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# Name _________________

Period ______

Density (ALPS)

## Define these words

Mass

Volume

Density

cm3

ass
olume

Take a look at the two boxes below. Each box has the same volume. If each ball has the
same mass, which box would weigh more? Why?

## All density values in the following table are units of g/cm3

SOLIDS LIQUIDS GASES
cork 0.24 gasoline 0.68 hydrogen 0.000 09
mahogany 0.85 octane 0.70 helium 0.00018
wax 0.9 grain alcohol 0.79 ammonia 0.00077
ice 0.92 wood alcohol 0.81 CO 0.00125
balsa wood 0.13 coconut oil 0.93 nitrogen 0.00126
oak 0.72 water, pure 1.00 air 0.0013
hard coal 1.4 - 1.8 water, sea 1.03 oxygen 0.00143
sugar 1.6 glycerin 1.26 CO2 0.00198
bone 1.6 chloroform 1.73 chlorine 0.00321
Mercury
concrete 2.3
13.6
glass 2.4 - 2.8
aluminum 2.7
copper 8.9
silver 10.5
gold 19.3
platinum 21.5

## 4. a) name 2 solids that are less dense than water:

b) name 2 liquids that are more dense than water:
c) name 2 gases that are more dense than carbon dioxide:

Why?

## 6. If concrete were put into chloroform would it float or sink?

Why?
We are going to pretend that mass and weight are the same things in order to answer these
questions.

## 9. What is the mass of the penny? ________

10. What is the volume of the penny? ____________
11. What is the density of the penny? __________

## 12. What is the mass of the rock? _________

13. What is the volume of the rock? ________
14. What is the density of the rock? ________

## 15. What is the volume of a block that is 5 cm in length, 2 cm in width, and 3 cm in

height?

16. Measure the length, width, and height of a small board, then find its volume.
Length ______
Width ______
Height ______
Volume _____

## The formula for Density is = ________

17. What is the Density of a rock if its mass is 9g and its volume is 3 cm3?

18. What is the Density of Water if its mass is 2g and its volume is 2 cm3?

19. What is the Density of air if its mass is 2g and its volume is 1 cm3?

20. Which one of the above things has the highest density?

21. Which one of the above things has the lowest density?