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The following notes are a translation of chapters 1, 2 and 3 of the Arabic book Al-Muneer fee Ahkamil Tajweed These notes may be used for noncommercial purposes only. These notes may not be reproduced in any way or form for commercial purposes.
Level 1 Tajweed
Introduction to Tajweed
Linguistically: It means betterment. Applied definition: It is articulating every letter from its articulation
point and giving the letter its rights and its dues of characteristics.
It is to know the rights of the letter (the characteristics of the letter that never leaves it) and the dues of the letter (the letter‟s characteristics that are present in it sometimes and leaves it sometimes). The science of tajweed is the study in which one learns how to pronounce the letters with their characteristics from their correct articulation points, knowing what rules apply to it, and how to start reading a word, how to read it continually and how to stop at it.
History of Tajweed
The Quraan was revealed to the Prophet Muhammed ( َ ُّ ٍَ عٚ َ ٗ ِ ٍَْ ٍػ َ ٗ ُّ ٌٍّى ا ٍص َ ) with tajweed. During the time of the Prophet and his companions there was no such thing as tajweed because that was how the Quraan was taught and recited. The Quraan scholars used to teach their students the Quraan with complete tajweed. They used to recite and their students would recite after them. The process was repeated as many times as necessary until the student could read the Quraan perfectly. As the years went by, more and more people entered into Islam, the scholars saw a need to study how the Quraan was read and then come up with basic rules that can be applied to ensuring its correct recitation. The first publication of tajweed appeared as an independent science in its own right around the 4th century after hijra.
Level 1 Tajweed
Ruling on Tajweed Two Sections to the science of tajweed
Studying the theoretical rules of tajweed, memorising them and understanding them. Ruling: Fardh kifaya (group obligation – as long as there is a group of Muslims studying the theoretical rules of tajweed, the obligation is lifted from the Muslims)
Applying the theoretical rules of tajweed while reading the Quraan. Ruling: Fardh ayan (individual obligation – it is an obligation on every single Muslims male and female to learn to read the Quraan with proper tajweed.
Two ways to obtain the science of tajweed
(Through narration) The sheikh reads and the Quraan and his student reads after him, as many times as necessary until the student perfects his reading and becomes a skilled reciter on his own right. OR The student reads in front of the sheikh and the sheikh corrects him. AND preferably both methods combined together. But it is feared for the student that he may start to forget the rules as time passes by.
(Through studying) It is to study the rules theoretically then apply them practically on the Quraan. If the reader then forgets some of the rules, he revises the theory that he studied and tries to correct himself. BUT the student must also read in front of a sheikh so that he reaches perfection in his recitation. This way the student has combined between ad-dirayiah and ar-riwayiah .
Level 1 Tajweed
Merits of Reciting the Quraan
The definition of the Quraan is: It is the words of Allaah that has been
revealed to the Prophet Muhammed ( َ ُّ ٍع َٚ َ ِ ٍَْٗ ٍػ َ ٗ ُّ ٌٍّى ا ٍص َ ), that has reached us through many reciters, its recitation is worship and it has challenged mankind to produce a surah like its smallest surah.
So reciting Quraan is a way of getting closer to Allah. We have been ordered to read Quraan in a number of ayah in the Quraan. Some of which are: Recite what is sent of the Book by inspiration to thee, and establish regular Prayer: for Prayer restrains from shameful and unjust deeds; and remembrance of Allah is the greatest (thing in life) without doubt. And Allah knows the (deeds) that ye do. [Al-Ankaboot : 45]
… read ye, therefore, of the Quraan as much as may be easy for you [Al-Muzzammil : 20]
As for the reward, the ayah in the Quraan are many, here is one of them: Those who rehearse the Book of Allah, establish regular Prayer, and spend (in Charity) out of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, hope for a commerce that will never fail: For He will pay them their wages, nay, He will give them (even) more out of His Bounty: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (service). [Faatir : 29 – 30]
There are also many ahaadeeth (narrations of the Prophet ( ِ ٍَْٗ ٍػ َ ٗ ُّ ٌٍّى ا ٍص َ ُّ َ ٍع َٚ َ ) ) that encourage reading and studying the Quraan.
Level 1 Tajweed
Applied definition: It is the mistake and deviation from the correct way
Types of Al-Lahin
There are two types of mistakes that can be made when reading the Quraan:
They are mistakes that the reader makes in the rules of tajweed. Such mistakes do not change the meaning of the words, however, one will be hold accountable if they miss out a rule knowingly. Such mistakes will only be picked up by those who have learned tajweed. There are two grades to such mistakes: Grade 1 : obvious tajweed mistakes that would be known to those knowledgeable in reading the Quraan with tajweed such as missing out the idgham rule or leaving the ghunnah or medd . Grade 2 : Detailed mistakes that would only be known to those skilled in reading the Quraan. Such as not pronouncing the ghunnah or tafkheem long enough or unwanted repetition of the letter ( ) س. Also falls into this category not pronouncing the dhammah correctly (in that the lips are not circled). This is especially obvious in the following words: ( ًل ُ ، ُى ُ ٍٍ ػ، ُز ُ ٔ ) أ. Also not pronouncing the kasrah correctly, and this especially obvious in the following words: ( ٗث ِ ، ُٙ ِ ٍٍػ َ ).
Islamic Ruling on Al-Lahin Al-Khafee
It is disliked and some say it is forbidden because the Quraan is not being read how it should be. However, it ruling can be divided into two grades: 1. Haraam (forbidden) if an obvious rule is not applied. 2. Makrooh (disliked) if a detailed rule is not applied.
even if the mistake does not change the meaning of the word.: ( اٛ ) ا٘جطor the ءas عsuch as ( إِٛ ) ءا. Extending the pronunciation of a vowel so that a medd letter pronounced instead of the vowel – such as reading ( ًُ ) لas ( ُ يٛ ) لor ( َثه ) سas ( ) ساثه. Reading the letter with a ( ّ shaddah) when there is no shaddah – such as reading ( ػٛٓ إٌّفْٙ اٌججبي وبٌؼُٛ رىٚ ) as ( ػٛٓ إٌّفْٙ اٌججبي وبٌؼّٛ رىٚ ) or ( ٍٗب الغٍٙ ) ال رغّغ فas ( ال ّٗ ٍب الغٍٙ ) رغّغ ف. This type of mistake effects the accuracy of the reading. Pronouncing a vowel incorrectly – such as reading ( لبي ُ أصذلذ ) عٕٕظشas ( ش ْ ) عٕٕظor ( َ ّذ َْ ) أْٔؼas ( ُ َذ َّ ) أْٔؼ. Shortening the pronunciation of a medd letter so that it is read as a vowel– such as reading ( ْٛاٌزي ُ٘ فٍٗ ِخزٍف ) as ( ِْٛ ُ٘ فٍٗ ِخزٍف ) اٌزor ( ٍّْٛ ) وال عٍؼas ( ٍَّْٛ عٍؼ ًو ) . © GardensofArabic.Tajweed Level 1 Al-Lahin Al-Jelli (Obvious Mistakes) It is a mistake that one makes when pronouncing a word. E. and the reader will be sinful.g. The following are examples of al-lahin al-jelli : Pronouncing a letter incorrectly – such as pronouncing the غas د.com Page 6 . Missing the pronouncing of a letter or a word or adding an extra letter or a word – such as reading ( الٚ ٍٓ ) ٌذط ػٍى طؼبَ اٌّغىas ( ٍٓ ) ال ٌذط ػٍى طؼبَ اٌّغىor ( ْإ ) ٌٍّزمٍٓ ِفبصاas ( إْ ٌٍّزمٍٓ ِفبصاٚ ) . Not reading the letter with a ( ّ shaddah) long enough – such as reading ( ّبن ٔؼجذ ٌ ) إas ( َبن ِ ٌ ) إor ( ّخ عج ) اعُ سثهas ( ِخ اعُ سثه ) عج. It is therefore haraam (forbidden) to make such a mistake. Not pronouncing the ايin the moon letters – such as not pronouncing ايin ( ) اٌجٕخor ( ًّ ) اٌج.
Also.Tajweed Level 1 Manners of Reciting Quraan 1. until his mouth is on the mouth of the reciter. © GardensofArabic. and that men of understanding may receive admonition [Saad:29].com Page 7 . wearing clean clothes with their awra covered.” 3. 2. seek Allah‟s protection from Satan the rejected one [An-Nahl: 96]. It is sunnah to clean ones teeth with the miswak. full of blessings. and recite the Quraan in slow. and every verse recited goes into the angel‟s mouth. It was narrated that Ali (radiya allahu anh) used to encourage others to use the miswak and said: “When a man stands to pray the angel keeps getting close to the reciter listening to him reciting the Quraan. as the words and letters of the Quraan come out of the mouth. Seeking refuge in Allah from shaitaan: When thou dost read the Quraan. To contemplate and ponder on the meaning of the verses they recite and Allah has ordered this in a number of places in the Quraan: (Here is) a Book which We have sent down unto thee. It is preferred that the reciter chooses a place away from distractions. 2. that they may mediate on its Signs. It is preferred for the reciter to have wudu and recite in a clean place. [Al-Muzzammil: 4]. To be careful with and to pay attention to the tajweed and the grammatical rules as Allah says: Or a little more. measured rhythmic tones. so that he can concentrate and ponder on what he is reciting. 3. Manners to be Observed During Recitation 1. using the miswak is pleasing to Allaah and glorifying the Quraan.
