHococraBJrarb nsrrcpoftrcz na Herrpofiopqr4ouaJrbuo cJrotrceurrbre' fioJrrrbre Quryprt n (prryprr c HeflpoilopqrroHaJlbno paaBlrrbrM 6roctovr. ,{annrrfi qepre}rc cocraBJreHna Snrypy c crrJrbxo paaBr.trbrM6roctou. [.na nocrpoerrr{Jr qepre}Ka fiJrarbff (puc. 64) Hy]rcrrbr cJreAyroqfie MepKlI (n canruuerpax): 1) uo;ryorpyrrcuocrb ruera(fIOlI\ - 17,5; 2) nepnaa rrorryorpyfituocrb rpyAlr (nofl) - 4I; 3) nropaa rroJryorcpyxcrrocrb rpyArr (IIOfz) - 48; 4) no;ryoxpyrrcHocrb rarrurur(IIOT) - 38; 5) uonyorcpyrrcHocrb 6e4ep ([OB) - 52; 6) nononzna ruupurrbr crlr{Hxr4 (nIlC) - 16; 7) uo.nonzua rurpr4ubr repeAa (IIIIID - 16; 8) 4nuna pyraBa (AP) - 60; 9) 4;rraua crrrHKI4 Ao rarrulz (ACT) - 38; 10) 4rvna repeAa Ao rarrlav (AIIT) - 38; 11) xonrporrbuan Mepna (KM) - 45,5; (AI,I) - 110. 12) 4.rrnna I{B,qerrrafl flpr,r6anrca na cno6o4noe o6.neraHre (np) - 4 ctvl (ne nocroanna).

JUtr - JCI

+ rucn*r#:JV

zufirrel, otr eVedeu tslaulry u vwrrel, oV zgnuuc rsHr,rr[ raltrerrdarurtvncer,t ral,coneed BHr{fiorrou corrrrr r rc 9 corru vfl(d.r rzlconrrztdxoltrou goadeu rurdanr saedr qrrxcor.Lo er,rHs r4)rhor rO V ndfiznp ( Uotrfiufic ) 4ouuaxorrc oltuonerDli srre ng ftde nnHnlr anHnff olto If .rterd&r{.c errelc rrdzt"rz@r,tlour4r rlrrlrrl -naned,Lcodnced wnr^rc cehgraC .wotr mzlndc ,rdne,r,c rcvrvoYau exnoJfou u exdawradu o,r, ,snHa]xorcorof LI.ICOHHa9OCO lfslq.lrr.d an .lra,rdAn s.Lr{odJc vn-rcg nxnutudou qoHutlquo rnHohautDg *

I 'rucoz:e+ # : ^ " n * t-ou: Jv


:; z{.xr'o,re,rae -B,r,couut ftc g uxaegrdu corrfi ztrz{d.r ra.r,conncddxoz{,n -ou goadeu undanr 8/, slzrrorro er{Hs r.r}rhol J,O V ng fide nnltnlr anHaMoro II

'wc

Zg : V + gp : drr + zJOII : I\fV


namBnHnII'

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2nnHnuJ nung adaa BnHnII, (e 79 'cr,rd)otnnutaotou oeaHgve anuaodtacoy ' (z(drfu uS ordnnarrorc ousruuorrIr -douodu eH nq,Lgrrr orunaodlcou x woa.LcfosoHdd wrsH -rrorr c scarlrrdesc ,Bunoodl,cou nrrrrroursa) evna nron -nalnedxoc a oHeVdd,t.rn$ or^dnnaxcorcousrrHoufidou -oduer H rtsr.rer[ errca.r,da]l rurreod,rcorr ar{HBcLIuO dilourrcorc x o,ro.rcodu,r.g.is

Teopna -

octroBa nparcTilrcrr

105

6,8

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nxHnul oundnlg rruunnoJ,cou) ruc 0Z : gI dagag nnHn'n anHaJrcolro If .WC 88: .LCV:.LV

'(enrrrrras

nnrtDlu oOnilHnuJ oantrfr I

TCI _.Liltr

I\Ic I " +' r' -J o I r : . I V

iuturrgl, oV hruHuuc rsHr,rrf Ia r{rrrrB.LoV eVadeu rsrrlrrf lrnrexdew .d.[txayu ra.r,coneed Hr{sorou c.d.nrEr,u wc g corrrrr vtrr(d.t rr,rconncr{.dnodrou 4oadau lrxdarar s,Lad,L<rrr,rucor&oeuus V r,rlrho.r .LO ndfien@ ( q oucngneadau ) ToltHaJreorr J outengneadau Blrg ngfide nnHnn anHawolroll rfuroxncorcg o.ro,raodu r0.B<rrnm errr(gey

90r

Teopns - ocuoBa rrparcrrrrcrt Barcotna pocmrca PIO: 2,5 -+ 0,L cu Ha paBMep.

107

Crcocnneva cnuHrcu

EE1: 1-1'5 cu' noca}rcy Vdnunenue nneva cnuHrcuru.a E#: 1'5 ctu'

III uput+anJleva. cnuH.tcu


IOI,I: 12,5 cu (rauepnrr).

tuaa flonotteruue Jluruuu dorcoeoeo npofiurr (orpeeox CfI) paa4eJrrrrb roroIlkpnny ;rau. Or norytretgofi ro.mu orcryrrr,rrb I cilr s cropony
CIIIIHKII U IOCTABIITTb TOIIKY T:

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BBr:

- 48 rIoE - rror2 : - 52 -Z-:2eu.


2

'rNa rJO11- ZJOU g'g: rucg'g :l-c +,-9__: [i1 U: "JOII :danrvrduell .rNc 9.0 orr srlr,rsegrdu.la.{[arrc LrJcoH -eed nrc grsYncen en d.r,arrced d.wonsoHcox o.r,,wc 7_g 1 omquawlaVdg tJOU r4 ZJOII z{.[ncam slcoueed ]rrrcg

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:dewzduell .wc 9.0 qrcahrsrsLrrcoH -eed rrc 1 glstrrxex en e,lenced oJonsoHco ez o,r,.lrc 7_g am<rrrog,raV.{g rJOU er UJOU dyrralt s,tconeed krrrcg

'rNc a:

8 tJor : V U

:rra ensed,ratrfg IJOU rd UJOIf ztVrranrs,Lcoueed f-g - osedus ae uznalnar,radau radu ?rrcg 'rrcsr,LmqHarrud 'naqreslrtrrras.d. laVdg t4 ur.errirs enuglt rl o,r,. rrwgrodu dnodo.lc g 'o 'r 'oaarfs s.Le|nerNadeu r4rrcg ['dnr.ol ' r4rrheJnrs gonV.(d.ren ztnragzftr,r sreaodurdl -ad on ncor,rr [' raxrrol nieranalnar,tedall anuo a aw n d11

'ruc 9'p: 9'r-

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rrc 9.r- .#:

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nHhoutns nang fire rnaatt agaduo B1t g oahout tnHqtaun) 2ow ouJg @ Vg' cud) o lnnuut otr ou o eaHOad au anu ao du c o I
rllronncora n o,rorcodu rO .B<rJ,lrm;ilrbsv

80I

Teoprn -

ocrroBa nparcrnrcl

109

IIOI2- IIOII : 1 cu: fIA:


B epu,turuaaopJro sutrbl

ry

* 1 cu : ? cM.

z Au:!9L, *1cm:T.1
Illupuna eopnoauvbL

:2bcnn.

BJr:
Inyduna

rroilr * l cru-t7'5 3
eopnoauttbL

* 1: z crvr.

BY: BJI: 7 cu. Ill.upurua nJleva noJloqfiu


IOn - 1,5 clr : L2,5 - L,5: 11 cu. Mupuna nJleva orn zopiloauHbl 0o nepeoit Jlutdun.Bblrnavrcu

**ry* Jro:

: T:B,bcu.

B c no.lnoearLe JLbHa,flrrlovrca 1na aanpaoneHu& JLUHUUnne$egozo ULAAnOJrOatrcU

flof, CIII: ---4

+ 0,5 cM:

48 , + 0,5 :12,-o cttr. 4

O Q opnn eruue n Jleve6oit, eat rnavrcu

M(D: JrO: 3,5cu.

.rsdd.ra$ &roHualrc -orc ouqrreuoufidouodu nrV enceldar, oJoHsogco ravtH -aodlcou o eraVeed s arqgHarcrar.adau.lrxuodurqg ocs slr,rodlcou ora]rcow rsg d.uce,tdar, ^fluoHnerrd.rou o11 . anca.r,dar, BH oHeBlr -orr )r1r 't^aouuntt uouaru ururtel orvrnurrt r,rutudo@g 'rNcg'97 : IAIII: xlf :x,{.xr'o.r,q.Lr4sBJco[u raxdar,rilonsrod.Lrron ;(nurcV rrrr4lrcorf.Lo vrurrvrrr4ondz.lnndu on er4us II. lrxhor .rO nnllD1u nnHnlf og nungolrdoe nunmdas 1uo nthotrou ounrfr 7' : 't\r,z: 8V - Z9 -*--3-:"eE aJOU - gott

dagag nnHnlt ou otnnuutolrou oeaHgadauoandna7 'slfiHutsaoc t ttzt ulrhoJ, 'mtc 9'6:zw nxholrou ogm oeosoxog nnHn,n anuatrwdoe1

r\rcz : ela
nyholfou ohatu coJtc

8\ I c T 'Iircc:T--:y 8v

'

e 'Joil

nuhaltou nwryodu snaarwdoeo mrg nu hola alc.\Lclf a1A0 2OW OU eg 'wc g'l : g'g - horrrrenzdum.:66 II OIf nxholrou Dhatu aouou)o
,tniouncorc n olo.r,codu r,O.rr.rrum eufgey

OII

Teopua - ocrroBarrparcrurr

111

pA ft&sa pmeJ,c oOn'otaoaH,oao O cn o eruoti q,e


Pyrar - Aera-Tb He MeHee Ba)fiHag, rIeM rroJroalrcrt firr:z cfiurnna. Pyrcana Moryr 6rrrr pacruupenHbre rrJlr,r KOpoTRr{er.4JrI{Saylr(eHHble, oAHO- l4Jrlr AByXLUOBHbTe, nofi n rprr rrerBepru rroJrHoft 4.rrnrr rrJrr,rAJrLrHHbre KOHtIuKrr naJlbqeB. HacToJrbKo,tITo SaKpbrBaroT rrepre}rca pyKaBa (puc. 65) Hyrrclrbr ,{.na nocrpoerrrrrs cJreAyroqze MepKlI (e caururvrerpax): 1) nepnaa norryonpyrrcHocrb npyArr (flofl) - 4I; 2) nropaa rorryorcpylrrrocrb rpyAra (fIOf2) - 48; 3),q.nranapyxaBa (AP) - 60. npamoft yroJr c eepurnnofi n ro'me A. flocrporrr pyrcaaa flnuu.a Or ro.mn A nuraa orJro*crrrb Mepny AJrlirrrbrpyraBa r.rrrocraBrrrs rouxy H: AH: AP: 60 cu.

Illupurta eepxneit. vacrnu pArcaaa Ot ro.rxra A nnpano orJrolrtr4Tb rperb Meprrr BTopofi no;ryonpylrcHocrrd rpyAr,r rrJrroc3 crr u [ocraBrrrb rouxy A1:

A A r : r y * a c n:rT . B : l e c r u .
Or ro.*cz H nnpano npoBecrr4 rrp.fiMyro Jrrrg]rro, uo AA11 I,I fiocraBr{Tb touHy H1: AJrr{HepaBHyro Jru]d.utla HHl: AA1.

ToqHz Ar, Hr coeAr{Hrrrb. Batcoma orcamapArcosa Or ro.rxw A nnraa orJrolrctaTbrrerBeprb Mepmlr BTopofi nonyoxpylrcnocrrr rpyArr rrJrroc 3 cu u rocraBrrb rouxy E:

'D[c 9'6 :

6I

z : z ov 5.r:

:g dx -ho,Lqwrsercou q.luraleed r\411noeadl,g rr ruBrrorrou osoufid o'uoxo ounpadaX 'slzHuVaoc 8H u eg nxr,o;, .rgrg: *HrH

:811d.xr'ol, q&prsercoil ra .8gI[I vrkrnurr-r or.rtnged 'orvrufirr orflrrdu lr;,cegodu osedus rg unrrol, .r,g '"Hw zg rannol,al,rannyao3 .zgg:.HH :211dxr'o.r q.Lprsercou z .zgg wrzlr.nt or/t:r. -ged 'orr4unr orztrttrdn ulcagodrr osarg H r,r]r]ror ,tO

.rNc , v *s's e,6:;: fr;:


:eg fnr'ol. q&fiaercou ra 'eseudd rzJcer. fianxdag rsHlrlrV arrvgororr ord.nged 'otuwvrrr orz{.r,trdu rnlcagodu oeedue Ig raurrol, l,6

.r^c : 2 :-a:rg" 9 . 6 6 r tw
:zg dnr'ol q,LnsJcorru ,esex.d.dr4rc]r ganxdaa rqnzr[ en -r4soro[ odHsed 'orfilakrr.t nlcesodu osars g rz]rhoJ rO osoufid nl.aJDh qattJrcnHoundnly 'rg ^rf.xr.o.r, irrr4serco[ z .r\rv nr,rnxn ordn -sd 'oruHr4r or.d.rusdu n.lcesodrr osedug g u]rho.LJO

'rrcer:I+*u:^"I*-fu:sv
frronucorc u o,ror,aodurO .rsrum e*(gey

zTl

Teopua - ocrroBarrparcTrrnu
4
6

113
9 A 1

6"X
E1

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B1

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B2

9,5\

B3

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H5 H2

o1
H1 H4

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Ha

Puc.65 Bc nouo eameJlbtrbLe moqrcu 1na oQopuJleHua orcama pArca*a Or ro.mz A euraaorJrolrcr4Tb noJroBr4Hy Bbrcorbr oxaTa, T. e. orpeaxa AE, uznyc 1 cu z fiocraBr{Tbrorrxy a: 1< ^^i A E _ ^ Aa : I cru : = _ 1 : 6,5 crvr.

Or ro.rnra A, nnrna orJroiltritrb [oJroBrruy Bbrcorbr


OKaTa LI UOCTaBVTb TOtIKy al: ,

'tHro - toH :rg dx -ho,l qrrlrsrcorrrdvrrrforrou s,Lzraveed Ig11 noead,r'O oeoafid osnH nnHntr anuatrwdoQg

'rII'drrhor qr,LuaJcou pr '8gzg ztneed -,r,oorrtnaed 'orrallur a,r,casodu osedua il'Ltlrho.t rO 6nHnU' BUtNOlr 'INc Z : II'U

sl,lre :11'l(xr'o.r, -rco[rr rr ruc Z <Irnxcorf.r,o'r,arfIarc xdasa U rr]r]tor rO

'tHu:

trtg

. ' :11dxno'r. <rllrsercou lr rlrorrou s,tfiratseed zHzg noeed,l6


anHaucoT oa BTAAOtnn17n1f 'axe.r,derr Brr oHBeBlroil lrelr 't4arluwt 4touseru s.LurllVeoc I 'g 'Ig 'g'I 'O 'g'I 'e 'e 'zg I4]IhoJ nsoxfid 01a0to anuattwdofug 'I^[c q,tr4x{orl,o 1re urnuuru )t wor'rf rarrsrtr I -rdu Vou auus u v{Irfonons.Luratreed 1Ie xoeadlg 'r,rtc reguuuutr n nior'rd wrsw qrrrlffolrro g'I-I -rdu sJ,uraVeed Ieg noeed'16 IuI vrlelrorrorr xdass [or 'rruc g'I-I tlouwtrY xoeadl,o ilrr4u{or,Lo Oe vftrnvrlr n nior.rd ntrsw -rdn [ou xdase rr v\Iulrolrous,trzratseedge noeadr.g 'wc qrldxcor,ro ezg vrvrrultt x l{orlzt wrslN Z -ndu tror euus fi rllelronoil q,LfiraVged ezg noead'r,g 'urtrsrrBdu s,LunzVaoc 'Ig 'O 'e'zgglrlrhog, I 'ruc qluu{or,ro xdeag eg unrro.r lg I

.w cg , ,L :

z
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,(ruonrrorc n o.ro,rcodurO'sqrrrm eu,tgey

Teopua -

ocuoBa rrparcTrrKtr

115

Or roqxz H sxns orJrorfirrrb 1 cru u rrocraBurb rorrrcYHo: ,. , ,, Or ro.rrcra H, nnepx orJrox(r.rrb 2 cttttpt nocraBrrrb roury Hu: HtHu :2 cm. HHa: 1 cnr.

Or ro.rrdr,rH, aoepx orJrolrtl4Tb 1 cu u nocraBlrrb roury Hu: HgHo: 1 crr. To.rxz H1 }In, Or, Hs, Hu coe4unr4Tb rrJraBrroft nuttneft, KaK norcagano Ha qeprex{e. Konrypnrre Jrvrnurut nrrxpoftrv pynaBa npoxo.4ffTno roqnaM:F,2, 2, a, L,5, O, 1,5, &1,3, 1, Es, JI1, H6, H5, 01, }J4,H2, JI, Bz. * SamevaHu& onblmno{t nopmruuxu pacqera AJrfl [ocrpoeHr{fl [rprpr4rbr H Mero4zry BbICOTbT OKaTa pyKaBa rc ocHoBHOMyrrepTe)ffy rrJraTba Ha HenponopqnouaJrbr{o cJroxeHHyrc Ourypy percoMeugyercfl [poLrsBoAr,rrb rro Mepxe uepnofi rroJryorpylnHocTr,rrpyAr{: AAl ' : fIOf, -;--+ 3 4 elll: L1 = 3 4: 17,6 crvr.

fIOf' A1 AB :--* 4 cu : :i + 4 : 14,2 cv^. + 4 ,{a;rrnefturee [ocrpoeHr,re qepreJrca BbrnoJrn;rercff aHarorr{qHo nocTpoeHrrro ocHoBHOrOqepTerfia oIHorrroBHoro ySKoro pyKaBa.

'r^rc . : 9'6

z
6I:

rW:

OV

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.y\ic 9.6 :

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6I

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osoufid nla)Dh qaHilcnu oundn111

v:gV ' w c q T : 8 * Av p:8+ijOU


o eou fid outorto Dl,uo crsg 'wc 8 8 OI : g +g?: ^" g + -rJon: 'ItV osnufid nucnn 4auxdaooundngy

'r rc : 0 9 d r:

Hv
oeoxfid ountfi!

'uguxr{d eu{arde}' oJoHsoHco orprnaod.r,cou }r l{r^rrf -zlrxdd.lcnr{ r4rrFrugodtrou c rce,r4rdaac erra.r,dar:'utuua -odl,cou radn d.niol,eou'onrrolnednoc onef eseurtd o.ron -ezt o.ronsomorrlo enca.lder' granaod.r,couar.ruecr{uo 'ZZ - (aHm) eseudd eetnHeuudrrm (g :Og - (4[) uaeur(d euvrV (g :8f - (.tOU) rVrtd.r srcoHx{,tdxo.drou redolu (1 : (xedlawra,lnuc a) rnxdanr arlnorAYenc rs Hxcdu (gg 'crad) eselr,td o.roxed exe.Ldar, rr.rneod.r,cou rrfl

oeoxnd oaorrefr.oeoueomoHqo ilcauda h


,{ruosnconc n orolcodu J.O'rrqrum e*(gey

9II

Teopraa -

ocuoBa uparcrr{Kil

t17

arna pA rca6d Bc nouo earrlenbHble ftLovrcuorc 1 < ^ AB lcrvr:'" - 1 :6,5cvr. Aa:

A,u,:*: 2

*2 :

z , bc w r .

Jlunua orca.rlapArcaaa Toqxra E,z, 2, a, lr5, O, 1r5, &1, 3, 1 coe4ranrarr nrasuofi :ll,zuueft, KaK rroKa3ano Ha rreprexce. JIuuua Jlorcm,fl B, ' JI: E,}I, 2 ^ 45 2

Jluruua tuaa sa}neit vacmu pAwasa Or ro.rrz JI nnpaeo fio Jrvrnvrfi JroKTfl orJrorrcr4Tb 1,5 cu n [ocraBr4rr rouxy JI2: JIJI2: 1,5 cn. Toqxu F,2, JI2, H coe4uunrr upauofi, rpoAoJrlnuB JrvtHI/nO BHLI3 0T TOrIKt4 H ga 2 CM, I/t [OCTaBI/tTb rOUHy Ha:

HHr:

2 cu.

Jlut+ua uaa nepe1rueitvacrnu pAtcaoa Or ro.rxra H anparo orJro*crrrb Mepny rrrr{puHbr Hr{pyxaBa 14nocraBrarr rouxy Hu: Ba HHr: IIIHP :22 cll.

To.rrz Ee, Hr coe4rrnrrrb r{ Ha rrepeceqeHrruc Jrvrrlurefi norcrs nocraBurb rorrry JI3. Or rotrxur JI3 e.nenono Jrvrrvrkr JroKTtrorJrorcr,rrb 1,5 cu u nocraBrzrr rourcy JIo: JIeJIa: L,5 cu.

urr 'rarvr,rr

'ance.rdarr. BH olrBeglrou grousBrtt q.Lrlull[aoc 9H .t11.,8g pr]rhoJ 'WC 9'I:nHnH :s11,txr'or. xdaes s11vxrrol,rg

qrusa.t,corr H nrc 9.1 qrrtrcorro 99'clrd

rft,nonncorra x o.rol,codu ro .Bqrlrru eurtgey

8II

Teopur -

oenoBa rrparcrrflc[

119

OQopnnerute nuHuu rluaa pArc&B& To'rru Ho, Ha coeAuHr{Tb u.nannofi nltrIduetrt. Korrrypnrre rvrlavrlanrrxpoftrn pyxaBa npoxoAffT rlo F,rr 2, a, t,5, O, L15, 8y 3, L, Ba, JI4, H6, H4, TorIKaM: H, Jr2,F,z. Vepmem ileyxwoonoeo pyt &6a [nyxruoensrfi pyxan cocror{T rrs AByx uactefi, vto BbroTMeHfleT rreo6xo4uuocTb B AorroJrHr.ITeJIbHbrx Taqrax. Taxoft Tr{[ pyrcaBa HaablBaror r,rrorAa py6ailEqIIbIM.

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TaJrurra fipoBecrrr npffMyro Or ro.mz 9,5 4o Jrvrravrfi !r orJro*rprrr na nefi 9-10 clt. Iny6rana Bbrrarrrrr 4 cnn. O$opurm Bbrrarlry, HaK [oKaSaHo Ha qepre]Re. nrrxpoft xra [oJlotrrc]r fipoxo,qff r Kon rypnrr e Jrurlavrvt rro rorrxaM: Y, fl, T1, T2, 2, 9-LO, 2, 3r5, 2, 3,5, rI, JI, Y. LO-L?,4,t,It,2,5,lfi, flpuuevaruue flo nrrxpoftrce 4anHoro nuSa Molrcno rocrpor,ITb nu@ c rleJrbuonpoeubrM Kopornr,rM pyrcaBoM, y4JrvtrrlrB
JIUI]dUTto IIJICIIEBOTO IIIBA CIII{HKIzI I4 NOJIOqKIUI HA 5_7 CU

rayMeHbru:ar rlydrzuy npofiwrrr na 1 crvr,KaK rroxaoaHo Ha rrepre)rce nyurcrnp laoit nrz,raueit. Vepmem pqrcaa& fi npunezarcuterwA nuQA rlacro rpr4Jreranqnfi xuS Koncrpyrzpyror AJrs rop,KecrBeuHbrx, Beqepu[x uJrrrcna4e6nrrx nrarres. Tor,qa, coorBercrBeHno, cranoBr4Tcn Heo6xo4r4MbrMpyB o,4elr{.qe xan. flpe4yflpexcAaeM, rrro r4rparb B TeHHr/rc qro TaH [pe,4ycMorp]rc raldllM pyHaBoM HeBoBMoErno! TeJrbHoHe craBbre rrepeA co6ofi rleJrrr coBeprrrarb rrrr,rpyKaMu. poKne r4Jrrr BpanlaTeJrbHbre,qBulrceHrTff qepre)Ka pyxaBa K nprrJrerarcule[.rs nocrpoeHrrff r"ry nu$y (pzc. 70) HylrcHbrcJleAyloilIr4eMepKr.I(n canrnmerpax): 1) nropaa rroJryonpyxcuocrb rpyALr (IIO|2) - 48; 2\ p4uwa pyxaBa (AP) - 48. Ouracanrae fiocrpoeHrrfl rlepre]rca pyraBa K nprlJrerarorrleMy Jrlr@y4auo coxparrleHuo. lnuna pAKasa AH:.IIP:48 crrt.

vacmu pArcaaa, Illupur+a aepxrue{t.

tu\, ' :{91'* 3 2 cu :& 3 + 2 : 18crvr.

sl[rnHrz[eocZ 'T'zgkrtrho;, 'fic I q,Lurxor,ro osedus :rvr:n -oraV fi)rhor ,Lofi rrrouor qrrrrraYeed 7zg noeedtg wc qlr,rxcor,r,oxdess r4)rhol, J,O Z 7 's.Lr,rHr,rleoc 'rruc V'zg ra]rho; ? q.L[r,r*tr{orlo egvtra vrvrlalrlf orr osedua 211 znr.ol, .lg osoufrd nla)Dh qaHOoeosm tnHnII' 'enca.ldarr ,urapt:aurt H oHe)rou )r)r Xtousru 'B .g.0 ,zg r4]r]roJ, s . t u H u [ e o c8 g ' g ' I ' r e ' I ' O ' T osoafrd outotto anuatwdo$1 'sodeweed xaca rnV arsuuno,rcorr eseudd ol]ro s fitrhoJ arruqrre.r,co

'qOIl',HVrIf r4OHSEril

'Ilrc -rrfo,:"'o :r 9 #:r^icr


' n t c gz: - + : r r c z
__:?tr g\/

osoufid outoJro an',talrwdoQomrg nxhola alqHqt alaD2owou )g

'r^rc 6 - : 8: : I

:-:

ov

osox fr.d outDrtoounpada 3 'rrc6:

z
gI:

: egtg

.'\rc 6:# :+ :.ss


oeouftd nut?Dh qaHtcnu oundngT

'ruc tr : z +J- : wc z + r;fu,: "o


osoxfid ounuo nluoclsg
^dlrornrcorc n oro.r.codu rO 'Brrrilm eu{gey

Teopun - ocnoBa rrparcrrrrcr

135

Jluruua wea nepe}mett vacmu pyrcaaa Hr{Ba orJro}rct4Tb Or ro.rnrr H3 n.rrenofio JrurHurfi 2 cvt. To.rxra F,z, 2 coe.qr,rur4Tb. Or ro.rxra 2 neepx orJroxcr.rrr 2 cu. Orpesox Er2 paa4enrzrrbnorroJraMr.ror rorrnrir AeJreHrrfl BJreBo orJrolrrrrb 1 cM. To.rfiu 83, 1, 2 coegnnrzrs n.nanuofi :lwuuetrt. 6oit.eatmavrcu O Qopnneruue Jlotcme Hr{Ba pyxaBa or rorrru H nnpano orJroflo :nraraln:a 'rcrurrb1 crvru or rorrKrr 1 nnpaao - uy6nny BbrrarrKrr (4 cwr). l;ry6rany Bbrraqmr4pasAeJrvtrb[onoJraM r4or rorrrcrr ,qeJreHr4s BBepx orJroxcrrrrb AJrkruyBbrrarrxr{ (7 cu). Toqxn L,7, 4 coeArrHr4Tb. OQop,twneruue Huaa pyrcasa To.rnu 2, I coeguulrrb rrpsMoft nuu'ueft, a rouxu 4, 2 - nnasuoit nntauef1 KaK rroxaaauo Ha qepretrce. Konrypusre ilvrluuurnrrxpofirr-r pyxaBa [poxo,qffT no T o q f t a M :E , 2 ,l , 2 , l , 7 , 4 , 2 , l , 8 3 , 1 r 5 , L v l , O , 1 , a , 0,5,82. Vepmew nu$a, c qenbH,orcpoeflwltJ npu nea&K)u+u n pv rca6orr, u tl&cfnoauryefi Pyxar c JracroBrrqefi noasorser ABr{rarbcrr nyrb 6oree cso6oAno, qeM pynaB 6es nacrosnqrr. O4narco He HacToJrbt(ocno6o4no, .no6rr geaarb yrpeHuroro rnnnnacrr,rxy! ,{na uocrpoenrrs treprerrcanu$a c pyKaBoM AaHHoro rlrra (puc. 71) uyxcuu cJre,qynulue Mepxn (n carrnvrerpax): 1) no;ryoxpyrrcHocrb rreu ([IOI[) - 18; 2) nepraa noJryoxpyrcuocrb rpyAlr (IIOI') - 45; 3) nropaa rroJryolcpy*cuocrb rpyAkr (IIOI2) - 48; 4) noayoxpylrcuocrb rarruru (IIOT) - 38; (fIIIIC) - 17,5; 5) no;ronuna urupr{Hbr crr4rHrcr( 6) nononnna ilrrapnHbrrrepeAa(nIIIn) - L7,5; 7) gauna pyKaBa (AP) - 6O nau 2O;

.dayreed en r,,tc I.0 + g : OId ouutcod D'tiloJlcg

'r*c L: r - +9: rlcr - +-4-: moil 8r


7 . ^ rg i T.g: -O r: v

av

otrtucod oundnly

#:

r,
+

nwt^todu nundnm nHnsoto If

'rr;:c g'Zl:

go1+ J-

: r/rca'0 + ,r""

: UC

nar4odu oundnly

'nc9'8r :9'2.

: wcg'7+ .=fu : c.r


nHHnltJ oundnly

. 'rrc e+ufu:.rv rz: s. * : rlc


np fidz nnrl n1r anH a Jffo1ro II

'wc

Zg : V + 8? : du +ZJOU :t 1;y nam BnlTnIt

'wa 8s: Jctr: rv

'rNc f

nnln)la oO nHHnuJ oHn1rv (e 12'cud) ntHnu) anuaodtacoy (du) eune.rergo eonVogosc H exaugradll '89 - (,f,UD vwfirel oV eVadau euurV (6 :89 - (.tC[) urunar oV raunpruceuurV (g
eufgey

.rfuronxora u ololaodu rO'r<rrlrm

98r

Teopua -

ociloBa rrparcTrrnrr

r37

nneva cnuHrdu rua noca1rcy V1nurueruue To.+cn IO, E coeAwrrrrb, rrpoAoJrlnllB JrlrHvrro Ha 2 cttt, tt [ocraBrrrb rouxy ]I:

E.Id- 2 cvr. II[upuna nJlevacnuHrcu


IOI,I : 14 cv. (zsrvrepurr). tu6d cnuHrcu OQopuneruuenuHuu nJlevenoeo IOE or.rroxnrr 4 ctu Or ro.rxra IO rnpano no Jrvrnuru (ne.rrraurana nocroannaa). Or ro-rnra 4 r:gus rroA rrpJrMbrM yrJroM orJrolr(r4Tb 0,5 cwr.To.rxu IO, 0,5, E,I,Icoe4laHlrrb. Bc nono eameJLbtdble movrcu JLuHuupArcasa, 1na ruanpaaneHu,n Or ro.rxu E nnpano rro Jrurnvrfiruer4 orJror$rrr 3 cm (ne.nrauunarrocrofl HHaa) ra nocranrarr rouxy,{: E.I[: 3 crvr. Or ro.rxx fI naepx rro,q fipffMbrM yrJroM orJrox(?rrb L2,5 ctt ll fiocraBnrr rouxy ffr:

flflr: '

flor" ---

4A + 4 0,5 cM:+4 + 0,5 :12,5 cvr.

To.rnu A, flz coeAr.rnrrrb, [poAoJr]rcvtB Jtutnurro BnpaBOnpor{sBoJrbHo. B c no no earnenbHble m,ovtcu dna oQopnJleHu,flmo}pesa dna nacmo6ut4bl Or ro.rxz IC eHzs rro JturHnnKr or.noncrarr 5 crvrv nocraBrrrb rorrxy K1 (nauano no4pesa): KKl - 5 cu (ne"nnqrirua nocroannaa).

TL
o

'crrd

9'?

.ro

e
9'Z

I'Od

rtl

tr eS

.{nroulrcorrc n o.ro,r.codu r0'rr.rrum erilgey

88r

Teopur -

ocnoBa rrparcTr{rctl

139

Or roqxra C no.rrznra?rrpy,qn BnpaBo or.roxcarr 2 cu (rconeq no4peaa) rzr rrocraBlrrr rouxy Kr: (nelnqr{rra nocroannaa). CK2 : 2 crvr Ilo}peaut lna nacmoeuqbl Toqrfi Kz, Kr coeA?rHrarb (4aa xopornoro pyxana). Or roqrra K, no JrvrnurvK2K1 nnpaBo orJrorrcrrrr 11 clw (4.na 4.nranuoro pyxara). OQopunenue Jrutduudorcoaozotuaa Or ro.rx[ T BJreBo orJro]rckrrb 2,5 cllt r{ [ocraBrrtrb
TOTIKy T1:

TTr : 2,5 cttt (ne.nzvranarre rrocroffHnaa). To.ffiz 11, K1 coeAr4Hutrb. !nururuotit pyrcae lnuna pyrcasa Or ro.rxz ,{ uo .nranr,rn [.flz orJrotrcr.rrbMepxy ,4JrrrHLr pyraBa 14rrocraBlrrr roury II:

AH-AP:60cu.
To.rxfi V, fI, coeArrHt4Tb. Illupuna Husa pAtcaaa Or ro-rxz If nnza rroA rrpffMbrM yrJroM rc nunraz ,I[H (nenra.rraHa orJro*(?rrb 15 crvr He nocroflHnaa). Jluruua HuJtHeeo w6a pArcaaa To.rnra 15, 11,, K, coe4nnnrb Jrlrnr{eft couacno SacoHy. OQopnneruue Huaa pArcana pyraBa BHr4By paaAeJrr.rrbrrorroJraM, or Illzpuny TOqKt{AeJreHUrff BrrpaBorroA npflMbrM yrJroM oTJrolnHTb orpeaorc 4.nranoft1 cnn. To.rnra 15, L, H coeArnuzrb rrJraBHoft. nptwveft,

'wrTz: I +

I : rTcg + "JOLI --q-: Jv 8V


ng fide nnHnlr anHaileono lI

'r,{r

Zg : V + 8? : du +zJOII : 11111
namBnHnIt

' r l c8 8 : J C t r : , l V
nntola oe nHHnuJ DHntE (912 'czd) nthotou anuaodtucoy

'v'oI'g'o ' 9 g . ''v H r ' r ' g r ' r r ' r H' r r ' z ' v ' z ' r ' J ' y : w e x n oo l, u
l,rYoxodu T4)rurrrrc vrrgodxrsa urutnvrlr arsndd.,lnoX,1 'arral,dan H oue)rou )r1r'd.xheJ,rqsslurrdoQ6 axHnuJ 0',t nxho7alqo anHatwdofuO 'slr4FrzVaocr34tIH v]rrro& osoufid otnu oundna7 'INc 0Z : d[: 'tt[

ir,trdsercorr lr egeu^d rsHr.rr[ :r11 ztxr'o.1, rtxdaw qwrxcorl.o 11['uunur on oaedus I uur,o,r,lg naoxfid ountfr e i neaodzl,nede.r r,{usl,e.r,sr.{t -ed grsn nawr6' )rcl,oxudl fiv vr r^tar^E rrr xrsuhfi .r,cr er,r d.YuceVoe[rns o.rongoVou s.Lzod,Lc orfanrc ara]rcow Iqs o,Lrr'eHHamdasoc ollqlforcerr exravo.r,aw rennef 'eseudd o.roxl,odox eag dtr -nceVoorzftrenldoilc agac slusJcVadn onrronreosaH soxfid qnuutodoy ' rsVtrcaIo r[o.LHarirorre wrsHsr,rJdoneV r,r on tmrsngotr.r{. onsrol oH q.r,rc rox{orl ehvraol,ce11 nxnutudou Tolt'ttticuo anHohawog r(
rftuonxcorc n oloacodu rO'rrqrnm e*(gey O?I

Teoprra - ocuoBa nparcrunrr Illupuna cnuH:tu

t4t

rc: {9lz + z,|cM: g + z,b: r8,bcrvr.


