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Global salaries and recruiting trends.
04 Managing Director Reports 05 Regional Overview Section One - Salary Overview 07 Average annual salary for permanent staff by country 08 Average annual salary for contract staff by country 09 Average annual salary by experience 10 Overview 10 The last 12 months 10 The next 12 months Section Two - Industry Benefits 12 Typical benefits by company type 12 All 12 Consultancy 12 Contractor 12 EPCM 13 Equipment manufacturer & supplier 13 Global super major 13 Oil field services 13 Operators Section Three - Industry Employment 15 Experience & tenure 15 Years of experience 16 Time in current role 16 Employment by company type 17 Movement of workforce 17 Imported workforce v local workforce 17 Working overseas v working in home country 18 Staffing levels 18 In the next 12 months 19 Percentage of staff employed on temporary/contract assignment 20 Job seeking Section Four - Economic Outlook 22 Economic outlook
We would like to express our gratitude to all those organisations who participated in the collection of data for this year’s survey. More than 7,000 people responded which was certainly overwhelming. This has ensured that we can produce an informative document to help support your business decisions.
Disclaimer: The Oil & Gas Global Salary Guide 2010 is representative of a value added service to our clients and candidates. Whilst every care is taken in the collection and compilation of data, the survey is interpretive and indicative, not conclusive. Therefore information should be used as a guideline only and should not be reproduced in total or by section without written permission from Hays.
Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 02
SURVEY SUMMARY 7.000+ 1.900+ 800+ 30+ 20+ PEOPLE RESPONDED TO THE SURVEY DISCIPLINE AREAS COVERED RESPONDENTS ARE EMPLOYERS IN THE INDUSTRY RESPONDENTS WORK WITH A GLOBAL SUPER MAJOR COUNTRIES WORLDWIDE RESPRESENTED Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 03 .
Oil and Gas Job Search Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 04 . As such this survey aims to assist our stakeholders to make informed decisions on their staffing needs for the coming year. Being in touch with the industry globally was seen as essential and these same users contributed massively to the survey by submitting their responses in the thousands. The last 12 months has seen a significant amount of uncertainty in the industry. The level of interest generated by the survey has been phenomenal and the data generated provides a true snapshot of the state of the industry at the start of a new decade. We knew that we had access to a wide enough selection of oil and gas professionals to make the survey a success. Despite the doom and gloom of most of 2009.com deliver such an informative document. particularly job seekers was that the site was a life line to many in such a difficult year. Then through the later part of the year. and this has indeed proved to be the case. Clearly there is renewed optimism in the industry with many describing their confidence in the current employment market as positive. exciting and fulfilling experience. Not surprisingly the feedback from our customers. followed by an equally significant drop. Oil and Gas Job Search. Managing Director. it was with a great deal of excitement that we accepted the challenge. towards the latter half of the year we experienced a renewed optimism amongst clients which translated into more jobs on the website. the results are interesting and in the most part expected but in some cases completely unexpected.Managing Director Reports Matt Underhill & Duncan Freer THE BEST DECISIONS ARE INFORMED DECISIONS Managing Director. And all over the course of 12 months! This survey is therefore of particular interest to many in the industry following a period of such upheaval. Oil and Gas Job Search Duncan Freer “When Hays requested oil and gas job search’s assistance with the salary survey. We hope you enjoy reading the survey and trust it provides you with the information you are seeking. In this regard we are indebted to our partners. Managing Director. through previously unforeseen highs in the oil price. Hays Oil & Gas Matt Underhill “The past year has seen change of unprecedented levels in the oil and gas industry. When comparing many of the factors influencing what employers pay their staff. This has certainly helped Hays and oilandgasjobsearch.” Matt Underhill. we began to see a steady sustained recovery.” Duncan Freer. for it is those who work within this industry that make it such a rewarding. Finally I’d like to thank those who contributed to the survey. Hays Oil & Gas Managing Director. The results of the survey very much back this up and every indication is that this trend is set to continue. Understanding and insight into the current and forecasted cost of labour throughout the world has surely never been in such demand. With such a large response we are however confident that the figures are a fair reflection on the industry we work in. We wish you all the best for a very successful 2010. without whom we would not have been able to map the industry as we have done. A big thank you to all the team there. And long may it continue.
