By: Mirla Mojica M.

2010

VOICE • There are two special forms for verbs called voice: • Active voice • Passive voice .

ACTIVE VOICE • The active voice is the "normal" voice. You are probably already familiar with the active voice. . This is the voice that we use most of the time.

. The active voice is the "normal" voice.Passive vs Active • The passive voice is less usual than the active voice.. But sometimes we need the passive voice.

the object receives the action of the verb Active Subject Verb Object Cats eat fish .ACTIVE VOICE • In the active voice.

the subject receives the action of the verb: Subject Active Everybody Verb drinks Object water Pasive water Is drunk By everybody . In the passive voice.PASSIVE VOICE • The passive voice is less usual.

How to Construct the Passive Voice • The structure of the passive voice is very simple: • subject + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (past participle) • The main verb is always in its past participle form. .

EXAMPLE SUBJECT AUXILIARY VERB (TO BE) is MAIN VERB (PAST PARTICIPLE) drunk Employed paid not paid By everyone By this company In euro In dollars Water 100 peolpe are I we am are Are they paid In dollars? .

Use of The Passive Voice We use the passive when: • we want to make the object more important • we do not know the active subject .

EXAMPLE Give importance to active object (President Kennedy) active subject unknown SUBJECT President Kennedy VERB was killed OBJECT by Lee Harvey Oswald My wallet Was stolen ? .

IMPORTANT • Note that we always use by to introduce the passive object (Fish are eaten by cats) .

as the main verb is always in past participle form and the auxiliary verb is always be.CONJUGATION FOR THE PASSIVE VOICE • We can form the passive in any tense. . conjugation of verbs in the passive tense is rather easy. In fact.

CONJUGATION FOR THE PASSIVE VOICE • To form the required tense. we will only use the simple tense. we conjugate the auxiliary verb. • For example: • Present simple: • It is made • Past simple: • it was made . But for the purpose of this lesson.

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