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In 1995,Galileo sent a probe plunging towards Jupiter, making the first direct measurements of its atmosphere and measuring

the amount of water and other chemicals there. When Galileo ran low on fuel, the craft was intentionally crashed into Jupiters atmosphere to avoid any risk of it slamming into and contaminating Europa, which might have an ocean below its surface capable of supporting life.

NASA is now planning a mission named Juno to launch. It will study Jupiter from a polar orbit to figure out how it and the rest of the solar system formed, which could shed light on how alien planetary systems might have formed.

Jupiters Gravitational Impact on the solar system

As the most massive body in the solar system after the sun, the pull of Jupiters gravity has helped shape the fate of our system. It might have violently hurled Neptune and Uranus outward. Jupiter along with Saturn might have slung a barrage of debris toward the inner planets early in the systems history. It might even nowadays help keep asteroids from bombarding Earth, and recent events certainly have shown that it can absorb potentially deadly impacts.