MAP

Mediterranean Action Plan
Med Pol

Municipal wastewater treatment plants in Mediterranean coastal cities:
Inventory of treatment plants in cities of between 2,000 and 10,000 inhabitants

MAP Technical Reports Series No.

169

Note:

The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNEP/MAP concerning the legal status of any State, Territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of their frontiers or boundaries. Responsibility for the preparation of this document was entrusted to WHO/MED POL (Dr. G. Kamizoulis, WHO/MED POL Senior Scientist).

Note:

Les appellations employées dans ce document et la présentation des données qui y figurent n’impliquent de la part du PNUE/PAM aucune prise de position quant au statut juridique des pays, territoires, villes ou zones, ou de leurs autorités, ni quant au tracé de leurs frontières ou limites. La responsabilité de l’élaboration de ce document a été confiée à l’OMS/MED POL (Dr. G. Kamizoulis, OMS/MED POL Spécialiste Scientifique Principal)

© 2008 United Nations Environment Programme / Mediterranean Action Plan (UNEP/MAP) P.O. Box 18019, Athens, Greece. © 2008 Programme des Nations Unies pour l’environnement / Plan d’action pour la Méditerranée (PNUE/PAM) P.O. Box 18019, Athènes, Grèce.

ISSN 1011-7148 (Paper)

1810-6218 (Online)

This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part and in any form for educational or non-profit purposes without special permission from the copyright holder, provided acknowledgement of the source is made. UNEP/MAP would appreciate receiving a copy of any publication that uses this publication as a source. This publication cannot be used for resale or for any other commercial purpose whatsoever without permission in writing from UNEP/MAP. Le texte de la présente publication peut être reproduit en tout ou en partie à des fins pédagogiques et non lucratives sans autorisation spéciale de la part du détenteur du copyright, à condition de faire mention de la source. Le PNUE/PAM serait reconnaissant de recevoir un exemplaire de toutes les publications qui ont utilisé ce matériel comme source. Il n’est pas possible d’utiliser la présente publication pour la revente ou à toutes autres fins commerciales sans en demander au préalable par écrit la permission au PNUE/PAM.

For bibliographic purposes this volume may be cited as: UNEP/MAP-MED POL/WHO: Municipal wastewater treatment plants in Mediterranean coastal cities: inventory of treatment plants in cities of between 2,000 and 10,000 inhabitants. MAP Technical Reports Series No. 169, UNEP/MAP, Athens, 2008. Pour des fins bibliographiques, citer le présent volume comme suit: UNEP/MAP-MED POL/WHO: Municipal wastewater treatment plants in Mediterranean coastal cities: inventory of treatment plants in cities of between 2,000 and 10,000 inhabitants. MAP Technical Reports Series No. 169, UNEP/MAP, Athens, 2008.

The thematic structure of the MAP Technical Series is as follows: • • • • Curbing Pollution Safeguarding Natural and Cultural Resources Managing Coastal Areas Integrating the Environment and Development

La Série des rapports techniques du PAM est présentée avec la structure suivante : • • • • Maîtriser la Pollution Sauvegarder le Patrimoine Naturel et Culturel Gérer les Zones Côtières de Manière Durable Intégrer l’Environnement et le Développement

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .......................................................................................................... i RESUME EXECUTIF ............................................................................................................... ii PREFACE ............................................................................................................................... iii PART I...................................................................................................................................... 1 1. ΑΒOUT THE STUDY ..................................................................................................1 1.1 Historical Background of the Study..........................................................................1 1.2 Report on the Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants in the Mediterranean.........2 Coastal Cities..........................................................................................................2 1.3 Methodology and Procedures of the present Study .................................................3 2. MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER IN THE MEDITERRANEAN .........................................3 2.1 Characteristics of Municipal Wastewater in the Mediterranean ...............................3 2.2 Impacts of Nutrients .................................................................................................4 2.3 Impacts of Pathogens ..............................................................................................5 2.4 Municipal Wastewater Treatment ............................................................................6 2.5 Wastewater Discharge into the Sea.........................................................................6 3. RESULTS ACHIEVED ................................................................................................7 3.1 Brief Summary of Data Collection............................................................................7 3.2 Constraints Encountered .........................................................................................7 3.3 General Considerations on the Contents of the Tables ...........................................8 3.4 General Tables and Graphs.....................................................................................9 4. COUNTRY FACTS....................................................................................................10 4.1 Albania ...................................................................................................................10 4.2 Croatia ...................................................................................................................10 4.3 Cyprus....................................................................................................................10 4.4 Egypt......................................................................................................................10 4.5 France....................................................................................................................11 4.6 Greece ...................................................................................................................11 4.7 Israel ......................................................................................................................11 4.8 Italy ........................................................................................................................11 4.9 Lebanon .................................................................................................................12 4.10 Libya ......................................................................................................................12 4.11 Malta ......................................................................................................................12 4.12 Montenegro............................................................................................................12 4.13 Slovenia .................................................................................................................12 4.14 Morocco .................................................................................................................13 4.15 Spain......................................................................................................................13 4.16 Syria.......................................................................................................................13 4.17 Tunisia ...................................................................................................................13 4.18 Turkey....................................................................................................................13 5. CONCLUSIONS OF THE PRESENT STUDY...........................................................14 PART II................................................................................................................................... 15 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES...................................................15 PART III.................................................................................................................................. 82 GRAPHS PRESENTING THE CURRENT SITUATION WITH RESPECT TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN ...............................82 List of MAP Technical Reports / Liste des rapports techniques du PAM ....................... 89

additional data is required. is discharged directly into the immediate coastal zone through outfall structures of various lengths.. MAP updated and expanded the data and published it in MAP Technical Report No. in cities. In 2004. 157. In order to assess pollution loads.000 inhabitants can have a significant impact on the marine environment.ii - EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Municipal wastewater. Towns with more than 2. and a heavy load of micro-organisms. at the end of the UN Decade for Water.000 inhabitants. sewage discharged directly into the public sewerage system. either untreated or subjected to various treatments. In the year 1999. including bacterial and viral pathogens. an assessment including towns of this size is also relevant to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goal Number 7. Alternatively. 128 (2000). as well as potential health risks from untreated wastewater discharged into the marine environment. related to sanitation. contains a variety of chemical wastes. Generally. (Target 10). and subsequently published the results in MAP Technical Report No. In addition. originating from both households and industrial installations. Municipal sewage carries increased loads of nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus. . the Mediterranean Action Plan reviewed the status of wastewater treatment in Mediterranean coastal cities with a population of more than 10. it reaches the sea due to seepage caused by leaks in the sewerage systems.

iii - RESUME EXECUTIF Les eaux usées municipales sont déversées directement dans la zone côtière immédiate. comportant des informations plus récentes et détaillées. L’étude a été réalisée et les résultats en ont été publiés dans le No 128 de la Série des rapports techniques du PAM (2000). ou bien elles gagnent la mer par infiltration à la suite de pertes se produisant le long du réseau d'égouts ou pour d'autres causes. une évaluation englobant les villes de cette taille serait-elle utile également au regard de l’Objectif 7 du Millénaire pour le développement . Le Programme du PAM. en 2000 a procédé à un bilan de l’épuration des eaux usées dans les villes côtières de la Méditerranée de plus de 10 000 habitants.. Dans le but d’évaluer les charges de pollution ainsi que les risques sanitaires potentiels résultant des eaux usées non traitées rejetées dans le milieu marin. notamment d'agents pathogènes bactériens et viraux. et une forte charge de microorganismes. au moyen d'émissaires de longueur variable. Les eaux usées municipales véhiculent des charges accrues d'éléments nutritifs tels que l'azote et le phosphore. . des données supplémentaires sont requises. Dans les villes et les grandes agglomérations urbaines. Il est notoire que les villes de plus de 2 000 habitants peuvent avoir des incidences marquées sur le milieu marin.cible 10 se rapportant à l’assainissement. Aussi. elles contiennent généralement toute une série de déchets chimiques provenant des ménages et des installations industrielles qui rejettent directement leurs effluents dans le réseau d'égouts collectif. soit sans avoir été traitées soit après avoir été soumises à diverses procédures d'épuration. Un rapport actualisé. a été publié en 2004 comme No 157 de la Série des rapports techniques du PAM.

OECD and others. . One of the important causes of marine pollution is the high rate of population growth that the coastal zones of the Mediterranean Basin have experienced since the 1960’s and 1970’s. Instead. developed programmes aimed at finding solutions to their respective priority problems. The studies clearly demonstrated the urgency for introducing remedial measures to stop the pollution of Mediterranean Sea. resulting in a very complex pollution situation.iv - PREFACE Throughout the centuries and long before the start of the industrial revolution. WHO. 1972) underlined the growing importance of the protection of the marine environment. During the same year in London.. This widespread population growth has been accompanied by an increase in the standard of living leading to an equal increase in industrial development to satisfy the needs of the population. industrial. and radioactive wastes. Quite often during the tourist season. As a consequence of urban and rural development in areas of extraordinary geographical beauty. the tourist population visiting those places has not ceased to grow. they have an impact at global level therefore several institutions of international character such as UNEP. men have been using the sea as the most convenient place for the disposal of wastes resulting from human activities. Dumping of domestic. as well as the run-off from agricultural products have not only created considerable hazards to human health but have also endangered the marine environment. studies and report prepared by scientists and researchers from different European countries indicated that the quality of the marine environment of the Mediterranean Sea was deteriorating. municipal services in charge of the safe disposal of solid and liquid wastes are totally unable to cope with the additional waste-load that invariably reaches the coastal waters. The United Nations Conference on Human Environment (Stockholm. The sea’s self-purification ability has been largely abused. Toxic effects on aquatic life – including human life – caused by the various chemical substances reaching the marine environment. This increase in population has had a profound impact on the quantity and quality of wastes produced. the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Other Matters was adopted which entered into force in 1975. The above-mentioned problems do not affect the area of activities of one single international organization or of one single country. The causes for the deterioration in the quality of the marine environment are numerous and most of them are interconnected. IMO. since the late 70’s. The major problems linked to the uncontrolled disposal of wastes in the marine environment were found to be: a) b) c) Dispersion of pathogen organisms capable of endangering human health. At the level of the European Region. Deterioration of the quality of seawater – eutrophication – resulting from the widespread dispersion of nutrients and other organic and inorganic matters.

In cities and large cities. which are only partially treated or even in untreated form. including bacterial and viral pathogens. Municipal sewage carries increased loads of nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus. Municipal wastewater is discharged directly into the immediate coastal zone. are still reaching the sea through the hydrographic river network of the Mediterranean Basin. they appeared to be of minor importance when compared to other forms of pollution originating inland and discharged into the sea by various means. either untreated or subjected to various treatment procedures. .-vHowever. through outfall structures of variable length. it usually contains a variety of chemical wastes both from households and from industries discharging directly into the public sewerage system. Discharges from “inland” municipal. or reaches the sea by seepage as a result of leaks in sewerage systems or other causes. in spite of the importance of pollution loads originating directly from human agglomerations in coastal areas. industrial and agricultural districts. and a heavy load of micro-organisms.

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One concerned the preventive measures required for protecting the Mediterranean Sea against the dumping of polluting matters from ships and aircrafts and the second protocol referred to the establishment of international cooperation to reduce pollution resulting from accidental spills of oil and other harmful substances. The Conference clearly defined the need for action at the various levels of interventions required. therefore the Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution from Land-Based Sources (LBS) was adopted and entered into force in 1983. Thus. the Conference stressed the importance of ensuring at national level the resources and instruments required for the effective functioning of regional and sub-regional arrangements.. Recognizing the need for the participation of countries in regional and sub-regional arrangements. while the Mediterranean Committee on Sustainable Development (MCSD) was established as a consultative body to the partners in sustainable development in the Mediterranean. The Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) that was convened by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and was approved by all countries (Barcelona.1 - PART I 1. emphasis was placed on the introduction of strategies and measures to enable the appropriate management of priority problems. the Barcelona Conference adopted and signed two supplementary Protocols. More specifically. 1. . the United Nations Environment Programme convened in Washington in 1995 an intergovernmental Conference to adopt the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities (GPA). In addition to the Barcelona Convention. At the International level. The above Protocol classified substances that have a deleterious effect on the aquatic environment in two main categories. by which pollution has to be reduced.2005. and entered into force in February 1978. In the 1995 Barcelona Resolution. The preparation of appropriate legal instruments to deal with land-based sources of pollution has been an issue of major concern since it is estimated that land-based sources of pollution constitute more than 80% of the total pollution load of the Mediterranean Sea. a "black list" for substances that eventually have to be eliminated and a "grey list" for those substances. In 1976 the representatives of the Mediterranean countries adopted the legal support needed for the implementation of the ΜΑΡ Programme at a conference convened by UΝΕΡ in Barcelona. in February 1976 the Barcelona Convention was signed as an international agreement between Mediterranean Countries for the protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution. In 1996 the LBS Protocol was amended so as to include also Land-based Activities and MAP's component programme for pollution monitoring and research in the Mediterranean Sea (ΜΕD POL) entered then into Phase III for the period 1996 . at national level. 1975) is a common effort for the protection and upgrade of the marine environment. Both protocols were adopted and signed simultaneously with the Barcelona Convention. To this end the Barcelona Convention was revised and ΜΑΡ was reformulated with the title of ΜΑΡ Phase II. the Contracting Parties affirmed their determination to use ΜΑΡ as a tool for sustainable development.1 ΑΒOUT THE STUDY Historical Background of the Study The protection of the marine environment is an important issue that concerns the countries of the Mediterranean Region.

that was related to the collection of data for each country concerning the population served by wastewater treatment plants and the degree of the treatment provided. The production of wastewater is attributed to human (domestic. According to the Genoa Declaration sewage treatment plants were to be made available to all cities with more than 100. as a major tool to implement the amended LBS Protocol. especially with regard to public health aspects.000 inhabitants should also to be provided. respective to the MAP Technical Report Series #157 which is focused on Mediterranean coastal cities with over 10.000 inhabitants and that appropriate outfalls and/or treatment plants for all cities with more than 10. endorsed the Washington Declaration. which are mostly related to wastewater discharge. In what concerns the role and involvement of the World Health Organization. The study was conducted in the year 1999 and the results were published at the MAP Technical Report Series No. and (c) the commitments of the Johannesburg Summit in 2002. concerned about the potential risks to human health resulting from the deterioration of the Marine Environment. Therefore. The scope of the study presented in the year 2000 provided information for all Mediterranean coastal countries.000 inhabitants and appropriate outfalls and/or treatment plants for all cities with more than 10.000 inhabitants. where among the targets to be achieved. Amongst the priority targets was the establishment of sewage treatment plants in all cities around the Mediterranean sea with more than 100. regarding water and sanitation.000 inhabitants.2 In 1997 the Contracting Parties adopted the Strategic Action Programme to address Pollution from Land-based Activities (SAP). (b) the Strategic Action Programme to address pollution from land-based activities. in particular. industrial or agricultural) activities where use of water is very important and consequently the production of wastewater is inevitable. to support WHO's efforts to lead the development of the clearinghouse mechanism for information on sewage.000 inhabitants. is the disposal of sewage from cities and urban agglomerations exceeding 100. where the Contracting Parties agreed to achieve ten targets by the end of the decade. that include halving of the proportion of population without access to sanitation by 2015.000 inhabitants. 128 (2000).000 and 10. Member States were urged to support the implementation of the Global Programme of Action in general. . They were also urged to participate in the development of a clearinghouse for the implementation of the Global Programme of Action and. the Fiftieth World Health Assembly at Geneva.. 1.000 inhabitants and areas of concern in conformity with the provisions of the LBS Protocol. The present document contains information on the municipal wastewater treatment plants in Mediterranean coastal cities with population between 2. This study was related to: (a) the Genoa Declaration of 1985. The ΜΑΡ Programme in 2000 (several years after the Barcelona Convention and at the end of the Water Decade) reviewed the status of wastewater treatment in Mediterranean coastal cities of more than 10. taking also into account the provisions of the Global Programme of Action.2 Report on the Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants in the Mediterranean Coastal Cities The marine environment is subjected to various pressures.

. (primary. or infiltration inflow into the sewer.000 inhabitants Collect data on the number of WWTPs that serve coastal cities Collect information on the quantity of wastewater treated Collect data on the provided degree of treatment Collect data on the quantity of treated and untreated wastewater and respective way of discharge Evaluation of the provided updated information 2. which depends upon hydrological conditions in each community. Degree of wastewater treatment.000 inhabitants. 2. . Sewers may also convey groundwater and precipitation that infiltrate into the sewerage networks. 4. irrigation of gardens).000 persons reflected the situation in each country of the Mediterranean. while the rest is infiltrated into the soil (e. should also be taken into account. which depending on local conditions.g. and way of discharge. with or without previous treatment. More specifically the information was collected at national level by the officially designated National ΜΕD ΡΟL Coordinator and included the following: 1. 1. Of the total quantity of water supplied to the communities 70-80% reaches the sewerage system. municipal wastewater refers to a mixture of domestic wastewater (residential settlements and services which originates predominately for human metabolism and for household activities) and industrial wastewaters.1 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER IN THE MEDITERRANEAN Characteristics of Municipal Wastewater in the Mediterranean According to a common definition. 6. methodology and working procedures of the study were prepared within the framework of the ΜΕD ΡΟL Programme. with recent data collected by each country and referred to towns with population of between 2. a figure that in many areas of the region may be reduced significantly.000 . 2. 4. or other degree of treatment). Industrial wastewaters are discharged to sewerage collection systems or directly enter the wastewater treatment plants. A comprehensive analysis of the collected data at country and at regional level and assessment of the needs and the formulation of appropriate conclusions followed the collection of all available information.000 inhabitants. 5. Quantity of wastewater discharged into the marine environment. For the Mediterranean region. 2.000 10. Update of the list of coastal cities with population between 2. List of coastal cities with population (permanent and seasonal) between 2.3 The 2000 MAP and the updated 2004 report included the following information: 1. This does not include industrial wastewater.10. 3.3 Methodology and Procedures of the present Study The present report completes the information of the years 2000 and 2004 regarding wastewater treatment in coastal areas of the Mediterranean region. water consumption is to the order of 150-250 I/cap per day. The planning. secondary.000 and 10.000 . Existence of WWTPs serving all Mediterranean coastal cities with population between 2. The quantity of wastewater entering the sewerage networks is site specific and depends upon on different factors. treated or untreated. 3. tertiary.10.

reduced transparency and disturbance to bathers thus impairing recreation activities.). and Hg. and composition of industrial wastes. is related to the presence of specific compounds/elements. pesticides. 2. higher concentrations can be expected in domestic wastewater. These substances are of particular concern due to their toxicity and because they tend to resist conventional methods of wastewater treatment. In the Mediterranean countries. The basic quality parameters of municipal wastewater are the organic load (BOD5 biochemical oxygen demand at 20°C over 5 days and the COD parameter). lagoons and estuaries impairing fishery and navigation and reducing flow and the holding capacity of freshwater reservoirs. magnesium and boron may also occur in wastewaters. which is related to nutrient enrichment enhancing primary production. seasonal variations can be particularly pronounced due to tourist activity. such as phenols.8. The decaying organic material results to oxygen depletion of the water causing an array of secondary problems such as death of the benthic fauna. but it is assumed that silicate input is not significantly influenced by human activity. In communities where industrial activity is intense the contribution of industrial wastewaters to domestic wastewater. toxins. Further to the main pollutants of wastewater. formation of corrosive and other undesirable substances such as CO2. ΝΗ3. phosphorus as Ρ) and pathogens. the BOD5/COD ratio ranges between 0. climatic conditions. algal scum. CH4. The presence of micro-organisms in municipal wastewater depends on the conditions of sanitation of the population and primarily of indicator organisms. nutrients (nitrogen as Ν. which can be more easily estimated in wastewater than the pathogens. due to limited available quantities of water. and enteric viruses).4 Wastewater flows depend upon both the climatic conditions and the size of the community while at the same time in coastal communities of the Mediterranean.2 Impacts of Nutrients The increase in the rate of supply of organic matter to an ecosystem. organoleptic (taste and odour producing) substances. (coliforms. H2S. protozoan cysts. nitrite or ammonium and phosphorus in the form of ortho-phosphate. is known as eutrophication.4 and 0. Pseudomonas aeruginosa. chlorinated hydrocarbons and metals (Cd. expressed as low daily consumption. faecal streptococci. Νi. The main nutrients causing eutrophication are nitrogen in the form of nitrate. In addition. Its most serious impact to the aquatic environment is related to algal blooms (red tides). which is further oxidised to nitrite and nitrate. calcium. since bacteria under oxygen consumption regenerate the organic phosphorus to phosphate and the organic nitrogen to ammonium. etc. Ζn. supply of bioavailable organic phosphorus and nitrogen cause eutrophication. Silicate is essential for diatom growth. etc. the presence of other substances such total dissolved solids and specific ions. The composition of municipal wastewater depends upon factors that are related to the standard of living. helminth ova. organic acids. salmonella. Clostridium perfrigens. etc. In untreated domestic wastewater. the available quantities of water. Dense macrophyte and macro-algae agglomerations chop channels. water supply systems. suspended solids. Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The concentration of each substance in wastewater depends on the water consumption per capita per day. shigella. such as sodium.. enhanced benthic algal growth. In addition to the effect on the aquatic ecosystem eutrophication and its side effects cause discolouration of waters. and at times a massive growth of submersed and floating macrophytes. .

and the appearance of new forms previously unknown or ignored such as amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) produced by domoic acid in diatoms.3 Impacts of Pathogens The presence of pathogenic micro-organisms in the marine environment may result to impacts on public health. all the diseases which are spread by the faecal-oral route. The development of toxin producing algae in the marine environment. As far as the former category is concerned. when accumulated in fish. or other parts of the body. and perhaps a relative satisfactory correlation with concentrations of bacterial gastrointestinal pathogens. is a threat to human health. especially those in the vicinity of cities and tourist resorts. and whose aetiological agents are shed in the faeces of diseased individuals or carriers could be contracted by swimming in polluted waters. particularly shellfish..5 Attachment of algal material and high pΗ can cause dermatitis and conjunctivitis. The permanent population that is concentrated at the Mediterranean Coast is to the order of 150 million inhabitants. However. During the summer months. there is very limited control over the quality of beach sand. while ingestion of algae can cause diarrhoea in sensitive individuals. respectively. ear. Water and shellfish quality control measures vary in each country. particularly on weekends. . While such organisms can provide a reasonable estimate of the degree of pollution. produced by saxitoxin and other toxins in certain dinoflagellates and chrysophyceae). skin. that this figure might be doubled during the summer period since the area attracts many tourists from all over the world. The increase in frequency of algal blooms of toxic algae is responsible for causing paralytic and diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (PSP and DSP. upper respiratory tract and other parts of the body have been associated with bathing in waters where microbial pollution occurs. as compared to other. Microbial pollution of the marine environment (seawater. 2. including fungal ones. including ingestion of the former while swimming and through consumption of contaminated seafood. both already known for some time. a number of diseases or disorders affecting the eye. It should be stressed however. sediments and beaches) may affect the gastrointestinal tract. Microbial pollution may also be enhanced by the presence of aquacultures. The heterogeneous nature of beach populations further facilitates the spread of infections. they have not so far been accepted as providing any clear correlation with the presence and density of either viruses or non-gastrointestinal pathogens and the biotoxins from algae (PSP. which has only recently commenced to be recognized as a factor to be considered in the transmission of a number of skin and other contact infections. The direct discharge of untreated wastewater into aquatic environment is one of the predominant reasons for the microbial pollution and deterioration of the marine environment. DSP). In general. the sea constitutes the main recreational amenity for local and tourist populations and consequently most beaches. and in many cases are practically based on "acceptable" concentrations of bacterial indicator organisms. Apart from diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract. through direct contact with polluted seawater and/or sand. The prevailing warm climatic conditions result in a relatively long bathing season and thus longer exposure of the public to seawater and/or beach sand. are heavily overcrowded. more temperate countries. the general situation is progressively improving through the wastewater treatment facilities and the construction of submarine outfalls.

