Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 15.0 February 2009
© 2009 Tekla Corporation

© 2009 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FLEXnet Copyright © 2006 Acresso Software Inc. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Acresso Software Inc. Of Chicago, Illinois, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Acresso Software Inc. is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Acresso Software Inc. in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Acresso Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Contents
Preface .............................................................................................................17
Audience ........................................................................................................................................................... 17 Additional help resources .................................................................................................................................. 17 Conventions used in this guide ......................................................................................................................... 18 Related guides .................................................................................................................................................. 19

1

Basics of Tekla Structures ..................................................................... 21
1.1 About Tekla Structures ......................................................................................................................... 21 Main features ................................................................................................................................... Configurations.................................................................................................................................. Roles ................................................................................................................................................ Languages ....................................................................................................................................... Environments ................................................................................................................................... Single-user mode vs multi-user mode.............................................................................................. 1.2 Starting Tekla Structures.................................................................................................................. Exiting Tekla Structures ................................................................................................................... Changing the language of the user interface ................................................................................... Tekla Structures editors ................................................................................................................... Toolbars ........................................................................................................................................... Moving a toolbar ........................................................................................................................ Mini Toolbar ..................................................................................................................................... Customizing Mini Toolbar .......................................................................................................... Dialog boxes .................................................................................................................................... Dialog box elements .................................................................................................................. Common buttons ....................................................................................................................... Tabs .......................................................................................................................................... Save, Load, Save as ................................................................................................................. Saving dialog box properties ..................................................................................................... Loading dialog box properties ................................................................................................... Tooltips............................................................................................................................................. Status bar......................................................................................................................................... Warning messages .......................................................................................................................... 1.3 21 22 22 23 23 24 25 25 25 25 26 26 27 27 28 29 30 30 31 31 32 32 33 34

Interface overview................................................................................................................................. 24

Using commands .................................................................................................................................. 34

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15

3

Running a command ........................................................................................................................ 34 Repeating a command ..................................................................................................................... 34 Ending a command .......................................................................................................................... 35 1.4 Creating and modifying objects............................................................................................................. 35 Setting object properties................................................................................................................... Creating an object ............................................................................................................................ Modifying an object .......................................................................................................................... Deleting an object............................................................................................................................. 1.5 Switching rollover highlight on or off................................................................................................. Selection switches............................................................................................................................ Model Editor selection switches ................................................................................................. Drawing Editor selection switches ............................................................................................. Selecting single objects.................................................................................................................... Selecting multiple objects................................................................................................................. Selecting handles ............................................................................................................................. Selecting assemblies and cast units ................................................................................................ Selecting nested assemblies and components ................................................................................ Modifying the selection..................................................................................................................... Interrupting object selection ............................................................................................................. 1.6 Duplicate objects .............................................................................................................................. Copying an object............................................................................................................................. Copying an object using coordinates ......................................................................................... Copying an object linearly to a new position .............................................................................. Copying an object using drag-and-drop ..................................................................................... Copying an object to another plane ........................................................................................... Copying an object to another object .......................................................................................... Copying objects from another model ......................................................................................... Moving an object .............................................................................................................................. Moving an object using coordinates .......................................................................................... Moving an object linearly to a new position ............................................................................... Moving an object using drag-and-drop ...................................................................................... Moving an object to another plane ............................................................................................. Moving an object to another object ............................................................................................ Rotating objects................................................................................................................................ Rotating an object on the work plane ........................................................................................ Rotating an object in the z direction ........................................................................................... Mirroring an object............................................................................................................................ 1.7 35 35 36 36 37 37 38 38 38 38 39 40 40 42 42 43 43 44 45 45 45 46 46 46 47 48 48 48 49 49 49 49 50

Selecting objects................................................................................................................................... 36

Copying and moving objects................................................................................................................. 43

Snapping to positions............................................................................................................................ 50 Snap zone ........................................................................................................................................ 50 Snap depth ....................................................................................................................................... 51

4

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15

Snap switches.................................................................................................................................. Main snap switches ................................................................................................................... Other snap switches .................................................................................................................. Overriding the current snap switch ............................................................................................ Switching Xsnap on or off .......................................................................................................... Snapping in orthogonal directions.................................................................................................... Snapping to part extension lines ...................................................................................................... Creating a temporary reference point .............................................................................................. Locking a coordinate ........................................................................................................................ Snapping to a position using coordinates ........................................................................................ Tracking ..................................................................................................................................... Coordinate input options ........................................................................................................... Defining a snap grid .........................................................................................................................

51 51 52 53 53 53 54 55 55 56 56 57 58

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 59
2.1 Creating 3D models .............................................................................................................................. 59 What is a 3D model.......................................................................................................................... Creating a new model ...................................................................................................................... Updating project information ............................................................................................................ Opening a model.............................................................................................................................. Saving a model ................................................................................................................................ Saving a model with a different name or location ...................................................................... Model templates............................................................................................................................... Creating a model template ........................................................................................................ 2.2 59 60 61 62 63 63 64 64

Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 65 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 66 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 66

2.3

Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 68 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 69 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 69

2.4

Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 70 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 70 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 71 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 71

2.5 2.6

Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 71 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 72 Grid coordinates............................................................................................................................... Grid labels ........................................................................................................................................ Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. 73 73 73 74 74

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15

5

......................................................................................................8 74 74 75 75 75 77 77 79 80 81 81 81 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 Views............................................................................................................................................................................................ 86 Importing points........................... Deleting a single grid line ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 76 Construction objects................................................................................................................................................. Switching between 3D and plane view................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Refreshing views ................................Changing the grid color .. Modifying reference model properties ...... Detecting changes in a reference model.............................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 85 Point properties ...............................10 Reference models............................................... Deleting a view ....... 2................. 86 2............................ 95 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ................................................................................. Representation options in rendered views ................... Selecting a reference model........................................................... Creating a single grid line ..................................................... Modifying a view........................................................................ About naming views ........................................................ 2...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Updating reference models ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Arranging views............................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................... 87 88 88 88 89 89 89 90 91 92 92 3 6 Creating and Modifying Structures ...................... 86 Creating a point ............................................................................. Splitting a reference model into reference model objects ............. 84 Creating a construction line...... Selecting a reference model object .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane ..................................................................................7 View type.................. 84 Creating a construction plane................................................ Highlighting a reference model...... 87 Inserting a reference model......................................................................................................................................................... 85 Creating a construction circle ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 85 2.................................................................................................................................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................9 Points ................................................................................................................................................................. Opening a view......................................................................... Creating a view........... Hiding a reference model ........................................ Grid lines ......... Reference model objects ........................................................... Creating grid views ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................... Assembly hierarchy............................................................................................................................................. Creating a steel column ................................................................................................................................................. 97 Changing the profile of a part ................................................................................. Creating a sub-assembly ..................................................................................................................... 96 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 97 Parametric profiles ....................................................... Creating an orthogonal beam.......................................................................................................................................................... 113 Assembly examples ......................................................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to an assembly ...................... 101 102 102 102 103 104 105 105 106 107 108 109 110 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 114 115 115 116 116 116 3.......................................................................................3.................................................................................................................................................................................. Vertical position ..4 Assemblies ............................................................................ 100 Showing part labels in a view ........................................................................... 95 Part types................. Bending ...................... 3................................................................................. Showing part reference lines in model views .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 96 Standard profiles ......................................................................................................................3 Steel parts... End offsets ........................................ Creating an assembly ............................................... Modifying the position of a part ........................................ 99 Part labels ...... 109 Creating a steel beam .. 97 Materials........... Adding objects to assemblies..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Position depth ............................................................................................................... 101 Moving a part using handles ..............................................................................................................2 Part position................... Creating a steel polybeam ................................... Creating a twin profile ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a nested assembly .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Position on the work plane ............................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Colors.............................................................................................................................................................................................. 97 User-defined profiles ...................... 98 Changing the material of a part .................................................................................................................................... 99 User-defined attributes................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a contour plate.................................................................................... TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 7 ...............................1 Parts .............................................................. Horizontal position ............................................................................... Creating a curved beam...... 101 3....................................................................... Creating a round contour plate........................................................................................................................................................... Levels .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Rotation .................

...................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab ........................................................................................... Creating a round slab ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a concrete polybeam ........................................................................................................................ Changing or adding bolted parts ......................................................... Showing the top-in-form face ........................................................ 122 4 Detailing Structures ................................................................................................................. Using bolts to create assemblies............................................................................................................. 3............................................................................ 116 117 117 117 118 118 118 119 119 120 120 120 121 121 122 122 122 123 123 123 123 124 124 124 124 125 Concrete parts.............. Removing objects from an assembly ................................................................................................................................. Exploding a cast unit .................... Creating a bolt group............................................................................................................................................ Adding concrete objects to a cast unit................................................................................ Casting direction......................................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ...............................................................................................................................Joining assemblies ...................................................... 128 128 129 130 131 131 132 132 132 132 133 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 .............................................................................. Defining the cast unit type ......................................... Copying a cast unit....................................................... Bolt offsets..............................................................1 Bolts .......................... Highlighting objects in an assembly ......................................................................................................... Defining the casting direction of a part .................................................................... Creating a concrete column .............................................................................................. Bolt catalog.............................................................................................................................................................................. 127 4...................... Changing the assembly main part.............................................................................................................................................................................................. Bolt length ................................................................................................. Exploding an assembly ........................................................... Removing objects from a cast unit ................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete panel ................................................. 118 Cast units .................................................. 127 Bolt group shape ...................................... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ... Creating a single bolt.............................................................6 Creating a cast unit ................................................................................................................................................................ Changing the main assembly ....................................................................................... Creating a strip footing .................... Creating a concrete beam ..................................................................................................................................................... Creating new bolts by modifying existing .................................................................................................. 3................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the cast unit main part........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Bolt group position................................................ Highlighting objects in a cast unit ...................

...................................................................... Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part.......................... Fittings.................... Using welds to create assemblies...........................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape.................................................................................................... 133 Creating round holes............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Example pattern definition ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 135 Weld position.......... Surface treatment on chamfered parts................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a fitting ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Tile pattern definitions .............................................................................. Chamfering part edges .... Weld preparation....................... Creating a weld to a part.......................................................................................... Weld size prefixes ......................................................................................................................................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions .................................................................................................................... Cuts...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Welds.....................................................4................................................................................................................... Adding surface treatment to cut faces..................... Chamfering part corners .......................................................................................................................................... 136 137 138 138 139 139 140 140 140 141 142 142 142 142 143 143 144 145 145 146 146 149 149 150 150 151 152 153 153 154 154 154 155 155 156 4.................................... 134 Creating slotted holes ...................................................................... 4.......................................................................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a polygon weld................ Line cuts ...................................... 134 Creating oversized holes.................................................................................................................... Creating new tile patterns .................................................................................................. Polybeam chamfers ......................................................... 141 Modifying surface treatment properties.................................................................................................................. Creating new surface treatment options ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Holes...................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ......... 149 Chamfers.................................................................................................................... Adding surface treatment to a part face ............................. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 9 ....................................4 Surface treatment ....................... Preparing parts for welding ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Tile pattern elements .................................... Cutting parts with a line ........................ Polygon cuts ................................ Tiled surface treatment .... Creating a weld between parts............................................................................. Part cuts ................................................ 135 4............. Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses .................. Adding surface treatment to a selected area ...............................

.......................................................................................................... Rotating the model .................................................... Cambering parts.................. 173 Filtering objects using a view filter................................................................ Object property report templates ...................................................................Cutting parts with another part ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Flying through the model............................................................................................................................. 174 Creating a view filter............................................................................................................... Warping a beam using deformation angles ........................................................... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................................... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool .........................................................2 Inquiring object properties ....................... Shortening a part ....................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool ................................................................................................................................................ Combining parts ................................................................................................................................................................ 165 5................... 171 Filtering objects............................ Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ............................................................................................................. Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Combining two parts into one ............................ 5........................ Saving a screenshot in bitmap format .................................................... Zooming with Magnifier ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5.....................3 165 166 166 166 167 168 168 169 170 170 171 171 171 172 172 172 173 Inquiring the model....................................................... 156 157 157 158 158 158 159 159 159 159 160 160 161 162 162 162 163 5 Examining the Model .... Warping concrete parts ............................................. Zoom settings .................. Splitting parts......................... Creating a clip plane...................................................................... Shortening parts in drawings......................................... 174 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ...................................1 Viewing the model................ Attaching a part to another part ...... Creating a screenshot ............................................................................................................. 174 Filtering objects using a selection filter............................................................................................................................................ Moving the model .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Lengthening a part ..................................................................................................................... Splitting a plate or slab ............................................................................................................................................ Splitting a straight or curved part ............................................................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon............... 165 Zooming the model........................................................................................................ Zooming with keyboard shortcuts .................................................................................................................... Printing a screenshot ............................................................................................................................................................................ Cambering a part ........................ Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ................

........... Showing and hiding components .. Project status visualization example .................................................................. Hiding unselected parts ..............................................................................................................................................................Creating a selection filter........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Copying a filter to another model .... Showing parts with exact lines ................................................................................................................................................4 Defining which objects are displayed ....................................................... Copying visualization settings to another model ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting object representation settings ............................ Example: Defining an erection schedule .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bolts and welds in filtering.............................................................................................................................................................. Assembly types in filtering......................................... Hiding parts......................................... Copying object representation settings to another model ........................ 5......................................................................... Deleting a filter ............................................................................................................................ Example: Creating visualization settings ................................................................ Template attributes in filtering ............................................................................................................................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ........................................................ 5..................................................................................................................................................................................................... Object representation settings ......................... Filtering parts in specific phases ...................................................................................................... Object groups................................... Filtering examples ...................................................6 175 175 175 175 176 176 176 177 177 178 178 178 179 179 179 180 180 180 180 181 181 181 182 182 182 183 184 184 184 185 185 185 185 186 186 187 187 Showing and hiding objects .................. Copying an object group to another model ....................................................................................................... 190 Measuring distances ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Deleting an object group ............................................................................................. Wildcards .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Filtering out reference models .................................................................. Filtering beams and columns .............. Hiding selected parts ............................................................................................ Creating object representation settings ........................ Creating an object group .............................................................................................................. 184 Checking the model .. Possible values in filtering.............................5 Creating a visualization .......................................................................................... 190 Measuring objects ................. Showing and hiding assemblies ........................... Filtering out parts that have a certain profile ............................. 191 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 11 ............................................................................................................................................... Deleting visualization settings ......................................................... Example: Creating object groups ................................................................................................................................ 179 Visualizing project status ............................................................................................................................. Example: Creating object representation settings ................. 5.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.......3 Numbering objects ............................................................................................................................................. 205 7 Advanced Modeling ........................... 6................................................................ 195 6............................................................2 What is numbering .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 195 What affects numbering ............................................................................................................................... 204 Creating a standard part model............ Assigning family numbers .................................................................................................................................... Finding clashes in a model . 195 Identical parts ........................................................................................................................................................6 6................................................................. Family numbering example ...................................................................................................................... 191 191 192 192 193 193 194 194 194 6 Numbering the Model............................................................................................................ 196 Identical reinforcements ....................................................................... 201 Changing numbers............................................................................................................................................. 6... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts .............................................. Control numbers......................................... Example: Numbering identical beams..................................................................................................... 196 User-defined attributes in numbering ........... Numbering reinforcements .....5 6............................................................................... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality .............................................................................................. 207 Creating logical areas................................................................................................................................... Locking and unlocking control numbers ............................................................................. Assembly position numbers ............................................................................ Family numbers................................... 208 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 .......................................................... 204 Clearing numbers.................................................................... 207 7.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................8 198 198 198 198 199 199 200 200 201 201 201 202 202 203 Numbering series.........................................................................................................1 Organizing the model........................... Comparing parts or assemblies............................................................4 Assigning a numbering series to a part ............................................................................................. 204 Viewing the numbering history............................................................. Overlapping numbering series .................................................................................................................................. Changing the family number of an object ................................................................................... 197 6....... 197 Numbering assemblies and cast units...........................................................................................7 6............................... Detecting clashes ........................................................................................................................... Finding distant objects..........................................................................................................................Measuring angles ........................................................................................................................................... Saving preliminary numbers..... Reference model clash checking ............................................................................. Measuring bolt spacing ......................... Assigning control numbers to parts ................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 6.............................................................

........................................................................................................................................................ Adding a coincident constraint ........................................ 211 Custom phase properties ............................................................................................................. 212 212 213 213 213 214 214 215 215 215 216 216 216 216 217 217 217 217 218 218 218 219 219 220 220 220 221 221 221 222 222 222 13 7............ Checking the sequence of a part .............. Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ................................... Adding a horizontal constraint ......................................................................................................................................................................... Defining positioning planes of sketched cross sections ............................................................ Adding a vertical constraint ...................................................................................................3 Sequences......... 211 Creating a sequence .............................................................................................4 Lotting .........5 Sketched cross sections ............................................................................................ Sketching a circle ........................................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ..... Part positioning planes ................................................................. 7......................................................2 209 209 210 210 Phases............................... Removing parts from a lot .................................................................................. Creating sketches ...................... Connection positioning planes ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Creating object type categories......................................................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories.................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ................................... 215 Cross section sketch editor ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Deleting logical areas and object type categories......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a perpendicular constraint ....................... Adding a parallel constraint ............ TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ................................................................................ Adding dimensions to a sketch ................................................................................................................ Viewing logical areas and object type categories ..... Adding parts to a sequence ............................... Deleting a sequence .......................................... Adding parts to a lot ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Opening the cross section sketch editor .................................................................................................................................. Sketching an arc .. Sketching a polyline ............... Modifying the sequence number of a part.... 7........................................................................................................................................... Adding a fixed constraint ....... Deleting a lot .................................................................................................... Deleting a constraint from a sketch.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 214 Creating a lot........................................................................................................................................................................ Adding a radial dimension ............................................................................ Adding an angle dimension ................................................................................................................................................................ Adding constraints to a sketch ............................................. 211 Dividing the model into phases ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 211 7........................

.... Using sketched cross sections in a model ......................... 247 247 248 249 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ...... 234 Creating variables ...... Rotation settings.................................. 244 View properties........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Using variables to define cross section properties .....................................................................................................................................................................................3 Part properties....................................... Modifying chamfers in a sketch ................ Reverting to the default part positioning planes ........................................................................... 8........................... 245 Display settings ................................................................................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section ......................... 7............................................................................. Transparency settings .................................................................................... Creating a picture of a sketched cross section.......... 233 Creating dependencies .............................................................................................................................................. Testing a sketched cross section ..................................................................................................................................................................... Reverting to the default connection positioning planes ............................................................................................................1 General settings.................................................................... 244 Grid view properties ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying sketched cross sections.......................................................................................................................... Color settings ............................................................................................. Saving a sketched cross section ........................................................ Contour plate properties.......................................... Grid line properties ................................ Setting the sketch thickness .................................................................................................. 234 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures .......................................................................................... Steel beam properties .................................................................................... Importing sketched cross sections ............................................ Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ........................................................................................................................................................................................2 241 242 242 242 243 243 View settings..............................................................................................Showing and hiding part positioning planes .......................................................................................... Cross section extrusion types ............................................................................................................................. Orthogonal beam properties................................................................. 245 8........................................................................................................................................................................... Sketch Browser ...................................................... Exporting sketched cross sections ........................................................................... 235 8 Modeling Settings .......................................................................................................... 241 8......................................................................................................................................................... 241 Grid properties....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Screenshot settings...................................................................................................................................... Moving positioning planes ............................... 247 Steel column properties............................................. Showing and hiding connection positioning planes .......6 223 223 224 224 225 225 226 226 226 227 228 229 230 231 231 232 232 232 233 Parametric modeling ........................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Concrete column properties ........... 263 Activating an overlapping view....................................................... 8..................................................................Twin profile properties.................................................................................................................................................................................. 255 Numbering settings...................................................................... Weld types ...................... Concrete slab properties ................. 263 Finding RGB values for colors .......................... Creating horizontal parts ........................................................................................ Corner chamfer properties ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Part positioning tips ... 259 Weld numbering settings......................................... Concrete panel properties.................................................................................... 261 9 Modeling Tips ............................................... Pad footing properties... 260 Control number settings ...................................................... 264 9................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern......... 8................................................................................................................................. Edge chamfer properties........................................... 264 Modifying part length.......................................................................................................................................................... 264 264 265 265 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 15 .............................................................................................................. 259 General numbering settings ....................................................................................................................... Strip footing properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 263 Copying and moving efficiently .......................................................................................................................................5 250 250 251 252 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 Detail properties.............................................................................. 263 9.................................................................................................................................................................... Weld properties ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ............................................................1 General modeling tips.........................4 Bolt properties.......................................................................................................................................................................... Concrete beam properties................................

16 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 .

commands.Support. and design concrete and steel structures.FI@Tekla. and features. Topics in the Preface are: • • • • Audience (p.com Contact your local helpdesk via e-mail: Area office China Finland E-mail address TeklaStructures.com TeklaStructures. tools. 18) Related guides (p. Our online help is a detailed guide to Tekla Structures concepts. detailers and designers who model. 19) Audience This guide is aimed at structural engineers. analyze. 17) Conventions used in this guide (p.com TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 17 . with plenty of examples. We assume that you are familiar with the processes of structural engineering.Preface Tekla Structures includes complete documentation in an accessible help system. 17) Additional help resources (p. Additional help resources The following resources also provide information about Tekla Structures: Web site E-mail http://www.Support.tekla. The documentation is also available in PDF format.CHI@Tekla.

Convention Bold Usage Bold indicates the names of keyboard keys. Please send any comments or suggestions about Tekla Structures documentation to BetC_Documentation@tekla.JPN@Tekla. HTML. marked by different icons.Support. or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor.Support. and list box items are displayed in this typeface. Conventions used in this guide Typefaces We use different typefaces for different items in this guide.ME@Tekla. go to https://extranet.MY@Tekla.Support.com TeklaStructures.tekla.US@Tekla. Items such as window and dialog box titles. Register now to get free access to our online discussion forums. combo box options.com TeklaStructures. Filenames and folder paths appear in monospace. You can also access Tekla Extranet from Tekla Structures by clicking Help > Online Support > Tekla Extranet.GER@Tekla.com TeklaStructures.. Also all the text you enter yourself appears in monospaced font. Their functions are shown below: 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 . Arial bold Any text that you see in the user interface appears in Arial bold. and more.com TeklaStructures.Support. appears in monospaced font. If you are not sure what a certain typeface represents. you can check it here.UK@Tekla. In most cases the meaning is obvious from the context.IN@Tekla.Support.com TeklaStructures. please report it to your Tekla Structures Reseller using the maintenance request form provided at Help > Tekla on the Web > Maintenance request.com If you believe you have discovered a problem with this software. Bold is also used for general emphasis in text.Support. To register.Support.Support.FR@Tekla..com. Italic bold Monospace Noteboxes We use several types of noteboxes. tutorials.com TeklaStructures.com TeklaStructures. Extracts of Tekla Structures’s program code. field and button names.SWE@Tekla.com. Tekla Extranet Anyone with a current maintenance contract can use Tekla Extranet. software downloads. hints & tips.com TeklaStructures.Area office France Germany India Japan Malaysia Middle East Sweden UK US E-mail address TeklaStructures. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time.Support..

