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Biomass gasification process requires two feedstocks namely: the biomass itself and the gasifying agents. Biomass feedstock for gasification is characterized by its energy, ash and moisture content and homogeneity.  This invariably affects the cost of the biomass feedstock per unit of energy, transportation and pre-treatment cost. The biomass market is primarily focused on the trade of wood chips and pellets. However the majority of biomass market is non-traded. There is a growth in emerging trade of wood chips and pellets as policies in many regions support the market demand. For instance, the EU imported 1.7 million tonnes of wood pellets for biomass gasification. The prices for pellets and woodchips are quoted in the table below. The prices paid for sourced biomass will depend on the energy content of the fuel, its moisture content and other properties that impact the cost of handling and processing. Non-traded biomass often only incurs raw material costs associated with transport, handling and storage. Table 1: Biomass Feedstock Prices and Characteristics in the United States  Typical Typical Heat Price Price Cost structure moisture moisture value (USD / (USD content MJ/kg GJ) /tonne) (LHV) Forest 30% – 11.5 1.30 – 15 – 30 Collecting, harvesting, residues 40% 2.61 chipping, loading, transportation and unloading. Stumpage fee and return for profit and risk. Wood 5% – 19.9 0.50 – 10 – 50 Cost can vary from zero, waste 15% 2.51 where there would otherwise be disposal costs, to quite high, where there is an established market for their use in the region.
Hgjghgjkjhjfhgfhjghghgg Table 2: Biomass Feedstock costs including Transport for use in Europe  USD/GJ Woodchips from Scandinavian forest residues to continental Europe Imported pellets (from U.4 6.irena.4 – 3.7 56 – 63 3 – 3. Greensboro : Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Design. Weller.pdf.0 – 3. which reduces the energy content of the biogas produced (5-6 MJ m-3 on a dry basis). Renewable Energy Technologies: Cost Analysis Series. Jones.6 – 10. However.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/RE_Technologies_Cost_AnalysisBIOMASS. .7 residues to continental Europe 3. 2008.] http://www.0 – 3. 574. oxygen. North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University. Curtis L.0 – 7. Lijun Wang. Hanna. p.6 – 6.0 – 3.4 34 – 38 8. David D.4 9. Air-based gasifiers are cheap and often widely used because air is free.7 3 – 3. Gasifiers using pure oxygen will increase the heating value of the biogas produced but the operating cost will increase.1 98 – 115 Feedstock Pelletizing Total 50 – 63 50 – 56 100 – 119 3.  Contemporary issues in thermal gasiﬁcation of biomass and its application to electricity and fuel production. steam or a mixture of these gases.7 3.1 USD/tonne USD/GJ USD/tonne USD/GJ USD/tonne 64 – 77 3. Milford A. to continental Europe) Woodchips from Scandinavian forest 5.3 – 10. [Online] June 2012.S. 2013. [Cited: November 11.  Bibliography  IRENA.8 50-63 50-56 157-182 The gasifying agents can be air. air contains a large volume of nitrogen.