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The Colosseum was intended to host gladiatorial shows as well as a variety of other


2. The arena in itself represented a wooden floor covered by sand, covering an elaborate subterranean structure called the underground (hypogeum).

3. The underground represented a two-level networ of tunnels and cages where gladiators and animals were ept before the contests.

!. There is evidence for the e"istence of ma#or hydraulic mechanisms which could flood the arena rapidly via a connection to a nearby a$ueduct.

%. &tone seating was provided for the citi'ens and nobles, who presumably would have brought their own cushions with them.

(. The amphitheatre was surrounded by eighty entrances at ground level, )( of which were used by ordinary spectators.


The remainder of the present-day e"terior of the Colosseum is in fact the original interior wall.

*. The arcades consisted of half-columns of the Tuscan, +onic, and Corinthian orders, while the attic was decorated with Corinthian pilasters.

,. -ach of the arches in the second- and third-floor arcades is framed with statues.

./. 0rchitects adopted solutions very similar to those used in modern stadiums to solve the problem of crowdedness.

... -ach tier was divided into sections by curved passages and low walls, each row of seats being numbered.