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Human Resource Management

Human Resource Management

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Published by Nirmal

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Published by: Nirmal on Oct 13, 2009
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12/19/2012

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In a matrix organization, teams are formed and team members report to two or more
managers. Matrix structures utilize functional and divisional chains of command
simultaneously in the same part of the organization, commonly for one-of-a-kind projects.
It is used to develop a new product, to ensure the continuing success of a product to which
several departments directly contribute, and to solve a difficult problem. By superimposing
a project structure upon the functional structure, a matrix organization is formed that
allows the organization to take advantage of new opportunities. This structure assigns
specialists from different functional departments to work on one or more projects being led
by project managers. The matrix concept facilitates working on concurrent projects by
creating a dual chain of command, the project (program, systems, or product) manager
and the functional manager. Project managers have authority over activities geared toward
achieving organizational goals while functional managers have authority over promotion
decisions and performance reviews. An example is an aerospace firm with a contract from
NASA.

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