Source: GTZ: International Services: GITWS

Evacuate or not? General Decision Making Procedure for the Last Mile
Time Information / Warning Ground Shaking EQ & EQInformation Information & Tsunami Potential Tsunami Potential
(seismographic data) (seismographic data)

Reaction and Guidance
I

0
5-10
mins

Move away from beaches and rivers! All Clear! No tsunami threat!

No

EQ Information

IV

Yes

Tsunami Potential
(temporary decision reference: location/magnitude/depth

I

Move away from beaches and rivers
Evacuation

III

5-10

“Tsunami Potential” Advisory (0-0.5m) I Move away from beaches and rivers!

Warning (0.5-3m)
Major Warning (> 3m)

II
III

Evacuation - Partial
Evacuation – Full

10-30

Tsunami Information: Observation (pressure
sensors/GPS buoy)

No Yes

Cancellation Confirmation

IV

Cancellation! No tsunami threat!

I I

II II

III III

(continued)

30-60 30-60 1-10 h

Observation at coast
(natural signs / first wave)

Confirmation

(continued)

Observation at coast
(tide gauge)

Cancellation/All clear

IV

All Clear! Tsunami event has ended!

Legend: natural warning signs / information from current warning scheme / information from future warning scheme, operational by mid-2009

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