contemplating. Maintain the characteristics of the people of the Quraan. General Manners regarding Recitation The reciter of the Quraan should: 1. and to persist in worship and obedience to Allah. as well as making a dua as this dua is acceptable. It has been narrated that Imam Shafie may Allah have mercy on him said: “Whenever a person learns a science he should excel in learning it”. 5. 6. This amount should be at least one juzz so that the © GardensofArabic. alhadr and at-tadweer). The more a person recites Quraan out loud the more the voice automatically improves. taking care of implementing the grammatical and tajweed rules correctly within that level. by making lots of dhikr (remembrance of Allah). To do the prostration of tilawah when the reciter comes across an order for prostration. 2. 3. To read suratul fatiha and the first five ayaat from Suratul Baqarah when they complete reciting the Quraan. or seeking for forgiveness when the reciter comes across an order to beg for forgiveness. 5.com Page 8 . and have the character of the Quraan. To implement what they recite in the Quraan. Set aside a certain amount of the Quraan to be read on a daily basis. 8. Implement what rules he comes cross.Tajweed Level 1 4. that is to say subhana Allah when an order for tasbeeh is made. 4. He should perfect his voice when reading. or ask for jennah when it is mentioned or seek refuge from hell fire when it is mentioned. Strive to perfect their reading. less idle chatting. 7. Should pay attention to the levels of recitation (at-tahqeeq. Ensure that they teach the Quraan and convey its ayaat to other people as the Prophet ( َ ُّ ٍَ عٚ َ ٗ ِ ٍَْ ٍػ َ ٗ ُّ ٌٍّى ا ٍص َ ) said: “convey about me even if it just one ayah”.
and a well known chain of narrators. Pillar Three: The Quraan that one reads must have reached us though the well known correct line of narration. Many scholars have considered some recitations as odd because it reached them through incorrect chain of narrators (even though it was in classical Arabic and in agreement with the Othman script). Every word in the Quraan is an Arabic word. since the Quraan has been revealed in Arabic. Pillar Two: The Quraan script must agree with what was in the Othmaan script. 6. his tongue from idle chat. Get up for tahajud (night prayer) to recite a set portion of the Quraan and to maintain this sunnah. Maintain revising what has been memorized and be careful not to forget it. 7. which is the script that has been written during the time of Othman Bin Affan.com Page 9 . Pillar One: The Quraan read must be in Arabic. there are no non Arabic words in it. Keep his stomach free from haraam food. Pillars of Recitation There are three pillars that must be fulfilled for the recitation to be correct and accepted.Tajweed Level 1 recitation of the Quraan is completed at least once a once. Assim Ibn Abi An-Njood was the leading reciter in the mosque of Abi Abdur Rahman As-Sulamee in the Al-Kufah city in Iraq. 8. however more often would be better. If the reciter falls short of one of these pillars then his recitation will be odd and rejected. The Hafs An Assim Chain of narration This is the chain through which this Quraanic recitation has reached us. That is it must have reached us through many reciters. If he misses reciting his portion of the Quraan in the night then he should make it up between sunrise and noon. Then he became the Imam of that mosque and the leader in recitation. his hands from dealing with haraam and his legs from striving towards haraam. The people learnt © GardensofArabic.
It is also to recite the heavy letters heavy and the light letters light. taking care of the tajweed rules. He recited the Quraan in front of Assim and listened to his recitation. he is Ibn Sulaiman Ibn Al-Mugheerah Al-Asadee AlGhadhree. articulation points. His voice was amongst the best in recitation. and not to fall short in the correct way of pronouncing the vowels. accurate in his recitation and tajweed rules. fulfilling the full rights of the letters without falling short or exceeding their limits. © GardensofArabic. He used to recite the Quraan just like his predecessors did. He was very eloquent in Arabic. Levels of Reading Quraan There are three speeds (levels) of reading the Quraan: At-tahqeeq – It is reading the Quraan slowly. At-Tadweer – It is reading at an intermediate level between at-tahqeeq and al-hadr whilst maintaining the rules of tajweed. At-tahqeeq comes from the meaning “I have achieved this thing” – ie I have known it and perfected it.Tajweed Level 1 the recitation from him. The reader must be careful not to shorten the ghunnah or the medd letters. At-Tarteel – This is the same speed of reading Quraan as at-tahqeeq level except that it for those who have perfected their recitation. This is the teachers level. Al-hadr comes from the meaning of falling from the top to the bottom. He learnt the Qurn from the Assim. lengthening the letters of medd when lengthening is due and shortening when shortening is due. Al-Hadr – It is a swift method of reading the Quraan. Some scholars have considered at-tarteel as a separate level while others put it under at-tahqeeq level. It is giving each letter its rights as to characteristics. This is the learners level. As for Hafs. while contemplating over the meanings. not differing from them. perfectly with sincerity. This is the best level of reading.com Page 10 .
This was how the prophet used to say al-isti‟atha . How to Say Al-Isti‟atha ( The way to say Al-Isti‟atha as chosen by the ten Quran recitors is: ُ١َِج ِ ِ اٌس َْب ْط١َ َ اٌّش ِٓ ِ ِ ٍٗ ٌِّب ذ ثُٛ أع َ ] 89 : ً[ إٌذ ) and it is taken from the Quran: ُ١َِج ِ ِ اٌس َْب ْط١َ َ اٌّش ِٓ ِ ٍِٗ ٌِّب عرْ ث َِ َبظْز َف ُْسْآ د اٌْم َ أ َْ َس َا ل إذ ِف َ “When thou dost read the Qur‟an. Applied Definition: It means seeking refuge and protection with Allah from shaitaan when intending to read the Quran.com Page 11 . Some well known methods: ) ٍٍَُِ ُ اٌؼ اٌغٍَّغُٛ ٘ َ اهلل َْجٍُِ إ ِ اٌش َْب ٍط َْ َ اٌّش ِٓ ِِ ٍٗ ٌِّب ُ ث رُٛ َػ )أ ) ٍَُِج ِ اٌش َْب ٍط َْ َ اٌّش ِٓ ِ ٍُِ ٍَ ُ اٌؼ ٍَّغ ِ اٌغ ٍٗ ٌِّب ُ ث رُٛ َػ )أ ) ٍَُِج ِ اٌش َْب ٍط َْ َ اٌّش ِٓ ِ ٍُظ َِ ِ اٌؼ ٍٗ ٌِّب ُ ث رُٛ َػ )أ ) ٍَُِج ِ اٌش َْب ٍط َْ َِٓ اٌّش ِ ٍٍَُِ ُ اٌؼ ظٍُ اٌغٍَّغ َِ ِ اٌؼ ٍٗ ٌِّب ُ ث رُٛ َػ )أ The Ruling Regarding Al-Isti‟atha There is consensus amongst the scholars that َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعis not part of the Quran but it is required when wanting to recite Quran as mentioned in Suratul Nahl. There are however other ways of saying al-isti‟atha as was reported by other Quran recitors. However. First Opinion: recommended © GardensofArabic.Tajweed Level 1 َح عبذ َز ِ ْاإلظ َح عبذ َز ِ ْ( اإلظAl-Isti‟atha) Linguistically : It means seeking refuge and protection. hence it is the best chosen way of saying it. seek Allah‟s protection from Satan the rejected one” [Suratul Nahl: 96]. the scholars differed in regards to it being obligatory or recommended.
Second Opinion: obligatory This is the opinion of Ataa and Ath-Thawree and others. This is because reading Quran is one of the greatest forms of worship and shaitan would try its best efforts to stop the reader. Their evidence is that seeking refuge was mentioned in the form of an order which makes it an obligation to say َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلع.Tajweed Level 1 Most of the scholars and recitors are of the opinion that the ayah in suratul Nahl recommends saying َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعand this is the preferred opinion. Also. When to say َح ؼبر َز ِ ْاإلع َح ؼبر َز ِ ْاإلع should be said before starting to read Quran. other than when intending to read Quran. This was the sunnah of the prophet. and because it protects the reader from shaitan which is an obligation. It is a way of the servant admitting his weakness in front of this internal enemy and that he cannot protect himself from it. when intending to read. There are however. It gets the tongue ready to read Allah‟s words. When To Say َح عبذ َز ِ ْ اإلظOut Loud It is recommended to say َح ؼبر َز ِ ْاإلع out loud in the following situations: © GardensofArabic. i. the meaning of َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعindicates that it should be said before beginning to read because: it purifies the tongue from idle chat and foul talk. and only Allaah can protect him from it. Also the prophet sometimes did not say َح ؼبر َز ِ ْاإلع. other times when َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعshould be said to be protected from shaitan. It is the opinion of most of the scholars that َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعshould be said before reciting Quran. Also because the prophet was consistent in saying it. Also. Allah has ordered the recitor to repel shaitan while He is listening to His servant calling onto Him through His words.e.com Page 12 . It is a protection with Allaah from any mistakes that could be made during recitation.
2) The reader is alone whether he is reading silently or out loud.Tajweed Level 1 1) If the recitor is about to read out loud and others are present who will hear his recitation. 3) If the reading is done by turn (as in a classroom situation). 2) If the reading is done by turn (as in a classroom situation). 4) The reader is praying whether in the silent or out loud prayer and whether he is the imam or the one being lead. If the recitor says َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعsilently those present would have missed some of what was recited by the time they paid attention. To push away shaitan and his whispering and bad thoughts. To bring the attention of those present. The readers heart is readed for contemplation. َح ؼبر َز ِ ْاإلع silently. This is because saying َح ؼبر َز ِ ْاإلع out loud is a sign that recitation of the Quran is about to begin which is a call to listen. out loud and the others do it When To Say َح عبذ َز ِ ْ اإلظSilently It is recommended to say َح ؼبر َز ِ ْاإلع silently when: 1) The reader is reading silently. the first reader says Benefits of Saying َح عبذ َز ِ ْ اإلظOut Loud An indication that recitation is due to commence. However during the prayer َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعshould be said silently because the followers are in a state of listening from the beginning of the prayer. and the reader is not the first one to read. © GardensofArabic.com Page 13 .
com Page 14 .. 3) If the reader had to stop reading due to other matters outside the Quran such as saying salam or speaking with others then َح ؼبر َز ِ ْاإلع should be repeated. َح َبر ِؼ اإلعْز at the beginning of the Surah or at any © GardensofArabic. َح ؼبر َز ِ ْاإلع. Ways of Seeking Refuge When Starting Recitation With The Beginning Of A Surah Or At Any Later Place The reader can say later place. َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ)اإلع.Tajweed Level 1 Repeating َح ؼبر َز ِ ْاإلع If the reader for some reason has to stop reading then wanted to resume reading should he repeat saying َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ ? اإلعIf the reader had to stop reading then they should do one of three things: 1) If the reader had to stop reading due to other matters concerning the Quran such as looking up the meaning of a word or verse or having to do the 2) If the reader had to stop reading due to a necessity such as coughing or sneezing or forgetfulness……. (Providing that the pause is not left too long before resuming reading otherwise one should repeat There will be no need to repeat saying prostration of tilawah or to be corrected or to clarify a ruling …….
stopping. then stopping. except Surah Tauba (also known as Bara‟a): ًَْص ُ ٚٚ ُ َي ٚع األ ُ َط ل ِش ٌ ثبٌثبٟٔاٌثب Joining the Basmalah with the beginning of the Surah This means seeking refuge. ِش ٌُ اٌثب َطع لٚ ُٟٔ ثبٌثب َي ُٚ األ ًَْص ٚ Joining seeking refuge with the Basmalah This means the seeking refuge and the basmalah are joined with one breath. then the reader stops then starts the surah.com Page 15 . saying the basmalah. All the recitors have a consensuses that there are four ways of saying َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعif one started the recitation at the beginning of the Surah . then saying the basmalah and the beginning of the surah in one breath. and starting the surah all in one breath without stopping. ع١ّ َِ صًْ اٌجٚ َ Joining all three with each other. stopping. then starting the surah. saying the basmalah. Meaning seeking refuge.Tajweed Level 1 Ways of Saying َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعAt The Beginning of the Surah ع١ّ َِ لطع اٌج َ Cutting all three off from each other. Seeking refuge. © GardensofArabic.