Tertiary treatment includes the application of physical and/or chemical. and COD concentrations at least 75%. (i.5 Wastewater Discharge into the Sea The discharge of wastewater to the sea should follow for each case the legislation in force. When biological treatment is applied a minimum reduction of nutrients to the order of 20% can be also achieved. at least secondary treatment should be provided for agglomerations of more than 10.e. In these cases and according to the existing legal framework wastewater can be used. that discharge their wastewater to coastal areas). ii) iii) iν) ν) The application of advanced treatment processes (e. which in municipal wastewaters reduce the concentration of suspended matter and BOD5 by 70-90%. Disposal of sludge in the environment without prior treatment may result in significant pollution and threat to public health. biological and other procedures which in municipal wastewaters reduce the concentration of nutrient salts by 80%. wastewater can be further used (restricted or unrestricted irrigation etc). countries that are members of the European Union. additional chemical treatment).g. given appropriate water treatment or a higher degree of . Wastewater treatment is achieved through physical. which is applied in order to further reduce the number of pathogenic micro-organisms in treated water. which is discharged into the environment. For example. location) maintenance and operation requirements (cost. chemical and/or biological processes. 2. The most important factors that should be considered when evaluating and selecting unit operations and processes for each case. greases and oils from wastewater.. according to the SAP.000 p.e. Primary treatment includes the application of physical and/or chemical treatment processes for municipal wastewaters that lead to 50% reduction of suspended matter and by 20% reduction of organic load (BOD5). education level of the personnel) Wastewater treatment results to the production of sludge during primary and/or secondary sedimentation.4 Municipal Wastewater Treatment The collection and treatment of wastewaters results into point source pollution load. Depending on the treatment provided. Secondary treatment involves the application of physical and/or chemical. Furthermore. The current trend for sludge utilisation and reuse is combined to the adoption of the term “biosolids” rather than “sludge”.6 2.. sand and gravel. filtration. personnel. The legal framework regarding sludge disposal (at least according to EU Legislation) is progressively encouraging sludge reuse into agriculture. the following processes are identified: i) Pre-treatment refers to the removal of bulky matter. may be grouped as follows: process applicability. results in better effluent quality. the application of marine outfalls. should follow the provisions of the Directive 91/271/EC concerning urban wastewater treatment. Disinfection is a separate process. biological and other processes. performance environmental constraints (way of discharge. combined with the process of disinfection. Depending upon the degree of treatment.

The most important constraints encountered are quoted below: • In many cases the requested forms were not fully completed. there was no available information regarding the quantities of treaded/ untreated wastewater that are disposed in each way. Great variations in the data collected between countries as well as between cities were found. while there was no separate information for seasonal increase of the reported figure due to tourists. Lebanon. A group of countries reported the permanent population. Israel. Syria. Egypt. topographical and geological conditions in the coastal zone and hydrodynamic conditions in the sea. although the format and fields of the table that had to be completed was provided. that was not the case for untreated wastewater discharges. Albania. For all the examined countries. Tunisia and Turkey. although information regarding the quantity of treated wastewater (i. considering the dissimilar set of data amongst the countries (i. some countries either did not fill all the fields. in alphabetic order. 3. through the process of dilution. while some countries have a relatively up-to-date list of coastal cities with the present population. treatment and final disposal) was provided. it was inevitable to encounter a series of constraints. As a result.e.7 treatment should take place in order to obtain or maintain agreed environmental quality criteria and to avoid exposing shell fisheries. Italy.1 RESULTS ACHIEVED Brief Summary of Data Collection Data from 18 Mediterranean countries were progressively collected until country summaries were produced using the most reliable information available. percentages concerning the categories of disposal way refer to cases and not to quantities. Montenegro. Thus. The selection of the way of discharge depends upon hydrographical. the countries involved in the study. Croatia. which were expected considering the existing variations between the quantity and the quality of wastewater services provided by the different areas.. 3. Malta. The design of marine outfalls is related to the principle of self-purification of waste in the sea. or preferred to sent the data in their own format). other countries used much older data since new data is not available. Slovenia. Cyprus. The following list presents. Morocco. water intakes and bathing areas to pathogens and to avoid the exposure of sensitive environments to excess nutrients or suspended solid loads. The procedures and the time that each country adopted for the collection of this kind of data could also explain the differences found. 3. For example. Greece.2 Constraints Encountered Considering the specific characteristics and possible difficulties experienced by each country during the reporting. collection. In view of the above-mentioned difficulties. a comparative analysis of data in between countries is not a hundred per cent possible. France. The only • • . dispersion and decomposition. Spain.e wastewater production. Libya. The tables and graphs presented in Part III of this document reflect the situation as reported.

In several cases the information was not available. These cases were not taken into account during the evaluation of the data. however these were generally not taken into account. 3.e. plus the existence of individual wastewater disposal systems. permanent plus seasonal population) that practically coincides to the reporting format required by the European Commission and it was accepted in order to avoid double effort the data.000 habitants due to the fact that they were not reported in the previous study (for coastal cities with population over 10. 3. Secondary and Tertiary Treatment.g. e. due to lack of adequate and reliable data.. septic tanks. According to the provided information. The study examines the coastal cities that discharge their municipal wastewater into the sea. also represent a municipal wastewater pollution point source in the Mediterranean. 2. Other countries. 3. • In many cases. A number of countries have reported the capacity of the treatment plant related to population equivalent (PE). reported population equivalent (i. Regarding the year of construction. . • • Acknowledgement should be made to the efforts made by the national MED POL Coordinators to overcome the constraints encountered. some countries probably experienced difficulties in completing the required information. Some countries reported cities with a resident population of more than 10. A city not served by a treatment plant discharging 100% untreated wastewater. information was not available for almost all of countries. data regarding the production and disposal of the waste (treated and untreated) were not reported.8 indication for the population increase derived from the population served by a wastewater treatment plant. from inland cities. This is reflected in the tables under the appropriate column heading. for a lot of cities with population less than 10. served by a central wastewater treatment plant. making difficult the quantitative determination of wastewater respectively to the population. As already mentioned this mainly occurred with EU member states due to their obligation of reporting. • A city served by a wastewater treatment plant discharging 100% treated sewage wastewater. Rivers that are the recipients of wastewater discharges (treated or untreated). • Accurate reporting on the degree of treatment of wastewater also proved to be difficult. With respect to the quantity of wastewater treated and untreated and the way of disposal. 5. A city served by a wastewater treatment plant discharging treated and untreated wastewater. as described in section 2. 4.4. 2. mainly EU Member States. thus contributing to the pollution of the marine environment. A city served only by individual on-site systems. A city with no treatment plant discharging untreated wastewater. The study proposed to use the standard classification for Primary.3 General Considerations on the Contents of the Tables 1. the following possibilities were identified: 1. however they are presented in the Part II of the study (in each country’s table).000 inhabitants.000 habitants).

0% 22. 3. served by a treatment plant.0% 0. although not in all cases can be explained by accepting the fact that a sector of the population uses septic tanks or cesspools or other similar methods of wastewater disposal.9% 48.. For most of the examined countries.9 4. Where there was not available information about the population equivalent.2% 2. 8.9% 10. Occasionally. Additionally. it means that the plant was renovated or expanded. the same way applied where population equivalent referred to a central WWTP of a large city and not to the examined city. the figure obtained is below the resident population reported. when comparing equivalent population. information about the population of the city served by a sewerage network and a treatment plant was not reported. With respect to the quantity of untreated wastewater discharged. the provided information is limited and thus. This. 5. a concrete conclusion regarding the quantity of sewage discharged untreated cannot be easily drawn.0% 28. 6. resulting in difficulties in drawing a clear conclusion. then permanent population data were taken into account.0% .4 General Tables and Graphs Summary of Results Total number of countries Total number of cities Total number of Wastewater Treatment Plants (examined cases) Total number of Wastewater Treatment Plants (examined cases) Cities without a wastewater treatment plant Cities with a wastewater treatment plant under construction / projected Cities with a wastewater treatment plant on maintenance /out of operation Cities with a wastewater treatment plant Cities with a wastewater treatment plant Pre-treatment Primary treatment Secondary treatment Tertiary treatment Unknown treatment Total number of cities for which population was reported Total number of cities for which population equivalent was reported 17 950 950 950 389 68 28 465 465 47 100 185 131 2 950 358 40. Where more than one date appears under the column "year of construction".0% 40. 7. with the permanent population.9% 7.

2 Croatia Eighty-three coastal cities were reported with a resident population of 368.4 Egypt A total of 12 coastal cities with a resident population of 65. The results obtained are presented in a form of graphs at the end of Part III of the report. 622 ≈ 2.958 inhabitants.097. The disposal of primary treated sewage is conducted through submarine outfalls in almost all cases. 4.472 ≈ 2. according to the available information. Regarding the untreated sewage is disposed in the soil (possibly in desert).10 - Total number of “resident” population reported 2. that there are no wastewater treatment facilities and thus the untreated wastewater is partly discharged into the seawater and cesspools. Regarding the degree of treatment tertiary treatment was reported while treated wastewater is reused. it is led into the sea by canals.042 persons. It should be stressed. However. 4. 4. The number of cities served by a wastewater treatment plant is two.200 persons. Septic tanks and absorption pits are the recipients of the untreated wastewater. 4.3 Cyprus Cyprus has twenty-four coastal cities with a total population equivalent of 106. the coastal city of Ras-El bar seems to produce large quantities of secondary treated wastewater.673. while untreated sewage is disposed mainly into the aquatic environment by many small submarine outfalls. 4. Information regarding collection systems was not reported. . Eight cities are served by a main sewage treatment plant or individual treatment systems. According to the provided information forty two coastal cities are served by WWTPs while pre-treatment is applied for the forty one out of forty two cities.458 inhabitants was reported. especially in the summer. With respect to the treated wastewater discharge. 278..327 (for 592 cities) ≈ 433.1 COUNTRY FACTS Albania Three coastal cities were reported with a resident population of 17.768 Total cubic metres of wastewater treated per day (for reported information) Total permanent population (respective population) Total cubic metres of wastewater untreated per day (for reported information) Total permanent population (respective population) *Note that this quantity is not totally discharged in the aquatic environment.480 ≈ 269.

tertiary treatment 1%. all cities are served by respective wastewater treatment plants. 74. 42% do not have treatment facilities while a significant percentage of 23% will be served by a treatment system (plants under construction/projected). 4. Regarding the disposal of the treated sewage.231 persons.580. according to the available information. The total population served by wastewater treatment plants reaches a figure of 542. while 3% are under construction/ projection to be served.. while only one coastal city out of eight is served at about 50% by a plant and uses septic tanks for the rest 50%. For the total population of 571. in approximately 33% of the cases it is led into the submarine environment through an outfall.11 4. Treatment of wastewater was distributed as follows: pre-treatment 2% primary treatment 77%. The discharges of treated wastewater is about 73. The quantities of untreated wastewater and its way of disposal were not reported too.5 France The number of reported coastal cities is seventy seven with a total population (permanent and seasonal) of 762.550 m3/ day (for the respective population of 542. while no information was provided concerning the way of disposal.322 m3/ day are produced by 245. while cities with over 10.or directly into the sea – 55% of the cases-). Almost all cities are served by wastewater treatment facilities that provide secondary or primary treatment while there are six cases with the projection of plants’ construction. which in all of the cases provide secondary treatment. in Greece there are a hundred and seventy eight areas with population between 2.000 residents are excluded from the evaluation of the data.300 inhabitants. 61. secondary treatment 18%.7 Israel Eight coastal cities with permanent population greater than 2. Total permanent population is about 652. and for the remaining 1% no information on the degree of treatment was available.293 m3/ day of treated wastewater are produced. 4. With respect to the production and disposal of treated wastewater.000 residents were reported with a total population of 44.998.998 residents).8 Italy The reported data involve a total of a hundred and seventeen cities. with a total population of 764.100 inhabitants.000 and 10.000 and up to 10. According to the reported information approximately 31% of the total number of the cities are served by a WWTP. The provided information concerning the quantities and disposal way of untreated wastewater is significantly inadequate.36% of the cases . with 79% of the total cities are served by WWTPs. while 8% of the total is discharged directly to the sea. untreated sewage is not directly discharged to the marine environment since in all cases raw sewage from households is collected to septic tanks. 4. . There is no discharge of untreated wastewater while treated wastewater is mainly reused. According to the information provided. It should be noted that this figure also includes the seasonal population that in several cases may result to the significant increase of the permanent population.6 Greece According to the reported information. It should be noted that according to the provided data.000 inhabitants that are located close to the coastline.320 inhabitants and discharged mainly to the aquatic environment (through a submarine outfall .982 inhabitants.

The reported data involved thirteen coastal localities with a total population of 5.000 residents.792 m3/ day are produced for a population of 15.000 residents were reported with a total population of 204. there is no available quantitative data.9 Lebanon Available information for Lebanon refers to cities (locations) which gather a population over 10. plants are under construction. serving a total population of 4. As regards untreated wastewater.000 inhabitants. however it is disposed into the sea through submarine outfalls in three of the total cases (there is no information about the rest). 4.000 and up to 10. which were included in the last census of 2006.11 Malta Forty two coastal cities with permanent population greater than 2. In 60% of the cases treated wastewater is disposed through a submarine outfall and in 40% directly into estuaries.12 Montenegro The reported information involves a total of nine cities. 100% of the total cases are served by the wwtps of Piran and Koper. In four of the total cases.536 residents.000 residents). only for information reasons. while in the 79% of the cases untreated wastewater is disposed to aquatic environment through a submarine outfall and in 7% directly into the seawater. Concerning the degree of the treatment. In the remaining localities wastewater treatment facilities are projected to be operational.497 inhabitants.000 residents were reported. it is presented in Part II of the study. The available information related to the cities concerns the way of untreated wastewater disposal. in three of which the population is currently served by a treatment plant. residents are served by wastewater treatment facilities.000 and up to 10. while they are discharged to the seawater through submarine outfalls. with a total population of 18. 4. covering several coastal villages.. according to which it is led into the sea through submarine outfalls.675. while secondary phase is under construction in both of the wwtps. It is noted that available information regarding the quantities of treated wastes refers to the wwtps of Piran and Koper. 4. For that reason the country of Lebanon have not been included in the data process.604 residents. tertiary treatment is provided to the served cities. whereas there is no any information about the population per village.000 residents. It is noted that none of the reported cities is served by a wwtrp. 86% of the total cases are served by wwtps while in14% of the total number of cities. Total permanent population is about 35.221 inhabitants. primary treatment is provided.13 Slovenia Five coastal cities with permanent population greater than 2.175.12 - 4. Concerning the degree of the treatment. whereas available information referred to municipalities and not to the cities (for the former population is much greater than 10. 4. mainly providing primary treatment (in 75% of the cases). . with a total permanent population of 19. It is noted that there is no applicable information regarding the quantities of treated and untreated wastewater.10 Libya Provided population data involved seven out of fifteen coastal cities.045 inhabitants. 1. The degree of wastewater treatment is primary for 15% of the total number of cases and secondary for the rest 85%. Concerning the quantity and disposal of treaded wastewater.

With respect to the quantities and the way of discharge of treated wastewater 85. in 88% of the cases no applicable information was reported.144 m3/ day. mainly discharged to the seawater through a submarine outfall or reused.16 Syria Fifty-three Mediterranean coastal cities were reported with a total resident population of 205. with a respective population of 143. 4. for which in 50% of the cases it is directly discharged to the sea. Two projects for new wastewater treatment plants that will serve the areas of Tetouan and Tanger are in progress. 4. A percentage of 74% of the total number of cities is served by wastewater treatment facilities of the respective localities that provide for secondary treatment.15 Spain A total of seventy six coastal cities were reported with an equivalent population of 351.229 persons. Untreated wastewater is discharged totally into aquatic environment through a submarine outfall (in 45% of the cases). In 72% of the cases provide for secondary and 22% for tertiary treatment. according to the provided data for 2004. The total permanent population is 232.617 residents. 4. only a percentage of 18% is served by a wwtp out of which 83% provide secondary treatment. whereas for the 73% of the cases there is no available information about the way of disposal. Information regarding the wastewater produced (treated and untreated) was no reported. many small outfalls (in 47% of the cases) and directly to the seawater in the remaining of the cases.18 Turkey A total of a hundred and ninety two coastal cities were reported with a permanent population of 878. According to the information provided. The total quantity of treated wastewater is about 11. In 86% of the cases..17 Tunisia A total of twenty six coastal cities were reported with a permanent population of 181. for the percentage of 23% of the cases. 4.13 4. Respective wastewater treatment plants in 92% of the cases are served by a wastewater treatment facility from which the percentage of 83 % provides secondary treatment and 17% tertiary treatment.656 m3/ day for a respective population equal to the total resident. The total amount of untreated wastewater discharge reaches the 30. It is noted that 81% of the total number of the cities is not served by a treatment plant while for a percentage of 18% there is no available information.242 residents.748.14 Morocco Thirty eight coastal cities have been reported. Concerning the untreated wastewater (about 44. . untreated wastewater is directly discharged into the seawater.042 m3/day) is discharged through submarine outfalls to the sea. The reported quantity of treated wastewater (about 45. According to the information provided a percentage of 95% of the cities is served by wastewater facilities. while for a percentage of 22% there is no available information about the way of disposal. none of the cities is served by wwtps.244 m3/day).776 inhabitants.231 m3/ day are produced.654 persons.