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. System Manual Covers advanced features and how to maintain the Tekla Structures environment. A tip never contains information that is absolutely necessary. Drawing Manual How to create and edit drawings. store. You should always read very important notes and warnings. Related guides Tekla Structures includes a comprehensive help system in a series of online books. This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers. or wasting your time. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes. You will also receive a printed installation guide with your Tekla Structures installation DVD.A tip might introduce a shortcut. You are never required to understand this kind of information. • • • • • • Modeling Manual How to create a physical model. connections. or suggest alternative ways of doing things. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful. Analysis Manual How to create loads and run structural analysis. like this one. and manage scheduled tasks. • TplEd User’s Guide TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 19 . Task Manager User Guide How to create. Detailing Manual How to create reinforcement. and details. This guide is available in English on the Tekla Extranet. and link the tasks to their corresponding model objects.

• • SymEd User’s Guide How to use the SymEd graphical interface to manipulate symbols.How to create and edit report and drawing templates. Installation Troubleshooting Guide Printed booklet explaining how to install Tekla Structures. 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 .

structural analysis and design. concrete. at any time. 43) Snapping to positions (p. timber. etc. It also explains how to use common commands. at the same time. Contents • • • • • • • About Tekla Structures (p. 35) Selecting objects (p. You and your partners can work together on the same model. 59) Main features Tekla Structures includes the following features: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 21 . even in different locations. 34) Creating and modifying objects (p. and automatic drawing creation. You can automatically produce drawings and reports from the 3D model. 21) Interface overview (p. 50) 1.1 About Tekla Structures Tekla Structures is a tool for structural engineers. This increases accuracy and quality. You can also create your own templates using the Template Editor. and are always up to date. because you always use the most up-to-date information. and fabricators. 36) Copying and moving objects (p. It is an integrated model-based 3D solution for managing multi-material databases (steel. Drawings and reports react to modifications in the model.).1 Basics of Tekla Structures This section provides an overview of the Tekla Structures user interface and its basic features. See also What is a 3D model (p. Tekla Structures includes a wide range of standard drawing and report templates. detailers. Tekla Structures supports multiple users working on the same project. Tekla Structures features interactive modeling. 24) Using commands (p.

and revert to the original if needed.0. and adapted to local standards and requirements. Drawing tools to create several drawings with one click. select the configuration you want to use. so that you can test solutions. you can select a role you want to use. Capability to undo and redo changes you have made. and MicroStation. and slabs. such as 3D grids and an adjustable work area. details. STAAD. columns. The user interface has been customized for each role. such as beams. but typically the following roles are available: • • • • • • All Contractor Engineer Multimaterial Detailer Precast Concrete Detailer Steel Detailer 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . Modeling tools to create complex structures. Tekla Structures is available in a wide range of languages. and parts. such as staircases and trusses. when you start Tekla Structures 15. and bolts. A custom component editor that you can use to create your own parametric connections. See also For details of what each configuration contains. to automatically connect main members. Catalogs of available material grades. Links to transfer data between Tekla Structures and other software. The list of roles may be different in each environment. Configurations Tekla Structures is available in different configurations to suit the various players in the construction industry: When you log in to Tekla Structures. such as end plates and clip angles. Useful modeling aids. Intelligent connections.• • • • • • • • • • • Easy modeling of basic structures. such as AutoCAD. Data output for CNC machines. see Tekla Structures configurations Roles In some environments. profiles.

and templates you use. reports. you can choose the languages you want to use. The environments available in Tekla Structures 15. material grades. 25) Languages When you install Tekla Structures.0 software is available in the following languages: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • See also Chinese – simplified (chs) Chinese – traditional (cht) Czech (csy) Dutch (nld) English (enu) French (fra) German (deu) Hungarian (hun) Italian (ita) Japanese (jpn) Polish (plk) Portuguese (ptg) Portuguese – Brazilian (ptb) Russian (rus) Spanish (esp) Some language-dependent file and folder names include the abbreviations listed above. 25) Environments The environment means region-specific settings and information. Changing the language of the user interface (p. you can choose the environments you want to use. When you install Tekla Structures. default values. connections. See also Starting Tekla Structures (p. The default language for the user interface is the language in which in which you installed Tekla Structures. Tekla Structures 15. variables. It defines which profiles. wizards. Multimaterial Detailer combines the roles of Precast Concrete Detailer and Steel Detailer.0 are: • • • • • • • • • • • Default environment Australasia Austria Brazil China Czech Finland France Germany Greece Hungary TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 23 .All is a combination of all roles.

See also Tekla Structures editors (p. 25) Toolbars (p. you can choose to run Tekla Structures in multi-user mode. See also Multi-user mode 1. If several users will work with a model simultaneously. In single-user mode. one machine in the network has to be set up as a server running the Tekla Structures server program. We recommend that you only run Tekla Structures in multi-user mode if the users will make use of the additional features of multi-user mode.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • India Italy Japan Korea Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Russia South Africa South America South-East Asia Spain Sweden Switzerland (French) Switzerland (German) Switzerland (Italian) Taiwan United Kingdom United States (Imperial) United States (Metric) Single-user mode vs multi-user mode Tekla Structures can be used in either single-user or multi-user mode. 32) 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . When one user at a time is to work with a model. only one user can work with each model at any time. 26) Mini Toolbar (p.2 Interface overview This section provides an overview of the Tekla Structures user interface and its basic features. To run Tekla Structures in multi-user mode. 27) Dialog boxes (p. Tekla Structures should be run in single-user mode. 28) Tooltips (p.

• Custom Component Editor TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 25 . Restart Tekla Structures for the change to take effect. The languages you can switch between are the languages you chose when you installed Tekla Structures. Click the Windows Start button.Status bar (p. To start Tekla Structures: 1.. 2. 34) Starting Tekla Structures Once you have installed Tekla Structures you are ready to start using it. Go to the Tekla Structures 15. 33) Warning messages (p. Click OK. Select the environment. See also Click Tools > Change Language. Select a language from the Language list box. Languages (p. 23) Tekla Structures editors Tekla Structures includes the following editors: • Model Editor The Model Editor is the main and starting mode of Tekla Structures. 6.. 2. and license you want to use. Wait for the login dialog box to appear. and initiate drawing and report creation using the Model Editor. 3. Tekla Structures opens the Drawing Editor when you open any drawing. do one of the following: • • Click the Close button Click File > Exit. role. 4. Exiting Tekla Structures To exit Tekla Structures. • Drawing Editor In the Drawing Editor. you work with drawings. Click All Programs. 4. 5. A confirmation dialog box appears and you can choose whether or not to save the model. 3. To change the language of the user interface: 1.0 icon. You create and analyze models. Click OK.0 menu item and click the Tekla Structures 15. in the upper-right corner of the Tekla Structures window. Changing the language of the user interface You can change the language of the Tekla Structures user interface at any time.

and parts. copying and moving objects.. and templates. To show or hide a toolbar. you can create your own connections. For example. creating reports. details. To open the Custom Component Editor. • Template Editor Use the Template Editor (TplEd) to create and modify templates used in drawings and reports. To move a toolbar. click Tools > Symbols. Visible toolbars have a check mark beside their name. in the Model or Drawing Editor. you can create and modify symbols used in drawings. You can build in dependencies between objects to make custom components parametric and have them adapt to changes in the model.e. i. To open the Template Editor. • Symbol Editor In the Symbol Editor (SymEd). reports. the General toolbar contains basic commands for creating.. See also Creating a user-defined toolbar Moving a toolbar Toolbars can either be floating or docked. and define their properties..In the Custom Component Editor. located at the edge of the program window. click Tools > Templates. Toolbars The toolbars contain buttons that give easy access to some of the most frequently-used commands. do any of the following: 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . select a component and click Detailing > Edit custom component. creating views. To open the Symbol Editor. opening and saving a model.. printing. click Tools > Toolbars and click the toolbar name. and so on. in the Model or Drawing Editor.

2. Include macros and user-defined attributes in the Mini Toolbar. The Mini Toolbar contains commands for modifying the most common object properties.To Move a toolbar Do this Click the handle on the left or upper edge of a docked toolbar (or the title bar of a floating toolbar). 27) Changing user-defined fields TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 27 . The added macros and user-defined attributes are shown in the list of visible elements. To show or hide the Mini Toolbar. Click to open the Customize Mini Toolbar dialog box. Drag a toolbar beyond the program window Resize a floating toolbar See also Toolbars (p. See also Click OK. The toolbar remains floating. To customize the Mini Toolbar: 1. 5. Mini Toolbar (p. Hold down the Ctrl key while dragging the toolbar. a Select a macro or user-defined attribute in the list of macros and user-defined attributes. and by adding macros and user-defined attributes to the toolbar. 27) Customizing Mini Toolbar You can customize the Mini Toolbar by selecting which commands are visible. The Preview field shows what the toolbar will look like. and then drag the edge of the toolbar. See also Customizing Mini Toolbar (p. and drag the toolbar to a new location. 3. unselect them in the list of visible elements. c To remove macros and user-defined attributes from the Mini Toolbar. You can customize the toolbar by hiding commands. b Click Add to Mini Toolbar after each selected macro and user-defined attribute. 26) Mini Toolbar The Mini Toolbar appears next to the mouse pointer when you select an object in a model. Hold the mouse pointer over an edge of the toolbar until the pointer changes into a double-ended arrow. Select an object and move the mouse pointer on the Mini Toolbar. Select the elements you wish to show or hide. click Tools > Options > Mini Toolbar. and adding macros and user-defined attributes. 4.

.. The following image illustrates the most common elements in dialog boxes: List box for saved properties Tabs Modify filter check boxes Retains the properties and closes the dialog box Retains the properties without closing the dialog box 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . If you click any command or a button that has three dots in its name.Dialog boxes You can use dialog boxes to modify object properties. Tekla Structures displays the appropriate dialog box.. for example Select.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 29 . To select an option. To select an option. click the appropriate button. An I-shaped blinking cursor appears at the beginning of the field and marks your typing position. drag the pointer to highlight the desired option. A collection of options in a list. and then single-click.Modifies the selected objects without retaining the properties Fills the dialog box with the properties of the selected object Toggles all the modify filter check boxes on and off Closes the dialog box without retaining the properties or modifying the objects Buttons Fields Dialog box elements Dialog boxes may have the following elements: Element Button Field Example Description Click the button to run a command immediately. Tekla Structures changes only the corresponding value of the selected objects. click. Radio button List box Check box Modify filter check box The check boxes located in front of the dialog box fields indicate the properties that are modified when you click the Modify button. Related settings that allow only one selection at a time. enter. and modify information. Click the field to activate it. point to the list you want to display. Settings that can be set in any combination are usually displayed as small square buttons. Use to display. When a check box is selected.

See also Dialog box elements (p. Toggles all the modify filter check boxes in the dialog box on and off. The common buttons are: Button Description Retains the properties in the dialog box without closing the dialog box. Tekla Structures takes the properties at random from one of the selected objects. Moving from tab to tab does not affect the information they contain. Modifies the selected objects using the properties in the dialog box.Element Filter Example Description Use to filter object names. When you select several objects. Enter characters from the name of the object you are looking for. 29) Tabs Information in some Tekla Structures dialog boxes has been divided up on several tabs. it is highlighted. Closes the dialog box without retaining the properties in the dialog box or modifying objects. and press Enter. Displays the help topics for the dialog box. A list of options. This makes the dialog boxes easier to use. Common buttons Most of the Tekla Structures dialog boxes contain common buttons. Tekla Structures uses these properties the next time you create an object of this type. The list can have both horizontal and vertical scrollbars for scrolling the visible portion of the list items. When you select a list item. There are two ways to select an item on the list: Multiple selection list • • Point to the item you want to select and click. but does not retain the properties in the dialog box. These buttons mean the same thing in all dialog boxes. Tekla Structures uses these properties the next time you create an object of this type. Fills the dialog box with the properties of the selected object. Creates a new object using the properties in the dialog box. Retains the properties in the dialog box and closes the dialog box. 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . Use the Down and Up arrow keys to move the highlight to the item you want to select. and then click the Filter button to find the matching names.

Load. Load Loads all previously stored properties to the dialog box. 3. and Save as buttons. 2. Click Save as. enter the properties you want to save. Press Ctrl+Tab to switch between tabs. Tekla Structures also loads the properties of subdialog boxes. see File extensions. In the dialog box. Save See also Saving dialog box properties (p. Load. Tekla Structures saves all information on all tabs to the designated file. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 31 . and reload it later from the file. For example. The file extensions are different for different dialog boxes. 30) Save. 32) Saving dialog box properties To save the properties of a dialog box: 1. when you click Save before closing the dialog box. See also Common buttons (p. Tekla Structures stores the properties files in the model folder. In the field next to the Save as button. You can use these buttons to save the information from the dialog box to a file. This is important if you add or delete files manually. The Save as button also updates the Load list box. enter a name for the set of properties.The common buttons located at the top and bottom of a dialog box affect all the tabs in the dialog box. 31) Loading dialog box properties (p. even if they are not open. Tekla Structures saves the properties in the file shown in the list box. Button Save as Description Stores the dialog box properties with the name given in the field. Stores the modifications of properties. Save as Many Tekla Structures dialog boxes have the Save. For more information. The files also include the properties in subdialog boxes. You can select the name of the file you want to use from the list box.

They also give examples. Menu tooltips Menu tooltips provide the same functionality as the enhanced tooltips.To overwrite an existing set of properties. Save as (p. select the set of properties you want to load. 31) Save. See also Loading dialog box properties (p. 32) Save. If the enhanced tooltips are switched on. Tekla Structures saves the properties in the file shown in the list box. click Save. click Tools > Options > Enhanced Tooltips. Enhanced tooltips Enhanced tooltips give more information about the command and how it can be executed. The enhanced tooltips are switched on by default. button. Click Load. The menu tooltips are displayed in a separate window. Load. 2.. To display the corresponding menu tooltip. Save as (p. You can also open the related online help topic by clicking the More. Saving dialog box properties (p. 31) Tooltips When you move the mouse pointer over an icon. See also In the list box next to the Load button. Load. hints and tips. To show or hide the enhanced tooltips. the basic tooltips are not displayed. a tooltip appears.. move the mouse pointer over a menu command. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . 31) Loading dialog box properties To load a previously stored set of properties to the dialog box: 1. On the basis of the information in the enhanced tooltip you are able to decide whether the command is the one that you need for your current task. but for menu commands. which you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. Tekla Structures contains three types of tooltips: Basic tooltips Basic tooltips only display the name of the command.

Follow the instructions on the status bar when you use commands. The status bar also displays the following information: • • • • • • The status of Xsnap (T). always check the status bar as Tekla Structures will prompt you on how to continue. when you are creating a beam. and Drag and drop (D) The level in assembly or component hierarchy (0–9) The middle mouse button mode (Pan or Scroll) The current phase The number of selected objects and handles Error messages To view the status bar message history. SmartSelect (S).To show or hide the menu tooltips window. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 33 . Status bar Tekla Structures displays instructions and messages on the status bar located at the bottom of the Tekla Structures window. click Tools > Options > Menu Tooltips. For example. A message panel appears at the bottom of the Tekla Structures window. click Tools > Toolbars > Message Panel.

To get more information about a command and how it can be executed. 1. and Tekla Structures displays the warning message again. The command runs until you end it or use another command. the commands on the pop-up menu relate to that object. use the enhanced tooltips and menu tooltips. click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. you can use the Zoom commands while creating objects.3 Using commands This section explains how to run. and end commands. click • to create bolts. To prevent Tekla Structures from displaying the warning messages again. repeat. See also Repeating a command (p. • Click the right mouse button to open a pop-up menu. For example. for example when you are about to copy or move objects outside the work area. do one of the following: • • 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures Click Edit > Repeat Last Command. When you select an object. Press Enter. 34) Ending a command (p. for example when you are copying or moving objects outside the work area. and follow the instructions on the status bar. and then select a command. This means that you can use these commands while another command is still running. do one of the following: • Click the toolbar button of the command you want to run. select the Do not show this message again check box. 35) Repeating a command To repeat the last command. press Shift when the warning message should appear. Running a command To run a command in Tekla Structures. Click a menu title and then select the command. To re-display the warning messages. For example.Warning messages Tekla Structures displays warning messages when necessary. For example. You can use some Tekla Structures commands simultaneously. .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 35 . 3. After some practice. Open the object properties dialog box. Click a toolbar button or a menu command.4 Creating and modifying objects This section explains how to create and modify objects in Tekla Structures. Setting object properties To set the properties of an object: 1.See also Running a command (p. As you become familiar with Tekla Structures. Press Esc. See also Modify the properties. Pick points to place the object in the model. 2. or hold down Shift and select a menu command. Click Apply or OK. 34) 1. Later in this manual. Running a command (p. This section introduces most of the ways. 27) Creating an object To create an object: 1. Optional: Modify the object properties. double-click Shift and click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam. 34) Ending a command To cancel or end a command. you will find that there are several ways to create and modify objects. If you do not modify the properties. double-click the object or use the Mini Toolbar. to display the beam properties. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. . double-click a toolbar button. 3. To display the current properties of the object type. • • To display the properties of an existing object. Part properties (p. do one of the following: • • • See also Click Edit > Interrupt. Tekla Structures creates the object using the current properties of the object type. or hold down 2. 247) Mini Toolbar (p. we refer to this section or present only the ways most useful for a first-time user. For example. you may choose a different way.

Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.To create several objects with the same properties. pick multiple points. 4. For example: Also dimensions and dimension lines are displayed when you select a column or a beam. Select the object you want to delete. 35) Modifying an object To modify an object: 1.5 Selecting objects You need to select objects to carry out many Tekla Structures commands. Do one of the following: • • • Click Edit > Delete. See also Click Modify. The command runs until you end it or use another command. 2. 35) Deleting an object To delete an object: 1. When you create a new model object and pick the starting point for it. 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . 3. Use the modify filter check boxes to indicate which properties should be changed. The displayed dimensions make it easier to create objects of desired lenght. You can select objects as a sequence of single selections and/or area selections. Modify the properties. Tekla Structures highlights the selected objects. Open the object properties dialog box. double-click a part to display the current properties of the object type. The number of selected objects and handles is displayed in the bottom right corner of the status bar. Tekla Structures displays the dimensions and dimension lines for the object. 1.. For example. Setting object properties (p. Press Delete. See also Setting object properties (p. Select the objects you want to modify. 2.

For example. even if you select the entire model area.. Tekla Structures highlights the objects in yellow. do one of the following: • • Press H. Tekla Structures only selects welds. Use the selection switches to define which object types can be selected. Click Tools > Options > Rollover Highlight. if only the Select welds switch is active.To show or hide the dimensions. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 37 . so that you can easily see which objects you can select. and set the variable XS_DISPLAY_DIMENSIONS_WHEN_SELECTING_OBJECTS to TRUE or FALSE. click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Switching rollover highlight on or off When you move the mouse pointer over objects in rendered model views. To switch rollover highlight on or off.. > Model View. Selection switches The selection switches are special commands that control the selection of objects.

To select an object and open its pop-up menu. For more information on how to use each switch. The selection switches in the Drawing Editor work in the same way as the ones in the Model Editor. The following selection switches are available in the Drawing Editor: For more information on how to use each switch. You can select objects with the right mouse button only if you have switched on the following options on the Tools > Options menu: • • Select on Right-Click Rollover Highlight Selecting multiple objects To select multiple objects (area selection). Model Editor selection switches The main selection switches control whether you can select objects in a component or assembly hierarchy. For example. do one of the following: • Hold down the mouse button and drag the mouse from left to right to select the objects that are completely within that rectangular area.Selection filter settings also affect which objects you can select. Selecting single objects To select a single object. The other selection switches control which object types can be selected. click it with the left mouse button. but the actual switches differ. 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . Drawing Editor selection switches The selection switches control which object types can be selected. you might decide to select only bolts. see the corresponding enhanced tooltip. do one of the following: • • To select an object. see the corresponding enhanced tooltip. click the object with the right mouse button. These switches have the highest priority.

• Hold down the mouse button and drag the mouse from right to left to select the objects that are completely or partly within that rectangular area. When the option is off. regardless of the dragging direction. By default. as described above. To define how area selection works. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 39 . Hold down the Alt key and drag the mouse from left to right to select the part again. click Tools > Options > Crossing Selection. Selecting handles To select only the handles of a part: 1. 2. all objects that fall at least partially inside the rectangular area are selected. the dragging direction affects the selection of objects. When the option is on. the option is off. Drag the mouse from left to right to select the part.

The status bar shows the steps you take in the hierarchy. Tekla Structures selects the entire cast unit or assembly that contains the part. Scroll with the mouse wheel. To select and examine nested assemblies or components: 1. 101) Selecting assemblies and cast units To select an assembly or cast unit: 1. 2. An orange box indicates the assembly or component that you can select. Select a part. 2. 122) Selecting nested assemblies and components The active select switch defines on which level you start and toward which direction you move in the component or assembly hierarchy. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures .See also Part position (p. Assemblies (p. 113) Cast units (p. Hold down the Shift key. See also Hold down the Alt key.

move to their sub-assemblies. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 41 . and so on. and finally select single parts. you can select objects in the assembly hierarchy.Example If the Select assemblies switch is active. bolts. starting from the assemblies on the highest level.

See also Click OK. if you are working on a large model and you accidentally select all or part of the model. Optional: Define the time after which Tekla Structures asks if you want to interrupt object selection. Select all or part of the model. For example. b Modify the variable XS_OBJECT_SELECTION_CONFIRMATION. do any of the following: To Add objects to the current selection Toggle the selection of an object on or off Do this Press the Shift key and select the objects. 3. When Tekla Structures asks if you want to interrupt object selection. you start selecting from single objects and move to bigger and bigger nested assemblies. You can have Tekla Structures interrupt the object selection process if the selection takes over a defined period of time. click Cancel. Tekla Structures deselects the objects that were already selected and selects those that were previously not selected. XS_OBJECT_SELECTION_CONFIRMATION 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures .. To interrupt object selection: 1. Press the Ctrl key during the selection. 114) Modifying the selection To modify the current selection.If the Select objects in assemblies switch is active. Interrupting object selection This section is for advanced users. See also Assembly hierarchy (p. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. c 2. > Modeling Properties. The default value is 5000 milliseconds.. you can interrupt the selection if it takes over 5000 milliseconds (5 seconds) to complete.

