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29. Cu(s) + 2 Ag+ ---> Cu2+ + 2 Ag(s) If the equilibrium constant for the reaction above is 3.

7 x 1015, which of the following correctly describes the standard voltage, E, and the standard free energy change, G, for this reaction? (A) E is positive and G is negative. (B) E is negative and G is positive. (C) E and G are both positive. (D) E and G are both negative. (E) E and G are both zero

47. CH4(g) + 2 O2(g) ---> CO2(g) + 2 H2O(l); = - 889.1 kJ Hf H2O(l) = - 285.8 kJ / mole Hf CO2(g) = - 393.3 kJ / mole What is the standard heat of formation of methane, Hf CH4(g), as calculated from the data above? (A) -210.0 kJ/mole (B) -107.5 kJ/mole (C) -75.8 kJ/mole (D) 75.8 kJ/mole (E) 210.0 kJ/mole 56. A cube of ice is added to some hot water in a rigid, insulated container, which is then sealed. There is no heat exchange with the surroundings. What has happened to the total energy and the total entropy when the system reaches equilibrium?
Energy Remains constant Remains constant Remains constant Decreases Increases Entropy Remains constant Decreases Increases Increases Decreases

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

57. For the reaction A(g) <===> B(g) + C(g), the equilibrium constant, K p, is 2 x 104 at 25 C. A mixture of the three gases at 25 C is placed in a reaction flask and the initial pressures are PA = 2 atmosphere, PB = 0.5 atmosphere, and PC = 1 atmosphere, At the instant of mixing, which of the following is true for the reaction as written? (A) G < 0 (B) G > 0 (C) S = 0 (D) G = 0 (E) G < 0

83. NH3(g) + 2 CH4(g) + 5/2 O2(g) <===> H2NCH2COOH(s) + 3 H2O(l) At constant temperature, H, the change in enthalpy for the reaction above is approximately equal to (A) E - (11/2)RT (B) E - (7/2)RT (C) E + RT (D) E + (7/2)RT (E) E (11/2)RT

41. Which of the following reactions has the largest positive value of S per mole of Cl2 (A) H2(g) + Cl2(g) ---> 2 HCl(g) (B) Cl2(g) + 1/2 O2(g) ---> Cl2O(g) (C) Mg(s) + Cl2(g) ---> MgCl2(s) (D) 2 NH4Cl(s) ---> N2(g) + 4 H2(g) + Cl2(g) (E) Cl2(g) ---> 2 Cl(g)

53. Which of the following must be true for a reaction that proceeds spontaneously from initial standard state conditions?

(A) G > 0 and Keq > 1 (B) G > 0 and Keq < 1 (C) G < 0 and Keq > 1 (D) G < 0 and Keq > 1 (E) G = 0 and Keq = 1

70. H2O(s) ---> H2O(l) When ice melts at its normal melting point, 273.16 K and 1 atmosphere, which of the following is true for the process shown above? (A) H < 0, S > 0, V > 0 (B) H < 0, S < 0, V > 0 (C) H > 0, S < 0, V < 0 (D) H > 0, S > 0, V > 0 (E) H > 0, S > 0, V < 0

25.
H2(g) + (1/2) O2(g) ---> H2O(l) 2 Na(s) + (1/2) O2(g) ---> Na2O(s) Na(s) + (1/2) O2(g) + (1/2) H2(g) ---> NaOH(s) H = - 286 kJ H = - 414 kJ H = - 425 kJ

Based on the information above, what is the standard enthalpy change for the following reaction? Na2O(s) + H2O(l) ---> 2 NaOH(s) (A) -1,125 kJ (B) -978 kJ (C) -722 kJ (D) -150 kJ (E) +275 kJ

35. For which of the following processes would S have a negative value? I. 2 Fe2O3(s) ---> 4 Fe(s) + 3 O2(g) II. Mg2+ + 2 OH ---> Mg(OH)2(s)

III. H2(g) + C2H4(g) ---> 3 C2H6(g) (A) I only (B) I and II only (C) I and III only (D) II and III only (E) I, II, and III

58. N2(g) + 3 H2(g) ---> 2 NH3(g) The reaction indicated above is thermodynamically spontaneous at 298 K, but becomes nonspontaneous at higher temperatures. Which of the following is true at 298 K? (A) G, H, and S are all positive. (B) G, H, and S are all negative. (C) G and H are negative, but S is positive. (D) G and S are negative, but H is positive. (E) G and H are positive, but S is negative.

60. I2(g) + 3 Cl2(g) ---> 2 ICl3(g) According to the data in the table below, what is the value of H for the reaction represented above?
Bond I---I Cl---Cl I---Cl Average Bond Energy (kilojoules / mole) 149 239 208

(A) - 860 kJ (B) - 382 kJ (C) + 180 kJ (D) + 450 kJ (E) + 1,248 kJ 54. Which of the following must be true for a reaction for which the activation every is the same for both the forward and reverse reactions?

(A) A catalyst is present (B) The reaction can be obtained directly from a balanced equation The reaction order is zero (D) Delta H for the reaction is zero (E) Delta S for the reaction is zero 73. X(s) X(l) (A) Delta S < 0 (B) Delta H = 0 (C) Delta = T(Delta G) (D) T (Delta S) = 0 (E) Delta H = T (Delta S)