“ [Surah Taha: 5] ] 72 : [ فصٍذ عخ ِ َ َب ُ اٌع ٍُْع ِ ُ سّد َُ ٠ِ ٗ١ ْ ٌَإ ِ © GardensofArabic. then they have the choice to either say the basmalah or not. stopping. If the reader chose not to say the basmalah then he has two choices: 1) Joining seeking refuge with the first verse to be read in one breath. If the reader chose to say the basmalah then he has to follow the four ways of saying َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعas detailed above. such as the following verses: ] 752 : [ اٌجمشح ْاُٛ َٕ َِ آ ٓ٠ِ ٌر َُ ا ِٟ ٌٚ َ ُ ٍٗ ٌّا “ Allah is the Protector of those who have faith:” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 257] ] 5 : ٗ[ ط َٜ َٛ ِ اظْز َسْغ اٌْعَٝ ٍع َ ُ ّٓ َح َْ اٌس “ (Allah) Most Gracious is firmly established on the throne (of authority). even if it is one word after the beginning. the reader has a choice either to say the basmalah or to leave it out. OR 2) Seeking refuge. then reading the first verse to be read.Tajweed Level 1 Ways of Saying َح ؼبر َز ِ ْ اإلعAt A Later Place After the Beginning If the recitor started reading at any place other than the beginning. NOTE ONE: If the first verse that is to start reading from begins with the name or one of the attributes of Allaah or with a preposition referring to Him. though saying is better. if the reader started at any place other than at the beginning.com Page 16 . As for surah At-Taubah .
NOTE TWO: If the first verse that is to be read from begins with the name of shaitan or with a preposition referring to him.com Page 17 . such as the following verses: ] 268 : [ اٌجمشح َمْس َ ُ اٌْف ُُ ُو عد َِ ٠ُ َْب ْط١َ اٌّش “ The Evil one threatens you with poverty ” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 268] ] 119 : [ إٌعبء “ Allah did curse him “ [Surah An-Nisa : 118] Then its is preferred for the reader not to say the basmalah or saying the basmalah. then reading the verse. stopping. 2) Seeking refuge and then saying the basmalah . ٍٗ ُ ٌُّ ا ٕٗ َ ََع ٌ © GardensofArabic. then reading the verse because seeking refuge and starting to read with such a verse gives an ugly joining and corrupts the meaning. stopping.Tajweed Level 1 “ To Him is referred the Knowledge of the Hour (of Judgment: He knows all): “ [Surah Fussilat: 47] Then the reader has two choices: 1) Seeking refuge.
they do not count al-basmalah as a verse of Suratul Fatiha and so they count: ُِْ ٙ١َ ٍع َ ََّذ َ أَٔع ٓ٠ٌِر ََ ا َاط ِس ص As the sixth verse. Most Gracious. ُِْ ٙ١َ ٍع َ َ َّذ َ أَٔع ٓ٠ٌِر ََ ا َاط ِس ص As for the scholars from Basra. Is Al-Basmalah A Verse Of The Quraan? The scholars have the consensus that al-basmalah is part of a verse in the following: ] 03 : ًٌّٕ[ ا ُ١َِح ِ ٓ اٌس ِّ َح َْ ٗ اٌس ٍِ ٌَِ ا ُْثع ُِ ٗٔ َِ َإ َٚ َْب ّ١ ْ ٍَظ ُ ِٓ ُِ ٗٔ َ ِإ "It is from Solomon. Palestine). As for us.com Page 18 . we follow the scholars of Kufa and Mecca and therefore consider albasmalah the first verse of suratul Fatiha . The scholars of Kufa and Mecca al-basmalah as a verse of suratul Fatiha and so they count as part of the seventh verse. Rather they consider it as one verse that been sent down to separate the surahs of the Quraan and was mentioned in the beginning of suratul Fatiha. and is (as follows): „In the name of Allah. However. those who follow the narration of Hafs An Asim .Tajweed Level 1 Al-Basmalah Definition Al-basmalah means saying ( ُ١َِح ِ ِ اٌس َٓ َحّْـ ِ اٌس ٍٗ ٌِّ ا ُْثع ِ ). the scholars have differed to whether it is the first count : verse of suratul Fatiha or not. As for the four schools of thought: Hanafee And Hanbelee Schools of thought: They do not count al-basmalah as a verse of suratul Fatiha nor of every surah. Madina and Bilad Ash-sham (Syria. Most Merciful: ” [Suratun Naml: 30]. Jordan. Their evidence is the hadeeth which says: © GardensofArabic.
neither of those who have gone astray.‟ [Saheeh Muslim [Eng. Also the salef (predecessors) have agreed that suratul Kauther is made up of three verses. not of those who have incurred [Your] wrath.Tajweed Level 1 Muslim reports from Abu Hurayrah (radiya allahu anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah ( َ ُّ ٍع َٚ َ ِ ٍَْٗ ٍػ َ ٗ ُّ ٌٍّى ا ٍص َ ) said. the Glorious and Exalted said. Allaah.com Page 19 . due to the differences mentioned above. Hence albasmalah is not a verse of every surah.‟ When he says. the Lord of the universe‟. Trans. The Ruling Regarding al-basmalah When Reading From the Beginning Of A Surah All the scholars of recitation agree that those professional reciters should start a surah with al-basmalah because they have learnt the Quraan from their teachers through narration. „My servant has praised Me.‟ Allaah says. 1/215 no. Another narration for Shafee and Ahmad schools of thought is that al-basmalah is a verse of suratul Fatiha only.‟ When he says. the Most Merciful.‟ When he says.” Therefore when the servant says. „My servant has glorified Me. Shafee School of thought: al-basmalah is a complete verse of suratul Fatiha and of every surah .‟ Allaah says.‟ When he says. “I have divided the prayer between Myself and my servant equally and My servant shall be granted what he asked for. „this is between Me and My servant and My servant shall have what he requested. „guide us to the Straight Path. „all praises and thanks are due to Allaah. So they should read as © GardensofArabic. „Master of the Day of Judgment.‟ Allaah says. „this is for My servant and My servant shall have what he asked for. 775]] They say that if al-basmalah the first verse of suratul Fatiha the hadeeth would have started suratul Fatiha with it. „You Alone we worship and Your aid Alone do we seek for help. That is three verses without al-basmalah. „My servant has extolled Me. „the Most Beneficent. the Path of those whom You have favoured. Allaah says.‟ Allaah says. all schools of thought agree that whoever does not consider albasmalah as the first verse of every surah is not a disbeliever. However.
The same applies to surat AtTaubah . © GardensofArabic.com Page 20 . But al-basmalah should be left out when reading surat At-Taubah from the beginning. though starting with it is preferred because of its merits and the reward one would get. then saying the al- basmalah and the beginning of the surah in one breath. with al-basmalah). The Ruling Regarding Al-Basmalah Between Two Surahs “Between two surahs” means finishing the recitation of one surah and continuing to read the next surah. Ending the last surah. then starting the surah. Saying al-basmalah and starting the next surah all in one breath without stopping.e. then saying al-basmalah then stopping. Meaning stopping at the last surah. ع١ّ َِ لطع اٌج َ Cutting all Here the reader has a choice of 3 ways with al-basmalah : three off from each other. ع١ّ َِ صًْ اٌجٚ َ Joining all three with each other. Here the reciter has choice s to whether to start with albasmalah or not. The Ruling Regarding al-basmalah When Reading From Any Place Other Than The Beginning Of A Surah “From any place other than the beginning of surah” means not from the first word of the first verse. ًٟٔ اٌثب ُ َْص ٚٚ ُ يٚ َ ع األ ُ َط ل ِش ٌ ثبٌثبJoining the begning of the Basmalah with the Surah Ending the last surah. stopping. though some scholars are of the opinion that al-basmalah should not be said even when starting to read surat At-Taubah any place other than the beginning. but from the second word of the first word onwards.Tajweed Level 1 they have been taught (i.
then start Surat At-Taubh.com Page 21 . without a pause and applying the iglb rule between © GardensofArabic. Then strating with Surat AtTaubh. then only two ways are allowed: Cutting all three off each other and joining al- basmalahwith the beginning of the next surah. It is also possible to stop with one of the following methods where applicable: as-sukoon al-mahidh. then take a breath with the intention of continuing the recitation. ar-rawm or ishmaam (all will be studied later on so don‟t worry about what they are now). one of the following ways should be adopted: First Way: To stop t the end of the last surah before Surat At-Taubh. This is because al-basmalahis said at the beginning of the surah and not at the end. or not consequent such as Surat Al-Fatiha and then reading surat Yasin. arrawm or ishmaam (all will be studied later on so don‟t worry about what they are now). It is also possible to stop with one of the following methods where applicable: as-sukoon al-mahidh. whether the two surahs are consequent such as surat Al-Imran followed by Surat An-Nisa. the following applies: If the the surah that has been read is before surat AtTaubah then the reader wants to read Surat At-Taubh. then stop and then start the next surah.Tajweed Level 1 NOTE: The reader cannot finishing reading the last surah and then read al-basmalahin one breath. Second Way: As-Sakit : Stop at the end of the last surah for a few seconds without taking a breath. If the two surahs being read are not in order such as reading Surat Al-Mulk and then Surah Yasin . The above mentioned 3 ways are permissible for ending the recitation of one surah and beginning another. As for Surat At-Taubh. Third Way: Joining the previous surah with Surat AtTaubh.
