1. Culture- the beliefs, customs, arts of a particular society, group, place or time 2.

Society- a community, nation, or broad grouping of people having common traditions, institutions and collective activities and interests 3. Material culture- refers to the physical objects, resources, and spaces that people use to define their culture. These include homes, neighborhoods, cities, schools, churches, synagogues, temples, mosques, offices, factories and plants, tools, means of production, goods and products, stores, and so forth. 4. Non-Material Culture- refers to the nonphysical ideas that people have about their culture, including beliefs, values, rules, norms, morals, language, organizations, and institutions 5. Subculture- a cultural group within a larger culture, often having beliefs or interests at variance with those of the larger culture 6. Culture Lag- a term to describe what happens in a social system when the cultural ideas used to regulate social life do not keep pace with other social changes 7. Culture Shock- the feeling of disorientation experienced by someone who is suddenly subjected to an unfamiliar culture, way of life, or set of attitudes 8. Cultural Universal- an element, pattern, trait or institution that is common to all human cultures worldwide 9. Ethnocentrism- belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group 10. Cultural Relativism- no culture is superior to any other culture when comparing systems of morality, law, politics 11. Innovation- the act of introducing something new 12. Language- method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way 13. Norm- standards of proper or acceptable behavior 14. Sanction- a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule 15. Value- the regard that something is held to deserve; the importance, worth, or usefulness of something

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