Duplicate objects When you copy or move objects. If duplicates are found.6 Copying and moving objects You can copy and move objects linearly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 43 . command does not fully mirror objects if they include connections that contain. Limitations Tekla Structures does not check for duplicates when you copy objects using a modeling tool. 2. If you copy or move objects from an assembly or cast unit. with rotation. Two objects are considered duplicates if they have the same orientation and the same size of bounding box. Circular parts must have the same cross section dimensions. Moving relocates the existing object. Tekla Structures copies the assembly structure as well. such as the Array of Objects (29) component. Select the object you want to copy. The Copy Special > Mirror.. Use the variable XS_DUPLICATE_CHECK_LIMIT_FOR_COPY_AND_MOVE to define the maximum number of objects that can be counted as duplicates while copying or moving objects. Pick the origin for copying. If you copy or move reinforcements or surface treatments and want them to adapt to the part they are copied or moved to: • • • Limitations The reinforcement or surface treatment handles must be in part corners. you can choose whether to keep or delete the duplicate objects. For example. and with mirroring. leaving the existing object in its original position. asymmetrically positioned parts.. Copying an object To copy an object: 1. sub-assemblies are copied as subassemblies if a parent object is found. The parts between which you copy or move must have the same number of cross section corners. if possible. Copying creates a new object. 3. Click Edit > Copy. for example. Tekla Structures checks for duplicate objects in the location where you are about to copy or move the objects to. Tekla Structures cannot create mirrored copies of connection properties. or right-click and select Copy from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures also checks for duplicates if you create new parts in the same location as an existing part.1.

click Edit > Undo. Copying an object using coordinates You can use coordinates when placing objects in a new position at a specified distance from the origin. The connections must be surrounded by similar parts to be copied successfully. The Copy command still remains active. Select the objects you want to copy. The objects are copied immediately.4. To stop copying. Tekla Structures copies all the objects that are connected to the object you copy. 5. To copy an object to a new position using coordinates: 1. Pick one or more destination points. To undo the latest copy operation. 6. 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . Use the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box to specify the coordinates. 2. click Edit > Interrupt. Tekla Structures also tries to copy connections. Ensure that Xsnap is switched on.

Click Copy. y.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 45 . Move the cursor in the direction you want to copy the objects. For example: 4. If the dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. and dZ fields. etc. 3. dY. 3. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. Enter the number of copies. 56) Switching Xsnap on or off (p. The position of the copied objects relative to the second (and third. Pick two points in the model. Copying an object to another plane You can copy objects from the first plane you specify to the second (and third. etc.) plane you specify. 3. Select the objects you want to copy.. Select the objects you want to copy. Click Edit > Copy Special > To Another Plane. 2. 4. Tekla Structures displays the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box automatically. You can also use a formula to calculate the x. and drag the objects to the new position. 7. and z displacements. Click Edit > Copy. See also Click OK. or enter the coordinates in the dX. 5.. Select the objects you want to copy. 5. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive x direction. Hold down the Ctrl key and the mouse button. Pick the point of origin of the first plane. Snapping to a position using coordinates (p. To copy an object linearly to a new position: 1. 2. To copy an object to another plane: 1. 53) Copying an object linearly to a new position Use the Copy Special > Linear.) plane remains the same as the position of the original objects relative to the first plane.. When you start typing. but do not pick the point.. command to create multiple copies of an object in the same linear direction. 4. Click Edit > Copy Special > Linear. Type the distance. 6.3. Click Tools > Options > Drag and Drop to activate the command. Copying an object using drag-and-drop To copy an object using drag-and-drop: 1. Pick the origin for copying. 2.

Copying and moving objects (p. or right-click and select Move from the pop-up menu. 2. 2. when you detail previously modeled parts... 2. 4. Copying an object to another object You can copy objects from an object to other similar objects. separated by spaces. Limitations Click Copy. To copy an object to another object: 1. length. and rotation. 4. 5. Click Edit > Copy Special > From Another Model. Enter the numbers of the phases from which to copy objects. Right-click and select Copy Special > To Another Object from the pop-up menu. Click Edit > Move. Select the object to copy from (source object). 2 7. Tekla Structures only copies secondary parts from the model if they belong to the same phase as their main part. See also Select the objects you want to copy. Pick the origin for moving. This applies to both model and component parts.5. Close the dialog box. 3. For example.. 3. This is useful. 6. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . Repeat steps 3–5 for all destination planes. 3. The objects that you can copy between can have different dimensions. See also Phases (p. for example. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive y direction. Select the object you want to move. Select the model to copy from in the Model directories list. Select the objects to copy to (target object). 211) Moving an object To move an object: 1. You cannot import drawings with the model. 43) Copying objects from another model To copy objects from another model: 1.

2.4. Tekla Structures also moves the parts or assemblies that use those points. Tekla Structures also moves the objects that are connected to the object you move. Click Edit > Move. 3. Use the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box to specify the coordinates. Moving an object using coordinates You can use coordinates when placing objects in a new position at a specified distance from the origin. Ensure that Xsnap is switched on. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 47 . Pick a destination point. Pick the origin for moving. To move an object to a new position using coordinates: 1. Select the objects you want to move. 5. Move the cursor in the direction you want to move the objects. 4. but do not pick the point. For example. The object is moved immediately. if you move points. The Move command does not remain active.

and z displacements. 2. dY. 7. Click Move. Pick two points in the model.. Tekla Structures displays the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box automatically. 2.6. 53) Moving an object linearly to a new position To move an object linearly to a new position: 1. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive y direction. When you start typing. Select the objects you want to move. Repeat steps 3–5 for the destination plane. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive x direction. Moving an object using drag-and-drop To move an object using drag-and-drop: 1. or enter the coordinates in the dX. To move an object to another plane: 1. 5. hold down the mouse button and drag the objects to the new position. If the dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Select the objects you want to move. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. y. which you specify by picking three points. The moved objects remain in the same position on the second plane as the original objects on the first plane. 2. Moving an object to another plane You can move objects from the first plane you specify to another plane. Click Edit > Move Special > To Another Plane. 48 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . Click Edit > Move Special > Linear. Snapping to a position using coordinates (p. select the handle. Do one of the following: • • To move the objects. 4. 3. To move the end of an object. You can also use a formula to calculate the x. Pick the point of origin of the first plane. Type the distance.. hold down the mouse button. 6. For example: 4. Click Tools > Options > Drag and Drop to activate the command.. 3. and drag the handle to the new position. 56) Switching Xsnap on or off (p. Select the objects you want to move. See also Click OK.. 3. and dZ fields.

and rotation. Click Copy or Move. Pick the starting point of the rotation axis. 2. 49) Rotating an object in the z direction (p. Activate the rotation command. click Edit > Move Special > Rotate. 8. Enter the rotation angle. Optional: Enter the dZ value. 43) Rotating objects When you copy or move an object. which is the difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. click Edit > Move Special > Rotate. 2. To move and rotate the objects. click Edit > Copy Special > Rotate... 4. click Edit > Copy Special > Rotate. Activate the rotation command. Select the objects you want to copy or move. 2. The objects that you move between can have different dimensions. Pick a point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 49 . for example. Select the objects you want to copy or move. 7. length. Select Z in the Around list box. Select the object to move from (source object). This is useful. To move and rotate the objects. 5. Positive rotation is according to the right hand rule (clockwise when looking from the starting point of the rotation axis). Copying and moving objects (p. 4.. or enter its coordinates. Pick the end point of the rotation axis. or in the work plane z direction. 3. See also Rotating an object on the work plane (p. • • 3.. To move an object to another object: 1. Select line in the Around list box. Enter the number of copies. Rotation settings (p. either on the work plane. similar objects. To copy and rotate the objects.. Right-click and select Move Special > To Another Object from the pop-up menu. when you detail previously modeled parts. 4. • • 3.. or enter the coordinates of the rotation axis. or enter its coordinates. you can rotate it around a given line. 49) Rotating an object on the work plane To rotate an object around a line on the work plane: 1. 242) Rotating an object in the z direction To rotate an object around a line in the work plane z direction: 1. See also To copy and rotate the objects... 9. 6.Moving an object to another object You can move objects from an object to other. See also Select the objects you want to move. Select the objects to move to (target object).

Click Copy or Move. Pick the end point of the mirroring plane. 4. Snap priority. Tekla Structures also displays snap dimensions. Activate the mirroring command. Select the objects you want to copy or move... 8. 242) Mirroring an object When you copy or move an object. When you move the mouse pointer over objects. click Edit > Move Special > Mirror. It defines how close you need to pick to hit a position. and snap depth all affect picking. 1. 7.7 Snapping to positions Most Tekla Structures commands ask you to pick points to position objects in a model. See also Enter the number of copies. or enter its coordinates and angle. Click Copy or Move.. Rotation settings (p. snap switches. To move and mirror the objects. When you pick within the snap zone of an object. • • 3. Tekla Structures automatically snaps to the closest pickable point on that object. 50 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . which is the difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. To mirror an object: 1. See also XS_DISPLAY_DIMENSIONS_WHEN_CREATING_OBJECTS Snap zone Each object has a snap zone. 6. Optional: Enter the dZ value. Enter the rotation angle. which means you can easily create objects of a desired length.. or enter its coordinates and angle. Pick the starting point of the mirroring plane. To copy and mirror the objects.. click Edit > Copy Special > Mirror.5. you can mirror it through a plane that is perpendicular to the work plane and passes through a line you specify. Tekla Structures displays snap symbols for the available snap points. 2. 5.

this option works like the 3D option. 70) Snap switches Snap switches specify exact locations on objects. These switches have the highest priority. The following options are available: • Plane You can snap to positions either on the view plane or the work plane. press the Tab key to cycle forward through the snap points. for example. end points. you cannot snap to any positions. it works like the Plane option. If there is more than one point available to snap to. if you are creating a beam. even if all the other switches are on. use the snap switches. depending on what you have selected in the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. Tekla Structures snaps to the position with the highest snap priority. Snap switches also define the snap priority of positions. Main snap switches The two main snap switches illustrated in the following table define whether you can snap to reference points or any other points on objects. To control which positions you can pick. • • 3D You can snap to positions in the entire 3D space. Click the left mouse button to select the appropriate point. Snap depth The first list box on the Snapping toolbar defines the depth of each position you pick.You can set the snap zone using the variable XS_PIXEL_TOLERANCE. and Shift+Tab to cycle backwards through them. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 51 . and intersections. If you pick and hit several positions simultaneously. In non-perspective views. midpoints. Enter the snap zone dimension in pixels. for example part corners. You can use snap switches any time Tekla Structures prompts you to specify a point. If both these switches are off. See also View planes (p. Snap switches help you to pick points to position objects precisely without having to know the coordinates or create additional lines or points. for example. Auto In perspective views. 79) Work plane (p.

Small Other snap switches The following table lists the remaining snap switches. Symbol End points Centers Midpoints Intersections Perpendicular 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures .Button Snap positions Reference lines and points Description You can snap to object reference points (points that have handles). You can have Tekla Structures display the snap symbols in the model when you move the mouse pointer over objects. polyline segments. Snaps to centers of circles and arcs. and arcs. Snaps to midpoints of lines. Snaps to end points of lines. Button Snap positions Points Description Snaps to points and grid line intersections. Symbol Large Geometry lines and points You can snap to any points on objects. The snap symbol is green for objects inside components. and circles. Snaps to intersections of lines. polyline segments. polyline segments. Snaps to points on objects that form a perpendicular alignment with another object. arcs. and yellow for model objects. and arcs.

any point on part edges or lines. you can have Tekla Structures display visual cues when you snap to positions. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. Snapping in orthogonal directions When you use the Ortho tool for snapping. and so on). the mouse pointer locks to the closest orthogonal point on the plane (0. Switching Xsnap on or off To make it easier to snap to points and position. 90. To snap to a position in an orthogonal direction: 1. do one of the following: • • Right-click and select the appropriate snap option from the pop-up menu. The snapping precision depends on the current zoom level.. The cursor turns into a green cross. Press O or click Tools > Ortho to activate orthogonal snapping. Tekla Structures displays an angle symbol to indicate the direction of snapping. 45. 135. Snaps to any position.Button Snap positions Nearest point Description Snaps to the nearest points on objects. e. Symbol Line extensions Free To show or hide the snap symbols. Snaps to the line extensions of nearby objects. click Tools > Options > Options. To show or hide the Snap Override toolbar..g. and select or clear the Display snap symbol check box. To switch Xsnap on or off: • Click Tools > Options > Xsnap. 2. create a beam. click Tools > Toolbars > Snap Override. 180 degrees. The mouse pointer automatically snaps to positions at even distances in the given direction. you can see it snap to positions. When you move the mouse pointer over objects. Click a button on the Snap Override toolbar. > Mouse settings. For example. Overriding the current snap switch To temporarily override the current snap switch settings. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 53 .

2. To snap to the extension line of another object: 1. This can be useful. when you want to align objects with one another. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. Ensure that the Snap to line extensions snap switch is active. When snapping in orthogonal directions.Snapping to part extension lines You can snap to the extension lines of nearby objects. For example: 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . the mouse pointer automatically snaps to positions at even distances in the given direction. Tekla Structures displays line extensions in blue color. for example. The snapping precision depends on the current zoom level. create a beam. For example.

6. To create a temporary reference point: 1. To lock the x coordinate. Click Tools > Ortho to activate orthogonal snapping. 3. To lock the pointer in the x direction: 1. Tekla Structures creates the part between the starting point and the end point. 2. 3. create a beam. 4. This is useful when you need to determine a point to pick and the needed point does not exist on the line. Locking a coordinate You can lock the x. For example. 2. For example. 5. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 55 .Creating a temporary reference point You can create a temporary reference point to use as a local origin when snapping in models or drawings. create a beam. Pick the starting point. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. press X again. you can snap to points only in that direction. To unlock the coordinate. Hold down the Ctrl key and pick a position. such as snap switches and orthogonal snapping. y. Temporary reference points can be used in combination with other snapping tools. Repeat step 4 to create as many reference points as needed. When a coordinate is locked. Release the Ctrl key and pick the end point. You can snap to points only in the x direction. and z coordinates on a line. press X. A green cross indicates that this position is now a temporary reference point.

You usually use tracking in combination with numeric coordinates and other snapping tools. 47) Tracking Tracking means that you follow a line and pick a point at a specified distance along the line. Start entering the coordinates using the keyboard. When you have snap switches on and you use a command that requires you to pick positions. You can track along the line towards a snap point. To snap to a position using coordinates: 1. such as snap switches and orthogonal snapping. Coordinate input options (p. 44) Moving an object using coordinates (p. Tekla Structures displays the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box automatically. 2. the mouse pointer locks onto a snap point. For example. See also After entering the coordinates. create a beam. press Enter or click OK to snap to the position. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. The negative sign (-) does not cause the dialog box to open. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . 57) Copying an object using coordinates (p. Tracking along a line In the illustration below. 3. we snapped to a grid line midpoint and tracked along the tentative line for 1000 units when creating a beam. and use the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box to specify the distance from the last point picked. Use the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box to specify the coordinates. Tekla Structures displays a green line between the last point picked and the snap point. Do one of the following: • • Click Tools > Enter a Numeric Location and select an option.Snapping to a position using coordinates You can use coordinates when snapping to a position. When you start typing.

Use the variable XS_KEYIN_DEFAULT_MODE to indicate the default snapping mode. for example. Tracking in the opposite direction Track in the opposite direction by entering a negative value. relative and absolute. for example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures 57 .Tracking beyond the snap point You can also track beyond the snap point. 4000 units from the last point picked. -1000. Tekla Structures has two snapping modes. Coordinate input options The table below explains the types of information you can enter in the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box.

and an angle from the xy plane separated by angle brackets. For example. 3. and z coordinates of a position separated by commas. For example. . Tekla Structures ignores the third coordinate.. an angle on the xy plane. select the Activate snap grid when free snap is on check box. 1000<90<45.. Click Tools > Options > Options. 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Basics of Tekla Structures . For example. > Mouse settings. For example. See also Snapping to a position using coordinates (p. 100.You can enter One coordinate Two coordinates Three coordinates Description A distance to an indicated direction. If you omit the last coordinate (z) or angle. @1000. snap switch. Special character Cartesian coordinates The x. Angles increase in the counterclockwise direction. 4.500 or @500<30. In drawings. if the spacing of the x coordinate is 500.-50. Optional: Define offsets for the snap grid origin in the Origin fields. Define the character with the variable XS_KEYIN_ABSO LUTE_PREFIX Define the character with the variable XS_KEYIN_RELA TIVE_PREFIX Relative coordinates The coordinates relative to the last position picked. y. 2. To activate the snap grid. 56) XS_KEYIN_DEFAULT_MODE Defining a snap grid Use a snap grid when you pick points using the Snap to any position To define a snap grid: 1. Define the grid spacing intervals in the Spacing fields. Tekla Structures assumes that the value is 0. < Absolute coordinates The coordinates based on the origin of the work plane. you are able to snap to positions at intervals of 500 units in the x direction.200. (comma) Polar coordinates A distance.

63) What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. 85) Reference models (p. create. including: • Geometry and dimensions TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 59 . 65) Work area (p.1 Creating 3D models This section explains how to open. Contents • • • • • • • • • • Creating 3D models (p. 62) Saving a model (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. and save models in Tekla Structures. 70) Coordinate system (p. 59) Screen layout (p. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. 87) 2. 76) Construction objects (p. 60) Opening a model (p. 71) Grids (p. See also Creating a new model (p. you can create a real-life model of any structure. 84) Points (p. 68) Work plane (p. 72) Views (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling.

• • • Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. In the Model type list box. Single-user: model will be used by one person. 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . : | ). This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. use the Save in list box. or .. type the path in the Save in field. To define the location manually. To create a new model: 1. Click OK. Creating a new model You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. as they react to modifications in the model. click Browse. followed by the \ character. To save the model in a recently used model folder. 2. • • 6. define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. Do not enter the model name in this field. Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field. Define where to save the new model. If you already have a model open.. select the template you want to use. • • • 3. 4. Do not use special characters (/ \ . such as reports and NC data files. Click File > New. To select a folder. You can only have one model open at a time. Optional: In the Model template list box. 5. Type a unique name in the Model name field. Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

Optional: To define user-defined attributes. 2. The description appears in the Open dialog box. 6.. many times during a project. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults.. To save the project properties as the default properties for this project.. 3.. click User-defined attributes. enter a description that helps you identify the model when you next need to open it. The Project Properties dialog box appears. which you can overwrite. In the Description field. such as the project number and name.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 61 . 5. Click OK to save your changes. 4.. Updating project information You will use project information. The names in the image below refer to template fields. It contains some sample entries. Click File > Project Properties.. Update the project information at the beginning of the project to make reports and drawings display the correct information automatically.Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view. All the fields are optional. which you can use when designing your own reports and templates. To update the project information: 1. You can now use the project properties in drawings and reports. Enter the project information you want to use.

or .. Click File > Open. 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace ..PROJECT_NUMBER PROJECT_NAME BUILDER PROJECT_OBJECT ADDRESS DESIGNER START_DATE END_DATE INFO1 INFO2 Opening a model To open a Tekla Structures model: 1.

. 63) Saving in multi-user mode Saving a model with a different name or location To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. click Browse. • • • 3. when you type N. Tekla Structures prompts you to select one. For more information on setting the interval. use the Model name list box. browse to the folder where you want to save the model. type a new name. you can use the keyboard to select models.. To open a recently used model folder. In the Save as dialog box. Click File > Save. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names. You can sort models by clicking the column titles. To search for models in another folder. See also Saving a model with a different name or location (p. If you already have a model open. 4. If no views are visible after you have opened a model. Click OK to open the model. do one of the following: • • Click . Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name.You can only have one model open at a time. use the Look in list box.. Tekla Structures automatically saves the model at set intervals. Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N. select the model. To open a recently used model. In the Open dialog box. 2. but the original version of the model remains intact. Click File > Save As. 3.. see Autosave. In the Model name field. For example. 2. Saving a model To save a model. Click OK. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 63 .

Add the desired profiles.\TeklaStructures\<version>\environments\default\model_templat es\. open the TeklaStructuresModel. 2. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model.. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the variable XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default. Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. For example. In the new template model folder.Model templates This section is for advanced users. By default.\TeklaStructures\<version>\environments\default\model_te mplates\. you can set this variable to point to the same location as the variable XS_FIRM. Creating a model template When you create a model template. Create a new model and give it a unique name. Save the file.xml file using any standard text editor. 7. in the model. 6. and so on. the variable points to the folder .xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. 5. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . Steel framework. the variable points to the folder . Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel. custom components. To create a model template: 1. Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the variable XS_RUNPATH. 4. 3. always start by creating a new empty model. The default value is FALSE. For example. You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the variable XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY.. Save and close the model.

Initially. the icons and available menu options will become active.2 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. a new window appears on the screen. The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures Model Editor window: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 65 . When you open or create a model.2.

Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. the second value to the variable XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. The first RGB value refers to the variable XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. set the same value for all four corners of the background.. > Model View. 66) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. 3. and plates Concrete footings. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. leave the variable fields empty. Modify the background color using the following variables: • • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . To use the default background color. 2. beams.. and so on.Status bar displays instructions. columns. and columns Commands for creating views Toolbars can be either docked or floating Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Steel beams. 264) Background color examples (p. Finding RGB values for colors (p. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.

0 1.0 0.0 0.0 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 67 .4 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 Result 0.0 1.0 0.RGB values 1.0 1.2 0.0 1.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.

0 Result 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 1.7 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.6 1. dashed lines.8 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 1.7 See also Changing the background color (p. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace .0 0.RGB values 0. 66) Finding RGB values for colors (p.0 1. 264) 2.0 1.0 1.3 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.

See also Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. This can be useful. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. > Model View. For more information on each command. To make the box visible again.. 5. or in all visible views. but they are not visible. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. 2. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 4. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA variable to TRUE. 68) Hiding the work area If you want. Work area (p.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. Click OK or Apply. 1. Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. click View > Redraw All again. when creating screenshots for presentations. for example. or size the work area to include selected parts. Alternatively. 69) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. See also Defining the work area (p. for example. To make the work area visible again. 3. or all model objects. 2. set the variable to FALSE. Objects outside the work area still exist. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 69 . Click View > Redraw All. Tekla Structures hides the work area. you can hide the green work area box. see the corresponding menu tooltip. You can define the work area in a selected view. To define the work area: 1..

The work plane also has its own grid. which can be used for positioning parts. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands.2. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. or on a part or view plane. To display the work plane grid. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. parallel to one of the global basic planes. which is the local coordinate system of the model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. 71) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. The z direction follows the right-hand rule: Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. so it is the same in all views. part positioning. 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . 2. For example creating points. To shift the work plane: 1. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. See also Shifting the work plane (p. The current work plane is model-specific. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane.4 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. For more information on each command. 70) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. For example. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. When modeling sloped parts.

Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar.. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. > Model View.5 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. Set Depth coordinate to 0. For example. Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. Finding RGB values for colors (p. 2. Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. 3. Click Change. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 71 . 4. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1.... and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. 264) 2. See also Click OK. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 70) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. to change the color to red. Modify the variable XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE.0 0. y.0 0.3. 2. See also Work plane (p. 4. set the value to 1. To restore the default work plane: 1.0. 3. Set Plane to XY. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view.

2.6 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace .In wire frame views. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines.

0 4000 4000. and Z0.. The z coordinates are absolute . For example.. If you wish. 4. Optional: When prompted. Y0. 5. Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative.You can have more than one grid in a model. Y0. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. 2. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. 241) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 73 . If you do not pick a point. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. Creating a grid When you create a new model. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. Click Modeling > Create Grid. See also Click Create. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. To manually create a grid: 1. Modify the grid properties. Grid properties (p. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. and Z0. 0 2*4000. You can also create grids manually. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. use the variable XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. you can leave the label fields empty. When working with very large grids. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. 3. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. For example.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates.

3. is selected. 2. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. 2. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . 4. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. set the value to 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.. not the grid. Modify the variable XS_GRID_COLOR. 3. For example. 241) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. See also Click Modify to save the changes. Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: 1. 3. Double-click a grid line. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. > Model View. 2. 4. Finding RGB values for colors (p.0 0. Grid properties (p. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. If you have also other objects selected. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. to change the color to red. 264) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid.0. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. The Grid dialog box appears.0 0. When you delete a grid. See also Click OK. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box.Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. Modify the grid properties. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch is selected. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line..

You can use handles to move the grid lines. the handles appear in magenta. 2. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch is selected. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. When you select a grid line. 242) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. Double-click a grid line. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. See also Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch is selected. 2. Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. 3. Grid line properties (p. 3.Single grid lines have handles. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. See also Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. Pick the starting point of the grid line. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 75 . 4. Click Modify to save the changes. Grid line properties (p. 242) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. 4. Pick the end point of the grid line. Modify the grid line properties.

This places the part in the center of the view. When you delete a grid line. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.2. not the grid line. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. If you also have other objects selected.7 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines Create a basic part view when you need to see a specific part clearly. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. For example. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. 2. Select the grid line you want to delete. 3.

you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. Representation options in rendered views In rendered views. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. However. You can change the appearance of a view after you create it.Each view has properties that define its appearance. View type The view type defines the appearance of the view. If you try to open more than nine views. You can open the view properties dialog box for each view to view or modify the properties. check how many views you have open. If the view does not appear. Tekla Structures displays a warning. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. The view type options are: • Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. The following options are available: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 77 . You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. you can also choose the Wireframe or Shaded Wireframe representation option in the rendered views.

e.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. component objects are displayed as Rendered. component objects are displayed as Rendered. i. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. i. parts are transparent. Parts are transparent. surfaces are not. In this example.e. underlying parts are not visible. and their surfaces are shaded. Example In this example.

e. when viewing clash check results in a large model.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. i. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed.. View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed.5 and Shift+1. xz. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis.. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. The view plane options for basic views are: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 79 . two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. and zy). In basic views. This option is useful. parts are not transparent. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. Other parts are almost completely transparent.. It does not appear in the plane name. for example.. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. In the basic plane view. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy.

or enter its coordinates. 2. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace .. Other views For view types other than basic views. When you move a view plane. or the points are defined automatically. 3.. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. from the pop-up menu. To move the view plane: 1. Click the view. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis.Plane: XY Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. depending on the creation method.

View settings (p. In multi-user mode. Temporary views. Click Move. Optional: Save the view. see the corresponding menu tooltip. b Type a unique name in the Name field. Pick the end point of the translation vector. disappear when you close them. 5. so you do not have to give each view a specific name.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. When you exit the model. how it will name the views. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 81 . it is very important to give views unique names. which have a default name in parentheses. or enter its coordinates. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. Tekla Structures only saves the named views.4. and which view properties it will use. Before you start. Select the grid. c See also Click Modify. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. For more information on each command. 3. Select a view command from the View menu. create a view that contains a grid. Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. If the Move . You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. Creating a view To create a new view: 1. To create grid views: 1. If several users have different views with the same name. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. 244) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. or the view will not be saved for later use. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses.

. Click View > View List.. and all visible views on the right. To delete multiple views.. Click View > View List. 3. Modify the view properties. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . See also Grid view properties (p. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Select the view you want to delete. 4. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Modify the grid properties. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. 3. Click Create. The Views dialog box appears. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. View settings (p. 2. 2... The Views dialog box appears. 5. Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box.. To open multiple views. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. 245) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. Click Delete. 2. The Views dialog box appears... Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Click Modify. and all visible views on the right. 3. or double-click a view to open it. 244) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 1.2.

Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 83 . and then click Modify.Switching between open views To switch between open views. do one of the following: • • • Press Ctrl+P. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. In the View Properties dialog box. Click View > Redraw All. Only one view is active at a time. select a view from the list. Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. Arranging views Your Tekla Structures workspace can contain many open views. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. Click View > Close All. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. To arrange the views. select an option from the Angle list box. On the Window menu. do one of the following: • • Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. but Tekla Structures may also produce information in the inactive views.

4. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. For example. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. For example. select the Magnetic check box. Click Modify.8 Construction objects Construction planes. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. and circles help you place other objects. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. 3. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT.You cannot use the Cascade. Tile Horizontally. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. They do not appear in drawings. 7. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. 6. 2. Pick four points. 5. 2. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. lines. When you move the plane. Tekla Structures draws the plane. Click the middle mouse button. Double-click the plane in the model. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Type a name for the plane.

Pick the starting point of the construction line.Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. Click Modify. 2. For more information on each command. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. 4. b c Select the Magnetic check box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 85 . a Double-click the line in the model. 2. 3. Pick the end point of the construction line.9 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. 2. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. see the corresponding menu tooltip. When you create points.

Each point also has a phase number. Creating a point To create a point: 1.500.1000 300.1500 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. Create a point import file. Checking them convinces you of the correct location of the point or some other object related to it. You can filter objects by their phase and ID numbers. y. To import points from a file: 1. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. Use the icons on the Points toolbar.700. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. and an ID number that is used in log files. see the corresponding menu tooltip.Point properties The point information you are most probably interested in is the local (work plane) and global x. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. Importing points This section is for advanced users. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. For example: 100. and z coordinates of a point. 2. For more information on each command. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro.

2.10 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. Type the ASCII file name.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. Include the full path and the file extension. Double-click Point Creation Import (8).. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 87 .dwg) MicroStation (*. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model.prp) Cadmatic models (*. 6.b 2. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • AutoCAD (*.IFC) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. 7. Save the file. or a heating. 3.3dd) IFC files (*. If you do not specify the path. 3.dxf) AutoCAD (*.dgn.rop. Click Create. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. Click the Browse.. For example. *. 5. Check the work plane position.. 2. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. 4. Click File > Insert Reference Model. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. Type point in the Search field and click Search. 4. During the import process. Open a Tekla Structures model. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. button to browse for the reference model file. a plant design model. an architectural model. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures..

Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. 4. Modify the properties and then click Modify. 7. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. switch. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. 3. if it uses different measurement units). Activate the Select component Select the reference model.inp file. or you forget to click Apply.. 6. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace .. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. Click User-defined attributes. 2. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. 2.. The default reference model is a white cross: Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. For more information on user-defined attributes. 2. see Adding properties. Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1.. Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. Set the scale of the reference model. the file does not exist. Click File > Reference Model List. If you do not define a reference model file to use.5. Click File > Reference Model List.

3dd) WebViewer (.. but the changes are rarely documented.. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • 1. To highlight a reference model: 1.dwg) To view changes in a reference model: Double-click the reference model.Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. Click Reload all. you can highlight them. Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated.xml) 3D DWG (. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. Select a reference model from the list. 2. Click File > Reference Model List... To update all reference models: 1. Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 89 . 2. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache.ifc) Cadmatic (. IFC (. Click File > Reference Model List.

The variable XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. set the Category to Template and use EXTERNAL as the property value prefix in the Object Group . 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace . you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 3.. Click Display. The reference model objects are read-only.. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. Click Subdivide. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. Splitting a reference model into reference model objects You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. When doing this.2. For example. 2. select Inserted to see the added objects. 4. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. button next to the Old file name field.Representation dialog box. Example After you have split the reference model into reference model objects.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects. the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database. Limitations The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects: • block table TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 91 . even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. 173) Creating reports Reference model objects You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. See also Filtering objects (p.

Region) You cannot use this functionality for DGN files. ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid. 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105). switch. Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model. 2. Supported DGN objects Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7) Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34.• • • • polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example. Selecting a reference model object To select a reference model object: 1. Body. subtype "Indexed Face Loops" 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace .

other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops" SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.The following DGN objects are not supported: • • • Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105). TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace 93 .

94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Setting up the Workspace .

You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates. These are the building blocks of the physical model. you can select. and to identify parts of the same type. See Profiles (p.g. Every part has properties that define it. Each part has the following properties: Property Name Description The name of the part is user-definable. 118) Cast units (p. 96). See Materials (p. beams or columns.3 Creating and Modifying Structures This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. Contents • • • • • • Parts (p. 98). Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. modify. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands. e. 101) Steel parts (p. 113) Concrete parts (p. profile. Profile Material TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 95 . 109) Assemblies (p. 95) Part position (p. and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. such as material.1 Parts In Tekla Structures. the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. For example. 122) 3. and hide parts based on their properties.

e. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. etc. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. A parametric profile.g. with anti-corrosive paint. hot galvanized. When you create or modify a part. Use Class to group parts. see The profile catalog and Working with rules. See also Standard profiles (p. and user-defined profiles. For example. It describes how the part surface has been treated. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. fire retardant coating. Class Part types The main concrete parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • beam polybeam column pad footing strip footing panel slab The main steel parts are: beam curved beam orthogonal beam polybeam column twin profile contour plate Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. 97) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . and how to associate profile types with materials. parametric. Icon Description A standard profile. For more information on how to modify the profile catalog and rules.Property Finish Description Finish is user-definable.

If you select a parametric profile. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. select the Show all profiles check box. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . X. and *. /. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile.. environmentspecific profiles. By default. 3. 97) User-defined profiles (p. Click Select. To see all the properties of profiles. use the Profile name list box. User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. 97) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. The Select Profile dialog box appears. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. For example. see Sketched cross sections (p. To select a recently used profile. For more information on creating your own profiles. • • 4. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. • • 5. Select a profile from the list. Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. the profile catalog contains standard. 6. Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. so you should not edit them. select the Show details check box. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box. Click Modify. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape..Parametric profiles (p. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. next to the Profile field. 215) and Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile. Click Apply or OK. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 97 . but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. 2.

or country-specific properties. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties.. and thermal dilatation coefficient. To see all the properties of materials. and so on. For example. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box. see The material catalog.You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. 3. Poisson’s ratio. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. The Select Material dialog box appears. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. 6. For example. such as strengths. Click Select. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. select the Show details check box. including the modulus of elasticity. Click Modify. Materials When you create or modify a part. Select a material from the list. Design information User attributes For more information on how to modify the material catalog. porosity. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. they can be former names. 2. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. or names used in different countries or standards. Click Apply or OK. select the Show aliases check box. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. partial safety factors. • • 4.. 5. next to the Material field.

The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 99 . Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. Attributes can consist of numbers. Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box.You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. text. or lists. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups.

. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. Tension.4 Connection code For more information on how to define attributes. or in projects. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. see Adding properties.Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. and Moment User field 1. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . user-defined attributes. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. Part labels You can display selected part properties. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Camber Preliminary mark Locked Shear.. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension.. User-defined fields.. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. When drawings of the parts are created.

Select the part. b 6. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. 3. the rest are magenta. See also Selecting handles (p. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. Click Modify. b c Click Add.Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. 102) XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels.2 Part position When you create a part. The Part label dialog box appears.. a Select a property in the Properties list. Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. 101) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. 39) Moving a part using handles (p. for example. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Define which part properties to display in part labels. The points form the part reference line. Select the Part label check box. you position it by picking points. Click Display. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. 5. 7. The handle of the first end point is yellow. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. Enter the attribute name and click OK. 4. When you select a part. In the Display dialog box. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. Tekla Structures displays the handles. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 101 . 3. 2.. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. go to the Advanced tab.

2. just drag the handle to a new position. select the Part reference line check box. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box.. Click the handle you want to move. Click Modify and OK. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. to open the Display dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the handle. Click View > View Properties. 4. Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part: 1. Click Modify.. On the Advanced tab. Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. 2. Positioning of parts is easier in the plane view. modify the desired position settings. 43) Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. To do this. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 3. See also Copying and moving objects (p. Move the handle like any other object.2.. 3.. For example. On the Position tab. Examples Position Middle Example Right 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click Display. Press Ctrl+P to switch between the 3D view and the plane view. 3. If Drag and Drop is switched on.

Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. Examples Position Front Example Top TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 103 .Position Left Example Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. you have the following options: • • • • Front Top Back Below You can also define the angle of rotation.

Position Back Example Below Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front Behind Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . perpendicular to the work plane.

Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. you have the following options: • • • Middle Left Right TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 105 . relative to its reference point. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up Middle 100 Down 100 Up 100 Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part. relative to its reference point.

Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. relative to its reference line. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures .Examples Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 Left 100 Right 100 End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. You can enter positive and negative values.

Use to define the position of the second end. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. not at the level you picked. you can enter the positions of the part ends. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Description Use to define the position of the first end. relative to the picked point.Examples Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 Dy End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 107 .

you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. you must modify their bottom level position. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. The options are: • • XZ plane XY plane 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Alternatively. which is relative to the current work plane. for example a curved beam. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. the less angular the part appears. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. such as numbering and the creation of drawings. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. To position the upper columns correctly. The number of segments affects the speed of many operations. Top level = 1000. you need to specify the number of segments.Example In this example. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. You can also define the plane of curvature.

2. 35) Part position (p. 101) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. 4. See also Creating and modifying objects (p. 3.Examples Number of segments: 2 Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 3.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. Pick the end point. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Click the Create beam icon. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 109 . Pick the starting point.

247) 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick the starting point (1). See also Steel beam properties (p. 249) Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. Pick the position of the beam. 247) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1.. 3. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. Click the Create curved beam icon. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick a point on the arc (2). 2. 3. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam.. 2. 5. Pick the end point (3). 4.See also Steel beam properties (p.

152) Steel beam properties (p. To create a steel polybeam: 1. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 3. 2. 5. Pick the position of the column. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Double-click the end point. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 111 . 3. 4. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Click the Create polybeam icon. 247) Polybeam length calculation Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. Click the Create column icon. Optional: To create curved segments. You can also create bent plates with this command. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties.Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Pick the points you want the beam to go through.

Pick the corner points of the contour plate. See also Steel column properties (p. 2. 248) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . 107) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. 250) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. Pick the starting point. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. See also Twin profile properties (p. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. Pick the starting point. To create a contour plate: 1. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 4. To create a twin steel profile: 1. See also Contour plate properties (p. 3. Pick the starting point again. 3. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. 247) Levels (p. 5. 4. Click the Create contour plate icon. Pick the end point. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. 2.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column.

the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. 6. See also Selecting nested assemblies and components (p. 5. Select the plate. 2. 7. 4. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 3. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 149) 3. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. or by joining assemblies together. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 113 . and then attached to the column in another workshop. See also Creating a contour plate (p. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. from the list box. You can change the main part in an assembly. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. By default. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. 248) Chamfers (p. 112) Contour plate properties (p. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field.Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. 40) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. Click Modify. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column.

To work with nested assemblies.Drawing 2. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. through the basic and sub-assemblies. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. from single parts and bolts. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. Built-up profile Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. up to the highest level of the nested assembly.

3. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. 3. fabrication information. marks. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 115 . Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. etc. See also Selecting nested assemblies and components (p. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. 2. 40) Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. for all assembly levels. and still produce dimensions.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu.

Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. 4. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. 2. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Select the assembly to add to.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. 4. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. Select the assembly to add to. Select the part you want to add. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. 3. Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. 3. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. Do one of the following: • • • • Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.

Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level.main part Concrete . Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. Do one of the following: • • To explode the entire assembly. 3. Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu.secondary part Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. Select the assemblies you want to join.main part Steel part . 2. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. To explode an assembly: 1. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. right-click and select Assembly > Explode Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part .2. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. To only explode the sub-assembly. 2. always starting from the highest level. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 117 . The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1.

Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. You can change the main assembly at any time. 3. Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. 101) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. See also Creating and modifying objects (p. 4. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Tekla Structures changes the main part. 3. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 2. 3. Pick the pad footing position.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 2. See also Pad footing properties (p. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. Select the new main assembly. 250) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Select the assembly. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. b c Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 35) Part position (p. Click the Create pad footing icon. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. Select the new main part.Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1.

chamfer the corners of the footing. Double-click the end point. 2. Click the Create strip footing icon. 5. Optional: To create curved segments. 3. 252) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 119 . See also Concrete column properties (p. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 3. Click the Create concrete column icon. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 2. 251) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. See also Strip footing properties (p.Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. 4. Pick the position of the column.

The corners of the slab can be chamfered. 4.Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. 2. 5. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Pick the starting point. See also Concrete beam properties (p. 4. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 152) Concrete beam properties (p. 3. Pick the end point. Double-click the end point. 2. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. 252) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. Optional: To create curved segments. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click the Create concrete beam icon. 3. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 252) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Pick the points you want the beam to go through.

Click the Create concrete slab icon. 5. See also Creating a concrete slab (p. Select the slab. Pick the corner points of the slab. 3. 2. Click Modify. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 121 . Pick the starting point again. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 120) Concrete slab properties (p. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. Click the Create concrete panel icon. 2. 253) Chamfers (p.To create a concrete slab: 1. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. 149) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. from the list box. 5. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 6. See also Concrete slab properties (p. Pick the starting point. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 253) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. 4. 3. 7. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create.

122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Cast units can include reinforcement. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. Optional: To create curved segments. Double-click the end point. 4. By default.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. For example. 3. 2. each part is considered a separate cast unit. chamfer the corners of the panel. 149) 3. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. 3.3. Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. Select the objects you want to add. such as steel parts and insulation. This applies to anything that is not concrete. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. 5. 2. You can change the main part in a cast unit. Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. as well as concrete parts. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. Select an object in the cast unit.

Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Copy the cast unit like any other object in Tekla Structures.main part Concrete . 2. Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From.main part Steel part . The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Copying and moving objects (p. 2. 2. Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1.To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. 3. Copying a cast unit To copy a cast unit: 1. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 4. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. Select the objects you want to remove. Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 2. 43) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 123 . 2. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects.secondary part Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1.

3. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. 3. 4. Select a concrete part. Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. 2. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. Go to the Cast unit tab.Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. 2. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures . use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. 2. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. Select a concrete part. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. select Precast or Cast in place. Click Modify to save the changes. In the Cast unit type list box. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form.

Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. Select the new main part. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 3.To hide the top-in-form face again. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures 125 .

126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Creating and Modifying Structures .

149) 4. 141) Fine-tuning part shape (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. 135) Surface treatment (p.1 Bolts To create bolts. 133) Welds (p. 127) Holes (p. Contents • • • • • Bolts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 127 . It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures.

Diameter of the bolt group. washers. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. y coordinate of each bolt. in the x direction of the bolt group. x coordinate of each bolt. Examples The picked points are shown as crosses in the examples below. Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. Number of bolts. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular xy list for any shape Circle for circular Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. from the bolt group point of origin. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes.You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. and nuts) while creating holes. in the y direction of the bolt group. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . from the bolt group point of origin. as shown in the table below: Shape Array xy list Circle Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. The dashed line indicates the x direction.

and other factors. The following settings in the Bolt Properties dialog box affect bolt length calculation: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 129 . using the material thicknesses of the connected parts.Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bold dist X: 150 Bold dist Y: 100 Picture xy list Bold dist X: 75 175 Bold dist Y: 100 100 Bolt length Tekla Structures calculates bolt length automatically.

-150). Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting.e.Field Thread in material Description Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. Extra length Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. For example. In the illustration below. 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Indicates the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. Cut length Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. enter a negative value for cut length (e. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin.g. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm.

Pick a point. etc. 3. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts.). Select the secondary parts. nuts. 7. etc. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. 4.) are contained in the bolt catalog. which is the bolt group origin. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. Tekla Structures stores bolt assemblies in the bolt assembly catalog. The individual elements (bolts of different size and length. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction.The starting point values Dx. 255) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 131 . Bolt properties (p. An example bolt group: The bolts were created using the following bolt properties: • • • • • • • Shape = Array Bolt dist X = 100 100 Bolt dist Y = 200 Slotted hole X = 28 Bolt size = 20 Tolerance = 2 (overall dimension = 50) Dx Start point = 100. washers. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. Select the primary part. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. washers. relative to the bolt group x axis.0 Bolt catalog Tekla Structures treats bolts as pre-defined assemblies made up of individual elements (bolts. 6. nuts. See also Optional: Modify the bolt properties. 2. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. 5. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane.

Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 1. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 2. type 0. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. select Array from the Shape list box. 3. 2. Modify the bolt group. 2. When prompted. Bolt properties (p. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes.Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. Explode the component. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. Click Apply to save the changes. Apply a component. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 255) Creating new bolts by modifying existing You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. 3. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 5. 4. Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Under Bolt group. Follow the instructions on the status bar. reselect the main and secondary parts. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group.

Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 4. 5. 7. Click Apply or OK. 3. Before creating holes. In the Connect part/assembly list box. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • Round Oversized Slotted TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 133 .2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Pick the bolt group origin. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. 2. select As sub-assembly. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. 6. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. As secondary part Site No assembly created. 4. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box.Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to.

To create round holes: 1. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. 3. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. If you do not want to create any bolts. Optional: Modify the hole properties. 4. If you do not want to create any bolts. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. select Slotted. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. For example. 255) Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 5. To indicate which parts should be slotted. 4. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Click Apply to save the changes. 2. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 2. 5. 3. Bolt properties (p. In the Hole type list box.• Tapped Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance.

You can create the following types of welds: • Regular welds Tekla Structures welds the two parts together using the weld position in the Weld Properties dialog box. 2. Bolt properties (p. In the Oversize field. See also Click Apply to save the changes.Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7.3 Welds To create welds in Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 135 . 5. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. See also Click Apply to save the changes. If you do not want to create any bolts. select Oversized. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 6. 8. 255) 4. • Polygon welds You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. In the Hole type list box. 255) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 1. 4. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 3. you can create single welds. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 7. Bolt properties (p. or apply components that automatically create welds.

or z). y. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . polygon welds move with the primary part. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. • Single part welds Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. Examples The following images show welds in different positions.If you move welded parts.

