ASTM A193

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A193 All Thread Rod  ASTM A194

Thread Pitch Chart

Scope
Originally approved in 1936, this specification is heavily utilized in petroleum and chemical construction applications. The ASTM standard covers alloy steel and stainless steel bolting materials for high temperature or high pressure service. This specification includes fasteners intended for use in pressure vessels, valves, flanges, and fittings. Although, this material is often available in national coarse (UNC) thread pitches, if being used in traditional applications, threads are specified 8 threads per inch (tpi) for diameters above one inch. Below is a basic summary of a few of the common grades. ASTM A193 covers a number of other standard specifications not covered in this description including B5, B6, and B16.

Grades
B7 B8 B8 Alloy steel, AISI 4140/4142 quenched and tempered Class 1 Stainless steel, AISI 304, carbide solution treated. Class 2 Stainless steel, AISI 304, carbide solution treated, strain hardened

B8M Class 1 Stainless steel, AISI 316, carbide solution treated. B8M Class 2 Stainless steel, AISI 316, carbide solution treated, strain hardened

Mechanical Properties
Grade B7 B8 Class 1 B8M Class 1 B8 Class 2 Size Up to 2-1/2 2-5/8 - 4 4-1/8 - 7 All All Up to 3/4 Tensile ksi, min Yield, ksi, min Elong, %, min RA % min 125 115 100 75 75 125 105 95 75 30 30 100 16 16 18 30 30 12 50 50 50 50 50 35

Grade

Size 7/8 - 1 1-1/8 - 1-1/4 1-3/8 - 1-1/2 Up to 3/4 7/8 - 1 1-1/8 - 1-1/4 1-3/8 - 1-1/2

Tensile ksi, min Yield, ksi, min Elong, %, min RA % min 115 105 100 110 100 95 90 80 65 50 95 80 65 50 15 20 28 15 20 25 30 35 35 45 45 45 45 45

B8M Class 2

Chemical Properties
Element Carbon Manganese Phosphorus, max Sulfur, max Silicon Chromium Nickel Molybdenum 0.15 - 0.25% B7 (AISI 4140) B8 (AISI 304) B8M (AISI 316) 0.37 - 0.49% 0.65 - 1.10% 0.035% 0.040% 0.15 - 0.35% 0.75 - 1.20% 0.08% max 2.00% max 0.045% 0.030% 1.00% max 18.0 - 20.0% 8.0 - 11.0% 0.08% max 2.00% max 0.045% 0.030% 1.00% max 16.0 - 18.0% 10.0 - 14.0% 2.00 - 3.00%

Recommended Nuts and Washers
Bolt Grade B7 B8 Class 1 B8 Class 2 Nuts A194 Grade 2H A194 Grade 8 A194 Grade 8 Washers F436 SS304 SS316 SS304 SS316

B8M Class 1 A194 Grade 8M

B8M Class 2 A194 Grade 8M

and other construction materials for projects such as docks. Dimensions . Applications Hex bolts can be used for many different applications that include fastening wood. ASTM A307 grade A bolts. A325 and A490 that require a heavy hex pattern. steel. refer to dimensional tolerances for heavy hex bolts or structural bolts. and buildings.Hex Bolts  A307A F1554 A449 A354 F593 SAE J429 Hex bolts (six sided heads) are the industry standard for fasteners with forged heads. bridges. For specifications such as A307 grade B. AASHTO. all SAE hex bolts. Hex bolts with forged heads are also commonly used as headed anchor bolts. and several other common specifications require a standard (finished) hex head. highway structures. Manufacturing Manufactured hex bolts from 1/2" diameter through 2-1/2" diameter in most ASTM. and SAE specifications Standard Thread Length Bolt lengths ≤ 6": Thread length = (2 X diameter) + 1/4" Bolt lengths > 6": Thread length = (2 X diameter) + 1/2" Note: Most stock hex bolts 10" and longer will have 6" of thread.