Furthermore. Thanks to their efforts. However. CONCLUSIONS OF THE PRESENT STUDY a) Acknowledgment has to be made to the National MED POL Coordinators who with a sense of responsibility assisted during the collection and elaboration of data and aid to overcome the constraints encountered. With respect to the population reported by each country. Although.14 5. . Their constraints are also related to those encountered during the elaboration of the data available. the protection against wastewater discharges directly into the environment should also involve the indirect forms of pollution which refer to the use of septic tanks (pollution of groundwater and indirectly the marine environment) or the discharging of wastewater from recreational marine vessels. Incomplete information concerning the details for the services being provided to the population.. population served by treatment plants or by a sewerage network only or by alternative systems. with respective remarks indicating that. the most important constraints have to be identified: • • • Insufficient data for the seasonal increases of population.g. information on the degree of treatment. year of construction of plants). In any case the information is important for the estimation of peak loads that are usually applied during the design of sewage networks and wastewater treatment plants. The difficulties that may have been encountered by each country are mainly related to the availability of information. some countries included the seasonal population to the figure of permanent population. as already mentioned the present study includes accurate data. Incomplete or diffuse information on the quantities of wastewater treated or untreated and respective ways of disposal. while other countries did not provide any information for the population increase. in both cases available accurate data or even estimations are difficult to obtain. as well as the efficient monitoring and evaluation of the performance of operating wastewater treatment plants. adequate and accurate data could be gathered during the present study. b) c) d) Further to the current situation with respect to wastewater treatment facilities in the Mediterranean region. recent data enable the projection and design of new wastewater disposal systems. (e.

.15 - PART II MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES .

greases and oils are removed from wastewater. sand and gravel.16 - Legend Degree of treatment Primary treatment Secondary treatment Tertiary treatment Pre-treatment includes the application of physical and/or chemical treatment procedures for municipal wastewaters with which at least 50% of suspended matter is removed and BOD5 values are reduced at least 20% from initial concentrations.. involves the application of physical. chemical. involves the application of operations with which bulky matter. which in municipal wastewaters reduce the concentration of suspended matter and BOD5 70-90%. achieving values unattainable by means of secondary treatment. Planning and designing of urban wastewater treatment projects in Mediterranean coastal cities (MAP/UNEP/PAP . 1992) Symbols Discharge DI = discharge directly into the sea SO = discharge through a submarine outfall Ss = discharge through many small submarine outfalls RE = discharge is re-used . includes the application of physical. 4/1. biological and other procedures. chemical. biological and other procedures which in municipal wastewaters reduce the concentration of nutrient salts 80%. and COD concentrations at least 75%. and remove other specific wastewater parameters. 7/TC.

000 AND 10.80% of wastewater is discharged in seawater and 20% of wastewater is discharged in cesspool. Orikum . . Shengjin -80% of wastewater is discharged in Knalla Lagoon and 20% of wastewater is discharged in cesspool.000 Country: ALBANIA City Hilmare Shengjin Orikum Permanent Population 7000 4500 5700 Wastewater Treatment Plant - Wastewater Treatment Method - Degree of Treatment of Wastewater - Wastewater Treated (m3/day) - Discharge of Treated Wastewater - Wastewater Untreated (m3/day) 420 270 342 Discharge of Untreated Wastewater 84 216 274 Remarks: There are informal data.17 - MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.. Himare – 80% of wastewater is discharged in cesspool and 20% of wastewater is discharged in seawater.

000 AND 10.goranska županija ..County Novalja 3339 Senj 8035 Zadarska županija .18 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.County Biograd na moru Nin Obrovac Pag 5800 4513 3144 4368 .000 Country: CROATIA City Permanent Population Wastewater Treatment Plant Wastewater Treatment Method Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Wastewater Discharge Wastewater Treated of Treated Untreated (m3/day) Wastewater (m3/day) Discharge of Untreated Wastewater Primorsko.County Bakar Cres Crikvenica Kraljevica 7768 3200 8000 4593 no yes yes no yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes no no no mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical biological mechanical Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment secondary Pre-treatment 358 896 672 940 672 1120 1120 350 504 314 393 336 392 300 787 539 SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO 1010 140 224 643 168 235 168 280 280 195 126 78 97 84 168 167 337 231 631 377 611 DI SS DI SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS DI DI SS Krk 6000 Mali Lošinj 8391 Novi Vinodolski 5165 Opatija 10000 Rab 10000 Kostrena 3892 Lovran 4500 Malinska-Dubašnica 2800 Matulji 3510 Omišalj 3000 Vinodol 4000 Ličko-senjska županija .

.19 - Bibinje 4200 Novigrad 2400 Pakoštane 3771 Pašman 2076 Posedarje 3446 Preko 3358 Privlaka 2140 Ražanac 2910 Sukošan 4321 Sveti Filip i Jakov 4511 Splitsko-dalmatinska županija .County Hvar Kaštel Gomilica Kaštel Kambelovac Kaštel Lukšić Kaštel Novi Kaštel Stari Kaštel Sućurac Kaštel Štafilić Omiš Stobreč Žrnovnica Stari Grad Supetar Vis Baška Voda Dugi Rat Gradac Jelsa Marina Podgora Podstrana 4082 4002 4324 4771 5216 6277 6187 2528 6500 6000 2500 2767 3891 2010 2949 7200 3494 3444 4900 2828 8000 no yes no no no no no no no no yes no no no no no no no yes yes no no no no yes no no no no yes no mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical - Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment - 235 424 637 588 306 294 - SO DI SO SO SO SO - 588 100 490 270 448 436 278 407 562 586 105 530 562 620 678 816 804 329 273 252 350 387 544 261 76 1008 454 447 686 73 1120 SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS DI SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SO .

County Nova Mokošica Korčula Opuzen Ploče Blato Konavle Cavtat Orebić Slivno Ston Vela Luka Župa dubrovačka 6000 5896 3215 6450 3659 8190 2004 4041 2200 2575 4379 6532 ..County 2227 4800 yes no yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes no no no no yes yes no no yes no mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical - Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment - 231 446 997 345 403 405 368 446 231 733 736 613 252 367 398 - SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO - 58 672 111 110 38 45 45 41 111 58 81 84 153 450 903 475 1067 28 157 264 334 170 849 SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS DI DI SS SS SS SS SS SS SS SS Novigrad 3984 Umag 7919 Barban 2769 Fažana 3198 Kršan 3216 Ližnjan 2925 Medulin 5825 Vodnjan 5560 Vrsar 2633 Dubrovačko-neretvanska županija .20 - Pućišća Seget Istarska županija .

County Skradin 4112 Vodice 9730 Murter 2114 Pirovac 1926 Primošten 3076 Tisno 3425 Rogoznica 2441 Remarks: yes yes no no yes no yes mechanical mechanical mechanical mechanical Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment Pre-treatment 320 822 320 222 SO SO SO SO 213 443 275 250 80 445 95 SS SS SS SS SS SS SS .21 - Šibensko.Kninska Županija ..

385 5.258 3.554 3.196 3.110 RB 578 494 412 * * * 300 Biological Tertiary 60 RB .141 1.22 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.374 5.782 4.150 Yes (Note 2) Yes (Note 2) No Yes (Note 2) Yes (Note 2) No Biological Biological Biological Biological Tertiary Tertiary Tertiary Tertiary 45 1.875 1.981 3.014 2..883 3.123 Yes No No No Biological Tertiary 3.004 3.240 7.000 AND 10.798 1.941 4.112 3.838 6.700 2.348 1.000 Country: CYPRUS A/A Total Permanent Population 2001 Total Population Equivalent 2001 Population Equivalent 2001 connected to the main Sewage Treatment Plant 24.642 5.324 1.434 3.330 2.443 3.200 4.945 4.795 335 625 RB RB RB RB 331 588 333 216 201 291 * * * * * * 4.440 5.105 1.302 3.315 5.681 4.462 500 500 Yes (Note 1) Note 3 Yes (Note 1) No No No No Note 3 Yes (Note 1) Biological Biological Tertiary Tertiary 100 100 RB RB 592 224 700 367 438 543 364 555 346 * * * * * * * * * 2.916 2.911 300 12.939 4.164 2.671 4.033 3.000 2.880 Wastewater Treatment Plant Wastewater Treatment Method Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Wastewater Treated (m³/day) Discharge of Treated Wastewater Wastewater Untreated (m³/day) Discharge of Untreated Wastewater AMMOCHOSTOS DISTRICT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Agia Napa Municipality Deryneia Municipality Sotira Liopetri LARNAKA DISTRICT Livadia Meneou Voroklini Xylotymvou Ormideia Xylofagou Kiti Perivolia Pyla LEMESOS DISTRICT Mouttagiaka Agios Tychon Episkopi Pareklissia Pyrgos Pissouri 2.

.486 2. The treated effluent is used for irrigation of green areas.087 No (Note 4) No No No (Note 4) No (Note 4) 630 598 378 658 208 * * * * * Remarks: Note 1 : Part of this population is served by the Sewage Treatment Plant of Sewerage and Drainage Board of Larnaca. * : Septic tanks and absorption pits are used in most of the cases. Note 4 :These cities will be connected 100% on 2011 with the Sewage Treatment Plant of Sewerage Board of Paphos which is a biological treatment with Tertiary degree of treatment. .986 3.154 1.892 3.359 1.785 6.589 2.406 6.23 PAFOS DISTRICT 20 21 22 23 24 Geroskipou Municipality Pegeia Municipality Polis Chrysochous Municipality Chlorakas Kissonerga 5.302 5. Note 2 : Hotels and holiday resorts are connected to the Sewage Treatment Plant of Limassol Sewerage Board Note 3 : Touristic complexes may have individual small sewage treatment plants.

24 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2. Canal to Med. Large City Excluded from the Survey Large City Excluded from the Survey Extended Aeration Oxidation Ponds Secondary Secondary 45000 summer 15000 Winter 4000 Naviga. Screening & Sedimentation Primary 5500 Maruit to Med Degree of Treatment of Wastewater (2) Wastewater Treated (m3/day) (2) Dicharge of Treated Wastewater (2) Discharg of Untreated Wastewater Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Aeration Secondary 20000 Amriah Draniage to Med Wastewater Untreated (m3/day) (3) 850 210 215 680 360 350 190 City Sallum (Mattruh) ** Fouka (Mattruh) ** Zawiyat Al-Shaik (Mattruh) # Sidi Barrani (Mattruh) # Sidi Abd El-Rahman (Mattruh) ** Ras Al-Hekma (Mattruh) # Baheeg (Alexandria) # Amriah East (Alexandria) ** Ammriah West (Alexandria) ** Abu Qir East (Alexandria) ** Abu Qir West (Alexandria) ** Edfina (Buhayrah) # Sidi Omar (Buhayrah) # Mhahlla Al-Amhar (Buhayrah) # Ras El-bar (Damietta) ** Kafer Al-Battiek (Damietta) # Ashshaykh Mubark # (Kafr Ashshaykh) Disuk (Kafr Ashshaykh) ** Al-Nassima (Daqahliyah) # Shribin (Daqahliyah) ** Al-Matrya (Daqahliyah) ** Permanent Population (1) 8445 2289 2391 7519 3971 3939 15790 30688 12635 8915 29802 14763 2611 8423 8635 29163 8320 106362 Wastewater Treatment Method (2) Under rehabilitation Soil 1400 Sewerage System to Eastern WWTP Soil 980 Soil 230 Soil 760 Soil 660 (Governorate) ** Coastal towns and Cities identified by MAP # Additional towns and Small communities identified in the Survey (1) Data of National Census of March 2007 (2) Information of Egyptian Holding Company of Water and Sanitation (3) Estimates of Local Municipalities .000 Country: EGYPT Wastewater Treatment Plant (2) No No No No No No No Yes No Yes No No No Yes Yes No Large City Excluded from the Survey Yes 56631 105728 Package Unit (AS) Secondary 1500 Drainage Canal to Med.000 AND 10. Drainage Canal to Med..

500 PE) for 2008 with biodisc treatment River Alata Alénya Aléria Balaruc-le-Vieux Balaruc-lesBains Banyuls-sur-Mer 2.000 PE.000 INHABITANTS Country: FRANCE City Population (in 000) permanent tourist — Wastewater Treatment Plant Population Equivalent of the plant (in 000) Wastewater Treatment Method Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Wastewater Treated (m3/day) Discharge of Treated Wastewater WasteDischarge of water Untreated Untreated Wastewater (m3/day) Remarks Afa 2.000 PE) Collected to Sète (cf. tertiary treatment.15 Brook Currently on site treatment Plant under construction (2.18 4. MAP Technical Reports Series no. 400m3/day) 760 * SO Plan under way The plant treats other cities wastewater Bastelicaccia Beaulieu-surMer Beausoleil Belgodère Biguglia Cabestany Cap d’Ail 3.175 0.700 in a lagoon Collected to MONACO (cf.000 AND 10. 157) Activated sludge Grit removal Secondary Primary 600 20 * River River 2 Yes 1 0. 157 Primary Primary 23 sedimentation 0. 157) Collected to Sète (cf.80 2.88 0.34 2.90 1 Yes On site treatment 26 * Infiltration method 36 * Imhoff tank 13 * Collected to St-Cyprien (cf.15 Plant overloaded Plan under way (4.06 3. MAP Technical Reports Series no. MAP Technical Reports Series no.6 0.51 Yes 0. 157) Ditch ending 15 Activated sludge Tertiary 2.01 2.57 2 9 No No Collected to MONACO (cf.02 6.. 157) 2 Yes 6 Physical + Chemical DI — 10 Yes Collected to Borgo (cf. MAP Technical Reports Series no.80 12.15 8.23 4.09 Trickling filter Primary 180 * River Plant overloaded Extension planned (2.38 5. 157) 9 Yes cf. MAP Technical Reports Series no.25 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2. MAP Technical Reports Series no. MAP Technical Reports Series no. 157) 62 * SO .

membrane treatment) Plan under way 3 60 620 ** Collected to Bastia Sud (cf.36 0. MAP Technical Reports Series no. MAP Technical Reports Series no.83 10.00 6. MAP Technical Reports Series no.000 PE more Collected to La Ciotat (cf.10 4. 157) Collected to Sausset-les-Pins (cf. 157) Activated sludge + 30 (winter) Secondary River Infiltration beds 450 (summer) Collected to Cogolin Biofilters Secondary 8. MAP Technical Reports Series no.5 2 — 3 3 40 Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes 0. MAP Technical Reports Series no.5 Activated sludge Biofilters Physical + Chemical Biofilters Secondary Tertiary Primary Secondary 600 (winter) 1.15 2.8 0.125 30 * 200 (winter) 800 (summer) 1.5 15 3 Activated sludge Secondary Activated sludge + Secondary 5.80 3.10 3. 157) .93 1.. MAP Technical Reports Series no.55 4.26 150 (winter) 500 (summer) Cargèse Carnoux en Provence Carqueiranne Carry-le-Rouet Castellare-diCasinca Cerbère Ceyreste Coggia (cheflieu et Sagone) Cogolin 1. MAP Technical Reports Series no.85 3.000 (summer) 1.14 12 3.00 6. 157 Primary sedimentation + Primary 18 Filtration Trickling filter Secondary 60 Activated sludge + Tertiary 1.56 6.500 Sand filter Trickling filter Secondary 282 Brook River Brook ending in a lagoon Ditch SO Plant under construction (5.200 River Collected to Cavalaire-sur-Mer (cf.03 5 Yes 10 Activated sludge Secondary DI Collected to Marseille (cf.33 2.5 Yes Yes 16 6.55 1.600 Biofilters cf.800 PE.98 16 Yes 40 Collioure Conca Elne Ensuès-laRedonne Eze Furiani Galéria Gassin Grimaud La Croix-Valmer 2. 157) 1 4.02 0. 157) Collected to Hyères (cf. 157) 2 Yes 10 10 0.400 SO RB River River mouth River River Plan to raise the discharge upstream The plant treats other cities wastewater Extension planned for 2.90 8.47 5.

03 1.000 PE more) + replacement of the submarine outfall. 157 3. 157 10.14 8 Yes 8 32 12.07 1. broken since 1999 SO Plant under construction (30.000 PE).16 31 3 — Yes Yes 6 2. 157) Aerated lagoons Aerated lagoons Non aerated lagoons Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge River st Plan under way (1 block 10.470 (winter) 3.500 RB or lagoon RB or lagoon Lagoon River The plant treats another city Extension plan Ota (dont Porto) 0.39 60 Yes 15 2 2. then 5.25 Trickling filter Primary Activated sludge Non aerated lagoons Secondary Primary 641 Infiltration Unspecified 480 à 1. biological treatment.5 21 4 1..000 PE. MAP Technical Reports Series no.48 Collected to Castellare-di-Casinca . it will treat 4 other cities wastewater Bad working Linguizzetta Lucciana Marseillan (Les Pradels et Plage Onglou) Mèze Mireval Olmeto 1. MAP Technical Reports Series no.80 7 No 0.54 10 Yes 6.50 Physical + Chemical Trickling filter Primary Secondary 140 * 376 DI Ditch Le Rove (Niolon et Chef-Lieu) Leucate (Port.41 3.6 7.70 3.750 (summer) 1. MAP Technical Reports Series no.27 - La Londe-LesMaures Lapalme La Turbie cf. wastewaters will be collected to Marseille plant Ultraviolet treatment to be considered 80% of wastewaters are collected to MONACO (cf.3 Physical + Chemical Primary 540 DI Penta-diCasinca 2.000 2. MAP Technical Reports Series no.28 7.200 2. Village et La Franqui) L'lle-Rousse 4.72 6.100 30 * River 130 (winter) Activated sludge Primary SO 630 (summer) Collected to Borgo (cf. 157) 1.04 3.07 — Yes 4 cf.5 Physical + Chemical Activated sludge Primary Secondary 200 285 RB Brook ending in a lagoon 200 SO Plan under way concerning the 20% of wastewaters untreated The plant stopping is planned.5 55 15 — 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes Secondary Secondary Secondary Secondary 6.

5 Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Secondary Tertiary 8.22 6. 157) Collected to Canet-en-Roussillon (cf.898 m3/day.000 PE.52 0.3 2.44 2.100 372 Secondary 330 SO DI River River The plant treats another city 3 new raising stations before summer 2007 will increase the discharge .5 2..500 (summer) Canal River Lagoon The plant is located in Mauguio Overloaded plant during tourist period Extension plan (20.57 0.5 Activated sludge Activated sludge Tertiary Tertiary 3. 157 0.200 (summer) 550 Brook River Ditch Canal ending in the sea River ending in a lagoon 1.31 — 2 30 Yes Yes Yes 33.42 5.32 3. MAP Technical Reports Series no.7 Non aerated lagoons Non aerated lagoons Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge + Non aerated lagoons Primary Secondary Tertiary Tertiary Tertiary 40 1.58 5.450 655 400 (winter) 1.3 54 6.000 PE.300 River River Collected to Bastia Nord (cf. MAP Technical Reports Series no. discharge in the same place) 8.30 2.28 Pérols (Mauguio Plage Carnon Pérols) Piana Portiragnes Port-St-Louisdu-Rhône Port-Vendres Poussan Roquefort-laBédoule St Florent Saint Hippolyte Saint-Jean-CapFerrat Saint Laurentde-la-Salanque Saint-Mandriersur-Mer Saint Nazaire Sainte Marie-laMer Saleilles San-Martino-diLota Sari-Solenzara Sartène (Tizzano) Sérignan Serra-di-Ferro 8. 3.42 3 6 — — 5 — 6 2 No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes 8. MAP Technical Reports Series no.000 1.180 River cf. aerated lagoons) Plan for 2010 (16. 157) 3 Yes Yes 20 4 Yes Yes 5 2.66 2.58 1.02 1.21 4.3 Activated sludge Primary 2.60 2.32 2.10 6.10 8.17 3.2 8 6 9.012 River mouth The plant treats another city 420 * SO Plan under way Collected to Toulon Cap-Sicié (cf.862 237 500 (winter) 3.5 13 Activated sludge Activated sludge Non aerated lagoons Secondaire Secondary Secondary 3.84 4. MAP Technical Reports Series no. 157) 21 — Yes Yes 18 6.

000 PE) Extension plan (5. MAP Technical Reports Series no.. 157) Sigean 5.16 Maguelone * Outflow estimation .500 PE) Most of the wastewaters are collected to Mandelieu plant (cf.80 la-Salanque Villeneuve-lès8. 157) 8 Yes 6 Aerated lagoons Secondary 1. MAP Technical Reports Series no.00 2 Yes 6 Activated sludge Secondary 900 Canal Théoule-sur-Mer (dont Miramar) 1. 157) — 3 Yes Yes 2. MAP Technical Reports Series no.29 Plant under construction (10.96 2.5 Activated sludge + Non aerated lagoons Activated sludge Tertiary Secondary 2.30 12 Yes 4 Activated sludge Secondary 272 SO Torreilles Ventiseri Vescovato Vias 2.31 9 — Yes Yes 10.06 Pietrabugno Villelongue-de2.030 River Plan to improve aeration Collected to Bastia Nord (cf.285 River River Vic-la-Gardiole 2.400 324 River SO Oversized plant Collected to Castellare-di-Casinca Collected to Agde (cf.31 5.3 12 Activated sludge Activated sludge Tertiary Tertiary 540 1.7 7.46 2.88 Ville-di3.