© GardensofArabic. without saying basmalah. If the reader wanted to read Surat At-Taubh. one way applies here.com Page 22 . then start reading Surat At-Taubh. If the the surah that has been read is after surat AtTaubah (according to the order of the surahs in the Quraan) then the reader wants to read Surat At-Taubh. It is not permissible to join the two surahs no al- is it to apply the second way mentioned above (as-sakit). then stopping. a number of times then he should not join it with its beginning nor should he apply as-sakit. To finish the last surah.Tajweed Level 1 the end of the last surah and the beginning of Surat At- Taubh.
( ) g) Some of the scholars of tajweed consider at-tarteel as an independent level of recitation and they put it before the at-tahqeeq level. al-hadr and at-tarteel ( ) e) The ruling on learning tajweed is (fardh kifayah) obligatory upon Muslims as a whole like learning the other sciences the Muslims need ( f) One example of al-lahin al-khafee is that the length of the ghunnah or tafkheem are said shorter than their exact length.Tajweed Level 1 Exercise 1 1) Put ( √ ) or ( X ) in front of the following sentences. if the recitor falls short of one of these pillars then their recitation will be considered odd by the scholars. ) ( ) ) j) There are more than three pillars of recitation.com Page 23 . ( ) 2) What are the differences between: a) al-lahin al-jellie and al-lahin al-khafee b) Levels and pillars of reading the Quran 3) Answer the following questions: © GardensofArabic. correcting those sentences that are wrong: a) Al-Lahin is the mistake and deviation from the correct way of reading( ) b) The ruling on al-lahin al-khafee is haraam (forbidden) while it is makrooh (disliked) for al-lahin al-jellie ( ) c) An example of grade 1 of al-lahin al-khafee is missing out the ghunnah or not applying the idgham rule when it is due ( ) d) There are only three levels of reading the Quran at-tahqeeq.( ) h) One example of al-lahin al-jellie in tajweed is not pronouncing the letter يin the moon letters. ( i) There is one way of obtaining the science of tajweed through narration.
Tajweed Level 1 a) Who is hafs? Who is his teacher? b) What does hafs an assim chain of narration mean? c) Mention 5 manners which should be observed when reciting the Quran.com Page 24 . 4) Give three examples of a) al-lahin al-jellie b) al-lahin al-khafee 5) Define the following terms: a) Science of tajweed b) Al-lahin © GardensofArabic.
pause. stop. then start reading the first verse of surat At-taubah. 3) In one breath finish reading surat At-taubah. 2) Finish reading surat At-taubah. stop. stop. then say al-basmalah. pause the start reading the first verse of surah Maryam. then start reading it again. 3) Neither (a) nor (b) are correct.Circle the wrong answer: a) A reader was reading the Quran then stopped to sneeze: 1) They should repeat saying al-istiatha 2) They should resume reading without saying al-istiatha 3) Neither (a) or (b) are correct b) Aisha finished reading surah Yasin then she wanted to read Surah Mar yam she should: 1) Finish reading surah Yasin.com Page 25 . then say albasmalah.Tajweed Level 1 Exercise 2 1) Mulltiple Choice . stop. 3) In one breath finish reading surah Yasin. c) If a person wanted to read surat At-taubah they should: 1) Finish reading surat At-taubah. 2) In one breath finish reading surah Al-Muzammil. then start reading the first verse of surat At-taubah. stop. then in one breath say albasmalah and start reading the first verse of surah Maryam. then start reading the first verse of surah Maryam. 2) Finish reading surah Yasin. pause. then say al-basmalah. then start reading it again. d) Maryam was reading surah Al-Muzammil then she wanted to red surat At-taubah she should: 1) Finish reading surah Al-Muzammil. and then start reading it again. © GardensofArabic. then say al-basmalah.
f) There are three ways of applying al-basmalah between 2 surahs: 1) Finish reading the last surah. then stop then start reading the next surah. d) The reader cannot finish reading the last verse in a surah nd then saying al-basmalah in one breath. then stop. 2) In one breath. © GardensofArabic. b) Should you not say al-basmalah if the if the first verse to be read from begins with the name of shaitaan or with a preposition referring to him. say al-basmalah and start reading the next surah. take a breath.Tajweed Level 1 e) If a person was reading surat At-taubah and another surah in consequent orders in the Quran they should NOT: 1) Joining the previous surah with surat At-taubah without stopping 2) Apply As-sakit rule between the two surahs 3) Stop at the last surah. say al-basmalah and then start reading surat At-taubah. 2) Explin why: a) A person should say Al-Istitha out loud if others are present who will hear his recitation. finish reading the last surah.com Page 26 . then say al-basmalah then stop then start reading the next surah. 3) Finish reading the last surah and say al-basmalah in one breath. c) A person should NOT join saying al-istiatha with the first verse of recitation that mentions Allaah or one of His Attibutes or a preposition referring to Him.
saying al-basmalah and start reading in one breath. saying al-basmalah. saying al-basmalah and start reading in one breath. The reader has a number of choices when saying al-istiatha at the beginning of surah: The reader has a number of choices when saying albasmalah between two surahs: 4) When should we do the following things: a) Repet saying al-istiatha b) Say al-istiatha out loudly c) Say al-istiatha silently 5) What are the benefits of: a) saying al-istiatha when intend to read the Quran b) saying al-istiatha out loud 6) Discuss the following: a) If al-basmalah is verse of the Quran or not b) If al-istiatha is obligatory or not © GardensofArabic.Tajweed Level 1 3) Match the left column with the right column: A If the first verse to start reading from starts with the nme of Allaah or one of his attributes then the user has: The reader started to read the surah 3 ayaat in and chose not to say al-basmalah then he has: B 2 choices: (1) saying al-istiatha and start reading in one breath (2) saying al-istiatha. stopping then start reading (1)Saying al-istiatha.com Page 27 . stopping. stopping then start reading (2) saying al-istiatha then saying al-basmalah. stopping. al-basmalah and start reading in one breath. (4) Saying al-istiatha and albasmalah in one breath. (3) Saying al-istiatha. (1) Saying al-istiatha. (2) Saying al-istiatha. stopping. stopping. stopping. (3) Saying al-istiatha. 2 choices: (1) saying al-istiatha. saying al-basmalah. start reading. stopping. stopping. then start reading. start reading. al-basmalah and start reading in one breath. (2) Saying al-istiatha.
ً٘ َ ٌ عال ح دبظشح ً رجبس The Difference Between ْ اٌعبوٕخٌٕٛ اand ٓ٠ٕٛاٌز ْ اٌعبوٕخٌٕٛا 1) It occurs in the middle of a word and at the end of it ٓ٠ٕٛاٌز It occurs at the end of the word only.. but only at then end of the word.com Page 28 . ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛا ( : a is absent is When continuing the reading ) pronounced. It also occurs in prepositions and particles ( In the Quran ) اٌذشف. ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اoccurs in nouns and verbs. in the middle and at the end of the word. Such as: ً ( ٌٓ اٌفزخٕٛر or ) ٍ ( ٌٓ اٌىغشٕٛر or ) ٌ ( ٌُٓ اٌعٕٛر ٗء خٍم ٍ ًَ ِٓ أي ش ِ . َْٛ َ ٌٕٙ َ ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛا remains unchanged in its ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛا is written with a sukoon on it such as: ٓ ََ َِا ِٓ ء َ Written form ) ( زظّب: written form When continuing the reading ) صالٚ ( : It is pronounced When stopping at the word ) لفبٚ ( : It is pronounced ٓ٠ٕٛاٌز is a term for an extra ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اthat is not used for emphasises and found at the end of nouns only: Written form ) ( زظّب: This type of in written form. When stopping at the word ) ٌٕٓٛاٌز can be ) . © GardensofArabic. That means it does not have فزذخnor ظّخnor وغشح.Tajweed Level 1 ٓ٠ٕٛاٌزٚ ْ اٌعبوٕخٌٕٛأحىبَ ا ْ اٌعبوٕخٌٕٛ اis a noon that does not have any vowel ( ) دشوخon it. صالٚ ْ اٌغبوٕخٛٔ لفبٚ ( : It is either abandoned (ie not pronounced) such as ) ٌ ٌٍٍُ ػ ٍَّغ ( عOR it is changed to an اٌفsuch as ) ً َ ِفبصا ٍْٓ ٌٍّزم َ ( إ.
the noun in its written form. It is an extra letter. It is only pronounced when continuing to read the word after it ) صالٚ (.com Page 29 .Tajweed Level 1 2) It occurs in the noun ( ُ) االع. There are four tajweed rules that equally apply to ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛا and ٌٕٓٛاٌز : بسٙاإلظ Its letters are: اٌخبءٚ ٍٓاٌغٚ ، اٌذبءٚ ٍٓاٌؼٚ ، بءٌٙاٚ ّضحٌٙا اإللالة Its letters are: َاإلدغب Its letters are: اٌجبء ٓ٠ٕٛاٌزٚ ْ اٌعبوٕخٌٕٛأحىبَ ا ْ ٚ ي س َ ي " ٍِْٛ" ٌش اإلخفبء Its letters are: ، اٌزاي، اٌذاي، ٍُ اٌج، اٌثبء، اٌزبء ، اٌعبد، اٌصبد، ٍٓ اٌّش، ٍٓ اٌغ، اٌضاي اٌىبف، اٌمبف، اٌفبء، اٌظبء، اٌطبء © GardensofArabic. It occurs in nouns ( ُاالع ) only. 4) It is pronounced and is written in It is pronounced but is absent from the Quran. 5) It can be a letter part of the formation of the word and it can be an extra letter. the prepositions and particles ( ) اٌذشفand the verb ( ً) اٌفؼ 3) It is pronounced when continuing to read after it ) صالٚ ( and when stopping on it ) لفبٚ ( .