625 2.708 1.133 Basic 1/4 11/32 27/64 1/2 37/64 43/64 3/4 27/32 29/32 1 1-5/32 1-11/32 1-1/2 1-21/32 H Height Max Min 0.268 0.591 0.2.066 2.897 4.149 1.559 F Width Across Flats Basic 9/16 3/4 15/16 1-1/8 1-5/16 1-1/2 1-11/16 1-7/8 2-1/16 2-1/4 2-5/8 3 3-3/8 3-3/4 Max Min C Width Across Corners Max 0.382 2.500 1.625 0.388 1.700 0.375 3.447 1.033 1.719 4.902 1.404 1.312 1.906 1.900 3.620 0.250 2.125 1.262 3.895 1.388 0.196 1.544 0.175 2.688 1.480 2.165 2.031 3.327 1.273 2.083 1.650 0.893 3.750 3.305 2.531 1.531 0.768 0.036 0.022 1.175 1.054 1.859 2.725 0.604 0.000 2.785 2.515 0.364 0.658 0.524 0.378 0.866 1.1 1996 Heavy Hex Bolts  A307B F1554 A325 A490 A193 A320 .938 0.277 1.450 1.088 1.516 1.306 3.826 1.455 0.812 2.598 3.299 1.330 Min 0.994 2.780 0.479 Dimensions per ASME B18.226 0.749 0.631 1.949 2.875 1.562 0.653 1.876 0.732 1.039 2.062 1.750 0.940 0.444 0.240 1.302 0.642 0.810 1.464 3.D Bolt Diameter Body Diameter Max 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 1-3/8 1-1/2 1-3/4 2 2-1/4 2-1/2 0.548 1.538 3.269 1.

These specifications include: A193. please refer to Structural Bolts for dimensional specifications. A320 and A307B. Standard Thread Lengths Bolt lengths < 6": Thread length = (2 X diameter) + 1/4" Bolt lengths > 6": Thread length = (2 X diameter) + 1/2" Dimensions . Although A325 and A490 bolts also require a heavy hex head. and SAE specifications. Heavy hex bolts with forged heads are also commonly used as headed anchor bolts. and other construction materials for projects such as docks. steel. highway structures. and buildings.Several ASTM specifications require a hex head that is larger than a standard (finished) hex head. since these bolts have shorter thread lengths than standard heavy hex bolts. Manufacturing Portland Bolt manufactures heavy hex bolts from 1/2" diameter through 2-1/2" diameter in most ASTM. AASHTO. Applications Heavy hex bolts can be used for many different applications that include fastening wood. bridges. Special tooling can be created to produce nonstandard head dimensions or bolt heads with your company's name and/or logo.

750 2.041 4.444 0.438 1.812 1.039 2.388 1.196 1.1 1996 Heavy Hex Nuts .604 0.025 3.700 0.443 1.062 1.969 1.Bolt Diameter D Body Diameter Max F Width Across Flats Basic 7/8 1-1/16 1-1/4 1-7/16 1-5/8 1-13/16 2 2-3/16 2-3/8 2-3/4 3-1/8 3-1/2 3-7/8 Max Min C Width Across Corners Max 1.662 3.305 2.531 1.575 1.660 1.300 2.524 0.022 1.383 1.093 2.149 1.404 1.250 1.378 0.625 1.526 2.780 0.364 0.388 3.515 0.209 2.768 0.474 Min 0.2.749 0.875 3.742 3.002 2.876 0.876 2.756 2.00 1.548 1.031 1.785 2.862 4.175 1.500 3.227 1.010 1.875 0.449 3.309 2.188 2.559 0.394 1.796 2.125 3.036 0.275 Basic 11/32 27/64 1/2 37/64 43/64 3/4 27/32 29/32 1 1-5/32 1-11/32 1-1/2 1-21/32 H Height Max Min 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 1-3/8 1-1/2 1-3/4 2 2-1/4 2-1/2 0.175 1.658 0.119 2.895 1.327 1.035 3.175 3.938 0.054 1.608 4.479 2.277 1.708 1.416 2.642 0.455 0.302 0.750 Dimensions per ASME B18.589 1.850 1.810 1.591 0.622 3.375 2.902 1.212 1.940 0.531 0.

