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5.

27 For a steady-flow process at approximately atmospheric pressure, what ia the entropy


change of the gas :
(a) When 10 mol of SO2 is heated from 473.15 to 1373.15 K (200 to 1100oC)?
(b) When 12 mol of propane is heated feom 523.15 to 1473.15 K (250 to 1200oC)?
Jawab:
(a) A = 5,699

T = 473,15 K

B=

T0 = 1373,15 K

D = -1,015

n = 10 mol

= 2,902

(
(

)+ (

)(
)

)
)(

)+ (

)
= 6,593

= 10 . 8,314 . 6,593 = 548,142

(b) A = 1,213

T = 523,15 K

B=

T0 = 1473,15 K

C = -8,824

n = 12 mol

= 2,816

*
[
(

)(
(

)+ (

)
)(

)] (

= 12 . 8,314 .

= 2018,8

5.43 Heat in the amount of 150 kJ is transferred directly from a hot reservoir at TH = 550 K to
two cooler reservoirs at T1 = 350 K and T2 = 250 K. The surroundings temperature is
TIf the heat transferred to the reservoir at T1 is half that transferred to the resrvoir
at T2, calculate :
(a) The entropy generation in kJ K-1.
(b) The lost work.
How could the process be made reversible?
Jawab :
QH = -150 kJ (keluar sistem)

T1 = 350 K

TH = 550 K

T2 = 250 K

Q1 = Q2

QH

= Q1 + Q2

150

= Q2 + Q2

150

= 3/2 Q2

Q2

= 150 : 3/2
= 100 kJ

QH

= Q1 + Q2

150

= Q1 + 100

Q1

= 50 kJ

(a) SG =
(b) Wlost = TSG

= 300 K . 0,2701 kJ/K


= 81,03 kJ

= 0,2701 kJ/ K