You are on page 1of 20

Relays (Magnetic Switches)`````````````` ``````````````````````````` ``

BEX100 Basic Electricity

Objectives
Know the definition of a relay Understand relay operating principles Properly test relay operation

Relay Principles
A relay may also be called an electromagnetic switch Relays use a low amperage circuit to control a high amperage circuit The low amperage circuit controls an electromagnetic device The electromagnetic device closes/opens the high amperage circuit

Relay Operation

Typical 4 Pin Relay ISO RELAY

Typical 5 Pin Relay ISO RELAY

Typical 5 Pin Relay Pin Identification

HALF ISO

Relay Applications

Relay Applications

Relay Applications

Relay Applications

Testing Relay Operation


Relays can be tested using: A test light A continuity light A DVOM A jumper wire

Testing Procedures

Testing Procedures

RELAY DIAGNOSIS
SHOULD HAVE POWER ON TWO CONNECTIONS IN KEY ON; DEVICE OFF POSITION (ISO TERMINALS 30 AND 85 OR 86) RELAYS ARE MOST ALWAYS ACTIVATED WITH GROUND LISTEN FOR CLICK WHEN ACTIVATED= BETTER YET CHECK OUTPUT VOLTAGE ( ISO PIN 87)

WHEN ALL ELSE FAILS...


EXCHANGE SUSPECT RELAY WITH ANOTHER RELAY OF THE SAME NUMBER IN THE RELAY CENTER

LETS REVIEW...
WHY ARE RELAYS CALLED MAGNETIC SWITCHES? HOW MUCH CURRENT DOES THE CONTROL CIRCUIT USE? HOW MUCH CURRENT DOES THE LOAD CIRCUIT USE? NAME SOME ADVANTAGES OF USING RELAYS?

LETS REVIEW..
WHAT IS AN ISO RELAY? WHAT IS A HALF ISO RELAY? HOW CAN RELAYS BE TESTED? WHAT RESISTANCE SHOULD THE RELAY COIL READ? WHAT SHOULD THE NC CONTACTS OF A RELAY READ? WHAT SHOULD THE NO CONTACTS OF A RELAY READ?

THANK YOU; THANK YOU VERY MUCH!!


RELIABLE RELAY REPAIR DONT CUSS, CALL US!!!

Elizabethtown Technical College BEX100 Basic Electricity