galvanized heavy hex nuts are tapped oversize to compensate for the corrosion resistant coating on the bolts. strain hardened nuts available as a supplementary requirement Heavy hex nuts are slightly larger and thicker than standard (finished) hex nuts. A563 A194 F594 ASTM A194 Nut Compatibility Chart Grade of Bolt A193 Grade B7 A193 Grade B8 (Class 1 and 2) A193 Grade B8M (Class 1 and 2) A320 Grade L7 A320 Grade B8 (Class 1 and 2) A320 Grade B8M (Class 1 and 2) A194 Heavy Hex Nut Grade 2H 8 8M 4 or 7 8 8M For Class 2 stainless steel grades. and DH). See the nut compatibility chart above to determine the compatible heavy hex nut(s) for a specific grade of bolt. C. Since hot-dip galvanizing typically adds 2.2 to 5 mils of thickness to the threaded portion of a fastener.2-3/4" Origin: Domestic and import Finish: Black and hot-dip galvanized Grades: A563 (grades A. A194 grade 2H Dimensions . There are numerous grades and the heavy pattern is typically used for large diameter and high strength bolts. Stock Diameters: 3/8" .

250 4.02 1.378 1.925 2-13/64 2.812 1.209 2.750 4.392 3.622 2.155 2-29/64 2.251 1.833 1.679 1-27/32 1.875 0.375 2.04 2.250 1.504 0.862 4.382 1.013 1.828 3.062 1.031 1.31 1.750 2.377 0.002 2.43 0.907 Min 0.796 2.99 4.59 0.175 3.756 2 2-3/16 2-3/8 2-9/16 2-3/4 2.763 0.500 3.19 5.000 1.875 3.341 0.669 0.631 0.20 0.401 2-45/64 2.188 2.575 0.41 2.794 1.041 4.449 3.443 1.710 0.12 0.647 2-15/16 2.474 4.956 1.139 1.300 2.07 0.886 1.481 2.758 0.119 2.759 2.433 1-19/32 1.275 4.850 1.112 .662 1-11/32 1.587 0.464 0.394 1.562 2.212 1.505 2.62 2.438 1.010 1.012 0.F Nominal Size Width Across Flats Basic 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 1-3/8 1-1/2 1-5/8 1-3/4 1-7/8 2 2-1/4 2-1/2 2-3/4 11/16 7/8 1-1/16 1-1/4 1-7/16 1-5/8 Max Min C Width Across Corners Max 0.742 2.30 0.608 4.03 0.227 1.310 1-15/32 1.309 2.660 1.625 1.876 2.505 1.125 3.938 2.79 1.093 2.526 2.242 3.938 2.802 1-31/32 2.959 3.251 2.388 3.187 1-13/16 1.885 0.556 1-23/32 1.969 1.035 3.025 3.688 H Thickness Basic 23/64 31/64 39/64 47/64 55/64 63/64 1-7/64 1-7/32 Max Min 0.589 1.38 Weight Per Nut 0.079 1.759 1.416 2.688 0.844 3-1/8 3-1/2 3-7/8 4-1/4 3.64 7.175 1.632 1.

838 5.26 18.2 1987 (1999) Standard Thread Pitches .2.925 2-61/64 3.12 21.341 6.073 Min 5.000 4.80 Weight Per Nut 4.774 6.616 3-15/16 4.625 4.124 3.562 6.102 5.750 5.640 7.340 5.515 5.928 6.862 Dimensions per ASME B18.200 5.370 3-11/16 3.50 11.013 2.252 3.760 3.893 3-3/16 3-7/16 3.94 15.475 5.755 H Thickness Basic Max Min 9.F Nominal Size Width Across Flats Basic 3 3-1/4 3-1/2 3-3/4 4 4-5/8 5 5-3/8 5-3/4 6-1/8 Max Min C Width Across Corners Max 5.207 6.125 5.014 3.506 3.375 5.