000* (based on annual salaries of all permanent staff). they have now levelled out and most working in this industry remain extremely well paid in comparison to those in other industries. Hotspots Within the upstream sector. the one exception is equipment manufacturers & suppliers. Secondly is the trend to ‘succession plan’ expatriate executives out of leadership positions in multinational companies and replace with suitable local talent. Production Management and Geoscience are also highly paid areas. Project services candidates. employers are starting to increase salaries. The overall average salary is a little over $75. expat packages are not what they were a few years ago. clear signs of the recession ending and the sustained improvement in the oil price has allowed many to push on with their planned projects. Candidates fluent in English will be in high demand given the massive presence of international/foreign firms and the global market.6 per cent describe their confidence in the current employment market as positive.000.000 a year while salaries for locally based staff in Kazakhstan are propping up the table. contract rates are averaging more than $700 per day. New vacancies are expected to be created in New Zealand in the coming months in response to both growth and the replacement of departing staff to new opportunities.6 per cent describe their confidence in the current employment market as positive. specifically estimators. There’s also been an increase in the number of executive level positions such as Managing Directors and Regional Managers as international businesses expand their coverage in the region. Despite this. Drilling. Safety. subsea/pipeline leads the way with higher than average salaries across all levels of experience. Control System specialists. Hotspots There is high demand for Exploitation. Steam Chiefs. as well as a number of heavy oil and oilsands projects coming on line. We expect an increase in the number of barrels per day (bpd) for the GCC region. are being targeted with continual salary increases. This said. Both will generate increased demand within Integrity. In order to secure these skills. this year is firmly on natural gas with some major developments on the drawing board.” The past 18 months saw one of the biggest down turns the industry has known but the beginning of a steady recovery is now taking place. The results of our global oil and gas salary survey reveal a somewhat cautious outlook with more than one third of respondents indicating they believe the recovery will take more than 12 months. Geophysicists. While average salaries by company type were fairly evenly spread. Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 05 North America With the price of oil hovering around the $75 bbl mark in the past six months. Norway and the USA are paying some of the highest rates. Development and Exploration Geologists. This will see increased demand for candidates within production/operations within the downstream sector. Production and Reservoir Engineers as operators are undertaking economic evaluations of existing assets. This is set to re-energise the job market back to pre recession levels if not more so. Maintenance Coordinators. averaging less than $65. Hotspots Geoscience and Exploration Engineers. Hotspots Engineers with subsea construction and installation experience are in high demand due to the number of new fields that are coming online this year. Since a large percentage of these roles are to work on specific projects. Reservoir Engineers. this is not likely to change any time soon.000. . We therefore anticipate a much stronger trend towards permanent recruitment this year. Middle East & Africa Both regions remain the focus of the majority of employers. Petroleum/Reservoir Engineers and Geophysicists are all in high demand in this region. Hotspots Subsea Engineers. There is also significant demand for candidates with prior LNG experience. along with significant expansion activity planned. This is creating demand for Facility Engineers. We expect a strong increase in candidate movement both in the local market and to/from Australia. proposal engineers and cost engineers are also in demand. Europe The Oil and Gas market has started to shake off the negativity from last year and demand is picking up quickly. There is a growing need for knowledge of shale gas plays. Process Engineers and Electricians to pipe fitters. Equipment/Drilling Specialists.000 and $87. For those working abroad. Process Engineers & Project Engineers are all in demand as new projects and new exploration activities get the green light. Given almost 50 per cent of respondents stated the regions will be a key focus for them over the next 12 months. Maintenance and Planning. They are also more willing to consider international candidates from regional territories. in particular Drilling Engineers. Geologists. As a result new plants are being commissioned with go live dates set for the near future. In terms of the best paid discipline areas. Employers are also investing in training and providing housing assistance and other benefits as an incentive. We expect this to continue for at least the first half of the year. averaging more than $138. with contractors earning more than $900 per day. However the spotlight *All figures are quoted in US dollars. Firstly from competing industries such as mining and civil/heavy construction as they