3 3 Illupurua npoil.mat

CII :

[IOI"

Le, " + :l+ 0,5 : 12,5cvr. 0,5 crvr

fI onoaun a tuuputdbl npoitnat

crl L2,5 cK:;:;:6,25

crvr.

Bcnouoea.menbHa,nmovrca dna onpe)eneHu& eny 6uruatruaepy 0 ruoil. 6brn1.avrcu

r r . t r :! 9 & * 2 * t r : g
8 Bepu"turua ?opnorutdbr

+2:8cn.

AM: ?

+ o,b "*:

++
18*

: 24,5 o,b crvr.

Illupurua eopnoautrbr nolll BJI :

* 1 cvr :

1 : z crvr.

lnydurua aopnoouttbt BY : BJI - 0,5 cu : 7- 0,5: 6,5 cvr.

BcnouozarneJlw+ae mollva 0na ruanpaznerLu,fl JLU|{UU nneVe6O2O Ut6A U pArcAgAoOJLOVTU Or ro.ruz C no4 rrpflMbrM yrJroM BBepx orJroJrrrrb qerBeprb Mepxr{ eropoft rroJryoxpy}rcHocru rpyAkt rrJrroc 0,5 cvr r{ [ocraBr rs rovxy Cr:

wc g'0 qrlrucorlo

'(eeedilou ltenox) orr oaorra }IC Lr}rhol rO J{ECr4r,rxr4rf 'q.Lr4Hpryaoc .lI{ fi]rhoJ. )I 'I^[a 7: $ICU

q.r,t4sB,tcoll :X44 ztnno,r, ra (rennroJcorr BHrrrrrrea) r rc f qruu{orl,o 11111 ururnurlrou xdess II r4}rhor ,rO nhnsolltcot Blre otadgou snuatrwdoQo rttg nuhola alqHqtautD 2owou) g 'Wavrrrvrrr lroHsrrr s,Luuz[aoc h .9.0 .II. r4uhoJ nHholtou Dsm oeosahalru nnHntr anuatrutdoQg 'wc r,{rsrNrdu [ou 9.0 qruucorr,Lowor,rz{. avr}Js. ?Ilrhor Jo 'r rc <r,Lr4)rcorfro osars r,rlrhor Jo v 7 If nHhorto'u ogm oeogahartunnHnr anuattwdoQo rtrg nyho'Ia BDHqTaUtD? owou ag 'r{c zI : hlf

:6 dxno.r, qrprse.Lcou lr 'rIc ZI'a'r 'ulrhorou halfu arrndNm ursu -aed 'srroeedlo z;,cesodn tCIN uruuurlr )r il' trlrhor r,O

'rrczI:z_71 :lrrca_va
:PI}IHKIIIC EhAIfU

rsHzdr4m amqHar r urc Z Brr rdlrr:orrou Bharrrr enzdn1n nxholtou ohanu oundn117 'onsrosenodu osarg ururrrvlv szrYodu 'q.lulrfifaoc rJ ,Z r,r]r]roJ 'wc Z <I,ttrxcorro osars r11 ranrrol,.r,g 'sJuuraYaoc rC 'IN t4)rhoJ

'.^rc - ruc ,cc g'zr:q'o g'o +-!-: +: "JofI av


,{rtouxcorc n oro.raodu rO.rrrrl.uru e*(gey

zvT

Teopua -

ocrroBa rrparcrrrrcx

143

If o}pesat dna nacrnosut4bl To-rHra0,5, K coeAnunrb (4;ra xoporxoro pyrana). Or ro.rxn 0,5 no Jwrreurut 0,5K areso orJro*crrrr 1-1 crvr (.q;rs A;rnnnoro pyrcana). OQopuneruue nuHuu dorcoaoeo utaa Or ro.rxz r BnpaBo orJrorrrarb 2r5 cut (nenravnna ne rrocrorrHuaa) u nocraBurb rotrny 12: rr2: 2,5 cu. To.rxz rr, K coe4rauzTb. O Qopuneruue dorcoeoitBblmavrcu Or roqxn K snr,rg rro Jrurla.urra Kr, or.noxcrarr 4 cu. Or ro.rxu f, no Jrurlaurla rpyArr BJreBoorJroxcrzrrborpeaox, paenrrfi urt4pr,rue ropJroBraubrrrJrnc 2,5 cm (7 * + 2,5: 9,5 crvr). To.rxra 4; 9,5 coeAunr{Tb rr no oroft Jryrtrxra or rorrrctl 9,5 areso orJrolrcr4Tb 5-7 cu. Or roqrn 4 suraa rro Jrr.rHrrr{ Kr, ornoxczrr r.rry6rany Bbrraqxlr, paBuyro orpesxy Ha crrr{Hxe KK1 (5 cvr). To.rHE 5^7, 5 coeAr.rHrrrb. Brrpanuarb Bepxuroro
Ilt HI{)TTHIOIO JdUTH'WVI BbITAIITCI4 I{ IIOCTABI4Tb TOTIKY 6, rrA

noJroBI{Herax AJrrrrrbr BBepx r{ BHUBorJro}rrrrb no 1 cru. To.rnn 6, r, coe4uHr4Tb.O$opnnrarr Bbrraqr{y rrJraBrrbrMU JIUIHUIftMI{, KaK IIOKaSaHO Ha qepTetlce.

lnururuatfr. pyrcaa lnurua pArcaaa rICr, ornoncarb Mepry Or roqxu 9 naeno, fio rrvrnurv pyxaBa n rrocTaBrrrr tovxy H: AJrr,rnbr

lH:.[p:60

cu.

pArcaaa Illupurua Huso, yrJroMrc.nunrnu Or ro.rxra H sHua rroArrpffMbrM 9H orJrox{utrb 12 ew (ne.nnurana He rrocroJrHnar).

'lg r{.nr'o.Lil.lnsrcou utvlrc L q.Lux{orf,Loxdegg ?r}rhor ,r,o eeerrd.d olon.lodox rrfl O 'Iy rar*.o.r. oY zyltlrhor ,r,oa]rHr4ucen eeadtrou anarY ordnsed .ornu -LrIf 'o 'r 'tr^Ic qJr4xcor.LourvrH.utv ou eI{Hs O u]rhor J,O Z 'g qwlsercolr lrunarracedarr BH u utwnunt ,tnrto.r wor,rd r,trtswBldll VOII rcaratnOrexacadeu aav z.r,Ceaod11 (e 12 'clrd) nhnsou)eotr anuaodtucoll .A .If .9.0 .F,.I .H .I ,ZT,IT ' x ' ? ' T ' L - g ' T ' g ' z & ' z ' v ' 2 ,' z " r " J ' 6 : r t e u n o l ou ,rnVoxodu ?rlrhorou nn4odxrsa urnnnlr arsHdd..r,uo3,1 ('arrtlrOar. H orre)rou ]r1r ..r{.urre.t -rss or.{.saure.r s.LprrrudoSg)'gerauur 4roHsuru slurwzve -oo zr 'g raxrro;, 'vrc qJ[]rcorr,ro erans I; r,r]rhor rO Z nnltola nnHnn anuatrwdoQg 'uraurnurv uousru slr,rurl[eoc 8H .I .F, ug -ho;. 'rIc I q,Lnu{offro nror.rd wrsfindu vou xdass BrzH -era[ v]r]roJ, rO 'rrrrorrou s,Luraleed e1ir. xoeadl6

'no'frd osm otu"*.?rt ffuff{"';::;*::^!.?


osoufid oenu nundnyJ
'nc O Z: d [ : *Hh

:sI{ ^.H}roJ, irruse,f,corr raesuultd rsHLtrE r31i ,{ndalt qrr4}rcorf,f,o unnzr orr osars h n]rhor &O osoxfid ountrfr soafid qnuutodoST 'srnHntraoc 'II ,71 unno;, H ogoufid osm o?aHMnH Bn'HnIf 'arxa,rdar' BH oH ,T.H rax -eelrou )relr 'garrHLtr r{oHseru s,LfiHr,rVeoc ZI -hoJ 'r,ticI qruxror.Lo mor.rd r,{rsrNrdr [ou ogedrrs nr4u -ere[ rr]rho.L,Lora wrrorrou s.LuraVeed g1g noead.r,g osoxfid DsnH nnHntt anuatrwdoe1 fr,ronucorcu o.ro,rcodu rO.Btrrlrm unfgey ?Vl

Teopua -

ocxoBa rrpa$Tr{Krr

r45

Or roqxfi O, nnpano ]r BJreBo rrorqnpflMbrM yuroM orJroxrnrb no 2 cu. Or ro.{Kra O enpaso lr BJreBo orJroxcrrrb [oJroBt4rrv rrrraplrubrupofiurr Mr,ruyc 1,5 cu:

ctr Z

t.; ^ ,-cM:

l2'5- l , b : 4 , E c m .
2

Toqrra 4,5; 7 ; 4,5; 2; 2; 4,8 coe4rrnrirrb. ,{na 4.nranHoropyxaBa or rorrxra O nnepx orJro*(rarb 11 cnn.Coe4znnrb rorrKy l1- c roqnavlr. 4,b. Yepmecrc nuQa c ryeJrbrlorcpoevbLM p7rc&non u noApeaoJw 6 npotim,e ,(.na nocrpoeHnfl rreprexca (puc. T2) Hylnnbr cJreAyIorrlr{e MepKLt(n canrznnerpax): 1) nonyorcpylrcHocrb urea (fIOIII) - 18; 2) nepnaa roJryoxpyxrHocrb rpyAr,r(nofl) - 45; 3) nropan roJryoxpyx(Hocrb rpyAlt ([OIz) - 4g; 4) no.nyorpyxcrrocrb rarruru (nOT) - 88; 5) nononraua rrupunbr crrrHxlr (nIlC) - 17,5; 6) no"rroeuna urrrpnnbr repeAa (fIIIIn) * LT,b; 7) gnlana pyrcaBa (AP) - 45 emu L8; 8) 4araHa cnrurulcfiAo,ralrvrvr (ACT) - 88; 9) 4"rrananepeAa Ao raJrrdr{(AnT) - 88. flpr.r6anxa na cno6ognoe o6.rreranue(np) - b crvr. f f o c r n p o e H u e c n u r u r c u( p u e , 7 2 a ) lnurua cnuHrcu.0omanuu AT: Jluu.ua taeu ACf :38 civr.

AAr: flOfz * np : 48 + 5: 53 crvr.

'IIc

8:

trg

srcoil u ( rernrrorcorr Hrulhurrea : [' d xr'ol srrr4 ) ou osedus g Lrlrhor .lO r rc g qJfixcor.r,o Iy11 wuruvrr-r osoufid nnHnlt snuattsnduori ffire nilhola alqHqT owou )g 4u102

'(s.rrader,ten) ructI : I4OI


nHHnTt? Dhaltu oundngl Tt{i z : ulrl :7 .,txr'o,r, qJ,fisBrcoll I4 'wc Z eH gl?.ltr 'O{ r4HhOJ -IrOr .LOUrUr:HVr]tr AZUCTOtrOd]fl'qt:,1Ilf.:1IYOOC U frugoaou oH nflHnu) Dharru anHaHnlrgg 'demeed H r,ttc I'0+g: OId

outucod otaocng 'wc,-I+-:-:IIcI+ ' 8r g g -

moil

:dv

oxutcod oundng
b 'vrc g ' 0 g ' Z T : + : : r { I c g ' 0 + .JoLl *J-_: av

IIC

nwqodu oundngT

'r^c6r : g+ I :^cs+---:cJ "JOLI 8V


nltunuc oundnlp

'ilraru : I +9 : ^" 9 +---q- : Jv 'JOLI


AV
ng frde nnHnlr anHaJrcolto II
dr,uonncorc n o,ro,r.codu rO'rrq.r,rrm uul|gey g?l

Teopra *

ocrroBa rrparcTurcu

147

7 P b , s

flz rI3
N

l9

I2,5

TI

zryY

I
vl '

t \

-r\ 3

AI

S
f

tt, -/

x c N \

1,5

N T
\
I

AO

o2

r1

\
T2

I I

o Puc.72

'talc a:

txty dxnol qrusercou u :zXE

,r.r3,1 lttc9 <rrux{on.r,o


'r,tO

o" """I}#n71n;fl
'slnHrrVaoc rf,r, 6 : H 'rl ulrhol

s.rug :r,r ^d.Hr'o.r, -BJCOU VtUrH,Urr.t Otr OSArSr rrlrhor ,ro Lt rNC qJ,rrXCOIfrO Z Dsm oeosutog nnHnlt anuatwdoQ1
'r^Ia rllll I :

: Iy rtnr'o.r, q.Lfistt,Lc qrr}Icorro -ou fi wc rJ{ r4prHrrr oil 8?IHs l{ fiuho.t ro I '.r, Ar*'ol, qrusJco[ vnter rAavrulnrr c aa vwrlt -ar'acedeu en u ord.rrundu u.r,caeodll 8fiHs ]I rr]r]ror ,tO

'rNc z : llc
:X1d.nr'ol q.rlasercorr n ou ogedus C r4)rhor rO wc A qruucor.lo r;3 urula.vrlr oqm o?ogouognnHnt anHailtoltoa 'rlovruvrlr gousrrr g 'g'0 '6,1 unr'o;, s.LfiHfi[aoc ' (rennro,rcorr Hr4rrvrrea)ruor qr,Lr{}rcorrro -.r.lt g'0 rnrsrNndu fou wc ewus.V r4}rhor rO '(rennro,rcou enunnrea) nrc 7 q.r,Hxcorro gO{ urvruwrrou osedug O{ r4}rho,r rO nnHnt.anuarwdoQg ntHnltc ogm oeogahartu og<Irfoseuodu og -edus orllnLrrf sr.r${roVodu 'qlurrralaoc 211'I ranr'og .eil .ril r4)rho.L qrlrsercou fiurrcelo ud.r,en s,ruraVeed 11111 xoeedlg
.tr,ronnconc n ololcodu rO'Bq.rrrm exrlgey BfI

Teopur - ocrroBarrparcrrrrc[

149

Tpexvem6eprlaoil pyrcaa flnurua pArcaaa Or ro.rrcra I nnpaso no npoAoJrxceuuro n:,t-wu:,z [TI, orJro)$rirrbMepxy AJruHbrpyKaBa 14 rrocraBurr rouxy H: ,.qH: AP: 45 cyr.

Illupurua Husa pqrcasa Or ro.rnra H eHr,ra rroA fipffMbrM yrJroM K Jrvtnvtvr(H no lynxTr4pHoit nwtturz orJroxtrirrb 18 cu (ne.nrauzna He rrocroannan). Jluruua H.uxrcHeeo ur6a pArc&sa " To.{xz 18, K2 coeAnnr4Tb. Or ro.rxfi 18 nnpaeo [poAoJr]r(r{Tb fipflMyro Jn4ur4a na 1,5 cu (nsrpaeH,trrb Ha crrr.rHnera rroJroqxe Hr4]rcnrae runu pyxana). OQopuneu.ue rtuaa pA rca6a To.rxrz 1,5, H coeAr.rHr4rb. Orpeson 1,5H paa4e"nrarr Iro[oJraM, Brrpaso oT cepeA?rHbr rroA [pflMhrM yrJroM oTJrolr{t4Tb 1 cwr. ToqrtrzH, L, 1,5 coe4r,rru{Tb rrJraBnoftnnlaueit. Idopontrcuit. pArca.6 lnurua pArcaaa Or ro.rrcraI snpaao rro JrrHr{ra[fI, ornorxr4rb Mepxy pyxaBa r4 [ocraBrrrr rourty H1: AJrr,rHbr AHr: AP : L8 cnr.

f,nurua HuitcHeeousa pAtcana Or ro.rnra K2 enpano rro JIuHrrfi HrrtrcHerocpeaa pyKaBa orJro)fizrr 5 cu. Illupuna Husa pArcaaa To.rrcra5, H1 coe4fiHlrrb nyurcTr{puoft nunueft. (O$oplrneHfie raJrr{enofi errraqxlr Ha cnllnxe rroApo6uo AaHo B orrvca*uru ocnoBuoro qeprexca n"uarra.)

'N^c g'vz: g'o.

g.o+. "!u:r\rc *-k

: INI

nunsolrdoe ounmdag

.r,{c8:r*#:^,cz.#':uc
nilhDlalqs nosahatu nungfitre rnuattagaduo B1rg
0 Hhola Bn.Hqt a1aD20W OUJg

'rrc g ' Z I: g . 0+ L : av

V r , rg c . 0* , tJou : uc
wqodu oundnly

'ric : 6r e +9 : wcI + "JofI --q- : cJ av


, nHHnuJ oundnla

' r \ c r z : g +9 : ^ " g * t h : J V
ngfrde nnHn,n anH?ffiorrolf ' 'lllc 89 :9 + 87: du + aJOIf - r5r9r namtnHnlf ' r N cg g : JCU: JV l

.__ 'v'oI 'g'0'9.'rtr ' z r r' H ' T ' g ' r ' z u ' I u ' r r ' z ' v ' z ' r ' J ' v : r r e l r h o J u l,nYoxodu Lr)rukrrrc nn4odursa
rfutonucorc n o.ro,lcodu ,r,O.rqrum

@ 72

nnrDTa oe nxHnu? nuntrfi! .cud) nuholtou ,.::,:o:,1o!

urutuuLrarsndd..r,roXl
eufgey

09I

Teopra -

ocHora nparcrrlrur

151

Illupurua eopJloautrbl fIoI[ nf Drrr:

, r *Icrvr:

18 , I .: 7 c r v r . -+

Inydurua eopJloautdbr' BY : BJI - 0,5 cu :7 - 0,5: 6,5 cwr. l

p a 6Jre B c no no earneJlbtrbremovvu 0 na ruan Hu.fl


JLU|LUU nJLeVeAOeO UIAA U pArcAgA 0OJLOV|CU

Or ro.ncr,rC rrepx rroA npffMbrM yrJroM rc.nunuraII1 orJro)rcr4TbqerBeprb Mepnra rropoft fioJryoxpy*cuocrn rpyAr,r u.ruoc0,5 cM rr [ocranr,rrr rovry Ct:

nof" LR -----;-'+ CCr ': 4 0,5 cu : i 4 + 0,5 : 12,5 cnn. To.rxr'rM, Cr coeAr.rHrrrb. Or ro.rxfi fI1 n.nenorro Jr]rHrru[rerr orJro)rcurr 2 cv. (ne.nuuana nocroanHas). To.rra 2, Ctcoegunrrrb, npoAoJltrcuB Jrrrurrro fiporraBOJIbHO BJIEBO.

III upurua nneva noJlovtcu Or urupnnbr rrJreqacrrfiHKrr orngrr IOU-2err:

2 cu:

L4*2:12cw.

Mupurua nJlev& otn eopJloauvbL 0o nepaoft Jtutduuablrnavrcu

iIO:

rrrr{prrna nJreqa

: T 12 :4cu.

OQop mneruue u.azpy 0noit aaunavrcu:


M(D: JIO :4 cm.

tH .tt tllrhoJ s.lr4uraVaoc 'mtc 7:ztt :2,r. r{grto.r,qwrsrcou vt tuc Z - ogedug r ra]r]ro,tJO Dsm oeosoxog nnHntr anuattwdo@g 'I^Ia : tytx I : zX1 dnrrol q.LPrsercorr lr 'ayllf alrnr{rrc en ztnead.ro ordnsed .eeadYou f.H I34 -nnV s.Lr4u{or,r,o vrunlalr on osedus unr,o,r. .r,g 344131 sadgoa 's.Lr4ufifleoc I]I ']IC r4]rho;. '(rennro,rcorr BHr4hr{nae)wc g : }ICil d.nno.r, sr,Lfisercou :X44 rur rllc I crJuu{or,Lo 11111 raznun ou xdess II u}rhor ro 'rNc : IIIII I :rX1dnr.o,r qrrase,Lc
-OU Iit IAICI 9JI,IX{OITJOIaI4HI{r OII 8I4Hg }{ I4}IhO.l rO ot adgou rnuatttudoQo Elr g ntho'ttt alqHqlralaozowou)g'
.T A}IhOT qTI4g

-B,r,cor vturrrel rtrafir:ulr c oJa rrrauanacadan en ra r;; r,run -!Irf )r drr.[xraVrraudeu zl,caaodu erlHs ]{ H}rhor JO

wc U <r,r?rx{or.ro Ig; 'r\rc 8:

'INc Z : )IC qrr4sJ,co[ u :34ztnr'o,r, vrrrrur:t ou osedus C Lr}rho.r,rO


AnHAUCOTOA

Dgm O?OqOHOq nnHnlr

V - 7T : OIf - r{xhorrou Bharn euudum:

hO

nyholfou Dhatu JLouo'utJo


flronnconc n o"ro.raodu rO.rq,rum exz(gey

z9l

Teopur -

ocrroBa rrpanTr{Krr

153

T p e xve meep mnoit pA rca6 flnurua pArcaaa Or roqxra 9 ereeo fio JrurHuur orJrolrckrrb Meprcy AJrnrrbr pyraBa pr [ocraBwrt rouny H2: qHz: AP : 45 cw.

IIIupurua Huaa pArcaaa Or ro.rxu H2 nrza noA rrpffMbrMyuroM x.nrznrara 9H2 rro nyHxrrapy orJroxrr,rrr 12-13 cm (ne nocroanuaa). Jluruua HuJtcHe?o ul6a pArcaaa To.rnrz L2-13, K1 coegzHlrrr. Or roqnrr L2-I3 BlpaBo yMeubrrrr4Tb,qJrLtHy Hr4?fiHero rrrBaHa 1,5 cm. OQopuneruue Hua&pAfiasa To-rru t,5, H2 coe,qranrarb. Orpeeor 1,5H2 paa.qeJIIztTb IIOIOJIaM I4 BlpaBO OT TOTIKII AeJIeHI4ff IIO.4 fipff-

MbrM yrJroM orJronrlrrr 1 cvr. To.rrcn }J.2,1r 1,5 coe4raHr4 Tb rrJraB s.oit nlap.ueilt. Hopomrcuit pAHo.6 finurua pyoa*a Or ro.rxr,r rI nneso rro Jrurnurrt orJro*crrrb Mepny AJrrlHbr pyxaBa r{ nocral}rrr rovxy H3: IIHB: AP: L8 crl.

JIunua HutcHe?ousa pArcaea Or ro.rxn K, naeno fio Jrurnurv ?ICK, ornoncrarr 5 cu. Illupurua Husa pyrcasa To.rr[ HB, 5 coe,qlrnrurrb [yrrxrr4pnof,t ntr:nuefi. O$oprvraenz.e rrlanaurut raJrutlz r4 TaJrrreBofi srrra.rxu no4po6no .qano B orrurcanutu ocuoBHoro qepre)fi a flJrarbff . KonrypHsre Jrwnyrur nrrxpofixu rroJroqrr4 flpoxoAsr rro
TOqKAM:

V, fr, Ty 2, 2, 4, 2,T2,Kv1,5, 1, H2, Cl,rI, (D, 02, 1, JI, y.

' w cg ' Z l :

9'0+

v
8V

:IIC INcg'0 + "JOII =7 nw4odu oundnly

8 'wc g'8I : g'7,* -;-: 8?

8 : I^Ic c'z -CJ - " + .JOLI ntlinuJ oundnp

8 8 :.w 'n{c -' .JOLI - + Tz: I + _ : r\Ice 6v ngfrdennHntr an'HaJleo'tro If 'il.i;c : ZJOLI: t1;V Zg V +97 : du +
namBnlrnll .Ii[C 88: TCV: JV

nnlto'ut og nxHnua ounttfr (u 92 'crd) ntHnuc anuaodracoY 'nrc ? - (dn) anuu,rarcgoaon[ogosc H exauglrdll '89 - (.tU[) vruEreroV efadau Hurtr (6 :gg - (,lC[) vpfi.rer'oil unruruc euurY (g ig7 unn'gV uttu'09 - (6[) eaex^{deHurV (2 eVedau reutrdfim enuaorou (9 ig'L1- - fimU) ig'LT - (CmU) I4xulrrrc rsuudzm enuaorou (9 :gg - (.tOU) vwfirer s,lcou$c^dduodrou (7 :BV - (u,fOU) vVdd.I s.tconx{ddnodrou redola (g :gV - (t.fOU) ra[ddl s.rcou*cdduodnou readau (6 :gt - (mOU) r{am:IrroHxcdduoArou (1 eulnor : (xed.ler,tnlnuc a) r,rndaru -rtlarc rsnncd.n(gg 'czd) uncel,dar' rrEnaod'r,courrf qahnsoutcou n wosuxfr.d atlqH -Hatrcfroe anquaodgto'ttquah a opnlr Jrcaudah
fluonrrorc u o.ro.r.codu r0'rqrlrm errfgey

v9T

Teopua -

ocnoBa rrparcTr{rcl

155

lEs.U
7 P 0 , 5

IIr

I L2,5 18,5

Kzln "n x /L
'f KR .c

{Y6

Pzc. 73

'ru c g : vg
:I dxr.ol, qrrase.Lcouv (rennrorcou rrrulhraraa) nc s qrr.ruconr,o rys u'u*w'n oil ];:::"y:;:.::"", nxhola alqHclfa1u0201,1r ou Jg r^lavrllwr.f EroHserII g'0 qrutrorro nror.rr{. slraufiVaoc m'g'g'O '94 rxrrol 'rruc '(renHro,Lcor enrzr'zrea) r,{rsnrrduvou erEHs 7 Lt}rhor,r,9 ilrc ? <rJralxorruogO{ vrurlutlr ou ogedus O{ u}rhor rO ntHnu? ogm oaosahanunnHntt anuattwdoQg '(rlndameta) ruc ?I : I,IOI
nx'unuJ nha'rfu oundn g7 'I^Ic Z : UITE

<Irl,rsfcou u 'INc EH g rrlrhor ,Lo Bgm oJos :7 rtg}Irro,r, 7, -ahorrrr orrrHr{rr azucroYodu 'q,lrsr,rYaoc g '94 unr'og fiugoaou DH nHHnltJ Dharru anHaHnltqt

'danreedBH virc I'0+g

OId

:octutcod oraoncg 8 8 'INc : : dV L T * gI : I^IcI * fnOU I :oxtucod oundnlA '.r,.d.nnol, qlursrcorr u dnrdxnlneu -den zl,caaodu r,rzrre,r,vrvtlurr oV arans l{ }rxhor lO 6 :}IC 'r{cgU'g:;: " 9'7,I ilC tcw4odu nundnm oHnsolroIf
dl,rosrmorc x orolcodu rO'BqJ,um eufgey
v d

99r

Teopua -

ocrroBa rrpaxTrrrcn

r57

Orpeaon fIfI, paa4eJrrrrb Ha rprr paBHbreqacru r4 nocraBprrb rorrxrr fI2, fI3. To.rxz I, frz coeALrHrrrb,EpoAoJrrrcraB JruHr4ro BrrpaBOrrpoprSBoJrbHo. Bc nono earnenbHbletnovrcu' 1na oQopnneHu& no)pesa dna nacmosuu,bl Or roqxu K eHua no Jrurlavrur Kr or.nolrzrr 6 cu u rrorourcy K1: craBr4Tb ICItr : 6 cu. Or ro.rxpr C no.rrunzfi r'pyA?rB[paBo or;roncrarr 2 crvr (Honeq no4pesa) n nocraBrarr rouxy Kr: CKz : (ee.nnqnwa nocroanuaa). 2 crvr

If olpes 1na nacmoluu,bl Tovxra Kr, K1 coe4znzrr, [po,qoJrrr(rB Jrr4Hr4Io BrrpaBo na 2 cnn (uaua.no no4peaa), rr [ocraBr{Tb rorlxY K3: KrKa: 2 cm (nenrvuHa uocroannaa).

OQopnneruue JLuHuudorcoeoeo utea rrt : 2,5 cnn. To.rxz 11, K1 coegr4ulrrb Inururuotit pyrcaa flnuua pgKasa Or ro'rrcz,{ nnpano no Jrvrnuur. [fI2 orlorr]rrb pyftaBa v rrocraBrarr rouxy H: AJrr4Hbr

MepKy

AH: AP:00 cwr.

:I11 ,{xr'o,r, qrr4srcorr n esexdd lslantrfr ztxderu q,f,Erl)rcorlo11fi!rzuyuv ou osedns [' r,rur'o,l l,g

nsoxfrd ountfr
s o a fi d 4ouut d aout anx ad 1 'auca& -der. en oHueulrorrHtr 'q.Lnurzfraoc znno;, I'L-g'1 'nic og /-g - uxherrqa enurfl''wc I oil qrux{orrro osars T4 -edns (eaeudd sm oJoHu{vrr vrvrlevrrr ou) g'I r{)rhor ,LO nxho 7alqg I aIa Holt anuatw doQ g L1o 'esexd.d aom 4unxdaa gfoHsIru s'lzHzvaoc H 'I 'zII LI]IhOJ rlanldT'I'I| r Ic T cl.tr4)r{orfror/\IoIfJdr,{rswudu trou er,rHs 98 rurlrho.I-Ig 'eaexdd som urvtldtKuld- uaurli'urrf goHsenu slrrur,rVaocVT'g'1''8X,1 raur'o; .r{c g.I H aa s,Lr4ucrotsodu u 71sX1eneadl,o oV euns ordr,trdu urcos -odu g[ ururlaurrr x rrorld nrrsrrurrdu Von gg r4]rhor rO '(audew ou) rl,nor o[ eseudd fH qr,Lltxcorro -urV gg ylfiilalauutr wc ou ['uxnol, l,6 oeoxfid sogm ozaH)rcnltn ozau x das qnHnlr anuatrwdoQ g 'ance,r,dar' 'gI-91 '1 raxno;, H ona)rou )relr 'qlvnttVaoc I 'wc 9I-gI - II)II.B.LrIS enurrf,l 'wc I ou q,Lkrlrcorfro osara z ogedus rzneraV r,rg -hor rO 'r rerouou slzretreed eaerrdd eeun .r{.nzdn111 osoufid DenH nnHntt 7ao nilhDlttns anHaltwdofug 'Uavruvrt gousBru sluHr4Vaoc ,I,11tr,t VI -ho;. 'r{c I <rlrrxcorrro lror.r.{. lrursrttrdu Vou osedus nran -araY vlrho,t ,tO 'rrrforrou slzuaYeed 971 xoeadl,g osoufrd osnH anltatrwdoQg 'qJr4nzVaoc 8fi'VI t4)rho;. oeoafrd osm ozaHlcnH anHnII 'rrc 'a 'J 'sexr{.d eenH r{.nzdvm qrrrxorfro 7I gf,l uuuwr n r,ror.rri rtrsrtndu fou erans H uT]rhor rO nsnxfid nenu oundnla
.tr,touncora n o.rolcodu rO 'rr.rrrlm eufgey

89r

Teopua -

ocnoBa rrparcrrrc[

159

AHr : AP : 45 cu.
Illupuu.a Hu3a pArcasa Or ro-rxz H1 no4 npflMbrM yrJroM r<Jrvr*urn.{H ouro,rcr{Tbrrrnpr,rHy HrrSapyKaBa, T. e. [poBecTr{ nyrrKTr{p Hr4rrcHerorrrBa pyKaBa. AO JrVr}lVrIa Idopomrcuil pA rcas lnutra pArcaaa. Or ro-mpr I nnpano fr.o Jrvrnvrn,{H or.roxr}rrb Meprcy AJII{HbIpyKaBa LI [oCTaBI1trrtourCy H2:

AH, : AP : 20 cu.
Illupuaa Husa pAtcasa To.rxu Hz, Kr coeArdHr4Tb rryHKTT4pHoit nunueit. Saueuau,ue onbLmHoit nopmruuxu * B qe.irtuoxpoeubrx rpexqerBeprHbrx rr .4Jrr{EHhrx pyftaBax JrHHr4ff Hr4)KHerOrrrBa pyKaBa crII4HKIr 6rrrr 4.nranueeJrrrnrrr4 HrrlrcHerorrrBapynaBa rroAOJrficHa Jrorrrtra na 1,5-2 cM, Ba crler qero Ha Jrurnulfi JroKTffAeJra; rorcfl Bbrrarrxa, Mflrxr4e cxJraAorrxtr r4Jrlrrrocagra. (flocrpoenr4e raanesoft Bbrrarrxr4 - B orrlrcaHrrn ocuoBHoro rrepre)fta n.narra.) Konrypnrre Jrvrnu:vnrrxpofixu culrHnlr [poxoAflT [ n or o q x a M :A , I , T , 2 , 4 , 2 , T y , K 1 , K r , 1 , O - 7 , l , L 4 , l , 13-15, 1, H, 1, fIr,vI, E, 0,5, IO, A. If ocmpoeHue noJlovrcu (pnc.73 6') 0o manuu fl nurua noJloHtttt.

AT: ACT: 38 or.


Jluruua u^teu

AA1: [[IOI2* np: 48 + 4: 52 cyr.

'rtc g'g : g'0 : AA L -mc9'0 - 11.g nunsoltdoz oungfurtr


'IIcZ:I+ *

:ftcI*

---_:IfB mon

nunsolrdoe oundnly 'lntc g'VZ: g'0 + :: 8i

r , t cg 4 . : WV - 'O - *,"JOLI nunsolrdoe ounmdag

'll.tc8:Z+

g 87

:INcZ,+ __q_ "JOLI

:[U

nxho Lurqsnung fitrz rnuatt ag adu o slr g


DHTOIA BO'HqTA' aAD 20W OU)g

'rrc sz's: #

h: lrc

lew4odu n undnm DHnsolro II

'v{c g'zT: g'o+ +:INc g'o+ 'JoLl ,+--: Irc g?


tcwgodu nnndn1A
9 9 'r\rc g'8I : g'Z : g'Z + +g7 : l^lrrr zJOn---:-CJ

nHHnuJ oundnyJ

'.^crz:g+ I -Hcg+-t-:J17 "JOII 8V


np fidz nnHn'n anltaJ$oltoIf
druonncorc u orolcodu rO'rr<rrxm eur(gey

09r

Teopur -

ocuoBa rrparcTrlrcil

161

B c no no aame JLbn bre rnoqrcu 7na ruanpaeJleHuaJLuHuunJleva u pAtcana noJlovtcu Or roqru C eeepx, [eprreuAuxyJrflpHo rrurn:a:,z.rpVAn, 1 nropofi [oJryoKpyEcHocTr{ rpyArr oTJroxcrrTbLf 4 ntrepr"vr lJrroc 0r5 cm n uocrzrrrrrs ro.my Ct:

fIoI" o + 0 , 5 c u : 4a CC , +0,5:12,5cu. ' r:--, 4 4


To.rxr,r M, Cr coeArrnr,rrb. Or to.rftra flt n.rrenorro JrrHprn urela orJroficrarr 6 cu (neazuuna fiocroaHHan). Tourz 6, C1 coe4raHrarb, rrpoAOJr)r(r,rB JTUIIIUfiOBJTeBO npOrrSBO JrbHO.