05 2.43 2.000 Country: GREECE City Adamantas* Agia Marina* (Aigina) Agia Marina (Kropias) Agia Marina (Leros) Agia Paraskevi Agioi Apostoloi Agioi Theodoroi Agiokampos* Agios Athanasios Permanent Population (in 000) 1.39 0.211 0 0 SO - 853 707 Agios Kirikos* Agios Konstantinos Agios Nicolaos (Chalkida) Agios Vasileios Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Served by the WWTP of Thessaloniki 2.30 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.96 0.85 3.64 N 0 0 661 511 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Projection to be served by the WWTP of Chalkida 2.88 2.27 3.78 3.93 2.30 2.83 Wastewater Treatment Plant N N N UC NOT OPERATIONAL N UC N Y N N Wastewater Treatment Method Activated sludge - Degree of Treatment of Wastewater TERTIARY WITH N & P REMOVAL - Wastewater Treated (m3/day) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Discharge of Treated Wastewater - Wastewater Untreated (m3/day) 824 731 667 668 573 962 1.36 4.05 N - .64 2.41 2.85 1.57 Population equivalent (in 000) 3.693 797 Discharge of Untreated Wastewater Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Remarks 1.67 2.67 2..67 2.85 6.29 3.000 AND 10.50 5.67 2.19 4.

29 N - - 0 - 1.343 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks 7.38 4.31 - Agria 5.76 9.62 9..54 N TERTIARY WITH N & P REMOVAL 0 0 DI through stream 1.125 - Projection to be served by the WWTP of Psyttalia Ampelakia 4.31 2.14 4.31 5.02 2.31 1.23 5.135 1.80 3.81 7.322 Septic Tanks Projection to be served by the WWTP of Psyttalia 3.077 1.405 0 DI through stream DI through stream DI through stream 913 1.62 4.327 700 756 702 .50 N Y Y N Y Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge 1.19 9.12 3.02 2.65 Aianteio Aigina Aitoliko Aliveri Amarynthos Amfilochia 7.54 4.65 N TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N & P REMOVAL 0 0 1.81 4.41 4.31 5.940 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Anavyssos AndravidaLechainaTragano Andros* Anthousa Antikyra 7.81 N NOT OPERATIONAL - N N N - 0 0 0 0 2.51 3.952 2.

21 3.08 3.13 4.55 Y N N Y N Y Served by the WWTP of Nea Kydonia Served by the WWTP of Patra Served by the WWTP of Volos Served by the WWTP of Almyros .01 2.46 3.08 3.13 4.39 2.79 2.45 2.87 3.55 2.21 N N N UC Y N UC Y Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge 802 596 0 0 531 0 638 613 794 1.03 2.55 2.18 2.46 3.55 4.39 2.14 2.32 8.46 3.21 N TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL 0 0 0 0 0 757 0 0 DI through stream DI through stream SO SO DI through stream 552 862 637 1.29 3.21 2.001 - Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks - Demenika Diakopto Dilesi Diminio Drosia (Evoia) Efxinoupoli 2.18 2.217 520 864 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Projection to be served by the WWTP of Kardamaina Arkitsa* Assos Astakos Astros Benitsa Chalkoutsi Chora Daratsou 1.54 3.23 0..32 - Antimacheia 2.080 2.01 2.

63 4..833 0 0 833 0 SO - 914 1.72 8.07 7.13 UC N UC Y Y UC Activated sludge Activated sludge - .77 2.78 3.827 1.23 1.66 6.87 2.19 Y Y Activated sludge Activated sludge TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL - 540 547 Soil DI through stream - Served by the WWTP of Touristic Areas of Thessaloniki Epanomis 7.16 6.66 1.16 2.13 2.032 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Projection to be served by the WWTP of Thessaloniki 1.33 8.26 3.02 3.33 - Elounta Emporeio (Kyklades) 1.004 Eretria Filiatra Galaxidi Gazi 3.31 4.26 N TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL 0 0 0 0 1.087 1.35 5.72 1.23 4.49 3.33 Y Activated sludge 1.02 N NOT OPERATIONAL Y N Activated sludge - Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Gefyras Gefyras (Lakonia)* Gournes* Gytheion Ierissou Ios Istiaia 3.33 7.696 2.12 1.39 4.346 0 DI through stream 814 718 517 1.

67 1.46 3.29 3.18 3.424 0 0 DI through stream - 954 500 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Served by the WWTP of South Pieria Served by the WWTP of Rhodes 685 1.74 Y N N Y Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge - TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL - 1.70 3.435 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Kalythia (Faliraki) Kalyves (Chalkidiki)* Kalyves (Chania)* Kanali Kardamaina* Karpathos Karystos Kato Gouves* Kefalos Kissamos 5.86 6.20 6.66 2.56 1.82 2.34 - Itea Ithaki* Kalamos* Kallithea (Pierias) 4.97 2.56 5.82 5..37 3.46 5.300 1.20 N 0 801 Septic Tanks Projection to be served by the WWTP of Psyttalia .64 3.74 Y N UC Y UC N Y N N N Served by the WWTP of Kerkyra Kitsi 3.20 3.658 841 1.08 4.22 2.78 2.719 914 614 1.14 1.465 0 0 889 0 0 1.86 1.88 6.545 0 0 0 SO SO SO DI through stream - 1.96 1.00 2.83 1.74 5.

- 35 -

Kokkari Koskinou Kounoupidianon KremastiParadeison Kryopigi* Kymi Kyparissia Lakki* Lardou* Layrio Lechaio Leonidio Leptokarya Limenaria Limni

0.97 3.22 5.17

3.74 4.00 5.17

Y Y Y

Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge

6.98 0.59 3.04 4.89 1.99 1.21 8.56 3.95 3.22 4.23 2.44 2.08

8.28 3.21 5.20 9.25 3.05 3.48 8.56 3.95 4.95 4.23 5.38 2.08

Y N UC UC N N Y N N Y N Y

TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N & P REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL

935 1,000 1,293

DI through stream SO SO DI through stream DI through stream -

-

Served by the WWTP of Rhodes Served by the WWTP of Chania

2,068 0 0 0 0 0 2,140 0 0

802 1,299 2,312 762 870 988 1,238

Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Served by the WWTP of South Pieria

1,056 0 520

SO DI through stream

1,345 -

Septic Tanks -

- 36 -

Livadi (Serifos) Livanates Lixouri Loggos* Malesina Marathon Markopoulo (Oropou) Marmari*

0.96 3.02 3.61 0.76 4.25 4.40 3.53 0.46

2.90 4.33 7.00 3.72 4.25 4.40 3.53 4.66

Y N Y N Y N N N

Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge -

TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL -

725 0 1,750 0 1,061 0 0 0

Soil DI through stream DI through stream -

1,083 929 1,100 882 1,164

Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Served by the WWTP of Chania Served by the WWTP of Kalamata

Marmari (Evoia)* Matala* Messini Methana* Methoni* Mithimna* Moraitika Mournion Myrina

1.01 0.10 6.69 1.15 1.17 1.50 0.59 6.48 5.11

5.60 2.10 6.69 3.10 2.85 4.96 3.03 6.48 5.11

UC UC Y UC UC UC Y Y UC

Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge -

TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL -

0 0 1,673 0 0 0 757 1,620 0

SO DI through stream SO -

1,400 525 775 712 1,239 1,276

- 37 -

Nea Agchialos Nea Artaki Nea Karvali Nea Palatia Nea Peramos Nea Styra* Neapoli Voion Neo Karlovasi Neochori

5.51 8.65 2.30 2.42 7.48 0.99 2.73 5.74 2.21

5.76 9.03 2.30 2.42 7.48 3.39 5.52 7.71 2.21

N Y Y N UC N N Y N

Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge -

TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL

0 2,258 575 0 0 0 0 1,926 0

DI through stream SO DI through stream -

1,439 605 1,870 848 1,380 551

Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Served by the WWTP of Touristic Areas of Thessaloniki Served by the WWTP of Kavala

Neoi Epivates

4.07

4.07

Y Activated sludge

1,017 1,907 1,026 0 690 559

SO DI through stream SO DI through stream DI through stream

556 -

Septic Tanks -

Neos Marmaras Nerokourou Nydri* Oia Ouranoupoli

2.85 4.11 0.87 0.76 0.96

7.63 4.11 2.23 2.76 2.24

Y Y UC Y Y

Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge

Served by the WWTP of Chania

01 2.21 6.503 0 527 0 SO DI through stream SO SO DI through stream - 2.58 2.25 5.87 5.310 0 1..01 2.47 2.97 2.60 3.85 2.44 3.06 1.75 Y N Y UC N Y N Y N Y UC Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge - TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL - 1.44 1.11 2.70 3.77 N 0 0 DI through stream 942 743 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Plaka Dilesi Platamonas 2.24 8.06 3.218 901 950 644 610 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Served by the WWTP of Patras Served by the WWTP of Patras Served by the WWTP of Kalamata Served by the WWTP of Nea Kydonia Projection to be served by the WWTP of Touristic Areas of Thessaloniki Served by the WWTP of South Pieria 763 0 937 Septic Tanks Plagari 3.97 2.11 1.80 6.20 N Y Activated sludge TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL 549 - - .24 2.20 2.77 3.58 2.38 - Ovria Palaia Fokaia Palaio Tsifliki Palairos Paliochora Paralia Paralia Avlidos Paralia Vergas Patitiri* Perivoli Kydonias Petra* 5.50 3.375 0 0 1.

91 0.77 2.51 2.61 Y Y N N N N Y NOT OPERATIONAL N Y N UC Y Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL 845 478 0 0 0 0 1.53 N N UC - .77 2.538 882 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Seliniatika* Silivaniotika* Skala Kefallonias* 1.35 N 0 0 0 0 586 735 1..22 1.86 5.33 0.43 5.23 2.50 2.35 2.375 628 518 - Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Projection to be served by the WWTP of Psyttalia Served by the WWTP of Lamia Served by the WWTP of Kranidi Selinia 2.63 2.330 0 0 658 0 0 653 DI through stream DI through stream DI through stream DI through stream DI through stream 513 715 1.15 3.19 5.442 607 1.33 5.05 2.10 1.91 2.43 2.69 1.32 5.53 2.63 2.39 - Plomari Portocheli Potos* Prinos* Psachna Pylio (Dodekanisa) Pylos Pythagoreio* Rio Roditsis Rododafni Sami* Sarti 3.38 1.15 1.16 3.38 1.473 1.51 1.94 6.89 5.08 2.

53 6.85 4.275 1.40 NOT OPERATIONAL UC NOT OPERATIONAL Y N N N NOT OPERATIONAL N N UC Y N N Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Projection to be served by the WWTP of Touristic Areas of Thessaloniki Served by the WWTP of Chania Skala Patmou* Skopelos Skyros* 1.96 5.042 1.856 1.74 Activated sludge Activated sludge - TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL - 0 0 0 1.23 7.13 2.318 1.23 4.01 3.43 7.73 2.91 2.776 678 502 1.43 3.52 3.10 5.66 6.35 5.132 1.664 1.43 2..39 Trilofo 3.01 7.11 0.17 5.837 1.10 2.80 1.10 UC UC - - .01 3.01 3.606 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.67 4.685 Souda Sourpi Spestes Stavros Stylida Symi Syvota* Thasos Thira Tigaki* Tinos 2.11 2.10 4.52 N 0 0 0 880 1.71 6.43 0.27 6.75 6.252 775 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Tympaki Varda 5.667 0 0 SO DI through stream - 807 1.

042 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Vonitsa 3.36 2.63 Vrachati Vrasnon Vrontadon Ydra Zipario Remarks: 2.61 N N Y Activated sludge TERTIARY WITH N REMOVAL 0 0 0 1.60 N 0 1.05 6.61 3.27 N 0 817 Septic Tanks Velon 3.151 SO 656 761 1.19 0.649 Tanks Septic 2.45 4.04 N NOT OPERATIONAL N 0 0 760 1.53 6.626 641 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Velestino 3.50 N Vathy (Evoia) 2.84 4.36 N 590 Tanks 0 * These coastal cities. Served by the WWTP of Chania .41 - Vari Kykladon* Vasiliki Lefkados* 1. although with permanent population less than 2000 (column 2) are included in the list due to the increased seasonal population (column 3). which in all cases exceeds the value of 2000..95 2.09 N UC - - 0 0 - 569 523 Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Projection to be served by the WWTP of Chalkida Projection to be served by the WWTP of Volos Projection to be served by the WWTP of Kiato Projection to be served by the WWTP of Patra Vasiliko 6.27 3.56 N - 0 0 - 1.613 - Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic Tanks Septic 2.43 2.63 2.56 2.28 2.50 6.17 - - Vrachaiika 2.04 3.43 4.

000 Country: ISRAEL City Permanent Population Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Wastewater Treatment Method Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Activated sludge Aerated **lagoon Aerated lagoon Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Secondary Secondary Secondary Secondary Secondary Wastewater Treated (m3/day) 1874 1089 900 856 676 524 1510 783 Discharge of Treated Wastewater RB RB+SO* RB RB RB RB RB RB Wastewater Untreated (m3/day) Discharge of Untreated Wastewater Even Yehuda Shelomi Atlit Qesarya Mazraa Elyakhin 9370 5446 4500 4281 3378 2623 Fureidis Gaser a Zarka 7549 7835 Activated sludge In construction Partly*** Activated sludge Secondary Secondary 783 Septing Remarks: the calculation is based on 5 Km dist from coastline.. **-planed AS secondary WWTP.000 AND 10.42 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2. *** . the rest use septing systems . *-only in winter time.about 50% of the houses are connected to WWTP of Hadera.

43 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.851 8.771 7.000 Country: ITALY City Acciaroli (Pollica) Aci Trezza** (Aci Castello) Acireale* Alba Adriatica* Albinia** (Orbetello) Albissola Marina Alì Terme Altavilla Milicia Amalfi Ansedonia** (Orbetello) Aquileia Arenzano* Arzachena (includes: Baja Sardinia. Porto Cervo) Assemini* Bacoli* Belvedere Marittimo Bianco Bibione*** (San Michele al Tagliamento) Bosa Bova Marina Bovalino Marina (Bovalino) Brancaleone Marina (Brancaleone) Brolo Permanent Population (in 000) 2.776 27.472 11.457 3.292 11.012 5.544 11.341 5.321 4.585 6.545 52.404 3.96 3..68 2.49 11.357 9.000 AND 10.825 5.919 25.589 Wastewater Treatment Plant Yes No No Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Under construction Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Wastewater Treatment Method Primary Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Wastewater Treated (m3/day) 356 Discharge Wastewater of Treated Untreated Wastewater (m3/day) Discharge of Untreated Wastewater Primary Primary 795 841 Primary Primary Pre-treatment 1616 1668 3608 Secondary Primary Primary Primary Secondary Secondary 1304 600 1647 1114 539 1176 Reuse .

44 Buonfornello** (Termini Imerese) Cabras (includes: S.423 7.525 8.ta Maria di Leuca (Castrignano del Capo) Capri Casamicciola Terme Castel Volturno* Casteldaccia* Castellabate Castellamare del Golfo* Castelsardo Castiglioncello** (Rosignano Marittimo) Castiglione della Pescaia (includes:Punta Ala) Castroreale Terme (Terme Vigliatore) Catanzaro Lido*** (Catanzaro) Cefalù* Celle Ligure Cetraro* Cinisi* Codevigo 8.247 8.083 7.933 5.088 21.917 8.832 5.444 10.716 5. Giovanni di Sinis) Cagnano Varano Cala Gonone (Dorgali) Camogli Campomarino Campora S.612 13.987 Yes Yes Yes Yes Under construction Yes Yes Yes Yes Primary Primary Primary Primary Secondary Primary Primary Pre-treatment Primary 1041 945 13245 1920 762 1427 1530 838 .322 5.078 5.198 10.63 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary 1434 570 759 1132 3069 1411 1106 2076 788 7.243 4..926 10.904 14.709 No No Yes Yes Yes Primary Primary Primary 1165 797 939 10.695 6.753 94. Giovanni** (Amantea) Capaci* Capalbio Capo S.438 6.

696 5.45 - Comacchio* (includes: Lido delle Nazioni.799 8.024 5.09 59.22 4.932 2.887 2.261 28.323 5.946 37.679 55.359 8.466 Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Under construction Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Primary Primary Secondary Primary Primary Pre-treatment Primary Primary Primary 3152 2027 723 750 1225 1209 1775 7736 4044 412 5192 8312 15812 2243 Primary Secondary Primary Primary Primary Primary ? Primary Primary Primary 811 1153 797 767 10814 1312 3770 310 564 905 Secondary .484 77.378 26.242 5.517 14.166 5.. Pietro (Carloforte) 22.755 8. Palidoro) Foce Verde*** (Latina) Forio* Fossacesia Fuscaldo Gabicce Mare Gagliano del Capo Gela* Giardini-Naxos Giarre* Golfo Aranci Goro Isola di S.245 9.943 16.639 12. Lido degli Estensi.373 112. Porto Garibaldi) Contarina*** (Porto Viro) Corno Cupra Marittima Diamante Duino-Aurisina (includes:Sistiana) Elmas Eraclea Mare (Eraclea)* Ercolano* Erice* Falcone Fermo* Fertilia** (Alghero) Fiumicino* (includes: Fregene. Lido di Spina.035 6.483 3.

125 8.677 10.46 - Ischia* La Caletta*** (Siniscola) Laigueglia Lavinio Lido di Enea** (Anzio) Lesina Levanto Licata* Lido di Camaiore*** (Camaiore) Lido di Classe** (Ravenna) Lido di Metaponto*** (Bernalda) Lido di Ostia*** (Roma) Lido di Savio** (Ravenna) Lido Silvana*** (Pulsano) Lignano Sabbiadoro Lipari* (includes: Stromboli) Loano* Locri* Loreto* Maiori Marano Lagunare Maratea Marina di Camerota (Camerota) Marina di Carrara*** (Carrara) Marina di CastagnetoDonoratico (Castagneto Carducci) Marina di Gioiosa Ionica Marina di Grosseto*** (Grosseto) 18.547.162 2.373 11.789 10.785 5.85 Yes Yes Under construction Yes Primary Primary Tertiary Primary 878 789 5472 4319 Reuse planned 12.958 11.537 6.419 12.723 2.091 30.47 76.809 11.25 7.059 Under construction No No Secondary 2572 1575 Reuse planned 6.007 5..278 5.254 2.541 6.198 65.638 39.33 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No Under construction Yes Yes Yes Primary Secondary Primary Primary Primary Primary 1702 356674 1475 950 1513 1598 1649 Secondary Primary 280 735 9117 Primary Secondary Primary 1195 905 10686 .

236 2.687 13.623 8.587 3.914 3.52 11.936 30. Angelo* Montesilvano Marina* (Montesilvano) Muggia* Murano** (Venezia) Muzzana del Turgnano Nervi** (Genova) Nicotera Noli Nova Siri Numara Oneglia** (Imperia) Opicina ** (Trieste) 69.58 2.47 - Marina di Massa*** (Massa) Marina di Pisa*** (Pisa) Marina di Ragusa*** (Ragusa) Marina di Torre Grande*** (Oristano) Marinella*** (Castelvetrano) Marsala* (includes: Birgi) Mattinata Mazara del Vallo* Melito di Porto Salvo* Menfi* Mestre** (Venezia) Monasterace Marina (Monasterace) Mondello** (Palermo) Mondolfo* (includes: Marotta) Mondragone* Monfalcone* Montalto di Castro Monte S.461 51.72 6.969 32..623 Under construction Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Primary Secondary Secondary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Secondary Primary Primary Primary Secondary Secondary 9715 12283 10075 4611 4249 11463 904 7199 1807 492 1630 3727 3867 1142 6256 1853 380 921 415 922 507 Reuse planned Reuse planned .425 11.6 44.245 12.162 13.399 87.884 6.644 26.737 71.351 81.626 27.965 6.

946 8.893 19.437 24.48 - Orosei Ospedaletti Paestum*** (Capaccio) Palau Palinuro (Centola) Palma di Montechiaro* Palmadula*** (Sassari) Palmi* Paola* Pedaso Pegli** (Genova) Peschici (includes: Manacore) Pietra Ligure Pisciotta Pizzo Platamona Lido*** (Sassari) Poggio Imperiale Policastro (Petilia Policastro) Pomposa*** (Codigoro) Pontecagnano Faiano* Port'Ercole*** (Monte Argentario) Porto Azzurro Porto Cesareo Porto Pino (Sant'Anna Arresi) Porto Recanati* Porto Rotondo** (Olbia) Porto Sant’ Elpidio* Porto Santo Stefano*** (Monte Argentario) 6.24 3.461 17.976 14.927 127..206 3.909 4.472 12.613 11.437 5.875 23.914 Yes Under construction Yes Yes Under construction No No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Primary 873 504 Primary Primary 2968 547 3349 17905 Primary Primary 2392 301 Primary Primary Pretreatment 1270 412 1256 2024 1803 3388 Primary Primary Primary 1807 481 365 1601 3375 1807 Secondary ? Primary .883 24.914 3.077 2.46 2.114 12.31 9.831 9.154 4.605 21.12 2.087 2.206 12.