Fine Thread Series (UNF/UNRF) is commonly used in precision applications.1090 0.302 0.0933 0.20 1 1 9 ⁄16 . 0.16 ⁄8 .0678 0.405 0 0.14 5 5 3 3 7 7 .588 9 0. 0.373 0.10 ⁄8 . Sq in.8UN Nomina l Size and Threads Per In. Coarse Thread Series .14 ⁄2 . Sq in.12 ⁄8 .509 ⁄8 .828 6 Sectio n at Minor Dia.20 ⁄2 .709 4 0. A193 B8/B8M.508 4 0.1063 0.0878 0.334 4 0.1187 0. -------Tensil e Stress Area Sq in. 3 8-Thread Series . 3 Fine Thread Series .351 0.0809 0.450 0 0.1599 0.566 0 0. In. more tolerant in adverse conditions and facilitate quick assembly. In.419 Tensil e Stress Area Sq in.256 0. because they are less likely to cross thread.347 9 0.1486 0. This series is used for diameters one inch and above. 0. Coarse Thread Series (UNC/UNRC) is the most common designation for general application bolts and nuts.16 ⁄8 .18 ⁄4 . 0.UNC Nomina l Size and Threads Per In.467 5 0. a longer engagement is required for fine thread applications than for coarse series threads to prevent stripping.526 4 0.11 ⁄4 .226 0. 0.685 0 0. they have high tension strength.Thread Series (8UN) is the specified thread forming method for several ASTM standards including A193 B7.802 8 Sectio n at Minor Dia.240 0. -------Sectio n at Minor Dia. However.189 0.182 0.202 0. Sq in.480 Tensil e Stress Area Sq in. and A320.UNF Nomina l Size and Threads Per In.1419 0.Thread series cover designations of diameter/pitch combinations that are measured by the number of threads per inch (TPI) applied to a single diameter.9 9 ⁄16 .24 7 ⁄16 .13 7 ⁄16 . 8 .462 Basic Pitch Dia. Because of the larger tensile stress areas.334 0.0775 0. 0.162 0. Coarse thread is beneficial.1257 0.391 1 0.203 0. --------------Basic Pitch Dia. -------- Basic Pitch Dia.18 ⁄8 . In.

7 11⁄4 .02 3.728 0. 0.405 -1.581 ------------- 8-Thread Series .12 11⁄4 .070 9 1.12 13⁄8 . 0.50 3.918 8 2.65 3.587 6 3.073 1.30 3. 0.43 6. Sq in.78 2.837 6 Sectio n at Minor Dia.000 1. In.08 Fine Thread Series .12 ------------------------Basic Pitch Dia.969 1.8 13⁄8 .69 8.157 2 1.34 11.7 13⁄8 .41 ⁄2 21⁄2 .668 8 3.929 1. Sq in.918 8 Sectio n at Minor Dia.668 8 1.625 0.043 8 1.8 4-8 Basic Pitch Dia.26 6.44 5. 0.195 9 1.30 2.620 1 -1.8 23⁄4 .024 1.8 13⁄4 .8 15⁄8 .25 4.5 --- 2 .663 0.551 0.29 5.32 7.293 8 1.49 8.81 13⁄4 .4 23⁄4 . Sq in.21 10.087 6 3.10 8.233 1.294 -1. In. 0.12 11⁄8 .168 8 3.521 ------------Tensil e Stress Area Sq in. 0.168 8 2.4 4-4 Fastener Identification Markings Bolt Strength Requirements .032 2 1.92 9.93 5.793 8 1.8UN Nomina l Size and Threads Per In.337 6 2.320 9 1.587 6 2.337 6 3.918 8 1.837 6 3. In. 1-8 11⁄8 .98 2.74 -2.12 11⁄2 .77 3.763 0.UNF Nomina l Size and Threads Per In.054 1.68 1. 1-8 11⁄8 .4 1⁄ 2 21⁄4 .66 11.08 2.812 1.790 1.62 6.551 0.418 8 3.445 9 ------------Sectio n at Minor Dia.856 1.155 1.606 0.315 1.62 5.8 11⁄4 .41 2.56 4.8 11⁄2 . 0.11 11.391 7 -1. 0.890 1.42 4.543 8 1.Coarse Thread Series .96 10.51 7.8 31⁄2 .90 -2.418 8 2.492 1.00 4.855 7 2.8 17⁄8 .155 1.8 33⁄4 .8 2-8 21⁄4 .668 8 2.418 8 1.61 Tensil e Stress Area Sq in.918 8 1.97 7.266 7 1.6 --Basic Pitch Dia. 1 .72 7.72 4.945 9 1.UNC Nomina l Size and Threads Per In. 0.405 1.105 7 2.918 8 3.4 33⁄4 .168 8 1.606 0.8 21⁄2 .4 3-4 31⁄4 .6 11⁄2 .4 31⁄2 .8 3-8 31⁄4 .693 0.260 1.57 Tensil e Stress Area Sq in.33 9.75 10.