III upurta nneua noJlorttcu.

rcU-2crvr:L4-2:12cu.
Illupuna nneva om aopJtoauHbt 0o nepaoit,Jlutduu lblrLavrcu

JIO:

ruv pr,rHa IIJreqa [oJrorrK]I

t 2: 4
,

3
M(D: JIO:4 cu.

cnn'

pg 0 rtoit,ewma'rrcu O Q opnne nue ru ae

Ocmamorc nJrevdnoJrovtcu : [r[prrua nJrelra rroJrolrnrr - JIO : 12 - 4 : 8 cnn. @@rI (flo4po6xo nocrpoeuue Bbrrarrn?r rr nJreqa rroJrorrxfi
OIIil caHO IIpI4 [OCTpoeHIuIII ocHOBIIoIO qepTe]I(a u.natra. )

B c no uo eame Jlbtdbre rnovrcu 1na oQopuneHu& no}peaa 1na nacmoaunbl Or ro.rx[ K eHfia rro :nunvtra Kr or.noxczrs 6 cu u nocraBprrbrouxy K1: KKt - 6 ervr.
6 A. Corxqeao

-odn gg prlrho.L,rg '(endanr ou) r,rnor otr eseudd dnr.rrf - y[c gg qrr4x{orfro 8Hh utvruvrrr orr osors h r4]rhoJ,.T,O ogoNfid osm oeaHtcnlt nnHnlr anuatrwdoQg ' arra,r,dar' H onegBlrorl xuu 'uoaulrrr riroufiBrrusl,rnraVaoc ZT.I .8H nlrhoJ 'rrc worrJ.( nrrsltrrdu fou osedus Br,ruarf T <rrraucorfro -eV qrprratreed 91e11 xoead.rg raxrro,r ,Lo u lrlnouou osnafrd oenli nnHnrr anuatrwdoQg 's.r,uuz[eoc sX' ZI r{)rho;, osnxfid osm oeaHtcnH anHnlf '(rennrolcorr oH ennrrraraa) v{c ?l q&fi}rcorf -ro 8HI1 vrvrnyrvn nron,rz(ltgrrrrdu [ou e11t4rrho,r ,LO osnxfid nenu oundngl 'Iltc 09: df :eHF,

qrr4xcorr,Lo -urf dnday\r HrlHrrrr on oa.ara h;;::iirfl

:s11dnrro,r qfirsel,cofi N eserdd rvs

.s.L[Hr4[ooc IX .zr,utrhoJ, 'r,rtC g'U :ztrt asm oeoeolrognnHnn amatrdoQg '(rennro.r.corr Bul4hrrnas) nrc : 9XIX U

sosfid qnuantrfil

'e3qfxr'o.r, q.Lr4ae,Lco[ z ,(eeadYou orerren) wc Z H ,]34 r,rrrrro;, osers orfitrltrf suxroVodrl .q,LrrHil[aoc IX,1 , nhneouoDtr ultg ndpoy '(rennrolcou Bur.rhrrraa) nrc Z : vr6l

qwtsuJcorr u (eaedVou lranox) :?X1Axr,o.r, wc Z <rrltucolr;o osars nE.(dl nvrnurt ou II rlrho,r JO


{.luosxcora n o.ror,codu &O.rq.[rlm eur(gey

zgT

Teopua -

ocrroBa rrpaxTrrrcu

163

rIHs go Hr{rrcHerorrrBa Becrlr [eprreHALrryJrflp K Jrvrlaraul pyxaBa. Beepx no reprreHAranyJrflpy or Jrurnurra 12Ku or1 cu. To.rxn 12, l, Ku coe4rannrr. Jroxcr.rrb Tpexvemeepmruo{t pArca6 lnurua pyrcaaa Or ro.rxra TI n.neso flo Jtwnuu rIHr or.noncr,rrbMepxy pyftaBa r{ rrocraBrrrr tovry Ha: AJrLrHbr {Ho: AP:45 cu.

Illupuna Huaa pArcaaa HHr 4o nra' Or ro.rxrn Ha uog rrpffMblM yruroM K lrur]dulvt
HLII/I HLt)IcHerO JII{H}IIO. IIIBa pyKaBa IIpOBecTII nyHItT?IpHyIO

pArca.6 Kopomrcufr. pArcasa lnuna 9Hr otnoxlrrb Mepry Or ro.rxra rI sreso rro Jrvrravrn pynaBa H nocraBfirr rovxy Hs: AJrrrHbr rIHb: AP: 20 crvr. Illupurua HuaapArcaaa
To.rnr,r H5, Kl coeAlrHlrrb IIyHKTrlpHoIt nunneit. (OQopnn.nenvreJrvruvrv raJrnw rd Bbrraqxrr Ha [oJrorlKe AaHo npu ofificanvl:zrocHoBuoro qepre)rca n.narra.) errxpofirz [oJrorrxr.r fipoxoAffT Konrypnue Jrura.vrfi r r or o q x a M : y , I r , T t , 2 1 2 , 4 , 2 , T 2 ,K 1 , K 5 , 1 , L 2 , L , H s , Hu, rI, @, Oz, 1, JI, y. (pnc.73 n) If ocmpoenue nacffLoaut4ur flponecrr ABe nepecexaroulfiecff roA rrpflMbrM yrJroM rrvrlaurilur Ha urx fiepeceqeurru flocraBr{Tb rorrfty O. Or Torlrcu O sHr,rar{ BBepx orJroEcrrrb no 9 clt, T. e. orpegxr{, paBHbre ,4JruHe rroApesa rra crrrrHlce r{ floJrorrre (KrICs u KnK5), rr rrocraBrarbrorrnrirOt z Or. Or roqnr,r O nnpaBO I4 BJIeBO nO JII4H|4?I OTJIO)ICI4Tb IOJIOBIIIHy IIII{pr4HbI

npoftmrr mr,rnyc 2 cwr:

I 'wc Iu:9 +

:r^rcg+

8?

tJou : J V

ng fide nnHnrr anHaucolto II 'e$c ?,9 : V + 87 : drr + ZJOII : tW

nam BnHnx 'rIc 8g: JCV: IV

nntDut og nHHnuJ CIHnltv (e Vg'cnd) ntHnuc anuaodtacoy

ar osoxnd

'nlc ? - (dn) auue,rargo aoHVogosceH unaegzdll 'gg - (.lU[) uurrer, oV e[edau enzr[ (6 :89 - (,f,C[.) vrnlrer oV nunlrnc enrarY (g :Og - (4[) uaex,td euurtr (2 :g'LI - (UmU) eVadeu rsuudum enraaorou (g ig'LT - (CmU) ulrururrrc rsHrtdum enraaorou (g :Bg - fi,OU) ravrrer sl,couxc^ddnodrou (7 :gV - (z.fOU) r.rVutd,r s,Lcouuc.{dnodrou redo,lu (g :gV - (r.tOU) raVztd.r s.rcouxcfdxodrou readeu (g :8t - (mOU) ram qr,coHrritdnod.rou (1 , :(xedl,arun.r,nec a) r,rxdanranlnor -dVanc rsuucdH (V2'cud) excal,der' nrneodl,con rrfl mhnsourcolr eag ra nHaodrtorrqu ah c DQnu crcautda6 . 'errar,der, BH orre)rou )rBlI 's.LuuutsoocIO 'f 'zA,?.rg axrrog.

'rrc7z #T:

v{c -z-II3

z
7gl

r(r,{osrcorc n oror.codu.rO 'rrtlf,rrm eui(gey

Teopur -

ocrroBa rrpaftTrll(u

165

FeA
7 P

ul

A1

,rl
1,5

+Y!9rjj
A E

zlrt
8

; \ 3 Ar
v

^
T rf

t/
12,5 K 8 1.5
ll

/x
/
6$

,".u

fl
It1

Aor o2

Tl

H1

,'

T1

2,bl<

N,Z
H2

2 2

Pue.74

' r^rcg. q,Lr4)r{orf.Lo rtor,ru{, 0 r,{rsy[rdu vou ezns r,I]I]ror.16 .(rennrorcou enrarrrareu) 7 r^ic qrpru{orfio gO{ vonrrdu ou ogedus O{ r.r}rhoJ, JO 7 nxHnuc Dgm ozogaharu nnHntt anuattwdo$g '(s.r,nder,rera) lrc 7I : VIOI ntltnuc Dharru oundngl

'I^rc : z mg.
:14dnr.o.l q,Lrrsercofi vr ,l,i.trc Z eE gr4rl -r.ol ro orr{Hkrrfsr4u{roYodu .qlfiH[fooc g .o{ uxhoJ frxgocou oH nu.unu? Dhalru anrtaHnltgs 'delreed H nrc : OId I.0+g outacod otuocng

'ncZ :

:dV I * e I :ru c I + fn O U

natacod oundnly ',t, .{ur'o.r, qlr,rsercofi n utrEdt urur]d'url;. n dnr^rtxvYneu -dau z.r,casodu urare.r vrurrurr oY eprrs J{ }r}rhoJ, rO

, : z 'I^rc 9a'9 gzf:

xc: uc

nw4odu nundnm DHnsott oII ' : l l . ' r c g ' Z T : g ' 0V : w c g . 6 + ; v : + 'Jorr- Irc Bv
rcwqodu oundng7

'IIc

I r{rc 9'8I : 9 ^ 'Z + -: 8V

e'z+1fu:c.r
nxtnlt? oundnAl
ggl

z(rtonuconc n ololcodu

rO.rrrr.tlrru enl(gey

Teopun -

ocrroBa rrparcrr[Ku

167

To.rxu IO, 0,5, E, LI coe4lrgr{Tb n.nannofi anarrraefr., Ha nepTe]rce. KaK IIOICaSaHO Bc nouo eameJlbHblemovrcu JlutduupArcaa& )na u,anpa6neHu,fl. E nnpano rro rvrrul. rrrelr orJloficr,rrr 3 cu ro.rxu Or (ne.nuurEna [ocroffHuaa) r nocranrrr roury,{:

EA:3 cu.
Or ro.{xrr fI1 nnlrs no upauoft fltfl ornoxcutr 4,5 ctu rr flocraBr4rr roury fI2: IItfIz : 4,5 cu (re.nravnga fiocroannas).
TO'TTCT.T A, I/tBBOJIr,HO. fIZ COE,4IITII{Tb, IIPOAOJI'ICITB JII{IIIIrc NPO-

dorcoao eo tuaa O Qopuaeruue JLutLuu, fio JrunvlutraJrulutorJroxtrrrb 2rb ct* Or roqxz r BJreBo
I{ IIOCTaBI/ITb TOtIKy Tt:

Ttl : 2r5 cu (nernuuna He rlocrogunae). Or roqrcr 11 BHzB orlrorxurl 1 crvr. Or ro.mu fI rc orpeaxy Kr [poBecrr{ nyrrxTrrpgyK) Jrlrnrrro, paBnyro 9 cwr,u uocraBrrrb rovny Kt. (nenrarlr{Hauocroannaa). flltr : 9 crvr Orpeaor fIKt paa4eJrr{rbnorroJraM. Or roqxra K uepea rorlxy AeJreHrIsnpoBecrrr rrpspaBrryrc 615 cu, u uocraMyro rryuxTLrpnyro JrIdHraK),
BIITb ToTIHY fle:

KfIs : 6,5 cu (nenravnna noctoannaa).

oV dnrdxu7naudeu r,r,rcasodurnneraY ff]rraor .r,O.nrcrf -orou s,Lt4raVeed (39 uoeadl,o) raxnrauc d'nudu11 nxholaics q oeanltDut anHattwdoe g 'enra,r,darr H oueeulrox )rlr 'q.rvrurVoocI , L-g.I uuho; .rrc .2,*g - uurrBJlqla enzrfl' .I^Ic I on sfiuu{orfo os,rs z oeedug (eaexrtd sm oJaHx{uH ururnur.rox) g.I rd}rhol JO jrorr anx atrw doe g nu holalqs noa a1u 'eaeud.d som 4rranxdea - urozrrlurv r4onsetfrr s,tr4HvYaocH .I .z11r4)rhoJ .rrucI rrJt4x{or,to z{.dnrrtxutrnaudeu oII 8t4Hs gg r,r]rhor ro 'egexdd som firauuctru uIanlgvrvrzoHsru slrEgl,rva 'g'T'eU prlrhoJ 'rruc .es -oc gfiHs g,I eH oJo suxcroYodu IT -exrtdeam oJoulrcr4H urnrl.urrr of U[, ururnur.r n drrz{nravneu -dau ra.lcaaodugg alrhor,r,g .(endanrou) rlxor oV egeud.d A;ruttY - wc gg rrJ,r4u{orro urur*urr_r ou I r.nrr,ol ,rg Htr osoJtfrd sosm oaaHtcnrt n oeau x das anuattutdoQg nnHnlt 'slzHfiVaoc .I .H lrlrhoJ .rlrc ir,rzxcorJo II I won.rd. r,{rsrNrtdu Vou rurrare[ tarrr,o.r,ro osedus .rNerfolr '1111 .eserld.deenn.d.nzdng -ou sluraVeed xoeadl,o osoufid DsnH anltarwdoQg, 'uraurnurrr .8U ]r]r]roI 4ornirdu slurn[ooc II ngoxfid Dgm oea'n)rcnH BnHnIf '(onnro.lcou an) r,vc qrkru{or.Lo II 11[ zvrnrar x rror.rd wrsrrundu Vou evns H ra]rho.r rO osoJtfrd oenu nundnAl wc 0g : d[: H[

q,Lfis,tcoil raueeudd rsur,rr[ .tt.xdenr q,Lrax{orfro :g r{.xrro,r, zyfiiulauurr ortrHolrcrfotrodu ou oaudus I nnr,ol lg neotaftd ountrfl , .andal,dar,H olreg)roil )IBlr '4atattarr gousrrr qllrnr[aoc ,I& .I]I .e11r,rxrrog I g o.ro,rcodurO..B{rlrm urdgey ,tr,rroslrcorc

89r

Teopur

ocrroBa nparcruKll

169

Jrnnvl:araJrvrnfi BHIIB no HeMy orJroficnrb 4 cu. IIInprHa Bbrrarrrcu - 4 cNr.To.rnn 2, 4,2 coeAr{rrrrrb O Qopnnenue nuHuu. maJluu Toqxra T,21 2, 1 coe4rnnurb rrJraBHoitamr'raeit. Kourypnrre Jrurnurvnrrnpofixra c[]rHnr{ rrpoxoAffT uo ToqKaM: A , f , T , 2 , 4 , 2 , 1 , T 1 ,K 1 , f f 3 , 1 , 6 - 7 r I , l . L , 1 , H , 1 ,

rrz , v I ,E, 0 , 5, I 0 , A.
II ocmpoeHuenoilovrcu(puc. 74 6) 0o rnanuu lnurua cnu,tdtcu AT: ACT: Bg crvr. Jlunua tueu AAr : [IOI2 * nP : 48 + 4: 52 crt. fI onomeruue nuHuu, apy}u an A r: fror2 , 4g - - + 5.: 2 1 *5cru: 3 3 crvr.

Illupurua cnuvrcu fC: flor" - ; - + 2 , 5 c M : - -48 ; + 2 , 5 : 1 8 , 5c u .


o . J

Illupuna npoilnur UII : 48 floro -- - - 4+ . 0 , 5 c M: - + 4 4 0,5: I2,5 ctw.

fI onoeuruatuuputrbL npotttwut CN :; L2,5 :6,25 cK :; cltt

'nlc

7:

ZT

r4lrhorofi Bharfrr eurrdram

: olf

ntrhoTarqgnnHnlt lnoedauop nunsotrdoe rao ohalrrl oundnal

'r{caT:z-7I:I^rcz-votr
ntrho'ttolt Dhalfu oundn 17 'onsroser4odu osars oruHrrrr srucroVodn 'q.r.raulrYaocrg.'g uurrol '(renaro.lcorr Burrhrrrfaa) wc Z crl'ra:r.oruo rram ufirr -rrrr ou oaors r11 nxr'o.r,LO 's;r4ufiVaoc rg 31qlrnnol

'(reanro.rcorr Brrrrthr.tnaa) wc I : rgg :rS dxr'o.r,q.f,I,rserco[]r nc 8 4ronuntruom r4rrrr -I{rr )r dnndxu[saudau z.lcoaodu enus U rr]rhor rO
nilholrou oeovfrd n Dgm ozogahaltu nnHnlt gnuattsnduolt B1fe nthoTa atqHqtautoeoarcucg

'nc g'g: g'0 L:

r r c9 ' 0 - 1 1 ' g :f S mansondoe oangftttr

'o'cl:I+g: 8I
'r.trg'VZ: g'0 +

wcI+mOil:Ifg nunsoltdoz oundng

z
;
R

z : : nlc g'0 * Ntr d' nunsordoz ounmdag


*
g

' erc 8 :,

# :e {i Z

tO U

: ['II

nilholurqs nung fittz rnuatr agaduo slr I ou ) g o ttho'til BDHqt aut o ?o?tt
fluouncorc g o.ro,r.codu rO'BqJ.rrru eu,tgey

oLr

Teopua -

ocrroBa rrpaxTrlrcr.r

171

uaeruueruaepy OQop 0 ruott. ewmavrcu


M(D: JIO:4 Oc rnamorc n.rleva nonoq.rcu - JIO:12@@tI:rur4pnuarrJrerralroJrorrxrr 4:8 cu. cru.

(flo4po6noe odugcneHrae rrocrpoeHuff Bbrrarrnnr ]r.


NJICIIA IIOJIOIIKII AAHO IIPU IIOCTPOEHULI OCHOBHOTO qCP-

Terfta n.narsa.) OQopnneruue nuHuu dorcoeoeo tuaa Or roqrz r BnpaBo fio rryrnvrvraJrurut orJrol*clrrb 2,5 ct'r
Il IIOCTaBUTb TOTIKy T1:

TT1: 2,5 cm (re.nr,rurHa He nocroannaa). Or roqxra 11 BHrurB or.norxurr 1 cu. Or ro.rrcr.rC x orpeaxy Kr rpoBecrn rryHKrLtpHyK)
JMHIZIIO, paBHyIO 9 Clt, U nOCTaBr{Tb tOUXy Kr:

CKt : 9 cu (ne;rnvuna nocronnnaa). Orpeeox CKt paegeJrvrb fiororau. Or roqxu K qepe3 TotrKy AeJreHr.lff [poBeeTrr [pflMyro [yHKTr{pHyro paBnyro 7 ,5 cw, r{ frocraBr4rr rouxy E2: JrvrlauIro, KE, : 7,5 cvr (ae.nn.runa uocrosnnaa). To.rxu E2, K1, rr, 1 coeAvrrurrb unasuofi nuumefit, KaH noHaSaHoHa qepTer{ce. lnurua pArcaaa Or ro.rrcra Y saeso fio Jrurravrvt orJro*cr.rrb Mepxy AJruHbr pyxaBa u rrocraBrrru rouxy Ht:

'rt'If 'r'zo'o'F.'Ig'rH ,I ,zld,I ,zg..tX .tt ,T ,Z ,V ,Z ,Z ,IL,rJ,6 :r,rreUrrO,r, OU .ln[oxodu fi ]rhorf ou n nuodursa vrurllutt arsnddl,noy 'slrrur,rVaoc 'V '7 raxnoTu'rrc q,rr4xcorro Z 7 uIuIuvrtrou elaHs z6 r,rr*to.l rO 'ruc Z orr <rrr4*{orrro uulf -eJ, ytrlrvrlr ou edrrr{rruVneudeu ro osars ra oaedug 'dnrdxz[nau gr{Hs zg znr'o.r ,r,g -dan ulatrer urutuutlr oV ra.r,caaod[ nHhDut lqs Uos an1r0 u anu atw doQg 'ance,rdan H oug)rorr ]re]r 't4auuutt ploHserrr slvHula -oJ 'Z r{)rho; 'wc irrntrcor,Lo suua r;, rr)rhor JO I ?, nn1r01unnH.nlt anuatfi dofu6
'qJ"vIJr4VA

-oc z[ 'T 'zH r4]rhoJ,'ruc I qrnxcorlo.d.drnr(uraVneudeu orr xdasa z11zg gauwurv c vLrnorrecadau zrrhol rO 'esexdd sm oJauucurlavtyrnvrlr oV iHh uwrnurlr x drrr(nraVnaudeu ralcesodu gg rrlrr'or rO '(axdarruon) rr,nor o[ eserrdd [slzvY - ruc gg srr4x(orro IHh Lrurur.t orr osars Ia r4]rhor .r,O osoxfrd Dsm ozaHilcnHnnHnlr anuattwdoQg 'Uovrrararr goHsrrr s,LuHrafaocuH 'I 'rH rr]rhoJ 'wc I q&n)fforfro l\rorfJ/t nrrswl'du fou nr,rnaraY ux -ho; ro rt wrroxorr osedus s&uffatreedZHIH noeadl,6 osoufid Danrt anHatwdoipg

'salr'"" "":; o" r";;:::"ff "h';I ::::*


aH enur'uraa) rruc 6 * uHrH

'(renrrolcorr

:211,{xr'ol, q,Lr4sJcoil ra firc 6 rl,nrrorl,o r11lg uturrvrv lr lror.rd wrswrdu You.euns r11 zunol, ,rg nsottfrd otnu oundn6a

'r{rc 0g: dtr: rHF,


,tlrosncorc x o.rorcodu.rO lrql.um eufgey

zLl

Teopnr -

ocnoBa rrparcrxrcrr

173

rlepmem qetlbnorcpoevo?o wlarnbfl, na ocrroae tWvporireu nu$a rreJrbnorpoenoro rrJrarbg ,{aa nocrpoeHils BbrrcpoftKra
c qeJrbrroKpoeHbrM pyKaBoM MolrcHo noJrbSoBaTbca nrrnpofirarvru nuSa, K KoropbrM HarqonplTtreprr.rTbro6rcy
nJraTb.fl.

rrpu,{;ra upuuepa BoBbMeu;rraSc qeJrbHorcpoexbrM JreraroquM KoporrtrrM pyKaBoM a JracroBlrqefi (cu. pnc. 71). flaa nocrpoenpra qeprerrca rJrarbfl (puc. 75) Hyncuar c.ndAyrorqzeMepft!r (a cautnmerpax): 1) nropaa roJryoxpy*cHocrb rpyAl,r (nof2) - 48; 2) no.nyoxpylrcuocrb 6eaep (nOE) - 52; 3) g;rrana vrs4ennn (,4I{) - 110. Ilocmpoemue sadrueeonorlon'ttruula (prc. 75 a) Ha.nracre 6yuarz o6eecrz KoHTyp nrrxpofirn crranrr,r.nlrQa u nocraBrrtrb rorrRlr A, T, r. JI uruus c epe0unat aairueeo noJlotnHurya r{BAeJruJI Or roqxn A sHva orJroxcrrrb Mepxy AJTI4HrI rouxy H: r4 nocraBr4rr

AH - ilVI: 110 cl,,r. Jluuua uusa A]I, Or ro.rrcuH enpano,fiepneHAltrcyJrffpgo.nnnraH


npor{sBoJrbnofi 4.rrrxrr. [poBecTu IIpff Myro JrrutH]rro utaa Jluttuu dorcoaoeo O(popnnenue Or ro-rrcz r BnpaBo rro Jrprgrrll TaJruu orJlorrcr{Tb2r5 ctu
I{ IIOCTaBIITb TOtIKy T1:

rr1 :2,5 cu. Or ro.rrra rr BHr{B [poBecrr4 uyHKTrrpHyK) Jrragrrlo, napaJrJreJrbHyro JlrrurrraTH r paBHyIo efi no 4.nure. Ha nuaa uocraBrrrb rourcy Hr: lepecetreHvrur c Jrurnutefi

:g dnr.ol qlrirselc -o[II u INc 0z q,LIIucoIf,Lo vtuftrulrt oII ar4Hs J r4)Iho& ro da g ag nnlTntr anlt aucolt o II .HJ: IHI.T

9L'clld

f.lnonncorc n o.roacodu [0'$qrum

eufgey

VLT

Teopua -

ocuoBa rrpaftrrrrc[

175

TB:

20 cru (ne.nraur,rua noctoaunaa).

Jluruua 6e0ep w Ha Or ro.rrcr B enpano [poBecrrl npgMyro Jrvrnurro rtHt flocraBrrrb rourcy 3. flepeceqeHvrvr. c Jrl*rla]refi Illupurua aaOneeonoJlomHur4a no Jlutduu 6e0ep Or ro.mu 3 rupaao rro Jrurs'wvr 6e4ep orJroEcrrrb rroJropaarrocrr{ MetrcAy rvrepxoft rroJryoxpyxrnoerv 6e4ep BHHy u ueprofi eropoft roJryorpy)ruocr?r rpyArr fi rrocraBrrrb rouxy 3r: 33r: -1 Z 2 :Zc:ll.

Illupuna nJramb,flno Jluttuu t{uaa Or ro.rxra Ht onpaao orJro*crrrb orpegox, panunfi B3r, r uocraBr{Tb roury H2: HrHz:33t:2 "*'

Jlunraro Hfiga rro rrceJrarrfiroMolrcuo paclr[prrrb. utaa OQopnaeruue Jluttuu dorcoeoeo To.rrI,I T, 31, H2 coe4aru4Tb, KaK rroRa3aEo rra qepTelrce. aoit, 6atm avrcu O Qopmnen ue tn a JLue Lny6r,rny Bbrragnpr na nr,r$e paaAeJrrrrb rrorroJraM,or
TOITKI,I AEJIEIII4.fl BIII43 IIPOBECTfi TIPSMYIO I,I EA IIEPCCCITEHIII1I CE C JIrIHTIEft 6EACP IIOCTABIITb TOTIICYB.

Or ro.rxz B BBepx no Jrr{rrrrrlr orJrotrcrrrb 5 cru (roneq ra-nraesoft srrrauxz). Tovrcy 5 coe4nnnrb c Bbrraqrofi;rnQa, KaK rroxaaaHOr{a qepTet*e. Konrypurre Jrurr;.urw rrrrcpoftrcr saArrero rroJrorHr4rrla nJrarbr npoxoAffT rro rorrraM: A, T, E, H, H1, H2, 31, T, A.

-ag r.rJ,coHlr{rtdnod.rou goxdaw dyncanr u,rconeed .(tnug -orrou q,Lfi$corro detreg uurnvrrrorr osors zg wxrrol, 16 dagag nnHnlt ou olnnutuolrou oeaHgadaunundn1y 'rg d.xr'o,r qJrzselcou t11I;, 4eznufir c ururna:n ag nnr.ol, l,g -acadau en z orl{l,rgdt r.lcesodu osedfia ' dapag anlinl1

'(seuurrorcou enrar'r,nrea) r{c

0A : ug8,r

qlus,tc :zg ^d.unol, qwrucorJ,o urutrr.urv -ou fi rrc orr er4us 8,r, raunol l,6 0A dag ag nnHnlt anHaJ$olroII 't11 dxr'o.r qJnse,Lcorr euH gorruurr c vrvrr -ar'acedau e11 'axrarV ou ga ord.Hsedn sHer munntr ot/rs. -sralrredeu 'orz{.r,trduralcasodu euna I;, ,r}*rol JO nlnnu tu otrou oeaug adau nunpa daJ Bnlt n II ' 8H8r ururnyrrr ondnr,{nra[naudau . rqullrV gouirroseu -odu orrnnrar ordnrrdu ral,cesodu osedus 811 raxrro.r, .r,g Den'H tnHnx .rHtr:8He.r :e11zixr'o.r,qilrasercou r,r'(r.lud I11rr, atnnnroror -ar,,ueN) wanree eH vrvrlF.vrrt ordnsed torrrul,rr orz{.ndral,xnr(u ul,ceaodu er,rug 8.r,uxrro.r, l,g 'rlulg'A: slzr

:8,r,txrto,r,qrl2lsercou Ir rNJg'Z qru$colfro vtvfirel,utufttufir orr osars z,r, raurro,rlg Dsm oeosoHognnltnrr anuatrwdoQg '?1,,IJ .6 ralrno,rq.LrrrseJcorr raesnr v)rholr -ou raxuodxrss dd.,rHox u&casgo z;er,ndg orclrr H @ 92'cwd) otnnuu otrou o eaHg adau anu aodu co11
fr,tosucouc n o.ro,rcodu iLO'rqrrtm enr(gey

gLT

Teopun -

ocEoBa rrparcTurcrl

177

Aep u wrepxofi nropofi rroJryoftpylnHocrrr rpyArr r.r rrocraBrrb rouxy Bs: fIoE flor2 nz nr r a s : f f : # : 2 c u .52 - 4g

Illupurua nnambn no nuHuu Huaa Or ro.rxn H, naeno orJrot*nrb orpegox, parxrufr 3,r3,r,u rrocraBrarb rovry Hu: HrHu:3z3a:2cryr. JLEruarcHr{Ba no,rceJranrt ro Mor*cHopaciluparb. OQopuneruue JLuHuuflorcoaoeo tuea To.tcr,r r2r33, H, coegr,rru{Tb,rcafi rIoKaBaEoIt& qepTelrce. OQopnneruue JLUruuu trusq Or ro.rxlr Hn nHue orJrolrczrb 2 cM. To.rxr,r 2, Ifu coe.qr{Hr,rrb nnannoft nunnefr. O Qopnn enu e m a nue 6oit owmavrcu I.ny6zny Bbrraqfifi Ha lra$e paaAeJrr4Tb$orio.il&M. Or ro.mz AeJreHvfl BHLIB npoBecrr{ [pflMyro rr lta [pe*eqenr4r{ ee c Jrr4Hr4eft 6e4ep nocraBrlTb rorrrdy a. Or rcrrrca a BBepx orJrolrcr4rr 5 cu (xoHeq nrrraurn). Toorxy 5 coe4uHrlrrb c esrra.rxofi nr,r$a, KaK rroraaano rra qepTe,fie. Kon rypnrr e Jrurr'urur errnpoft rcr,r rrepeAHero noJrorurarrla fiJrarbff [poxoAflT no roqxaM: V, Tr, Br, Ha, Z,Hr, 33, T2, V. Vepmem nern r.e?o n&nbn?o c qenbnovpoeH,wtw py rt&6o Jn u Jl&cfno guryeti, nepexoAfl.urefi 6 pVn&6 ,{;ra nocrpoeur{ff rreprexca (puc. 76 u 7T) Hyrr{rrbr cJreAyroutrr4e Mepxrr (r canrrawrerpax): 1) noryoxpylrcuocrb rueu ([IOIII) - 18;

29'LT - ffmU) Yodar rsundum unuaonou (9 :g'LT - (CmD rrlrnrrucrsul,rdumenraorou (g (y s.r,conncztdnof.rou :gg - (,lOU) Lrurce& s,Lcouril^ddxortrou ltdo,ts (8 :gV - (elOn) r,rtrdd.r gl,conncddxoArcou readau (6 :gV - (I.1OU)ratrrtd.r
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7) snuwapyxaBa (AP) - 60; 8) 4.rrrana (ACT) - 38; crrrnxrr Ao ralrvrvt 9) 4;rIanarepeAa Ao rarrvtu(AIIT) - 38; 10) 4nranansg:errvrs. (AI4) - 115. flpra6aenana cno6o4noe o6neranue(np) - I cnn.

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:arrrrJorrgo aonVogoac H plxsegudu s.r,ed.L corrfu wc g'0 corrru r4)rur4ucrsHrdum rslHllsorou exdent orr qrr]$orrlo (CJ noead'r,o) r{}rn}rlrc Asudrm lsdzt.ru@ oHqrrelroufidouoduorr H' anuonawnd y orqHHalr{orrc

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inx'HnrtJ oundnly 'rg d.xr.or - Berru gavrnvtT.f en e '-1 rtx c Llr.IHarracodau -hor qrusl,cou rzVd.d'rUaurnvrrr c trr4Hahacadau en vr segvrra vrvrnull,t o[ orprnnr sfirrcroVodu 'qrusu[aoc I 'V LI]Iho;. 'ilrc I ?tonr,rrtr xoead,ro q.r,r4)rcorflo ururnutt on oaedua J l4)rhor rO ulvfiter' otnnuutotrou oeaHeoenungadac coup '(rennrol,corr EHI4hr{Iraa) r,tc 0A : g;
dagag nnHnt anHaJuolto If

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nnnDru oe nilltnuc oanttfr

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: JV

ng fide nnHnlr anHailcolro If

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.ruC gTI :IAY: ITV otnnutuotrou ozaHeoe nun padac BnHn If anuaodtucoy (92'c*rd) otnnutaotrou oea'Hgoc
,trrosncorc x olol.codrr &O'rqrrrru eMgey

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181

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Illupuua pocmrco AP: iloIII g + 1 , 5" * : ; lR + 1,5:7,5 cnn.

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PIO : 3+0,1 cM rra paoMep. Vdnuneruue nneva cnuHrcu u.a nocahrcy To.rxa IO, E coe4zHlrrb, [poAoJrrrr4BJlt4Hrrro or roqxr,r E na 2 ctw,m [ocraBr4Tb rourty ?1:

EII: III upuruanJlevacnuHrct t

2 cnt.

IOPI: 16 crvl(raamepnrt). OQopmnenue .llutluu nJrevelo?o tu6a cnuHrcu Or ro-rHu IO nnpano orJrox{,r{Tb4 cwr (ne.nzrrr4narlocroannaa). Or ro-rxu 4 suna rro,qrrpffMbrM yrJroM orJrotrcrrrb 0,5 cnn. To-rrcrE IO, 0,5, E, LI coe4uulrrb rrJraBuoft xusueft. Bc nouoe ame nbHble nxovrcu )na nanpa*JleHu,n nuHuu pAreaaa Or ro.*cra E enpano tro Jrr4Hrltrr urer{ orJloxcratr 3 cru (ne.nuurananocrogrrnaa) lr nocranrarr rouxy,{:

' qAVrIJI?Irr 4roIIsrII qrr,rH -n[aoc gI 'I 'I['raxr.o;, 'rrucI qfiuxcor,Lo fior;f. ilrrsu[ -ndu Vou rnnereV fi]rhor ,r,o osedus 'rNrorrorr qwrr -eVeed 'gIr[ xoeedl,o 'o ',1 'dezss eseufd.d.nzda111 osoafid DenH anHatrwdopg 'sluHr,rVaoc gI 'rll lrlrho;. osouftd osm oeaH)$nHsnHnlt '(rennrolcorr oH BH -rr'raraa) wc gI 'a ',L 'BsBH,&d eerzn /(Hrndum qruucorfro rfiifii rror.r.{ r,{rsnrrdu Vou evns r['zxr'ol, lg urauwr u osoxfid nenu oundnyl 'rrc IVI 0g : d[ :

: I tlraael,colr 14 ese trdd rsu r,rr[,tndar,rr qrrfr)rcorr,Lo I y1fii rararavttt orrznetrrofodu ou osedus [' rxr'ol ,r,6 oeoufid ountfr 'gafirrwr '(ozn III 'g-g nondv.r,xndu s.LznzVaoc r{xho;. -rfolrcou) ruc g-g sJ,r4u(or.r,o xdess v osedua 211 ranr'ol,lg '3H ^uho.r rrlt4srcorr u 'rafrfidl orprHrurrr or,{ndnrz{.nprVnar -dan 'ordrurdl ral,cesodrrgr4Hvrvruvrvo[ I]I u]rhor rO

D smo 2 o so :::"ffi: : :;';T::.?

nhnsolacolr Brre eadgo 11 'IlI duhor qwrsrcox ra(rennr -oJ,coIIenrar'zraa) wc 6 q,r,I1lH{orro auHs l{ u}rhor ro nhnsolacolt BnO oeadpou tnuatrwdoQo alte
D)[hOlA BOltqT aIA OeOilfOUJ g

'onsroseuodu osedus orr{Hrrr szrrcroVodrr 'qlzrrrtVeoc 7 'fij uuhoJ 'wc z qru}Icorro er4HsIrnH -araY r,r)rhor,Lou vrrerrorrou s,LzraVeed 11111 noeed.l6

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g oro,rcodu rO'B.r.rrlm eufgey

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Teoprrx -

ocf,oBa rrparcrr,rrcr.r

183

OQopmnenue nuruuil Bepxve ao u tdu?EHeeo ta6oa parcaBa pynaBa Ao JroKOr ro.rrcn,{ onaoxrrarr 3 5 clr - AJrlzlay (uo ta rvrepre). Or ro.rxra 35 nporecrur Jrvrnnur AArnepIIeHAIrtKyJI,ffp AO JII4H|4II HIIlIcHero IIIBa pyKaBa, IIpOAOJI-

)r{r4B erlo BHI4B Ha 1r5 cu. To.rxu Kl, 1r5, 15 coe4unr,rrr n.nagHofi nnnlaefri - nr,rlrnnfi rrroB pyxaBa. Or roqrpr 35 sHlre rro [epfleuArrnyJrspy orJroficlrrb 1 c*r. Toqrnla 2, Ir,{1 coe4rnarb rrJraBHofi. nusueit nepxnraft [roB pyraBa. OQopmneruueJrorcmeaoft aatmavrcu Ot ro.rxra 1,5 no fiulnun rrr4'rcgero rrrBa pynaBa BrrpaBo rirBJreBo orJrofirrarb no 1 cu. ilnwraa Bbrrarrxrr * ? cIu. To'rxu 1,7, L coe.qrrHtrrb, $aK rroxaaano Ha qepre*ce. Konrypnlr e nurnutv nrmpofi rcn BaAHero fioJrorurrrqa rrpoxoAflTrro rorrraM: A, I, 1, Hr, H2, 3-5, Kr, 1,7, L,

1 5 ,1 , A r , 1 , f r , 8 , 0 , 5 , I O ,A .
II o c rnp o e ruue nep e0 He?o no ilo m Hu uJl a (puc. 7 7\ p JI uruua ce eOuttut c nuHrcu

AH:
Jluruua uteu AA1:

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nOI2 * np:

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ff onottceruueJlur{uu epy0u

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0o ntanuu flauu.acnuHrcu AT:,4CT:38 cu.