consider oil and gas professionals to be accomplished. Not surprising given there is more than $200 billion of work due to come on line in Australia’s gas infrastructure over the next 12 months. In the downstream arena there will be a number of shutdowns in the first quarter of 2010. Health and Safety specialists as well as Mechanical. Canadian focused companies have begun to announce their Heavy Oil & SAGD projects are back on the table. ranging between $78. Both trends ensure that competition for locally bred talent in South America remains significant. Power Engineers. the majority will be contract assignments. Construction Managers and Civil Engineers. well trained and used to dealing with sizable budgets. Structural. and continue to attract oil and gas professionals from around the world. Electrical and Chemical Engineers remain in demand in many locations. Australasia Employers are expressing an intention to recruit more selectively and with a longer-term view than they have during the past two years. Larger projects are already struggling to hire the numbers they require so there will be more opportunities for Engineers moving into the regions. While some salaries have decreased in comparison with the rates of 07/08. The return of market confidence. confidence is returning – 43.Regional overview A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE “Confidence is returning – 43. South America The current market is placing a great deal of strain on retention of senior executives with pressure on two fronts. Australians working at home are at the top of the ladder. Asia Hiring intentions are very positive and employers have indicated an increase in vacancies across the board. There remains a solid demand in Aberdeen and London for senior level exploration Geophysicists and Reservoir Engineers with 10 to 15 years experience. Hotspots Geologists.
Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 06 .SECTION ONE SALARY OVERVIEW Confidence is returning to the market two thirds of employers surveyed intend to award salary increases in the next 12 months.
300 77. and for those working on a monthly or yearly payroll.900 133. Permanent staff salaries are the figures returned by respondents as their package in US dollar equivalent figures excluding one-off bonuses. There does not however appear to be any correlation between home salaries and those imported.800 102.700 104.700 Russia & CIS Middle East Africa North America South America Asia Australasia . At the other end of the spectrum.400 67. Where not enough responses were received. Canada and Netherlands. the second column for those who are working in that country although originate from another.500 113.400 91.700 112.700 43. If we combine both figures for each country . with Indonesia being at the bottom of the scale in terms of the average salary for local workforce.300 46. The same can be found in Azerbaijan. Background Only where the sample size is large enough have we listed countries in this table.000 globally (based on the combined total of local and imported labour) those in this industry are earning a premium compared to most other industries.100 N/A 136. Imported Labour Average annual salary 94.700 118.900 131.300 78.500 86.200 65.800 117.600 37.700 125.600 30.000 112. Of all the countries on the list only three pay less for skills they import compared with what they pay their local resident employees .200 N/A N/A 102. share options and other non-cash benefits. Canada and Australia.100 N/A N/A 32.the five highest paying countries are Australia. With an average permanent staff salary of more than $75.Salary overview Average annual salary for permanent staff by country Results from our survey indicate those working in oil and gas are well paid.300 72. Libya.700 Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 07 92. The first column represents the average salary for respondents based in their country of origin.500 88.100 99. There is however still a vast divide between those countries at the top of the table and those at the bottom and for this reason it’s not hard to understand why easily transferrable skills continue to migrate around the world in search of higher returns. entries are returned as N/A.000 N/A 56. however it is the second highest payer for those it imports.100 144.000 53.600 138.Norway.900 107.200 101. All other countries import skills from overseas at a premium.300 50. USA.700 53.000. Salaries Country Local Labour Average annual salary Europe UK Norway Netherlands Russia Kazakhstan Azerbaijan UAE Saudi Arabia Qatar Oman Kuwait Iraq Iran Libya Angola Algeria USA Canada Venezuela Brazil Argentina Vietnam Singapore Malaysia Korea Japan Indonesia India China Australia New Zealand Notes: All figures are base salaries. Those on a weekly or daily payroll are extracted and included in the figures for contracting overleaf.000 144.000 51. Azerbaijan.800 72. Oman pays its local workforce an average ‘mid table’ rate of just over $58.600 35. (With a highly concentrated number of employers there is some evidence that this is a reflection of an efficient overseas recruitment policy).200 67. Those paying the least are Kuwait. pension.100 112.500 N/A 89.900 112. India and Kazakhstan.700 88.200 114.800 128. Oman.000 105.500 65.400 N/A 32.000 50.600 33.800 83. quoted in US dollars. and in some cases at a significant premium. However it is the lowest payer of imported labour on the list.900 58.