whether in one word or in between two words.com Page 30 . ً٘ َ ٌ عال ٍٓاٌؼ ٍٍُػ ٌ َ غ ٌِ اعٚ ً دبظشح رجبسح اٌذبء © GardensofArabic. then pronounce ٌْٕٛ اclearly.Tajweed Level 1 بزٙاإلظ بزٙاإلظ linguistically: It means clear or obvious. How To Apply بزٙ اإلظRule On Its Six Letters When ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اor ٌٕٓٛ اٌزappears immediately after one of the above letters.. The letters are: اٌخبءٚ ٍٓاٌغٚ ، اٌذبءٚ ٍٓاٌؼٚ ، بءٌٙاٚ ّضحٌٙا These letters are known as ف اٌذٍمٍخٚ( اٌذشthe throat letters) because they are articulated from the throat. بزٙف اإلظٚبز( حسٙ اإلظLetters) There are six letters which when they immediately follow ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛا or ٌٕٓٛاٌز cause ٌْٕٛ اto be pronounced clearly. Applied Definition: It is pronouncing the letter from its correct articulation point without an apparent غٕخ. بزٙاإلظ Letters In One Word Between 2 words With ٓ٠ٕٛاٌز ّضحٌٙا ْٛئ َ َٕ ٌْ َٚ َ ُ ُْ ْ أٔز ْإ ا إرا ًػجْذ َ بءٌٙا بساٙٔ ً ْ أٚ ذ َ ّ ْؼ َٔ ْأ ذش َٔ ْ اٚ ٘بد ٍ َ ٓ ِْ ِ ك ٍٍ َػ َ ٓ ِْ ِ جه َ َ ٓ دب ّْ َف َ .
So applying َ اإلدغبruling would not be suitable because there is no reason for it. As for ٌٕٓٛ اٌزit appears as ً ( ٌٓ اٌفزخٕٛر ) or ) ٍ ( ٌٓ اٌىغشٕٛ رor ) ٌ ( ٌُٓ اٌعٕٛ ر. letters ( Levels of بزٙ اإلظRule بسٙاإلظ rule has three levels depending on the distance between بسٙاإلظ letter and the noon sakinah: Level 1 – ػٍٍبfor بءٌٙاٚ ّضحٌٙ اbecause they are the furtherst distance from the noon sakinah. Level 3 – دٍٔبfor اٌخبءٚ ٍٓ اٌغbecause they have the closest distance to the noon sakinah.Tajweed Level 1 ٍٓاٌغ ْٛع َ ُ غ ِٕ ٍْ ُغ َف َ خ ُم َٕ ِخ َٕ ُْ ٌّا ً ٍغ ِ ٓ ِْ ِ خٍْش ٍ َ ٓ ِْ ِ ش ٍَ ْغ َ ال ً ٛل َ خجٍش ٌ َ ف ٌ ٌٍط َ اٌخبء Reason for Applying بزٙ اإلظrule on These Letters The reason is the far distance between the articulation point of these اٌخبءٚ ٍٓاٌغٚ ، اٌذبءٚ ٍٓاٌؼٚ ، بءٌٙاٚ ّضحٌٙ) اand the articulation point of the noon sakinah . nor would اٌمٍتruling as its a means to apply the االخفبءruling. Level 2 – عطىٚ for اٌذبءٚ ٍٓ اٌؼbecause they have the intermediate distance from the noon sakinah. ًبس اٌذٍمٙ اإلظappears in the Quran as a noon with sukoon on it such as: ّذ َ ْع َ ْٔأ َبّد ٍ ٘ ِْٓ ِ . nor would االخفبءruling be suitable as it close to the َ اإلدغبruling. © GardensofArabic.com Page 31 . This type of بسٙ إظis known as ًاٌذٍم بسٙ اإلظbecause the articulation point of these letters is from the throat اٌذٍك.
com Page 32 . There is no difference between Reason For Applying اإللالةRuling: The reason اإللالةis applied on this letter and not one of the other rules is because: بسٙ اإلظis difficult to pronounce and requires extra effort in pronouncing the ْ عبوٕخٛٔ clearly and then pronouncing اٌجبء. or ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛا ٍُِ with a غٕخwhen followed by the letter اٌجبء. اإللالةruling and يٛ اإلخفبء اٌّشفruling when practiced verbally. © GardensofArabic. one word ends with ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اor ٌٕٓٛ اٌزand the immediate word after it begins with the letter ) اإللالة ) ( ةis then applied. There is no reason to apply َ اإلدغبruling due to the far distance between the articulation points of the letters involved. This غٕخis a characteristic of the ٍُِ . Applied Definition: It means changing ٌٕٓٛاٌز to a hidden ف اإللالةٚ اإللالة( حسLetters) اإللالةrule has only one letter: ) اٌجبء ( ة. rather read it s a ٍُِ . as quoted by اإلِبَ اثٓ اٌجضسي. 3) Pronounce this ٍُِ with a غٕخof two counts long.Tajweed Level 1 اإللالة اإللالة or اٌمٍتlinguistically: It means change. When the letter ) ( ة immediately follows ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اor ٌٕٓٛ اٌزin one word or in between two words (i. 2) Hide this ٍُِ by not pressing on its articulation point (the lips). How To Apply اإللالةRule On Its Letter When the letter ) ( ةimmediately follows ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اor ٌٕٓٛ اٌزin one word or in between two words the following should take place: 1) Do not pronounce ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛا or ٌٕٓٛ اٌزat all.e.
and to achieve it had to be changed into a articulation point and ٌٕٓٛاٌزٚ ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛا ٍُِ because all three letters share the same ٌٍُّ اshares اٌغٕخwith ٌْٕٛ ا.com Page 33 . ) َ اإللالة appears in the Quran as a noon with a small full size ( ٍُِ on it such as: As for سنٛث َ ُ َ ْأ ْ جز َ ّ َ ٍٕ ٌُ َ َ ٌٕٓٛ اٌزthe اإللالةappears as a small full size ) one of the ٌٕٓٛ اٌزvowels: ثراد ِ َُ ُ ١ٍع َ سا١ثص َ َ ( ٍُِ instead of َب ع١ّظ َ َْعد َ ًَ ث ِز ُع ُ © GardensofArabic. hiding إخفبءbecomes ideal.Tajweed Level 1 Thus.
َ اإلدغبcan only be applied between two words and not within one word.com Page 34 .Tajweed Level 1 َاإلّدغب َاإلّدغب linguistically: It means merging. ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اor ٌٕٓٛاٌز ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اor ٌٕٓٛ اٌزand Divisions Of َ اإلّدغبRule سغٕخ١إّدغبَ ثغ ( َ إّدغبwithout غٕخ Its letters are: ) is divided into two groups with regards to saying it with غٕخor without َاإلّدغب إّدغبَ ثغٕخ ( َ إّدغبwith غٕخ Its letters are: ) ز ي ٚ َ ْ ٞ " ّٕٛ٠ " إّدغبَ ثغٕخ This type of َ اإلدغبis applied with a letters of the word ّٕٛ٠ . ْ ٚ ز َ يٞ and they form the When one of the َ اإلدغبletters immediately follow in between two words (i. one word ends with the immediate word after it begins with one of the above letters) then َ اإلدغبrule is applied.e. غٕخ of 2 counts long. Applied Definition: It means merging a non-voweled letter with another voweled letter so that the two letters become one emphasized letter of the second type. The four ٍِْٛس٠ letters that make up this sub-group make up the © GardensofArabic. َف اإلّدغبٚ اإلّدغبَ( حسLetters) َ اإلدغبrule has six letters: word " ٍِْٛس٠ " .
pronounce ُ instead of ٌ. اٌزinstead pronounce the letter after it without a غٕخ.Tajweed Level 1 How To Apply إّدغبَ ثغٕخOn Its Letters If one of the إّدغبَ ثغٕخletters ( ٚ َ ْ ٞ " ّٕٛ٠ " ) immediately follow ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اin between two words then do not pronounce ٌْٕٛا . If one of the ثغٕخ َإّدغب letters ( ٚ َ ْ ٞ " ّٕٛ٠ " ) immediately follow ٌٕٓٛ اٌزin between two words then do not pronounce instead pronounce one of instead of ٌٕٓٛاٌز .com Page 35 . Examples: ] 8 : ّضحٌٙ[ ا ] 38 : [ ٌظ صح ٍ ََ ٌّ ُ ٍصح َّ َ٘ ُ ِ ًى ٌُ ًِ ٌ ْ٠ٚ َ ُ١ِ ٍ زح َ ٍ زة َ ِٓ ِ ًب ٌْٛل ٌَ ََب ٍَ ظ © GardensofArabic.e. اٌغبوٕخinstead pronounce the letter after it with a غٕخof two counts long. Examples: ] 8 : [ إٌبصػبد ] 53 : [ إٌجأ ] 02 : [ اٌّشعالد ] 1 : [ اٌّغذ َخ ٌ جف ِ اٚ َ ر ٍِ ِئ َٛ ْ٠ َة ٌ ُٛ ٍُ ل ًب َاث ور ِ َب ٌٚ َ ًا ٛغ ٌْ َ َبٙ١ِ َْ فُٛ ّع َع ْ َ٠ َب ٌ ٓ١ِ ٍ ِٙ َ ء ٍ َب ِ ِٓ ِ ُُ ُمى ٍْٔخ َ ٌُْ ََ أ رت َ َٚ َ ت ٍ َ ٌٙ َ ِٟ أث َ َا د٠ َ ْجذ َر َ سغٕخ١إّدغبَ ثغ This type of َ اإلدغبis applied with out a the غٕخ. How To Apply سغٕخ١ إّدغبَ ثغOn Its Letters If one of the سغٕخ١ إّدغبَ ثغletters ( ) ي زimmediately follow ٌْٕٛا اٌغبوٕخor ٌٕٓٛ اٌزin between two words then do not pronounce ٌْٕٛا اٌغبوٕخor ٌٕٓٛ . َ ً and ِ instead of ٍ ) then pronounce the letter after it with a غٕخof two counts long. The two letters of ٍِْٛس٠ letters that make up this sub-group are ي ز. ٌٕٓٛاٌز vowels ( i.
