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Roman Empire

Setting the Stage


a. With the defeat of Carthage in the ___________, Rome was proving to be the biggest and most
powerful civilization on the ________________
b. The larger Romes territory got, the more ____________ the __________ form of government
became
2. The Republic collapses
A. Romes increasing _______ and expanding ________ brought problems
I.
Discontent among _________ __________
II.
Breakdown in __________ order
B. Economic Turmoil
I.
Gap between ______ and ______ widened
II.
Rich lived on huge _________
III.
Poor worked on estates (possibly as ________)
IV.
By 100 B.C. ___________ of Romes population were enslaved
C. Military Upheaval
I.
___________ seized power for themselves
II.
Recruited by promising ________
III.
Citizens loyal to ________ rather than to _______ itself
3. Julius Caesar
A. 60 B.C. joins with _____________ (wealthy Roman) and ____________ (popular general) to
create a __________________
B. Triumvirate: ______________________
C. They rule together for ____________
D. Caesar takes power
I.
Caesar has success in ______(France), becomes quite ___________
II.
Political rival Pompey urges the senate to _______ Caesars _______
III.
Caesar defies senate, ____________________
IV.
Pompey __________
V.
Caesar ______________________ in Greece, Asia, Spain, and Egypt
VI.
Julius Caesar returns home in 46 B.C.- ________________________
VII.
44 B.C. Caesar is named ___________________
VIII.
Result: Though Caesar has _____________, Rome still embraces some of its ________
roots, however it is moving closer to ______
4. Julius Caesars legacy
A. __________ ___________ but he also expanded the __________
B. ____________ _____________ to people in Roman ____________
C. Helped poor by ___________ ______ and building ___________
D. Increased _____ for ____________
E. Beware the Ides of March
I.
Many _________ and ________ expressed concern over Caesars growing power,
success, and popularity; feared losing their _______
II.
Others considered Caesar a ___________
III.
Many felt Rome would _________ due to his ego

IV.

Positive

Caesar is _________ ___ _______ in the senate by a gang of senators led by Marcus
Brutus and Gaius Cassius on March ___, _________
Negative

5. ______________
A. Caesars 18 year old ___________ and adopted ______
B. Takes power with _________ and __________ = Second ______________
C. Octavian forces Lepidus to _________
D. Mark Antony falls in love with _____________________ of Egypt
E. Octavian accuses Antony of _________ __ _____ Rome from Egypt and this leads to another civil
war
F. Octavian ___________Antony & Cleopatras ___________ at naval battle of Actium (31 B.C.)
G. Mark Antony and Cleopatra _______ ______; leaving Octavian sole leader
H. Octavian takes name ___________ meaning _____________ -27 B.C.
I. Result: Rome _____________________________.
Vast and Powerful Empire
a. Peak of Romes power ____ B.C. to ____ A.D.
b. Period known as the ____ ____________ or ____________________
c. Population of 60-80 million with _____________ in the city of Rome
d. Rome held together through efficient means of government started by Augustus however many
__________ _____________ would gradually weaken the empire over the next 400 years.
e. _________ ____________ made trade easier
f. __________________; the Romans built about ________ miles of roads
g. ___% of population were __________ and ___________ was common
h. _______________ was used to distract the masses because much of city of Rome was __________;
The government supported these people with _________________.
i._________ battles were popular for entertainment.
j. Rich continued to live ________________, spending large sums of money on homes, gardens, slaves,
and luxuries.
k. During this time the works of ________ of Nazareth and Christianity would change the world forever.