100 N/A 60.200 201. or in many cases desired.500 123. The Netherlands. entries are returned as N/A.400 106.000 76.400 155.000 188. This may reflect a trend in the UK to import cheaper labour to combat margin decline in a difficult market. Here we can assume that this valuation of contractors is driven by employers avoiding expensive permanent employment costs. This is further accentuated where candidates work overseas on contract with the average return increasing to an impressive $168.200 84.500 159.000 N/A 82.700 134.600 191.600 55.300 159. Clearly the trade off between security and guarantee of work versus an increase in rate for contracting is very much at work in the oil and gas industry. The other observation from the figures shows that the discrepancy between contracting rates and equivalent permanent salaries is most pronounced in those countries with extensive permanent employment legislation i.800 160. countries are employing contractors from overseas at a premium (it can be assumed the skills required do not exist or are not available in the local workforce).700 Average daily rate 520 870 810 780 740 780 480 400 640 700 480 690 610 720 650 640 850 790 590 680 N/A 630 680 620 770 320 780 640 730 780 700 163.100 166.500 per annum. there is a considerable premium placed by employers on this method of working. the UK shows a clear differentiation between the two.400 78.300 220.700 166.e.200 189. Background Contractor salaries are those working on daily or weekly payroll. As the market improves however.000 for those working locally and more than $168.500 175. Whilst Australia’s imported rate for labour is marginally below that for local staff. it will be interesting to see whether the UK remains in a group of its own. Salaries Country Local Labour Average annual salary Europe UK Norway Netherlands Russia Kazakhstan Azerbaijan UAE Saudi Arabia Qatar Oman Kuwait Iraq Iran Libya Angola Algeria USA Canada Venezuela Brazil Argentina Vietnam Singapore Malaysia Korea Japan Indonesia India China Australia New Zealand Notes: All figures are base salaries.200 78. or 48 weeks respectively.300 183.800 83.500 146.700 154. In all but two cases.800 204.800 222.700 178.900 103.900 58. However it should be noted that this figure and all other salaries listed assume that the individual works a full 240 days a year (or 48 weeks) which is clearly not always possible.300 186. Imported Labour Average daily rate 630 850 720 560 290 500 300 210 N/A 230 N/A 200 230 320 280 320 820 790 410 610 N/A 320 280 520 N/A N/A 200 220 300 800 600 Average annual salary 134. The annual salary equivalent assumes they work for 240 days a year.000 182.200 125.300 205. quoted in US dollars.800 206.Salary overview Average annual salary for contract staff by country With an average annual contractor salary of more than $95.900 226.800 71.500 84.300 203.500 202.000 214.000 169.600 207. Where not enough responses were received.000 for imported labour. or if they are joined by other nations seeking similar savings.300 Russia & CIS Middle East Africa North America South America Asia Australasia Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 08 .000 176.300 129.500 N/A 53.400 203.000 N/A 163.900 210.200 166.500 N/A N/A 51.800 73.000 60.