26 3. Albarella) S.359 92. Giovanni Suergiu S.295 6.669 10.164 2.706 3.953 5.695 11.682 23.276 7.045 2.358 2.688 8. Vincenzo 10.135 6. Cataldo*** (Lecce) S.938 15.364 21.652 7. Giovanni a Piro S. Felice Circeo S.82 6.613 10. Stefano di Camastra S. Lucido S.831 6..905 4.611 3.51 6.ta Margherita) Quartu Sant’ Elena* Quarto d'Antino Recco* Rio Marina (includes: Cavo) Riola Sardo Roccalumera Roccella Ionica Rodi Garganico Ronchi dei Legionari* Roseto degli Abruzzi* Rosolina (includes: I.088 5.914 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Under construction No No Yes Under construction Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Under construction Yes Yes Yes Primary Secondary Primary Primary Primary Primary Tertiary 1450 3073 746 566 365 551 2141 933 1491 Primary Primary 9838 1065 1450 Primary Primary Primary Secondary 302 298 578 938 1635 3336 Primary Primary Primary Primary 890 12976 1156 534 852 Secondary Primary Primary 826 631 967 .133 4.49 - Porto Tolle* (includes: Scardovari) Porto Torres* Portoscuso Portovenere Posada Positano Potenza Picena* Praia a Mare Procida* Pula (includes: S.046 70.33 4.

351 15.967 2.053 3.ta Eufemia Lamezia*** (Lamezia Terme) S.171 6.002 3.108 30.ta Cesarea Terme S.ta Teresa di Riva Sant'Agata di Militello* Sapri Sarroch Scalea* Scilla Selinunte*** (Castelvetrano) Sferracavallo** (Palermo) Silvi Marina* Sirolo Solvay** (Rosignano Marittimo) Sorso* Sottomarina** (Chioggia) Sperlonga Spotorno Strongoli Taggia (includes:Arma di Taggia) Taglio di Po Taormina (includes: Mazzarò) Terme Luigiane (Acquappesa) 5.037 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary 2024 455 583 864 1848 Primary Secondary 1535 285 .257 10.ta Teresa di Gallura S.365 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary 706 567 420 430 9851 4.ta Severa** (Santa Marinella) S.681 9. Vito Chietino S.143 5.205 8.471 Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Primary Primary Primary Primary Secondary Primary Pretreatment ? Primary 655 1267 1825 983 735 1420 715 4249 2136 485 14.257 4.057 13.46 3.076 70..50 - S.431 10.037 7.172 13.264 3.047 4.022 5. Vito lo Capo (includes: Torre dell’Impiso) S.ta Caterina Pittinuri (Cuglieri) S.

282 13.159 21.000.952 20.959 38.727 10.253 9.84 7.51 - Tindari** (Patti) Tirrenia*** (Pisa) Torcello** (Venezia) Torchiarolo Torre Annunziata* Torre Canne*** (Fasano) Torre del Greco* Torre Faro** (Messina) Torre Mileto*** (Sannicandro Garganico) Tortolì* (includes: Arbatax) Trabia Tramariglio** (Alghero) Trebisacce Tremestieri Etneo* Tricase* Trinitapoli* Tropea Vado Ligure Varazze* Vico del Gargano Vico Equense* Villafranca Tirrena Villasimius Viserba** (Rimini) Voltri** (Genova) Zapponeta 87.396 6.536 88. They are listed here because the Municipalities they belong to were not included in the previous report. ** As these towns belong to Municipalities (indicated in parenthesis) already included in the previous report.000.523 8.909 14.321 17.145 Yes Primary 440 Remarks: * Even if their population is higher than 10. therefore no population is indicated.. .023 9.372 16.204 Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Under construction Yes Yes Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary 12283 709 6714 5395 12372 2341 1435 Reuse Secondary Primary Primary Secondary Secondary Secondary Primary Primary 1282 2984 2507 2015 966 1159 1937 2873 1248 448 Reuse planned 3.069 47.737 5.902 8. these towns are listed here because they were not included in the previous report. their actual pollution load was considered.919 3. *** These towns belong to Municipalities (indicated in parenthesis) whose population is higher than 10.

accomplished.000 300.000 500.000 AND 10.200.000 1.000 Execution under Accomplished preparation Execution under Execution under preparation preparation Execution under Execution under preparation preparation Study Study accomplished.000 80..000 100. lack of funds lack of funds Study Study accomplished. to be secondary by 2010 Preliminary Secondary Secondary Secondary Secondary .000 30. Starting date: 2008 Under execution.000 600.000 80. lack of funds lack of funds Execution under Execution under preparation preparation Outlet at 2. accomplished.000 400.000-90.000 300.000.52 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.000 1.000 1.5 km operational Outlet at 700 m Accomplished Outlet at 700 m Accomplished Study under Execution under preparation preparation Execution under Execution under preparation preparation Secondary Secondary Primary.due date: 2007 Sewer lines Wastewater Treatment Method Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Wastewater Treated (m3/day) Discharge of Treated Wastewater Wastewater Untreated (m3/day) Discharge of Untreated Wastewater Study accomplished Secondary Under execution Secondary Secondary Secondary Aabdeh Tripoli Chekka Batroun Jbeil Kesrouane Jounieh Dora Ghadir Jieh Saida Zahrani Sour 80.000 Country: LEBANON Location Capacity/ Inhabitants Wastewater Treatment Plant Study accomplished.000.

000 AND 10.53 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.000 Country: LIBYA Cities * Badiy Bukamash * Al Garabuli Bu al Hun Ras Awage Ben Jawad Ras Lanuf * Bishr * Hania Bamba * Al Gardabnah Ptolemais * Hamama Apolonia *Ras al Hilal * Al Tamimi Permanent Population 27386 x 5773 x x x x 773 2949 x 2450 x 1795 x 1393 4364 Wastewater Treatment plant yes no yes no no no no no yes no yes no no no no yes Wastewater Treatment Method BioI.. treatment Degree of Treatment of Wastewater primary primary Wastewater Treatment m3/day 4. last Census of 2006. (a) the cities marked ( * ) fulfil the requirement and (b) the cities marked ( X ) were not included in the Census. treatment Biol. treatment primary 436 SO SO Remarks: The existing national tables include the available data and information on the population of the Libyan coastal cities.107 865 Discharge of Treated Wastewater SO SO Wastewater Untreated m3/day Discharge of Untreated Wastewater SO SO No No primary 244 245 SO SO SO Biol. .

54 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2..000 Country: MALTA City Permanent Population Wastewater Treatment Plant SASTP Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published SASTP Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Cumnija STP – Under Construction Wastewater Treatment Method CAS BAF BAF BAF BAF CAS BAF EAAS BAF BAF BAF CAS BAF BAF Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Tertiary1 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary Tertiary2 Tertiary1 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Wastewater Discharge of Wastewater Treated Treated Untreated (m3/day) Wastewater (m3/day) Marsa Land Catchment N/A N/A N/A N/A Marsa Land Catchment N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Marsa Land Catchment N/A N/A RB N/A N/A N/A N/A RB N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A RB N/A N/A N/A Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment N/A Malta South Catchment Malta North Catchment Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment N/A Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Discharge of Untreated Wastewater N/A SO SO SO SO N/A SO DI SO SO SO N/A SO SO Attard Paola Zurrieq Tarxien Birzebugia Siggiewi Gzira San Pawl il-Bahar Msida Valletta San Giljan Rabat Santa Venera Bormla 9539 9240 9196 7795 7782 7734 7477 7396 6916 6748 6746 6602 6271 6096 Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published SASTP Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published .000 AND 10.

.55 - Cumnija STP – Under Construction Mellieha Swieqi Marsascala Marsa Luga Ghaxaq Pieta Nadur Santa Lucia Xaghra Isla Iklin Xewkija Balzan Marsaxlokk Dingli Gudja Kalkara Birgu Mqabba 5952 5904 5611 5095 4956 4400 4110 3937 3774 3681 3543 3387 3320 3210 3043 3038 3037 2996 2922 2920 Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Gozo Catchment STP – Under Construction Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Gozo Catchment STP – Under Construction Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Gozo Catchment STP – Under Construction SASTP Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published SASTP Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published EAAS BAF BAF BAF BAF BAF BAF EAAS BAF EAAS BAF BAF EAAS CAS BAF CAS BAF BAF BAF BAF Tertiary1 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary1 Tertiary2 Tertiary1 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary1 Tertiary1 Tertiary2 Tertiary1 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Marsa Land Catchment N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A RB N/A RB N/A N/A N/A N/A Malta North Catchment Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Gozo Catchment Catchment Malta South Catchment Gozo Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Gozo Catchment N/A Malta South Catchment N/A Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment DI SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO N/A SO N/A SO SO SO SO .

The Gozo Catchment plant will have a design treatment capacity of 6. The construction of the plants in Gozo Catchment and the North Catchment of Malta is underway and planned for completion during the third quarter 2007.000m3/day of sewage.000m3/day. a plant situated between Zejtun and Marsascala. the Sant Antnin Plant STP (SASTP). The plant underwent an extensive upgrade in 1998. The South STP with a design capacity of 60. situated in the vicinity of the plant. one to the North Catchment of Malta at ic-Cumnija and the largest one in the South at Ta’ Barkat. meeting the irrigation water demand of circa 120 hectares of arable agricultural land. a figure which at that time equated to less than 10% of the sewage production total in Malta and Gozo Catchment. grit/grease removal. The plants will be located.000m3/day but until the early 90s was treating only 7. currently treats an average of about 5. a biological activated sludge stage and a tertiary stage (sand filtration and chlorination). Degree of Wastewater Treatment . one at Ta’ Mgarr ix-Xini in Gozo Catchment. The plant was originally designed for a capacity of 12..200 m3/day of sewage a day. Malta has identified the need for setting up three new STPs to conform with the EU Urban Waste Water Directive 91/271/EC.56 BAF EAAS BAF BAF Tertiary2 Tertiary1 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 Tertiary1 Tertiary1 Tertiary2 Tertiary2 N/A N/A N/A N/A Marsa Land Catchment N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Malta South Catchment Malta North Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment N/A Gozo Catchment Malta South Catchment Malta South Catchment Pembroke Mgarr Qrendi Floriana Lija Ghajnsielem and Comino Kirkop Ghargur 2907 2888 2508 2498 2469 2393 2156 2028 Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Cumnija STP – Under Construction Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published SASTP Gozo Catchment STP – Under Construction Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published Ta’ Barkat STP – Tender Published SO DI SO SO N/A SO SO SO CAS EAAS BAF BAF Remarks: RB N/A N/A N/A Acronyms SASTP – Sant Antnin Sewage Treatment Plant EAAS – Extended Aeration Activated Sludge Process CAS – Conventional Activated Sludge Process BAF – Biological Aerated Filter Process General Comments on Wastewater Treatment Plants Malta currently has a single urban wastewater treatment plant in operation.700m3/day. which has been in operation since 1983. primary sedimentation. The plant which is equipped with screening.000m3/day whereas the Malta North Catchment plant has a design capacity of 6. has been tendered out.

Msida. Malta North Gozo Malta South excluding Marsa Land Estimated Current Sewage Production by Catchment: Malta North Catchment . San Giljan. San Pawl il-Bahar. Paola. Mosta. SASTP will be decommissioned once the South STP at Ta’ Barkat will come on stream in 2009. Rabat (Gozo). Luqa. Kirkop. Munxar. Naxxar. Mqabba. Siggiewi. Floriana. The following is the estimated sewage production by catchment. Lija. Mgarr. Attard. Valletta. Nadur.000 m3/day . Ghargur. Xewkija. Zejtun. Xaghra. Kercem. Sliema. Zebbug. Zabbar. Kalkara. Balzan. Zurrieq. Gudja.Sand filtration followed by UV disinfection General comments re Wastewater Treated/Untreated The SASTP caters for the collection of agglomerations which is defined as the Marsa Land catchment. Iklin.900 m3/day Gozo catchment . Ta’ Xbiex. The catchments are defined as follows: Catchments Marsa Land Contributing Catchments by Local Council Dingli. Pieta’. Rabat. Gzira. San Gwann. Safi. Ghajnsielem. Fgura. Marsa. Swieqi. Xghajra. Hamrun. Qrendi. Mellieha. Bormla. Qala. M’Xlokk. Sannat. B’Kara. Santa Lucija. Ghaxaq. Ghasri. Birgu. The specific flow data by city is not available.5. Fontana. M’Scala. Zebbug. Tarxien. Mdina.51.57 - Tertiary1 – Sand filtration followed by Chlorine disinfection Tertiary2 .4. Qormi.. San Lawrenz. Gharb. Pembroke. Isla.800 m3/day Malta South Catchment . B’Buga. Santa Venera.

.719 3.000 AND 10.754 3.58 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.000 Country: MONTENEGRO City Permanent Population Wastewater Treatment Plant Wastewater Treatment Method Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Wastewater Treated (m3/day) Discharge of Treated Wastewater Wastewater Untreated (m3/day) *) Discharge of Untreated Wastewater HERCEG NOVI Municipality 30.909 10.331 2.034 Herceg Novi City Igalo Bijela KOTOR Municipality Kotor City Risan Dobrota TIVAT Municipality Tivat City BUDVA Municipality Budva City BAR Municipality Bar City Burtaiši Šušanj Sutomore 12.739 3.800 No 1.630 9.467 15.400 No 950 No 5.169 13.947 1.800 SO SO SO SS SO SO SS SS SS SS SO SO SO SO SO SO SO .748 22.013 2.827 No 8.083 8.037 13.918 40.750 No 5.212 1.

. Tourists and Industry) Source: NDA for Montenegro (SAPMED) Comment: The Suburban and rural settlements in the all municipalities were not connected to the urban sewage system.300 SO SO *) Estimated annual average in 2003..828 No - - - - 4.290 10. (Households.59 - ULCINJ Municipality Ulcinj City 20. mostly.y.

Clarification Lagoons (A+F+M) secondary secondary secondary primary secondary 10000 800 2360 3100 .000 AND 10.60 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.000 Country: MOROCCO City Province Al Hoceima Targuist Bni Bouayach Imzouren Aknoul Imzourn Bni Bourfrah Bni Gmil Bni Gmil Maksouline Senada Izemmouren Louta Rouadi Berkane Tafoghalt Saidia Chefchaoun Jebha Steha Nador Ben Taib El Aaroui Zaio (1) Zaio (2) Ait Mait Amejjaou Permanent Population 55357 11600 42100 3325 25547 10298 9461 9922 9870 4437 6325 8092 80012 3150 3338 31410 2984 10637 112450 10446 36021 25920 29841 7188 5977 Equivalent Population Wastewater Treatment Plant 1996 (operational) 2006 (operational) 2006 (operational) Wastewater Treatment Method Activated sludge Lagoons (A+F) Lagoons (A+F) Sedimentation – Clarification Activated sludge Degree of Wastewater Discharge Wastewater Discharge of Treatment Treated of Treated Untreated Untreated of (m3/day) Wastewater (m3/day) Wastewater Wastewater secondary secondary secondary primary secondary 3000 1200 5400 400 400 4000 1980 (out of service) 1976 (out of service) Al Hoceima Berkane 2006 (operational) 2004 (operational) 20000 1981 (non connected) Lagoons (A+F) Biological tower Activated sludge secondary secondary secondary 11200 Chefchaouen 100000 Nador 1978-91 (operational) 2008 (scheduled) 2004 (operational) (out of service) 2007 (scheduled) Activated sludge Lagoons (A+F) Lagoons (A+F) Sedimentation ..

Clarification primary Nador Oujda 1976 (out of service) (out of service+ not connected) 2008 (scheduled) Lagoons Sedimentation ..61 Dar El Kebdani Driouch (1) Driouch (2) Oulad Boubker Tazaghine Bni Chiker VBni Sidel Jbel Bni Sidel Louta Farkhana Iksane Afsou Bni Oukil Oulad M’Hand Oulad Daoud Zkhanine Ras El Ma Tiztoutine Azlaf Ben Taieb Boudinar Iferni M’Hajer Ouardana Oulad Amghar Tafrisset Talilit Kerouna Bni Drar Dar Chaoui (1) Dar Chaoui (2) Tanger Jouamaa Ksar El Majaz Al Bahraouine Ksar Sghir 2990 6884 10381 5765 5032 4188 9623 7331 10994 9001 3413 10496 3666 4532 4050 5337 10446 10504 7527 3232 6921 6342 3555 6161 2188 6663 1403 4495 657000 7173 8949 10501 10995 (out of service) Sedimentation .Clarification Lagoons (A+F+M) 150 89300 Tanger .

.62 Tanger Malloussa Oued Laou (M) Ain Lahsan Allyene Bni Harchen Tetouan Bghaghza Oulad Ali Mansour Sahtryine Zaouiat Sidi Kacem A : anaerobic ponds F : facultative ponds M : maturation ponds 10739 8383 6552 6126 7646 458800 6457 5612 7402 10495 Tetouan 54600 .

000 AND 10.000 Country: SLOVENIA City Permanent Population Wastewater Treatment Plant Connected to WWTP Piran Connected to WWTP Piran Connected to WWTP Piran Connected to WWTP Koper Connected to WWTP Koper Wastewater Treatment Method Aerated basin Aerated basin Aerated basin Aerated basin Aerated basin Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Primary treatment Primary treatment Primary treatment Primary treatment Primary treatment Wastewater Treated (m3/day) 8300* Discharge of Treated Wastewater SO SO SO Wastewater Untreated (m3/day) Discharge of Untreated Wastewater Luciia Piran Portoroz Jagodje Ankaran 6200 4040 2757 2147 2901 9000** Estuary of the river Rižana Estuary of the river Rižana Remarks: WWTP Piran and WWTP Koper are under reconstruction for secondary phase of treatment • *for WWTP Piran • ** for WWTP Koper .63 - MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2..

000 Country: SPAIN City Permanent Population (2006) Population Equivalent Population served Wastewater Treatment Plant Wastewater Treatment Method Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Wastewater Treated (m3/day) Discharge of Treated Wastewater Wastewater Untreated (m3/day) Discharge of Untreated Wastewater CATALONIA Cubelles i Cunit Sant Andreu de Llavaneres Montgat 1 Alella 2 L' Escala Arenys de Munt 3 11.394 4.000 4.439 SO None - Tiana 1 Cabrils 4 6.315 SO SO+RB None None - 20.750 6.536 6..813 1.634 Yes Yes See Besós See Teià Maresme sud Yes See Arenys de Mar See Besós See Mataró Biological Biological Secondary Tertiary (30%) 6.438 L' Ametlla de Mar Teia 2 Constanti 5 Portbou El Port de Selva Cadaques Roses Yes See Teià Maresme sud See Tarragona Yes Yes Yes Yes Biological Secondary 861 SO None - Biological Biological Biological Biological Tertiary (2%) Tertiary (3%) Tertiary (3%) Tertiary (4%) 507 567 1.374 10.795 7.706 20.927 70.744 5.000 Biological Secondary 6.64 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.922 17.000 AND 10.224 65.436 6.142 10.782 DI + RB Riera + RB SO+RB SO+RB None None None None - .500 2.173 2.721 7.427 9.463 9.424 19.623 100.591 1.305 26.347 908 2.704 1.835 9.013 8.867 5.

738 2.268 2.642 20.105. Santa Coloma de Gramanet (part).247 SO DI+RB+ creek None None - Castelldefels 8 Garraf (SitgesGarraf) Sitges Calafell Coma-ruga 9 Torredembara L' Hospitalet de l'Infant L' Ampolla El Perello 1) Besos Besos includes: Secondary Secondary Secondary 940 440 358.193 DI SO SS None None None Biological Biological Secondary Tertiary (15%) 594 25. Tiana .860 21.414 17.750 2.766 27.776 18.076 5.959 SO Coastal creek SO None None None - Badalona.508 2.134 (+ Vandellòs) 2.099 10.588) 4. Barcelona (part).239 SS None Biological Biological Biological Secondary Secondary Secondary 160 10..444 1.216 8.905 2.893 20.355 2. Sant Adrià del Besós (part). Mongat (part).010.613 800 (Disseny) 54.65 - Empurias (L'Escala) L' Estartit 6 Begur Tossa de Mar Malgrat de Mar Canet de Mar 3 Premia de Mar 2 El Masnou 2 Coastal area of l'Escala Coastal area of Torroella de Mongrit (10. Montcada i Reixac (part).300 See l'Escala See Torroella de Montgrí Yes Yes See Pineda de Mar See Arenys de Mar See Teià Maresme sud See Teià Maresme sud See GavàViladecans Yes Yes Yes See El Vendrell Yes under construction Yes Yes Yes Biological Pre treatment Biological aerated lagoons Biological Secondary 7.044 5.504 27.833 58.531 12.663 Coastal area of Sitges 25.521 Coastal area of El Vendrell 14.613 2.145 35.487 7.

