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Detailed Lesson plan In TLE 111 ANIMAL PRODUCTION I-OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson the students are

expected to: 1. Familiarize some terms in cattle. 2. Identify the breeds of cattle. 3. Discuss the reproductive, selection and breeding in cattle. II-SUBJECT MATTER Topic o Breeds of cattle. o Reproduction, selection, and breeding in cattle. o Term use in cattle. Reference TLE IV Agri. Fishing Technology The Philippines for Development Cattle Production Materials Visual Aid and Pictures Values: Cooperation, Discipline

III.PROCEDURE A. Preliminaries Prayer Checking of attendance Review the previews lesson Motivation STUDENTS ACTIVITY Good afternoon maam! Maam! Poultry production refers to all domesticated birds which serves as food either meat or eggs.

TEACHERS ACTIVITY Good afternoon class Last meeting we have already discussed about poultry production, what is poultry production? OK! Very good, before we proceed to our discussion lets have first an activity.

B. Motivation

[The teacher will show the different breed pictures of the cattle]

(The students are silently observing the different pictures.)

C. Lesson proper OK! The picture that I have presented to you has a connection with our topic this morning, which is the cattle raising. Cattle rising are under Ruminant Production which means that have a compound stomach, and those animals that chew their cud or it is combined with aids in chewing and swallowing. Class did you know that cattle is classified into two? Now, who among you here has an idea of what are the two classifications? Good! Who can give an example of small ruminant? Very good! Goat and sheep are the example of small ruminant. Class how about large ruminant? OK, where do you think is the origin of the breeds of cattle? Yes right breeds of cattle are originated in tropical and European country.

Student are silently listening

Maam the two classifications of cattle are the small and large ruminant. Maam the example of small ruminant is goat and sheep. Maam cattle and carabao Maam the origin of the breeds of the cattle is in tropical and European country.

ACTIVITY 2 (Teacher will let the student to categorized the breeds of cattle either tropical or European country, and after that they will check the output.) OK, lets check your output to find out who got the correct answer. Good work will do. Class based on the picture you have categorized, who could differentiate the two?

(the student are following instruction given by the teacher)

the

Maam tropical cattle have a hump while the European is the hump less cattle.

(listening)

Very well said. Now you have already the

difference between tropical and European breeds of cattle. In addition to this the scientific name of tropical breeds is Bus indicus and European breeds is Bus taurus. -Any clarification about the origin of the breeds of cattle? If none lets proceed to our new topic which is the REPRODUCTION, when we say reproduction it contained the breeding maturity of animals. Kindly read the information with regards to reproduction.

None Maam! (listening)

The target weight 250-300 kilograms and 10-20 months of age and the average heat cycle 18-24 days. Maam it is the heat cycle of a normal individual.

When the target breeding age attain the estrus cycle will affair. By the way what estrus cycle is? Very good! It is occur in normal individual wither you like it or not. Pls. read the sign of heat.

Reddening and swelling of the vulva, accompanied by a clear mucous discharge. Restlessness and sometimes bellowing, mooning. Frequent urination in small amount. (listening)

OK thank you! Those are the sign of heat animals. If your animal has a sign like this, it is undergoes estrus or heat cycle. And then if the estrus did not occur anymore it means what? Very good! The animals is already pregnant, the gestation period is about 283 days. What did you observe if the animal is pregnant? What else? Nice idea, those are the singed of pregnant animals. After pregnancy what will be the next/ Thats right! So, the initial labor hour is about 4-20 hours. Please read the visible signs of calving. The animal raisers always considered the

Maam the animal is pregnant.

Maam the abdomen becomes larger. Maam the heat cycle did not occur anymore.

Maam labor. Relaxation of ligaments around the tail, head and pelvis. Swelling of vulva and thick mucus discharge. Cows udder becomes congested milk. Maam! Because they make sure that there investment more becomes profitable.

apply selection and breeding system. Why do you think so? Good idea, also to improve genetic makeup of the cattle herd. Breeding system constitute the several types of mating but the common is inbreeding and cross breeding. Now, who can differentiate the two?

Thank you for the nice idea. ACTIVITY 3 In order for you to familiarize some terms in cattle I prepared some IMs (the teacher will give the instruction to the students) Time is up! Class lets proceed for checking your output. TERMS IN CATTLE BULL- male cattle intended for breeding purposes. COWmatured female cattle. HEIFER- young oxen under three years of age. 4.CALF- young oxen of either sex under one year of age. 5.STEER- a castrated oxen while still young. 6. CALVING- act of delivering oxen. 7. POLLED- a hornless but natural. 8. BEEF- refers to the meat of the cow. 9. STAG- castrated oxen after maturity. The lesson is clear for you? Is there any question?

Maam inbreeding is more related relationship while crossbreeding two or more different pure breeds.

(the students will follow the instruction given by the teacher )

Yes maam

None maam

IV- EVALUATION GROUP TASK Task 1: you are going to give the learnings acquired this afternoon. Task 2: Enumerate at least terms used in cattle, discuss briefly. Tasks 3: Discuss the possible sign during estrus cycle V- ASSIGNMENT RESEACH WORK 1. What are the basic classes of nutrients and give their function. 2. List the common diseases in ruminant animals.

Prepared by: AMALIA L. HAPIN Student teacher