3" 31⁄4" .2" 1 21 21 55 75 min 95 max 21 30 22 20 - 2 ⁄4".4" 3 21 18 .11⁄2" 33 36 60 18 35 B70 B10 0 A307 Grade A -</< td> - 60 18 - B69 B10 0 A307 Grade B - - 60 min 100 max 18 - B69 B95 A307 Grade C [7] One End Green Low or Medium Carbon Steel 1 ⁄4" .2 ⁄2" F1554 Grade 55 One End Yellow 2 ⁄4" .4" 36 58 min 80 max 23 - F1554 Grade 36 One End Blue 1 1 - 36 58 min 80 max 23 40 - - ⁄4" .Mechanical Properties Grade Marking Specificatio n Material and Treatment Nominal Size (In.) Proo f Load Min (ksi) Yield Strengt h Min (ksi) Tensile Strengt h Min (ksi) Elon g% Min [9] Hardness Rockwell RA % Mi n [10] Mi n Max SAE J429 Grade 1 1 ⁄4" .

Q & T A449 Type 1 ⁄4" . Q&T 1 ⁄2" . Q & T 11⁄8" .11⁄2" A193/A320 Grade B8 Class 1 AISI SS304 Stainless No Restriction s 30 75 30 50 B96 A193/A320 Grade B8M AISI SS316 Stainless Steel A325 Type 1 Medium Carbon Steel.3" 1 A193 Grade B7 Medium Carbon Alloy Steel.11⁄2" A325 Type 3 1 SAE J429 Grade 5 Medium Carbon Steel.11⁄2" 1 ⁄4" .21⁄2" - 25⁄8" .1 SAE J429 Grade 2 [8] ⁄4" .1" 85 74 92 81 120 14 35 105 C24 C19 C35 C31 11⁄8" .1" 85 74 92 81 120 14 35 105 C25 C19 C34 C30 11⁄8" .4" 41⁄8" .1" 85 74 55 92 81 58 120 105 90 14 35 C25 C19 B91 C34 C30 B10 0 C34 C30 B10 0 C35 11⁄8" . Q&T ⁄4" .11⁄2" 15⁄8" .11⁄2" 15⁄8" .3" 1 ⁄4" . Q & T Atmospheri c Corrosion Resistant Steel.3⁄4" 55 33 57 36 74 60 18 35 18 B80 B70 B10 0 B10 0 7 ⁄8" .7" 95 75 - C35 C35 .1" 85 74 55 92 81 58 105 120 105 90 125 115 100 16 16 18 50 50 50 14 35 C25 C19 B91 A449 Type 3 Weathering Steel.