386 195. Dosrius.5%) 136. Santa Susanna. Viladecans. Sant Salvador. Sant Climent de Llobregat.66 - 2) Teià Maresme Sud Teià .373 SO None - Argentona. Teia.297 SO None - Alella.314 81. Malgrat de Mar 317.091 40.961 Yes Biological Secondary 5.000 Yes Biological Secondary 3. Vilassar de Dalt.. Les Botigues de Sitges 59.554 SO None - 166. Masnou. Els Pallaresos.Maresme Sud includes: 3) Arenys de mar Arenys de Mar includes: 4) Mataró Mataró includes: 5) Tarragona Tarragona includes: 6) Torroella de Montgrí Torroella de Montgrí includes: 7) Pineda de Mar Pineda de Mar includes: 8) GavàViladecans GavàViladecans includes 9) El Vendrell El Vendrell includes: 123. Premia de Dalt. Arenys de Munt.671 Yes Biological Secondary 16. Premia de Mar. Mataró. l'Estartit 68. Cabrils.655 165. Palafolls.000 Yes Biological Secondary 42. Tarragona.744 SO None - Arenys de Mar. Vilassar de Dalt 21.904 Yes Biological Secondary 25.666 (disseny) 68.403 Coastal creek None - El Vendrell.750 Yes Biological 6.905 Torroella de Montgrí.000 Yes Biological Secondary 28. Calella.890 DI None - Gavà.000 SS None - Pineda. Santa Oliva. Ullà. Castelldefels. Vilassar de Mar 132.428 Yes pre-treatment 40. Tertiary (0.883 34.178 Constanti. Sant Vicenç de Calders. Cabrera de Mar. Canet de Mar 110. Coma-ruga i Albinyana .146 SS (coastal creek) None - 24.

263 7.059 2.689 3.167 5..178 Yes Secondary 1.548 2.890 Yes Yes No Secondary Secondary Screening 549 853 None None 1.428 Ravine None BENISSA 12.171 No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Screening Secondary Secondary Secondary Secondary Chemical addition plus secondary treatment 1.278 12.000 8.824 SO ALMENARA 5.424 7.432 Extended aeration Extended aeration Screening and submarine outfall Extended aeration triple carrousel Orbal system Extended aeration plug flow system Double carrousel extended aeration Screening and submarine outfall Extended aeration Extended aeration Extended aeration Extended aeration Activated sludge RB Ravine Carraixet Small lagoon SO 2.032 1.666 9.67 - Murcia Atamaría Valencia ALBORAYA ALCALA DE XIVERT ALCALA DE XIVERT 21.006 Yes Secondary 494 None CANET D'EN BERENGUER ELX FAVARA FINESTRAT MONCOFA NULES 4.074 See above 8.342 6.734 3.965 4.172 5.312 2.935 SO Irrigation ditch Irrigation canal Irrigation canal and Anchero river Belcaire river Ravine Juan de Mora 3.696 219.760 None None None None None SO .437 Yes Secondary 1.324 5.219 458 285 3.114 Ravine Pou d'Avall Ravine Ravachol None CABANES 2.482 4.

250 No 1.786 2.041 Yes 1.110 546 SO Irrigation lagoon Irrigation ditch and Segura river Irrigation lagoon Irrigation canal del Rey Irrigation canal Mare Irrigation canal Mare None None ORIHUELA ROJALES SUECA TAVERNES DE LA VALLDIGNA TAVERNES DE LA VALLDIGNA See above 15.745 4.304 1.838 Yes 805 None TORREBLANCA 5.884 8.979 8.146 Yes Secondary 469 Irrigation canal Roll de la Fila Irrigation canal Acequia Ribàs Irrigation canal La Sequiota None None None .221 7.077 SO Ravine Teulada None TEULADA See above 4.931 Yes 402 VALENCIA See above 4.844 77.593 17.228 1.310 Yes Secondary 641 VALENCIA See above 2.702 3.745 7.553 SO None VALENCIA 805.304 2.68 Activated sludge plug flow Extended aeration carrousel Extended aeration carrousel Extended aeration Activated sludge Activated sludge Extended aeration Chemical treatment and submarine outfall Extended aeration Activated sludge Extended aeration compact Extended aeration Extended aeration carrousel OLIVA ORIHUELA 26.193 Yes Yes Secondary Secondary Chemical addition plus secondary treatment Secondary Secondary and Physicochemical Secondary Secondary Chemical treatment with P removal Secondary Chemical addition plus secondary treatment with N & P removal Secondary 3.987 27.867 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 562 495 1.554 None None None None None TEULADA 12.864 4.988 See above 2..

410) Felanitx (16.131 755 648 None None None None 5..538 8.461 2.159 Average popul-equiv Andratx (10.151 11.681 11.301 1.172) Capdepera (11.000 1.500 210 105 210 No data available 204 No data available 2.762 4.074) Andratx (10.666 6.727 3.367 2.083 219 415 538 306 SO-RB SO RB SO-RB SO RB None None None None None None .000 5.410) Capdepera (11.333 10.333 4.585 2.69 Extended aeration carrousel Extended aeration carrousel Extended aeration Extended aeration Activated sludge Extended aeration Extended aeration Extended aeration Extended aeration Activated sludge Activated sludge Extended aeration Lagoons Irrigation canal Albufera Irrigation canal Albufera Girona river Ravine Martina Coastal waters Coastal waters Coastal waters Coastal waters Coastal waters Coastal waters Coastal waters Coastal creek Coastal creek VALENCIA VALENCIA VERGER.281 2.666 3.668 6.041 3.730) 8.037 Maximum popul-equiv 13.116 1.767 3.222 1.925 2.181 14. EL XERESA Andalucía Algarrobo BalanegraBalerma CarchunaCalahonda Castell de FerroGualchos La Herradura Manilva Torrox Palmones Vera Balearic Islands ANDRATX CALA FERRERA CALA MESQUIDA CAMP DE MAR CANYAMEL COLÒNIA DE SANT PERE See above See above 4.432 Yes Yes Yes Yes Secondary Secondary Secondary Secondary 2.736 3.074) Artà (6.000 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Secondary Secondary Secondary Tertiary Secondary Secondary Secondary Secondary Secondary 6.305 None None None None None None None None None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Activated Sludge Extended Aeration Aerated Lagoons Activated Sludge Extended Aeration Tertiary Tertiary Secondary Secondary Tertiary Secondary 1.948) & Santanyí (11.670 7.

938 674 3.108 2.503 San Joan de Labritja (4.074) Felanitx (16.666 4.965 1.468) & Ferreries (4.941 1.333 6.333 4.666 3.70 FONT DE SA CALA PORTOCOLOM SA RÀPITA SON SERRA CALA EN PORTER CALA GALDANA ES MIGJORN CALA DE SANT VICENT CALA LLONGA PORT DE SANT MIQUEL Capdepera (11.296) + Llucmajor (31.000 12.381) Santa Margalida (10..666 4.000 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Tertiary Secondary Secondary Tertiary Tertiary Tertiary Tertiary Secondary Secondary Tertiary 376 745 233 349 466 416 591 101 591 221 SO-RB SO-RB RB RB SO RB RB RB RB RB None None None None None None None None None None .152) San Joan de Labritja (4.666 13.476) 1.933) Ciutadella (27.503 4.204) Alaior (8.975) Activated Sludge Extended Aeration Extended Aeration Extended Aeration Extended Aeration Extended Aeration Extended Aeration Aerated Lagoons Extended Aeration Extended Aeration 2.948) Campos (8.333 12.774 3.975) Santa Eularia del Riu (27.471 6.555 2.323 3.666 9.

71 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.000 Country: SYRIA City Permanent Population Wastewater Treatment Plant no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no Wastewater Treatment Method Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Wastewater Treated (m3/day) Discharge of Wastewater Treated Untreated Wastewater (m3/day) 972 795 514 385 606 495 723 855 574 344 337 808 492 597 411 609 807 629 394 308 622 681 366 630 355 Discharge of Untreated Wastewater SO SO SS SS SS SO SO SS DI SO SO DI SS SO SO SS SS SS SO SS SS SO SO SS SS Asqubeen Burge Al-Qasab Baksa Stmerkhu Senguan Shamiah Latakia Qanjera Kersana Meshairfet Al-Samoot Bahloliah Jandiriah Burge Eslam Shabatliah Saleeb Al-turkman Mashkita Hanadi Bassa Sunober Shair Shalfatiah Fadiu Berjal Beili Jeli Hamimeem Huaiz 6181 5304 3433 2389 4044 3301 4825 5700 3832 2298 2250 5456 3283 3984 2741 4061 5382 4198 2632 2059 4147 4540 2442 4206 2372 .000 AND 10..

72 Ra's Al-Ein Arab..Almulk Qabu Awamiah Ein Al-Sharqieah Hadan Zama Zabadieh Ein Qabta Qalaie' Qateilbieah Babda Duairet Babda Ein Shqaq Rawdet Benjaroo Seiano Budi Dalia Hafeh Salma Saferqieah Kelmakho Al-Qerdaha Harf Mesietra Qasmeen Jubat Berghal Kassab Ein Al-teenah Harf Al-mesietra 4007 3759 2219 2746 4132 2676 2016 3126 2218 3483 2811 2879 4245 2456 5975 3713 4613 7184 2288 2024 2662 8690 2741 2223 7263 3625 7619 7323 no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no no 601 563 332 411 619 401 302 468 332 522 421 431 363 368 896 557 691 1077 343 303 399 1303 411 333 1089 543 1142 1098 SS SO SO SS SO SO SS SO SO SS SO SO SS SS SO SO SS SO SS SO SS SS SO SS SS DI DI SS .

73 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.000 Country : TUNISIA City Khlidia* Rafraf* Mètline* Ghar El Melh* Aousja Tazarka Maâmoura* Somaa* Menzel Horr* Permanent Population 6731 9839 7370 5018 3980 7613 6619 6287 4798 Wastewater Treatment Plant Connected to WWTP Sud Méliane Connected to WWTP Awsaja Operational before end 2007 WWTP Tazzrka ..AlAghzaz* Korbous Haouaria Bouficha* 7806 tertiary 780 _ 780 DI 780 3551 9273 8701 tertiary Oxidation ditch Activated sludge with extended aeration secondary secondary 355 927 76000 _ DI 870 355 355 927 0 DI - .000 AND 10. Study prepared Will be connected to WWTP Tazarka Will be connected to WWTP Menzel Témime : Study prepared Will be connected to WWTP Korba Connected to WWTP Kélibia Finalisation of construction works by end of 2007 Yes Connected to WWTP Hammamet Sud Wastewater Treatment Method Oxidation ditch Oxidation ditch + extended aeration Degree of Treatment of Wastewater secondary Population Equivalent (1) 350000 Wastewater Treated (m3/day) 673 983 511 501 295 0 secondary 85000 Discharge of Treated Wastewater RB :120 DI : 553 _ _ _ _ _ Wastewater Untreated (m3/day) 0 983 511 501 295 761 661 628 479 Discharge of Untreated Wastewater DI DI DI DI DI DI DI DI Oxidation ditch secondary 0 0 479 Oxidation ditch Activated sludge with extended aeration Activated sludge with extended aeration secondary Elmida* 3437 tertiary 74898 343 _ 343 DI Hammam.

that receive the domestic wastewater from other communities (cities in the first column) (2) The estimation of the daily quantity of treated wastewater in m3 is based on an average consumption of 100 litres per person/day .74 - Hergla Zaouet Sousse* Ksibet -thrayet* Lamta* Bou Hjar* Khnis* Réjich* Malloulech Skhira Metouia 6332 10455>10000 8762 5408 4831 9748 8925 6411 8627 9946 Construction study is finalized Connected to WWTP Sousse Sud Connected to WWTP Sayada Connected to WWTP Monastir Frina Connected to WWTP Mahdia Without station Activated sludge + trickling filter aerobic stabilisation Activated sludge + Oxidation ditch Activated sludge with extended aeration Aerated ponds secondary 320000 0 1045 872 RB DI RB DI RB DI RB DI DI DI DI 633 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 DI 0 0 Continental environment secondary 17000 2032 secondary tertiary 148500 150000 5575 4618 641 (treated indirectly) 862 (treated indirectly) 994 0 (the expected capacity is of 3 2850 m / d) Programme on the technical and institutional study for the sanitation of small cities No treatment plant Activated sludge : 2700 3 m /d (work in progress) : activated sludge Yes : Testing phase (WWTP MetouiaOuethref) WWTP Mareth – Azzarat secondary Azzarat 5205 secondary - 520 * The cities with asterisk are connected to a major Wastewater Treatment Plant (1) The population equivalent is relative to the treatment plants underligned..

53 127.00 600.39 280.00 435.65 104.00 210.00 50.75 MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL CITIES WITH POPULATION BETWEEN 2.00 49.08 219.00 230.00 397.80 146.20 76.00 286.75 18.00 55.000 AND 10.00 120.95 158.77 117.25 43.78 51.28 83.00 350..000 Country: TURKEY Province County Municipality Permanent Population Wastewater Treatment Plant Wastewater Treatment Method Degree of Treatment of Wastewater Wastewater Wastewat Wastewater Discharge of Wastewater Discharge of Treated er Untreated Treated Untreated Untreated (1000 Treated (1000 Wastewater (m3/day) Wastewater 3 3 m /year) (m /day) m3/year) ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA ADANA SEYHAN SEYHAN YÜREĞİR YÜREĞİR YÜREĞİR YÜREĞİR YÜREĞİR YÜREĞİR ALADAĞ ALADAĞ CEYHAN CEYHAN CEYHAN FEKE KARAİSALI KARAİSALI KARAİSALI POZANTI SAİMBEYLİ TUFANBEYLİ KARAYUSUFLU KÜÇÜKDİKİLİ ABDİOĞLU BAKLALI HAVUTLU SOLAKLI SULUCA YUNUSOĞLU ALADAĞ AKÖREN BÜYÜKMANGIT DORUK MUSTAFABEYLİ FEKE KARAİSALI ÇATALAN SALBAŞ POZANTI SAİMBEYLİ TUFANBEYLİ 5479 8255 5642 3346 7030 9124 2781 7858 6674 4211 3260 5075 2611 4632 6883 2595 3055 9627 5198 5332 N/I N/I NO NO NO N/I NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO 35.75 144.00 102.00 140.00 350.00 400.00 135.00 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A DI N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A .00 322.10 20.00 127.91 98.

00 60.00 SO SO SO N/A N/A N/A 69.00 35.00 250.00 5000.70 3784.60 182.85 Biological Biological Biological Biological Secondary Secondary Secondary Secondary 2766.00 SO 105.00 N/A N/A SO SO 102.25 410.00 500.25 50.77 98.00 138.00 N/A 12.00 DI 149.80 7580.00 120.00 40.20 96.0 0 8986.52 1248.00 150.75 N/A 29.00 348.00 80.00 Biological Physical Secondary Primary 182.70 73.35 190.37 20.00 N/A SO N/A N/A N/A SO N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Biological Secondary 455.73 14.65 91.00 200.00 380.50 102.50 91.00 57.90 138.32 3279..20 N/A Biological Secondary 1825.00 250.81 .78 127.00 290.00 280.02 21.76 - ADANA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA ANTALYA AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN AYDIN YUMURTALIK AKSEKİ AKSEKİ ALANYA ALANYA ALANYA GÜNDOĞMUŞ KEMER KEMER KEMER KORKUTELİ MANAVGAT MANAVGAT MANAVGAT SERİK SERİK MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ BOZDOĞAN BOZDOĞAN BUHARKENT ÇİNE GERMENCİK GERMENCİK KARACASU KOÇARLI KÖŞK KUYUCAK YUMURTALIK CEVİZLİ KUYUCAK AVSALLAR CİKCİLLİ YEŞİLKÖY GÜNDOĞMUŞ BELDİBİ ÇAMYUVA TEKİROVA BOZOVA EVRENSEKİ GÜNDOĞDU SARILAR BOĞAZKENT GEBİZ ÇEŞTEPE DALAMA OVAEYMİR TEPECİK BOZDOĞAN YAZIKENT BUHARKENT AKÇAOVA HIDIRBEYLİ MURSALLI KARACASU YENİKÖY KÖŞK KUYUCAK 4745 7737 4841 8493 5167 3401 5021 9718 7480 5769 2106 5502 3010 3838 2191 4191 5510 2073 6518 3764 8300 2214 7074 2905 2093 2049 5915 5174 8349 7282 YES NO NO YES NO N/I NO N/I N/I N/I YES N/I N/I NO YES NO NO NO NO NO YES NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO NO Biological Secondary 35.00 280.00 N/A 54.00 10368.20 500.00 265.89 43.

65 146.55 70.00 Biological Secondary 25.85 80.00 363.00 233.77 AYDIN AYDIN BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR BALIKESİR ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE SÖKE SULTANHİSAR MERKEZ BANDIRMA BİGADİÇ BURHANİYE EDREMİT EDREMİT ERDEK GÖMEÇ GÖNEN HAVRAN İVRİNDİ İVRİNDİ İVRİNDİ İVRİNDİ KEPSUT MANYAS MARMARA MARMARA SAVAŞTEPE SINDIRGI SUSURLUK SUSURLUK AYVACIK AYVACIK BİGA BİGA ÇAN EZİNE GELİBOLU SAVUCA ATÇA PAMUKÇU EDİNCİK İSKELE PELİTKÖY GÜRE KADIKÖY KARŞIYAKA KARAAĞAÇ SARIKÖY BÜYÜKDERE İVRİNDİ BÜYÜKYENİCE KAYAPA KORUCU KEPSUT MANYAS MARMARA AVŞAADASI SARIBEYLER YÜREĞİL GÖBEL KARAPÜRÇEK AYVACIK KÜÇÜKKUYU GÜMÜŞÇAY KARABİGA TERZİALAN GEYİKLİ EVREŞE 7932 7660 3147 5084 2028 2162 3944 4404 2786 2459 5279 2226 5772 2598 2140 2185 5545 5455 2215 2611 3610 2441 2440 2029 6475 5261 2509 3131 2427 3635 2145 N/I YES NO NO NO NO NO N/I NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO 109.75 54.98 248.50 58.00 265.00 190.00 280.00 150.00 150.00 290.98 169.00 680.00 390.00 160.00 400.25 208.00 N/A 65.02 61.00 168.00 252.00 200.35 132.00 312.00 148.00 500.70 182.75 69.00 220.32 73.00 873.67 300.00 640..00 464.73 80.50 54.50 146.35 180.20 142.60 102.00 315.00 400.00 570.05 54.00 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A SO DI N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A SO SO N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A DI N/A DI N/A N/A .00 96.00 221.40 91.20 318.00 105.36 113.00 450.30 114.88 164.

00 170.00 410.00 120.00 390.00 58.45 63.00 100.00 180.00 240.80 87.00 193.00 65.75 149.00 40.70 100.60 131.60 14.00 200.00 197.13 211.78 ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE ÇANAKKALE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE EDİRNE HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY GÖKÇEADA LAPSEKİ LAPSEKİ YENİCE YENİCE YENİCE ENEZ HAVSA İPSALA İPSALA İPSALA İPSALA KEŞAN MERİÇ MERİÇ MERİÇ SÜLEOĞLU UZUNKÖPRÜ UZUNKÖPRÜ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ ALTINÖZÜ ALTINÖZÜ GÖKÇEADA LAPSEKİ UMURBEY YENİCE KALKIM PAZARKÖY ENEZ HAVSA İPSALA ESETÇE İBRİKTEPE SULTAN BEĞENDİK MERİÇ KÜPLÜ SUBAŞI SÜLEOĞLU KIRCASALİH KURTBEY DURSUNLU GÜZELBURÇ KARLISU KÜÇÜKDALYAN MAŞUKLU ODABAŞI OVAKENT ŞENKÖY TURUNÇLU YEŞİLPINAR ALTINÖZÜ ALTINKAYA 7254 8489 3078 5487 2145 2064 3941 8081 8471 2160 2074 2020 2252 3382 3272 2199 6548 3922 2206 5147 5259 3754 5637 3633 7184 5413 2095 2865 3330 5352 3433 NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO 127.10 87.25 62.00 194.65 82.65 350.40 91.00 210.01 76.00 240.95 47.00 250.00 450.91 43.00 258.25 142.17 164.05 51.00 225.00 SO DI DI N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A .00 173.40 65.70 36.45 70.00 274.15 71.81 94.73 33..35 23.70 84.00 180.00 580.00 160.60 73.00 140.00 93.32 70.00 160.00 130.40 65.00 231.00 360.50 58.