ٌْٕٛ اand ٌٍُّ ) اitself disappears completely and so do its characteristics ( including ) اٌغٕخ.. It is a basic characteristic of ٌْٕٛ( اincluding ٌٕٓٛ ) اٌزand the letter ) ُ١ٌّ َ ( ا. Its letters are : ) ( اٌٍبء ي ) ٚاٌٛ( ا ٚ Page 36 © GardensofArabic. such as: :[ ٌظ .. such as: ِبي َ ِٓ ِ ] 0 : فٙ[ اٌى ٌْد َ ِٓ ِ ] 38 : [ٌظ .Tajweed Level 1 اٌغٕخis a sound that comes from the nasal. Its length is 2 counts. اbecause the first ٌٍُّا ٌْٕٛ اwere merged completely and so the letters themselves without any vowel on it. and the letter after it has a ( ّ ) on it. غٕخthat is present when ٌٍُّ اand ٌْٕٛ اare merged with ٌٍُّا ٌْٕٛ اis from the second ٌٍُّ اand ٌْٕٛ .e. ُ١زح َ ّ زة ٍ َ ] 246 : … [ اٌجمشح ًِْ ٔمَبر ُ ًب ِى ٍِ َ … ]58 ( اإلّدغبَ إٌبلصIncomplete َ ) إّدغب: Is when the letter that is being merged ( i. Complete and Incomplete َإّدغب َإدغب is also divided with regards to it being complete and incomplete: ًِ ( اإلّدغبَ اٌىبComplete َ ) إّدغب: Is when the letter that is being merged ( i.e.. and ًِ اإلدغبَ اٌىبappears in the Quran as a ْٛٔ the letter after it has a ( ّ ) on it. ة ِ َ ِٓ ز ِ ] 55 : سٌٕٛ[ا As for the ٌٕٓٛ رit appears as two small lines one following the other.com . Its letters are: Thus the and ) َي ( اال ) س ( اٌشاء ) ٌٍَُّ ( ا ) ٌْْٕٛ ( ا and disappeared along with their characteristics.. ٌْٕٛ اand ٌٍُّ ) اitself disappears but its characteristics ( including ) اٌغٕخremain.
(complete Examples for the three types of The letter With َإّدغب ٌْٕٛا ٓ٠ٕٛاٌز Type of َإّدغب ٌْٕٛا ُِٟ ف ٗع ْ ى َِ ُٕ ُٔ ٖس ِْ ّع َُ ٔ َْٓ ِٚ َ ُْٛ َ ٍم ِ َْع ٠ َب ٍف َ َِ أ خٍْك َ ٌْا … ًِْ ٔمَبر ُ ًب ِى ٍِ َ … ًِإّدغبَ ثغٕخ وب ِٓ ٌِ ًَْج َب ح ٘د ِ ١ِ جِٟف © GardensofArabic. ) اٌغٕخ without any vowel on it. such as: ] 6 : [ اٌضٌضٌخ ُُْ ٌََٙب ّع ْأ َ ْاَُٚس ١ِ ٌ أشْزَبرًب َُ َبض ٌُٕ ا ُز صد ْ ٠ َر ٍِ َِئٛ ْ َ٠ ٖس ُ ََ ٠ ًا ْس١ٍَ خ زح ََ َذ ِثْمَبي ِ ًَّْع ْ٠ َ َٓ ّف َ ] 7 : [ اٌضٌضٌخ Overall There Are Three Types Of َإّدغب If the two divisions of types of َ إدغب: َإدغب are merged together.. إّدغبَ ثغٕخ ٔبلص ٚاٌٛاٌٍبء اٚ . اإلدغبَ إٌبلصappears in the Quran as a ْٛٔ ٌٕٓٛر and the letter after it does NOT have a ( ّ ) on it. ّٓ ِء ِ ً جصا َ ًِإّدغبَ ثغٕخ وب Page 37 .. there would be three ًِإّدغبَ ثغٕخ وب ٌْٕٛاٚ .e. hence the merge is incomplete.com . (complete َ إدغبwith – ) غٕخits letters are ٌٍُّا َ إدغبwith – ) غٕخits letters are َ إدغبwithout – )غٕخits letters : With (incomplete ًِس غٕخ وب١إّدغبَ ثغ are َاٌالٚ اٌشاء.Tajweed Level 1 Thus when ْٓ اٌغبوٌٕٛ اand ٌٕٓٛ اٌزare merged with ٚاٌٛ اand اٌٍبءthe ْٓ اٌغبوٌٕٛ اand ٌٕٓٛ اٌزdisappear but their characteristics ( i. or a remains.
. " ّٕٛ٠ " is because it is a ز ي is to make it easy The reason why اٌغٕخis removed with the letters to pronounce. They both have the same articulation point and the same characteristics because they are the same letter..com Page 38 . Pronouncing some hardship..ٌْٛٛم٠ ْإ .. As for merging ٌْٕٛ اwith the rest of َ اإلدغبletters it is because of the closeness of the articulation point of the letters involved (i. ة ِ َ ِٓ ز ِ ٌْد َ ِٓ ِ ُُْ ٌََٙ ٌٚ َح َٛغّش ِ . اٌغٕخ with these letters causes the reader © GardensofArabic.Tajweed Level 1 ُ١ٌّا َد ٍ ِع َ ٌٟٚ ٍ َ ِٓ ِ ... The reason اٌغٕخremains with the letters strong characteristic.e ْ with َ ي ي سٚ ).ُِ ٙ١فٛ َ٠ر ٍئ ِِ َ ْٛ٠ َ . ُ١زح َ ّ زة ٍ َ ٚاٌٛا إّدغبَ ثغٕخ ٔبلص بء١ٌا اٌساء َاٌال إّدغبَ ثغٕخ ٔبلص س غٕخ١إّدغبَ ثغ ًِوب ت٠ َ ْ ََ ز ُ ال َبة َ اٌْىِز ٌه ِذ َ س غٕخ١إّدغبَ ثغ ًِوب ٓ١ِ َ َم ُز ٍّ ٌْ ِ ًُٜد ِ٘ ٗ١ِ ف Reason For Applying َ اإلّدغبRuling As for merging a ْٛٔ with a ْٛٔ it is because of the resemblance between them...
It is called so because it is not from ًبس اٌذٍمٙاإلظ اٌشػذ ] ] َاألٔؼب nor of any of the other بسٙ إظrules. However. That was how it was read by ُ دفص ػٓ ػبص. Exception 2 – اٌعىذ [ 07 : Here we read ِٓ ً١لٚ then ض pause without taking a breath then read: زاق. The ْذ عى َ is what prevents َاإلدغب from taking place.Tajweed Level 1 Exceptions When َ اإلّدغبRuling Does NOT Apply There are occasions when َ اإلدغبdoes not apply even when one of the " ٍِْٛ“ ٌش letters immediately follow ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اor ٌٕٓٛ اٌز: Exception 1 – بز اٌّطٍكٙاإلظ َ اإلدغبrule does not apply if one of َ اإلدغبletters immediately follow ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اin one word. That is how it was read by is also called زاق ٍ َ َْٓ ض ِ ًَ١ِ َلٚ اٌمٍبِخ - ُ دفص ػٓ ػبص.com . This only occurs in four words in the Quran: ب١ُْٔ اٌد ٓ١ُْٕ ث ْإْٛص ِ ْإْٛل ِ Whenever it occurs: Whenever it occurs: [4: [ 99 : In these cases ٌْٕٛ اis pronounced clearly without a غٕخand it is not permissible to apply َ اإلدغبrule as it would confuse the intended meaning. The is known as ْذ عى َ ] (stopping without taking a breath). This rule is called بسِظٍكٙإظ (absolute clearness). Page 39 © GardensofArabic. Also falls under this exception: ُْٚ َ ُس عْط٠ َ َب ِٚ َ ِ َُ ٍم َ ٌْاٚ َ ْ ُ١ِ ِ َى ْ اٌْح ِ ُسْآ اٌْمٚ َ ط٠ [1: ٍُاٌم ] َاإلدغب and is not applied when reading ْ ط٠ in continuum with the next letter (note that ْ and ط٠ both end with عبوٕخ [ 1-0 : ] ٌظ ْٛٔ ). This rule بسِظٍكٙ إظ. This rule is also called بسِظٍكٙ إظ. ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اis merged with ٌٍُّ اin ُ [ طع1 : ] اٌّشؼشاءand [ 1 : ] اٌمصصin accordance with how it was read by ُ دفص ػٓ ػبص.
ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛا How To Apply اإلخفبءRule On Its Letters When one of the إخفبءletters: ) (ص ذ س ن ج غ ق ض ّد ط ش ف د ض ظ immediately follows words.com Page 40 . ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛا or ٌٕٓٛ اٌزin one word or in between two ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اis not pronounced. ف اإلخفبءٚ اإلخفبء( حسLetters) اإلخفبءrule has 15 letters: ص ذ س ن ج غ ق ض ّد ط ش ف د ض ظ They are the remaining letters of the Arabic alphabet after removing: the six letters of بسٙ َ ْ( إظidhaar) ) ( ّ٘ضح ٘بء ع ح ؽ ر the six letters of َغب َ ْ( إدidgham) ) ٍِْٛ( ٌش the one letter of ْالة ( إلiqlaab) ) ( ة The letter alif is not included as it does not appear after (noon sakinah).Tajweed Level 1 اإلخفبء اإلخفبء linguistically: It means hiding. so that the tongue is a little bit further away from the noon articulation point and close to the articulation point of the following letter to be pronounced. Applied Definition: It means the pronunciation of a noon sakinah (stripped of any shaddah) or tanween in a state somewhere between idhaar and idgham. with a ghunnh . rather it is hidden but its characteristic the ( غٕخghunnah) of two counts long remains. concealment. One should be careful as not to make the following mistakes when trying to apply the ikhfaa rule: © GardensofArabic. The noon sakinah is hidden by leaving a small gap between the tip of the tongue and the gums of the top teeth.