Secondary part Main part Secondary part Main part Assembly main part Assembly main part Welding order secondary primary Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 137 .

6. the polygon weld moves with the primary part. Weld properties (p. 3. 2. If you are creating a workshop weld. 5. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. If you are creating a workshop weld. To undo the last pick. this is the secondary part. this is the primary part. 7. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. press Backspace or click Edit > Undo Last Polygon Pick. Select the part to weld to. If you are creating a workshop weld.Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. 2. 3. Pick the corners of a polygon. Select the part to be welded. See also Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. this is the secondary part. 256) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. this is the primary part. If you are creating a workshop weld. 5. Select the part to weld to. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. 4. Select the part to be welded. Optional: Modify the weld properties. 4. If you move the welded parts. To finish picking.

Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. without connecting any other parts: 1. Pick the points you want the weld to pass through. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. 4. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. Select the part that you want to weld. Tekla Structures bevels the parts to be welded using an anti-material cutting part. Tekla Structures subsequently deletes this cutting part. Some weld types and connections also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. 5. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. When preparing welds. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. use the SPD profile. 2. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 139 . Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. Tekla Structures displays weld preparations using cyan dash-and-dot lines. To finish picking.

Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. In the Connect part/assembly list box. Click Apply or OK. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. 2. Select the cutting part. 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . 3. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. You can create workshop welds and site welds. The first part you select becomes the primary part of the assembly. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE. Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. The largest primary part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. 2. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. 4. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding.To prevent automatic weld preparation. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. select As sub-assembly. As secondary part Site No assembly created. Preparing parts for welding To manually prepare parts to be welded: 1. Select the part that you want to cut. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the primary part in assembly drawings. 3. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. When you connect assemblies. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies.

Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. 4. Click the Select. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. to select a material from the catalog. When you redefine the properties of a part (e.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts.g. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated.. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. When you create overlapping surface treatments. surface mixes. for example. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. In the Surface treatment name list box. Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. you change the size of a part). 6. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. select the specific surface treatment. and tiles.. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 141 .5. 2. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment.. 4. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 5. In the Type list box. select the type of surface treatment to use. 3.

Pick the origin of the surface treatment. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 8. 4. 2. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 3. 7. Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 3. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. 4. b c On the Pattern tab. The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. Pick the direction. 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 3. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. select the location of the surface treatment. 2. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. b Select the part face. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. select Tile surface from the Type list box. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. 2. Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. 9. Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. The faces that you can select appear in blue. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. and Behind. Front. In the At depth list box. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment.6. The options are Middle. 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. b c Select the part face.

The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. left. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment.4. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. or right). Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: 5. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. bottom. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 143 . Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer.

. Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users.\environments\<your_environment>\system folder. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. To create new surface treatment options: 1. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. The file is located in the . You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.dat file using any text editor. Do not edit this section: 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. Open the product_finishes.

Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. For example. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Magnesium Float. Add rows to define new options. 4. Save the file.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 145 . Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: // // // // // 1 1 1 ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. MF for Magnesium Float. For example. For example. b c Define a code for the surface treatment option. 1 for concrete finish. Define the full name of the surface treatment option. a Define the surface treatment type.

Vertical offset of the tile pattern. Optional. Required. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures .dtd • • Thumbnail images • • • Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. Located in the . Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.\environments\<your_environment >\system folder. Optional. Optional. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog.xml file.xml Description • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. Required.xml file. At least one required.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. Tile pattern element.File TilePatternCatalog. Filenames identify the pattern types. Required. Optional. TilePatternCatalog. Color of the tile or mortar. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. Required.xml file. For example.. herringbone. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). Located in the . The origin of an individual tile. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern.\nt\bitmaps folder. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. defined from the origin of the pattern..

Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment.xml file. starting from the origin of the surface treatment. the pattern is defined as follows: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 147 .Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.

after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.

and manufacturing reasons. See also Creating and Modifying Structures (p.\environments\<your_environment>\system folder. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. 95) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. 3. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. Other elements are optional. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part.xml file using any text editor.xml file. steel and concrete polybeams. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. and then modify it to suit your needs.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. and concrete panels). 4. 4. practical. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements.Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1.. The file is located in the . 2. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. concrete slabs. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. Save the TilePatternCatalog. In Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 149 . Open the TilePatternCatalog. Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define.

4. 2. 5. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. Select the part. Click Modify. You can modify the default chamfers. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 3. To modify a corner chamfer: 1.Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. See also Modify the chamfer properties. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used Line x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Rounding x: the radius y: not used 150 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. which does not change the geometry of the part. 258) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. Double-click the handle of any part corner. Corner chamfer properties (p.

Right-click the view and select Redraw View. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 151 . Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. Modify the chamfer properties. 5.Type Arc Icon Dimensions x: the radius y: not used Arc point x: not used y: not used Square The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. b c 6. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. 3. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. Optional: Modify the chamfer. 4. 2. Select the part you want to chamfer. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. Click OK. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1.

Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer 152 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . 259) Polybeam chamfers By default. You can modify the default chamfers. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment.See also Edge chamfer properties (p.

Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Pick the first point of the cutting line. In situations like this. details. perpendicular to the view plane. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 153 . Fitting symbol Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. Tekla Structures displays the fitting in the model using a blue fitting symbol. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. which makes it easier to create connections. and so on. which passes through the cutting line you pick. 3. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting.To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. set the variable XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. 2. use the Cut Part commands instead. 4. Pick the second point of the cutting line. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting.

154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Pick the first point of the cutting line.Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. Tekla Structures displays the cut in the model using a blue cut symbol. You can create the following types of cuts in Tekla Structures: • • • Line cuts (p. 5. 2. 4. 154) Polygon cuts (p. For more information on how to change this. perpendicular to the view plane. Select the part you want to cut. Exact representation (without cut symbol) Fast representation (with cut symbol) By default. Pick the second point of the cutting line. see Fittings affect NC data. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. 155) Part cuts (p. 3. 156) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane. To cut a part with a line: 1. Pick the side you want to remove. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. which passes through the cutting line you pick.

You must create cuts in a plane view. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 155 . If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dotdash lines. Exact representation (without symbol) Fast representation Polygon-shaped cut You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges.Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape.

for example. 2. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. 3. This can be useful. click Edit > Undo Last Polygon Pick. Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. Cutting parts with another part Before you start. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. Select the part you want to cut. Cuts are displayed using dot-dash lines Cut lines can be hidden in a view Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. You can cut parts that already have cuts. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dot-dash lines. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . 4. 2.For example. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. To close the polygon. To undo the last pick. Tekla Structures displays the cut as an anti-material part shown in dot-dash lines. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. To cut a part with another part: 1. 5. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting.

6. Select the cutting part. 5. 4. 2. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. Pick another existing corner (4). concrete panels. 2. Select the part you want to modify. 3). a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. hold down the mouse button. The part cut does not affect other parts. Click the selected chamfer. and drag the chamfer to a new position.3. Pick the corner to remove (5). 3. contour plates. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 157 . 4. Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. and strip footings. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. concrete slabs. You can also use drag-and-drop to modify the shape of a polygon: 1. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. Select a chamfer. 3. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. Press D to activate drag-and-drop. Delete the cutting part. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Pick an existing corner (1).

3. Select the part you want to attach. Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. Select the second part. Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 1. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . Click Detailing > Attach Part. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. Click Edit > Combine. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. 3. Select the first part.When you select the parts you want to combine. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. Select the part to attach to. When you combine parts. 2. 2.

159) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. Select the part you want to split. If you split contour plates that have bolts. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. 160) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. and on the same side of the part. Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. You cannot split polybeams. 4. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. Click Edit > Split. Click Edit > Split. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. 160) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. 2. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. welds or surface treatments. Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. Select the part you want to split. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 159 . Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. check the result after splitting.You can use splitting with straight parts. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. curved beams without offsets. 3. Move the chamfers. Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. Pick a point for the dividing line. 2. 3.

5. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures . 2. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. In the End field. relative to the part reference line. • • 3. For example. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. 4. Go to the Deforming tab. Click OK to close the dialog box. 2. Click Modify to warp the slab. use the dz2 field. 4. To move the upper corner of the chamfer. use the dz1 field. Modify the chamfer properties. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. Select the chamfer you want to move. 3.2. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 6. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. For example. Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. Click Modify to warp the beam. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. Click OK to close the dialog box. Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. In the Start field. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. relative to the part reference line. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field.

• • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. which warps the slabs.Linear dialog box. and embeds in the model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 161 . Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. 4. Click Move. In the Move . and go to the Deforming tab. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. To see the warping angle of a single slab. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. 6. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. type a value in the appropriate direction field. The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. For example. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. Cambering affects the position of cuts. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. 5. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. 8. skews.3. 7. in other words.

To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. define the degree of camber. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures .The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. including the template output. 4. Go to the Deforming tab. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box. The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 4. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. When drawings are created. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box. Click Modify. In the Cambering field. Go to the Deforming tab. 2. 3. In the Shortening field. type a negative value in the Shortening field. 2. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. 3. Click Modify. Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. Shortening parts in drawings Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. define the degree of shortening. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. Shortening a part To shorten a part in drawings: 1.

enter a negative value. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. In the Shortening field. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 4. For example. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures 163 . Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box.Lengthening a part To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. Click Modify. Go to the Deforming tab. 2.

164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Detailing Structures .

filter objects.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 165 . You can use a mouse. See also Checking the model (p. or pull out for a wider view. 165) Inquiring the model (p. or a combination of both. 179) Visualizing project status (p.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors. 171) Filtering objects (p. 190) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. you can move and rotate the model. 190) 5. It also explains how to inquire object properties. and show and hide objects in a view. 184) Checking the model (p. Scroll forward to zoom in. keyboard shortcuts. Contents • • • • • • Viewing the model (p. 173) Showing and hiding objects (p. and backward to zoom out.

use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model .If you do not have a wheel mouse. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. Use the variable XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. 2. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. and then drag the pointer to size the window. select Wire frame. In the View type list box. press Page Down. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. Click Modify. Create a zoom window. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. Use the variable XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. Place the mouse pointer over the model. If this option is off. press Page Up. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click the Magnifier icon. b c d e 3. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. Open a wire frame view of the model. Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. Do one of the following: • • To zoom in. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. 2. Zoom settings To modify zoom settings. For more information on each command. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. To zoom out. Use the variable XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO.

As you move the pointer in the general view. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. menu commands. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 167 . To change the level of magnification. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. Rotating the model You can use the mouse. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. 4. keyboard shortcuts. To rotate the model. zoom in and out in the zoom window. In wire frame views.

To Rotate using the middle mouse button

Do this 1. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. To relocate the center of rotation, press v, and then pick a position in the view. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point.

Rotate using the left mouse button

1. 2.

Press Ctrl + R. Pick a position in the view. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point.

3. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts 1.

Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. For more information on each command, see the corresponding menu tooltip.

Moving the model
To move the entire model, use any of the following methods:

To Move the model using the middle mouse button Move the model using the Pan command

Do this Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. 1. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning, The mouse pointer changes to a hand. 2. 3. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. To stop panning, press Esc.

Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands

Do one of the following:

• •

Use the up, down, left and right arrows on the keyboard. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands.

Flying through the model
Using the Fly command, you can travel through a model, changing direction and varying the speed as you go. You can also adjust the field of view setting, which can be useful when flying in a tight space.

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To fly through a model: 1. Set view projection to Perspective. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. b c 2. In the Projection list box, select Perspective. Click Modify.

Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options... > Model View. b c Modify the variable XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. Click OK.

3. 4.

Click View > Fly. Select a view. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. The arrow indicates the current flying direction.

5.

Drag the mouse to move around in the model.

To change the flying direction, drag the mouse in the desired direction. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance.

• • •
6.
See also

To move up or down, hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. To change the camera angle, scroll with the mouse wheel. To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle, hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward.

To stop flying, press Esc.

XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW

Creating a clip plane
Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. To create a clip plane: 1. 2. Click View > Create Clip Plane. Select a plane. The clip plane symbol appears in the model:

3. 4.

To finish creating clip planes, press Esc. To move the clip plane, click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location.

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5.

To delete a clip plane, click the clip plane symbol and press Delete.

Creating a screenshot
A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box, view, or the entire Tekla Structures window. You can use screenshots in posters, brochures, or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
See also

Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom... To define which view to create the screenshot from, click Pick view and select a view. Under Capture, select Rendered view. Click Options... The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. Set the desired properties and click OK. Click Capture.

Screenshot settings (p. 243)

Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista
Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista, the screenshot commands might not always work properly. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom... Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots.

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Saving a screenshot in bitmap format
By default, screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (.png) files. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (.bmp) format to use it, for example, as a custom component thumbnail. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. 2. 3. 4. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom... Select Place on clipboard. Click Capture. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in .bmp format.

The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels.

Printing a screenshot
You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. To print a screenshot: 1. 2. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands:

• • • •

To capture the entire Tekla Structures window, select Main Frame. To capture the last dialog box displayed, select Dialog. To capture the active view, select View. To capture the active view without borders, select View without Borders.

5.2 Inquiring the model
Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size.
See also

Part properties (p. 247)

Inquiring object properties
Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object, or a group of objects, within the model. To inquire object properties: 1. 2. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. Select an object. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window.

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Object property report templates
When you view object properties using the Inquire object command, Tekla Structures uses the following report templates:

Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models

Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference.rpt

You can modify these templates according to your needs. For more information on how to use templates, see the Template Editor user documentation.

Using the Custom Inquiry tool
Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. By default, the tool shows the total area, weight, and length of the selected model object. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.... The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. 2. Select a part. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window.

Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool
You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.... The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. 2. Click Manage contents... The Manage Contents dialog box appears. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. 3. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list.

• • •
4.

To modify the default attributes, edit the InquiryTool.config file in the ..\environments\common\macros\modeling\InquiryToolAttri butes folder. To create new calculated attributes, click Add…. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+, -, *, and /) to form equations. To modify the calculated attributes, click Edit.... To add more attributes to the tool window, click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button.

Define which attributes are shown in the tool window.

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. Use the InquiryTool. Change the position number of the new attribute. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. the file contains 65 attributes. For example. 2.\environments\common\macros\modeling\InquiryToolAttribut es folder.lst file located in the .• • • To remove attributes from the tool window. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. DISPLAY_NAME. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. Tekla Structures contains several standard filters you can use. 4. The file is located in the . AVERAGE. MAX.3 Filtering objects Use filtering when you want to perform an operation on several objects or properties at the same time. To change the order of the attributes. For example.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. To change the formula of an attribute. use a selection filter to select the beams. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. Open the InquiryTool. 5. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. Save the file. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute.config file: 1.config file in any standard text editor. Filters are particularly useful for complicated models that contain a large number of objects. DATATYPE. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. For example.. if you only want to produce drawings of the beams in the model. Modify the NAME.lst file. 6. By default. 3. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. 5. UNIT. You can create two types of filters: view filters and selection filters. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 173 . Example Create a selection filter for a rule set in the Master Drawing Catalog to automatically create drawings of desired objects. or MIN) from the list box.\TeklaStructures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. use the Up and Down buttons.

use capital letters in the filter name. 3. To have the filter appear at the top of the list. Select options from the Category. b c d 4. Add more rows. Select the check boxes next to all filter rows that you want to enable. Filtering objects using a selection filter Selection filters help you select objects in a model. based on object properties. The selection switches also affect which objects you can select. and Condition list boxes. Click Object group.View Filter dialog box.Filtering objects using a view filter View filters define which objects are displayed in a view. Click Modify. a Click Add row. To use selection filters on an object. To filter objects using a view filter: 1.. right after the standard filter. Select all or part of the objects in the model.. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. In the Value list box. 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . Select a filter from the Available selection filters list box: 2. Only objects allowed by the filter can be selected. and object representation settings also affect the visibility of objects. Modify the filter settings. 6. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. view depth. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 3. Property. 2. Only objects allowed by the filter are displayed. Click Save as to save the filter. 5. to open the Object Group . The check boxes define which rows of the filter are enabled and effective. Select a filter from the Visible object group list box. view setup. 2. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. The work area. the object must be visible in the relevant view. To filter objects using a selection filter: 1. Creating a view filter To create a view filter: 1. type a value or select one from the model.

Add more rows.. Modify the filter settings. Click Save as. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. use capital letters in the filter name. 2. Filtering examples This section gives some examples of filters that you can create. 3. The filter is now looking for an object that has the Name BEAM or COLUMN.Creating a selection filter To create a selection filter: 1. create an empty view or selection filter. 4. Fill in the part names. b c d 3. Select the check boxes next to all filter rows that you want to enable. type a value or select one from the model. a Click Add row.Selection Filter dialog box. 2. BEAM and COLUMN. Filtering parts in specific phases Before you start. and Condition list boxes. To have the filter appear at the top of the list. To filter parts in specific phases: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 175 . Click Save as to save the filter. right after the standard filter. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. 5. 176) Filtering beams and columns Before you start. Click Add row twice to add two new rows. Property. Enter a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. The same filtering techniques can be used for both view and selection filters. to open the Object Group . The check boxes define which rows of the filter are enabled and effective. To filter beams and columns: 1. Select the Or option. In the Value list box. See also Wildcards (p. Select options from the Category. Click Edit > Selection Filter. You can use wildcards to shorten filter strings. 5.. 4. create an empty view or selection filter.

4. create an empty view or selection filter. Click Save as. To hide several reference models. Before you start. In the Value list box. Wildcards You can use wildcards to shorten filter strings. 2. create an empty view filter. 2. create a complement filter to filter out the remaining parts. 5. Tekla Structures uses the following wildcards: 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . Click Add row. Filtering out parts that have a certain profile If you only want to select certain parts. enter the ID numbers of the reference models you want to hide. Fill in the part phases. To filter out parts that have the profile BL200*20: 1.1. A wildcard is a symbol that stands for one or more characters. select Does not equal. Enter a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. Select Does not equal from the Condition list box. 4. 2. To hide certain reference models using a view filter: 1. select Id number. Separate the strings with a blank space. Click Add row. 1 and 2. BL200*20. 6. 7. select Reference object. In the Condition list box. Enter a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. Enter a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 3. Click Add row. In the Category list box. 3. 5. Filtering out reference models Before you start. Click Save as. Click Save as. 4. separate their IDs with spaces. 3. In the Property list box. Fill in the profile.

If a value consists of multiple strings. to find the profile P100*10.Wildcard * (asterisk) Description Matches any number or characters Example HE* matches all parts with a profile name that begins with the characters "HE". "custom panel"). Possible values in filtering You can create filters that contain several properties. use the And option when possible to avoid potential problems with more complex rules. enter P100[*]10 in the filter field. separate the strings with blank spaces (for example. and the And/Or option you can create filters that can be as complex as needed. You can also this symbol at the beginning of a word: *BRAC*. When you create rules between objects that represent different categories. By using conditions. enclose the entire value in quotation marks (for example. and HEC400 L[78]X4X1/2 matches parts with the profile names L7X4X1/2 and L8X4X1/2 [ ] (square brackets) Matches whatever is enclosed in the brackets The characters * and ? can also be used in object names. If the object name you want to filter contains * or ?. Empty values are matched to empty properties in filtering. parentheses. enclose * or ? in square brackets. Template attributes in filtering This section is for advanced users. You can also have multiple filtering values for each property. 12 5). For example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 177 . If you use multiple values. HEB400. ? (question mark) Matches a single character HE?400 matches parts with profile names such as HEA400.

Select the filter you want to copy. option in the Value list box. use the Select from model. If the category you have selected is Assembly or Object. even when using the US Imperial environment: • • • • mm for length mm2 for area kg for weight degree for angle To check which unit Tekla Structures uses for a particular template attribute... Tekla Structures uses the phase number of the actual bolt or weld in filtering. in the Value list box. Assembly types in filtering If the category you have selected is Assembly. Tekla Structures also uses the phase number of the secondary part for filtering bolts and welds. Copying a filter to another model To copy a filter to another model: 1.You can select objects according to template attributes. Use the following units when filtering template attributes. select Template from the Category list box.. The following table lists the numbers and the corresponding assembly types: Value 0 1 2 3 6 Assembly type precast cast in place steel timber miscellaneous Bolts and welds in filtering Tekla Structures follows these principles when filtering bolts or welds: • • • If the category you have selected is Bolt or Weld. and then select the desired template attribute from the Property list box. Tekla Structures uses the phase of that part in filtering. To do this. Tekla Structures returns the value as a number. the property you have selected is Assembly type.. The number indicates the type of assembly in question. and you select the option Select from model. 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . If the bolt or weld is connected only to one part.

VObjGrp.VObjGrp. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. for example. When you redraw a view. 5.SObjGrp. Select where you want to copy the filter. Display settings (p. This can be useful. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. The Display dialog box appears. 2. and selection filters have the file name extension *. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view.4 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. 245) Hiding parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view.SObjGrp. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. 2. To make the filter available in all models. • • 3. and selection filters have the file name extension *.. Delete the filter file located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures. 2. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model.. Click Display. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 179 . Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. Deleting a filter To delete a filter: 1. copy the file to the system folder. 3. View filters have the file name extension *. Restart Tekla Structures. To make the filter available in another model.The filters you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. View filters have the file name extension *.

Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. To display a part with exact lines: 1. 3. To completely hide the unselected parts. Select the part. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. 3. Select the parts you want to hide. Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. To make the parts visible again. To completely hide the parts.Hiding selected parts To hide selected parts: 1. do one of the following: • • Click View > Redraw All. do one of the following: • • Click View > Redraw All. 4. The unselected parts become almost transparent. 2. click View > Redraw All. The parts are shown as sticks. To show the unselected parts as sticks. To clear the exact lines effect. To make the parts visible again. Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. 3. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. 2. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Click View > Hide Part. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. 2. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines.

welds. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 2. 2. welds. and other details belonging to the component. bolts. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. fittings. Click Object group. Hide an assembly 1.. 2. to open the Object Representation dialog box.. See also Refreshing views (p. Click View > Redraw All. Tekla Structures displays all parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 181 . Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • Right-click and select Redraw View. Select the assembly you want to hide. 83) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. See also Refreshing views (p. cuts. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. 83) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions.. Select the component you want to hide. and other details belonging to the assembly. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. to open the Object Group . Click View > Redraw All. Creating an object group To create an object group: 1.. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. Do one of the following: • • Right-click and select Redraw View.To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. Click View > Representation > Object Representation.Representation dialog box.

Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. 6. Restart Tekla Structures. Modify the object group settings. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. In the Value list box. and Condition list boxes. Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. a Click Add row. 2. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. • • 3. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model.3. Object groups have the file name extension *. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. Click Save as to save the object group. Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. copy the file to the system folder. To make an object group available in all models. type a value or select one from the model. Select the object group you want to copy. Property. Restart Tekla Structures. and they have the file name extension *. 2. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . Select where you want to copy the object group. 5. To make an object group available in another model. b c d Select options from the Category. 4. For example. Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. and to create customized presentations of defined objects.PObjGrp.PObjGrp. Add more rows. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.

Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 7. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. 2. while all other parts are 90% transparent Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 183 .. 5. Click Add row. 8. 3. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. 4.. 6. If an object belongs to several object groups. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change to order of the rows. 9. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. To create object representation settings: 1.

Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 2. Modify the visualization settings. Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder..If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. and they have the file name extension *. To make the settings available in all models.rep. Apply. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules.5 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. 2.rep. To create project status visualizations. 5. See also Color settings (p. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. copy them to the system folder. 242) Transparency settings (p. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. Select where you want to copy the settings. • • 3. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. For example. 243) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. 2. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. To make the settings available in another model.. or OK. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . select one of the predefined object representation settings. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Restart Tekla Structures. a In the Object representation list box. Restart Tekla Structures.

b c 3. 4. 5. 6.

Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Define the length of the time step.

Select the Refresh view automatically check box. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. To view the visualization in the model, click the step buttons.

Copying visualization settings to another model
To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder, and they have the file name extension *.4d. 2. Select where you want to copy the settings.

• •
3.

To make the settings available in another model, copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. To make the settings available in all models, copy them to the system folder.

Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*.rep) and object group files (*.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. Restart Tekla Structures.

4.

Deleting visualization settings
To delete project status visualization settings: 1. Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *.4d. 2. Restart Tekla Structures.

Project status visualization example
This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. In the following example, you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. After that, you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model, and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. Finally, you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool.

Example: Defining an erection schedule
In this example, you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Planned erection date. To define an erection schedule: 1. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Modify the value of the user-defined attribute Planned erection date on the Status tab.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model

185

3. 4. 5.

Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. Select the Planned erection date check box. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date.

To make it easier to select parts, create a separate selection filter for each group of parts.

6. 7.

Click Modify. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model.

Example: Creating object groups
In this example, you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. To create the object group: 1. 2. 3. Click View > Representation > Object representation.... In the Object Representation dialog box, click Object group.... In the Object Group - Representation dialog box, create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is earlier than or equal to the review date. a In the Category list box, select Object. b c d e 4. 5. In the Property list box, select Planned erection date. In the Condition list box, select Earlier than or equal. In the Value list box, select Select date... The Select Date dialog box appears. Select Review date and click OK.

In the field next to the Save as button, type a name for the group. For example, plan_same_or_before_review_date. Click Save as.

Example: Creating object representation settings
In this example, you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. To create object representation settings: 1. 2. Click View > Representation > Object Representation... to open the Object Representation dialog box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. 186). a Click Add row. b c d In the Object group list box, select the object group you just created. In the Color list box, select Color by class. In the Transparency list box, select Visible.

186

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model

3.

Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. a Click Add row. b c d In the Object group list box, select the object group All. In the Color list box, select Color by class. In the Transparency list box, select Hidden.

4. 5.

In the field next to the Save as button, type a name for the object representation settings. Click Save as.

Example: Creating visualization settings
In this example, you will create project status visualization settings. To create visualization settings: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization... to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Define the length of the time step. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. In the Object representation list box, select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. 186). Select the Refresh view automatically check box. In the field next to the Save as button, type a name for the visualization. Click Save as to save the visualization settings.

Example: Visualizing the erection schedule
In this example, you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status
Visualization tool.

To visualize the erection schedule: 1. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization... to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box.

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2. 3. 4.

In the list box next to the Load button, select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. 187). Click Load. To view the visualization in the model, click the step buttons. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date:

Review date November 02

Visualization

November 05

November 08

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model

Review date November 11

Visualization

November 14

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model

189

190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . 190) Detecting clashes (p. 194) Finding distant objects (p. 194) Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 5.6 Checking the model When the model is complete. the distance between two points and between bolts. it is useful to check the model for errors. 192) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. See also Measuring objects (p.

To measure bolt spacing: 1.All measurements are temporary. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. Select a bolt group. 2. Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 4. Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. Pick the center point. Select a part. Pick the end point. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. Pick the starting point. Pick the starting point. 2. For more information on each command. Measuring distances To measure horizontal. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 191 . Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. 5. 2. Click Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. 3. Pick the end point. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. 3. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. 3. Click Tools > Measure > Angle. 4.

If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. or stop checking. you can choose whether to continue checking. To quickly locate and view colliding parts. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding parts in the model. 2. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log in the List dialog box. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. Clashes of objects that are only touching one another are not included in the clash check log. If parts. bolts. or reference model objects collide. select a row in the List dialog box. or reference model objects that collide. hold down F while selecting a line. use the Clash Check tool to find parts. 3. To have Tekla Structures automatically fit the work area to include only the selected parts. You can continue working during the clash check. Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. Click Tools > Clash Check. 192 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . Select the objects you want to check.Detecting clashes When you have completed your model. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. bolts.

Reference model clash checking If you are checking a reference model for clashes. Click Apply or OK. If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog. Click Tools > Options > Options. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model 193 . ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected.00.Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. Modify the bolt clearance values. 3. go to the Clash check page. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. 2. it uses the shank diameter instead. the clearance will be zero. 5. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. If you clear the check boxes.. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1.. In the Options dialog box. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. If the fields are empty.

Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Select an object in the list. see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES. select a part in each assembly. • • 2. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar. 2. Select the objects you want to compare. Click Tools > Compare. To find distant objects: 1. inquire or delete the object. 3. In the Viewer and Drafter configurations. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.Reverting to the old clash checking functionality If you are working on a large model. the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. and then select either Parts or Assemblies. For more information on the old clash checking functionality. To compare assemblies. Finding distant objects When the work area is huge. Comparing parts or assemblies To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. columns or plates). Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. for example. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality. select two parts in the model. To compare parts. You can. running the clash check may sometimes be slow. only the old clash checking functionality is available. See also XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE 194 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Examining the Model . You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams. which does not recognize clashes with reference models.

if the following properties differ: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 195 .1 What is numbering Tekla Structures uses numbers to identify parts. 6. 201) Changing numbers (p. or assembly report the properties of identical parts. 205) 6. or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks. assembly. 195) Numbering objects (p. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part.2 What affects numbering Tekla Structures treats objects as different. and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software. Contents • • • • • • • • What is numbering (p. cast unit. and multi-drawings. and exporting models. 204) Clearing numbers (p. cast unit.6 Numbering the Model This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures. 204) Creating a standard part model (p. 195) What affects numbering (p. for example to: • • • connect a drawing with the right part. cast units. and therefore numbers them differently. and assemblies when producing drawings and reports. 197) Numbering series (p. cast units. 204) Viewing the numbering history (p.

Class and phase do not affect numbering. shortened. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered. if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box. a part retains its number. modify the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Identical parts Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. Identical reinforcements Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical. Tekla Structures gives the parts different numbers. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance.• • • • • • • • Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes To define which properties affect numbering in your model. if the following properties are the same: • • • • • Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius 196 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model . Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same: • • • • • Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. For example. or warped). By default. Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. as long as only one part has that particular number. and gives them the same number.

. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 197 . 6. select Number All Objects (Full Numbering). Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings..\environments\<your_environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. select Number Modified Objects. you can choose whether you want to number all the objects or only the new and modified objects. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the commands.3 Numbering objects Tekla Structures keeps a list of objects that have been modified or created since numbering was last carried out.Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config. if the values of a user-defined attribute differ. Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements.. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts.. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes. if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.. To number objects in a model: 1. b c 2. This gives them identical bar geometry. Click Apply or OK. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. To number all the objects. Parts Reinforcements If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes. To number the welds. To number only the new and modified objects. select Number Welds. When you number the model. In that case. For example. Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes. Modify the settings. Class does not affect numbering. • • • If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering. and therefore numbers them differently. User-defined attributes in numbering Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different.inp file located in the .

y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. In this case you should renumber the parts. However. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. 260) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model . The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. However. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. The default starting number is 1.See also General numbering settings (p. Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. the x coordinate. if the variable XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. If you add new parts. The prefix varies based on the part type. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. 259) Weld numbering settings (p. for example.

2. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. When you assign control numbers. To consider all parts in the model. 2. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. With negative directions (such as -X). For example. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. select the parts. and Third direction is Z. To only consider specific parts. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. number the model. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). • • 3.. Second direction is Y. Example In the following example. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. the sort order is X Y Z. their y coordinates are also compared. Indicate which parts to consider. Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. if First direction is -X.. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. specify which parts get control numbers.1. In the Numbering list box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 199 . their z coordinates are also compared. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. Select the parts. do not select any parts. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers.

Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. Number the model. and then click Create. All the beams have the part position number P1. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. • • 3. 8. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. 6. Modify one of the beams. Number the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. b In the Step value field. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. 11. In the Status list box. define the interval. select the parts in the model. 6. To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. 5. a In the Start number of control numbers field.4. to assign the control numbers 2. 3. Click Apply. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. 261) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. etc. do not select any parts in the model. Number the model. 5. 5. or specific parts. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. and then click Create. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. Control number settings (p. type the first control number to be used. 2. 4. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model . To number identical beams: 1. Define the control numbers to be used. See also In the Renumber list box. 2. 7. To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. For example. 4. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. 8. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock.. Click Apply. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command.

cast units. Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”.6. 4. When you run numbering. the steel part mark prefix is P. you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. Under Numbering series. Example For example. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. To assign a numbering series to a part: 1. When you use family numbering. Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 201 . go to the Cast unit tab.. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. However.4 Numbering series You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts. You do not have to specify a part prefix (for example. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box. Click Modify. define a part prefix and a starting number. P1003. for example. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and starting number 1001. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. For example. they get unique qualifier numbers. By default. Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. the concrete part prefix is C. P1002. 3.. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. This can be used. and the starting number is 1. The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a starting number. 2. and assemblies into groups. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. .

clear the existing numbers. Update numbering in the model. 2. b Select a numbering series from the list. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. If you select all the check boxes. Go to the Family numbering tab. 4. and then click Add. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. and each pair has the same length. 3.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. but the holes are different. If you do not select any check boxes.1. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family.. only one family number per series is assigned. 6. Select at least one check box. Family numbering example In this example. See also Clearing numbers (p. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. but not all of them. Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. Click Assign. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to.. 5.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model . The parts have the same main profile. 7.. Click Apply. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. 3. 204) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. Under Compare. 2. 4.

Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. • • • • The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. All beams have the same profile. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes.Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. but each pair has a different length. If a series overlaps another. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 203 .

Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. 6.. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. 4. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For more information on each command.. For more information on each command. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model . If the number you specified is already in use. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. or family numbers after you run numbering.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number.6 Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. see Numbering history log. 6. For information on how to interpret the log file. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. assembly.6. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. multi-position. To clear the position numbers: 1. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2.5 Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. Select an object. Next time you run numbering.. Click Assign. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. 3. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. 2. Set the desired properties. This command does not change the numbering series. This is for information only and the number is still changed. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file.7 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. To change the position numbers: 1.

Delete all unnecessary items. To create a standard part model: 1. Check that the variable XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. 12.8 Creating a standard part model A standard part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. Click Check for standard parts and Apply... 9. 2. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard part model to all identical parts found in the project model. For example. Ensure that the standard part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. 7. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. 5. Explode all components. STD1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. > Numbering. 3. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 10. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model 205 . and that it points to the correct standard part model. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model.. Number the model.6. 4. Save the standard part model. STD2. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. 11.. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. and so on). 13. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard part model. 6. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard part model. Open another model. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. StandardParts. 8. If you have selected the Part name check box.

206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Numbering the Model .

Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. Contents • • • • • • Phases (p. 211) Lotting (p. and erection sequences.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. for example. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. You can classify information according to your needs. 214) Sketched cross sections (p.7 Advanced Modeling This chapter explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. 207) Sequences (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 207 . 233) 7. based on purchasing contracts. lots. and categorize object types. 215) Parametric modeling (p. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. 211) Organizing the model (p.

. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . a Right-click Logical Areas. Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model.. b Click New Building. Create a path structure.. To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. 2. Click Tools > Model Organizer.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only.

4. Click New Story. In large projects. and select Add Selected to Category. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. right-click the selected section or story. 3. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). In the model. In Model Organizer.. You can also create subtypes for object types. To make it easier to view and select parts. 5. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. Click Tools > Model Organizer. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). a Right-click Object Types. Create object type categories. Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. b Click New Object Type. In Model Organizer. select the area for the section or the story. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. In the model. Select a section or story in Model Organizer.. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. 3. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. 2. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1.c d Click New Section. Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. 4. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 209 .. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category .

To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area

Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. 1. 2. 1. 2. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. Select the new area in the model. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Drag the category to another location. Select the objects in the model. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects in the window on the right. Drag the objects to another category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects in the window on the right. Right-click and select Delete.

Move categories Add objects

Move objects

Remove objects

1. 2. 3.

Viewing logical areas and object type categories
To view logical areas and object type categories in the model: 1. 2. Click Tools > Model Organizer.... Select a logical area or an object type category. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. To view more than one logical area or object type category at a time, hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. 3. To view the classification information of an object, right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification, or in the Model
Organizer, select an object and click

.

Deleting logical areas and object type categories
To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. 2. 3. 4. Click Tools > Model Organizer.... Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. Right-click and select Delete. Click OK to confirm.

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7.2 Phases
Use phases to break up a model into sections. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. You can create reports and views, hide objects, and copy objects from other models, according to their phase number. For example, you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. First create a basic model that includes, for example, the columns. This is phase 1. You then copy this basic model to all users. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. When a part of the model is completed, you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2, 3, etc.).

Dividing the model into phases
To divide a model into phases: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Phase Manager.... The Phase Manager dialog box appears. Click Add to create new phases. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. From now on, Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. 4. Divide the model into phases. a To identify the phase of an object, select an object and click Phases by objects. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase, select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. c 5. To change the phase of one or more objects, select the objects, select a phase from the list, and then click Modify phase.

Click OK to save your changes.

Custom phase properties
You can add custom phase properties, which will appear as extra columns in the Phase
Manager dialog box.

Define the names of phase properties in the objects.inp file. To use phase properties in reports and templates, use the syntax PHASE.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name.

7.3 Sequences
Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. For example, you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. You can define several sequences for different purposes, and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling

211

Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects.inp file. Limitations See also

Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. Lotting (p. 214)

Creating a sequence
Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards, you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. To create a new sequence: 1. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. a Open the objects.inp file in any standard text editor. b In the Part attributes section, add a new user-defined attribute. The value_type must be integer, and the field_format must be %d. For example:
attribute("MY_INFO_1", "My Info 1", integer, "%d", no, none, "0.0", "0.0")

c d 2. 3.

Save the file. Restart Tekla Structures.

Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. Type a name for the sequence. Use exactly the same name as in the objects.inp file. For example, MY_INFO_1.

4. 5.

Click Apply. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. The first part gets the sequence number 1, the second part number 2, and so on. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence, Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. If you click Yes, Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part.

6.

To finish adding parts to the sequence, click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc.

Adding parts to a sequence
To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. Select a sequence name from the list. Click OK or Apply. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. To finish adding parts to the sequence, click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc.

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You cannot add new parts to a sequence, unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. If the sequence changes, you must redefine the whole sequence.

Checking the sequence of a part
You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. To check the sequence of a part: 1. 2. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. Select a part. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. For example:

Modifying the sequence number of a part
Before you start, assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Click User-defined attributes... The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. For example, MY_INFO_1. 3. 4. Modify the sequence number. Click Modify.

Deleting a sequence
To delete a sequence: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Sequencer.... Select a sequence name from the list. Click Delete and then click Yes.

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7.4 Lotting
With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. For example, you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. With this information, it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. When you define lots, you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle, because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. For most model parts, the weight is based on the size, length, and material of the part.

To view the properties of a part, right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties...

You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. For example, you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. However, if you are using cast-in-place concrete, remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example, in a ten-cubic-yard truck). In that case, you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots.
See also

Sequences (p. 211)

Creating a lot
To create a lot: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Click Properties... to display the Lot Properties dialog box. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. Type a lot number in the Number field. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. Click Add. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties.

Adding parts to a lot
After you have created the needed lots, you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. To add parts to a lot: 1. 2. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Select an existing lot from the list. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. 3. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot.

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Click Delete. Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Select an existing lot from the list. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. Click Properties. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. If you simply select parts.5 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. 5.. 2. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. See also The profile catalog Cross section sketch editor Tekla Structures includes a cross section sketch editor. Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. Click OK to close the dialog box. 3. 2. When you hold down Shift.4. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. When you re-open the dialog box. Select an existing lot from the list. Click Apply selected. 7. 4.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 215 . 3. 4. which you can use to create your own profile cross sections and to modify them. Click OK to close the dialog box. 5. Click Apply selected. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. and how to use them in a model.

Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section editor by picking three points. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. Ensure that you create a closed shape. 2. First you need to sketch the outline of the cross section. To sketch an arc: 1. arcs. you can start creating a cross section.. 217) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section editor by picking points.. and the holes in the cross section. Click the Sketch arc icon: 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. To sketch a polyline: 1. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. using lines. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. 2. 4. Pick points to create each line segment. Open the Cross Section Sketch Editor. and circles. 2. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. 216) Sketching an arc (p. 216) Sketching a circle (p.The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. Tekla Structures opens the: • • • Cross Section Sketch Editor View and the sketching toolbar Variables dialog box Sketch Browser dialog box Creating sketches When you have the cross section sketch editor open. Open a Tekla Structures model. such as a cold rolled section. Opening the cross section sketch editor To open the cross section sketch editor: 1.. Open the Cross Section Sketch Editor. See also Sketching a polyline (p.

Before you start. 217) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. Before you start. close the shape. 218) Adding a fixed constraint (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. The lines do not have to intersect. 217) Adding a coincident constraint (p.3. force lines to meet. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 217 . 219) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched parametric cross section to be parallel to each other. Open the Cross Section Sketch Editor. To sketch a circle: 1. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. Pick three points to define the arc. and add chamfers in corners. you can straighten lines. Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched parametric cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section editor by picking two points. Adding constraints to a sketch After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. 2. Select a line in the sketch. 218) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 3. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. 4. 218) Adding a vertical constraint (p. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. For example. create 90 degree angles. To add a parallel constraint: 1. Select another line in the sketch.

Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View.To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. Before you start. by extending or shortening one or both lines. Click the Coincident constraint icon: 2. Select a line in the sketch. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . Select the line to place at a 90 degree angle to the first line selected. 3. Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched parametric cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. The lines do not have to intersect. Pick the end of the first line. To add a fixed constraint: 1. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Before you start. 3. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. Select a line in the sketch. To add a coincident constraint: 1. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. You can still rotate the profile in the model. Pick the end of the second line. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Use a horizontal constraint with other constraints to straighten the entire profile. Adding a horizontal constraint You can force a line in a sketched parametric cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape.

Select a line in the sketch. and vice versa. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 219 . Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Click the Display Sketch Browser icon Select the constraint. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Tekla Structures highlights the constraint in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. Use a vertical constraint with other constraints to straighten the entire profile. Adding a vertical constraint You can force a line in a sketched parametric cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. Deleting a constraint from a sketch You can delete constraints from sketches using the Sketch Browser or Cross Section Sketch Editor View. When you select a constraint in the Sketch Browser. Before you start. 2. To delete a constraint from a sketch using the Sketch Browser: 1.Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. Before you start. To add a vertical constraint: 1. You can still rotate the profile in the model. Select a line in the sketch. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu: to open the Sketch Browser.

You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. 220) Adding an angle dimension (p. To add a radial dimension: 1. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. 221) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. See also Adding a radial dimension (p.Adding dimensions to a sketch After you have sketched a cross section. 220) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. Before you start. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. Adding an angle dimension You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched parametric cross section. 221) Adding a radial dimension You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched parametric cross section. Select the arc or circle. 221) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations.

Click the Sketch vertical distance icon: 2. create a line. Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 221 . 3. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Select the first line. or circle in the Cross Section Editor View. between two points you pick. Before you start. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension. Select the second line. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension. Before you start. Click the Sketch free distance icon: 2. between two points you pick. Before you start. 3. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched parametric cross section. 4. arc. or circle in the Cross Section Editor View. To add an angle dimension: 1. Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension.Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched parametric cross section. 4. 3. create a line. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal distance icon: 2. between two points you pick. arc. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched parametric cross section.

This means you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use when it positions parts. Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension.3. the positioning planes are placed according to the bounding box of the part. Defining positioning planes of sketched cross sections When you sketch a cross section. 223) Moving positioning planes (p. not the part outline See also Showing and hiding part positioning planes (p. 222) Connection positioning planes (p. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . See also Part positioning planes (p. By default. These planes are used also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. 224) Connection positioning planes With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section. 101) Part positioning planes With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts which have a sketched profile cross section. you can define positioning planes for it. Example The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes. 222) Part position (p. 4. Example You can define part positioning planes that define the Middle option of an asymmetric cross section: Part positioning planes The Middle option based on the intersection of the part positioning planes.

Click the Show or hide connection positioning planes icon: TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 223 . See also Showing and hiding connection positioning planes (p. To show or hide the part positioning planes of a sketched cross section: 1. 224) Showing and hiding part positioning planes You can show and hide the part positioning planes of a sketched cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Click the Show or hide part positioning planes icon: Tekla Structures displays the part positioning planes in blue: See also Part positioning planes (p. you need to move the connection positioning planes. Before you start.If you want to place details as in the image below. 222) Moving positioning planes (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. To show or hide the connection positioning planes of a sketched cross section: 1. sketch the shape of the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. 224) Showing and hiding connection positioning planes You can show and hide the connection positioning planes of a sketched cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. 223) Moving positioning planes (p. Before you start.

3. Select a part positioning plane. Moving an object (p. Select a positioning plane. click the Show or hide part positioning planes icon. Select the type of the positioning plane you want to move. 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . 5. 4. With the cross section open in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. 46) Reverting to the default part positioning planes (p. click the Show or hide connection positioning planes icon. 224) Moving positioning planes To move a positioning plane: 1. Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. To revert to the default part positioning planes of a cross section: 1. Move the plane like any other object in Tekla Structures.Tekla Structures displays the part positioning planes in green: See also Connection positioning planes (p. • • 2. click the Show or hide part positioning planes icon to show the part positioning planes: 2. 222) Moving positioning planes (p. 225) Reverting to the default part positioning planes You can revert to the default part positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. 224) Reverting to the default connection positioning planes (p. See also To move part positioning planes. To move connection positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3.

226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 225 .. Double-click the cross section to open it in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Click the Show or hide connection positioning planes icon again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. for example.4. 2. Modifying sketched cross sections You can modify existing cross section sketches.. With the cross section open in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Reverting to the default connection positioning planes You can revert to the default connection positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. In the Component Catalog. Double-click an object to modify its properties. 3. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. Click the Show or hide part positioning planes icon again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. click the Show or hide connection positioning planes icon to show the connection positioning planes: 2. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. 4. select Sketched profiles from the list box. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. Close the object properties dialog box. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. 8. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. • • See also You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. To revert to the default connection positioning planes of a cross section: 1.. 7. 4. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. 3. Select a connection positioning plane. Modify the object properties. 5. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. 6. 226) Setting the sketch thickness (p.