3" - 105 125 min 150 max 15 45 - - A320 Grade L7 1 ⁄4" . All specifications are ASTM unless otherwise noted. All specifications shall be marked by the manufacturer with a unique identifier to identify the manufacturer or private label distributor.4" 1. or 4145 1 ⁄4" . 2.4" F1554 Grade 105 One End Red AISI 4140. Q&T 150 min 173 max 14 40 C33 C38 SAE J429 Grade 8 Medium Carbon Alloy Steel.11⁄2" 120 130 150 12 35 C33 C39 1 ⁄4" . as appropriate. Q&T 1 ⁄2" .11⁄2" 120 130 A490 Type 3 Atmospheri c Corrosion Resistant Steel.4" - 105 125 16 50 - - A490 Type 1 Medium Carbon Alloy Steel.1 A354 Grade BC ⁄4" .21⁄2" 105 95 109 94 125 115 16 16 50 45 C26 C22 C36 C33 25⁄8" . 4142.21⁄2" 120 105 130 115 150 14 40 140 C33 C31 C39 C39 25⁄8" . Q&T A354 Grade BD [6] 1 ⁄4" . .21⁄2" - 105 125 16 50 - - A320 Grade L43 AISI 4340 1 ⁄4" .

stamping is a requirement on one end of rods and studs. Hex Cap Screws . Hex Bolts vs. 6. ASTM A307 grade C has been replaced by ASTM F1554 grade 36. Although markings are shown on hex heads. Q & T . Percent Reduction of Area "-" = no requirement.Quenched and Tempered.3. In addition to the "BD" marking. and to studs of all lengths. 5. the product may be marked with 6 radial lines 60° apart. All Grade BD products shall be marked "BD". For headed fasteners longer than 6". Grade 2 requirements for diameters ranging from 1/4" through 3/4" only apply to headed fasteners up to and including 6" in length. 8. Percent Elongation 10. grade markings apply equally to products with other head configurations. The exception is F1554 and A307 grade C in which stamping is a supplemental requirement while color coding is required. Although markings are shown on hex heads. see SAE J429 grade 1. 9. 7. 4.

For example. They will usually be manufactured by a cold-heading process (large runs of standard sizes) or turned CNC operation. Hex bolts     A die seam across the bearing surface is permissible. This list is not inclusive. 5. hex cap screws are used in precise applications like an OEM setting where tight tolerances are required. Generally speaking. Hex cap screws      Flat washer facing under the head that meet specific tolerances as described under ASME B18. minus . but represents some of the differences between these two designations. Body diameter of plus nothing.1-1996. Allows a reduced body diameter to be not less than the minimum pitch diameter of the thread. The variations between these fasteners are fairly significant both from a manufacturing perspective and application standpoint. . A radius under the head at the shank.What are the differences between a hex cap screw and a hex bolt? These terms are often incorrectly used interchangeably. SAE J429 Grade 2 is typically provided as a hex cap screw. Some common fastener specifications unless otherwise specified: ASTM A449 and SAE J429 Grade 2. A354. Hex bolts are often specified when the mechanical properties are more important than dimensional tolerances. like the construction industry. The typical bolt is manufactured by hot-forging process. whereas ASTM A307-A is a common hex bolt specification.011″ for an 1-1/4″ diameter fastener. and F1554.2. Some common fastener specifications unless otherwise specified: ASTM A307-A. and 8. Below is an overview of some of the specifics these fasteners are required to meet.

When points are flat and chamfered.3. Class 2A. shall be as tabulated below: Length. Class 2A. LENGTH-FIRST TO FIRST The length of stud bolt. for all stud bolt sizes 1 in. Length tolerances. in. and Unified inch 8 thread series (8 UN). and shall be not less than one or more than two complete threads as measured from the extreme end parallel to the axis. Acceptability of screw threads shall be determined based on ANSI/ASME B1. Steel Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings. . to 12 +/-0. Length Tolerance. all stud bolt sizes.125 +/-0. THREADS Threads shall be Unified inch coarse thread series (UNC).1.. Please see the drawing above-this is confusing to most users!! Stud bolts are normally available in 1/4 inch length increments. in accordance with ANSI/ASME B1. is the distance from first thread to first thread. in. First thread is defined as the intersection of the major diameter of the thread with the base of the point.250 POINTS Points shall be flat and chamfered. and smaller.062 over 12 to 18 over 18 +/-0. or sheared at option of the manufacturer.High Pressure Bolting – Studs First to First Stud bolts for High Pressure Temperature Piping REFERENCE Stud bolts for pressure-temperature applications conform to the requirements of ANSI/ASME B16. for all stud bolts larger than 1 in. MATERIAL Chemical and mechanical requirements shall be specified by the purchaser and shall be in accordance with applicable ASME.5. the diameter of the flat shall not exceed the minor diameter of the thread. and ANSI codes and specifications current at the time of ordering. measured parallel to the axis. ASTM.

