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Dark Field Microscope

The name implies that the background is dark and the object is bright.

Phase Contrast Microscope It is a type of light microscopy

that enhances contrasts of transparent and colorless objects by influencing the optical path of light.

Differential Interface Contrast

It allows transparent objects to be seen by using the difference in lights refraction when transmitted through the varying thicknesses of a specimen It uses a much higher intensity light source which excites a fluorescent species in a sample of interest

Fluorescence Microscope

Confocal Microscopy

Scanned Probe Microscopy

Atomic Force Microscopy

It has the capability of isolating and collecting a plane of focus from within a sample, thus eliminating the out of focus "haze" normally seen with a fluorescent sample. It uses a fine probe rather than a light-beam or electrons to scan the surface of a specimen and produce a 3D image. It is a type of high resolution scanning probe microscope that has a resolution that you can measure in fractions of a nanometer.

ideal for making objects with refractive values similar to the background appear bright against a dark background arranged so that the light source is blocked off, causing light to scatter as it hits the specimen widely used for examining such specimens as biological tissues able to show components in a cell or bacteria, which would be very difficult to see in an ordinary light microscope works on the principle of interferometry to gain information about the optical path length of the sample, to see otherwise invisible features often used to image specific features of small specimens such as microbes it is also used to visually enhance 3-D features at small scales provides image details that you cannot see using a conventional compound light microscope enabled researchers to create images of surfaces at the nanometer scale with a probe will measure a number of different forces depending on the situation and the sample that you want to measure