7=Line and arc) and dimensions. 3. chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. You can click an object in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View and Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. for example. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. double-click the chamfer symbol Cross Section Sketch Editor View. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. by defining the extrusion type and thickness of a sketch in the Sketch Browser. arcs. 150) Setting the sketch thickness You can easily create cross sections of a consistent thickness. Cross section extrusion types (p. 4. constraints. You can modify chamfers to create rounded cross section corners. arcs. Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. in the In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. or 2) and thickness of the sketch.Modifying chamfers in a sketch When you use the Create polyline command to sketch a profile/cross section. To change the shape or dimensions of a chamfer: 1. 227) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p.. 5. 2. 150) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines.. 1=Line . for example. The Sketch Browser opens when you open the cross section sketch editor and work with the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Lines. Sketch objects The Sketch Browser contains the following information about a cross section sketch: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. 1. To set the thickness of a sketch: 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . cold rolled sections. tree-like structure. Or click an object in the browser to have Tekla Structures highlight it in the view. Click Modify. Close the Chamfer Properties dialog box. circles. dimensions. See also For each chamfer you want to change. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None.

1. to save the changes. sketch an open polyline. P1) after =. b Type the extrusion type number (0. See also Click the Save sketch as icon Cross section extrusion types (p. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. 1. 2. 227) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a sketched. Type the value of the thickness after =. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. In the Sketch Browser. P1). 3. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. open polyline is extruded to create a cross section with a consistent thickness. 4. In the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. or 2) after =. In the Formula column. define the default value for the parameter variable. (Default) Image TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 227 . Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. The extrusion types of sketches are: Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser.

See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. 226) Using variables to define cross section properties You can use variables to define the properties of a sketched cross section. Image 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. Variables can define fixed properties. or they can include formulas. For example.Type 1 Description The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. you can create a variable that calculates a dimension: The Sketching toolbar includes the following tools that you can use for defining and editing variables: 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model.

3. When you use the profile in the model. Open the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • Thickness (P1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Width (b1) To create a symmetric C-shaped cross section: 1. 2. including sketched cross sections. type =h2 in the Formula field of distance h3 and =b1 of distance b2. To make the profile symmetric. which shows the elements in a sketched parametric cross section. This command works the same way as the Display variables command in the Custom component editor. • • To change the distance value. add or change variables in parametric model objects. We create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. Use the Sketch horizontal distance and Sketch vertical distance commands to create the distances. See also Defining variables Display variables Custom component browser Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to use the Variables dialog box and Sketch Browser. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 229 .Command Display variables Icon Description View. enter a new value in the Formula field. Display sketch browser Opens the Sketch Browser. This command works the same way as Custom component browser in the Custom component editor. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a C-shaped cross section.

To save a sketched cross section: 1. right-click the ExtrusionType object. In the Sketch Browser. Click the Save sketch as icon on the sketching toolbar: 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . 4. set Visibility to Show. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the profile catalog in the current model folder. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. type Thickness. and then type =2. click Add. select Show. b c d e f In the Formula field. a In the Variables dialog box.• If you want to give variables different values when using the profile in a model. In the Sketch Browser. To enter varying values for profile thickness. In the Label in dialog box field. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. add a parameter variable (P1). right-click the Thickness object. In the Visiblity field. enter a thickness value. and then type =P1.

define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. To update an existing cross section. click OK. • • Tekla Structures does not save sketched. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. See also Adding dimensions to a sketch (p. the shape of the profile will not change if you change its dimensions. For concrete parts. If you have applied constraints correctly. button next to the Profile field. 2. In the User Profile Cross Section dialog box: • • To save a new cross section. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. For example. 5. In the Select Profile dialog box. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. doubleclick the Create beam icon to open the Beam Properties dialog box. 6. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the Cross Section Sketch Editor View. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. click the Select.bin file.. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box.2. 3. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. Double-click a part icon to open the part properties dialog box. or use the name of a standard profile. For steel parts. Click OK to save the profile properties and close the Select Profile dialog box.. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 231 . 2. Click Modify. click the button next to the Profile field. 5. and then click OK.db1 file. To select a profile to use: • • 3. parametric cross sections that do not have dimensions. 4. You cannot include numbers in the cross section name. you are ready to use it in the model. Change the Value field. type a name in the Prefix field. 220) Testing a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. 4.

uel). Select an existing export file.. You can also create pictures of the profile cross sections you have sketched to be shown in the profile catalog. 170) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Exporting sketched cross sections (p. Pick points in the model to create the part with the sketched cross section. Select Sketched profiles from the list box. Save the picture in bmp format in the . 4. Using the Tools > Screenshot > View without Borders command when you have the cross section open in the active Cross Section Sketch Editor View. 5. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. To add a picture of a sketched cross section to be shown in the profile catalog: 1.\TeklaStructures\*version*\nt\bitmaps folder using the cross section name as the filename. Create a picture that shows the shape and dimensions of the cross section: • • 2. 232) Importing sketched cross sections (p. in the Selection box. Click OK to save the part properties and close the part properties dialog box. Right-click and select Export. 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . Select the cross sections you want to export.7. 2. In the Export Components dialog box. browse for the folder. 3. Using any graphics editor (for example. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. See also Creating a screenshot (p. 171) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models.. 6. To export several cross sections. mysketch. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections.bmp. Microsoft Paint). 233) Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. Type a name for a new export file. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. 8. from the pop-up menu. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. do one of the following: • • 7. Creating a picture of a sketched cross section Profiles in the profile catalog include pictures which illustrate the shape and dimensions of each profile. for example. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting..

Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. use the variable XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. 4. 2. Select the file to import.By default.uel). Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. which means that each model object.6 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. See also Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog 7. or copy the profdb. 6. you need to import both the cross section and profile. To automatically import all *. select Sketched profiles from the list box. or relationships. In the component list. 7. Tekla Structures adds the cross sections to the export file (*. Tekla Structures saves the export file to the current model folder. 3. from the pop-up menu. To use profiles from a model.uel). has parameters which define various properties. 8. 5. In the Import Components dialog box.. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object.. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. Create variables that define the properties of the model object. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 233 . Click OK. To import sketched cross sections: 1.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. right-click and select Import.bin file. including its geometry. Click OK. location and relationship to other parts. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. such as a beam or column. You can use these parameters to: • • Create dependencies. between model objects.

This command works the same way as the Create distance command in the Custom component editor. Add Distance > Reference Creates a reference distance between model objects.Creating dependencies Tekla Structures includes several tools that you can use to create dependencies or relationships between model objects. such as a beam or column. For example. This command works the same way as the Create reference distance command in the Custom component editor. The Modeling menu includes the following parametric modeling tools: Command Add Distance > Fixed Icon Description Binds a handle on a model object to up to three planes on other model objects. the column follows. Variables can define fixed properties. The Model Editor includes the following tools for defining and editing variables: 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling . at a fixed distance. Illustrates the distance in the model view. They can also include formulas. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. so that when you move the wall. such as the name of a column. which you can include in formulas in the Variables dialog box. See also Defining variables Custom component browser Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Creating variables Use variables to define the properties of a model object.

. Icon Description View.. Model Browser.. which shows the elements in a model object.Command Display Variables. This command works the same way as the Display variables command in the Custom component editor. You can use these variables to calculate the properties of related model objects.. add or change variables in model objects. Use to copy absolute values or references and use them as variables in parametric calculations. Opens the model browser. This command works the same way as Custom component browser in the Custom component editor. See also Defining variables Display variables Custom component browser Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 235 .

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t 236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 237 .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling 239 .

240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Advanced Modeling .

Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. 255) Numbering settings (p. y. Select to bind objects to grid lines. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. z is absolute). and z directions. and z directions (x and y are relative. Field Coordinates Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. The names of the grid lines. 247) Detail properties (p. 241) View settings (p. y.. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. 244) Part properties (p..1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 241 . 259) 8. Description The coordinates of the grid in the global x.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures.

Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also Description The name of the grid line. 72) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane.Rotate and Move . See also Rotating objects (p. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings.See also Grids (p. The rotation angle between the original and new position.. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. 49) Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. Grid lines (p. Defines the number of copies created. Field Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Field X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around Description The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis.. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. 74) Rotation settings Use the Copy . Select to bind objects to the grid line.

Option As is Description The current color is used. Field View name View View without borders Description Shows the selected view name. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. 182) Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 243 . Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. See also Object representation settings (p. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. Object representation settings (p. Object is not shown in the views. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. Object is transparent in rendered views. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. Option As is Description The current visibility. All parts are colored according to their Class property. the settings will be read from that object group. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. 182) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings.

The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Field Final width Description The width of the screenshot. 170) 8. How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. Saves the screenshot to a file. There are limitations to pixel density.Field Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Description For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Final height The height of the screenshot. The Options. Creating a screenshot (p. Sets the line width. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. Field or button Name Angle Projection Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation.. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. View depth Description The name of the view. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. White background Smooth lines Line width See also Uses white background. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling.. DPI The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. The appearance of the model in the view. How far Up and Down from the view plane Tekla Structures displays the objects.. The projection type of rendered views..

Description Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how.. button displays the current view properties. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. Which object group is displayed in the view. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. Visible object group Object group. Field View plane Number of views Description The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the basic view. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. If the View name prefix field is left empty. PLAN +3000.g. See also Views (p. Each view plane has its own view properties.. no prefix is used.. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. Opens the Object Group .. Some of these settings may affect system performance. This name overrides the name in the view properties.. e. See also Creating grid views (p. The Show. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 245 .. 76) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views.Field or button Display. None does not create any views. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. 81) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model.

Exact displays the cuts. Holes Defines how holes are displayed. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. When using this option. This option increases display speed significantly. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. This option is only available in wire frame views. washers. or large parts of it. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. and nuts as solids. 179) 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . In view does not increase the point size. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. when viewing the entire model. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. Reference line shows parts as sticks. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. Exact shows bolts. but skips cuts. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. Point size Defines the size of points in views. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. Exact shows holes as solids. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). See also Defining which objects are displayed (p.Field Parts Description Defines how parts are displayed.

8. cambering. Used to group columns. The type of finish. The material of the column.prt. The design information of the column. relative to its reference point.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. See also Setting object properties (p. The horizontal position of the column. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Warping. The analysis properties of the column. Creating a steel column (p. and shortening of the column. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. steel polybeam. Field Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name Profile Material Finish Class User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also Description The part mark series of the column. The position of the column. The profile of the column. relative to its reference point. The support conditions of the column ends. 111) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 247 . The user-definable name of the column. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. 35) Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. User-defined properties of the column.clm. The assembly mark series of the column. How the column is rotated around its axis. or curved beam. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction.

The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. The analysis properties of the beam. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. and shortening of the beam. The assembly mark series of the beam. The finish type. The design information of the beam. for example PL20. 109) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. User-defined properties of a beam. The position of a beam on the work plane. The support conditions of the beam ends. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Creating a steel beam (p. Field Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name Profile Description The part mark series of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the contour plate. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. The user-definable name of a beam. The material of a beam. The position of a beam. The loading properties of the beam. 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings .cpl. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The format is PL+ thickness. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. The profile of a beam. Used to group beams. Warping. cambering. The profile of the contour plate.Field Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name Profile Material Finish Class User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also Description The part mark series of a beam.

The material of the beam. Field Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name Profile Material Finish Class User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Description The part mark series of the beam. The spanning properties of the plate. The analysis properties of the contour plate. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. User-defined properties of the beam.crs. perpendicular to the work plane. Creating a contour plate (p. The finish type. 112) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. in terms of depth. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The design information of the beam. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. The profile of the beam. The finish type. The design information of the contour plate. The analysis properties of the beam. Used to group contour plates. relative to its reference point. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. User-defined properties of the contour plate. The horizontal position of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 249 . The assembly mark series of the beam. relative to its reference point. The loading properties of the plate.Field Material Finish Class User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also Description The material of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the beam. The position of the contour plate. Used to group beams. The support conditions of the beam ends. The position of the beam.

The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. 110) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. The type of finish. relative to the beam’s reference line. Used to group twin profiles. in terms of depth. The offsets of the ends of the beam. 112) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. perpendicular to the work plane.See also Creating an orthogonal beam (p. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. Defines how the profiles are combined. The analysis properties of the twin profile. 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . User-defined properties of the twin profile.cpf. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The material of the beams. Field Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name Profile Material Finish Class User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also Description The part mark series of the twin profile. The material of the pad footing. The beam position. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *.dia. Field Name Profile Material Description The user-definable name of the pad footing. The design information of the twin profile. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The vertical clearance between the profiles. Creating a twin profile (p. The profile of the pad footing. The user-definable name of the twin profile.

The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. The material of the strip footing. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. relative to its reference point. Field Name Shape Material Finish Class User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Description The user-definable name of the strip footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. User-defined properties of the pad footing. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 251 .csf. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Used to group pad footings. Used to group strip footings. The type of finish. Creating a pad footing (p. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. relative to its reference point. The analysis properties of the strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. The profile of the strip footing. The vertical position of the pad footing. User-defined properties of the strip footing. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. 118) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. The horizontal position of the pad footing.Field Finish Class User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also Description The type of finish.

The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction.ccl. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. The material of the column. The profile of the column. Field Name Profile Material Finish Class User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also Description The user-definable name of the column. 119) Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. Used to group columns. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. User-defined properties of the column. 119) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. The design information of the footing.cbm. The support conditions of the column ends. Warping. cambering and shortening of the column. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. Creating a strip footing (p.Field Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also Description The support conditions of the footing ends. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. The analysis properties of the column. Define the cast unit series of the column. How much the column is rotated around its axis. The design information of the column. Creating a concrete column (p. The type of finish.

Define the cast unit series of the beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. 120) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. The material of the slab.Field Name Shape Material Finish Class User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also Description The user-definable name of the beam. The thickness of the slab. User-defined properties of the slab. Warping. in terms of depth. Used to group slabs. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 253 . Creating a concrete beam (p. The offsets of the ends of the beam. perpendicular to the work plane. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. cambering and shortening of the beam. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. Field Name Thickness Material Finish Class User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Description The user-definable name of the slab. The type of finish. relative to its reference line. The beam position on the work plane. The type of finish. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The design information of the beam. The profile of the beam. The loading properties of the beam. Used to group beams.csl. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. User-defined properties of the beam. The material of the beam. The position of the slab. The analysis properties of the slab. The analysis properties of the beam.

The analysis properties of the panel. User-defined properties of the panel. The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). relative to its reference line.Field Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also Description The spanning properties of the slab. The position of the panel. Used to group panels. The loading properties of the panel. The design information of the panel. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The offsets of the ends of the panel. Define the cast unit series of the slab. The position of the panel on the work plane. The spanning properties of the panel. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The loading properties of the slab. 120) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. Creating a concrete panel (p. The design information of the slab. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. 121) 254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . The material of the panel. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. Define the cast unit series of the panel. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Field Name Shape Material Finish Class User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also Description The user-definable name of the panel.cpn. The type of finish. Creating a concrete slab (p.

Bolts (p. Field Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Cut length Description Bolt diameter. Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. Indicates whether threads can be inside the material. For example. in both directions from the bolt group plane. group diameter. Tolerance = Hole diameter . or coordinate. number. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. Zero for a round hole. depending on the bolt group shape. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. Bolt assembly standard/grade. x allowance of a slotted hole. 127) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings 255 .8. Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. Zero for a round hole. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Dy. The value defines how far along the bolt axis the parts must be in order to hit the bolt group. y allowance of a slotted hole. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. Bolt spacing. Extra length Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Additional bolt length. On plane Rotation At depth Dx. or co-ordinate. relative to the current work plane.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. Bolt group shape. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. Bolt spacing. depending on the bolt group shape. If the bolt connects several parts.

Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. To change the separator to @. information about the weld specification or process. set the variable XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. bevels. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. 50–100. Tekla Structures uses the – character to separate weld length and pitch. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. By default. For example. Tekla Structures creates the weld. defining the start and end points of the weld. Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. 137). but does not display it drawings. Pitch Prefix Reference text Root face See Weld size prefixes (p. Field Size Description The size of the weld. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • Finish None Flush Convex Concave Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. or groove. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. The options are: • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Effective throat The weld size used in weld strength calculation. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. To create a non-continuous weld.g. 256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . Type Angle See Weld types (p. The angle of weld preparation. e.Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. 257). for example. for example.

Field
Edge/Around

Description Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used.

Workshop/Site

Indicates where the weld should be made. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag.

Connect part/ assembly Position Root opening Stitch weld

See Using welds to create assemblies (p. 140). See Weld position (p. 136). The space between the welded parts. Indicates whether the weld is a stitch weld. Stitch welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols.

See also

Welds (p. 135)

Weld types
Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. The following table shows the available weld types:

Weld type

Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single Ubutt weld) J-groove weld (single J-butt weld) Flare V-groove weld

Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16

Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings

257

Weld type

Name Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Material removal by machining is required (supplementary symbol) Smooth weld

Number 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 14 18 19 20 21

Preparation Secondary part No No No No No No No Secondary part No

22

Corner chamfer properties
Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer.

Field
Type x y dz1 dz2

Description The shape of the chamfer. The dimensions of the chamfer. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. Use these fields, for example, to give plates varying thicknesses.

See also

Chamfering part corners (p. 150)

258

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings

Edge chamfer properties
Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer.

Field
Type Name Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type

Description The shape of the chamfer. The name of the chamfer. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. The shape and position of the first end point. The shape and position of the second end point.

More information

The options are:

Full: The end point is

positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge), and the shape is straight.

Straight: The end point is

positioned at the point you pick, and the shape is straight.

Bevelled: The end point is

positioned at the point you pick, and the shape is angled.
Dimension

The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points.

See also

Chamfering part edges (p. 151)

8.5 Numbering settings
This section provides more information about specific numbering settings.

General numbering settings
Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings

259

Option
Renumber all Re-use old numbers

Description All parts get a new number. All information on previous numbers is lost. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. If a separate standard part model has been set up, Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard part model. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standard model, Tekla Structures assigns it the number of the part in the standard model.

Check for standard parts

Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model

The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save, numbering, and save sequence, so that all other users can continue working during the operation. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position, the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing, the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part.

Automatic cloning

Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also

The location, size, and number of holes affects numbering. The part name affects numbering. The orientation of beams affects numbering. The orientation of columns affects numbering. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. See Assembly position numbers (p. 198).

Numbering objects (p. 197)

Weld numbering settings
Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports.

260

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings

Field
Start number

Description The number from which the numbering starts. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. Defines which objects are affected by the change.
All welds changes the number of all welds in

Apply for

the model.
Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds

Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. If some welds have been removed, Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds.

See also

Numbering objects (p. 197)

Control number settings
Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings.

Field
Numbering

Description Defines which parts get control numbers.
All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. By numbering series creates control

numbers for parts in a specific numbering series.
Assembly/Cast unit numbering series

Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Needed only with the By numbering series option.

Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber

The number from which the numbering starts. Defines the interval between two control numbers. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers.
Yes replaces the existing control numbers. No keeps the existing control numbers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings

261

199) 262 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Settings . Control numbers (p.Field First direction Second direction Third direction See also Description Defines in what order to assign control numbers.

right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. for example. Start the Move or Copy command. The dialog box remains open on the screen. With Xmouse active. when creating grids and levels in a new model. 264) 9. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Tips 263 . Contents • • General modeling tips (p. 3. Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. 2. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. 263) Part positioning tips (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. b c Select an object. To stop copying or moving objects. you can use the Xmouse option. Enter the values you want to use. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately.

Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. 2. Go to the How to find perfect background color for your needs page. 3. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. always pick points from left to right. do one of the following: • • Move the mouse pointer over the view. Click Tekla Structures > Hints & Tips > General. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. It can cause problems with connections and details. Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. 264 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Tips . This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. 9. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. y directions). Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. 4. move the part handles. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files.To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. Page Down and arrow keys. To lengthen a part. Use the Page Up. move the part handles. 2. To activate a view. Download and install the application. or use the Fit Part End command. and from bottom to top (in positive x. This can cause shop errors.

Use construction planes. Snapping to positions (p. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. lines and circles. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. 49) Construction objects (p. 85) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. Creating a single grid line (p. 84) TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 Modeling Tips 265 . Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. 75) Rotating objects (p.Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. 50) Construction objects (p. Create points. 84) Points (p.

.................................................................. 198 removing objects ........................................................................................130 bolt spacing ... 40 showing and hiding ...........................................................131 bolt group position ............ 118 comparing ................................................................ 38 assemblies ..110 orthogonal beams............................. 73 angle dimensions ....................................................111 warping............................................108 bolts .................................191 bolting sub-assemblies................................................................................................... 113 adding objects ................ 116 assembly types in filtering ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................120 curved beams................... 194 creating ........................................................ 214 nested assemblies ...................... 184 b background color changing....................................................132 buttons common buttons... 114...............128 bolt group shape................................................................................................................ 132 filtering......................................................................... 178 changing the main assembly............................................................ 118 changing the main part.................................................................................................................................193 creating................... 220 angles. 120.. 83 4D tool.....................31 a absolute coordinates ............. 117 selecting .................... 161.......................................................................................................... 132 using welds to create assemblies ...... 59 views ....................................................31 Save as ................................... 252 concrete polybeams .... 117 joining.......................................................... 116 lotting..128 bolt length.............. 115 using bolts to create assemblies ........... 140 attaching parts......................................................................................................................159 bending.............................. 116 numbering ..................................................................... 132................................................................129 bolt offsets ............................................... 191 arcs...........................................................................Index # 3D models................................................................................................................................................ 162 cast in place........................ 127................................................... 216 area selection ..................124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 266 ............................... 255 bolt catalog .......................66 beams cambering..................................133 clash checking.................................. 131.. 158 c cambering parts........31 Save ....................................................................................................... 117 highlighting ....................................161 concrete beams.............................. 113 exploding...............30 Load .............. 180 sub-assemblies .................................................178 modifying ............ 247 steel polybeams ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115 examples.66 examples ..................................................... see visualizing project status ..................................................110 steel beams .............. 109................................................................... 40...............................