.00 205.50 76.75 54.35 240.00 Pyhsical Primary 10.00 350.00 797.75 73.79 HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY HATAY MERSİN MERSİN MERSİN MERSİN MERSİN MERSİN MERSİN MERSİN MERSİN MERSİN MERSİN MERSİN İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR DÖRTYOL HASSA KIRIKHAN SAMANDAĞ SAMANDAĞ YAYLADAĞI YAYLADAĞI MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ MERKEZ AYDINCIK ÇAMLIYAYLA ÇAMLIYAYLA ERDEMLİ GÜLNAR TARSUS TARSUS GÜZELBAHÇE ALİAĞA BAYINDIR BAYINDIR BERGAMA BERGAMA BERGAMA BEYDAĞ ÇEŞME FOÇA FOÇA KARABURUN KARAKESE AKTEPE KURTLUSOĞUKSU AKNEHİR TEKEBAŞI YAYLADAĞI KARAKÖSE ADANALIOĞLU ÇİFTLİKKÖY FATİH KARACAİLYAS YALINAYAK AYDINCIK ÇAMLIYAYLA SEBİL KIZKALESİ KUSKAN ATALAR YEŞİLTEPE YELKİ HELVACI ÇIRPI ZEYTİNOVA GÖÇBEYLİ YENİKENT ZEYTİNDAĞ BEYDAĞ ALAÇATI BAĞARASI GERENKÖY KARABURUN 5819 8692 3472 2707 6393 7717 2374 9958 5590 4188 6503 3571 7941 8806 4894 8139 3069 3454 2447 2070 4097 5893 2085 3037 3398 4354 5521 8401 3031 3263 2932 NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO N/I NO YES N/I N/I YES NO NO NO NO NO N/I NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES Biological Secondary 23.31 43.00 N/A 87.00 60.00 115.90 63.36 64.00 157.70 74.00 210.00 300.50 69.80 127.00 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A DI N/A N/A N/A .46 57.90 30.88 41.50 94.90 127.00 N/A N/A N/A SO N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A SO N/A N/A Pyhsical Primary 138.75 170.60 109.00 350.00 90.00 190.00 150.00 200.83 240.85 350.91 65.00 660.75 32.43 182.00 300.00 260.00 180.00 500.70 380.65 109.00 120.00 350.95 21.00 N/A N/A DI 127.75 290.00 175.98 45.00 467.00 N/A 16.00 127.

00 127.00 320.00 300.50 292.40 116.00 800.00 300.00 235.00 SO N/A 58.75 160.75 109.00 260.03 81.00 320.00 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A .86 116.00 160.03 113.80 İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR İZMİR KEMALPAŞA KEMALPAŞA KEMALPAŞA KEMALPAŞA KEMALPAŞA KINIK KINIK MENDERES MENDERES MENDERES MENEMEN MENEMEN MENEMEN MENEMEN MENEMEN ÖDEMİŞ ÖDEMİŞ ÖDEMİŞ ÖDEMİŞ ÖDEMİŞ ÖDEMİŞ ÖDEMİŞ ÖDEMİŞ ÖDEMİŞ SEFERİHİSAR TİRE TORBALI TORBALI TORBALI TORBALI ARMUTLU BAĞYURDU ÖREN ULUCAK YUKARIKIZILCA POYRACIK YAYAKENT GÖRECE GÜMÜLDÜR TEKELİ HARMANDALI KOYUNDERE MALTEPE SEYREK TÜRKELLİ BADEMLİ BİRGİ BOZDAĞ ÇAYLI KAYAKÖY KAYMAKÇI KONAKLI OVAKENT ZEYTİNLİK DOĞANBEYPAYAMLI GÖKÇEN AYRANCILAR ÇAYBAŞI KARAKUYU PANCAR 7046 7738 3826 4646 2225 7001 2421 7431 8716 2971 3464 3998 2649 5630 2653 3435 2838 2455 2319 2197 4958 2616 4054 2533 6161 3052 7719 7276 2013 4414 NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES YES NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO NO N/I NO NO NO NO NO NO 127.72 116.00 1500.00 685.00 164.00 222.80 58.50 73.45 250.25 182.00 Biological Biological Secondary Secondary 547.80 109.00 320.00 480.00 85.75 94.54 85.78 116.00 500.00 312.40 65.50 47.00 350.80 31.71 175.00 180.00 796.00 728.03 454.00 200.88 350.90 127.00 320..00 350.80 59.00 N/A DI N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 165.00 250.00 130.20 91.50 265.70 290.

00 N/A 51.17 3000.00 N/A *2004 Statistical Data From TUIK (Turkish Statistical Institute) N/I: No Information N/A: Not Applicable Information .10 47.00 N/A N/A N/A Biological Secondary 109.50 300.78 600.10 36.00 130.50 1500.00 N/A 65.70 91.00 250.00 921.00 600.00 151.00 SO DI N/A N/A Biological Biological Secondary Secondary 1095.00 336.00 99.14 140.45 140..00 N/A N/A Biological Secondary 109.00 62.00 416.25 450.50 300.00 172.00 N/A N/A 51.84 219.81 İZMİR MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA MUĞLA TORBALI BODRUM BODRUM BODRUM BODRUM BODRUM BODRUM FETHİYE KAVAKLIDERE KAVAKLIDERE KÖYCEĞİZ MARMARİS MARMARİS MARMARİS MİLAS MİLAS ORTACA ULA YATAĞAN YAZIBAŞI BİTEZ GÖLTÜRKBÜKÜ KONACIK MUMCULAR ORTAKENTYAHŞİ TURGUTREİS ÖLÜDENİZ KAVAKLIDERE MENTEŞE KÖYCEĞİZ BELDİBİ İÇMELER TURUNÇ GÜLLÜK SELİMİYE DALYAN AKYAKA TURGUT 6179 4983 3851 4035 2166 4662 8540 5600 3432 2641 7523 4848 9348 2400 3338 4148 4848 2193 2256 NO YES YES NO NO YES NO NO NO NO YES N/I N/I YES NO NO YES NO NO Biological Secondary 707.01 1937.00 N/A 219.25 180.00 N/A N/A Biological Secondary 547.00 N/A N/A 164.

82 - PART III GRAPHS PRESENTING THE CURRENT SITUATION WITH RESPECT TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN ..

000 INHABITANS 200 180 160 140 NUMBER OF CITIES 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Al ba ni a C ro at ia C yp ru s Eg yp t Sy ria Ita ly co Sl ov en ia Fr an ce G re ec e M or oc te n Tu ni si a Tu rk ey Is ra el M al ta Li by a eg ro Sp ai n COUNTRIES M on .000 AND 10.83 - MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL TOWNS WITH POPULATION OF BETWEEN 2..

84 - MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL POPULATION by .POPULATION 100 000 200 000 300 000 400 000 500 000 600 000 700 000 800 000 900 000 0 Al ba ni a ia C ro at yp ru s yp C Eg t Fr an ce G re ec e Is ra e l Ita ly a M M al ta on te ne gr o M or oc co Sl ov en ia Sp ai n Sy Tu ni Tu ria si a rk ey Li COUNTRIES .

85 - WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS (WWTPs) IN COASTAL TOWNS WITH POPULATION OF BETWEEN 2.9% Number of coastal cities served by WWTPs 48.2% WWTPs in maintenance/temporarly out of operation/No information 2.9% WWTPs Under Construction/Projected 7.9% .000 INHABITANTS Number of coastal cities without WWTPs 40.000 AND 10..

- 86 -

DEGREE OF TREATMENT

Unknown 0%

Pretreatment 10% Primary 22%

Tertiary 28%

Secondary 40%

- 87 -

DISCHARGE OF TREATED WASTEWATER

Ss: discharge through many small submarine outfalls 1% SO: discharge through a submarine outfall 25%

DI: discharge directly into the sea 12% RE:discharge is re-used 12%

Other (Desert,groundwater, lake, ravines, rivers, septic tanks etc) 11%

No information 39%

- 88 -

DISCHARGE OF UNTREATED WASTEWATER

DI: discharge directly into the sea 7% Ss: discharge through many small submarine outfalls 18%

RE:discharge is re-used 0% Other (Desert,groundwater, lake, ravines, rivers, septic tanks etc) 24%

SO: discharge through a submarine outfall 14%

No information 37%

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Lignes directrices sur l'application des meilleures techniques disponibles (MTD) et des meilleures pratiques environnementales (MPE) aux sources industrielles de DBO. 2004. French). French). French). 2004. UNEP/MAP/RAC/CP: Guidelines for the application of Best Environmental Practices (BEPs) for the rational use of fertilisers and the reduction of nutrient loss from agriculture for the Mediterranean region. MTS 143. French). d'ici à 2010. 2004.90 - . 2004. UNEP/MAP: Athens. (English. 2004. Lignes directrices sur l'application des meilleures techniques disponibles (MTD). 2004. (English. 2004. UNEP/MAP/MED POL/WHO: Guidelines for the management of industrial wastewater for the Mediterranean Region. French). MTS 144. Lignes directrices pour la gestion des eaux usées industrielles dans la région méditerranéenne. UNEP/MAP/MED POL: Plan for the management of hazardous waste. French). 2004. Plan de réduction de 20%. (English. 2003. Lignes directrices sur la gestion des détritus côtiers pour la région méditerranéenne. UNEP/MAP/RAC/CP: Guidelines for the application of Best Available Techniques (BATs). MTS 142. UNEP/MAP: Athens. (English. (English. UNEP/MAP/MED POL: Guidelines for the development of ecological status and stress reduction indicators for the Mediterranean Region. UNEP/MAP/MED POL: Plan for the management PCBs waste and nine pesticides for the Mediterranean Region. MTS 153. UNEP/MAP: Athens. French).MTS 155. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 2004. 2004. UNEP/MAP: Athens. including inventory of hazardous waste in the Mediterranean region. UNEP/MAP/MED POL: Guidelines for river (including estuaries) pollution monitoring programme for the Mediterranean Region. French. MTS 146. French). Lignes directrices pour un programme de surveillance continue de la pollution fluviale (estuarienne y comprise) dans la région méditerranéenne. MTS 145. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/MED POL/WHO: Guidelines on management of coastal litter for the Mediterranean region. French). French. d'éléments nutritifs et de matières en suspension pour la région méditerranéenne. nutrients and suspended solids for the Mediterranean region. UNEP/MAP/RAC/CP: Guidelines for the application of Best Available Techniques (BATs) and Best Available Practices (BEPs) in industrial sources of BOD. Plan de gestion des déchets dangereux. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. French). (English. MTS 148. UNEP/MAP: Athens. (English. MTS 151. UNEP/MAP/MED POL: Riverine transport of water. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Best Environmental Practices (BEPs) and Cleaner Technologies (CTs) in industries of the Mediterranean countries. (English. 2004. des apports de DBO d'origine industrielle dans la région méditerranéenne. Lignes directrices pour l'élaboration d'indicateurs d'état écologique et de réduction du stress. 2004. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Plan de gestion des déchets dangereux. UNEP/MAP: Athens. d'ici à 2010. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Lignes directrices sur le traitement et l'élimination des eaux usées dans la région méditerranéenne. Lignes directrices sur les systèmes d'inspection environnementale pour la région méditerranéenne. des meilleures pratiques environnementales (MPE) et des technologies plus propres dans les industries des pays méditerranéens. UNEP/MAP/RAC/CP: Plan for the reduction by 20% by 2010 of the generation of hazardous wastes from industrial installations for the Mediterranean region. Plan de réduction de 50%. UNEP/MAP/MED POL/WHO: Guidelines on sewage treatment and disposals for the Mediterranean Region. French). MTS 141. MTS 149. 2004. de la génération de déchets dangereux provenant des installations industrielles dans la région méditerranéenne. sediments and pollutants to the Mediterranean Sea. MTS 154. MTS 152. Arabic). UNEP/MAP/MED POL: Plan on reduction of input of BOD by 50% by 2010 from industrial sources for the Mediterranean region. (English. Lignes directrices sur l'application des meilleures pratiques environnementales (MPE) pour l'utilisation des engrais et la réduction des pertes d'éléments nutritifs dans l'agriculture en région méditerranéenne. French). (English. y compris un inventaire des déchets dangereux dans la région méditerranéenne. UNEP/MAP/MED POL/WHO: Reference handbook on environmental compliance and enforcement in the Mediterranean region. (English. Manuel de référence sur le respect et l'application effective des dispositions environnementales dans la région méditerranéenne. MTS 147. UNEP/MAP: Athens. (English. MTS 150. y compris un inventaire des déchets dangereux dans la région méditerranéenne. (English). Arabic). UNEP/MAP: Athens. (English. UNEP/MAP/MED POL/WHO: Guidelines on environmental inspection systems for the Mediterranean region. (English. 2004. .

5 – 8 octobre 2000 (Parts in English & French). UNEP/MAP/WMO: MED POL Manual on Sampling and Analysis of Aerosols and Precipitation for Major Ions and Trace Elements. Antalya. Actes de l'atelier sur les especes Caulerpa invasives en Méditerranée. English). UNEP/MAP: Athens. France. Antalya. France. Sophia Antipolis. (English. Greece. MTS 138. MTS 132. Heraklion. UNEP/MAP/MED POL: Guidelines for the management of fish waste or organic materials resulting from the processing of fish and other marine organisms. 1999. MTS 131. Egypt: Final Integrated Report and Selected Documents. (2 Vols. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/WMO: Atmospheric Input of Persistent Organic Pollutants to the Mediterranean Sea. Heraklion. (English. UNEP/MAP/MED POL: Mariculture in the Mediterranean. Turkey. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 123. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Athènes. PNUE/PAM: PAC DU PAM "Zone côtière de Sfax": Synthèse des études du projet. UNEP/MAP: Athens. . 1998. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/MCSD/Blue Plan: Report of the Workshop on Tourism and Sustainable Development in the Mediterranean. 2001. MTS 134. Territorial Prospective in the Mediterranean and the Approach by Actors. La prospective territoriale en Méditerranée et l’approche par acteurs. Montpellier/Mèze. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Remedial Actions for Pollution Mitigation and Rehabilitation in Cases of Non-compliance with Established Criteria. 2002. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 128. MTS 127. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1999. UNEP/MAP/BLUE PLAN: Free Trade and the Environment in the Euro-Mediterranean Context. Identification des “Points Chauds” et “Zones Sensibles” de polution prioritaire en Méditerranée. Grèce.91 - . 1999. French). rapport de la réunion de clôture et autres documents choisis. UNEP/MAP/WMO: Atmospheric Input of Mercury to the Mediterranean Sea. 18-20 mars 1998. 2000. UNEP/MAP/MED POL: Guidelines for the Management of Dredged Material. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1998. Spanish & Arabic). MTS 124. Volume III: National Studies. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/BLUE PLAN: Minutes of the Seminar. French. (French). Les Stations d’épuration des eaux usées municipales dans les villes cotiers de la Méditerranée. Volume IV: Environmental Aspects of Association Agreements (4 Vols). (English). Spanish and Arabic). 2001. 5 – 8 October 2000: Volume I: Technical Report of the Workshop. Crete. Directices para el manejo de los materiales de dragado. Volume II: Regional and International Studies. Actes du séminaire. France. UNEP/MAP: Proceedings of the Workshop on Invasive Caulerpa Species in the Mediterranean. MTS 133. MTS 122. French). (English. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Identification of Priority Hot Spots and Sensitive Areas in the Mediterranean. French. 2001. 2003. MTS 136. French) Dessalement de l’eau de mer en méditerranée: évaluation et lignes directrices. 2001. (English). UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 2000. 2001. (English. 17-19 septembre 1998. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 17-19 September 1998. UNEP/MAP/PAP: MAP CAMP Project "Malta”: Final Integrated Project Document and Selected Thematic Documents. UNEP/MAP: MAP CAMP Project "Fuka-Matrouh”. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 130. (English. Turquie. Lignes Directrices pour la gestion des matériaux de dragage. MTS 126. MTS 129. 2003. MTS 125. (English). French). UNEP/MAP: Athens. 18-20 March 1998. (English).MTS 140. 2004. UNEP/MAP/MED POL: Sea Water Desalination in the Mediterranean: Assessment and Guidelines. 7-9 November 1996. UNEP/MAP: Atmospheric Transport and Deposition of Pollutants into the Mediterranean Sea: Final Reports on Research Projects. 2000 (English. Crète. In French with English introduction and 1 paper). Rapport de l'atelier sur le tourisme et le développement durable en Méditerranée. (English).). 2002. Libreéchange et environnement dans le contexte euro-méditerranéen : Montpellier/Mèze. MTS 135. French). UNEP/MAP/PAP: MAP CAMP Project "Israel”: Final Integrated Report and Selected Documents. (English). (English). MTS 137. PNUE/PAM. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/MED POL/WHO: Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants in Mediterranean Coastal Cities. (English. 2001. (English). MTS 139.

1996 (English. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 106. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Guidelines for authorization for the discharge of liquid wastes into the Mediterranean Sea. UNEP/MAP: Workshop on policies for sustainable development of Mediterranean coastal areas. PNUE: MED POL Phase III. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 117. MTS 108. UNEP/MAP: Athens. French). 26-27 April 1996. 1996 (English. 1996 (Parts in English or French only). UNEP/MAP/FAO/WHO: Assessment of the state of eutrophication in the Mediterranean Sea. (English. 1996 (English. MTS 114.Modelling of eutrophication and algal blooms in the Thermaikos Gulf (Greece) and along the Emilia Romagna Coast (Italy). MTS 119. Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherche relatifs à l'eutrophisation et à l'accumulation des métaux lourds. Evaluation de l'état de la pollution microbiologique de la mer Méditerranée. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Guidelines for submarine outfall structures for Mediterranean small and medium-sized coastal communities. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Guidelines for treatment of effluents prior to discharge into the Mediterranean Sea. MTS 118. UNEP/MAP/IAEA: Data Quality Review for MED POL (1994-1995). UNEP/MAP: Athens. French). Evaluation de l'état de la pollution de la mer Méditerranée par le zinc. 1998. French) Programme d'Actions Stratégiques visant à combattre la pollution due à des activités menées à terre. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Assessment of the state of microbiological pollution of the Mediterranean Sea. UNEP/MAP: La Convention de Barcelone pour la protection de la mer Méditerranée contre la pollution et le développement durable. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by anionic detergents.) (English. MTS 104. Lignes directrices concernant les autorisations de rejet de déchets liquides en mer Méditerranée. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Evaluation de l'état de l'eutrophisation en mer Méditerranée. Ile de Santorin. 1997 (English). Communications par un groupe d'experts. French). . PNUE: Journées d'étude sur les politiques de développement durable des zones côtières méditerranéennes. French). UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/BP Methodes et outils pour les études systémiques et prospectives en Méditerranée. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. PNUE/OMS: Evaluation de l'état de la pollution de la mer Méditerranée par les détergents anioniques. UNEP/MAP/WMO: The Input of Anthropogenic Airborne Nitrogen to the Mediterranean Sea through its Watershed. MTS 116. 1996 (270 pgs. 1996 (English.MTS 121. 1998. UNEP/MAP: Strategic Action Programme to Address Pollution from Land-Based Activities. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1998. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1996. Santorini Island. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Survey of pollutants from land-based sources in the Mediterranean. Evaluation of the analytical performance of MED POL laboratories during 1994-1995 in IAEA/UNEP laboratory performance studies for the determination of trace elements and trace organic contaminants in marine biological and sediment samples. UNEP/MAP/BP: Athens.92 - . UNEP/MAP/FAO/WHO: Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by zinc. 1996 (English. 26-27 avril 1996. 1997 (English). (Parties en anglais ou français seulement). le cuivre et leurs composés. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: MED POL Phase III. 1996 (English). MTS 115. MTS 107. Programme d'évaluation et de maîtrise de la pollution dans la région Méditerranéenne (1996-2005). 1996 (English. MTS 112. MTS 111. French). MTS 105. Sophia Antipolis. PB/RAC. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1996 (français seulement). 1996 (English. Programme for the Assessment and Control of Pollution in the Mediterranean Region (1996-2005). UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports on research projects dealing with eutrophication and heavy metal accumulation. French). copper and their compounds. Presentation by a group of experts. MTS 109. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Lignes directrices pour les émissaires de collectivités côtières de petite et moyenne taille en Méditerranée. MTS 110. (In publication) MTS 120. French). 1997 (Français seulement). Evaluation de l'enquête sur les polluants d'origine tellurique en Méditerranée (MED X BIS). UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 113. UNEP/MAP/IOC: Final reports of research projects on transport and dispersion (Research Area II) . French). 1996 (English).