'ric ' 'rNc :9'I 9'l *

9'Z: IfA: Aff lqunsolrdozoungfurtr 8 8 : wc 9'I + Ifg sI m-ou: nunsoltdoe oundnyl

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D Hho1il BDHqtalUo ?OWOUCg

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v : 'r rc9' 8I : g'I * ? : w c c'r -f J o -''z [ uc ^ 8v


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ntHnuc oundnal

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dag ag nnHnt ?n11 ailcon oIf
rlr,nonxora n o,rolaodu lO'rrqrrm ulrl(gey

78r

Teopxa -

ocuoBg upanrrucrr

185

Bc nouo earneJrbtdble tnovrcu 0 na rtanp a6JLe Hu&


JLUHUUnJLeVeAO?O LUAAU pArc&BA 0OJIOV\CU A^ fIOf2 4R

CC, :

-+

0,5 "* :;

+ 0,b : t2,b clr.

To.rxu M, Cr coe.qr,rnprrb. Or ro.{Hra fI, n.neno no Jrrrlaurut TJrera orJro*Cr{rb 4 clr (nocroanno). Orpeaor EC paac nzlxnefi ro.rAeJrtrrb Ha rprr rracrr4. Touxy 4 coeAT4Hlrrb g, npo,qoJItKutB Jrvrnurro rcofi 4e.rren r,r BJreBonporagBoJrbHo. III upurta nneva noJlottrcu = 16 - 2- L4 crvr. IOU - 2 cr6. Illupuna uleva on7 eopnolurrbL 0o nepaoil nuHuu lblmavrcu. iIU: rrrr{pr{Hanreqa floJrorrKr! : B L4 B :4,-oem.

OQopnnen ue u aepylruoil ebrmaqrcu M(D: JIO:4,5 cu. Ocmamorc ntleqa nonovrcu OrI : rur4p?rHa rrJrerra roroqxr4 - JIO : 14 - 4,5: g,5 cu. (flo4po6uo nocrpoeHr{e Bbrrarrrrzr r{ rrJreqa rroJro\rrrl AaHo fipra nocrpoeHr4procHoBuoro qeprexca naarrn.) B c no no ea rnenbHun nlovrca 1na oQopwJleHu,fl no)pesa 1na nacrrloauutbr Or ro-rxra K sHzs orJroxcrrrb g crvr (ae.nzrrr{Ha rrocroaunaa) r{ nocraBr.rrr rouxy K1. II o}pea 1na nacmo6ut4br To.rnra fI, ICr coeAlrut4Tb. O Qopnnertue nuHutt, flotcoeo eo tuaq Or ro.rxra Kr Ao rrvrnurvHuBa rrpoBecrr,rrrp.fiMyro Jrr,rH?rro, rapaJrJreJrbHyroAH, r,r flocraBr{Tb rovxy Hr.

'A rul.oJ u 's,LuHfiVeoc 8I-II eH 'ST-II r4)rrro; '811 ,txr'ol, clrr4sercorr ]I INc SI-II qr[rax{orfro eawr vr?tnrtrf on osedus r11 zxr'ol,. .r,g '(rfHrrrt - econeertrou .t(nr,rd -o,LcoII aH BHra]rwraa) nrc 8I-II -um qJ,Lrx{orfro vmrlaurlr ou osedus ry zxnol, .r,6 uom ocouoefinou anuatwdoQg
.qTI{II

-utraoc rfi 'I '7 uxnoa'wc I gJra)r{olrlo xdess uvlr.vIv 'esexrtd sm oJaHxcuHrrr4Hrrr ox drr 4ronner'dro[ ou -dnn[neudau 16lr.NraHrrrr x zl,casodu gg ]r]rho& rO (exdew ou) rl,uor oV eaexrtd dnrantr - Il/{rc 98 qJ,ul}Icolr$ovtutlJtrl/ ou o8ars Ii fiuhoJ Jo osoufid Dgm oealiJtcnlinnHnlr anuatwdo$g ' rtrovtrl'vrr.t r s.rlruz[aoc 4oHsru Z' T' h rr)r]ro; 'wc q.Lxxorfro ruorf I .,rz(rrurswrdu fou rzgena[ lr]rrro,L ,r,oogedue u r\Irrouofi s.r,lrrreVeed6I1i uoead,Lo '<ITllHlrYaoJ Z'16 ranr'o;, . osoufrdotnuanuatwdoQg '(eaexztd rqam ar{H}rcrrH a}r -horfou rr alrurrrrc BH srlrnsdrsu) nrc z <rru)(olfro rllSr 'I34 uur'o;, lr)rrro.L .lo 'qfi,rllr,rtraoc ururH'utrt orr 91 8I BnHnIf osoxfid ogm oeaHx$nH '(reuHnolcorr aH E 'a 'r '^8r,rHeeseErtd dnudum <rrE$cor.r.o -ur'zraa) l\Ic 8I 166 [ou aune 16 nnr'ol, r,6 raron;z( rNrsrrrdu rlrnnn n nsoufid oenu oundnyg 'rruc 09: dV: 'frFt

:16 dnr'o.r, qrrlrgercoil n eaexdd rsx -un[ dxdarn q&n)$orro wura.urrou osars h rr]rhor JO oooxfid oannfi! 'yovtuvrlr Iy 'g-g ranr'o;, '(orux 4ondrn.r,xnrtn s,rnufiVeoc -Brrax{ ou) nrc g-g ilrldrr{or.r,o xdass u osars 211ranr'o.l .r,g flronxconc u o.roraodu rO'rrqrum eur(gey

98r

Teopua -

ocrroBa fipaxTunrl

r87

OQopnneruue Husa nepe}rueeononoru+au,a Or ro.rerc Hr, Hs BHrrBorJroxcr.rrbno 2 clr. Tortxn 2, 2, HzcoeAr4urrrb n.naenofi nuwueft. Itonryprrlr e Jrunutn nsrnpofi xu nepeAuero rroJrorut4n{a npoxoAffr rro roqxaM: y, 1 1- 13 , }Is, 2, 2, H2, Kr, 1 , 2, l,Yy H, @, Or, 1, I, V. If o c mp o e Hu e n a c nxo a uutbl, nepexo1nr4eit a pArcas (pnc. 76 6\ flpoeecrra ABe nepfieH/qr,rxyJrffpHbreJrlrHlrurur Ha urx lepeceqeur4v [ocraBT4Tb rorrry O. Or rorrxr{ O anpano rr BJreBooTJroxcrrTb' f 2 rrrlzpl.z]dsr npofiurr:

crvr. +: ry:6,?5
Or ro.rrcn O enepx orJrolrcr4Tb 9 cwr, r. e. orpeaox fIK, na rroJroqKe. To.rxr 6,75;9;6,75 coe.qr4uvtrb. Or ro.rnz 9 sHraaorJrolrct4Tb 56 cwr,T. e. orpeaxz fIKl w fI2 Ha noJrorrxe, tr nocraBrrrb roqxy B. Or ro.rxra B BrrpaBourBJreBo orJrolrcrdrbno 5 cwr(senuqzua He [ocro: aunaa). Toqrra 5;6,75 coe1nn:zrb. Or roqnra 5 nnpano orJroxcrrrb 2 cmn oSoprvrrarr JrnHlrro BaAHerorrrBaJracroBr{rlbr, ftaK rrorcaaanoHa rreprerfte. Or ro-rrcz 5 neepx orJro*rrclrrb I crvr.To.rxuI,2 coeArEur4Tb n.nasHofi r':,zru:aett. Konrypnrr e Jrunvrrz ntrrpofi rcraJracroBr4qbrnpoxoAfl T no rorrnaM:9;6,75;L; 2:6,75;9. Ocn oan oti veprnetft rc6rcu flpalraa ro6xa Mo)fier 6srrs c AByMff rrrBaMr4 r,rJrra c o.4nzryr. Ha ocHoBe4annofi nrrNpofircz Mo)r{,Ho xporam ro6Klr paorfiqnsrx $aconoa. ,{.rra nocrpoeHr4ff qepre}fia ro6xu (pzc. 78) Hy}rcnbr cJreAyrorlr4eMepxr4 (n caHrrauerpax): L) nonyoxpylrcHocrb ranuftr (nOT) - 38; 2) no.nyorcpyrrcHocrb 6e4ep (IIOB) - 52; 3) 4;rnna BaAHerorrorrorurarrlarc6ftlr (AB[D ; 71; ,

'ql,ranr,rIaocrII' r;. r,rrir,o;, nxga o?nnutaotrou ozaagadau nungadac BnHnI! 'r^Ic gg : tIJ: tHH

u '4a ordnaednuutret aarrr,rr or.,{.rl :r11d.nrtol, q,trase,Lcorr -srerrredeu 'or.Ar,rrdu ral,cagodu osedus H Lrxrhor rO DenH Bn?rnlf

'rrc

eg : I + Zg : rrc I + gOU : t,LJ

:r;, dr*rol, qfifisrcor n corrrrr deVag ralcou afiHeJorfgo eontrogouc eH v[c Z-I q&uxcor.ro -ncddxofrou z{xdarru osedils ;. Lt]rho& rO nnto'tu BnHna' .WC IL: IIET : H.t

q&usraoil rr urrgor BInr,rurorou :11^d'nrrol, o;anfee rsHzr[ dxderr srrr4trcorro euHs rr]rho& rO I ntga otnnutuottou ozaHODe ounufr ';. alrhor a gonnmdas c ro;d 4rorttrdu sl,rnodl,cog xgu fnnuuolroll ozaupadau n ozaHg0eanuaoducoy 'rfolr oY uutrel. urvrrawr! ,ro ra,r,erday[er{ ta]r -gor enzrfl' 'yrornarr goaodl,elrrarrrec r{rfrr nrodrtsm qruclt -ouo rtdrt.rraQnrarel ururuurr! orr oHqrrerHoerado.r o,rodla om -ztroxgoen krlrgol rsHr4rV nodarr rtt4rrrHc o.ronr'o.r,rr[' nxnutudou UoHlaiquo anltohawog *

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' (runnrorcofi aH Hrrrrurf (du) auuJarrgo eonVogoacenunaegzd11 r4]r9oretnranlonou o.ranVadauenurV (g :gl - (SO1[) dxog ou ulrgor euurtr (7
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T B : 2 0c u .
Jlunua 6e0ep Or ro.rxu B enpano fipoBecrrr napaJrJreJrbnoJrunutur TaJrnfi [pffMyro, paBuyro TT1, ut rrocraBr.rrb rouxy Br.

:lluhJrss ellnree asY H ol{uoxog 'oronrfadau H q.lrlrreVeduced srcoHeed ordu -nar'dno11 'd.xvecou BH r/[c I u vfirrreJ" ra,r,conrrddnod.rou fdxder,t qJnH,Lo (t.l,f,) z,ilvel ururuvrt ou rsHr4dzm rO xaholang xlqg anlro'ut nung fitt e uahlo d 'sluur4Vaoc zr 'Ir ';. trlrhoJ nnrtola nnHnlt anHagcoroa

'rtc I : OL- U:

IIUtr - ile[ - z,r.I,L

:zr. dxrto.r, s,Lrs -lcorr fi rr)rgor Innnl,orou o.ranVadeu ra o.renfee ur\rB]r qlcouaed s.Luxcor,Lo elrus r;, nxr'o.r, l.6 -danr Atrncav[ nxga olnnuutotrou oeaugadau ountfr 't\rc Z : IL - eL : Ug[ - gg1[ : r.r..r,

:rr ,txno.r, q&Lrse.r,co[fi *rrrgoreluprn.ror -ou o;enfee rsHllrV gondaw u d.xog ou rr]rgor mnnnY 4ox -daw d[xcow rrJcoueed s,LaxcorJ,o r rr]rhor rO xdass ',r,ztnrro,r, s,Lfia -rco[n vwmrer \s]trarlrrr c rrriruohocadau un fi ';,g urvrrauw xdess ag unr'o.r,l,6 orrtnsrerrredu' orzsnr ra.r,caeodu 'r^rcg-Z en srzdum -ced onxcor\r orrrnerfoxc orr BeLrHorr4urrlf '211rtnrro,l slraa -rco[ll Ber4rr c krrrHor'acodau en N '119 urutlfrutrr EranHrrr ordnsranrrBdeu 'orranrar r,r,r,cagodu ezxa zg ulrhoJlO osm oeosouog nnHnlt anuatwdoQg

' t * cg ' g a : r ' - 83 : 9 r' r ct r - g : - :g

agg

:zg dnr'o.r, q.r,fisercou n (wc 7 cfrtnan - lrtoros -unc rulrinoren/tlcrsa c rsufilfiHarr rrV) nrc 1 cdnr,rrurgg eueadl,o /inlrsorou qruucorlo osedug g lr]r]ror J,O nuga olnnutuotou oeaHgoeoundnly
rfuronuconc x oao.rcodu &0'rrtrrilE uu{gey

06r

Teopna - ocrroBarrparcrrrn[ TTr- IIOT - 1 cu : 53 * 38 * 1 : 14 cru.

191

lLa no.rryuenuoft BeJrr{rrr{Hbr Bbrqecrb 2 cM r;ry6lrny nepe4neft Bbrraqftr (ae.rruulrna uocroanaaa): 14 - 2: 12cu. I.ry6rna Hocrr{: 6oxosofi BLrratrxrr paBrra rroJroBnue pagrz

T:
Bropyrc

:5 o c nu M.

[oJroBrrHy paorrocrrr nopoBny pacrpeAe-

JIUTb HA.4BE SAAHLIE BLITAIIKI,I:

6 _ 3 cnn. 2
O Qopu n eruue6orco aoit lblmavrcu Or ro.rrcrarr BJreBo r{ B[paBo orJro]rcr4Tb rro rroJroBr{He r;ry6unrr 6oxosofi Bbrraqrcz (no 3 crrr). Or roqxz B, nnepx orJroxcrirrb 5 clr. To.rxr,r 3, 5, B coeAr4nrrrb nJrasnofi ntaulaeflt, rcax noKaaauo Ha rreprefice. O Qopn.neu.uenepeoil salneil abnnavrcu Or ro.rrtu T nnpaao no Jrunurzr Tr, or.nolrrr"l14 MepKr{ fioJryotcpyxHocTu TaJrur.r Mtrrlyc 0,5 cu u trocTanurr rourcy C:

rc - il?I - 0,5 cu:

-o,b:ecu.

Or ro.rxra C sHua rrpoBecra [yHRTr4pHJrro Jrtrrrt4ro, [apaJlJreJrbuyro JILtHrrr't TE, rI Ha nepeceqeHr{r! c Jrvtnuefi 6e4ep rrocraBrdrb rorrry Cr. Or roqnn C, nnpaao orJrolnLTTb 2 cwr(re.naqrrHa nocro,flrruaa). Tourcu 2, C coeArzulrrb. Or ro.rxra 2 naepx no JraHrrlr ot.no*cnrr b ena (nocroanno). Or rorrftlr C no nnuuut ratrutlz.BrrpaBo [r

'u,r,'g'o 'or 'g'o


'8 'g 'zg 'zH "H 'rg 'zr raxgoretn ou .r,rvoxodl :v\IBl*roJ -r4H.Lorrorr artndzt,r,noX'1 o;enVadau uxgodnrsa vrulraufir

' J ' g ' o ' g ' g ' o' g ' o ' g

'g'0 'g 'g'zg 'zH 'H 'g '; :r,teuhor ou.r,rYoxodu Ltlrgor x4odn rr a urvtravlrt ats ndzttxoXl utnrEn,roro n o.ranfee r,r 'Lrvrlrer 'auceldarr t.lrrtdo$g ]re]r ollrHrrtrf H ouBe)rott 'wc g'0 ou qJraxc -orfro xdogs T )rar.or rO 'qrl,rHr,Ifaoc I '0T 'I l,rlrhotr, 'rruc 0I qrrr4ucorro XIZ vrvrlavrtou xdass U lllrhor JO '(ruc ou) nxr'el,rru rsnugd.rJ aHr{sororr orr qrlrx{ I -orr.Lovwrrel vrutuutlrotr osara r,rosed[g J{ ?r}rho,t ,rO ' q.r,r.rnr.rVao c II' Z rrlrhoJ '(rennro.r,cou wc daVag unla,nu Hrahlrrraa) Z s.J,rz:malrr,o qwlsu,Lcou deVeg yavtl* o[rrosars IX4raxr.ol,JO 'rx4.r{.nnol, -w c prunar.acedarr H ut 'rgrJ vrur]dvr]/ oLd.nsrarredeu 'or.trrvrrr orAndz.lxnfu ltlcaaodu euHa J,I r,Ilrhor JO
. I ^ I Cg . Z T

" - 8g rorr -'

qlr4srcorr ut ul-lre r H,rconrrddno.rt rou rxdart : y l{.xr'o.r, u,r, 8/, urutraurr Iaurto.r, .r4 firrrf,r oil osarg ' l sr,zrrolfro g ntho'tuns Uaug adau anuatrwdo@ 'rtc g'0 ou qrvu{or.r,o xdaas g'I ua}ror rO 'slfiHr4Yaocg'I :g lg'1 uxno;, '(renrro.r,corr Burrhrrlraa) r,ucg <rrr{ucorrroxdesg I.r ra}r -r.ol, rO'(ruc g'I ou) nxr'e.r,rra 4enfee rsnrag{.rl aHprsor -or o[tl osars lt ogedug q,LrrH{orfro vlurrfP,lurutlsultt ou r Hx -horlO 's,Luur[aoc IJ 'J rr]rho; 'rJ - datreg vrurnvrlr ou g ',1 - nutfBl, uIullavrTr orr :r{}r}ror q.Lus.lcon n rlrforrou s,rfiraVeed datra9 uwrla.trlr orr zg rr]r]ror o[ g ranrrol, ,r,or vrnrrar ururnvrlr orr I r{}Iho.r,oil g'1 }r}rho.L ,r,oraneed.lg nxhD'ralqs qaHeoe anuatrwdoQg 4odouto 's.LzHufaoc g'I :g lg'1 nnr'o;, '(wc A'I or) nnr'e.r, -rss r4atrVEersnragrtrJ auusoroIt ou qru}tcorro osora
rfuronrrora n o,rolcodu J,O'rq.f,ilm u*(gey

zgl

Teopur -

ocrroBa rrpaxTurcu

193

V epmeuc ?rceH,cttux 6prorc ,{.na nocrpoerrr2rsrrepre}r{a rfiencxlrx 6pror (prc. 79) rrylrcubrcJreAyroque MepKI,I(n canrrawretpax): 1) noryoxpylnHocrb rarrvlr (nOD - 38; 2) no.ryorcpylrcHocrb 6e4ep ([OB) - 52; (ALI) - 102. 3) tnuna vrcAerrvIn Ilocmpoenue nepe0neit uacmu 6pnrc flocrponrr npn*rofi yroJr c neprur,rnofts ro.rxe T. faurua 6pnrc Or ro.rxu T egus orJrolnr4Tb Mepxy AJrlarrbrvrsl.ervrfl u rrocraBrau rouxy H:

TH : nld:

102 cn.

Jluruus ruuaa H nnpaeo npoBecrn rlpflMylo JrrrntrroilpoOr ro.rrcra flep[elrAraxyJrJrpno ;runzr,rTH. nsnorrHofi AJrrrubr, lny1uua cu)eruas T eHras orJro)r{urbL12uepxu fIOE nrrcc Or ro.rrcpr 1 cwrn [ocraBurb rourcy B: fIoE, . 52, < * I c r u- + I:27 2 2 cll.

Illupur+a 6pnrc L Or ro.rxn E nnpanoorJroxrr,rrb 12*"p*tfIOB 0,5 cu rr nocraBrrrr rovrcy E1:


nn

n.nroc

EBr:

fIoB

;+

0,5cw:

4'

f+

0,5: 26,5cn.

1/16 ueprcrzrroJryoKor ro.ftcn E, nupano orJro)rcr{Tb pyrr(Hocrr{ 6egep u rrocraBurr rourcy B2:

cuilenaa Mupurua

s , s , : H : # : 5 , 2c u .
7 A. Corxuem

'ar*a.r,dert H oHBgBlrou )ralr 'r4oLrravrr! '.r,'agl[[ uoHseru slnur.r[eoc zg'Z'g rr]rho; 'lrltu.a Z'g'a firsHsed ')rogadl,o q,LuxcorfJo xdaas Ig uuno,r, 16 'I;. ^[uho.LqrusJaorr n vufirer, urulnnv otr .g;, orrt'n -srarredeu 'or.d.nindnzlcasodu xdaes rg rrxrlo,r.r,g
6L'cvrd

I I I I I I I I I

,{ruosnesna n oror,codu rO'lrseum enfgey

?BI

Teopr.rs -

ocnoBa rrparcrrlrcil

195

Jluruu,nsaArnrcftrcu Illrapnny cr4Aexbff (orpeaox BrEr) paaAeJrrrrb norronarr. OrpeBoK or roqrra AeJreHLrs.qo rorrrn B paa4e;rurr norroJraM u fiocran]rrb roqxy Br. Or rorrx?r E, nnraa 4o JrvrHvrvl{ur3a ur BBepx Ao JrnEuIn TaJruu [poBecTv rryHKTlrpuyro Jrrruuro, [apaJrJreJrbuyroJr]rHrru TH. IIIupuna ruuaa fprcrc Or ro.rra H nnpauo orJrolrcrrrrb 4-6 cwr.Tovrcr,r4-6, B coe4rzxzrs. Or Jrvrrvrrz Bayrro}rcrtfi BrrpaBo orJrolKr{Tb orpeaox, pannrrfi orpegrcy or rorrxr4 4-6 4o Jrvrnyrvgayrrorrcxrr, u uocraBnrb rotr$y H, (panencrBo orpecxoB Ha qeprerrce o6oaua.reuo .qByMsueprounauz). To-rftra H1 r,rB2 coe,qr.IHr4Tb O Qopnneruue tlutruu molluu. Or to.mll T1 nnza orJro*ctrrb 1 cru. To.rrcu 1, T coCAHHI,ITb.

P acrremeny 6uttut tnanue6blx lblmaverc I,Iarvreprarr rvrrrz:o T rE, : TtEt :26,5 crv. Or noayuennofi BeJrprrrr4ubr oruflTb | / 2*"p*t
oKpylr{HocTur Tanvwti

rroJry-

26,5cru

fIoT : 38 : 26,5-; 7,5 cvr. ;

floayrennyro paaHocrb Mr,ruyc 0,5 cu (na noca4xy) paclpeAeJrLlTbHa 6oronyro u [epeAHroro Bbrrarrxtr:
d

7, 5 - O , 5 : 7 c l t ,

: 3,5 crvr.

OQopnnenue 6orcoeoillbLmavrcu Ot ro.rrra T nnpano fio rrvrgulv raJrvlfi orJlolrtr4Tb 3,5 cnr. O$oprvrurr Bbrraqxy n.nannoft avtutteit, KaK rroKaSaHO Ha rlepTelIce.

'anca,rdart H orrBelrorr ]re]r ,Uoufr, ?g .I .zg ,Z,g ,g,O.r.l rurro;, -uIT-r uro'J.aerru sJuHravaoc 'rNc g'0 qrntrcorro wor.rzt rtIrsnrrdu you osedus nt4H -aratr ulrho& &O 'r rrforror qrzreleed rr, xoeedl,g 7rg 'tt\cz'e 0I -

OI

z9

soII

rff.

:I,r dxrro,r qrr{srcou ra'daYag ul,conrr.{dnollrou lrndenr oT "t /, xdass orr4Hr{rsn$crolodu .qluHzYaoc L,Z,g nxrroi

.Nc 7g:+ ' z9 - or : rr,L sou


qrLrseJcorr lr :,r .{.rftto.r, g ra.r,corilrcd detra dxo -ztnou r,rndanroT/ xrorro rirlrrBJ, vrvr*ur:rr ou oaara I;, ,"t r{xhor rO 'ruc I q.r,r4ucorloeuus rr,rnara[ ra]rho,[lO 'rllBrrouou s.r[ratreed tgzg uoead;,6 xudg nrucDh qarreo EsHaenc nnHnn anuatrwdoeg

rirc z'8: I +
9611 unda^

#:

or ^" * *' g o lr

: v qu zq u

:rg d.xrto.r,q,Lus.Lcor 14I Io g corlfu 0I/r qJ,r1r)rcorro 69 r,rnr,o,r, osedus ,rg . tc.HagnJ oundnp7 xudg n'raJoh naHODeanuaodtucoll

'g'g'r
'Z'g'zg 'IH 'g-f 'g 'g.g :y\relrho,L ou,rrYoxodn nordg rurrch raanvedeu uxraodnrse vryrldvrr arsnd{..r,nox,1

.^c AL'I:

-99'8
:II}IhB.LIqg OHIISOTOU

ou q.Lux{orf.r,o oaorg fi ogedus r,rxrrcor,rztee }rr{H}rrlO ( nxnogotrxa ) nxnnuree qaugadau anuatrwdoeg ,(ruosxorc u o.ro,rcodu[O.rrrrrlm eMgey 96I

Teopna -

ocnona rrpa$Trrrcil

rg7

OQopnnenue JLuHuumalruu rrpouaOr ro.mra T naeso [poBecrr4 flp.gMyrc Jrr.rHr{ro sorlHoft AJrrrrrbr. Or ro.rxra T1 BJreBo rrpoBecrr,r Ao [poBeAennofi rro Torrxrr r, JrurfiepecerreHurg c Jrralxvrefi,
l , '/ HLIIo, paBHyIo 2 leIepr"vr [oJIyoKpy]IcHocTpI rrJlroc 7 cvt, u lrocraBlrrb rotrrcy 12:

TaJIUIUI

TrTz:

nor
2

+7cw:

38 * 7:zG',, 2

P acvem eny furuat rnanueablx oblmaverc r1T2 orHffTu L12 *"p*, Or no.nyuennofi BeJrtlrrrrrrbr noJryoKpy*cHocrtr TaJrvrvrz

rrrz-

IIOT

i:

ru -; 38 : 7 cur.

flo.nyuennyro paaHocrb Mrauyc l- crvr(na nocaAxy) pacnpe.4eJrrrTb Ha ABe Sa"qHlre BbITaTTKLI:

7-1:6cwr,

6 : 3 crvr. 2

OQopmnenue 6bln1,a4erc Ha rpr{ qacrlr. Ot ro.ren AeJreOrpeaorc rlTz pa3AeJrrlTb


HI{ff nOA [IIpflMbIM yIJIOM K JIUIIIIII,VI TzTl BHI{3 OTJIOTI(I{Tb IIO

10 cnn(,4;runa nrrrauex), BrrpaBo r{ BJreBo- no 1r5 cvr (r;ry6uua nsrraver). Toqru L,5; 10; 1,5 coe4nnurr. Illupurua ruuaa 6pnrc Or ro.rnrE Hr nupano no JIr{HrruH}rBaorJrofi{ratr 1-2 cu (aeawrana He nocrosHnaa). Or rorltcu 4-6 sneso rro JrI{t;;urvrtalala orJrolr(r{Tb I-2 cw (nenn.runa ne nocroRnxaa). taaa Jlut{uu dorcoaozo Oipopmneruue To.rxu rr, L-2 coeAfiHr,rrb. ur6a OQopmneruuenuH.uu uLaeoaoao To.rrcraF.4, I-2 coeAurHlrrb. flo.uyrenHylo JretrrrropagAeJrrrrb [oloJraM. Or ro.rxra AeJreHrrfl BJIeBonoA rrpffMbrM yfJroM orlo*crars 3 ctu.

'(ruc8+gOU):g'0[+Jg :nrc g corru da[ -ag r{rcoH}rcddnod.rou axdelr ncslruaed enrrroy nvr[ xrz,le Br\rwd3 'xordg ualch uanYee n zen[adail aou -eed,ro xrsHHeVasodu dnrarV saudarre14 .[' .rtur.o,rs,rza 'xordg -.r,co[ r r4rch nanlee Bsm oJosorrog uu;autr o[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[osers 'J dnrro,r qrr{sB.Lco[ z .IgII vIuIHurrr ov os -edus orlrnr{rf sprxcroYodu .q.LlruuYaocg.0 .g uxho; 'g Alrho,t qJrlgercorr r4weroxor sl.rareVeed g;, uoeedl,o o.ro,r,e rr[, 'wc I + gOU yroudarrus,rzdeaodu d.nr,rdzm xz rc,razty -nenroxad'ql,zerte an deYegnurr^zrlou ranoldgrsgoJh n)cnuudou 4oHunquo anHohawog * 'ur :g'I :0I :g'I :g'I :0T !g'1 ll.r, !g'g iz'g izg !I !?g :g lZ-T i7-1 izt :rreur.or ou ,rr[oxodu uord g LtJ.crr 4an[ee raxuodxrss vtvrlaurlr arsndd'r,uoX,1 ' atreldarr H oHalrott uex 'gar4Hr4rfionseru q;ranzVaoc Z-T.g .tg rr]rho&
.tr,ronxorc u oro.raodu,f,O .Btr.rum exz(gey

86r

OBPABOTKA AETAJIEfr
LISAEJMfl,

IIACTb 3 OnpnsornA AnrAJrEft rrBAEJrHs


fIpoKJraAKa 9ro6rr c.qeJrarbrnaHb rrporrHee rartpfiAarb cra6ranr' orAeJrbHbre 4eraJru Hoerb Sopue roroBoro urcAeJruIg., fiBAeJruflrrpnuflTo yxpenJrflTb 6o.neennornofi TKaHbK). He crorar AyMarb, uro nogo6Hrrfi nneto4 craJr rrplrMeBpeMff. Panrnre (a n nerco' HffTbctrroJrbrcoB rrocJre.qnee ropbrx MeroAr{Kax pa6or (or nyrrop> - vr 4o cnx nop)
npolc JIaAHII IIpI4IIIEBaJI I/tCb BpytIHyIO MaJIeHbKII MI{ cre)KlcaMlr, KoTopbrMr{ ToJrbKo cJrerKa rrpoKaJrbrBaJrll ocHoBuyro rrcaHl,. O6remrrsre rKaHlI Trala ra$ru vt TrJrvtccvrpoBaHHbre TrcaHr,rTaKlKe rcJreeBbIMr4npoHJraAKaMZ He yrcpelJrffrorcff. ,{.nn rarczx rranefi npr4Mennrorcfl HenJreeBbre, npl{TaqvBaeMble [poKJra,4KLr. B xaqecrBe rrpnlrr4BHofi npox;ra4rcr,r AJrff flpoapatrubrx rrcanefi ra Kpy)rdeB Molnno ficfloJrbooBars ara6o ry ]r(e TKaHb, nra6o opranly vrrv rroJrb (nefiaoHonrrft) uo4xoAffr4eIO rIBeTa Ir XCeCTKOCTTT. rrcanefi nogofigyr MLrrKaJrb, ,{.na nenpoapaqrrbrx KIlIceg, $.rraHe.rrr, darucr, cleqvaJrbHbre [poKJraAotlHbIe TICaHIZI.

Cnegyer BHarb, lrro B BbrcoxoftarrecrBeHHbrx vrg4eJrnflx npaKTI,MeCftLI BCerAa IIcnoJIbByIOT HeRJIeeBbIe IIpErrrr{BHbre rrcaHbre nponJra,q$u. Ecnz Bbr }rcrroJrbayere raKyro [poRJrdARV, rroMHATe, trTo oHa Mo]rceT AaTb ycaiq]cy. floarowry ee HaAo npeABapfi TeJrbHo rrpoAexarrrpoBarb.