................... 40 showing and hiding ... 74 columns concrete columns ............................ 192 colors...................................................................................45 corner chamfers..................................................22 constraints ................................................................................................178 from another model ......................................................120 slabs ..........................................218 horizontal....44 using drag-and-drop ................ 226 checking the model ......................................................................................................................... 150 corner chamfers ...........................................................................261 coordinates absolute..........................................84 construction circles.................................71.. 199............................................................. 247 combining parts ................. 112..................... 113........................ 149....263 linearly to new position .................................................................................................... 122 adding non-concrete objects ............................................ 193 reference models ....... 150............................. 252 pad footings............................................................................................................ 254 polybeams .....................................................185 to another object.................................................................................................................... 119......................... 122 exploding.119.......... 207 clip planes .....122 casting direction ...............85 construction planes .........................................................................................................cast units ........................ 66 color settings ...... 120................................. 122 adding objects .................................................................................................... 150 edge chamfers .................................................................... 150 corner chamfer types ... 192 bolts......................... 200 settings ...........................................................................71 input options ...................... 124 casting direction ..........................................................124 columns ................................................57 copying cast units ..................................... 123 selecting ........ 123 creating .................................................... 251 warping........................................................... 242 finding RGB values ............................. 217 clash checking............................................................. 125 copying........ 66 background color examples ....................................................111......................... 151 in sketches .....................................................................................................................................................184 objects .................................................................. 121............................. 252 steel columns .. 124 changing the main part.................. 119....................217 vertical ........................................ 118.................................................. 124 chamfering........217 coincident . 34 running .........................................................................................................................................................150 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 267 ............................45 object groups....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................57 locking .......................55 relative........................................................................218 parallel....... 198 removing objects .............................. 158 commands............................. 214 numbering ...........................................................................................................................................218 deleting.........................................................................................................46 to another plane .................................................... 258 types and dimensions......................................................................................... 123 lotting.............................................. 40 top-in-form face .................................46 hints and tips ............................57 coordinate system ............................. 35 repeating ..................................................................118 beams............. 149 corner chamfer dimensions...................................................................................... 120............................. 99 classifying information ..............................................................................................159 configurations .......................... 250 panels..............................................123 filters.................................. 194 class ................ 169 coincident contraints....................................................................................................................................................... 190 circles ......182 object representation settings ..45 using coordinates ..... 248 control numbers..................................................................... 121.............................................. 253 strip footings ...................... 181 concrete parts..............................85 construction lines...........84 contour plates ................................................... 123 highlighting ............................................................................. 194 components selecting ........................................................ 264 grid color ......................................................................... 252 cast units .................................... 34 comparing parts or assemblies .............................................. 193 without reference models .................. 99 background color........157........................................................219 fixed..........................................................................................217 perpendicular.............................................................. 122 cast unit type .........43 project status visualizations................................................219 construction objects..................................................95.................... 34 ending . 218 colliding objects ............................

............ 110 Custom Component Editor.......................... 115 bolts .............................................................................................................................27 cuts ................153 grid lines .................... 135 logical areas .............................................25 duplicate objects ...........................................................................................................................175 sequences ..........................................................25 Custom Inquiry..............................................172 customizing toolbars ...........211 drag-and-drop ...............................................................................................................................92 dialog boxes............................................................................ 112.............................................................................. 132 cast units ..............................................................................................................31 tabs ............................................................................................81 grids....210 object types............ 139 cross section sketch editor ............ 113 curved beams ...............................210 dependencies....................................................................................................25 end offsets ..............................................................................................................................38 curved parts ................................................60 nested assemblies..........32 saving properties ................................................................121 standard part models................................................................................................................. 131............................................................184 screenshots .............................................................. 48 Drawing Editor ..................................................................................................................................216 slabs ..............................................................................................120 concrete columns ........................................................................81 welds ....................................149 twin profiles......................................................................................................................................................................................................120 construction circles .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................215 crossing selection .........118 project status visualizations.............32 environments ...................................................................85 construction planes..................209 objects .........................................115 tile patterns ..23 268 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ...................................111 storys ........................................174 views.............................................................................................................................................................................................122 clip planes..........................119 sub-assemblies.....119 concrete panels ..............110 pad footings .........234 measuring ...................................................................................................................................234 DGN supported objects ..154 line cuts.........................................................................................111 steel polybeams...............................................132 sketched cross sections ...........................................................................169 concrete beams .......106 enhanced tooltips..................................170 sections .............245 distances in parametric modeling ....154 part cuts ...................................................220 radial ..................43 e edge chamfers ..........116 object groups ...........................................................................................................................35 orthogonal beams........... 134................... 45........73 holes .....................creating assemblies.......................... 138......234 fittings ...........................220 in sketching.......................208 lots ....................................30 common elements ...... 108........30 dimensions angle .....214 models ...............121 concrete polybeams ....................................................................................................215 sketching cross sections.............................................................................................................................156 polygon cuts.................................................................208 selection filters..........................................205 steel beams ...109 steel columns......................28 common buttons ..............................................112 view filters....................110 dependencies ........................172 adding attributes .........................183 object type categories............220 display settings .........................191 dividing models ........... 151..... 259 editors in Tekla Structures .....212 single bolts..........................................................................85 construction lines............................173 modifying contents.........................................................208 strip footings ....................216 cross sections cross section sketch editor ........75 grid views.............................................................................................120 concrete slabs .............................29 loading saved properties..............................................................................................................................................................181 object representation settings...............84 contour plates ............................ 113.............................................................................155 d deleting logical areas.......................................................................149.......................

........................................................ 187 visualizing project status .............................. 177 selection filters ... 185 exiting Tekla Structures.....................................................................32 top-in-form face ............................................................. 21 filtering assembly types .............69 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 269 .............................................................................245 grids coordinates......................................................................................................................................... 88................................. 175 filtering parts with certain profile..................................124 unselected parts .................................................74 origin................ 123 exporting sketched cross sections ..... 211 exact lines ............................. 146 visualizing erection schedules................................................................................................................................181 dimensions .........................................81 properties ...............................................................................................71 grid lines ....................................180 toolbars.................................................................................................102 reference models...................................................................... 176 selected parts ........................erection schedules ...............................................................................................................................72 modifying ........72 properties ............................................. 176 numbering identical beams ............73 deleting.........75 deleting.....................................................175.........241 work plane grid .................75 properties .. 186 creating object representation settings .............................................................................. 194 fittings ................................................................................................................. 165 examples assemblies .............................................................................................. 250.....39 hiding assemblies ...............................................118....................... 176 objects............... 178 deleting filters ............101 moving...........................................................................73 creating...................................................................................................................75 modifying ......................................................................................................26 tooltips ............................... 178 copying filters ...................... 176 finding distant objects............................174............................ 202 features .............. 73 line extensions... 173 possible values................................................ 202 modifying................................................................ 178 bolts and welds .............. 54 extrusion types .....................................................................................180 work area................ 66 creating object groups...................101 selecting ..................................... 153 h handles ..................223 reference lines.................................................................................................179 positioning planes............................................................................... 187 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section ........................74 grid color......................................................................... 119...................74 creating.................................. 227 fixed constraints................. 180 examining the model ................................................ 200 tile pattern definition ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 175 using template attributes ......................... 185 filtering beams and columns ......................70 f family numbers ........ 232 extension lines................................................. 177 view filters .........................................36 grid labels ............................... 113 assigning family numbers..180 components................................... 174 wildcards .................................................. 187 erection sequences ........................................................... 117 cast units ............................................................................... 176 filtering parts in specific phases .......................................... 72.......................................................................................................................................................................73 part labels........................ 229 defining erection schedules.......................................................................................... 25 exploding assemblies .................................................242 grid views creating..............101 parts .................... 175 filtering out reference models.. 202 background colors...............................................168 footings .... 179 examples.................................................................................................................................................................................. 251 g global coordinate system...................................................................................................................... 201 example..................218 flying through model ......................... 71................ 74 labels ......185. 186 creating project status visualization settings ...........

...........89 selectable objects ..........................60 dividing into phases .................................................................................123 reference models..........27 mirroring objects ...........................190 angles ............................................ 135 horizontal constraints... see tips .....................63 viewing...................................................209 object types......................................................................215 m Magnifier ..................................................highlighting assemblies........................21 j joining assemblies ............................32 Mini Toolbar customizing...............................................................................................................................................................196 reinforcements....................................................................................71 locking the pointer in a direction .........171 moving ................86 sketched cross sections ..117 cast units ......................................................................................................................168 inquiring .........165 flying through model .........................207 rotating...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................116 l languages available languages............48 lines exact ......165 zooming .....................32 local coordinate system ..................................................................................37 hints and tips.......98 measuring objects................................59 checking for errors ......................................................................................................................................................................................27 toolbars in Model Editor .........................55 270 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ....................................................................................................................................................... 207..............................................25 screen layout .......................................................171 object properties ......................................................................................................................................166 materials .207 modeling hints and tips............................................................................165 modify filter check boxes.....................191 distances.............................................................................................................................................................180 loading dialog box properties...................154 linear copying ..........................................................................................................65 Model Organizer .............................................................214 creating ......................................................168 numbering................................................... 171....22 line cuts.........................................................42 introduction to Tekla Structures ......................................................215 removing .....................191 bolt spacing...........................160 models about 3D models.............. 134....45 moving ...................167 saving .......234 Model Editor...............29 modifying logical areas...........209 i identical parts....................................................107 licences..191 menu tooltips..............50 Model Browser ...........105 logical areas......................................................................................................218 horizontal position...................................................................196 importing points .214 adding parts .................25 lengthening parts .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................35 object selection.............................................................................233 Modeling of floor bay (66) ..........................................23 changing the language of user interface ............................263 holes .. 172 interrupting commands ............................211 examining .......................................................................................................................233 inquiring models ......................................................................214 deleting ......................................................................................................................................................133...................................163 levels.....................................195 organizing ............................................263 parametric modeling .........................................................190 creating ....................................................................................................................... 208 lotting .......................................................

..265 properties ......................................................................................263 overriding snap switches ............................ 186 transparency settings ................................................... 182 creating ..................... 203 settings................ 116 numbering ......................................... 260..................... 198 cast units ............ 182 example.................234 parametric profiles .....53 oversized holes...............184 creating........................... 35....................................................................36 duplicates ...................35 rotating .............43 filtering................................................................179 offsets ......................................... 49 to another plane ......................207 orthogonal beams.........................234 profiles....................... 198 reinforcements ...................35 defining visibility .......................195................. 242 copying to another model..................................... 195 assemblies ..............................................................................................235 variables .............................................. 172 measuring......................................62 organizing the model ............ 259.. 36................190 mirroring ...................................................... 48 using handles ............................................................. 168 objects.........................184 example..................................................................................................................... 181 deleting.................... 211 series................................................................................................. 101 multi-user vs single-user .................................53 overlapping numbering series.....201.....194 inquiring properties............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 200 identical reinforcements ................ 263 linearly to new position....................................................97 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 271 .......................................................................................................................... 46 numbering ............................186 object types ...... 261 standard part model .......................... 204 control numbers ..................................................................................................................233 dependencies .............................................................183 deleting............................................................................. 196 modifying................................................................. 204 numbering series.... 48 toolbars .............................................................................................................182 copying ...................................................................................... 26 using coordinates ................................................. 47 using drag-and-drop.........................................................................................................................................................................192 copying .......................................... 198 clearing........................moving hints and tips ............................................................... 171.................249 orthogonal directions .....................199..................................................................... 172 p pad footings ...................................................................................................... 118.... 200 family numbers...................................................................... 46 positioning planes ....................................................................................................................................................... 195 object representation settings.................................................................207 objects clash checking.................................203 views ......49 selecting .........................................................................................................179 deleting......................50 modifying ...... 197 what affects ..... 205 user-defined attributes .............................106 opening models................................ 202 history............................................................................... 224 to another object ..................................................... 201 preliminary numbers...........................................................168 parallel constraints...................................................................................................................... 197 about numbering .121 panning.................. 114................43............................................. 43................... 198 sequences................................................................. 204 identical parts .............................................................................................265 positioning ..........................................173 finding distant objects...................... 40......................................135 o object groups....................................................................201......................................... 38 showing and hiding.....................43 creating................................217 parametric modeling ...................................................................... 181 color settings .................................... 24 n nested assemblies......................................................................................................................... 36 moving..................... 48 models in a view....................................................................................................................................................... 250 panels .....................................196........197 placing objects in model ......... 243 object property report templates...

.....................................................50 plane views ..........155 polygon shapes.105 levels....................................100 showing and hiding...............180 splitting ............................. 139.196 labels .................................................................................54 filtering ....................................220 radius .................................................... 179................ 201 part types............105 positioning planes ............................................................ 97.............................................................................................................107 on the work plane ...................................163 lotting ..... 180 horizontal parts ....... 100...................................50 properties... 96.............................................................................. 185.......................................................................61 project status visualizations ..............................................................................................................................................................97 weld size prefix ................................. see snapping................................ 187 prompts .......................... 140 printing screenshots ............................................................109 user-defined attributes............................................116 assemblies....................118 cutting with another part ................................................................................................217 phases .................................96 properties............................... 120 polygon cuts..................158 steel parts ................................................................................................................................................................................103 vertical .........................................................................176 parametric................... 101........97 separators........................................... 162 changing the material ..............................................83 reference lines ..................................................102 rotation...........................................216 position bending ..................................................................................................................... 102 profiles ............................................................................................. 95 sequences ..........................................264 identical parts .. 35.....................................................................264 numbering................................................................. 212 shortening in drawings.................................... 102 reference model objects...................................157 polylines ................................................................................180 showing with exact lines ..................................................................................................................................................97 twin profiles.............. 101 lengthening in drawings...................113 bending........................................................................... 111....185 creating ...................98 modifying part length ....... 211..........................................................101 parts adding to assembly...........................................................................................................92 272 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ...157 comparing.96 position .......................137 preliminary numbers ...........................................................................................................................part labels ......112 user-defined..........156 extension lines............................................................................175 hiding .............................86 picking...........185 example ..............................................................97 combining ........................................................... 224....................................162 showing only selected parts .......................................................................................................................... 97 filtering .....................................106 horizontal ...................................................83 points ...97 sketched profiles....................................................................33 r radial dimensions ..........................................................................................184 deleting .............98 changing the profile .......86 phase and ID ..................99 warping ............................................................... 225 prefixes profile name prefixes .................... 101..............211 filtering .................198 preparing parts for welding .....................................................................................86 importing................................................ 161.................................................. see snapping .......................................................171 profiles ...................................................108 depth........................97 project properties ...........................................................................184 copying ........................................................................................................................................................214 material................................................................................................................................................85 coordinates ............................................................................................91 selecting.......................................................................................................................................... 235 prefixes ..................194 concrete parts.232 standard.......................222 moving ........................104 end offsets .....................................................................................108 redrawing views ................224 reverting to default ........................159 perpendicular constraints..............................................175 picking points.............86 polybeams ...... 197.................................................................108 cambering...................................................................

......................................................... 103 rotation settings...............................................211 adding parts.............................................................................................. 175 selection switches........................................................................................................213 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 273 .................................................................................................... 49 parts ....... 87 clash checking....................................................... 225 to old clash checking functionality..........................................................37 in Drawing Editor .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 22 rollover highlight ...... 37 rotating around a line ................ 83 reinforcements identical .................................................................................63 sketched cross sections ... 92 updating .........................230 screen layout in Model Editor ....................... 194 RGB values ................................................................40 reference model objects ........... 90 supported DGN objects. 77 restoring default work plane ..................................................................................... 36..................................213 modifying ...................... 198 relative coordinates ......................................................................................................... 89 viewing changes................................................39 interrupting object selection....................... 34 report templates for inquiring object properties.............38 handles.......................................................................................................................208 selecting adding objects to selection ..........................42 assemblies ...........................38 sequences ................................................................................................................................... 88 highlighting .....................................................................................................38 selection filters................................... 242 round holes..............40 crossing window selection...................212 deleting...........40 objects .. 121 running commands. 113 slabs............ 172 representation options...................................................................................................... 134 plates............... 87 modifying properties.......................................................... 167 objects.............................................................................................................................................................................................. 176 hiding........38 nested assemblies..............................................................................................................................42 modifying selection.................................................................................................................................. 88 selecting .............................................. 77 representation options...................42 multiple objects.........88 single objects..170 printing..........................213 inquiring....................171 saving in bitmap format ........... 193 filtering........................................ 101 refreshing views .................................... 89 reference points.................................................................... 196 numbering .........212 creating.......................................................... 49 models................. 37 objects in components..................................................... 34 s saving dialog box properties .......................................................................................................................................................................55.............92 reference models............................................... 264 roles................................................ 88 splitting into reference objects..............................................................................40 cast units ...............................................224.................................reference models........................................................................38 in Model Editor ................................................................171 settings ..................................................................................................................................................................................170 in Windows Vista .......... 73 rendered views ........ 71 reverting to default positioning planes........................................................65 screenshots creating................................... 77 repeating commands.......................................................243 sections ........................................................... 174......................... 89 inserting.................38 window selection ..............................................................31 models.............................................

....................................................................205 standard profiles ..........................33 274 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ....................................................................................................................................................................97 starting Tekla Structures .....................................181 dimensions ................229 exporting ..................settings bolt properties.........251 twin profile properties ............... 26.....................................................217 adding dimensions...................................................................................... 53.............................................................25 status bar .....124 views.............................................51 main snap switches ............................................32 top-in-form face ............................................................................................53 snap depth ..............................228 slabs.................241 grid line properties .................................... 54 using coordinates...................225 polylines......................242 grid properties............................. 233 modifying ....................................159 standard part models ................................................180 components ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................252 concrete panel properties ...........................259 general modeling settings.......................................69 single bolts..........................................................................254 concrete slab properties ....................................................................................................................................231 using in models.......................... 53 tooltips ....................................................216 positioning planes .....................................................................................34 work area.......53 snapshots........250 view properties ................................................................................................................................51 snap symbol....................247 steel column properties ................................................................................................................231 variables ..............................215 adding constraints.................................................217 creating ..........................................................................245 edge chamfer properties.... see screenshots ..................180 positioning planes........................134 snap switches .......................................216 chamfers ...............................................259............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................245 numbering settings ..............241 grid view properties ..........232 extrusion types.............232 saving .....................54 to positions at even distances........56 using temporary reference points .........................................58 snap override ....................... 120...........................220 arcs .......................................................................................................................................................223 reference lines ..................... 261 orthogonal beam properties................................................................230 sketch thickness .....................................................132 single grid lines ...................................................52 overriding ..........................................................50 snap zone .......50 in orthogonal directions.....................102 toolbars................247 strip footing properties ...................................................................55 using tracking.........................................244 weld properties ...............................................................82 warning messages.............................. 158.........170 splitting parts..........................70 shortening parts in drawings........................................................................... 121 warping .............................................................................................51 other snap switches ........101 parts with exact lines ...51 to middle points................24 Sketch Browser................227 importing .................................................................................256 shifting the work plane ....................................................................................53 snap priority ....................................................................................................................................160 slotted holes.......226 testing ........................252 concrete column properties ................................................250 rotation settings ...................................................... 232.......................................................74 single-user vs multi-user.........258 display settings ................253 contour plate properties...........................................................216 creating pictures ................................................226 circles...................222 profiles .................................242 screenshot settings...................................................................249 pad footing properties...................248 corner chamfer properties .........................................101 to part extension lines.....................................................................................................................................215 sketched cross sections...............50 snapping toolbar .........................................................51 snap grids ..............................................................162 showing assemblies...................56 Xsnap..........................................................................255 concrete beam properties.................................... 159 plates and slabs..............................243 steel beam properties ......... 260..........53 snapping dimensions............................232 example ....................36 parts labels .................................................................................................226 sketch editor ........

.............. 249 polybeams......... 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 275 ..........................................................................204 object types ..................................................................264 placing objects............... 247 columns...........213 t tabs.. 251 sub-assemblies ......................................................................243 twin profiles................ 140 surface treatment ......265 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ........................................ 110 orthogonal beams ...197 user-defined profiles . 145 switches selection switches .....................................................99 in numbering................. 30 views ..........................................................79 moving.................................27 moving.......................................................264 modifying part length .....................................210 sequence numbers.............109......................................................................................................................................................steel parts................................................................................................................................................................. 177 Template Editor . 142 tiled surface treatment.....................................210 models................................................................................................. 208 strip footings .............................................263 creating horizontal parts . 113 beams ................... 111 twin profiles .................................................................................. 144 modifying............................... 109 assemblies ................................................................111...................................................................................... 113.......... 141 creating new surface treatments ........................... 169 numbering history....263 copying and moving efficiently .......................................................................................... 143 on selected areas........... 250 u user interface in Model Editor ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 142 on chamfered parts ..........................................................124 tracking ...................................................80 viewing logical areas ........................................ 145 pattern elements ............................32 top-in-form face ................... 25 tips activating overlapping views............. 115 bolting to existing assembly .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 142 on part face ...........26 tooltips ...................................................105 view depth ...................................................... 141 on all faces of part....................................................................................26 Mini Toolbar.......................219 vertical position................................234 in sketching ............. 247 contour plates...................................174 view planes................................................... 248 curved beams............................................................ 30 template attributes in filtering...110................. 149 pattern definition example ......... 83 Symbol Editor ..............................................................................................................................................................179 view filters....... 25 temporary reference points ..... 165....... 55 testing sketched cross sections.............24 user-defined attributes........................................................... 142 on parts with openings and recesses......65 languages...97 v variables in parametric modeling ........................ 250 storys..............................................................56 transparency settings .... 25 overview ....................................................................265 toolbars.......................................141.................................................................................................. 145 creating new tile patterns ..264 finding RGB values for colors............................................................... 112.................................................... 133 welding to existing assembly.............................................................................................. 112..................................................................... 23............... 143 on cut faces.................................................228 vertical constraints........119............................................................................................................................... 231 tiled surface treatment........................... 38 switching between tabs .................. 146 pattern definitions.............................................................................112.......

....................................83 creating................................................... 139 filtering ......38 wire frame views ............................................................................................................................................................................................83 switching between views ................... 135........................81 opening...................................................................69 work plane.......................................................82 overlapping ...................................... 256 creating.................................................140 z zooming using Magnifier ................................................................................81 deleting .................................................................................71 shifting ......................................77 work area ......69 hiding .................................................................257 welding sub-assemblies .............................179 visualizing project status..........................................................................................................................82 naming.......83 temporary ............................................................................................................................................76 arranging .......................................79 view types..................................77 visibility of objects ...............................................................176 window selection.............................................views..................................................................................166 zoom settings.. 68...............................................................................................................................................................................................178 numbering...............136 weld preparation .................................................................................................... 140 weld size prefixes ................................................ 179 defining ........................................................................................81 view planes........................................................................................................................................53 w warning messages....................160 welds..........................................................70 workspace in Model Editor......................................165 276 TEKLA STRUCTURES 15 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................166 zooming in or out ......................................................244 refreshing..263 properties.........159 concrete slabs ............................................159 concrete parts......... 138........................59 x Xsnap.............................................166 with keyboard shortcuts ......................184 wildcards ...166 zoom window .......83 closing .......82 modifying .....260 weld position.................................34 warping beams.........................................................................137 weld types.......70 restoring................................................ 139...........