dimensions. material. tolerances. testing. 1500. flange gaskets. and protective finish.5 stud bolt. 300. marking. Example: ANSI/ASME B16. diameter of the stud bolts. forged. and RX gaskets. materials. nominal size. RTJ.S units.5 – 1996 Pipe Flanges and Flange Fittings. 600. 400.DESIGNATION It is recommended that stud bolts be designated in the following sequence: product name. ASTM A193. 1RF. Included in this Standard are requirements and recommendations regarding flange bolting. threads per inch.5 – 1996 – Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings The ASME B16. and 2500 in sizes NPS 1/2 through NPS 24. . 900. and blind flanges and certain reducing flanges made from cast. and methods of designating openings for pipe flanges and flanged fittings. Grade B7. or plate materials. Zinc & Clear Chromate Plated Bolting And Ring Gasket Requirements ASME/ANSI B16. The standard covers the required number of bolts. with requirements given in both metric and U. length. and flange joints. 5/8-11 x 3-1/2. length of stud bolts and ring size in R. The standard includes flanges with rating class designations 150. flange bolt and gasket standard covers pressure-temperature ratings. The Standard is limited to flanges and flanged fittings made from cast or forged materials. if required.

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1. 19th Appendix D.07 35 68 118 188 279 401 553 739 962 1226 1534 1890 2297 3276 4500 4716 5424 7047 8965 13782 15208 16730 Torque Nm f=0. lbs f=0.tensile 125 ksi. yield 95 ksi Over 4″ to 7″ – tensile 100.13 80 155 270 429 639 925 1285 1727 2261 2894 3636 4493 5476 7851 10828 11429 13168 17156 21878 33766 37293 41057 Torque Ft.13 59 115 200 319 474 686 953 1281 1677 2146 2696 3332 4061 5822 8030 8430 9712 12654 16136 24905 27506 30282 7450 11865 17559 24241 31802 41499 52484 64759 78322 93173 109313 126741 145458 186758 233212 233765 257694 309050 365070 491099 525521 561108 48 92 160 253 376 540 745 996 1297 1653 2069 2549 3097 4418 6068 6394 7354 9555 12154 18685 20620 22683 .07 Torque Ft. 2005 ASTM A193 Grade B7 Tensile and Yield Strength 2 1/2″ and under – tensile 125 ksi.TORQUE FOR FLANGE BOLTING (B7/L7 STUDS)* ANSI / API 6A / ISO 10423:2003 Feb. yield strength 105 ksi Source: API 6-A. yield strength 105 ksi Over 2 1/2″ to 4″ – tensile 115 ksi. lbs f=0. yield 75 ksi ASTM A320 L7 Tensile and Yield Strength Only covers 2 1/2″ and under . Table D1 & D2 Stud Diameter Size Inch 1/2″ 5/8″ 3/4″ 7/8″ 1″ 1 1/8″ 1 1/4″ 1 3/8″ 1 1/2″ 1 5/8″ 1 3/4″ 1 7/8″ 2″ 2 1/4″ 2 1/2″ 2 5/8″ 2 3/4″ 3″ 3 1/4″ 3 3/4″ 3 7/8″ 4″ Tension Ibf PTFE Coated Bolt coefficient of Friction Plain Bolt coefficient of Friction Torque Nm f=0.