-dxtrerxodu
ordrrgumIadu sJ,esoefllforrcn orr<Irfolralr o,f, .q.Llrxc -or,r,rl u sJ,eduJc oJ,cBh .r,rao,rcuadll enrafera firfcg ' I{JEIfg rI Blfrra,t olrs.Lcl,Iaveoa Lfionsra,Lr,rnY ncs.Le.rdesYou womr{ouqrretr a .r:lt'Vdg errd -o,Iolr 'tgwttaYtla auclrJ B .orq,tcoHxdagou r{oue<rrfoxc r4 gon@esnad c gouex& er,rEnnatrev afrJrrm lrdu rsreudal. -BnI arqnr.oferrrodu arlsoorx <r,Lsoa<Ilfouclr rreqraH ' rsl,oged gonr'z(d r [a<r,go oJorrrra,LLthBHa .Lo cBs .r.orByu{ogosco u urrHesoeqrforrcr4 s rs.Lcodu quorro }IHo 'orlrJrrdxou aoxsrll aollsrrBu[Iauc anodo,rc 4rontro en .r,eucdaVocrsrer,rdeJew arrrrrroferruodu orraaarf !{ 'uJor.r,dutnor,tou ndu q.r,uarxudn o,r, . -codu oHlr{otri orddo.lon .strEerrrodrr rrcrlrsrorr 4oxVen -rrodu 4roner,rmudn c ri.Vrden o.rrr rtrto,ron ,scerrarr;argo oHlrrrorr,rhene nrare[g?I rauarrrradnz( erreVee ch4aC 'uulralera rrlrueuelr eVrns o.rou.rrduoan ilrrrltrec wal qJ)rcagew u rssm oprHHed.r.r{.rrs s,Lrsdxc J,r{roseou nxfenrrfou ar.rn -an awnd11' znregVennodu rar,rrrsuaramlrdu oxqror rlc,f, o{ -rruadxd. ors.Lcouxdauou gonSesrad c rrulrr arsdo,Lox -aH ra .r,exdeg olrctrr B 'fiilB]rficarg .ltnr.r,uH rry\rr4]rcoh -r{rrrreroy[ c HH]r;.' lloxferxodu nc;az{.d wr g[y or<rJcolr -rrorr grolrJarr eu Qnn xr<r,Lrfu xrsnlrden g trn)rr ' rrrarelefi dwdoQ s,LesodreurlrgJc orrtrrgocouc ' pr,rcouloru gautsedc qrHBuJl,oredrEgrsar,rntreruodu rrV eer'rftrc I^Io,L g 'cas oJa.r,r,rrrzresd o,Le.esa}Icd.dxen znr -nrnlrexuruu pr r4ruBrrracdg reaodzdonaY oHrrroJr4urou -otr mVfg rtqrrru $rar'dar,uudueg .rrca oH .Lru)rr gog
-soHco ahJalf I4 ahJItI/[

'(orr{narnmndu rarN orr{.aaarx) dntrerrrodn redzgrrg 'sreleV ztnVo xex Jorsrrrgedgo eeref u a,Lcows rolgsrs.Lanc dxferxodu u anexr rdoHsoHco er4 rarre.refi' 'nrre,raV anusoHco u o.Lh .ltB)rnod]rrqs a$t wo.L ou nc.r,uodn ex[enxodu nenardmudu nsaarxoH
rlruonycorc u olo,rcodu rO.rqrrrm uu{gey

q,Lrlg BIIX(rOu

BHO O,t]r .O,LI,IHnIOI

Z,Oz

O6pa6orrca Aerarefi r{ageJr[ff

203

Heo6xogzrvro rroMHr4Tb, rITo rrpoxJlaAoqHble Marepr{aJIbI, B CBOIOOqepeAb, AeJrgTCfl Ha TKaHbIe I{ HeTKaHbIe. K rxansru ornocl4Tcg repMorKaHb, K HerKaHbrM Q.nraae.nun. flpon.na4o\rHbre MareprraJrbr, Koropbre pacrfl tr(r4Mbr B KocoM HarrpaBJreHurur,Ho cra6n.nrnrr B AoJreBoM H rroneperlHoM, HaSbIBarcT mIcaHbLMu. flpor"na4orrHbre Marepr{aJrbr, Koropbre xopouo pac TJ{rfiBaIOTCg B nOneperIHOM, IIO IJTOXO - B AOJTeBOM HarrpaBJreHurr, HaabrBaK)T HerrlrcaHblMu. Pacrgxcrau B nofiepeqHoM HarrpaBilelrvrl/I fi IIpaft Tr4trecKr4 HepacTrl)rcr{M B AoJreBoM HanpaBJreur4}r KJreeBori rprrorax. On (popvry. Mflrryro, Ho cra6z.nsuyro Conepruenno Aaer He pacTffrfiBaeTcff Ht4 B IIolepeIIHoM, Hr{ B AoJTeBOM HarrpaBJreHr{v npoKJra4ovnrrfi MarepfiaJr c ilorrepeqHbrM ycrlJreulreM. On gnactzrreH B rtocoM HanpaBJIeunz. Tarofi uarepr,ra.n o6ecue.rfinaer ycrofiqr4Byro, Ho

ru6rcyrc Sopmy. B o4nowr ral4elrvrrzMolrcno rrcnoJrbaoBarb paaJu4rrubre Tlr[br rrpoxJraArn - ceftqac rax nrr6op AocrarorrHo mr{por. HanpraMep, 6onee roJrcryro - rra Hlr'fiHeM BoporHr{qRe 14 JrarlrcaHax, 6onee roHKyIo - Ha no4rra6xe I,IApyrr4x 9JreMeHTax MoAeJrR. flpoxna4orrHbre MareplraJrbr 6rrsaror paanofi nJrorrrocrkr, co cleqrraJrbubrM fiorcpbrrueM B Br{Ae pou6on lrJrr4 KBaAparoB AJr.fl raBroroBJreHrrff creraurrx raa4ennfi. ICporvreroro, cyqecrByror KJreeBbreQnrlaenrnHoBbre JreHTbr paanofi urrpr{Hbr - AJr.ffyxpeureHrrfl cpeaoB ropJroBrrubr, npofturr, Hrr3a u:a4eJrvrfi., no.scos. Ecrr - AA8 npuKJrer{BaHr{flHr[34 TarcEce JreHTbr-nayTrrHn?l vgqeJrvrfl., alrrJrr{Karlvtft u r. A., - [peAcraBJrflrorqfie co6oia He qro r4Hoe,KaK clpeccosauurrfi xneft. Itarc npuueH&rnb rcneelAn nporcna}rcy Ha x.neenyro cropoHy rrpoxJraAorrHoro Marepnalra HaJrorr(r4Tb AeraJrr{ r{BuaHorruoft cropoxofi. B 6omurzn-

tfiHBuif, <Icelflzrarfrrzdu urcs )r orrrtoduen eutrBrHodu -'nend oeosdau ) olrmlqg aH nltcg .JOIIA BH WOW 'ederr eag r^Iour,rreeur$ Bclorrrlf -tt)rcH r/flrquqlfvc c or -uedxd ?ruelrr orrsoxuorx orrzHahrrrrltx x oprlr4rorC 'vgBHloroil wrlH}tratt )r rt rtclrrconl,o nralreVgar lolr -ad elg ',ror,r,.rt EH Itv{Irru{H ourlrt4c onrro&raoY 'tlaznag -xcerg.d. c q,rusr,rarxradu orruzVoxgoau u(ntrerxodu'dorr -as-vilfv ra.lcdam grrur 'rNnu)rr Ercou,Loru genVadc X4

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205

nonpo6yftre [pr4xJrer{Tb errle paa, yBeJrr{qr{B TeMrrepaTypy yrrora, ,4aBJreuve Ha Hero 14BpeMff o6pa6oucr. Vrror onaaaJrcff cJrurrrxoM ropflrrrrM, eeJru B peayJrbTaTe IIpI{KJIeIIBaHIUI.fi IIOffB?IJIIICb SaMeTHbIe 83,4yT14ff.

Vwrenrurprre reMrreparypy rr BpeMff o6pa6orxrn rracroJrbxo, -rro6rr npoKJraAKa oc raBaJracr r.rragxofi . flonpo6yfiTe rrpr,rxJrer{rbrrpoxJraAxy erqe pao, ecJrr{ MoprqrrHbr. VneHa rroBepxxocrrrr rran?r rro,flBrrJrr4cb JrutrbTe TeM[epaTypy HarpeBa rr AaBJreH]Ie Ha yTror'. Boslroxcuo, gro cJrr{rrrKoM ToJrcraff flporJra,4xa Ars. TorAa ee HaAo BaMeHlrrb. 4aHHoft Trr,ana.vr, Ec.nz o6paaona.rrcffBaMerrrrfi c;re4 or cpeaa rpor{, To rrponJragounarft Marepr4aJrcJrr{IrrxoM ToJrcr KJTaAK AJrffAaHHofi rxanv. fIoAnne.ururcn flogn.nevurrxrr craJrrd fionyJrflpHbr B 40-e rogsr XX sera r c rex rrop He Bbrxo,4sr r{B MoAbr. ?Iaroros[rb rroArureqHrar Mo]KHo caMocrogreJrbuo. Crepxy oH BbrloJrHeH I{B TKaHr{, BHyrpr4, KaK lrpaBrrBaTr{Ha. Jro, lr3 nopoJroHar{Jrr4 (nanpzlrep, [oArrJreqHLrxon O.reur )fi ecrxue Mo,qeJrr,r naJrbro) moxcro,4o[oJrHr4TeJr bHo yK pen rarr S.nuaeAJr,fi rrnoeoft nporc;ra4xofi . P ac rcpo[t. u u aeonln alreHue Haueprrrb AeraJrrr I u 2 (o4na vyrr 6onsrue (prc. 80) B HarypaJrbuyro BeJrrdrrr,ruy ro cxeMe 4pyrofi) (1 xna4par - 2x 2 cvr). flo rarx4ofi auxpofiKe c,4eJrarbrro ABe ,qeraJrn r4g nporJra.qrur firrvt Serpa. flpegnourerreJren xpofi uo rocofi. .{na exnaAbrrrra Bbrnpor,rrb AeraJrrr nB Barurna vJrvr nopoJroHa. ,{na npz4aunff 6d;rrruero o6reua Morrcuo BbrKpot4Tb rrecrcoJrbxo 4era.rreft-BrcJra,qbrrxefi , uplr-

-e rrrrcg 'rrrrEodu som e rNc g.I err nreudl,crqs lruo rrgorh ')rr orflraYerr n tr]rr4Hrrarfufou s.roroxutdll rrJrnHhatu gou anHaHn gaoandy '(gg 'czd) fiorc ocs irresrsrBrr -odu u (uude afrae a) rrerHnorcoc r,ro.r.An,rocrtrorr s oJo sretrcdeV,r,ad.trarc'ur,rHnorulou urelaV ruaum3 'qrrcxsoc oHhor rsuucro[ gere.laY redx arsw -rd11 'lrxVerrrrodu ez sre.La[ orrtrusaaru sl,oronrad11
I8'cr4d

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08'cr4d

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902

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207

Puc.82 KpyrJreHHbre cropoEbr [o,4fiJreqHrrrca He cr{MMerprlgrrbr, To 6o.neeAJrr{HHyrocropony o6paqarot rc crrr4nre. flosre fiptrMepxr,r fioArrJrerlur{Kr{ nprrulrBapr BpfrruBa cJra6brM]rcrerrcxaMrit. Hyro rfipuflycxaM rrJrerreBoro He na4o rrponycrarb Hl(Tb rlepea Bce cJrorr rroArrJrequrrero rconqbr K rrplrrycxy rrrBa npoftlrrr rca. flpurpelrrrb c.na6rrun cre)rcnaMrr(puc. 83).

Puc.83

'ptHBx,L Orr 4roI\IBC -hoJ,rcotr noferuc BrrHarrlfourss rtrf oJ .rruHorgocou -cudu v rsrHerNd.dlcnn orqH<rrfarl,rnronoV rslrzvoxgoen urrsumrqs rrrtr rrrrcg 'rstrx{aVo nranarr,rdoQo trraa 4vr -sad[ fi krrrguoned.r,codnced aarograen - zxVerx3 uilI/sruc 'trxctrlru enodo.rc fiosoIrnr en ur(lcrss lrnrHlorll -Ee qrsoeedgo dwa wlroseor aH rr oJaHlrcvn adzm,r,al 'rrorc eeV s rrcrouJoc uranlexo[ou -dg gorc 4rranxdag ' rftrodo.r, c or^salrlrr en,r,.rt ndas rsel,atritg sex/td etr.1o3,1
18'crad

'(pg 'czd) uoxr'od,rc oc woVrd dl,exo x ulrnr,exoV -orr sJerawzdll'exran,r,euo[ou r,roeadcoc eae$dd B.LB]ro rsaadc s.lr4Hr4Veoc rr .tBlro uolrrror gamcrrs c dnw[adac oJa qrrrHrrVaoc 'dseu.r(d n xurr,renoyou s.r,zrrorzd11 'raranerS - gl4}rJarrr,rrrcfl .H krrrr{ u}rrro;od grox,rrlr s}r -rurrBg I4Ifr4 HoIIOLH.II'.C EUr,rOreeadrss xran,r,eno[ou o,r,,Ktstt -nanualrt xerrVrau fir[ roHB]I{ r4rrcg .nic g7 nonutry ,wc V nonr,rdrzm errerado,rer,rr xrcorf orr ol - xlrnlenoyoll 'exex{[fiu vrr{ Bra}rutr anodol,c Eroaalr -rirr eH soucduzdu aoeadc avrneudlcodu .r,aerrorrxlvr vr eaexdd Brelro drudoS,raesrucda7Vou xnn,runo[o11

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Ar,ronrrcorc n o.ror,codu rO.rrrr,f,um eufgey

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Cx.na4xn 6rrnaror oAuocropoHHr{e, BcrpeqHbre u 6anronrre. Onra ivroryr 6rrrr MffrnprMrir,Bayrro'fi eHHbrMI{ cBepxy AOHLBy v nJIvIcCvIpoBaHHbIMIit.

Jlunul,z cKJraAKtr nepeBoAflTcJrc Bbrnporixr,r ra r,rguaHorrHyrocTopoHy TKaHI4. rlro6rr rurnvrla6:stnrz BrrAHbrHa JrzrleBofi cropone rxaHr{, HaAO npoJIO}I(r4Tb nO HI{M paSMeTOqHbIe CTe}rCft}I.

O0 n ocmopotr,r+uecrcna0rcu(pnc. 85) - nan6o.nee OAnocropouHrre cKJraAKlr Jrerrcr{e AJItr


BbrnoJrHeHras. Ha pracyHfie Bbr Br4AfiTe p,fiA cKJraAoK, Melr(Ay TeM qacTo B vrcAelrrrrt BbIfioJrHseTcff o.4Ha-e,qlrHcTBeHHaff CKnaAHa. Kax npanuJro, oArrHorrHyro cKJraAKy BaftJraAbrBaror BMecro paapeoa rlJrlr rrrJrlrqbr AJrfl o6ecne.reHras cno6oAbr ABlrrrrenr,ra. Cx.rra4rcaMrr o$opu.naercJr KaK rrpsMoe rr8AeJrr{e, TaK rr rrg/qeJrraeHa KoKerRe. rlarqe Bcero cftJraAxaMz oSopulrror ro6rn.

=)i

Puc.85

'nodo;,c xuago c s,Laxcorr.ltxut umIca 'nc,re)$deEodu o.rnoY H rrwt4)rrcarr il.Vltg raxferx3 ' ztgz.lc dr,{ennedl,.d ns n a.rd'You unrrod,rc ]rlrco,rc olan[ercou .r,onedauou oo s.rur.odlcodu'gcercesrsdeuced ag BnVernc lilgo,th 's,Lzuadxeg sm rsfino3,1 'rnsodrt oJor iaeJIfou -Yadn oV exdae ro qrhe,Lc 'nonod.lcee qrrrg enncroV oo qrrceh utlrco 'u f.suHotr .d.xdaac.{.nYernc srrrawC 'rduYr}Ic \4avrlJvtllc gr,rJcrtBItr -arusoc 'gd-r.rtns Bonodo,rc {roaatrnr qHBHr q.rrax{orC 'ax)&orr^ goVxcex radu or,rratroxgoan fixferuc ir.LsrrrorlrBg or '(nrodoa,rced r,{rsusrreralrauc rtrrel,ogedgo urrrrg aH rr]r -furxc 'a ',r,)euraVen aonnesodrcclrru en ncl,uucor,r,d r4rrag 'rquodol,c grouhouHer c ,r,oresrirrowcxr4 '(efraa on.r,edrtnrre rsgorh o.rogorr) llxVerxc s.Lur'Ror,Ldee 'uyferlrc rsnrag,{r^r xnr[aJrfoutradu lrdl, godx s qru]$orree onno.r,elcol - ol,codu oughrsseadr' Lrrfferxc oru{.ner, s,ruod,r,co11
98'3rrd

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Ec.na Jrvrlavrv cxJra,qnr{ rrapaJrJreJrbubr, Mo}rcuo o6oft rficr 6eg cMerbrBaururrr. B raroru cryrrae 4eficrnonarr neo6xo4?rMo rax: TKaub yJrolnr{TbHa noAcrltJrny AJrffrJrarrceHbff araqenoft croponoft BBepx, cxJra,qny aaJrolxrrb B HarrpaBJrenurvt crpeJrxr4, crz6 caepxy tr cHrray rrprrroJrorb rc Jrr{Hr{rI cfiJraArcr{ u sayTloEcrTb qepeS TKaHb. Bcrnpewntce crcnalru (prc. 86) IO6xa co BcrpeqnbrMrr crcJra,qraMn- caMaff norryJrflpHafl MoAeJrb 4;ra ynv$opMlr. Taxas rc6rca Jrerxo cnpbrBaer Bce He.qocrarxz $nryprr, Sopuzpyff lrAeaJrrHrrfi cLtJrygr<necoqHbresacbrr. Bcrpevrtrr Mv HaabrBarcTcJr cKJrarq:r,u, crltt6st Kor opbr x Ha[paBJreubr HaBcrperry Apyr Apyry. Bcrpevnrre cftJra,4x[la 6rrsaror crarlrrLre tr coe!'vrnz;reJrbgbre. Paalferxa ecrpevnoft cKJraAKrlrroxaBaua Ha pr{c. 87, r4e h - urrapr4Ha, nnu rty6una, cxJra,qxrz, KB - KoHTponrHrrfi BIraK. ,{ono.nHzrearnrrfi fipr{rrycx rrprapacnpoe Ha o,4uy Bcrperruyro cnJra,qxy panen 4h.

Pnc.87 B c mp ew+atec mavrLble c rc.na) rcu Paaftretutt pacrroJloJrceHrre cKJra,qKr.I Ha uBHaHolInofi cropone. Cwrerarr crcJraAxy uo scefi AJrr,rserro JItrHrr[ crarrr{BAHIIfl.

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88'cr4d

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7,TZ

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2r3

h + I (1,5)

Pnc. 90

Pnc.91B qerax gxoHoMrrr{ AonoJrnrrreJrbuyro noaocrcy 6epyr paBnofi eerr.rlrHe Hecratranuoro yqacrra [Jrroc L,5-2 cnn.Bepxnnfi cpes o6rvrerursarorr,r[pr4TaqrrBaror K rrprrycraM ruBa (pzc. 91).

'r4)rrrflrc gaH -nad.r.ztns groaelr c a.lgHr{hen war'udu 'raueur rsHodoJ,c -r4r c orlrx{olre Euurx o.ranYadcoJau}rcrrH unVern3 'Hflrr)r 4r,rrVadc {tr,ru}Ic}rn v. Lrxgor nnc^fuprdu ar{H}r{LrH a.r,EramVo11 'eraH.{ngz.rVoulr rssm un nnrexc.duudu c eur.rnerold.or,rndu aVfis g rclzodn 'qrela[ rrrrnlg 'l,tu 'Hr4rflr -Yeruc aoneedgoeoac onY 4rran[tadcfir{H}r{r4H 'ran[ernc rsHzgdr.r r{our4soro[ c .fi O.t S nc,r,ee aJCAINS eertz{.rrc szed }Irrs r4 }rgOIsrer,a ['

' q'LItHrOUrSg xlf HBIII XIltlIJaIf BH OILIIIHi{.d,r,CnOX orrtngolou amrtdr 'IfBHfiorcoJonlt ex[er]rc o,L]r 'rAIa,L c rI8ItaC A 'LIHB]IJ, saorC xu]IqIfO]ICAH 8LI JLIOJ,COC ]I]I }tB,L 'agm a BcraltHrfo[rrs en6 'rrx[etrtrc nonr.adl,cg grrirrrc l,neudea grsulna$S enVernc Bre

(76'cnd)

Dtrgouttc uoHdaag

' d.ntrernc s.r, zncor.lltzd11 'edlnelr Jo rlrc T-L'O raranno.rcced rsHsra rredeu nwztgY zrz .r{d,r, BH rryrr)rhodl,cEr,rr nah ou r4lrr)r)r{oJc zrrursneedgool,cedx.{.nYernc qJelor red 'som qrBrar^rgo g'T-I gronnd rruc -um wosm enur[ gocs ou r,rxferrc rseedc qrherC ')rHe o,ronsrodJnon oV drr[urnc qrherC ' lrweHodorc r,rrrurssalrurnr -e,raVresrsVuruzt 'anrarV r4ocaorr l(x[erxc qfirar^r3 'rlrc (g'I) I corrr (qg) uxYenrc enudum grongod,r,- urel,aY 4o.rddY eu u 'r,rrc(g'1) gontro nasud lrrel,aV 4on I corrrrr(q) vrrVeruc enrag.rtr,r -Vo en rrol,e radu dnVerxc en rra.Auradu grrHqroJr4Hro[ -o[' 'auodoJc goHhoHeHe]r H utxVerxc <IJ,r4rarred nHcolf ou 1-1o Ilct alanHt ou 0I I aI nxqDltitc alqltqlralanHngaoJ ateunadutcg
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2t5

Puc.92 Cr;ragxu Bayrrorxbre. TITos, B KoropoM BbrrroJrnflercffcftJraAxa, gacrpoqllTe Ao ee HarraJra, a r.ny6ranrr crcJraArcrpaayrrolrcbre. Bepxnuft cpea BcraBHoro Hr.rtrcnero KJruHao6uerafire. Ilaxoxrrre Hlrinnnit x:nuw"na rnydvny crcJraArr{ rra ro6ne, orreub roquo coBMerrlaffrroAorHyrbre Hpaff. flpraravaft re. flpuyrrolrcbre. rlro6u Beepnas cKJra,4Ka He pacnapbrBaJracb,BHyrpeHn?re qacrrr npraravaftre K Hrrlr{HeMy KJrr,rHy rroJryKpyrJrbrMr4 cTpoq KaMr,r. tlro6rr nprarrycxr4 rrrBa y rr[trcuero ftpafl He 6sutrz BrrAHbr, MoncHo SarHyTb rrx fi rrpfiruraT6 Bpyqsyio. flpunycrra rusod coeAr{Hr{Te. Cpearr o6pa6or'aftre yrro6rrivrno.qxoAffrrlum cnoco6oru. Bantrnoewe crcn&Arcu(pnc. 93) EaHrosrrlrn HagbrBarorcff crJra.qKu, crla1ut Koropbrx Ha[paBJrerrbrB paSHbrecTopoHbr. Banrosrre cKJraAKr{ 6tr.ru .nro6zurru yKparrenrneM o,qe)rcAbr s 40-50-e ro4u XX BeKa. Korcer.nraerriirl o,q-

t6'cr'rd

(s'r)r'+ 98- II (9'r)r+q-r '4oaefizrr H B 'anodo.rc gorrhorrHefi BH arl '4ralrl/Ineedsmzr r4or c 'v6'cud rfcroBl{Iroulqts BHo o.r,rr BH Brrars?,rcVadu redo,r,ox ')roVr$c xrsHr'adrca alt -,rerreud HoYruc xnrsoJHug )rlawsd HhtrJorreu 'agsVox r,rdu noVerxc edlu 4oazr,Loxolr ladulcgocorrc orh 'lrHxl H el -oac 4arr.,{.rar4HarfNorfeduaonr'urreed sreveoc rol'ross -orr Jcor/[ xrsrxAurss oaHav[ u oavog azneaoVedali ' aodangeefi[ xrsnuarNadaoc xrrzfixerrrou s rar,rnrsHdnrdrrou oHHawgrlogxrl .r,eerats noYerruc xr,qaorgEo Vr,rs flrgsuhertseHag orrrral{adgoH
86'clrd

r\l/./

- - - - - \ . \-\l/ t ) 4 / ."-

,truon*cora lr ololcodu

rO'rs.f,rlm

eudgey

9TZ

O6pa6orna 4eratei,rra4eJrr{fl

2L7

flponepurb AeraJrr{Kpos. Paonnerzrs pacrroJroxcetlre cKJraARprHa .nr,rqenofi cTopoHe. I Cueratr no sceft AJIr,rHe no Jrur:c.vrr4 cratlrrBallr.Ig. Craqarr cKJraAKy.qor(ouTpoJrbuoro BHaKa. Paalrerarr crcJrarqxyxpecroo6paoHbrMrl cre)rcKaMr!
IIo qeHTpy I,IJII/[AByMff IIapaJIJIeJIbHbIMI4 CTpOTIKaMI,IHa paccroffHr4vtO,T-I cM or rIeHTpa. flpzyrrorxum. Saxpenzrl cKJra,4Ky c .nraqenofi cropoubr AByMff orAeJrorrHbrMr4cTporrKaMr4 Ao ypoBr{s KoHTpoJrbHoro BHaxa. TTTspsHa or,qerorrnoft crpouxn err6zpaercff B coorBETCTBI{ I{ C MOAEJIbIO.

Omienrca crcnalox,
qacrrlrrgo Ecnra fipeArroJrafaercs Bacrpoqenuafl clcJIaAKa, To IIIOB BbrIrIe CKJraAKpl MOrrtHO OTCTpOrItZTb n rpafi trepes Bce cJror,rrxanv r4Jrr4rrpoJrolrcr4Tb or,{Jrotrr rryro crpoqrcy. Or4e"rroqHax crpoqra trpor{JraAbrBaerc.rr rlepe3 Bce cJror{ c orcTynoM oT rrrB&, c rroBopoToM K IIIBy Ha ypoBHe Haqajra cr{JraIK}r. Tpra no.neaHbrx coBera: 1) 4"na paoMerxr4 nvunft cru6a !r coBMerqeurrfl )fieJIaTeJIbHOLC[IOJIbSOBaTbHr{TKI4 pASIIOTOIIBeTa, TOFAa Bbr He lepefiyTaeTe aTra JruH'uvt; 2) uro6u Ha Jrr4qeBofi cropoHe rao,qeJrr.rff nog crn6aMrr cxJraAox ne o6paaoBaJrlrcb Hercpacr4Bbre Bbrcry[br, MolrcHo [oArJraAbrBarb rrepeA yrroxxofi no4 crra6 cHJraAKr,r[oJrocxr,r nnorHofi 6yrvraru; 3) npu urrarbe ro6rcraB cr{JraAxy no4rn6ry Hr4}fiHeno cpesa noJroTHt4IrI [pol4SBOArrT rqo HaqaJra paSMeTKr,t crcJraAoK. Ec.rrra ?rce BaxJraAbrBaercff oAHa rrJrr{ HecroJrbno cr(JraAox, nr,ra ro6xa no4rr,r6aror u rro.urur4Baror rrocJre SayTro*cr,r B alIur fr, cK JraAorc.

' dxr'elgo t'r,e.lamvdg'sdldus uw .enodo.r,c Nr,{rqaalrlr ruelrraVeu c d.nr'e.r,goqrra$corC 'sadc s,Le,Law s.r'r'rtedu6 godufou orr{n r{.nr'e.r,go 4toxYenxodu 96' 'aonolcaQ rtddlnon ou oHhor d.xr'e'r,go s,r,nodnrsg natDworucaQ naneoudoe ottutogodgo (96'cud) 'nurare}I qlffiJc rI oH 're^If[c o]rqrfo.r, oH rr.Locuse rax{oru rqnusordo.r unl,ogedgo etrua .r,6 'rcraesrqrgudgo ou<rrarsergo rlutrsordol eadrsg nxilcorcsa u rrHusordor eurogsdgo

's.rcoHucddlro 4togocranrserc -Vadn godo.r,on godn 'Hgor - malrt-ahutoe oJrgOI ' d.ellnx rcrulnorndumced BlrJarrc 'exgor - (anhaundu l,vu) outefrtne'yorrgoI 'nredVag orr rennesodun 'sm eog ]r9oI IteEH[rV - euodo2 -udfue onf[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[ 'r.nr[xcatro Blo]rcua)rcnrru gouc]rc.(w l,nort -arf x)r ,f.Eow s ,Lzvoxs uner,{ads ,r,owtadg 'xB}rxcorc -e H woxerreg c 'rreHHesodraccrru 'z{.xlaru g ')r9or nexcuc.d.w rHqrruHorrireu ltu$ctrHIrrom - utnJl 'EHarro)roV HIIrV - oHntg EDxoHBqtDlan 'z{ennn rrennamernced 'le.dlfuc o.tonrndu ogrrr r{rceh gau -Excr{H s ur reusercs nlursneedgoour{rru c }rgor - agoJ 'dxnr,reed prru z{ncrndn en,f.roVou ou rennedgoc 'engor - HolrlrDg 'rArc an gZ oV.r,lrVoxoY H Brrorr ' ln rtrrudarre g Elrgol BHmriI LI rtelrcahll ccuIrJf r{}rroro n ra otr exnn[ (enzdareg-ex9ot) - nHnlre BoHutarng
')IO9OI XIIIJ. AU AI.IJOH!\I

rJ,nr,tdoSo oH)r{ow ur,rregferxC 'rsHarv xur Jo ?r,tcorlkrc -ugBe g 3rt[rra8Ir alqu]rrullfeedarswec roroniu []r9OI oungfide-ozouutdou fiutrnuoa g y' .frronrrcorc n oro.r.codurO 'rq&rrm eufgey

8rz

O6pa6orrca 4eraueft rraAeJrrrfi

2tg

Puc.95 Coe4rnnrb rrrBoM rur,rpranofi 0,5 cvr no Secronavr, co6.nrogaR Toquocrb rrpurrycxa. Ha4cevr yrJrbr, He Aoxo,4ff0,1 cu Ao [rBa. Ornepnyrr o6ravxy Ha fiBHaHorrHyro cropony rraAeJrutfi.. Trqare.nrno BbrnpaBvrb KalrcAbrfiSecron. Brrvrerarr (B HaHTDxarx4srfi @ecron. flpuyrroncnrr. Orcrpoqnrb, ToqHo BbrBoAJr xaxArrfi yroJr. Hawrerny yAaJrrarb. O6pa6omrca zopnonutr,w

npu norroutu omaopoma (pwc.96)


Brrrcpozrr o6rauxy HylKHo rorrHo no $opue ropJroBlrHbr n npo4y6.nr4poBarbnro6rru [oAxoAffrrlr4M Marepr,raJroM. O6wrerarr orxprrrsrft cpea. Cnomrarr o6ra.rxV c ras' croponaMa BHyrpb. flpurconorr, AeJrr{eMJrprqeBbrMrr
SaTeM npIIMeTaTb.

'rsur,rgordo.r oredx a.r,urrorod11 li.vuanxdea on dnr'od.r,c ordlnoddzcxz$ 'rqurnsordo.r preYad orr ar,ndoQ olrhoJ - rut]rur4rrc -au rateroY eaV t'rnodxrsg I4]rh.tgo nnfl onsraVlo 'arrdo@ qrogorrr n wunarrvdu gocouc grolru.L ott 'nrorrd [ou gonneodnrsg 'rqHug -ordo.r z{xl,oged go rruv dl,or,,rccedongodtrofi riIW oxcraH 'ordHredfegr 'or.rtnsro.rdadl'nroxuctqw'otr(rlztdn - mrudoS gogorr ,tnrasordo.r oulr{on rsuodoJc goaelrur c q,Lsh,tg6 ( 26'cud) mHodoutc TLosahna c

(soxnoun")::#T;::ffi:r1"W3

'tqlodoalo s,ruuadnee'sl,vxcorldud11 'gedn relt s srrar'odrcro'rIcI(0 unl,uxadau -czturss'.dnodo;,c orf salrfi r en rs,Lodoa'r,o s.rdndaarsg 'xer.rd s zucztuzdu sr'acVe11 rlafiraYeu c dur'e.r,gosrBhBrC 96'crrd

.{rrosnconc u olorcodu

rO'r.r.f,um eufgey

ozz

O6pa6orrca4era.refi lrogennrr

22it

pla.c.97 Vxpeurrr flpo$JraAxofi fianauo.ruyro cropoHy Aeraar,r o6ra.mra. flprnravarr o6ra.rxy ropJroBrrHbr nepeAa x o6ta.rxe ropJroBr4ubrcltruIHrcut tto rrJrerreBblM rxBaM. Hramnnft rpafi o6raqxz rroABepuyrb, fipr4roJrorb rr IIpr{yTrotKrITb. C.noxcurr o6ravxy c r{BAeJrr4eu .nnqerofi croponofi o6raqrn K fiaHaHKe vrl4eilras..Crconorr o6rauxy c ropronnuoft, coBMecrllB cepeAlrubr neperqa I{ crrktnxrr, a
TA$}ICE NO IJIEIICBbIM IIIBAM.

Crauarr, HaAcerrbnpr{nycnu. Ornepnytr o6rauxy Ha JrlrrleByro cropouy, Bbrrryefiaff fleperar Ha 0,1 cu. flpr,rno.norb, npr4yrroxcrrrb. flpr,ruerarb r{ rrprrrarrarb. Orcrpovzrr n xpafi. 06 pa6omva p &ap ea& ?op no tutrnc 0 erco p &rnua,r,oti,+a,cmp ovruoti n narLn ori (puc. 98) Brrnporarr nJraHKy no QopwreropJroBt4ubr.fllanxa Morr(er 6srrr KonTpacruoro qBera, .rro6ofi rurapr,rHbr. flpranycrc Ha rrrBbrurrnprauoft0,5-0,7 cu.

eadc s.r,e.r.ent99 '.,teedeed orr v[c g'g gronrdvtm iliosm s.ler'el,zd11


'sd.Lr{.He firN

qrff$corC -suodo.Lc c ztnr'e.r,go nrrrsealrzr l,tlolrlrotrer 't4xcorforr uroHHalrc -or.r,rtee eeadeud annr[ o11 alue s dnr'e.r,go<I,rrrsoro.re (66'cnd) at olaworr lc.Hnoot do? Dea deod oxutogo dgo 'Hol, s golr.f,rru rruc gonradum d.xr'odl,c ar4Ir Z'0-I'0 ')rurulr -oyC 'dV n ,txdogo 'oaauc^d.dx 4lrsnne,rar,tudu rr qruxcorreu oulrcow r{}rurfrr eedc 4rs,lu(HJoYoII 'qrhlzd11 ' ^d.nodol,a orlt gahlrr en ztxneru sl/ldeal,g rrara[en 'rsr.rd sr'actre11 'wc g'0 gronr,rdzm wosm srel'B,Lndu a r.r,e,raltnd11 ' wrreJ,aY 4oHsoHco goxr -HeHgriIc rrlrHIfrr rtrrodo.r,corr(galrur <Irr{}(orc 'zxc.d.Il -rdu rddprrgd.V en'goxYerxodu z(nneru suruadx4 86'cr{d

It' ll It lr It It ll ll ll l l

rfuronncoron o.ro,roodu rO'B.rrnm exrtgey

zzz

O6pa6orrca 4era;refi rlaAeJrrs

223

Pnc.99 O6paaonarurr,rfics crra6 o6ra.rftpr Banpenr{Tb crporrnofi raanyrpv errla rro Jrr{rleBofi cropone. flo npaaofi cropoHe.rrvr$a MolKHo Bbrlrycrt4Tb KaHT raa o6ra.rnr, vro6tr noryqrrTb nJraHKy gacrexcxn. Dra cropoua Haxpoer JreByroo6ra.rrcy. O6pa6omre& ?opno6utr,w a&ctrr,eilcrcu0o eepxa o6maq.Ka.aau (puc. lOO) flpo;roncraru $r,rrccupynulyro crpotrxy rro BepxueMy KpaIo ropJroBHHbr. VHpenrarr fpoxJraArcofi raanano.r Hyro eropony Aeranefi o6raqxpr ropJroBr{Hbrnepe,qar.rropJroB}rnbr crrrrrrrcrir. flprarauarr o6rauxy ropJroBnnbr repeAa x o6ra.rxe
IOpJTOBI/IHbI CIITIHKU nO [JIerIeBbIM rrrBaM.

,{era.nv o6ra.rcr,r 6opron cJrotrcr{TbJrnqeBbrMrr cropoHaME c t4BAeJrr,reM " flprarauarr. Oraepnyr r Ha JrlrrleByro cropony, rrprryrroxcrrrb. Or crn6a 6opra no r4aHarro.uroficropoHe coeArrurrrb nopJroBnuy c o6ra.rxofi .