share options and other non-cash benefits.500 60.700 48.Engineering.000.Health.700 99.900 90. quoted in US dollars.800 73.800 47.600 114.100 20 + 126.600 83.200 133. with subsea leading the way on an average of $109.500 68. These areas all showed accelerated salaries as the experience grew.000 60.900 43.100 58.800 110. and for those working on a monthly or yearly payroll.600 110.800 119.000 to $87. with an average annual salary for downstream operations management of $65.500 85.000 54.700 39. notably.400 107.800 66.400 100. production management and geoscience came out on top in this survey.700 73.200 162.800 56. Those on a weekly or daily payroll have been extracted from this comparison.800 131.000 136.700 91.500 79.100 34. mechanical and technical safety were the lowest paid.900 50.600 56.600 60. Downstream operations management. These figures also allowed us to track how experience is valued. with an average annual salary of $63.300 59.900 66.400 10 to 19 98.500 45. Those working with a contractor were rewarded most for their increasing experience while those in their first four years with an operator were remunerated above their peers in other company types when first embarking on their career. Apart from the abovementioned.300 65.300 90.600 37.500 52. Background These figures are based on permanent staff salaries returned by respondents as their package in US dollar equivalent figures excluding one-off bonuses.900 76. reservoir engineering and HSE showed less than average growth in salaries as experience levels increased. piping.000 and $90.700 111. and in some disciplines it is greatly.400 45.700 39. marine/naval.600 58.100 64.700 94.500 135.500 46.600 154. Salaries Years of experience 0 to 4 Discipline area Business development Construction/installation Downstream operations management Drilling Electrical Estimating/cost engineering Geoscience HSE Logistics Marine/Naval Mechanical Piping Process Production management Project controls QA/QC Reservoir/petroleum engineering Structural Subsea/pipelines Supply chain/procurement Technical safety Consultancy Contractor EPCM Equipment manufacturer/supplier Global Super Major Oil Field Services Operator 47.100 127.900 122. safety and environment.100 42.800 99.000 115.800 37.Quality assurance/quality control.700 121.800 per annum.900 94. all other discipline areas came in with an average salary between $70.300 53.600 79. estimating/cost engineering and logistics.000 43.500 121. figures were consistently between an average salary ranging from $78. production management.500 122. Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 09 .300 49.600 119.900 85.300 75.400 96.900 53.Salary overview Average annual salary by experience By discipline area Those working within subsea/pipelines.300 90.800 47. Equipment manufacturers and suppliers fell below this level.600 Company type Notes: All figures are base salaries.200 145.800 50.500 133.000 per annum.400 138.600 59.800 96.000.300 88. pension.900 140. QA/QC .100 91.800 113. By company type When comparing by company type.200 109. subsea. HSE .900 48.700.700 5 to 9 61.000 77.500 46.900 83.900 57.300 43.600 55.400 80.500 100.500 60.700 62.500 82.200 93.200 120.300 51.700 140.200 141.600 102.900 121. Project controls.400 78.700 75.800 53. reservoir/petroleum engineering.200 40.200 53.000 41. EPCM .000 39. procurement and construction management.
Retention of key staff through careful salary management is likely to become a prominent issue for employers this year. The next 12 months A more positive trend is appearing in the forecasted salaries returned by employers for 2010 with two thirds expecting to increase salaries. Background Only employers were asked to provide their intentions with regard to salaries in the next 12 months. were in the 0 to 4 years experience bracket and had been in their current role for less than one year. Of those that received an increase of more than 5 per cent over half were permanently employed and have been in their current role for 3 to 5 years. Those most affected worked with consultancies and contractors. and very few expecting any decrease. do you expect salaries to: 4% 19% 28% Decrease 23% Remain static Increase up to 5% Increase more than 5% but less than 10% Increase more than 10% 26% Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 10 . there were some signs of market improvement with an equal number of employees receiving an increase (16% + 28%). whereas the figures for the previous 12 months were taken from the employees experience. Salary trends In the last 12 months has your salary: 28% 12% Reduced 44% Remained static Risen less than 5% Risen more than 5% 16% In the next 12 months. Those working within oil field services could be the big winners with many employers in this area indicating they expect salaries to increase by more than 10 per cent.Salary overview Salary trends The last 12 months The recession of 2009 was clearly reflected in the fact that 12 per cent of respondents indicated their salaries were reduced over the last 12 months. Whilst the majority of employers preferred to keep salaries static (44%).