Tensile and 100% hardness records are also available and kept with your order. The most current edition of the API specification may be obtained on the API Standards website to make sure you have the most current edition of API 6A. The A193 B7M standard covers threaded rod.*This chart is for general practice purposes only and should not be in the engineering or design of any products. 2010 by Sigma Fasteners · Leave a Comment ASTM A193 Grade B7M Bolt B7M Studs Bolt Description: B7M bolts for High Temperature and/or High Pressure service are modified in our tempering furnace to meet the ASTM A193 /A193M – B7M standard for bolting covering both metric and inch bolting products. B7M Bolts February 19. because friction has a significant effect on the torque–tension relationship. studs. and stud bolts. additional lubrication. bolts. Any thread damage (however minor). In accord with the A193 standard the final modification is the tempering at 1150° F minimum performed after all machining. or standard deviations within the range can change friction and thereby the expected outcome. For most the accurate references in critical situations torque values should be replaced with field measured tension values. The tempering furnace recording chart is kept on record with your order maintaining complete traceability of your final product. Typical Usage: Typical use for B7M bolting includes sour gas service where Hydrogen Sulfide gas exposure may lead to Hydrogen embrittlement problems in hard alloys. roll threading and any type of cutting. Product marking: . Accurate stud tension is difficult to attain using torque.

.All B7M bolting which has been 100% hardness tested must be marked B7M and will have the Sigma Trademarked S for manufacturer’s identification. Xylan Coated Bolts Coated Stud Bolts Xylan Coated Stud Bolts Xylan 1010. The various properties on the Xylan give excellent make up and brake out torque and reduce the need for high risk cutting torches or high cost bolt cutting when maintenance is required. 1070. Xylan 1014 in bolt coatings used for its good lubricity. Most major Oil and Chemical Companies recognizing that maintenance is a huge issue have made coated bolt specifications for bolted high pressure flange connections. Xylan 1070 and 1010 where the pioneers in the field – used for the lubricity and chemical inertness. chemical and abrasion resistance. Nuts: ASTM A194 2HM heavy hex nuts are most commonly used with ASTM A193 B7M bolts. Testing: B7M bolts are 100% indentation hardness tested to ensure conformance to the standard. 1014. Tensile Tests are performed after tempering. 1052 and now 1424 have been used as bolt coatings for almost a quarter century now. Xylan 1052 for coated bolts used for its excellent lubricity.

There are two types of these studs. Stud Bolts for Pressure-Temperature Piping  Continuous Thread Studs (Fully Threaded Studs) Stud bolts are threaded end to end and are often used for flange bolting with two nuts on either end. PTFE. Stud Bolts Stud Bolts Stud bolts are available in ASTM Grades B7.   Type one – usually for general purpose. L7M. Xylan coated bolts come in many tints and the coated bolts are often coordinated with standard corporate color branding schemes. Threads are UNRC-2A. Fluoropolymers and other coatings. B8. 17-4PH. Alloy 20. While very light shades are possible most of the popular hues range from a Dark Yellow to black with Reds and Blues and greens being the most widespread. the length of stud is measured from end to end. These studs are also available with industrial coatings such as SermaGard. Xylan. they are also available exotic metals such as Monel. 660 and B8M. Type two – studs for high temperature pressure piping. These studs are made to dimensional standard requirements of ANSI B16.5 the length of this stud is measured from first thread to . Titanium. B16. and Hastelloy. B16M.With VOCs an ever present issue these days Whitford has made a low VOC version 1424 which Sigma applies to achieve the results need in a coated bolt connection and to stay complaint in a green economy. L7. Inconel.

Threads are UNRC-2A for sizes 1 inch and under and 8 UNR-2A for sizes over 1 inch. L7M Bolts ASTM L7M Custom Bolts ASTM A320 Grade L7M bolting is designed for low temperature sour gas service where there is high concentration of Hydrogen Sulfide gases present in production situation. is the distance from first thread to first thread. All L7M bolts require 100% hardness testing . exclusive of points. Per the specification at Sigma Fasteners we have our own heat treating furnace and hardness testing equipment for onsite L7M modification and hardness testing. measured parallel to the axis. First thread is defined as the intersection of the major diameter of the thread with the base of the point.first thread. The length of stud bolt.

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