'nuneru gedx

(I{}rHIru olanned,r,ltus oV BYoxof oH rlc 8'0-Z'0 H 4Onr'od.r,cen z{.nnenevr BH r{.xvernod[ iIrrar^IBH ' rrJ,uH 4osaror orrHorf re,reV s'r,udeaod11 :Bodx ur -geduuu'ztnradnm'd'nnr[
.IIEHIfI,I <ITIfOtrS

s.rnVoxodu euu{roV ilrr4H rrsarofi' 'wc 9'T-V'T corru afias rruosoroJ s anrzdzm unsed euradrrm 'e,ldog oramvY enged rrlrnIfrr enrrfi' 'fi)rrrrfrr Hre.r.a[ 6 s'l,ttodursg ( 161'cnd) nw nxunlru nilt m',rhodurrnv oenH og nerilcautJoe oilutogodgo ' lrrf .Lou q.LusoroJe n n neraxc rad11 ' oredn d.ntacsou s.r.nr'od.r,c,r6 'ztrrod -b.r,corr{sanrr H sldndaarsg's}'actren
00I'ilrd

rancrtrrr'rd11

p
I I

b
!
:

t a l

tr;r\-z \..

r_ w-

frronlrorc

n orol,codu rO 'rrtrrum eufgey

vzz

O6pa6orrca geranefi rrsAenrrfl

225

Puc. 101 Halrerr,rrs nrnnvrnno4rra6a HraaaHa nrqenoft cropoHE IrIOTJIOqKII{ UI HA I4SHAHKE IIJIAIIKI'I.

Bauerarr BuyrpeHurrfi cpee rrJraHru Ha paccroffHr l{ 0,3-0,4 cM or crn6a. flprayrronczrb BHyrpennrafi rcpaft rrJranrrur. O6naeram cpea HuBa noJroqxu. flpnuerarb EJranrcyararlerofi croponofi x nrzqenoft cropoue rroJrorlKu, coBMerrlaff Jrurrrurn no4rrr6a llraaa ut pacloJraraJr AeTaJrLr B paSHbrecTopoHbr. flpzrauarb [Jraurcy K noJroqre no JrurHvru no4rv6a
HI{34.

Hawrerarr nJraHKy Ha narraurcy [ororrnr,r, ypaBrrt4Bas cpea 6opra r4 Hapylr(Hrrfi cpea rrJraHxtr, rrrBoM runpznofi 0,4-0,6 cnn. O6ra.rars ycryr (nepxnr,rft yrol6opra) r cpea 6opra rrrBoMur*rpranofi0,5-0,7 cu. Bsrceqr [porcJraAny rra rrrBa Ao 0,1 cM rr rroApeaarb rrrBbrB yroJrxax 4o 0,2 cnr. Brrnepnyrb nJraHKyHa Jrr{qeByrocropoHy rroJrorrr}I,
BbrnpaBllTb IlroB I4 BbrMeTaTb co cTopoHbr I4SHaHKH no-

Jrorrxlr Ha paccrosnzu 0,3-0r5 cu or Kpafl, Bbrrrycrcafl r4Burauxr4 KaHT rrrupnnoiz 0,1-0,2 cu. Hannerarr Ha fioJrorrxy BryrpeHnufi rpafi rrJraxftr4 Ha paccrosnran 0,1 cM or ruBa HacrpaqlrBaHrirrr.
8 A, corHqero

uol'crrd

'rltrfrarr arqHqrr.LHoendo,r gJrulgo'loJ8lrlrlr{a'Lc -g o)ruelrrr gaulrclrn BH 'rrlrxcal,cee nrY sluuedu^d' u srB.LaI orornxu11 rueeadc luux,r,odon orr qrraxcor.r,r(ee 'rsHlrrV gonxdn fi )rx{alcug nrtr slr.r,aVoIoIH}r{r{Hsl,uodxrsg (691 'crad) gocouc ttlcedall

(Isgocouc 4zledl u 4rodo'la) r,{rsgeoduonsralr r4 }rB,L'(goaouc glsadau) r,ruoIol,erlt qJrlg 4arre,r,aVxrsHslra[lo xztsV 8I{ }re}r HaHrorrlqs roxconi 'elrraso;ztu rnnxdas BHtro o$srol, en[us fifis -o,rdu etrnd az Hlodorolr ndu ')txcolcee ren.leud3

u frc nxuogn dgo nxilcaunne trLo'Hutn

' ^[nneru s.r,urxor'ldrad11 'I/IrovoilI orr Bsm gonndram ztnr'orou en .r{.rrHerus,r,rrrodJ,ce11 ' drnre ru slu rror'lf.nd11
frronncorc n ololcodu rO'rrqrrrm uufguy

gZG

O6pa6orrca gerauefi r{BAeJrilfl

227

Ha nzqeeyro cropoHy npaBoro 6opra HaJrolrrrrb Ht4rrtHroro flJraufty Bacre]fiKpr. flprzra-rarr. Orsepnyrs Ha rurBHaHKy, BbrnycKaffnepeKar na 0,Lcnnco cTopoHbr
HSHAHKIIt.

Ilprarauarb rro BceM cpeaaM. C4e.narr roprzaouTaJrbHbre SaKpe[ftr4 Me]rcAyneTJrffMrz. Cpea o6qefi cyuarnofi Bacrelrcxlr (4nzuHnrfi cpea) orBepuyrb no crra6y B cropouy r4BHaHKrr. Bopr c rorosofi norafi norZ aacrexcxofi orcrporrr,rrb Ha ru r,rpr{HyrrJraHfi u. Jlesrrft 6opr uo4 [yroBr{qbr o6ra.rarr aro6rrm cuoco6ou. Bmopoit. cnocod (puc. 103) Ha npanofi [oJroBnHe rroJroqnrur fiocrpor.rrb npnfiycrc: crr,r6 6opra fiJrroc [rr4pr4Ha npr{fiycna n.nauxrn. Fopr yxpenrrrb, oOnnerarr cpeo rr BaJrolrcraTb B BHAeftHralrcerrnll rax, vto6rr nepxHrafi ycryn [pr4xpbrBaJr Mecro nereJrb. ff pzrco.uorr. flpuyrrolnt4Tb. Saroroezrb Beprr,rxaJrbHbIE NETJIII.

\.

Pzc. 103

70I'fird

'rjrolrgr4J . -trou 4onnaruadnrl goHhnlgo s.re,r,o9ed9orslrzgol^1tu [ou unr'orou sre,LeY orAaay 'arrYernc a rI9 xE]{ <IcIf -rar'drou Blrt{co,Lc8 rtHBIB.tOU'J,aOdnen xla }rHBIrL[ 'rrrf.[a[ arqnqrexlr,r,dag s,LzsoroJug axurfu BH 'gonud -um wc I orr Ll)rrcr'/t un ulr}Icarc8 ncduudu ,r,r,rraveed redol,on 'dnr'odlc s,tr4u{orodll uIuruullr4anVedc o11 'rrgr4Jc rrcnrBs -oeedgo rrgo.th ')lr ltHHBHer d.nodol,cs lttnl4Hur IAIrsIINa g'0 r4I,rtr -e.rerouVadu ou q,r,dn.ree ztxtrurn3 'som H r,rtc -xcarcee nrY r,ta g xcdnndu raowfi B]rrrolrorrreeedll (791'crad'1 gocouc qnuadl 'Irraao,rf.u nrV wo,ldo g wrrHuau{ol'r.r{ee c rcl,r,rod'r,c }rhorf orr nsal1 'euzglodos rrLIHBsfi r.el,ndu rrE rtnrzradec) uf.,lc6 sr.actrBH o}\Irl[oxgoan (Nxneru
flnonxorc u olol.codu rO'rqruru eul|gey 8ZZ

O6pa6orrca Aera;refi uaAeJrrrff

229

O6pa6omrca aopotnvurca nono (puc. 105) Ha nuqenofi cropone nNSa paaMerltrb paMxy rilrlpnnofi 4-6 cu u ttto6oit AJrrrHbI.Hvs paurcr,rneo6xo4nMo yxpenrrrb KJreeBofi ;renroft. Ha urupr{Hy paMKrI BTarIHbre fiJrroc 1 cu (.qng npr{TarrnBanna) aaytrcrrcraTb
IIJIaHKI4 SaCTe)ICKpl I{ HaJIO}ICIztTb Ha ilUIIiUIIO paMKI4.

PHc.105

Cpearr ypaBHffTb 4nn o6uencu. ,{o ropzsonraarroft [JraHKy paM]cr{ coeAr,rurrrb rrrBoM 1 cnnc Bamperrtrrvrnurra rcoft na rrJraHxax. Ha4peaarr yr.irbr paMxr4 c lrauaHorrnoft croponrr. OtBepHyrb flpaByrc rrJraHKyHa JreByro, BbrrrpaBfiTbBepTr4RAJIbHbIE TTTBbI, SAMCTATb UJIU SAKOJIOTb.

Orornyrr fipftuycrc Ha Bacre]rcrcy.Hue paMxra B yroJrr{e Baxpenrarr 4rofinofi o6parnoft crpouroft ropvaouTAJIbHO.

Cpearr o6wrerars. flpzyrroxntr.


ftAJIbHbIE IIETJIII.

C4enarb Beprrr-

9OI'cr4d

' r,tarara[ez n y[o]rrrHrodoa goxYernodu rtrsuueruedu.d. c e.rdogVofi u LrxYerxodn eog )ruurodoa sl,oron3 'ltrhrc 'q,L.lar IC ' aoldog[ou rsxlrsordol r,reedx c enrEnlod -os srrB&a[ orrtnnaruadxd. aH q.Lorfo]rC 4onfernodu 'en[erx[orr H oH r,e[,(g anre[en urce 'el,dogVou gedx grsnrar,ltrY sr,e,logedgo urTrur fiBsm wrqsahaffil orr r{}rHl/rllc rsHzgordoJ c e,rdogvou trJhrc Ero]rhBJgo 'sm ro rruc Z'0-I'0 en raucltuudu r,leead3 'xEJcar\Ixrsttucf.Ha zxrtactrBg neraV'q.Lrrrc'q.ll, -aftC 'nrrrroVev r,taudx c xplnl,odos urlHuclru rrJoro[C ' r{}rHr4 rrc enn Yadac ou }rrrHJodos oJaHx utl uve ;.afr <r,th,rC'vutreYew ra)rhorou ra enzn,r,odog oJaH)ffr,IHprr -el,eVego r<nodo&cgaHlrcraH c gonYernodu rlrauedn6 'rsHeuher en rVoxee aH 'Iqur4gor -do.r oredn ou Anr'od,r,c ord.Inoildzcnr$ s.r,rar{orod11

(991 'cud) DunHutod os ozoxlnnu zHn oxutognd gg

rlrronncorc n o.rolcodu rO 'rr.rrum enfgey

o8?,

O6pa6orrca 4eranefi fiB,qenufi

231

Cra.rarr B.4oJrb rcpaeBno46opron ra Jrarlnauor. Cpesaru


IIpuIIycKtI.

Ornepryrr nog6opra Buyrpb, BbrBepHyBBoporHHK Ha JrrarleByrc cropoHy. flprayrroxcrzrr. ffo4narr uo46opra. Cno6o4no crrrirrb Bpyrruyro IIpuIIycK?l rrrBoBropJroBr,rHbr. flo4ruzrr uorafinsru rrrBoM Boporuttrc 6ea nponnagKr,r [oBepx rrrBa rrpr,rTar[uBaHn8 BopoTHuKa c [poKnagxoft. O 6p a6omrca otn no tct+o ?o 60 potnvuv a

(pnc.1O7) Hanporcnaorce
Bopornnr r4BocHoBHoiavnv orAerorrHofi rrcann 2 geranu (repxnufi u rtutxttufr). AoJreeas Hr{rb npoxoAr{T [apaJrJreJrbHo JrraHrrfi, coeArlrHflroqeft KoHrIbr BOpOTHIIKa,UIIU [apaJIJIeJIbHOJII4HLIITI CepeAI,IHbI BOpoTHr{Ka. flpr,r arolr nepxnuft BoporuurK BbrnpaaBaror 6o.rrrrue HlrtrcHeroHa rrrupr,ruyKaHTa - 0,1-0,2 cM rro KoHrIaM r,r orJrery. flpor,ira4xa no @opue r paaMepaM 6rrrr paBHa Hr4)fiHeMyBopornrrny. AoJr)rcna Cra.rars qacrrd HrrlrcHeroBoporHHKa (ec.nra oH cocroutr utl HecroJrbKr4xuacreft) rrrBoMurlrpznofi 0,7-1 cu. Paayrro*curb ruBbr.

Puc. 107

-anxdes rqnodo.lc oc ruc gonr,rdzm wosm exriln ?'0-g'0 glr -,r,odos rrBH n d.xVe rxodr tl,el,erruud11 o )r o,ranxdaa 'rqam sllnxorl,dee4 'rNc T-Z'0 gonzdnm wosm (ga,rcer'xruilroucar au rvr -olcoc ll.Lch sIrBhBrC oJoHtr{plH no urca) exvnlodog 'prrlrH gosaroY aLrHorf -sedueu'dnzdnm' s'r,zdaaod11 fivralrY :nodx rztrel"eY .rNc g.I_g.I corrll r,,uelrnorru rt.r,ar.r,oorr B]rrrHrodog aHI4Ir[ ensed eYras wosoroJ s (eaarr,(dx) raxdogo euuvfi 'oserrddx eu endogg vrrur vrlaeltr gouhoraftl"o uttpt &toHsoHco '(granrrran ra 4vnxdaa)nvercY 7 - uH)rr 4onr'oraYJ,o urlv YroHsoHcoen nnn.rodog wosailcndx'Voxdogo c oxnHutodos oxutogDdgo 'rsHodo.rc goaalrur c - gaH)rJ xlrrsoxram ra xt rrrrcdam er4 xguttaVtn g 'rqsodolc groHhoHHelr c ulInnrraxcot.r-ztodu eedarr rrun.r,odos sl,lrrrorldzd11 'redn Jo wc g'0-g'0 Lruruno,lcced en s.re.L -ovrIFIsu Iqsm sruaedurss 'uklulodoa tlz{.ndaarsg 'egzn.r,odos oJaHx{uH rsgodo,Lc gosanur c rztrr'odl,c.Lo wc A'0-I'0 rrrrHltorcceden nun -,r,odosgrr4rrx{rau rr rtlrHsr4hurgo som qruhod,lcell 'ruc 6'g oV - xenro.rd s 'rruc 1'g otr eem en dnVerxodu shacrsg ' raxfarxodrr urfir exrrnl,odos oJaHlr{rurH rsrrodo,Lc oc ruc L'O-9'O 4onndzm wosm uunl,odos qilBhrgo ' ranYerxod rJ utrrvr e nanlodos oJoH)rcrltH rsHodo.f,c oc ruc L'o-9'o nonprdramwosm I^Iox -unrodos wuHlr{r4H c unnlodoa gr,rnxdau q,t&awC 'raxnod,lc oV eeadc .r,oz{.nVecouslraxcor,r".tf.3 'xexro.rd. s fi xnrdgor.rddxee BH oJa rafiu{cou 'Bx -rnnlodoa o.ranxdas rsuodorc oc r\rc7'0-g'0 r iosm Blu4rr -.r,odoao,ranxdas alrHuuerr x d.xVemrodu s.r,e.r,anrud11 rfuuorrncorm n ororcodn,f,g "rtrrrlm eultgey ZgZ

O6pa6orrca 4era;refi rBAeJrilff

233

rO BOpOTHI{}ca,nOCaX(IIBa,ff erO Ha SaKpyrJleHl/tffx II B yroJrKax. Cyrroxrarr rroca,qxy or cpeaa,qo crpotrxr,r. flpnuerarb roroByro o6oprcy (rpy*ceeo) rasHauxofi n .rrrqenofi cropoue Hr4'rcHero Boporur4xa, ypaBrrfiBaa cpeabr, rrrBoM lunpznofi 0,4-0,5 cM, rrprur arorvro6opxy (xpyxceno) rocalr{}rBarcr B yroJrrax rr rra BarcpyrJrenr,rffx. Cwrerarr aepxnzfi BoporHLrK c HlrlrtHt4M rrrBoM rnwpulaofr 0,5-0,7 cwr. flpr,r arou o6opra (rpymero) 6yAer HaxoArrrbcff BHyrprr 4era;refi BoporHtrfta. O6ra-rarr Bopornrax rrrBoMrrrnpunofi 0,5-0,7 cM co cTopoHbrHrrlrcHeroBopoTHr{Ka. Brrceqs npoxJra,qftynB rrrBa.qo0,1 cM, a B yroJrxax 4o 0,2 cu. Hacrpouurb rrroB o6ra.rzsaHrrrJrHa HraxtrrrafiBoporrrr{K Ha paccroflHr4u O,l-0,2 cM or crporrxn c "nvqenofi cTopoHbrHr{?r{HeFo BopoTHrrKa. Brrnepnyrb BoporHr,rx, BbrrrpaBprrbrrrBbr r{ BbrMeTarb Ha paccroffHlru 0,3-0,5 cM or Kpaff. flprayrrcxcr4Tb BoporHtrx qepea rrpoyrrox{raJrbHr4rc I{BHaHo\rHofictopoHrr, a B nBAeJrLtflxurl rrrepcrffHbrx r.r rrreJrxoBbrxrxaneft - c JrlrrleBofi croponrr. O6pa6omfi& aoporn ruva c K,ar{rnoJw BoporHrarc r4B ocHoBuafi. nlu orAeJrorrHoit rxanw 2 gerann (nepxHzfi u uu:r";aufr). ICanr r{B ocuoBHoft nnu orAerorruofi rraura, Bbrrcpoennrrft no Hocofi, - 1 Aera.nn. Boporurrra rro orJrery Irt ,{;rzna KaHTa paBHa AJrrdHe KoHqaM rrJrroc1-1,5 cru. flpoeepr,rrb .qeraJrw Kpoff: AJrvttay,rrrt4pr4uy, Hagoaenorl leurvr. rrpaBJrenr,re Cra.rarr qacrra Ht4rrcHero BoporHura (ec.rruoH cocrorirr racHecnoJrbrcuxuacrefi) rrrBoMurvpznoft 0,7-1 cu. Pasyrromzrb rrrBbr.

'rsuodolc goaa[nr c *aue]rr xrqso[ram lr xrsur.Lcdam ar{ xrrrrreVer,ra B 'rsHodolc gorhoHerrerr c ulr Hrrrr,lx{ol.r,rtodu eadarr $ran,r,odoe s.r,uncor.r,.ttra d11 'nedn ro nc g'O-g'0 zr{Hrorccd en s,Le.L -ofirqrs fi rqsm s,Luaedurss 'urau,Lodoa r.r,,&rdearsg ')rkrHlodos o.rerru{nn rsxodo,Lc 4oaairrrr c zxr'od.la ro fic Z'O-I'O urrHnorccBd un nux -,r,odos gr{rr}rcuu rr rrruegr4rhrgo som qru}rod.r,ce11 'nc Z'0 oY - xexroJrt s 'rrc 1'6 oYeam arad.nfernodu sr'acrrg ' rtxzrr.lodoa rf.rNettxcru lr g,f, lrBlr Br4HBsr4hB& -udn galnrt[trsYadu uxr'od,rc ro ]\rc raranro.r,cced en 1'g 'o 'r t.llrlt rvuesuhe.f,r,rdu yryr}J,vrIf ou o.rod.r,cs.LI,Irox -odu enrrrroV errtod.r,c No.Ludu 'B)tntt,lodos oJoHlr{rltlr rsuodorc oc ruc L'O-9'O J[osm xfinlodos <rr]rergo 'exranl,odou gerel,ef ud,r,rtns ncs.Lnl -oxulr r,etrdg rHBx vrore rad11 'lruc l'0-g'0 raonrdram nioam ilrrlrElrcr4Hc nnn.r,odoa gnnxdas qr,Lofic 'rrwretaurhe.lraduvnnnlf ro rIc I'0 nraurt -ol,cced eg z{xux.r,odoa dweuucr4rr }r rH}r sl,er'elud11
'xItklHolf

-.r,(duee E oJo rresr4xcecou 'gdl.rtns fiogrrJc 'exuu.Lod -os oJaHxcun anodo,rc goaelrur )r luelr sl,e.r,enirad11 'rrrdHBsfih,rr,rduorrarrrrf aJHB]r BH qrr4Jor rH 'errr,ru.Lodou gra.rcs.r,rlnr.r,,r,g arrdo$ orr rn]r 'egun.r,odos solrHox Br,rsar,r^dxee un,r,cer'rt BrH)r agrrJc H trJurar IBH 'anatradacon sro[g'sd.ri{Hg gotrrruuen ,LHBlr rrtr dncorou ord.con s.r,rarrorl,rteg 'nxr'od.r,c otr ,r,o dx?ecou eeadc e,r,r.ilrcor,rrt3 'xeuro.rd a rr xrfllHorr.rrtdxee BH oJo IfsII]I{Bcou 'Bxutt.lodog oI -enxdaa rsHodo,Lc oc wc 7'0-g'0 4onrdam wosm )rkru '-.r,odoso.renxdas olrHHer,rn dnFerrrrodu r.re.r,arrrad11 ,ftrouncorc tr oro.r,codurO'rqrrrm errrtgey

vgz

O6pa6orxa 4era.nefi r{BAeJrrrfl

236

O6pa6omrca 6opornH.urc& c 6efircoil (puc. 108) BoporHzrt nB ocnoBHoit ulw orAerorruofi rxaulr 2 geranu (nepxuuft n nutxlalafr). Tarc Har 6efixa pacroJIOlrCeHa COCTOpOHIT BepxHero BopoTHzKa, ro eepxnrafi BOpOTHT4K BbrHpar{BarOT MeHbrrre Hr4)rcHero Ha rrrlt pr{Hy 6eftxn rro KoHqaM ra orJrery. flponepnrb,qeraJrkr Kpoff : AJrrrHy,rrrr{prrHy, HanpaBJreHHeao:regofi lrvrru. Cra.rarr qacrkr HLtlrcHero BoporHr.rxa (ec.rruoH cocrour r{BHecnoJrbrczx.racrefi)runorvr nrnpznofi 0,7-1 eu. Paeyrroxcrarb rxBbr. flpulvrerarr 6efiry K BepxneMy BoporrrfiKy rrrBoM urrapranofi 0,4-0,6 cwr. flpzravarr 6efixy K BepxneMy Boporrrnxy ruBoM urupznofi 0,5-0,7 cm. Paayrroxcurb rrroB. O6pa6orarb BoporHfiK, KaK o6rr.rno.

Puc.108 O6pa6orrca pyKaBoB Bm&wrr,oripyfiaa


Kaaccn.recxrtM pyKaBoM flprruffTo HagbrBarb pyxaB, coeArlueHnrrfi no Jrurnuur upofimrr r4 onara. Ero HasbrBaror BTarrHbrM pylcaeowr. Oco6eHHocrbr) Taxoro Br{,qa

IT}IITBC

-ouradn rrU fnnodrc vfirvraom godo,rs qruu{orodu ee -adc,r,o wc rllrulro;,caed H xilosm r,{rsadeuc ruolr4 I 'vflm fiurrlvrr.f '(zunrauc u e[edeu rar,rt ,r,osdlrtus sraud,Lclo oJoHrAIoH -eur'acreH dtrxeru) uuvecou nrY 1txnod'r,c ordnud.dn rsH -odolc ordsrrdd or.rf.xrar,t oldn c wu.rtnr'od.lc Erosalrr4r -rrorawBHs,Lzxorodu or,nrtroxgoanzt,r,euo rr[' ou o.roJ,e 'dlexo ou s&ulecouudu or,traYoxgoau oJa randaltzdu raogdau otr alne eseu^d uxVecou goHHasrcar'ex rrfi 'r.rVE{aVo s nrrHohHeenVaduJ,ora'rco}ur4cl4sg enoceS 14 esexAd oJonrrurs [pts s,redugrsa ladVar3 'zrtrsneedgo -oneed qHaho <Irrrg.r,d.,row esexdd orqlurrrsaYrreVo gan -xdas g ro rrrcowucfise rzr.rurr1oxJalf s nraHaHarrudu ' nlrualrcr4aV dVogoac ordm geH^d ,r,o,r,e -irrog orrtr,tec .r,eBY eY.ro'r,'trl|.r]/er nIaIJIdt ofl t4rousrentucrrer,t oV 'zumtqw[otl o]r{rlH IIc Z s ouqrol -ueutgudu gonzgfn.r '4rousrentuHrrr/fi ,Lo q.Lrlg 'Loxc -ofi nvuargdrlr{. BHLt}rLrIros :eharrr gonl,rdrm goHHah -vroad c 'ar,r4rodugonualrgdlr'rd. en u )rr 'goxogdr'raE H )r)r Hauroursrg qrrrg l/axcow sexfd goHhrg 'rswErodu envgdn.r 'ouqraregotrarc 'fi rswuoltcvra[eVogoac ilaH s amquarr wal 'seudd ancodlc rruan lremqrogau oH -irrorprHsdc eaerrdd oJoHhB.Lsd Itrur4odu enugdr; 'yrFrHramarnced '4nsn -nedumced'Llweroxcnrruc'gtrqunancdee'4or,trdu .r,eee -rsg uaeudd eu11 '(atrxoVo 4oxcucrtnr a rclarnawrdu) nr,rueauh.Le gor,rufir 4ontrdu vlnw vlrtetrYeruc 'uolr -dogc oc <rrnrgrox{orI eaeuf.d r)ro 'v[IqHsomxEaY urrt -on[o qlrrg,Laxcow uenz{.4'eHoceQ z r.IVoNJo krrcow}rc -vse a'4loxVecorr EamqHorl ulrvtqorr:slrog c 'd'rfdu rtnr -ol.dnxrruee esex^d r)ro ou c scrarrHnVaoc Eowgodu ' rrd.d^rrQ rsdd,Luox netnor -ndo.r,eou'rsrugodn rrlrulrrf rur.rddno rrcronrsr esesrd.d ,ft,nonxorc n o.ro,rcodurO'B.rrum exfgey 98?

O6pa6orrca Aerauefi r.raAeJruff

237

Cra.rarr pyraB auqeeofi croponofi Buyrpb, paayTrolrcr{Tb npvllycK?r B pagHbre cTopoHbr, rroJrbSyflcbpyrasHofi noAcrasmofi. Bunepnyrb pyxaB Ha JrflqeByro cropony, a .nra$ rra lroHaHoqHyro. Bnonczrr pylcaB r npofiuy, ;ru4enofi croponoft x .nvrqenoficropoHe ;rz$a. Coe4znrarb pyxaB c upofirvroft Ha fiprrMepre, coBMepynara c nrancnefiro-rxofi npofirrlaff rrroB craqraBaHr4ff Mbr, rrJlerresoftruos c Beprlunofi pyrana r4HaAcerrKt4 na npoftme. Cxo.norr pyrcaBc npoftrvrofi6yranrcaura, peryJrr{pys npr4nocaArcy(prc. 109).

Pnc. 109 Sarsrzsarb Bepxur,re HfiTRI{ crpoqex Ha roJroBrce pyrcaBa Ao rex rrop, rona cpeabr Ha pyxaBe z na npoftMe He ypaBuffrorcs. PasuoMepao pacfipeAeJrurb rrpulocaAKy ee no oKaTy urilu Ha BepxHeM cpeSe pyKaBa, (prc. 110). B BaBrrcrrMocrra or MoAeJrrr pyxaB flpnro.norb no npofiue, pacnoJraraa 6y.narru 6.nvraro Apyr ft Apyry. Ha npunocalrceuHoM yqacrxe rpe6yerca BrcoJrorb 6o.nrure 6ynanorc, qroOrr ila6elrcarr HerrceJrareJrbrroro cMerqeuuff or{ara ra upofturr Brrnepnyrb pyxaB Ha JrfirleByro cropouy, rrprrrpyMepnTb rlsAeJrfier4 rrocMoTpeTb,xoporro Jrr{ cr,r,4r,rT rcas. Buecru neo6xo,{rrMbreriraMenennrr.

III'cr{d

otr amsreV s,Lrrl'odrc rerrroVodu e 'z{.xr'odrc rrrre}relr oY,r 'alrnol gor s qcrsl4lrsHerco au 'Iqntuodlr r4rcou 'ux[ecoludu rrY -rrrtdno gacs orr aareV ql,rar'od,rcod11 'uer'ecfun Koxr'od.rc oc r,rovrd som sl.rBsrqyerxodll ez 4onVo d.sel'eH 'esexdd rsHodo.Lc oc som <rrhrC 'randarruscoa arudo$ a uoaerdg;utdnos xfi serorlrgo 'unYecon nnY xol,un rsIrHoHs,r,zuadneg 'esm goaalrrnr rsHodol,c c <IJnrgonrrro[ oH xrz oH 'rqu -ztnue-nntrrrxc ar{}rrfor,ru rsr rurcduoV xencr{.undrr e11
0II'clrd

r{luonxonc u o.ro.r,aodurO'rrtr.r,lrm uufgey

882

O6pa6orrca 4era;refi rrageJrrrs

239
o6pasou, rnon
,4ByMrI CTpOtIKaMI,r I4 He pa-

lporr4Bofio.nomnofi rraAcetrrt[. Taxuu


IoJIyIIIITCTI SaKperrJreHHbrM

aofi 4etca B xoAe oKcrrJryararlut rr lraAeJrlrs. C nran*reft croponbr npofiusr noApeaarb rpr4rrycrrr Me)rcgy AByMfl rraAcertcaMra4o 6 wru. Ha roJroBrcepyraBa [pr{nycrr{ [oApeaarb He cJreAyer. Coe4wnnre cpesrr npuuycroB Brrraaroo6paanoft crpourofi . Llcnolrayfi" rrra4raJrbnyro pyxaBHyro rroAcraBKy, oryrroJnrrrr npofiruy, He BaBoAffyrror Ha rrarrb pyftaBa u va6eras gaJroMoB. (puc. 1 1 I ) <, Ba6y turcurt> pqna6, unu pU fia6 no orcannu Pyrcana co cKJraAKaMr{r.rMeror6oarrrzfi o6rervr, uewr pyxaBa co c6opxaur,r. Tarofi BrrA pyxaBa rracro Molrcuo Bcrperr4Tb B MacftapaAnbrx RocrroMax Cnerypovrcra, pyccrofi KpacaBr,rrlbr frT. A., TaR KaK ryrrme Bcero cra4nr rarofi pyxaB, ecJrr4rraroraBJrrrBarb ero ?rBTfflrceJrbrx rrcaHefi (uapua r4T. n.). Pacrcponrr, repeBecrra Merrr{ ll rroAroroBr.ITb AepyraB ognoruoenrrft TaJrb. Cra.rarr ruoB pyraBa, ecnrur u o6a rrrBa, ecJu4pyxaB 4ryxnronnrrft. B 4nyxruoBnoM pyrcaBe[ocJre crarruBaurrff rrepBoro ruBa npoJlolrcrlTb oT.4eJrorrHyrocTporrKy rrJrr,roTcTporrrrrb ruoB n rpaft.

Puc. 112

grsgoco -

'vrcyrr x rcErr,Ilnorerrd.c 'gon -godu goxodum iruor.o c aeudd - qmnw aonfiuay 'nudogo zox,r,odou a[ras s eaeuf.d - numtetrndy .lnor.rd r,{rsyufdn fou .ottolN 'firqrNaesr4mzdu 'sendd -[lzu s ueu o,tto'wnrl 4ronrrdu 'alrrasoJf.u eH golrrrrf rr-t'to.Lalrcurlr zrpr zoxdogo-rro&alr{Hw qcrssr,rh -HElrg'gc.laeucd.c vrcu:t .r{.'rsgr.rdnm fioHrrry[uc]rEnl gr,rlnorelnlcoV or.lnor x 'sexd.d 'zweQdg lrwvm<rrog c 'rlrqHmrqu slHaho n.r,ce]r raarrxdea g :eseu.{d noceQ (<norc> aex.(d '<uodoHo' uuudd) oznll( 'uoumrsw lou grswasramg'zorugodu y[our4uqro,rd.orurdu gon -neeadng c .rnezdeg ztVo.r a odeln6 waned.n 9961 -rIg - ((Her{ou'oV-ode.rnd> r4rlnnerrzi[zdu sex.d.d 'yrrolrcoHoJoHqrrreuozfienoloxlredrtl, en atrHsog.Lcnrr4e'oltl,Bodos lzorr,r,ar,rgozonauledoxaf Bcro{Itratrrqrs ouqrI4lrala o;ceh rqsm .I,Irclan a graxed 'gonrgodu 4ouogrtrc,rc sexdd 4rsnnrtnV - unwotrofr 'vr.hlld MHI{H xrn[ -trarrrrolr a rcrord.esrrorrclr orcrr 'd.Vo,rr,tt-069l s f.Vos{ s r4rmos 'rgo,laxcuelrrBoued aqrcBrree en naeulnoreg -I4hHBlrBe'eseudd alqHrrrlqu er,rrrodram - nltolrltog ' r4H g .r{.,r,eslr lrr soYr4 ou ncxr,rluor rrralf ro xdsV ez eseufd - (Tatuty-7uotu.ty) nuowdy * ntunpfide-oeoutadoufrxnnuou g 'aexr{d eH excduudu ego s.r,zrror,r,/(eg ' f uu g' slu dalrradll 4odu s eexd.d <rrlr.r, 'unrunodol,c nrrrrsgonur lrazrafefi c aexdd q.roroxC '(911'crd) eseu.[d B&BxoHrceh granxdaas uuVerxc q Jr4)r{orfBg' y[osm r,vralnrYoxvoII wnrgorr uru r,roxrrod,lc 4oneedgooJsJrrs'rseadc arsrrsdu,Lo sl,e,rogedgg 'z{.xrte,r,rqg s,Le}t -,Lc BrrehIrc {ro)rherrqs c os?xdd rtonaomonfo e11 rfuroxncorcn ororaodu rO'Bq.r.um uufgey WZ

O6pa6orrca geratefi

rraAenra

241

Marutcepor, - poBHo BaKpbrBarorqrafinJretro pyraB, o6rr-rno rr{[a r{r{Mono, B Kyprnax, rryJroBepax,[Jlarbffx. - plnan-Souapr.rx, repexBaUAQQ (Puffarmel) qeggbrfi manncetofi.

Pynaa pe"naru(puc. 113)


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Pzc. 113

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Puc. 118 paoHocrr{ Me}fiAy rur4prlnaMrr pyxaBa r npofimsr. pyraBa c us4eJftreM KoHryp B upoqecce coe.qfiHeHras orcara AoJrlrceupaBHoMepuo npn6nur*arbcs K KoHTypau npofinnbrco cropoHbr [epeAuero rr JronreBoro [epercaroB 6ea coaganr,rffHa[pffrxeHHbrx BoH, rAe 4eficrnor,atnu 6tt rrporrrBorroJrolrcuo HarrpaBJrennsrecunrr. TaKr{e clIJIbI BOSHIIXaTOT,eCJILtpaSMeIIIaTb l48Jrr{Illeft TKaHfi rro urprpr{He pyxaBa Ba BaAHr{M KoHTypoM nporiurr lprr HeAocraro.ruofi rrrr{pr,rHe nepe4uefi qacrr{ pyrcaBa. O6.nacrr pac[pocrpaHeHrrs Harff]r(enufi n crc.naAorc rrosBoJrseT onpe,qeJrktTb ypoBHrr pacrroJroEceHprfl r{ BeJrrrqfiHbr aon o6yrxerwfl.. ge$ercra ,{aa ycrpaHerrrrfi HaAo yrorlulrrb rroJrorrceurre Jrurnututcpeaa no npofime.

O6pa6orrca HuBa pyrcaBa flpe*c4e qeM rrpucrynarb r o6pa6orre Hpr]r{Hero cpeoa, neo6xo4rarvro noAroroBr{Tb pyxaB. Ero aHaunr, trro pyraB cJreAyer crarrarb r4 rro4oruars x upoftue.