This kind of ( إخفبءikhfaa ) is called ) because: ٟم١َم ء اٌح ُ َب خف ْ اإل ( al-ikhfaa al-haqeeqi to differentiate it from another type of called إخفبء (ikhfaa ) more than in يٛ( اإلخفبء اٌّشفal-ikfaa ash-shafawee). How اإلخفبءRuling Appears In The Quran The noon sakinah does not have any vowel on it and the letter after it does not have a shaddah on it. the hiding is achieved in ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اor ٌٕٓٛاٌز ( اٌٍُّ اٌغبوٕخal-meem as-saakinah). © GardensofArabic. Not to stretch the vowel that is on the letter before the noon so that a full vowel is said. [Al- As for the rest of the ikhfaa letters the ghunnah should be said with tarqeeq (thinness). the articulation point of these letters are not very far from ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اor ٌٕٓٛ اٌزlike the idhaar letters. since there is no cause for applying idhaar or idgham. When applying ikhfaa one should say the ghunnah with tafkheem (fatness) if the letter following the noon sakinah is one of the tafkheem letters ( ط ) ق ظ. For example: reading ُُٕز و as ُٔزٛو or ُِٕى ِ as ُ ٍِٕى. For example: ص ض ًب ٍ طِجَبل َاد ٚظَّب َ [Nooh: 15] Anaam: 93] َس ٍ َسْص حص ٍ ٠ِِس ث َبي َ َٓ ل ِٚ َ [Al-Haqah: 6]. Reason For Applying اإلخفبءRuling The reason اإلخفبءis applied on its 15 letters is because.Tajweed Level 1 Not to stick the tongue againt the gums of the top teeth so that a clear noon is said. The level of tafkheem of the ghunnah should be the same as the level of the tafkheem letter with the طbeing the strongest then ضthen صthen ظthen ق. As for the tanween then the double fatha. Therefore. an middle rule has been applied which is ikhfaa. neither are they very close like the idgham letters.com Page 41 .
Levels of اإلخفبءRule The ikhfaa rule has three levels of strength dependoing on the how close or far the ikhfaa letter is from the noon sakinah and tanween. and the letter after the tanween does not have shaddah on it. the stronger the ikhfaa is): Level 1 – Strongest When the letters د ّد طfollow the noon sakinah Level 2 – Middle When the letters ض ج غ ص ذ س ض ظ فfollow the noon sakinah Level 3 – Weakest When the letters the noon sakinah ش ن ق follow © GardensofArabic. This is also how incomplete idgham appears in the Quran.com Page 42 . The closer the ikhfaa letters are from the noon sakinah and tanween the stronger it is hidden (i.Tajweed Level 1 kesrah and dhammah are not aligned over each other and are not directly over the letter.e.
اٌغٕخ or ٍُ اٌزفخare ( ) 3) بسٙف اإلظٚ دشare six and are called ف اٌذٍمٍخٚ اٌذشbecause they are pronounced from the back of the mouth.com Page 43 . 6) There is one way of obtaining the science of tajweed through narration.( 8) There are more than three pillars of recitation.Tajweed Level 1 Exercise 3 Put ( √ ) or ( X ) in front of the following sentences. ( 7) The letters of ًبس اٌذٍمٙ اإلظare بءٌٙاٚ ّضحٌٙ اthen اٌخبءٚ ٍٓ اٌؼthen ) ( ) ًٍ اٌٍذٓ اٌجin tajweed is not pronouncing the letter َ اٌالin the ٍٓاٌغ ) ( ) اٌذبءٚ depending on the distance they are from ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ ا. if the recitor falls short of one of these pillars then their recitation will be considered odd by the scholars. noon that does ( ) ( ) 10) ٌٕٓٛ اٌزis dropped لفبٚ and it is changed to an صال اٌفٚ . 5) One example of moon letters.( ) © GardensofArabic. 11) بسٙ اإلظrule is applied on ف اٌذٍمٍخٚ اٌذشbecause of the close distance between the articulation point of the letters and ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ ا. correcting those sentences that are wrong: 1) The ruling on learning tajweed is (fardh kifayah) obligatory upon Muslims as a whole like learning the other sciences the Muslims need ( ) 2) One example of ًٍ اٌٍذٓ اٌجin tajweed is that the length of said shorter than their exact length. 9) ْ اٌغبوٕخٌٕٛ اappears at the end of nouns only and it is not have any vowel on it. ( ) 4) Some of the scholars of tajweed consider ًٍ اٌزشرas an independent level of recitation and they put it before the اٌزذمٍكlevel.
Tajweed Level 1 Exercise 4 1) Put ( √ ) or ( X ) in front of the following sentences.com Page 44 . verbs and prepositions whereas tanween only occurs in nouns ( ) 2) Which of rule is applied on the noon sakinah and tanween if one of the following letters appears after the noon sakinah and tanween: ف ق ن ر ْ ٖ ص ض ة 3) What is the difference between: c) Noon sakinah and tanween d) Complete idgham and incomplete idgham e) Ikhfaa and idgham 4) Fill in the blank spaces with appropriate words: © GardensofArabic. ikhfaa. idgham and iqlab are only applied in one word ( ) j) Noon sakinah occurs in nouns. correcting those sentences that are wrong: a) Idhaar is only applied in between two words b) Idgham can be with ghunnah and without ghunnah c) Al-Qalb and ikhfaa are only applied in between two words ( ( ( ) ) ) d) Idhaar is to pronounce each letter clearly from its articulation point with ghunnah ( ) e) Idgham with ghunnah is applied in one word but idgham without ghunnah is only applied in between two words ( f) Al-Qalb is changing noon saakinah or tanween into a meem with ghunnah when proceeded by baa saakinah ( ) ) g) Noon sakinah is a letter that does not have a vowel on it and it is read when continuing the reading and when stopping at the word ( ) h) Tanween is a noon sakinah that is read when continuing the reading and when stopping at the word ( ) i) Idhaar.
_____ b) Idgham means ______________________________. _____. c) Depending on the distance between idhaar and its _______ it has three __________. 5) Define the following terms with examples: c) Al-qalb d) Al-Idhaar e) As-sakt 6) Explain why: a) idgham is complete with the letters ( ًِٔش ) but incomplete with the letters ( يٚ ) ? b) the Noon sakinah and tanween is pronounced clearly when followed by one of al-halqee letters ? c) the Noon sakinah and tanween read as meem when followed by the letter ( ) ة d) must the Noon sakinah and tanween be pronounced clearly in the following words ( ٍُْٔب ٓ اٌذ ٌ ٍُْٕ ث ْإْٛص ٌ ِ ْ ٌ إْٛل ِ ) © GardensofArabic. _______ for ________ and ________. they are __________ for ________ and ________.com Page 45 . ______. ______. _______ for ________ and ________ .Tajweed Level 1 a) Noon sakinah and tanween must be pronounced clearly without ghunnah if one of the following letters appears after them: ______ . _____. d) _________ and _______are the exceptions of idgham. For example __________ .
in the middle and at the end of the word.com Page 46 .Tajweed Level 1 Rules of Meem Sakinah Meem sakinah is a meem that does not have any of the three vowels ( ) دشوخon it. It also occurs in prepositions and particles ( ) اٌذشف.A meem sakinah occurs in nouns and verbs. That means it does not have ( فزذخfetha ) nor ظّخ (dhamah ) nor ( وغشحKesrah). Exmples: ُ َّْد اٌْح ُِْ ٙ١َ ٍع َ There are three tajweed rules that apply to meem sakinah : Al-Ikhfaa Ash-Shafawee Its letter is: ة Meem Sakinah rules Al-Idgham Ash-Shafawee Its letter is: َ ِ َ ُ َ َ Its letters are the rest of the Arabic alphabet Al-Idhahaar Ash-Shafawee © GardensofArabic.
For example: َبزَح ٍ ِج ثح ِ ُِ ٙ١ِ ِس َْ ر [Surah A-feel : 4 ] ِس ٍ َ٘ب ثظ ِ َأ َ [Surah Ar-Rad : 33 ] ّٗ ِ ٌٍثب ِ ُِ َص َعْز ٠ َٓ ِٚ َ [Surah Ael-E-Imran : 101 ] © GardensofArabic.e.com Page 47 . The ikhfaa shafawee rule is only applied between two words (i. with a ghunnah of two counts long.Tajweed Level 1 Al-Ikhfaa Ash-Shafawee Al-Ikhfaa Ash-Shafawee is when the letter ) ( ةimmediately follows meem sakinah in between two words. as quoted by Imam Al-Jazeree. Reason For Applying The Ikhfaa Shafawee Rule The ikhfaa shafawee rule is applied on its letter because the letter ( َ ) and the letter ( ) ةshare the same articulation point as well as having many characteristics in common. Thus idgham and idhar would be too difficult to apply. Also it is called ikhfaa shafawee because the articulation point of the letter ( َ ) is the lips (shefetaan). Al-Ikhfaa Ash-Shafawee Letters The ikhfaa shafawee rule has only one letter: ) ( ة. This ghunnah is a characteristic of the meem. one word ends with meem sakinah and the immediate word after it begins with the letter ) ) ( ة. There is no difference between the iqlab rule and the ikhfaa shafawee rule when practiced verbally. It does not matter whether this sukoon that is on the meem is part of the make up of the word (sukoon asliyah ) or not (aridha li sukoon ) AND this meem does not have a shaddah on it. How To Apply The Ikhfaa Shafawee Rule On Its Letter When the letter ) ( ةimmediately follows meem sakinah in between two words hide this meem by not pressing on its articulation point (the lips). The ikhfaa shafawee appears in the Quran as a meem without a sukoon and the letter after it does not have shaddah on it.