MTS 100. (English). Greece). Sophia Antipolis. (parties en anglais ou français seulement). Blue Plan Regional Activity Centre.Final reports on selected microbiological projects. PNUE: Une contribution de l'écologie à la prospective. MTS 94. UNEP/MAP: Athens. (English). Sophia Antipolis. Volume II. (parties en anglais ou français seulement). Actes du Séminaire débat sur la prospective méditerranéenne. UNEP/MAP: Common measures for the control of pollution adopted by the Contracting Parties to the Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution. Implications des changements climatiques sur la zone côtière de Sfax. MTS 92. MTS 95. Rapports finaux des projets de recherche sur les effets (Domaine de recherche III) -Effets de la pollution sur les communautés marines. Mutagenic and Teratogenic Substances. . 1994. MTS 86. (English). Blue Plan Regional Activity Centre. (English). 1996 (English. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 88. UNEP/MAP: Iskenderun Bay Project. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports of research projects on effects (Research Area III) . French). Sophia Antipolis. 1996 (français seulement). PNUE: État du milieu marin et du littoral de la région méditerranéenne. Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherche relatifs aux effets biologiques (Domaine de Recherche III). French). MTS 102. Analyse systémique et prospective. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1994. MTS 97. 1994 (Parts in English or French only). UNEP/MAP/WHO: Epidemiological studies related to the environmental quality criteria for bathing waters. MTS 99. MTS 87.Report for 1983 -1991. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Systemic and Prospective Analysis. 1996 (English). UNEP/MAP/WHO: Assessment of the State of Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea by Carcinogenic.Pollution effects on plankton composition and spatial distribution. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Volume II. 1996 (English).MTS 103. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Actes de l'Atelier sur l'application d'une approche intégrée au développement. 1996 (English. Problèmes et acquis. 1996. UNEP/MAP: Proceedings of the Workshop on Application of Integrated Approach to Development. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Sophia Antipolis. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1994 (français seulement). MTS 93. MTS 91. near the sewage outfall of Athens (Saronikos Gulf. (parties en anglais ou français seulement). UNEP/MAP: Implications of Climate Change for the Sfax Coastal Area (Tunisia). Projet de la Baie d'Iskenderun. UNEP/MAP: Implications of Climate Change for the Coastal Area of Fuka-Matrouh (Egypt). MTS 101. UNEP/MAP: Monitoring Programme of the Eastern Adriatic Coastal Area . 1995. UNEP/MAP: Proceedings of the Seminar on Mediterranean Prospective. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports on research projects dealing with biological effects (Research Area III). 1996. MTS 98. French). MTS 89. Volume I. 1994 (Parts in English or French only). UNEP/MAP: Athens. Environmental Management within the Context of Environment-Development. UNEP/MAP: State of the Marine and Coastal Environment in the Mediterranean Region. MTS 90. MTS 96 UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports of research projects on effects (Research Area III) . shellfish-growing waters and edible marine organisms. (English. 1995 (English. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1995. (Parts in English or French only). Management and Use of Water Resources. Mesures communes de lutte contre la pollution adoptées par les Parties contractantes à la Convention pour la protection de la mer Méditerranée contre la pollution. UNEP/MAP: Implications of Climate Change for the Albanian Coast. 1995. UNEP/MAP: Iskenderun Bay Project. (English).Pollution effects on marine communities.93 - . UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1996 (English). à la gestion et à l'utilisation des ressources en eau. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Identification of microbiological components and measurement development and testing of methodologies of specified contaminants (Area I) . No MTS 9UNEP UNEP/MAP: Athens. French). UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1994 (English).

Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherche traitant de la toxicité des polluants sur les organismes marins.P. UNEP/MAP/FAO/IAEA: Designing of monitoring programmes and management of data concerning chemical contaminants in marine organisms. UNEP/MAP/IAEA/IOC/FAO: Organohalogen Compounds in the Marine Environment: A Review. MTS 80. 1994 (Parts in English or French only). 1994. Essai d'étude analytique de la législation pertinente. MTS 82. UNEP/MAP: Directory of Mediterranean Marine Environmental Centres. MTS 68.94 - . 1993(English. 1993 (English). Split. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Development and Testing of Sampling and Analytical Techniques for Monitoring of Marine Pollutants (Activity A). UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Gabrielides. MTS 72. MTS 81. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final Reports on Research Projects Dealing with the Effects of Pollutants on Marine Communities and Organisms. Centre d'activités régionales pour les aires spécialement protégées. (English). MTS 77. 1993 (English). (English). 1992 (English). UNEP/MAP/FIS: Report of the Training Workshop on Aspects of Marine Documentation in the Mediterranean. UNEP/MAP/IAEA: Data quality review for MED POL: Nineteen years of progress. 1994. MTS 83. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 73. MTS 76. MTS 79. UNEP/MAP: Athens. . MTS 71. B . PNUE/UICN: Les aires protégées en Méditerranée. UNEP/MAP: Integrated Management Study for the Area of Izmir. 1994 (English). 1992 (English. 1992 (English). 1992 (English). UNEP/MAP: Athens. 10-14 September 1991). UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 75. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/CRU: Regional Changes in Climate in the Mediterranean Basin Due to Global Greenhouse Gas Warming. UNEP/MAP: Athens.MTS 85. MTS 84. MTS 67. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 74. 1993 (English). 1994. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Biogeochemical Cycles of Specific Pollutants (Activity K): Survival of Pathogens.Case Study of the Island of Rhodes. MTS 65. 1993 (English).Case Study of the Bay of Izmir. Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherche traitant des effets de polluants sur les communautés et les organismes marins. 1994. UNEP/MAP/IOC: Applicability of Remote Sensing for Survey of Water Quality Parameters in the Mediterranean. Cycles biogéochimiques de polluants spécifiques (Activité K): Survie des pathogènes.UNEP/MAP: Costs and Benefits of Measures for the Reduction of Degradation of the Environment from Land-based Sources of Pollution in Coastal Areas. Répertoire des centres relatifs au milieu marin en Méditerranée. Tunis. French). Final Report of the Research Project. (English). (English). UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1994. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports on research projects dealing with toxicity of pollutants on marine organisms. edited by G. Tunis. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports on research projects dealing with the effects of pollutants on marine organisms and communities. UNEP/MAP/WMO: Assessment of Airborne Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Sulphur and Nitrogen Compounds and Heavy Metals in 1991. A . MTS 78. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports on research projects dealing with eutrophication problems. Regional Activity Centre for Priority Actions Programme. 1994. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1993 (English). MTS 66. UNEP/MAP: Athens. (français seulement). UNEP/MAP/FAO/IOC: Selected techniques for monitoring biological effects of pollutants in marine organisms. 1993 (English. UNEP/MAP/FAO/IOC: Evaluation of the Training Workshops on the Statistical Treatment and Interpretation of Marine Community Data. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 69. UNEP/MAP/IUCN: Technical report on the State of Cetaceans in the Mediterranean. 1992 (English). (English). MTS 70. 1992 (English). UNEP/MAP/FAO/IOC: Proceedings of the FAO/UNEP/IOC Workshop on the Biological Effects of Pollutants on Marine Organisms (Malta. French). UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. French).

edited by G. 1991 (Parts in English or French only). UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports on research projects dealing with mercury. (English). (English).MTS 64. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Development and testing of sampling and analytical techniques for monitoring of marine pollutants (Activity A): Final reports on selected microbiological projects (1987-1990). MTS 53.95 - . which may float. Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherche traitant de la bioaccumulation et de la toxicité des polluants chimiques. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1992 (English). MTS 51. MTS 54. 1991. 1991. UNEP/MAP/WMO: Airborne Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea. MTS 48. Evaluation de l'état de la pollution de la mer Méditerranée par les composés organophosphorés. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Mise au point et essai des techniques d'échantillonnage et d'analyse pour la surveillance continue des polluants marins (Activité A): Rapports finaux sur certains projets de nature microbiologique (1987-1990). French). MTS 61. couler ou rester en suspension. (English). toxicity and analytical techniques. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports on research projects dealing with bioaccumulation and toxicity of chemical pollutants. MTS 60. (parties en anglais ou français seulement). 1991 (English). carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of selected substances (Activity G): Final reports on projects dealing with carcinogenicity and mutagenicity. French). 24-28 September 1990). UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1992 (English. MTS 49. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports on research projects (Activity G). UNEP/MAP/WHO: Research on the toxicity. MTS 52. UNEP/MAP/FAO/IAEA: Proceedings of the FAO/UNEP/IAEA Consultation Meeting on the Accumulation and Transformation of Chemical contaminants by Biotic and Abiotic Processes in the Marine Environment (La Spezia. 1991. MTS 50. Priority Actions Programme. 1991. PNUE/OMS: Cycles biogéochimiques de polluants spécifiques (Activité K) . bioaccumulation. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Biogeochemical cycles of specific pollutants (Activity K): Final report on project on survival of pathogenic organisms in seawater. (English. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Gabrielides. MTS 63. MTS 62. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1991 (Parts in English or French only). MTS 57. Survival of pathogens. persistence. . Planification intégrée et gestion des zones côtières méditerranéennes. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Final report on epidemiological study on bathers from selected beaches in Malaga. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Final reports on research projects (Activity K).Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherche (1989-1991). Evaluation de l'état de la pollution de la mer Méditerranée par les substances radioactives. (English. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherche traitant du mercure. Italy. Regional Activity Centre. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens.Survie des pathogènes . French). Evaluation de l'état de la pollution de la mer Méditerranée par les matières synthétiques persistantes qui peuvent flotter. (English). 1991 (Parts in English or French only). shellfish-growing waters and edible marine organisms (Activity D). UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Epidemiological studies related to environmental quality criteria for bathing waters. (Parts in English or French only). de la toxicité et des techniques analytiques. Survie des Pathogènes.P. MTS 59. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Biogeochemical cycles of specific pollutants. 1991. UNEP/MAP: Bibliography on marine litter. 1991 (Parts in English or French only). UNEP/MAP/WHO: Development and testing of sampling and analytical techniques for monitoring of marine pollutants (Activity A): Final reports on selected microbiological projects. Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherche (activité K). UNEP/MAP/FAO/WHO/IAEA: Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by organophosphorus compounds. 1991. 1991. Spain (1988-1989).. UNEP/MAP/IAEA: Assessment of the State of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Radioactive Substances. UNEP/MAP/IOC/FAO: Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by persistent synthetic materials. UNEP/MAP: Athens. sink or remain in suspension. 1992 (français seulement). MTS 56. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1991. Documents produced in the first and second stage of the Priority Action (1985-1986). UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 58. Split. UNEP/MAP Integrated Planning and Management of the Mediterranean Coastal Zones. Cycles biogéochimiques de polluants spécifiques. (English). MTS 55. 1991 (Parts in English or French only). Textes rédigés au cours de la première et de la deuxième phase de l'action prioritaire (1985-1986). UNEP/MAP: Athens. Report and Proceedings of the Second WMO/UNEP Workshop.

1989 (English. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports on research projects dealing with eutrophication and plankton blooms (Activity H). French). I et J). Rapport et actes des Journées d'étude OMM/PNUE. 1989 (Parts in English or French only). UNEP/MAP: Athens. Proceedings of the II workshop on jellyfish in the Mediterranean Sea. PNUE/UICN/GIS: Posidonie: Livre rouge "Gérard Vuignier" des végétaux. Première partie . MTS 31. Medidas comunes adoptadas por las Partes Contratantes en el convenio para la Proteccion del Mar Mediterraneo contra la Contaminacion. UNEP/MAP/FAO/WHO/IAEA: Assessment of organotin compounds as marine pollutants in the Mediterranean. Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherche (Activités H. UNEP/MAP: Bibliography on aquatic pollution by organophosphorus compounds. MTS 32. MTS 38. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Regional Activity Centre. 1990 (English.. Evaluation de l'état de la pollution de la mer Méditerranée par le cadmium et les composés de cadmium. Réutilisation agricole des eaux usées dans la région méditerranéenne. MTS 37.UNEP/MAP: Common measures adopted by the Contracting Parties to the Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 35. Final report on project on relationship between microbial quality of coastal seawater and rotarus-induced gastro-enteritis among bathers (1986-88). (English). 1990 (English. 1990 (English. Evaluation des composés organostanniques en tant que polluants du milieu marin en Méditerranée. Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherché consacrés à l'eutrophisation et aux efflorescences de plancton (Activité H). UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens.UNEP/MAP: Wastewater reuse for irrigation in the Mediterranean region. MTS 42. French).Rapports finaux sur les projets de recherche (Activité G). Priority Actions Programme. Report and proceedings of a WMO/UNEP Workshop. UNEP/MAP/FAO/WHO: Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by cadmium and cadmium compounds. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 36. MTS 33. 1989. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1990 (Parts in English or French only). UNEP/MAP: Athens. I and J). France. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1989 (Parts in English or French only). French). MTS 45. UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1990 (English). French). UNEP/MAP/IAEA: Transport of pollutants by sedimentation: Collected papers from the first Mediterranean Workshop (Villefranche-sur-Mer. MTS 47. UNEP/MAP: Bibliography on marine pollution by organotin compounds. Mesures communes adoptées par les Parties Contractantes à la Convention pour la protection de la mer Méditerranée contre la pollution. 1991 (Parts in English or French only). MTS 41. UNEP/MAP: Jellyfish blooms in the Mediterranean. 1991 (English). UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Final reports on research projects (Activities H. peuplements et paysages marins menacés de Méditerranée. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Biogeochemical cycles of specific pollutants (Activity K). UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 34. Spanish and Arabic). UNEP/MAP/WHO: Epidemiological studies related to environmental quality criteria for bathing waters. Cycles biogéochimiques de polluants spécifiques (Activité K). French). MTS 39.96 - . 10-12 December 1987).Sites d'importance biologique et écologique. 1990 (français seulement). 1990 (English. Split. Rapport sur le statut des tortues marines de Méditerranée. MTS 44. Les proliferation’s de medusas en Méditerannée. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Evaluation de l'état de la pollution par les composés organohalogénés. 1990 (français seulement). shellfish-growing waters and edible marine organisms (Activity D). Pollution par voie atmosphérique de la mer Méditerranée. PNUE/UICN: Répertoire des aires marines et côtières protégées de la Méditerranée. UNEP/MAP/FAO/WHO/IAEA: Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by organohalogen compounds. 1990 (English. French. UNEP/MAP/WMO: Airborne pollution of the Mediterranean Sea. . 1989 (English. Actes des IIèmes journées d'étude sur les méduses en mer Méditerranée. MTS 40. MTS 43. MTS 46. 1990 (English). French). UNEP/MAP/IUCN: Report on the status of Mediterranean marine turtles. UNEP/MAP: Athens.

1988 (Parts in English or French only).Sites of biological and ecological value. Regional Activity Centre. Split. Etude des modifications de l'écosystème dans les zones soumises à l'influence des polluants (Activité I). Evaluation de l'état de la pollution de la mer Méditerranée par le mercure et les composés mercuriels. Promotion de la protection des sols comme élément essentiel de la protection de l'environnement dans les zones côtières méditerranéennes. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Selected studies and documents (1985-1987). 1988 (English). 1987 (Parts in English or French only). Documents produced in the period 1985-1987. 1989 (English). 1987 (Parts in English or French only). UNEP/MAP: National monitoring programme of Yugoslavia. UNEP/MAP: Meteorological and climatological data from surface and upper measurements for the assessment of atmospheric transport and deposition of pollutants in the Mediterranean Basin: A review. MTS 22. Priority Actions Programme. Documents et études sélectionnés (1985-1987). UNEP/MAP/FAO: Study of ecosystem modifications in areas influenced by pollutants (Activity I). Textes rédigés au cours de la deuxième phase de l'action prioritaire (1985-1986). (English). Split. MTS 26. persistance et bio accumulation de certaines substances vis-à-vis des organismes marins (Activité G). Regional Activity Centre. MTS 21. 1989 (English). Thèmes spécifiques concernant le développement des ressources en eau des grandes îles méditerranéennes. 1987 (Parts in English or French only). UNEP/MAP: Athens. Priority Actions Programme. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Toxicity. 1989 (English). UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 20. MTS 16. French). UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP Implications of expected climate changes in the Mediterranean Region: An overview. 1988 (English). MTS 17. MTS 27. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/IUCN: Directory of marine and coastal protected areas in the Mediterranean Region. Final report on project on relationship between microbial quality of coastal seawater and health effects (1983-86). persistence and bioaccumulation of selected substances to marine organisms (Activity G). 1989 (English). UNEP/MAP: Athens. 1988 (Parts in English or French only). Priority Actions Programme. MTS 19. Report for 1983 -1986. Documents sélectionnés (1985-1987). French). Split. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Split. 1988 (Parts in English or French only). Regional Activity Centre. Regional Activity Centre. 1987 (Parts in English or French only) MTS 13. UNEP/MAP: Environmental aspects of aquaculture development in the Mediterranean region. MTS 29. 1988 (English. UNEP/MAP: Specific topics related to water resources development of large Mediterranean islands. . MTS 23. UNEP/MAP/FAO/WHO: Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by mercury and mercury compounds.. UNEP/MAP: Promotion of soil protection as an essential component of environmental protection in Mediterranean coastal zones. Documents produced in the second phase of the Priority Action (1985-1986). MTS 25. 1987 (English. 1989. Documents produced in the second phase of the Priority Action (1986). 1988 (English). UNEP/MAP: Experience of Mediterranean historic towns in the integrated process of rehabilitation of urban and architectural heritage. Priority Actions Programme. Priority Actions Programme. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 15. MTS 24. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Toxicité. UNEP/MAP/IOC: Assessment of the state of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by petroleum hydrocarbons. MTS 28.MTS 30. 1987 (English).97 - . UNEP/MAP: The Mediterranean Action Plan in a functional perspective: A quest for law and policy. UNEP/MAP: State of the Mediterranean marine environment. UNEP/MAP/UNESCO/FAO: Eutrophication in the Mediterranean Sea: Receiving capacity and monitoring of long-term effects. Selected documents (1985-1987). UNEP/MAP: Athens.UNEP/MAP: Bibliography on effects of climatic change and related topics. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Seismic risk reduction in the Mediterranean region. MTS 18. Part I . Evaluation de l'état de la pollution de la mer Méditerranée par les hydrocarbures de pétrole. Eutrophisation dans la mer Méditerranée: capacité réceptrice et surveillance continue des effets à long terme. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Epidemiological studies related to environmental quality criteria for bathing waters. Regional Activity Centre. shellfish-growing waters and edible marine organisms (Activity D). UNEP/MAP: Athens. Réduction des risques sismiques dans la région méditerranéenne. MTS 14. Split.

1987 (English). Addendum. 1986 (Parts in English or French only). MTS 7. Final report. dans les organismes marins (MED POL II). UNEP/MAP: Co-ordinated Mediterranean pollution monitoring and research programme (MED POL . Greek Oceanographic Cruise 1980. MTS 8. MTS 6. Etudes bio géochimiques de certains polluants au large de la Méditerranée (MED POL VIII). UNEP/MAP: Athens. French or Spanish only). 1986 (Parts in English. UNEP/MAP: Athens. MTS 3. UNEP/MAP: Athens. carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of selected substances (Activity G). UNEP/MAP: Rehabilitation and reconstruction of Mediterranean historic settlements. UNEP/MAP/WHO: Coastal water quality control (MED POL VII). Documents produced in the first stage of the Priority Action (1984-1985).MTS 12. UNEP/MAP: Research on the toxicity. Split. 1975-1980. 1986 (Parts in English or French only). MTS 4.PHASE I). MTS 8. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Research on the effects of pollutants on marine organisms and their populations (MED POL IV). MTS 10. UNEP/MAP: Athens. Regional Activity Centre. Addendum. Priority Actions Programme. Documents produced in the first stage of the Priority Action (1984-1985). Études de base et surveillance continue du DDT. UNEP/MAP/IOC: Problems of coastal transport of pollutants (MED POL VI). Split. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Research on the effects of pollutants on marine communities and ecosystems (MED POL V). PCBs and other chlorinated hydrocarbons in marine organisms (MED POL III). UNEP/MAP/FAO: Baseline studies and monitoring of DDT. Textes rédigés au cours de la première phase de l'action prioritaire (1984-1985). Etudes de base et surveillance continue des métaux. French or Spanish only). 1986 (Parts in English or French only). 1986 (Parts in English. particularly mercury and cadmium. Développement des ressources en eau des petites îles et des zones côtières isolées méditerranéennes. MTS 11. Add. Recherche sur les effets des polluants sur les organismes marins et leurs peuplements (MED POL IV). 1986 (English). Textes rédigés au cours de la première phase de l'action prioritaire (1984-1985). persistence. 1986 (Parts in English. MTS 9. Réhabilitation et reconstruction des établissements historiques méditerranéens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP/FAO: Baseline studies and monitoring of metals. MTS 5. Contrôle de la qualité des eaux côtières (MED POL VII). UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Biogeochemical studies of selected pollutants in the open waters of the Mediterranean (MED POL VIII). MTS 1. . Recherche sur les effets des polluants sur les communautés et écosystèmes marins (MED POL V. UNEP/MAP/IAEA/IOC: Biogeochemical studies of selected pollutants in the open waters of the Mediterranean (MED POL VIII). Etudes de base et surveillance continue du pétrole et des hydrocarbures contenus dans les eaux de la mer. French or Spanish only). bioaccumulation. 1986 (English). UNEP/MAP: Athens. in marine organisms (MED POL II). des PCB et des autres hydrocarbures chlorés contenus dans les organismes marins (MED POL III). UNEP/MAP: Athens.98 - . MTS 2. Regional Activity Centre. Final reports on projects dealing with toxicity (1983-85). 1987 (Parts in English or French only). notamment du mercure et du cadmium. 1986 (Parts in English or French only). UNEP/MAP/IOC/WMO: Baseline studies and monitoring of oil and petroleum hydrocarbons in marine waters. UNEP/MAP: Athens. UNEP/MAP: Water resources development of small Mediterranean islands and isolated coastal areas. 1986 (Parts in English. Priority Actions Programme. French or Spanish only). 1986 (English).

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