SECTION TWO INDUSTRY BENEFITS The types of benefits offered will most likely be a key attraction and retention strategy for employers in 2010. Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 11 .
When comparing with the industry average (All) those working with a Global Super Major receive the most benefits. where results were higher for all benefit types except commissions. This said just less than one fifth of respondents working for a global super major. Share schemes are still relatively underutilised in comparison to other industries as is the use of monthly commissions. Those working for a consultancy firm were the worst off in this regard with nearly 40 per cent receiving no benefits. competition for the best talent will only increase. one quarter of respondents received no benefits over their base and statutory pay. It is not surprising that only 25 per cent of those working with an equipment manufacturer and supplier receive home leave allowance/flights and that this is much lower than the industry average of 40 per cent.Industry benefits Typical benefits By company type All company types returned consistent results in terms of those receiving health care and bonuses. With the market improving. Benefits Do you receive any benefits? All Consultancy 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Housing Home leave allowance/flights Hardship allowance Share scheme No benefits Tax assistance Bonuses Other/s Pension Health plan Commission Schooling Car/transport 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Housing Home leave allowance/flights Hardship allowance Tax assistance Share scheme No benefits Bonuses Pension Commission Health plan Car/transport Schooling Schooling Other/s Other/s 0% 0% Contractor EPCM 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Housing Home leave allowance/flights Hardship allowance No benefits Tax assistance Bonuses Share scheme Pension Other/s Health plan Commission Car/transport Schooling 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Housing Home leave allowance/flights Hardship allowance No benefits Tax assistance Bonuses Share scheme Pension Commission Health plan Car/transport 0% 0% Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 12 . The results of our next survey will therefore be eagerly awaited providing a valuable comparison to these figures. an operator or EPCM stated they receive no benefits above statutory requirements. On average. Many companies will likely use any number of these benefits to attract and retain the staff in addition to the base salary.
Other/s No benefits Tax assistance Pension Bonuses Commission Health plan Car/transport Housing Home leave allowance/flights Hardship allowance Share scheme Schooling Other/s Global Super Major Tax assistance Pension Bonuses Commission Health plan Car/transport Housing Home leave allowance/flights Hardship allowance Share scheme Schooling Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 13 Other/s 0% 40% Operators 0% 40% 60% 60% 50% 50% 30% 30% 20% 20% 10% No benefits 10% 0% 0% Benefits . hazardous/danger pay and training. meals. additional annual leave. petrol/parking. laptop.40% 40% 60% 60% 50% 50% 30% 30% 20% 20% 10% No benefits Tax assistance Pension Bonuses Commission Health plan Car/transport Housing Home leave allowance/flights Hardship allowance Share scheme Schooling Other/s 10% Oil field services Other benefits No benefits Industry benefits Tax assistance Pension Do you receive any benefits? Bonuses Commission Equipment manufacturer & supplier Health plan Car/transport Housing Home leave allowance/flights Hardship allowance Share scheme Schooling Other benefits noted include mobile phone. overtime.
SECTION THREE INDUSTRY EMPLOYMENT More than half of employers surveyed expect to increase staffing levels in the next 12 months. Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 14 .