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' r4r^rBlr}I{a'I,c rII^IrqHgBr -ou ztsexf.d H *txhe,Lgo 4edx r.lr,rmtro11 's.r,zncorld.radn 'rrc 'stelernreg Z'0-I'g en eaend.delr .rnex nenc.rturss 'gom q,Lr4sdurss ' eseu.{d dnodolc ordnr'onung}r eH dxr'el,go aztn,ro,r,g
.I'PIHBSI,IhT

-go sm ro ruc Z'O eH srarf,tc.to 'uxne.lgo enodol,c groa -aIrun ou d.nnodlc crJr4x{oroduulconrrodu rrV :a:axroer, 'q,lv}rcorl.d.eudao111 -9o Anodor,c a qrJrrxcor,lr{.ee rrua,Lee 'rruc ^l'0 r,ronzdrEmrrosm qrh -.rgo rarsaadc slrHged.{ 'rqsm q,Lurcowaoc 'sdrz{.Har4r^r -enodol,c urrrrssalrlrr rroseu.{d c dnne.lgo irruucorC slr4xcor,rfzd11' rroeedc nrrs,Lrsdx,Lo c dxgz.rYoua wosm s,LnmYou uuhrgo eadc gunxdeg 's,trdtrcor,Lf.eed gom'uuh.Lgo rslrHou <IIBhB.LC 'rrsm en r,roxc.{undu c ugeudd eeurr enzdum eHsed ulrr.ergo enunfl''rrlc 0I-/ - o,ronodram rrrV 'nrc g-7 r4xhergo enudvm esesdd o.ronef rr[' 'egexdd eeun awdo$ ou dnr'elgo or.d.nr'adarrorrr{rrrr orrtsaro[ s,lzodx[o11 'eseudd o,roH -aomxdsY kr )rJ 'oJousomonVo nen eadc granrwaHqlr -ogedgo oulr{o}\rr4}rh,Lgo 4on4odnYou zlnorruonzd11 (611 'cud) Voxnnugo now1Lodxpou

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.{r,ronncorc n o.ro,rcodu rO'rq'llrm err{gey

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O6pa6orxa Aera.rreft r{BgeJrrlrr

253

O 6p a6omrc& rru a& pV rcas cLrualenaA H,oti ernofi (pnc. l'2O) ryeilbnorcp o eH,ori M aH,uc flpr nouorqrr HanJragHoft qe.nlnorcpoenofi MaulrceTbr peroMeHAyercff o6pa6arurnarb pyxaB a l,aagenuir ua ABycroponneft rranrn. Oco6enno a$Senruo raxaa pyKaBa B Tpt4rreTBepTr{ MaH)fieTaBbrIJI.fiAr4T rrpPr.qJrrrHe pyKaBax. LrJrlr KopoTKr4x Hauerzrr Ha JrfiqeBoft cropone pyraBa Jrnnrrro cru6a, orx.na4brBas or cpeaa rrrupnuy Mau)fierbr B roroBoM
BITTE.

flepernyrr HrrB pyraBa no crv6y Ha nauauoqHyro cropouy raBaMerarb Ha paccroffnura 0,3-0,5 cm or Kpaff. O6ornyrr cpea HraBoMpyxaBa rr nprzMerarb Ha paccroffHlrra0,3-0,5 cM or ftpaff. Saerpouzrs xpaft rrrBoMrro MoAeJrt4. Orornyrt BBepx
pyKaB I4 BLIMeTaTb IIIOB.

flpuytroncnrb MaHlrcery. Cmerarr cpeabr pyraBa rrrBoMurupznofi 0,9-L,4 cm. Cra.raru cpeabrpynaBa rrrBoM1-1,5 cvr. O6uerarb rrroB.. Pasyuonczrb rrroB. Saxpenlrrr [roB BHLtBy pyxaBa Bpyrrnyro vtJrvrv'aurunnoft aaxpenrcofi gnnuofr, 0,7-l cM napaJrJreJrbHo Hr/r3yHa paccTo,firrl{uor2 cM oT Kpaff.

Puc. 120

4onlrdum y[osm rslrHou ir.tehrgo ra sdlifus 4onodo.r,c 4oaafur ennYadacou sroYa dl,errnenr sl,dl;ada11 'eguJc,Lo r,tlc 2.0_I.0 H rqraxcuenrVou olrHBHeLt x d.nVernodu sl,errel,rad11 an*rVedacousroVg
Iq&a)IcHBy[ a]IHHAI4 II gvl JC OIUIIJUTr qJI4 ror IH

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'druo.rddV-ou .Lor rrurorrrqs rdnrIrnou 1rwFrrruro ged go c d;,errrre141 '.(,ran*rew s^r,n ncor.ldnd11 't\gvttc ou qJerowee ra sdJ,.{.Hs uox -HBHau rsHr,rVadac uftruullr l{;,arrnenr ou r.r.dntada11 'som qrnxcor.ldee4

'rltc I'O o[ esm era.rtnferxodu srracrsg 'wc I-g'0 4ronudlrm wosm rsfirrou q.Lrrrcr qdl:tng gonodol,c 4roaafizr xadauou rtl.ancrrer,r s.r,dn.rede11 'Bgt4JcJo wc Z'O-T'O raranso.lcced rr rq.Lalr{HenYou a}rrrrretr x dntrunnodu slerre.lradll 'enuVad -aco[ srotra rqro]rcHBy[ a]rHHaItH g]rJc orr{Hr(rfqJ}rr -or\reHofun rsreucnurr axrogedgo Nd11 4o,rd.nxrrs ' r,rniredn r{r rrslrrggr -ogedgo c urrut zo;/.nnwee qlrrg .tolrcoru eralrcHtr I 'enndzm ott - xrqH]rcolfro g .rqlox{Hent enzrV ou luVoxodu xB,f,alr{HB}rr xrsHr'erudIt s qrrln reaarcofi' ] 'rareVor,tro rracrdsBg rrrox{HBIAT errzrfi 'aYua ruosoroJ a rI,Lax{HBfiIenrad rq naodxced trdn r.rro)rcHetrr enzdr,rm - q aY.r -ram '6xwc (t) g'O "q : r{ +

:ensed rqlalrcHuw enudz1n .nllretaft g, I4H)rJ,gOrlrtOrav.r,o umfi r{oHsoHco 8I4 Bro}r{HBtr\I Touta ilc'Hnw TLouunutndu

nsoxfr.drrsnHoxutogodgg

,tr,uouucora n o.rorcodu rO.$trrum uxfgey

792

O6pa6orna Aeta;refi rageJrrrff

255

Brrce.m npoxJra,qry rra rrrBoB rr rroApesarb urBbr B yroJrxax 4o 0,2 cnn. Bsrnepnyrb, BbrrrpaBr{TbyrJrbr 14 BbrMerarb Kpag Manrrcerbrn crrz6 Ha paccroffnrnu 013-0,5 ctr or Kpa,fl. flprayrroxctrrb MaHrfiery. B usrenngx r4B ToHRrax rnanefi Taxrre Man'fierbl IlplrcoeAllHffroT K pyKaBy HeMHoro fio-ApyroMy. i Sacrpourrb <(MocKoBcKLrM) rrrBoM rro Hrdsy pyxaBa yrracrox, ocraBJrerrHsrft4.rra cno6o4sr ABlrlrcenrrflpynri (3-4 cu). flpo.noxrart 2 crpouxt4 rro Hr{By pyrcaBa.4Jrs o6paaonanraa c6opHu raJrrrBaMerarb Mffrr{rure cRJraAKrt Ha paccroflnzu 0,5*0,7 cvr or cpeaoB. flpouepnrs, uro6rr .4Jrr4na Hr4aapyxaBa B roroBoM nnAe 6rr.na 6o"rrrureaJrraubr MaHtrcerbrna 2-B cn'r. flpzuerarb Maulrcery K Hr{By pyxaBa rrrBoM rrrkrpr,rnofi 0r7-0,9 cM, cxJraAbrBaff AeraJrr4 JrnueBbrMr.r cropoHaMr{ rax, uro6rr KoHqbr Mau}r{erbr aaxoArrJrlrBa o6pa6orannrrfi yvacrorc Ha 0,5 cu. flpvrauarb MaHlrcery rrrBoMurlrpunofi 0,8-1 cu. flo4ornyrr cpea rroAMaHrrcerbr na 0,6-0,8 cM rr rrpr,ryrrofitlrrb. Hamerarr rroAoruyrbrfi cpea Ha r{BnaHorrHyro cropoHy pyxaBa Ha paccroffnuw0,Z cM or crra6a. Hacrpounrb noAMaHrr(ery Ha pyxaB Ha paccro.finuz 0,1 cM or ctla6a (crpourca r{,qer B ruoB c lrqerofi croponu). flpzyrroxcrrrb MaHrrdery. flpr.rra.rrraff MaH)fiera B paspeae (perc. 121) Ec.nr rro MaH]fiere npeAycMorpeHa orAeJrorrHag
cTporlKa, To TexHoJIOIUqeCKaS nOCJTeAOBaTeJTbHOCTb coeAn Henr,rs MaHlKer MeHfferc.fi. Bsa.ra.ne K Hv By pyftaBa rrpr4MeTbrBaeTc,fl u npzTaqr,rBaeTc.fi noAMaHlr{eTa rrrBoM rurapzuoft 0,8-1 cnn. Sareu cpea MaHlrcerbr [oAru6aror na 0,6-0,8 crvr Ha uonauoqHyro cropoHy I{ HacTpaqkrBaK)T Ha JrrrrleByro cTopoHy pyrcaBa Ha 0,1 cwr or crrr6a. Ocra.nunoe rarc Ece.

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V
rllttos!fforc u o.ro.r.codu rO .B.lrrrrtr errztgey

992

O6pa6orrca 4era;refi rra,qeJrrlff

257

flpuravuaff Maulrcera c orAeJrorruofi crpouxoft n paspeae(pzc. 122). B uagenrzsx r4B ToJlcrbrx rnaueft raxne Maulrcerbl rprrcoeAr4Hflror K pyxaBy cJreAyroquu o6paaou. flponepurb AeraJrr{Kpoff: AJrr{Hy,rxrapr4rry,HanpaBJreuue 4o,rrenofi lr.vrrrz. Hawrerzrr AByMfl Ha,4cetrftaMrarro rrrtay pyxaBa yaracrox, ocraBJrff eMrrfi 4.rra cno6ogtr ABr{}fi eHLrflpyxr{ (3-4 cu). Ilpo;roxcarr 2 crpouxr4 rro HLrBypyrcaBa4an o6pasoBaHIltff C6OpXZ pIJIII SaMeTaTb MflIKr4e CKJIa.IIK n HA

paccrosHr.rnO,5-O,7 cM oT cpe3oB. flponeprarr, vro6rr AJrr{HaHr,rcapyxaBa B roroBou nu4e 6rr,rra 6o.rrrrre AJrnHbrMaHtrcerbr na B-4 cryr. ffpznnerarb Maulrcery BMecre c noAMarrxcerofi r nraBy pyrcaBa, yxJraAbrBas MaHlxery K Jrr4rlenoficropoue pyKaBa IuI ypaBHr{Baffcpe3br, ruBoM 0,7-0,9 clr. flpzrauarr Man)rcery K Hr4By pylcaBa rrrBoM urrpnnofi 0,8-1 cnn. O6nnerarr IuoB, BaxBarhrBaffr{ yqacTorc Me)rc,4y rraACEqHAMII.

O6ornyrr Bepxuroro cropony Maulrcerbr rrrraoM py-' KaBa r4 [poJro]r(kTTbSaKpe[Ky B rrroB llpr{TaquBaHrg Maulr(erbr4lunoft 0,7*1 cu. Bunepnyrb MaH,ftery Ha Jrr{rleByrccropouy. flpxyrrorxr4Tb MaHlrcery. Eqe o4zH Bapr4aurnpnravnofi Manrr(erbr(puc. L2B).

C6oprcarro raJrr{u
C6opxy no raJrlln r 4ercroft lr.nerxofi rxencrofi oAe)rcAe Molnuo cAeJrarb rrpr{ noMonlrr peauHoao{t ucunrcu. Ee na4o HaMorarb Ha runyJrbny B cJrerxa HarffHyroM cocrogHr{r4.Bepxrna Hr4THa o6rtuua8, crpotlKa - Br{r3ar c KopoTKr4MruaroM.
I A. cors[eBa

e[,recs xenordg r xxrgor BH Bcnou ersur'e'LudlI 'rtrlf -aVen oJocs ,twdoS ,r,rar+cdatr crolr xeu xu.r, 'BcqlHrrlwc rsH*cro[ oH rlt r4rlllrlrrcoxc <Irrflg rqu]rcroV ecrou redXl cBorr {rorrrrswdll 'ondanronsed onnamdaaoc 'td.Igr *tnferxc - qlrBs -ramudu olt)$oru oa oJah orcoil 'Bcltotl xdaao[ slaYeg 'ofrqrou s qrnmc dxnuea4 '(dnneneuen) cuou qldur,r, -H oH,Lorfrr orddol,ox en 'dxdouced pno.r,deuo.ronuadx r,rrlr rsdeuu@ eu qJBraVc oH]r{otrt 'o}tJorforr 'ondafi -onsed gcrarr,rrafieduced ranYernc rilgol,h']t.1 d]rrrrae -ad oritnxcecdon xordg vfitu vt rgor crfou BH q,LramBH 'xedtrag vlTruuwrrar en aureYeu s,lesfi$cdeVYon ance[ Bugocorrc firra ztneod eunuead reuxcecdo!4'crtorr orr4fre,Lr,rruI,r -uued[ sle[eoc rcl,aefizt woeedgo ru]r]IB&'ra.lconxdea -ou 4ronaod BH 'sm ous r,rru uuttaYen Bsm oJogorlf rqtrt -odorc gaunad.lrtns. c ulrr4 xdaso[ rtcJaBsI4mBIrBHO 'dxnne' -ad orztsrxecdou irJusoeqroucu oulrconl olrcx& '%gg eH rcsledr4goc Hlr{noV suetrr, zxaodnued[ arcou eurtoroil tlrfca 'dar,tradne11 or 'yogg BH Harr!Irfes.,{. '(<Axuargo s) r4HYc -ou rrtr) r,rugodnrsa r{LInahprrrasdzdu one[ee orrqg I lo]r 'amstrog oJoHltlou rcl,adagoc quelr,l r,todo.r,on udu 'rlt -rrlread ao}rBr slrprsoulcr{ onnces iIHa}rO arruolr{rtrH ' Bz.r,Blrcc o.roruuVoxgoan graneleoc rrrtr H)rrr\t g -ad lueuneucrtrH wrqHqlfr{c oHhorJcoV rE rlrsgdawoIl' -eed ee sllrVarc - aoHserJ 'ouhlsgo xB$ '^Hullead a.r. -4eazmnd11 'onmedrc aH - raH nlrrrerr go)rur rrrrcg ' ztroged rahJalrgo onillrarr4r.eHe r4 rnnraead rtugo)rcrfrgn sHesodd sresodurd.rad .r,ae.r' -ofirorr nedo,Lox 'trnmerI xrslHgasm rr[ enuer s.r,cg 'osIIcd}I u ondantoneed eHroua rc,r,aer'rtro11
,tnonxora x olol,aodulO'n{rrrm eu{gey 892

O6pa6orrca Aeranefi rraAeJrr{fl

259

KpoffT rro AoJreBofi, rge pacrsrr{HMocrb rxauvr H.afiMeHbrrras. flosc r4auyrpr{ ynperrJrffror npox.rragxofi,
cKJTaAbIBaIOT BABOe n ilpVTTATIVIBaIOT nO TaJIIIU TaK,

.rro6sr rrpunycxra Ha rrroB oxaaaJrr4cb BHyrpr{. llonaso.lrrrfi cpea rroffca o6rrqno o6pa6arrrnaror uogrra6xofi BHyrpb. ?Inor4a rrosc BbrrcparrBaror rax, .rro6lr fi3HarrorrHbrfi cpea fireJr rro ftpoMxe rKaHfi r4efo He HylnHo 6rrno o6pa6aruaarr. Taxoft rroffc rrpr4TarrwBaerC8 NOJIHOCTbIO HA MAUIIIHE.

9ro6rr y6parr Jrr4rrruroro roJrrrlr4uy fioffca B Ho4eJrrasx rrg nJrorHbrx rrarreft, c llgHarrrrt ero Motrcno o6raqarr nonocxofi ronxoft TKaHr4lurz recrrvroft. flogc He .qoJrrfteu [eperfffuTBarb raJrrrro, noaroMy BCerAa cJreAyeT TrrIaTeJrbHopaccqr4TbrBarb ero AJrr,rHy. 9ro6sr rroffc xoporxo cr{AeJr, AJn4Haero AoJr}nHa paBHsrbca o6xnary raJruut rrJrroc 7 cu (1,3 cM Ha rrocaArcy, 3,2 cvt Ha nprrrryct<n,2,5 cM Ha aacrerxxy). TTTraprlsa BABoe6o.nrure npe,4rroJraraelrofi uruplrrbr roroBofo rrogca [Jrroc 3,2 cu. ,* Coeem.onattnnott nopmvux.u I4Hor4a cryqaercrr, trro [o.fic 6prcx unu to6xu ue fip]rJreraer Ha cfiuHe. HeourrrHrre [oprnbre rperuar Ha nporu6 B floffcHrzrle. Cnoco6 pelreHr4s Morrcno rroArJrrrAerb, HanprrMep, B raraJrbsncrczx 6prorcax, Korga fioffc crpoeu He nB o,4Horo qeJrbHoro KycKa, a vrgAByx. Bna.Iare rrprarrrr{Baercg uoffc Ha Karrc.qyro6prc.rrzny, a rroroM crrrrulBaercg o.4Hr4M rrrBoMruarosrrfi [roB rafio,ffc. Kax npanuJro, noffC JIOIICIzIT, rCaX SnUtOfi.

O 6p ado m rc a no&ca c aa c nxeJrc >tcaa 0 u, rc ott- << wonruueil, unu 6 6orcoaomtuae Cxpourr noflc rro Aoresoft, yJlolr{r.rBoAr.ru rra ero
AJrr4HHbrX CpeSOB B.4OJrb KpOMTCU.

'r<guJcsro[s oredn dr,nanxcnnorr crfou fianox J,oreg -ur'edJ,c.r,oo.r,'eu[eodog orr crrorr JorBarane.r,udu Lrrfcu 'gounrodu gedu goxr'od.lc c cnou regrsrgsxg 'seosucH nedx o.renrrr4n oJo ro lrrw g r,rnrrno,Lcced en cr -ou sluhodlc.Lo uru uwrrel,av r4wrqHgoucou ltocrou d[ -xcan axYeodog ou s,Lzl'od,r,codu rsnodo,Lcgosalrnr C 'gm xdasou q,LorotrBu Barrorr rsuodoJc &rorrhoHHerr'C ' zxnactreri rsHodorc go,rztdtr c arrnrodx err norol.,t 4rsdlco d.nodolc ordnr'onenan BH warg 'crtou sd.rdHs 'dnodo.r,c ordnr'onenerl s.LdH.ree en rarrnac[en oV Bcno[ nedx.r,o ncfuradu s,rd.n,roYo11 'exro.rA unmodn nedx oY .r,o .ttxrractrenorztnsreHoleraVs,LeraVc' ulr)rcol,cee nonod -o.Lc gau)r{zn laYz{.ggrsdo,ron 'cnou alrnox wor H 'dxodolc ordeafrr4r H cnorr sldndeursg 'llruroJulr[ ou runo,rd sleead3 'wrN g otr lrx 'r{rc g'I nxcztuzdu suserco'Bcnou -cduradu s.r,eeadtro11 rs[Hou s,rfir'od,Lceg'ztxcddua nonodo.lc {roHhoueuera en[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[ennodu en gaeedodn uusutt ou cBorr s.r,r{.n.ro3 'rNI\I oV - xrre.r,a[ xlqHaoHco H 'wrN g I o[ - ocBorr en :r,rncduttdu sleeadtrou onnorcoll 'Bclrou r{.rrodc.,r,c s som eH }Ixclt'undu s&uxcor,L.deg'gere,r,etsxrquaonco ilo crorr s.r,zt udaa,r,g 'wc g'I som H rxc.d.uudn sesefi'crou q.lr'etndn 'ra]r 'ururreJ,ruoeadcoc 'raxhacfen rsHerelc -raw q.Lr4r,Lcal^Isoc lrodo.ron Btt 'eadc oJa roJ srHged.{ 'arcalNg uweHodolc rnr,nrsganrr uutnrrB,rav uNrqHsoHco c aBoII qJI'ru{orc
.AIIIqHOIN I'C.LABV A}I

-wodx ou xc.{nradfl 'wc A'1 s,lrsg exx{roY 'raxmodx.lau e[.r 'rsnodo.Lc gor c acrou en soucduudu enudra111 'uxruodn sroVs nonodolc groxodram oarrog ae suxcord. 'd.crou n d.nVerrrrodus.lzerxudll 'xfruox oJa BH eouc^d.rrzdu eag 'ecrou anrarf ou Erouhor^rodx4oaearx nocdx r,r,eeadl,6 lrnVerxodu
fr,uonrrcorc !r olo,laodu rO 'Bqrum eu,tgey

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fruourrcouc u o.ro'rcodu rO'$qrrlm urrl(gey

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Cra.rars cpeabr MeruKoBrrlrbl IuBoM urrapznofi 1 cnr, SaKpenJrrrffnpr,r aroM yroJrKrr. 06nrerarr cpesbr MerrrnoBrrubr. flprayrroxr,rrb KapMaH c Jrr4rleBoftcroponbr rrepeo p rr oyT rolrc14 Jrb Hrrrc. flpopeeHofi xapuan B Karrr Ha MerrrxoBlrue B paopeae (puc. 1286). HarcnaOnofi, rcapm,an, Har"nagnrre KapMaHbr Moryr 6rrrr rnagxznnu, c 06ra.rxofi no BepxHeMy cpesy, c oBaJrbHbrM Hr{JfiHraM KpaeM, rroJrHocrrro o6pa6orannrre o6ra.rroft, c o6oprcofi, 6eirxoilr nu6o c orBoporoM. O6pa6omrca ena1rcoeo HarcnaAHozo rcap,MaHa Hauerr,rrr Ha KapMaHe Jrvtnuur Bepxuero, Hr{}rcHeroz borcosrrx crn6on, [pr{ oroM repxHzfi crrn6 name.ralor rra auqeuofi r{ raauaHorrnoficropouax (on paBerr4-5 cwr),a ocraJrbHble - ToJrbKoHa JrrrrleBoft (ouz paBHbr rrrT4pfiHe crpoqxr{ Hacrpaqr,rBaHrrffrrJrroc 1- 1, 5 cwr). flpr,rrauarr rc BepxneMy crra6y co cropoHbr t4BHaHRr,r rrpoKJraAxy Ha paccroffuvtuO,L cM or crn6a r.rJrrr [pr{KJIeg;ra npegoxpauer4TbfiporcJra,4orruyro rrcaub (S.nr.ree.rrran) rrnff Bepxuero cpeaa or pacrff)nenna (pnc. L29 a). O6merarr nepxnnfi cpeo B rrJrorubrx ocbrrrarorqvxcff
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flpr,ryrrcncprrb KapMaH. Halrerzrr pacfioJro*ceHpre KapMaHa Ha noJrorrxe. Hawrerarr KapMaH Ha noJrorrxy Ha paccroffHl4tr 0,L cnnor rrrBa nacrpa.rtrraHrrs. Hacrpounrb KapMaH Ha noJrorrry tuBoM rro Mo,qeJrr{,
nOAKJIaAbIBafl CO CTOpoHbI I{3HaHI{fi yCIIJILITeJII{ IIOA

yr.rrbr I{ BaxpenJrt{fi }rx c nzqerofi cropoHbl BepxHT4e SaKperrKaMr,r. flpryrror*r,rrb rcapMaH c r4crraHo-rHofi r4Jru c Jrzqenoft cropoHbr rrepea rrpoyrrorruJrbntrrc. O 6p a6 o m rca rcq,p.tw aH a c o 6 a Jlbt+b LilL Hu ?,c r{u tw Kp&eM o6mavrcoit. 9ra o6pa6orrca rrpr{Meuserca rrpu uprpr4rre rrrBa HacrpaquBanyrs.KapMaHa 6o.rree 0,5 cu. Hawrerrars Ha KapMaHe JruHvru BepxHero cru6a (4-5 cnnor cpeaa), 6oxosrrx rur Hr{rfiHero oBaJrbHorocrrz(0,5-0,7 6on cwror cpesoo). Ilprarauarb R Bepxuennycrra6y co cropoHbr r{BHaHKlr IIpOrCJraAKyVrlrvr [pHKJreUTb rrpoHJraAorrHyroTKaHb ($;rnae;run) l.ns npeAoxpaneur,rff Bepxnero cpeaa or
pacTff'KeHr{fl.

' nenrdeu s.rurror,lfzdg 'lrnrexuedxee rsHodorc c xrr nrrrfrradxee ra 4oaehzr rsr.r.d.aranxdaa fou nraourncA unneHer2r c rearstrBruyou 'raratrow ou ntosm ztnr'orou en rrewdex rl,unodlce11 'ruuesuhedr,cen Bsm,Lo wc I.0 r{r{Hnorcced en rtgrrorou en nerlrdex irrrar^rH ' allhorforr en enenrdell orlualrcoronced <rrr,rJorlreH ' nerrudex s.r,v ncor.tdudll 'AlrhBrgo ra unelrdex rsrl^ ennxdas q.Le,Lanulrs u <.r,lf.ndaarsg 'rtrc l'0-9.0 - Br{HsLrhB.L -go Bsm enradu111 '4onr'odlc gonVo rseadc urrr*xrcvrr n arqsortog 'gonelrdux rsr.rd eznxdeg irrhergo '(7g1 'crd) ,rJ Z-g'I en ncrtuudu 4znxdau rxhergo r{fi -eeadc rarrunxdas nesrsdxadarr 14LrrlrreHodol,c rar,{rsselrur zne.r,aYtresrstrBrxd'd.nerarden x .{.nrrel,gosl,u.lar,rudg .(rrc f_g nlrhe Jgo enradum) rtnr'e.lgo orztngodnVo[ s.r,BJar,tr gO 'zinodo.r.c orz(aalrnr BH Bgr{Jc ouanxdae rar,ru -r{rr ou ncdundu ufinxdas rugra.redeu .aogr,r.rc xrqsotr -og rlBrrurrrr ou goHewdex rsrlrt elrnxdag <rreheJgo ' urrueeadc wrlnlRlrr{ rI <rrBron[go- xrrHB]rJ xrsurJcdem rI ufirssoxog c a.Lcorus xrlso}tram s tq.Lrrtodrcee - xrfgBlr,t xtrlrgo.r s .xrtH[r Bcxnffloruurlrco xnr{roru s eadc 4raxxdaa qreJawgg
G8l'cetd

Aruoulmorc n o.rolcodu rO'aqeum

undgey

vLz

O6pa6orrca Aera;refi rrgAeJrrfi

275

O6pa6ornrco. rcapmaHa c o6opttott Hannerrars Ha RapMaHe Jrr2rrrlrfi Bepxnero crz6a (4-b cru ot cpesa), 6oxoaux n Hr4)r(Hero crr,r6os (0,5-0,7 cM or cpeaon). flpzravarb K Bepxuervrycru6y co cropoHbr trorraurr,t lpoKJraArcy vrJrvt IIpr,rKJreuTb rrpoKJra,4oqHyroTKaHb (@.rruae.nun) R.ns flpeAoxpaHeHrrfl BepxHero cpeaa or pacTfftrceHr4.ff. O6ryrerarr nepxnufi cpea B [Jrornbrx ocbrrraroul[xcff rKafiffx, B ToHKLrx rKanflx - gacrpoqrrrb, B rrreJlKoBbrx En rrrepcrflHbrx - o6rvrerarr BMecre c 6oxosbrrvrv. vr rl.vrznHrrMcpeSaMu. O6pa6orarr o6opry. flpzwrerarr o6opxy K KapMaHy, yrcJraAbrBas,qeraJrrr Jrr{rleBbrMr{ cTopoHaM[. flpn arou nepxnnfi o6pa6orauttstft n no4ornyrrrfi sa L,5-2 cM Ha r{BHaHKy rpaft o6opxu AoxoA}rr Ao Bepxnero crz6a (puc. 133). fleperHyrr nepxnzft npurycx rro BepxHewrycrz6y, yxJraAbrBaff ero rroBepx o6opxn, ra o6ra.rarb Bepxuve yrJrbr KapMaHoB, 6oronsre n lelatxuvtit cpeabr o4nofi - 0,5-0,7 cnn. crpourofi. TTTraps116 rusa o6raqurBanurfi. Brreepnyrb 14 BbrMerarb BepxHue yrJrbr lcapMaHa rr cpeabr c o6opxofi. flprayrroxcr4TbKapMaH. Hamernrr pacrroJro*ceHnercapMana Ha rrororrne.

Puc. 133

'(e

rrc "H BgltJC Orr/rHlrrf e8 qrl.ItroxBS Hax{ror u}rh.L 7-8 -9o eadc r4rqHH.r,ogedgo granxwll 'r*eedc eznxdes rres - ranaadrt ra rarrue nodo,rc z r,{rsse[ nt utte teY resrs Veru/i t g rude x de adc .,{.rirr anx de g x d.rrrru,rgo sl,e.r,ar,t r,r d11 'goutrerxodu c e,rcalrg pr)rhrgo eadc granrrurr (ranexl, tr,f,coy[arrnco rruolr -orc .Lo lr.rcowracllaee a) s,tunodrcee vfiturqrfiorrgo 'nraraezrQ sluarxrldu urfiryt r -h,rgo enodo,r,cgouhouerrell n ztxfernodu slr,rrrorrq '(ueadc.Lo wc g'I*T) sogra.Ic xrqsouog r/r oJoH)ffrlrH '(luc /.0-g.g corru e.rodos.ro enudr,rm onsed egr,rrc o[ eeadc ro olrurrorc -ced) eglrrc olarxdag uvrnvrlranenrdex BH irJr,r.Lar rBH wotaodoglao ? nHoatdoxt DxlaogDdgo ' dx gag r.l,uncorl"l{ladll 'ruc l'0-9'6 4onzdnm ruosm <rruhrgoog -r4rrrlc L'O-g'Oelekrxuag gedx 4znxdeu sld.n,roVo11

fgt

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.BHBIAT,

-den xnrnnarJztdxue BH r,rxgog gu.rc sldnral,g Kocolr ' sd,rdus lrolrueuslr ga g dx or.d.corr aostrs s.r,lrncor.rde g 'renraodxYou ogurr 'reaox og -ur qrrqg ,Laxcofiredol,on 'd.xgag ,lorf.esrorcz nndogo 'goudogo c en o.Lcaws o.Ll' 'rNoJ s rr4o,Lcocar,rhr4rfSd -er,tden rx,r,ogedgo fircoHqrorBsoforcou BHhr4JorBHB golr4ag c eHenrdeu ran,rogedgosr,tcoHqrareaotrercoll ?oTqag c ouoardo)r 0Jrlilog0dgo ' nenrdex sJ,raxcor J,dr,rd11' znrex -ladxee rsHodolc uosalrur c xrr nnrrrrodnee u rsr.r.d.ar,rH -xdas lou urel,rarrac^[ utrnBugra c resrstrBruYou .r,rc 1.6 r,lrosm r{,xr'orou en nenrdeu sl,rarrodlce11
'ItuHBSIuIrtBd,r,CeH SItr .LO

4oHzdnm

r,lrc I'0 ur{Hrto.Lcceden dnrronorr BH nerrudenirreror rH


{luonrrona n o.ro.r.codu lO'Bqrfim uxfgey

9LZ

O6pa6omca Aera;reft r{BAeJru,ff

277

O6ra.ram aepxnuft cpeg KapMaHa ruBoM ruuprnoft 6orcosoro crrE6a, 0,5-017 cM LI BepxHEe yrJrbr rro Jrrrrrr4r{ Ilogpeaarr rroB,qo 0,5-0,7 cryr. Cra.rars rro AraarogaJrr{rrlt}rcHrie yrJrbr rcapMaga. yrJlbr Bsrnepnyrb r{ BblMerarb orBopor r4 Hr4}rcH}re KapMaHa. Savrerars Ha rrggagor{Hyro cropouy 6oxorrre fi Hrltlrcnzfi cpearr KapMaHa. flprayrroxcrrrb HapMaH. Oronnyrn orBopor Ha Jrr{rleByrocropony tro ilulrrvlr BepxHero ctu6a rr BblMerarb ero. flpzyrroncz rb orBopor. Hauerr,rrr pacrroJrorrenl{e KapMaHa Ha noJroq$e
TpeMfl SHaKaMIuI. KapMaH Ha rroJrotlrcy Ha paccroffrrl{Ir Hamerarr 0,1 cu or IuBa HacrpaqnBar.ufi.

