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6.8 Warning Dissemination Yanagi

6.8 Warning Dissemination Yanagi

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Published by: najill10 on Feb 27, 2014
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ITIC Training Programme – Hawaii 2011

Warning Dissemination – Alerts, Sirens, and Other means of Attention Getting
Brian Yanagi Disaster Management Specialist IOC International Tsunami Information Centre

Effective Warning Systems Are:  Focused on people at risk  Ubiquitous (Same message everywhere)  Capable of reaching people irrespective of what they are doing & where they are  Easy to access and use  Not creating added risk  Reliable  Providing appropriate lead time  Authenticated .

An Effective Warning Message Is: Clear & understandable  Accurate  Frequent  Credible  Specific to the situation  Give specific advice  .

Public Education What communication systems/media will be used to issue warnings?  Who will issue the warnings?  How will the warnings be issued?  When will the warnings be issued?  What will the warning messages say?  .

Human Response to Warning Messages Relate to: Age  Ethnicity  Gender  Social status  Previous experience of hazards  Proximity to hazard  Responses of others  .

retirement homes  . hospitals. door to door notification  Coast Guard & Port  Surf-Lifesaving  Schools.Using Existing Structures Radio  TV  Fire Service.PA loud-hailers.Local sirens  Police.

telephone trees Tone-activated alert radio Cell Broadcast Aircraft (Hailers) SMS text messaging Aircraft (Banners) Voice Alert Visual Alert .Using Technology Sound Alert           Sirens Church Bells Fixed PA loud-speakers Mobile PA loud-speakers Telephone auto dialler.

serviceability Cost.now & on-going Time to reach target audience Start-up social/institutional effort required  On-going social/institutional effort required  Based on examples of best practice  Easy to understand/interpret .Assessing Technology     Availability.

coastal instability  Withstand weather. sea level rise. computer systems failure .Assessing Technology (cont’d)       Suitable to hazard Applied consistently Target specific geographical audiences Implemented quickly & easily Address social behaviour issues Withstand beach erosion. criminal acts. fire.

FINAL CONSIDERATIONS  Realistic effectiveness  Planning for system failure  Realistic ongoing costs and commitment .

gov .Yanagi@noaa.ITIC Training Programme – Hawaii 2011 Thank You Brian Yanagi IOC ITIC Brian.

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