years of experience was fairly evenly spread. Experience & tenure Years of experience 14.19 20 + 23.5% 52.8% 19.6% 23.6% 21.9% 15. Subsea in particular is attracting more and more attention from engineering students/graduates. Within both the construction/installation and mechanical engineering fields. Skills gap There has been widespread concern in the past few years about an imminent skills shortage within the industry.1% 8.4% 22. with many nearing retirement age.7% 30.3% 26.5% 55. These are the more traditional fields and hence remain well represented through all levels.9% Construction/installation Mechanical Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 15 . Some operators have also citied poor training during and after graduation as a major issue.5% 0-4 5-9 10 . Now. fewer people are choosing the oil and gas industry as a career path.5% 22. some employers have introduced incentives such as extended annual leave or reduced hours to keep these people and their highly valued knowledge in the workforce longer.7% 26.2% 21.7% 14.2% 53. this is hardly surprising.9% Reservoir/petroleum engineering Estimating/cost engineering 19.1% 25.1% 9.9% 15. reservoir/petroleum engineering and estimating/cost engineering fall within the first bracket.8% 15.8% 40. With an ever-increasing number of study options.9% 27.9% 13.6% Subsea/pipelines Geoscience 8.3% 54. When comparing the years of experience by discipline. An exciting and challenging field offering high salaries.6% 15.Industry employment Experience & tenure Industry experience The majority of respondents are in the early stages of their career. geoscience. more than 50 per cent of those working within subsea/pipelines.
Experience & tenure Time in current role 15. often at the expense of tenure with one particular employer.Salary overview Experience & tenure (continued) Time in current role While the results are relatively even across all groups.2 years 3 . with the exception of global super majors.1% Less than 1 year 27. candidates are left in no uncertainty of their value and the number of opportunities available to them.7% 12.3% 1 . With a readily accessible job market fuelled by international job boards and global agencies.5 years 6 . This allows employees to pursue careers that have many and varied experiences. The results suggest that there is very little part time work done in the industry. Here the percentage of those contracted through an agency is double that of those contracted direct. Employment mix Equipment manufacturers employed the highest percentage of permanent staff (as opposed to temporary contractors) whilst the company types ‘contractors’ and ‘consultancies’ employed the highest contractor base likely due to the project led nature of their work.10 years 28. There is an even mix between agency and direct contracting. This would support the idea the oil and gas industry is extremely transient.3% More than 10 years Employment mix by company type Global Super Major Operators EPCM Equipment manufacturer & supplier Oil Field Services Consultancy Permanent Permanent / part time Contracted direct Contracted through agency Contractors 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 16 . it is important to note that close to half of respondents have been in their current role for less than two years.6% 16.
Conversely.Industry employment Movement of workforce Imported workforce Results of the survey indicate North America uses predominantly a locally bred workforce. Background ‘Working overseas’ shows the regions where respondents originate from. with significant numbers approaching 50 per cent working overseas. comparing those who are working locally against those that are working overseas. those from Africa (81%) and the Middle East (72%) mostly remain at home. Working overseas The second chart below shows how those from Australasia and Europe continue to seek experience internationally. The Middle East and Africa are at the other end of the spectrum importing the majority of their workforce from overseas. with very few imports compared to other regions. Background ‘Imported workforce’ shows the makeup of the workforce by region. Movement of workforce Imported workforce versus local workforce 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% Imported labour Local labour Australasia Europe North America South America Africa Russia Asia Middle East 0% Working overseas versus working in home country 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% Working overseas Working in home country 0% Australasia Europe Asia Africa Russia North America South America Middle East Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 17 . comparing those working in their country of origin against those who originated from elsewhere.
QA/QC and HSE.3% Remain static Increase up to 5% Increase more than 5% but less than 10% Increase greater than 10% 27. As you’d expect there is a high concentration in the Middle East. There is still a level of uncertainty in the market and employers will take a cautious approach to hiring this year. One third of employers have indicated they will not make any changes to their staffing levels while some.4% What percentage of your workforce is currently employed on expat package? 29.8% Above 5% but less than or equal to 10% Greater than 10% How do you expect this percentage to change in the next 12 months? 36. From analysing the data further we see this is particularly the case in the Middle East and Africa. do you expect staffing levels to: 13.3% 12.9% 50. More than one third of employers indicated the percentage of those employed on an expat package will increase in the next 12 months and salaries are likely to increase slightly in this sector as market conditions improve. Results indicate that many expats are working within construction/installation.4% 24.5% Decrease 33.5% 13.6% 28.3% Remain the same Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 18 . albeit a minority are still managing the effect of the global recession and are set to decrease headcount in the next 12 months. Staffing levels In the next 12 months.8% Increase Decrease 12. Expat packages There is a reasonable proportion of the workforce currently employed on an expat package.2% Nil Nil to 5% 17.Industry employment Staffing levels In the next 12 months Just over half of employers have indicated they expect staffing levels to increase this year which is positive news for those currently looking for employment.