Al-Idgham Ash-Shafawee Letters Its letter is: َ ِ ُ َ َ َ a meem mutaharika i.e. with a ghunnah of two counts long. Sagheeran – a meem sakinah occurs before a meem mutaharika. With ghunnah – because the ghunnah is coming from the second letter. thus this is a complete idgham. It is Idgham – the meem sakinah has been inserted into the meem mutaharika.com . Mithlain – the two letters that have merged together are the same – they have the same articulation point and the same characteristics. Al-Idgham ash-shafawee appears in the Quran as a meem without a sukoon and the second meem has a shaddah on it. For example: ُُْ َجْز َع ِب و َ ُُ َى ٌٚ َ [Surah Al-Baqarah : 141 ] [Surah Al-Baqarah : 249] ّٗ ِ ٌٍْ ا ِ ْثإِذ ِح ً َس١ِ َث خو ًئ َِ ذف ْ ج ََ ٍغ َ خ ٍَ ٍ١ِ ٍل َخ ٍَ ِئ ِٓ ف ِ ُو َ called such because: Al-Idgham ash-shafawee is also known as idgham mithlain sagheeran. fetha. a meem that has one of the three vowels on it. For example: ّٓ ِ ُُ ِ ُٕز و َب ِ ُُ َٙ ٌ Page 48 © GardensofArabic. As for being called idgham shafawee with ghunnah: Shafawee – because the articulation point of the letter meem is the lips and to differentiate it from the idgham that is applied on the noon sakinah. dhamah or kesrah.Tajweed Level 1 Al-Idgham Ash-Shafawee Al-Idgham Ash-Shafawee is when a meem sakinah is immedeiately followed by a meem mutaharika. How To Apply Al-Idgham Ash-Shafawee Rule On Its Letter When a meem sakinah is immedeiately followed by a meem mutaharika merge the two meems and pronounce them as one meem.
Is is called al-idhaar ash-shafawee because: © GardensofArabic. Al-Idhaar ash-shafawee is applied in one word such as: ُ َّْد اٌْح Or in between two words such as: [Surah Al-Fatiha : 1 ] س١غ ِ َ ُِْ ٙ١َ ٍع َ ذ َ َّْ أَٔع [Surah Al-Fatiha : 7 ] Reason For Applying Al-Idhaar Ash-Shafawee Rule The idhar ash-shafawee rule is applied on its 26 letters is because of far distance between the letter ( َ ) articulation point and the articulation point of most of its 26 letters. the meem should be clearly pronounced from its correct articulation point without ghunna. or sakt. Therefore its letters are 26 letters.Tajweed Level 1 Al-Idhaar Ash-Shafawee Al-Idhaar Ash-Shafawee is pronouncing a meem sakinah clearly from its correct articulation point without a ghunnah. or shaddah. How To Apply Al-Idharr Ash-Shafawee Rule On Its Letters When a meem sakinah is immediately followed by one of the 26 idhaar ashshafawee letters. and nor stopping at the word when immediately followed by one of the idhaar letters.com Page 49 . Also because of the differences between their characteristics. Al-Idharr Ash-Shafawee Letters Its letters are the rest of the Arabic alphabet other than the letters ( ة ) and ( َ ) .
Tajweed Level 1 Al-idhaar – because the letter meem is pronounced clearly without a ghunna. so shafawee means orally or it is coming from the shiffah (lips). Al-Idhaar ash-shafawee appears in the Quran as a meem with a sukoon affirmed on it. Ash-Shafawee – because the articulation point of the meem is the lips.com Page 50 . The word shiffah means the lips. For example: ِ ٠َِ ّد ٓ ِٟ ٌَ ٚ ُُْ ُى ٕ٠ِ ُُْ ّد َى ٌ ُْٛ َ ٍَِف ُخْز ِ ِٗ١ف ِ ُُْ ٘ ٌِٞر َا [Surah Al-Kafiroon : 6 ] [Surah An-Naba : 3 ] © GardensofArabic. This is because one is more inclined to apply the ikhfaa rule when either of the letters ( ) فor ( ٚ ) follows the meem due to the closeness of their articulation points. For example: َب َ٘ب ُح َضٚ ِ َّْط َاٌّش ٚ عرَاة ٌ َ ُُْ َٙ١ِأْر٠ َ [Surah Ash-shams : 1 ] [Surah Nooh : 1 ] NOTE: Extra care needs to be taken when applying the idhaar ash-shafawee rule on the letter meem followed by either of the letters ( ) فor ( ٚ ) . The meem sakinah needs to be pronounced clearly by ensuring the lips are completely closed before pronouncing the next letter and not applying the ikhfaa rule.
correcting those sentences that are wrong: k) Al-ikhfaa ash-shafawee is only applied in between two words ( ) ) l) Al-Idgham ash-shafawee is merging a meem sakinah with a meem mutaharika and pronouncing them as one meem without ghunnah ( m) Al-Qalb and al-ikhfaa ash-shafawee are applied in the same way practically ( ) n) Al-Idhaar ash-shafawee is to pronounce each letter clearly from its articulation point without ghunnah when a noon sakinah is followed by the letter ( ة ) ( ) o) Idgham mithalin sagheeran is another term to mean al-ikhfaa ashshafawee ( ) p) Al-Ikhfaa ash-shafawee is changing noon saakinah into a meem with ghunnah when proceeded by baa saakinah ( ) q) Meem sakinah is the letter meem with sukoon on it.com Page 51 . © GardensofArabic. dhamma or kesrah( ) r) The meem should be read with a ghunnah of two or four counts long when stopping at a word that ends with a meem ( ) 2) What is the difference between: f) Al-Igham ash-shafawee and idgham mithalin sagheeran g) Ikhfaa and ikhfaa ash-shafawee 3) Fill in the blank spaces with appropriate words: a) Al-ikhfa ash-shafawee is when a ______ ________ is proceeded by ________ in ____________________________.Tajweed Level 1 Exercise 5 1) Put ( √ ) or ( X ) in front of the following sentences. whereas meem mutaharika is a meem that has on it a fetha. The meem is then hidden by not _____ __ _____ _______ and read with a _________.
f) Extra care needs to be taken when applying al-idhaar ash-shafawee ) and ( ٚ ). c) Al-idhaar ash-shafawee is applied on ____ letters excluding _____ and ____ which are the letters of ________ _________ and __________ _________ consecutively. whereas a meem sakinah does not have any of the three vowels on it.Tajweed Level 1 b) A meem mutahariak is a meem that has a ______.com Page 52 . 4) Give an example of f) Al-Idhaar ash-shafawee g) Al-ikhfaa ash-shafawee h) Al-idghaam ash-shafawee 5) Explain why: e) Al-ikhfaa ash-shafawee is applied with the letter ( ) ةand not with any other letter. _______ or ______ on it. with the letters ( 6) How do the following appear in the Quraan: a) Al-Idhaar ash-shafawee b) Al-Ikhfaa ash-shafawee c) Al-Idghaam ash-shafawee ف © GardensofArabic. g) Al-Idgham ash-shafawee is called as such.
ْإِْٛ ص ٍُْٕٓ ث ٍُْٔب اٌذ x) Al-ikhfaa ash-shafawee is applied in between two letters ) ( ةand ) ْ( ( ) y) Pronouncing a noon sakinah clearly from its articulation point without ghunnah is idhaar ash-shfawee ( ) 2) Fill in the blank spaces with appropriate words: a) ِّٓ ساق is an exemption of idgham and it is called _____________ . ___. d) The ghunnah is a characteristic of the letters ___ and ___ and it is always ____ counts long. ___ . ending the last surah .Tajweed Level 1 Mock Exam 1) Put ( √ ) or ( X ) in front of the following sentences. stopping then saying al-basmalah in one breath ( ) t) Idgham can be with ghunnah such as such as ًُ ِ ِى ٌٌ ًْ٠َ ٚ and without ghunnah ( ) ) ُس ُ َصْذ ٌٍ ِز َئ َِْٛ ٌ u) Noon sakinah and tanween is a noon that does not have any vowel on it( v) If the reader had to stop reading the Quran due to a necessity such as coughing or sneezing then they should not repeat saying al-istiatha ( ) w) are exempt from idgham so that the intended meaning would not be confused ( ) . verbs and prepositions while _________ is present only in nouns. the weakest being at the letters ____ . b) Al-Ikhfaa has three levels depending on the distance between the letters involved and its strongest at the letters ___ . c) ____ is present in nouns. correcting those sentences that are wrong: s) When reading al-basmalah in between two surahs has two ways : stopping at the last surah then saying al-basmalah then stopping then starting the next surah . .com Page 53 . ____. © GardensofArabic.
com Page 54 . b) Complete idgham has a ghunnah in ٓ١ِ ٍ َٙ ٍِ َبء ِ ِٓ ِ ُُ ُمى ٍخ َْ ٔ َُْ ٌأ َ c) Al-Istiatha should not be said when beginning to read a verse that begins with Allah‟s name. 4) Mention two differences between: a) Al-ikhfaa ash-shafawee and ikhfaa b) Complete idgham and incomplete idgham c) Al-Idhaar al-mutlaq and al-idhaar © GardensofArabic.Tajweed Level 1 e) _______ and _______ are exceptions of idgham such as __________ and _________ consecutively. one of His attributes or a preposition referring to Him. 3) Give the reason as to why: a) Extra care needs to be taken when applying the idhaar ash-shafawee rule on the letter meem followed by either of the letters ( ) فor ( ٚ ).
Tajweed Level 1 6) Extract two of the following rules from the following verses: a) Incomplete idgham with ghunnah b) Complete idgham with ghunnah c) Complete idgham without ghunnah d) Ikhfaa sha-fawee e) Idgham shafawee Mock Exam Answer © GardensofArabic.com Page 55 .
there are three ways of saying al-basmalah in between two surahs. ee) Wrong ) ( ةand ) َ( ff) Wrong. and . tanween. two counts long. cc) Correct.com Page 56 . f) See NOTE ONE: of al-istiatha note © GardensofArabic. pronouncing a meem sakinah clearly from its articulation point without ghunnah is idhaar ash-shfawee) 2) a) Idhaar al-mutlaq. aa) Wrong the examples should be the other way round (with ghunnah such as ُس ُ َصْذ ٌٍ ِز َئ َِْٛ ٌ and without ghunnah such as ًُ ِ ِى ٌٌ ًْ٠َ ٚ bb)Correct. e) Because the ghunnah is coming from the second letter into which the merging is taking place. As-sakt and al-idhaar al-mutlaq .Tajweed Level 1 1) z) Wrong. f) g) h) i) د ّد ط ْ َ and ن ق Noon sakinah. dd)Correct. َاق ٍ َْٓ ط س َِ ًٍِ َل ٚ and ب١ُْٔ اٌد (and there are other examples too) 3) d) See the NOTE: in al-idghaar ash-shafawee notes.
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