Puc. 134

'arrHh,tgo r.r - prrJorr arsnead aHvmEW en 'or^d.nrt.r{ds arsnue,Lorlrgo -odn.loreraV ztnncal,ceg H rroxcz{.ur,rdu c rlraneVelr6 'exc^(uradu oJoxrer eog zrr.r .d.xxcel,cee BH lnoxcz{.uzdu c rsHeodtrrirs <rrrlrgl,.{^row rvra[era erroceQ ,LolrJcor rrlrcr4sea g .e[adeu rsnzvadec vrurnurlr.r,o drrodo.lc a enalneruc qrrrg ,r,ax{oruorsra[ow c rurua&c.Lasrooc s )rx{a,LcE8xrr.rre[era xrrdo.roxan g 'rsHodolc goaedn c elnran.r,orouo.ranVedau rsHraVadec vruruurr.t H ouhor oualr{ororrced s.rrsg ontrro? 'Bltzao.Idu ne.LdH.Ia.rcee rc.ruVoxen aV.r .rarrar orfr.H 'ouraouoll gosar en uYadau rsHntradaa nuldvrrr oII JorBs -rmudu ratredaus rs|rzao.rdg .oaedueu Bsarc - o]rHlrilc En B 'ogarerr egeduc elnunl,orou nrenVederrrt rcraesr,rJ -oficee 'orrnsdu )r)r (etr)ffoYo reucnax .denrzduell ' errz gedu arqdo,r,oxanqrcr4 ucorc rancor.rado,l rLr -cu tqlrnso.rztu z r4rfrou H ]ra${a,Lcee r4r4xarwdo$o g .re -qrog qlr,r2lHor ree 'trrrolt xe]r 'l,r}t]ffal,cee ordtnornrsercoc ord.rre.r, oJ 'qlnsanrea oulrcow rsfirasoldu Idlrco ouHVO '('tr ',r ,tfrEgnn Ira u]rhorerr) rsfinuo.rrtu o,ra]nornHar^re -oJarr alr alna raru Irr,rgo.I.{tu - am r4irro,toil 8}I r{}t}IcaficBS -del,c onsra.LrrhHg'onaeflau orqrroJrrcouro qcurrr4anorr prLr <( Hrfow ))_r4 g .aolrBzda&ew xlslHrrr,rrceffexdaac )rEcarcB xrsHgrrewadsoc eu rrttlroYeu rT Vxcatro rennce,ronrzd,r rfHhr4lcerreoxocrqs,rorBrsercoc ar{Hahorrmrcq .f.nuce.r, -ce raoilru 'orusgdrt ]I]r 6ef]r{o[o rennar,radaoc rcg urfrafl '(g ' 'crzd) eeadsed s wo,Lodos.loc ner,nde3,1 791 ' nenrde x s.r,rarrorr,f.zd11 'vr,rexuaduee rsHodorc gosalrrar c rsr.r^. ar,rnxdag sJ,nuedxee ur'tilrarr4tnacz{.rsr.rd aznxdas [ou uunen .rar -ell rsHodolc oc BesrqYerntrou r,r.r,odosilos.rtu,ro.l,o -oVow oil rllosm r{.ur'orou en nerrudeu sl,r,rnod,rce11
,tr,tonncorc n ololcodu &0 .Bqr,rrm.eurtgey

aLz

O6pa6orrca Aerarefi ugAeJrrrfl

279

- HaBec[;ra aa4e;rnfi6es fipunycrca Ha Bacre]fiKy Hbre - lra Bbrraqrroro rrruypa (pyaura), Boa.qyruHbre'
BbICTpOtIHbIe.

flernrn Molyr 6rrtr pacfioJroxceubl BeprrrxaJrbno' ropuaonTaJrbmo vrnrn Harrcxocb (no4 yr.noM K JrvIrluIvl cepe.qr4Hbr), Ho crporo [apaJrJreJrbno oAHa 4pyrofi (puc. 135 a). B raa4e.ruax cno6o4noro rtoxpoa penoMeH,qyercff,qe[eTJrr{, a B uSAeJrr{gx, frpl{JreraroJrarb BepTrrKaJrbHbre u{ux no Srarype, HarrporrrB, rop[BoHTaJrbubre.

mpE3oETaJrbBoe pacrroJrotfteEtre EeTntr

BepTrxilbEoe pacnonoxesue neTJru

rocoe pacroJrorr(eBHe

trelnr

Puc. 135

'nucg'6 een -aviraH redn ae,ro snud.rcro 'aHrrsordo.r x ax{r{rg qJ,r,rJ, -corfic rzrrr{ FrHrrsordo,r vrvtnvtt.r,o z el,dog redu ,r,orarart -rolcced y[osouHlr[o en q.Lr4]r{oro[ced onucor;tolrrau gonn+oJcea c xrnraVera g orornxdag r.luusordol oV 'xrqrclfo,L nrftr - rNcg.I ufirururouexr xr{}ruor nrtr rrucI corrrlr rsfizsoa.du edl,alr -EEratr aHursorrofi vrtv rs[uso,r.du ,{.d,rar,rer[ ftongd .uurr -nol,cced en e,ldog rudx ,r,orrcrorJerrorrced aVragrruos -oJoJ g r.rrf,rau rolr]ffa,LcBe4onr,dogztsr c xl'raraYel4 g 'eVadau rsHnVedoc vrfitrvt orr o.rodl,c BcrorJerronced vr,r,an arsruqrxra.r,deg .(rsh -raso.rd.[ r]rlro,rc rrI/) eldog rtHodo.r,cs - nrc V,O-Z,O eE yr Bam oJosonog ztnodorc s etradall rsHnradaa rulurH'vllf, ro rfc,LolJeronced ralrrail arlco}I r{ arqHqrfe,t -noendo.r lrolrlrcaJ,ceegronl,dogonVo c xrrara[ez g 'rNc 8'0-g'0 JanrseJ,coc H r4H)rJrsHr,rhroJ ro wrcrds -ea r4rrlerr 4oHh,rgo rrV rzxnied envdra1n .ltswed s sou -er,ndexdurn.r ou 'zrrueunBlgo rtrfrorr relxcex BcrasrqJ -egedgo o.lrr'.dlrroloil rcrasrqaH nrrrarr 4roHhergo 'uu&au eeadeed nrc[ endarru nerNrrVoxgo -en nc,r,zr.d.rforror 'wc g'0 s.t:.ztegudn regntc ],/.aur]F.urv u r4olfJr,r zivrraw orrHrtorccd srudewgfi .IlBrouou ^rtx -corrorrq.Lr4)r{orrc r4rrcg .UovJvrq.r,orouc {rodo;,on rshHou 'z,rer,ri{.ggrocororr dfir,rsoldl s.l.,ftrdego onxcdn 4oxed ' Irr,raol.(u xrsr.rl{.d x 14 rftr wo HIlteeu I wrsuhrs goaH q Haho a hzeoldu srY Hrleu drrprrV s&rErefadfio rirgoJh .drudoS ordnrrues,go ordr.rddno roav[r4 e[raso.rdu r,rrca .wc g.g Lrrrvt'rlexcorfrr Ho I4rca 'rNc :eur,rlnro& aa aorrru rsII 9.0 -IIso"r.{tII ^dd.r,arruevr ensed rzrrfJau enrnrfi' {roneadodu 'uo,rdog qroxrog -edgo Yedeu gau)r,t xlt.rturscorfgyir r4rrrrxur,zturqcan era xrttrraVgrl rr - arqHhrgo 'grauBul, xnrr.d.urscen xrvrrr -atreu xrqso,toJ eH rolltHrfonrcrs I1IrJoII oTIHHBTAIAT9O .t(wonxorc n o.ro,r.codu J,O.rr.rrilm eu,tgey

08z

O6pa6ouca Aeranefi uBAelr*rfi

281

Ec.nz vl:.4enrfiec rro;rcoM r,rJrvBafipaBJrflercfl n ro6ry, 6proxu, To oAHy r,la rrerefib pacrroJraralor Bbrrrre JruIr'uuI TaJrullaHa Berrvr'4unry1,5 ilrr4plurubrrroffca, a B ne.4elrvr' ffx, rrpr{Jrerarcu{nx no $nrype, - Hd ypoBue rrrcorcoft Ha L-2 ctvtBburre; a raxtrce Ha Jrtrnvrur TorrKt4rpyAlr vrJrvr
TAIrUtUt,

B uegenraax c JraqKaHaMH(ornoporannu) nepxnrcro


NCTJIIO 14 IICTJIIO IIO JII4IIUU TANUfiI HAMEIIAIOT HA NPI{.

Mepne. flocne DToro r,rsMeprrror paccroffHlte MelrcAy HVMr[ ll .qeJrflT rroJryrreunyrc quSpy Ha rlr4cJro rrereJrb MIz-

uyc 1. nenl,Jru O6memarurubLe


Eo.nsurrrncrBo IIOAKJIAAKA. [popeonbrx frereJrb BblnoJlnffercf npOKJIa,{Ka H CKBOBb BCe CJIOIIITKaIII: BHeIIIH'fig TKaHb'

rlro6rr flpaBraJrbnoBbrrroJrnrrrb rrpopeouble o6vrer:anHbrerrerJrlr (pzc. 135 6), na,qo Ha JrnqeBofi cropone aaHaMeTllTb MecTa pacrroJroxeHr4rrneTeJIbIIo AoAeJrLrfl .nenofi uJrlr lo[epe.{Hoft la-utrw. Ecau rKaxb Jrerno ocbrflaercg, cHarlaJrarry)rcuo o6Merarb rcpaa 6y4yrqefi nernu, a aareM rrpopesarb orBepcr14e. flepe,q o6wrerusaHr{eM fipoJloxc?rrb Koporxlde cMeTOIIIIbIE CTE}fiKI{ C PACCTOffHI{EM ME}ICAY KPOMKAMLI

nerJrr{ 0,1 cm, aaxBarbrBafl cJror{ Trcaur o6pa6oraHnoro 6opra. Sarerr, He orpbrBaff HHTRy, rrJrorHo o6merars KpoMKr4 [ereJrbHbrMr.r cTe)rcKaM[ oAar{axoBofi 4.rrunu.,{.na o6paaoeanus cre)fiKa rarJry BBecrlr B TKaHb Ao [oJroBr,IHbr AJrr,rHbrcBepxy BHlrB, BaxBarbrBaa 2*5 nztefi traHII B SABUCIIMOCTI{ OT OCbIIIAEMOCT}I.

Ha ocrpufi KoHeII prrJrbrrranurHyrb crrpaBa HaJreBo rrrrrKy, tlAyrrlylo rr3 yruKa r4rJrbr, .rro6br o6paaonanacr rrerJrg, r,rBarJrHyrl, ee or ce6a nnepx rr cJrenxaB cropoHy, BbrpaBHrrBascTelrcoR.

-atrc u'ruc Z'0-g'g ao[non otr neeado[ on 'urlred as -utradecou .d.xr'el,golr srJal/ ordnsouco s,reaadodll 's,rr4 reVlt Aul,anien'qJ,uuadxee ranrtod,rcrsIrgox' Hod 'zxlrud -orc err gonlo rqnrnYadoc,ro dxr'od.r,c nBHt4r.BH ztdut.lnox ou s.Lfir'odl,codu rsuodo.Lc rrouhoueugu C 'sle,Larrur,rdn'r4rrau urr,r,ar,taed \4avftturttc .{rrr,r[adac ae relnanisoc 'rrulroYen anodol,c Eroaalur x pronodol,cgos -efrnn dxr'e.r,go .r,Luucorr4dll 'Erocolr ofi utlrfi r,rrpru gros -aroY on s,Luodxrre dnne.r,g6 'nnr,ted,{nradum u AsuttY - gouhouHerr BH 'qrarail Br,rHatRorfouced eJ,cenluR[ -Blruca&cr,rrrurqnr'ofurnodu qJr{ror^rH ljutrafreu enodo,rc goaalrur H golrhrgo gontro lrrr,lar rxaogudgo rr[' ntlaau anHh0'rilgo ' dul,zn orrtr,cro.r <IHohos.LnucorVou oglrcoyir rnnrodu r,rl,cox.r,cauc Eamqrog rr[, 'wcIs ulr$carc [ou rrHr4lrrrfor .LorucnaBs sox 0z-8I ,Lanrsrcoc r{ }ro,LrrH -trca.r,c BroJcIa'qrsuJnJe xpr ondaruonad'e.rdd[,r,o rztdtr u eeadc &o rdrrurro.Lccudnroaonennlo H <rrJrou 'ranrrodn ir.LBJon -ced or,nztroxgoau rrol,e radu rlrxco'r,C -9o r IaJBe E 'ktlawvrlrr4oHHoFrawBH orr o.rod.r,cqHHr q,rBg -edeed rrhelrc :ahHrr orrrJ,arrs,relogedgo ou)rcotr\I
' uwenltodx UT IFIHIT,I.

-ogudgo rwdstr dlncarruraruelrlrnrron ranirsdrco r{rNrr}ruo,L r4rt4 r rausear qHHr sJeeadeud alrrroJr4ou onl,eddlr)r r! melnedex sueu.l [ou slu]ftontrou '(r,to.rddY a urcosrqs 'Ironolr nuVo s nr,caaa) ur,rexnrodu ea rttrrranr dxro"ru urcoss lrrfrorr goso.LoJ alrHou g 'rrHx.L t4yrrrrorfc rrwdeV utVxam z{.xlun s.Lrnrrodrreelr dxuadnee orddo.r,s s.Ler -eV3 'unruodx lroadeil nsrrrsxea aH orr 'ordnlorng fiH)rca,rcBears[eruodu'dnnrodx orddo,rs <rrBJarrgo ' rlH )rr yrro'lBsx8c III IBXIIiIS rr,rred,r,rnrrtatr xu qr[rasgou 'utxwodx souxcarc aauHr4rtr eeed.7 s <rlrrg rsrrucroV ersdolou'Ltrrexucalc uy[rqHhodauou Br^red.L -rrru/tsVrf.nuadnee s.LuraVc uxniodn 4osdeu alrnon g
f.ruoxxcorc u olo,rcodu rO crqrrrrtr eufgey

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O6pa6orrca,qeranefi ugAeJrlrff

283

Jrarb HaAceqKrI K yrJraM paMlcu, He ,qopesan 0,1 cu. Paepea MolKHo o6vreratr ronxofi KalpouoBofi nvrnoft. Brrnepnyrr o6tauxy tlepea fipopesb nerJlrr Ha nBHaHOIIHYIO CTOPOHY AETAJII4, ruBbI OTOIHYTb B NPOTI4BOIIO'

Jrolrcnyn npopeora cropoHy. Ha .nur1eaoft cropone ea


C'TCT O6TA'TKV BbIIIYCTI{Tb C ABYX TIPOTI4BOIIOJIO}ITHbIX

ruraprarrr, BaKpblBacropoH paMK?rrcarrrbroAIaHarcoBorl rcilIrre ee. Sawrerarb r4x KocbIMI4 crelrdraMv. C zanana o6ta.rnoqnofi croponbr B KoHrIax rrerJrn BaJrolrcrulTb rr Baxperrr4TbrEx, aa$zrtczKe Bcrperrubre cxJraAorrrcrr poBaB rrrt4prtny HaHToB, a c JrnqeBoft cropoHbr cKperruTb r4x rpectoo6paanblMl/t crelrcxaMra.Vro.rrxraB KoHqax npopearr nprrxpe[rrrb K o6ta.rrcaryr BpytlHyro IJIII
HA MAIIII4HC.

fler.nv neo6xo4uuo npr{yrrofictrrb c zsHaHo.ruofi croponbr Aer alru:, yrJrbl o6ta.rex BaKpyrJrl4Tb, rrpl{KpeKpecroo6paanrrr o6raqxu K lraAeJrrlp KocbIMu l,rJrr,r
HbIMLI CTE)ICKAMIT TAK, IITO6bI OHLI HE 6r,TN},I SAMETHbI

c azqenofi croponbr. flepeg reM KaK rrpopeBarb nerJrlo co croponbr rroA6opra, HytKHo npoJIoEcI{Tb Boxpyr Hee cMerorlHbre cepeArrubr, crelrcrclrHa paccrofluuu 2-2,5 cM or JrvrrluIut B HarlaJrorI Koueq [erJrra BBecrkr6ynanxz, orpaurauuBaroqve ee AJrnHy. floc.ne ororo cAeJrarb paapec, He 4opeoas go 6y.nanox 0,2 cM, Ha ypoBue 6ynanxut paopeg Barcontllrrb yroJrxoM. Cpeeu Borpyr rIerJIr{ rroAoluyrb BHyrpb I{ [oArnHTb x o6ra.rxe cre]rcnaMlaqepea xpaft urarxaMr{ B ToH r4sAeJrua.C uaHauorruoft croponrr nerJrrnnp[yrK]qepes npoyTro}Icl4JrbHI{K. )rc?rTb .{la o6pa6orxu rrerJrrr AByMs o6raqrcaura Ha Jlrrqenofi cropoHe rrsAeJrrzff[poKJIaAorIHbrMr{ cre}r(KaMrr HaMeqaror MecTa pacnoJlo}IceHlagneTeJrb, ux AJrI{Hyr{ IIIupHHy paMnr{ o6ra.rHofi rrerJrkr.Sareu or nuuzft, orpaHI,IIIIIBAIOilIIX IIII4PI{HY PAMKII, BBCPX II BH[I3 HAAO OTJIO-

'golrh,f,go gonro aulogedgo lrdu xen 'oxc BBHB.L zrfJarr vxl.ogudgo irrcon -sraresoVorrJou nemgauirrufl''uxrued anudzm en -dsr.d.xvVnaudau irrnrg Hu{rots exrold prranaruad}ree, udu exr'od.r,3 'enumv\r H nru or^r{.nnddsrrueu}'e,L -go )r s,rrauadxudu fieadodu xuirnox s nuroJ6 'gedx aader' r{rlre}rx{o.l.c s,Llruedxc rrrrJau xelrnox s xohergo rrgnJc B 'rq.lnx srr4aeduced 'llre,Le[ r{.Hodo,rc ordnr,on -Buert H rrrrrarr seadodu eadar' fi]rhrgo s,ld.ndaarsg 'wc I'0 reeadof ax ')ror'odlc rrefinon x r,rxr'acfun rl,enaY3 'rrucg'0 uah -odl,c so[Hou oV neeadoV an 'rqrrodol,c gonr'ouHer{ c sreJ,af ordnaorco ql,eeedodu'.d.ulews erareY6 '(ao,rnex xzf.sff anr,rdram onsed rsHodo.Lc gouhouHerr c lrrr]rr'od.r,c
I{I/iIIqHHIImer,rr dVfrCar,t OIaHIfOJCCEd lrsHUdUm 4OgOUH

-raVosl,rrg rsux{roV rs,rnen) go.rddtr a 'xdaas lronodolc gaHlrcrrHsre.LaV sfudasou 'trArare B 'rqnodo.r,c4ronVo c Brfhrrc ulrhBrgo saurrod,Lczdu rc.lefvHarlro]rod 'uxr'od.rc Kotsrrex 'ttvurlJ.urT.t wrsHsrod,LHox hanox Ilr orfhH nnrfledxee
wIqHHOrla}\IBH OII S,LnhOdICeH I4)IhergO'<ICIArfirCAnI

-aoc firrarr rrtvtra'urr arsuqrodruo]r rr ]rarrrgo rrgfiJc rrg -o,lr' ')rr vllllraYeu dnodo,r,c oru{.sa[Lrr rr xtl q,tfi]r{orfH z rsuvrrV 4onxcd.n lllrhrgo H aa q.r,eeedeedwa'r,g 'rIlrcoIf -ou gr4Jc vruruvrv onsrerrederr ortrHtrlr ord.nsrod,ruox ralcasodu n (wc rrrrr.toilrH)r d.nradum qruxc ?'0-g'0) -orrro egvrJc rO 'qJ.ktlrcor.rd.ee gu.rc 'sdrdug 4onodo.rc lrouhoxrrevt yrrerfouofisroYs aa sru]rcorro .rNcg-g gor{ -r,rdum lrgB]rr .(ncoron or.dsaroV ord.nnranV srrusoroJeg Hohrgo rr[' 'r,rc g-g - enrzdum 'rrucg corru Hxr,nud anurV ensed wrrorr un.r,ogedgonr[ Hahlgo envrrfl 'rrc 'a',1 'raxyrdrsnr,rdzmoHzsorou 7'0-g'0 orr orrtxsed' (mnnratr arsHsrod.Luox ) ao,r,ne x z{.n r,rd ra m qr rur}r{
Alnoxl*orc n o.ro.r.codu r0'rq.r,um eufgey

v8z

O6pa6orxa Aera.nefi uaAeJrutr

285

Pynurcoaale nernJlu A.ns nrax neo6xo4rntro SanoroBrrrb Bbrrarlnofi Irmyp' pyJrr4n. Kocyro noJrocny rraur4 (6efiry) ruupznofi 3 cu, BbrxpoeuHyro rIoA yrJroM 45'r nr'rraM ocHoBbIr43ocHoBnofi nnu orAerotlnoft txaur, xopouo orraHyrb yrroroM, cJroxcr,rrb BAoJrb rrotroJraM .nrzrlenofi croponofi BHyrpb r{ rpocrpolnlTb Ha paccrosHrru 0,3-0,5 cM or crr,r6a B BaBr4cllMocrrror roJrIrILrHbrrrcaHr{ (pzc. 136 a). Ha ,I[.ns aanoJlrreHllff pyJIvKa ocraBl{Tb np}rlycr rrroB B 1,5-3 paaa 6olure' rreM paccroflHl{e or crz6a Ao crporrrn. B4err B yrrrno ruseftHofi r{rJlbr cJlo}rcenHr4TKy,Barcpeul,rrbee Ha cru6e rKaHfi Lt ryHyro B,4Boe rrpoTaJrrtrrBarb I,rury Brrepe,4BAoJrbpyJILrrrbrM KoHTIOM ero BblBopaquaaa(puc. 136 6). [ocrerreHHo Ka, Pynzx ?rBToJrcrofi rxasra craqarb pyllHbrM crrocoBAoJrb cJIolKr4Tb 6orr. Kocyro 6efiry lrzpnnofi 25 rvrrvr rrorroJraM IIBHaHoqHofi croponofi nnyrpr, no.4orHyrb cpeobr fi flpourtrrb Bpytluyro cre]rcxaMl{ qepes xpafi (prc. 136 n).

Puc.136

HxcroV nedol,ox .nr,Lorr rldllftrs Ho]rcorrouced enrar -ztd nr.rneazr.erc som .rsfiuso.rdu ed.r,anrezY g.0 _ afus rlrosoJoJ s urJar rocrqs B .rqlrzsoJdu dd.lalrevv onged rrrrrarr goVncen enur.[d zlrefinon dtrnceruauHnoJcced
'I^IAI4IfOVSU C

rrlnaHr4trooc som BH y\ra corru r,rIc c(xrrrr rsIrraso.r 9,1 9.0 -.r{.u ed.larruekrYg'T eused rErr,Larsr[ euur^d.d enurfl 'lrrceh arsHged en s,reeadeedowrvoxgoen xnndd grsn -Horso,toJg 'krr4Holr(orou ltol-rtnrleH s s.Lumdcrss r,r oJa qrvuxtevaf,utn xurdd sl.d.Hrrodu rrag orr IrtqHBrr.L ord.nn,r,cdam ordnncera qJntrcorou .r,adtrerc e.ror,r,.rt o,rar.ndo.r .r(smotrou en .uardd srll[er.r.Lo rsgorll L8l'cud

z(ruonxorc u olo.r,codu rO.rrtrr,um eufgey

982

O6pa6orrca Aetaleft

rraAeJrrrs

287

prMerb Kpyuryrc, a He BbrrsHyryro Qopnny (pnc. L37 a). Paccrosnrae Me)ftAy rrerJrsMrr [porraBoJrbHoe. Ha npanofi rroJloqne c nuqenofi cropoHbr HaMerurb Mecra pacrroJlofi{ex}rff rrere.rs. Otpeercla pyJrlrra paaMecrfiTb rax, qro6br r{x KoHqbI 6rurr o6pau4enrr ft cpe3y ilororrKur, E ilpuIKpelrr4Tb TpeMs-rreTblpbMff pyqrrbrMr{ cre}fiKaMn Ha paccro,rHrru O,5-0,7 cM or cpesa. fler.nra Motrcuo cAeJlarb r{B qeJroro pyJrrrra, rrpl4MenepeA o6pa6otrcofi uo46oprowr. TonraB ero K rroJrorrKe xufi py;rurc Molrcno rpururrrb r o6pa6oraurroMy Kparo sacrelrcxrr' 6opra c nuqenofi cropoHbr no sceft AJTI,IHe qepeS [poMe)rcyTKII onpeAeJleHrrbre npr4RpenJlsff ero HecftoJrbrttMrt crerrcraura (pnc. 1 3 7 6). flernra Moryr 6rrtr sbrnoJrHenbrraxlrce r{3 rrruypa' cnJrereHuoro nB r{rrrefi rxanv. Taxofi UHVP, He paopeBarr, npfir{peflrrrb K Kparo 6opra, KaK rr tonrrnfi pyJrrrn. (puc. 137 e). Oxn rprrMeutrrorcff Bos1yturtule nen'I.JLu He6otruroro paaMepa rryroBrrq B Bacrerrcxax AIrs u ftproqroB. TarcraerrerJrrr flpl{Aaror naAeJrI{Io}rceucrBeurr HerrprlHylrcAeHrrocTb. JrerKOCTb HOCTb, nerc o4nofi cropoubl HaMerIeHHofi Hurry BaxperrraTb coorJrI{, BareM rrpoJroxtltrt 4-T fipo.qoJrbubrxcre}rcroB, BercTByroqr4x paSMepy ilyroBrrqbr vlJrvtroJroBKe rcploqKa, BaxBarbrBa;r.qBacJrofl TKaHrr. Satenr Hapylrcubrerrpo' o6lreto'rHbrAoJrbubrecrernrctr o6gutr rrereJlbgbrMvIvrJrvI MV CTetftKaMlI, pacuoJraraff rrx rrJrorHo Apyr K Apyry. flepnuft lr [ocJIeAHI,Ifi ctexcxll Banpenr4TbB TKaHrI. Haaecruutenemnu us odmavrcu Tarcrae [erJIIr BbIrroJIHffIor HB [oJrocKrr rKaHIrt' Bbrrrttrn, vJrut url Apyrux Marepuarpoennofi uo AoJreBotrt (ronca, eI T. BaMrrra non A.). ,{.nzna ll rrr[pr{Ha rrereJrb BafiyroBrrqbr. Br{cffT oT Mo,qeJrr{ur BeJIvIqvrIJbI flerwr c o6pa6orxoft ua cn.norunoft yarcoft floJrocrra cJleAyloqunn o6paaovr. flo.nocTKaHfi r4anoraBJlrrBaror Ky cJrol$nre BAoJrb rlorroJraM rrgnaHoquofi croponofi

'ric Z'0 en eoeadc,ro auur(lc.ro .wor -dogvor r golrhoron dVncarru q,r.hrs p:rrar:t_T;"T*r" Irc,Lalrc)ro&e r{rrca's.rr4rrod,f,c.LO . qrr4u{or.r,.tuiu . oredu ou rltlfrarr slJarlg 'r\rc 9.0 gronudum JHBX rirH]rJltoH -horatrJo Hrr4 raoHsoncoar4rdeedgo ,rqsm slraaeduce4 'dnodol,o orz{.safrzr en s,Ldndaarte .(wc g.0 BH r/rrr,Larr errrt s,r,rsgenucrcov eao) znferuYou tsHodo,Lcoc Ltrr.Lau qJh,rgo 'r4HElr.L eraenfelr}r EroHhorfatrrovvut &roHsoHco -[ou Bn Jornurforrns vr.larr arsndd;lrs arrnnod.rcrsg ' gon[enxodu zox.r,ca]rc Jornrrrrodx,{. xra 'qcurgr,rhddrrc es r4uo Flgort- olol, nrV .ourrzJorHe rornHrolrqs aHBHr ulrcorrou zoxodr,rm sr,r r{rrfialf ' e"rddtr,r,o.r.,tdtr uunrol,cced uromqrogan er Vnd g ncloreJerouced rr r{HB}rJ{ro)ruor Boaoxram erilrf cJorlrHroulqs eV;oH . xeued.rg xritlrcHolrc eH &ntrnlfJrrs oHcrrorrrar r8 r{rfrarr evNa o.rongovoll ' raorfirodJ,cr{oHHrrmBWI{If I{ orutnr'dds al,rauednee walue y .dnrdo$ rl,eaoducxus -Be rrgorh 'ruodrr c a.r,sx{or,L.d.Be arrhen s Homorrrx eYras s xfiHsro,r.[ad,r alrnox Brr rfcnr4maeaoeedgg .ran -.r,autadldns rscffeHoaom rilgorh .)rJ xr,r e,r,unladau n rsHur[ raonucltn r,rxeadl,o en dxcorou al,srradee4 .s.Lpru{or.rdradu orr -;,an or.d.nne'logedgg.r{}rcorforranr,rVedac eH urvfi oredn ou som rreJerrorrcd ..dnodo.r,c orztselrzr en sJltHdegrsg .s,tulrod.Lcodu waJ,e 'goaadc ro wc L,O eH sr,ru.d*Lclo rl sd.r,rtna nonodol.a goaafirar rlirorrou srofa dxaor .ar -ou q.ruu{orrc oH}rcotrt'nedx ,Loruc I.0 H sraudlcl,o -rar'od.lcodrrfi 'lruc2.0-9.0 en rseedc sdu.roVou .sdldus
,tmorrlrcorc u o.ro,raodu rO.rqrlrm errr(gey

88A

AEKOPATHBHbIE NPITEMbI

10 A. corxqesa

IIACTb

,{nronatllBHbrE rrPIrEMbr
DySrr
EySu - Aocrarotrno rpyAoeurcuft DJreMerrr Aercopa craJl oAelrcAbr. TaHofi aJreMeHTynparrreur4ff o,qelrc,4br roAbl, r{orAa oco6enno norryJr.ffpnbrMB rlocJleBoeHnbre oAerrcAa,4oJr'fiHa 6rrna 6rrtr ar*cypaurofi rr Bapl,rauTbr ynparrreHu s 6r,tnv Aocraroquo HeMHororII,rcJreHHbr. B or.nr,r.rueor c6opox 6y$rt BbrnoJrHflror rre no Kparo I4eraJrvr, a na cauofi neranrvr. flo cnoco6y BbrrloJrueHrrff paaJrr4rraror 6y$rr o6rrxnoeeHHbre, co ruHypoM r.I <(BaSe.nrHrre,>. By(psr o6rrxnoeeHHbre Bbr[oJrHflIorcg pytlHbrM c[oco6ou (puc. 138 a). Brrno.nngror raxlre 6y$u c rrauanorurofi ctoponrr uap4eilurfl,pacfioJrarafl Idx rro crra6am rrcaHrr cre]rcxaMtr rrepes rcpafi c rHTepBaJroM MeEcAy Hr{M?r0,5-0,7 cu HfiTKaMr4 HoMep l-0, 20. Maurnnnrre 6y$u (prc. 138 6) nunonnffror ro HaMeqeHHbrMJrrrHlrflMc nraqenoft cropoubl AeraJru lrsAeJrprff npr{ uoMorrlrr cner{r4aJrbHoft.nanxlr 4aa c6opox r{Jlrt cJrerna ocaa6us Har,flrrcenlre nepxneft HrITKTI. Txanr upuc6opurb, norffHyB Ba Hurxr4, o6paaonanurueca c6opxr4 paBHoMepno pacflpe,qeJlfirb rro BceMy yqacrxy AeraJrrl. KoHqrr HlrToK axryparuo Baxperrg firrrb. C zanano.rHoft croponbr fipfiurr,rrb rroArcJra.4xy yrrolxar. rxaur. By(bu He ocnosnofi

-er.ecadan x)rho,l xrlrrqlfarflreduu xds[ g !III]I& qrrul'L -Bsxea 'd.nodol,c ordgafrar eH d.r.Ifi ulcaslqs 'rqrrodo,la gouhouHeu c qruuadnee urr.r,raH Alosouram Irsuo!{ '&roneedgooneedgorIBc qrFlg rau{ot[ erudoQ x14 oxexraxou 'V '.r, rolrtulrourta ItSdg EH r x.rolr{Hru '(q 'cud) runar'ecadau xra kruhor qJ,rrJ,av\IBH ousror 6gf Ururldgo.rC}ed. es 'ulzttI'tt rru go.rrtdtr Jo BHyo rrc 9'I-I urcaHBH urrel,a[ enod u arqrHsufetrraldea arqluqrre,Lgoer,rdol -o.r.c4oaafivilr eH (e Ogt 'czd) Sdg ((xrqgillra$u> rr[' 's,Lfiueduee eddnm r,tlore rslruou 'uxdogc s qHxl r.ledgoc 'dztnm s&dnrt,r,s 'rNtlugrr wrIHHoh 'utHxl sl,rxcor[ou ra}tcorfou rleraHc -ay[BHou rsuodoJc c slnr'odlaodn srer,afl 4oaafiur drtnm gr,rlrroJ ra alna qrowpl onncztn 'prHBuJ arrodn 'rrloddnm oc Qdg rrf
88I'orld o

n;atI.u-A

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eu{gey

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293

ft^ffi ,ffi,
a

4..\...
/.'\ '.):-2 r o

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Puc. 139 Trvrg. Jrvrra.urft n aaxpenrzrrb Hrrrry AByMfl-TpeMff crelrcKaMIlt <HaBaA IzrOrKy>, 3areM, ne o6prrnafl HnTKy ?r He SaTgruBaff ee, BbrBecrr{ HIJry Ha nSHaHoqHyIo cTopoHy or(oJro saKpenKrr, a SaTeM Ha JrlrqeByro B TorrKe cJreAyroulero [apaJrJreJrbHoro Pfl Aa, onff Tb cKperrlrTb ABe TOqKn, BbrIIOJIHffg CxpenJreHr4e B rrraxMarHoM rrop.ffAKe, rr T. A. <BaQenrnrre> 6yQrr Molr{Ho BbrrroJrHr{rb r.r Apyrr,rM cnoco6olr. C zaHanoquoft cropoHbr rrpoJro*ct4Tb crelrcKI{, SaXBaTbIBag THaHb B TOuKaX rrepecetleHng, ltranrrafi (pnc. 139 n). CraHyrb Hr{Trct4 4o o6paeoBaHrff <,rapMorrnu)> (pzc. 1"39 r). Kaxc4rre 4na crrt6a cnperrarb c nraqenoft cropoubr I rrraxMaTHoM rropsAKe AByMff-TpeMs cTelrcKaMr{ qepeS xpaft oqenb ronrcofi ruerrcosofi nurrcofi B ToH ocnosHofi

' LroHHsoeradacdanran fi $oHHs. -oe[dacdaru rarxndu era eddHm oloner'ztdx o,roxno.r,e[" 'krrrlkrr - amod27 -vs arqHqrerg s arsrnuarsoJoJera ' urx Lurla o rqHq res]tmrqs arslH${ewd.g so.Lasf xrsu eed -o,Lhxorrx orqrrrHsoar4decdam arrlrJnw - aunttfi147 'r,roderruoll sca,r,grdasc e[.rece o,rh ]rJ' c 'HHarro neeexd woVnceu BH 'oJ dar,ron Horr{H o}rrow -amsesumlqs aH eVlourln 'elrasorah trrV aH{BV aocuem xrrlr)rr4H rau wrlnmdVoHsed Bcirrrco o.ln' golrnol,.r,o r rr rJ reneedgooneed rleuer 'osJcor'firfolr ooHBJ olr{ -eVodu s xtrd 'nr.rHesramrqsrnV raul,rano,r,e'xrsadeu-og ' rsrHarru.d.dJcHr4 aca ralcadgoradu alna eV orqvw4Voxgoan 'orqrcourdztrrxe - aoHsBrJ ircLrrcrre rE r'vaznaudal 'ar4rrtH8 ooHlKorfcaH oH<rroJr{sJcr.{otr HaI/ImIlIg 'agac al,r}rc irsaedu qcalax{uo rss. VI'olcodu o,Leor}r -Hc oJacs aVxcadll a<rrsr4mrsrs rrcsJ,rnf.Bu aru.Lox euElImrqg 'lu,re$dg c gouhr,rJorreu rusos.lc.lasJ,ooc al r,rxgodxrsu rzrrJer"aY -ruts wosoroJ s srerav rexnartod,r,crrs rlgorh 'xl qlr -urrcced oHlr{ow rZII/tIrirH rtvrraru aplHrtoJ,ccBd z gofifirflee xr4or'ruorIar Anltdzg'zrreuztnee qrnuov[EgoH]r{oru 4rsngoloul,aegzdrerruadYadn Bir.Lrrrnralrnddl,cno]r oH 'rc,rrsdH wes rsVu{a[o rHaworre xex rs$Ag r4rcg aH 'Qt(9 xoudcud 4rrn -Qasred srz[adsor oH]r{oruo}rJorr }r}r }rur 'sc,la.rtVuanr -onad oH srrotr or^nsraledona[ ord.xl, qrr4ucorr6 'r{He}rr 4roH}rceN -zt gol,erruorrx LrolrHor ert dtrVuruVon s,lzmzdu onrrornt urelaf rsHodo.LcgoHhoHeuerac lrlrlrewdo$aV u B[rHo]K -n,r,ced <,xIsnsraSBar ,lo nllHaHedxovadn rr[' Qdg ' r,riox raed tilrqH.Lat\I8an s,Lulladnee I,rd.H -odo.r,corutnr'onengr4 H urcasrqg v:;rurll ltanoX4'r4u]rr
drronxcora n orolcodu rO'rrqrxm eu,{gey V6A

,{,ercoparunrrbre rrprreMbr

295

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ylcaSblBaeTcfl B LIHcTpyrcqfiII ollplcaHlrtuI Ic BbIIIII4BKe.

Cyulecrnyror rarrrce nepJraMyrpoBbre KpyqeH bre xJrorrKoBbre laurrvr, lrvrrur c 6necraqefi npocnofiHofi (;rroperccorvr).?Ix.racro [pr4MeHffror AJr,E BbrrrrrrBrrur BMecro MyJII4 HC.

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IIJIII SOJIOTA.

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