Staffing levels What percentage of your staff are employed on temporary / contract assignment? 31. employers have favoured temporary/contract employment as it provides a great deal of flexibility in an uncertain market. Unsurprisingly engineering and construction/installation was the discipline in which contractors were being used the most. Only a small proportion indicated they do not currently employ staff on this basis (16.4%) however of these at least 25 per cent plan to start to do so in the next 12 months.2% Increase Decrease 20.8% 16.6% How do you expect you expect this percentage to change in the next 12 months? 33.Industry employment Staffing levels (continued) Temporary/contract staffing Over the past 18 months. please indicate in which areas: Engineering Geoscience Drilling Construction /installation Production /operations Never Sometimes Always Project controls N/A 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 19 .6% Remain the same If your company does employ contractors. whereas geosciences came in with the lowest utilisation.2% 46.4% 23.2% Nil Nil to 5% Above 5% but less than or equal to 20% Greater than 20% 28.
Job seeking How did you find your current role? 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% Working country of origin Working abroad Company website Online job board Internal move Newspaper Word of mouth Head hunted Agency Other 0% If you are not working in your country of origin. Equally the data also shows that agencies and head hunting play a more prominent role for moves overseas. whilst at home traditional newspapers and internal company mechanisms are in greater use. it is often former colleagues that can best promote individuals skills and availability. With the project led nature of the oil and gas employment market.Industry employment Job seeking Word of mouth continues to be the predominant method of finding work in the industry and unsurprisingly so. how do you keep abreast of job opportunities at home? 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% Intranet and other internal mechanisms Word of mouth Agency contact 0% Internet Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 20 Other .
SECTION FOUR ECONOMIC OUTLOOK More than a third of respondents describe their outlook in the current employment market as positive. Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 21 .
Economic outlook In your opinion.8% 43.9% 35% 22. As such it will always be near or close to the forefront of plans for many in the industry.1% Neutral Positive Extremely positive Which geographic areas will be a key focus for your operations over the next 12 months? 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Eastern and Continental Europe UK and Northern Europe Central Asia East Asia Australasia North America South America Middle East Africa Other 0% Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 22 . The majority of respondents believe the market will recover in less than 12 months which would suggest the second half of 2010. still employing over half of the world’s oil and gas expatriates.6% Negative 34. how long will the market recovery take? 6. Geographic focus Somewhat surprisingly the Middle East appears a stand out in terms of employers focus for 2010. Our own experience at the end of 2009 and the start of 2010 is that the market is picking up and confidence is higher than we’ve seen it since 2008.3% Less than 3 months Between 3 & 6 months Between 7 & 12 months More than 12 months 35. once again gain the ascendancy.Economic outlook Economic outlook Market recovery Whilst only seven per cent of those surveyed saw the recovery taking hold in the near term (within three months) there was undoubtedly a more positive mood through the latter half of the year. Business confidence will always lead an individual’s assessment of the employment market.5% 15. so this should come as no great surprise. and 7 to 12 months may well be the time frame in which job seekers. Employment market This optimism is yet to be fully realised within the employment market with half of respondents either neutral or negative toward the current situation. This said the region remains a significant part of the world market.8% How would you describe your confidence in the current employment market? 6. There is however still a good deal of slack to take up in available candidates.
000+ 50.000+ 6.000+ 345+ 33+ PEOPLE PLACED IN PERMANENT JOBS EACH YEAR RECRUITING EXPERTS WORLDWIDE OFFICES ACROSS 28 COUNTRIES YEARS OF EXPERIENCE TEMPORARY AND CONTRACT STAFF ENGAGED EACH WEEK Oil & Gas Salary Guide 2010 | 23 .ABOUT HAYS 270.
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