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UNDER WATER

TURBINES

OCEAN CURRENTS

RESULTS FROM

POTENTIAL

Wind

Currents are continuous

Solar heating

Predictability

Density and salinity variations of water

Water is more than 800 times denser than air

 

Potentially large resource can be

exploited

This enormous amount of energy that can be captured and converted using UNDER WATER SEA TURBINES

TYPES OF SEA TURBINES

HORIZONTAL VERTICAL VENTURI HELICAL ARCHIMEDES SCREW TIDAL KITE

VERTICAL

VERTICAL HORIZONTAL • Extract energy from the tides in a similar manner to that of wind

HORIZONTAL

VERTICAL HORIZONTAL • Extract energy from the tides in a similar manner to that of wind

Extract energy from the tides in a similar manner

to that of wind turbine

The tidal stream causes the rotors to rotate around the vertical axis and generate power

VENTURI

A duct which concentrates the tidal

flow passing through the

turbine

Creates low pressure

behind the turbine

Increase the flow velocity

across the turbine by 3 to

4 times

1.15 to 4 times higher power output

VENTURI • A duct which concentrates the tidal flow passing through the turbine • Creates low

GORLOV HELICAL TURBINE

Working principle

Helical twist of the blades solves pulsatory torque issues

Evenly distributing the foil

sections, so there is always a foil section at

every possible angle of

attack

Efficiency 35% (under testing conditions)

GORLOV HELICAL TURBINE • Working principle • Helical twist of the blades solves pulsatory torque issues

ARCHIMEDES SCREW

The Archimedean Screw

Turbine is the same

as Archimedes screw pump but in reverse

Rotational energy can

then be extracted by an

electrical generator

Implemented in river Thames

ARCHIMEDES SCREW • The Archimedean Screw Turbine is the same as Archimedes screw pump but in

TIDAL KITE

A tidal kite is tethered to the sea bed and carries a turbine below the wing

The kite ‘flies’ in the tidal stream, swooping in a figure-of-eight shape (predefined)

Kite moves at speeds of up to ten times that of

the flow of water

TIDAL KITE • A tidal kite is tethered to the sea bed and carries a turbine

Parts of a KITE :

(1)wing

(2)nacelle

(3)turbine

(4)struts and tether

(5)rudder

(6)servo system in the rear cone

ADVANTAGES:

No tower is needed

Low maintenance cost

Small and low weight

Gearless turbine - generator system

Minimum environmental impact

Parts of a KITE : (1)wing (2)nacelle (3)turbine (4)struts and tether (5)rudder (6)servo system in the

WORLD LARGEST SEA TURBINE

SeaGen in Northern Ireland

Generates 1.2

megawatt of electric power

Has been providing power to approx 1500 households

WORLD LARGEST SEA TURBINE SeaGen in Northern Ireland • Generates 1.2 megawatt of electric power •

POTENTIAL SITES

POTENTIAL SITES  Project of 3.75 MW in Sunderbans, West Bengal  The National Hydro Power
  • Project of 3.75 MW in Sunderbans, West Bengal

  • The National Hydro Power Corporation Ltd. (NHPC) is executing the project

ADVANTAGES

  • Higher density of water overcomes low velocity

  • Generate clean power from rivers without dams

  • No stress on land

  • No emissions

LIMITATIONS

  • Impact on marine life

  • Installation and maintenance more difficult

ADVANTAGES  Higher density of water overcomes low velocity  Generate clean power from rivers without
ADVANTAGES  Higher density of water overcomes low velocity  Generate clean power from rivers without

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