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Rewrite a statement in if-then form

Conditional Statement

Definition: A conditional statement is a statement that can be written in if-then form. “If _____________, then ______________.”

**Conditional Statement - continued
**

Conditional Statements have two parts:

The hypothesis is the part of a conditional statement that follows “if” (when written in if-then form.)

**Writing Conditional Statements
**

Conditional statements can be written in “if-then” form to emphasize which part is the hypothesis and which is the conclusion. Hint: Turn the subject into the hypothesis. Example 1: Vertical angles are congruent. can be written as... Conditional Statement: If two angles are vertical, then they are congruent.

Rewrite the conditional statement in if-then form.

**a. All birds have feathers. b. Two angles are supplementary if they are a linear pair.
**

SOLUTION First, identify the hypothesis and the conclusion. When you rewrite the statement in if-then form, you may need to reword the hypothesis or conclusion. a. All birds have feathers. If an animal is a bird, then it has feathers.

The hypothesis is the given information, or the condition.

Example:

If an object is a triangle, then it is a polygon.

The conclusion is the part of an if-then statement that follows “then” (when written in if-then form.) The conclusion is the result of the given information.

Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements

Continued……

Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements

**Example 2: Seals swim. can be written as... Conditional Statement: If an animal is a seal, then it swims.
**

Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements

2

3

4

EXAMPLE 1

Rewrite a statement in if-then form

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

b. Two angles are supplementary if they are a linear pair.

Rewrite the conditional statement in if-then form. 1. All 90° angles are right angles.

**Rewrite the conditional statement in if-then form. 3. When n = 9, n2 = 81.
**

**Conditional Statements can be true or false:
**

A conditional statement is false only when the hypothesis is true, but the conclusion is false.

A counterexample

ANSWER

If two angles are a linear pair, then they are supplementary. If the measure of an angle is 90°, then it is a right angle 2. 2x + 7 = 1, because x = –3 ANSWER If x = –3, then 2x + 7 = 1

ANSWER

If n = 9, then n2 = 81.

is an example used to show that a statement is not always true and therefore false. Statement: If you live in the Philippines, then you live in Cebu Is there a counterexample? Yes !!!

4. Tourists at the Alamo are in Texas. ANSWER If tourists are at the Alamo, then they are in Texas.

**Counterexample: I live in the Philippines, BUT I live in Bulacan. Therefore () the statement is false.
**

Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements

9

Symbolic Logic

**Symbolic Logic - continued
**

pq

**Symbolic Logic - continued
**

if p, then q or p implies q

**Symbolic Logic - continued
**

“not”

Symbols can be used to modify or connect statements. Symbols for Hypothesis and Conclusion: Hypothesis is represented by “p”. Conclusion is represented by “q”. if p, then q or p implies q

Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements

is used to represent

~

Example 1:

**is used to represent the word
**

p: the angle is obtuse

Example:

**is used to represent the word
**

p: a number is even

“and”

~p:

Example: p: a number is prime q: a number has exactly two divisors

pq: Note:

The angle is not obtuse

q: a number is divisible by 3

~p means that the angle could be acute, right, or straight. p: I am not happy I am happy i.e. 6,12,18,24,30,36,42...

Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements

**If a number is prime, then it has exactly two divisors.
**

Continued…..

Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements

Example 2:

~p:

pq:

A number is even and it is divisible by 3.

Continued…..

10

**~p took the “not” out- it would have been a double negative (not not)
**

Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements

11

12

13

then it is not regular. then they are congruent. then the sun is not shining. then qp is false. then it does not bark. 6. All dogs bark. then they are vertical. then qp is true. Example: Therefore. (~p~q) Example: is used to represent the word p: a number is even q: a number is divisible by 3 is used to represent the word Converse: Switch the hypothesis and conclusion (q p) pq If two angles are vertical. Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements 18 Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements 19 Geometry Warm up Write the conditional. the statement is false. If pq is false.Symbolic Logic. False Inverse: If a dog is not a Great Dane. False Contrapositive: If the dog is not large.continued “or” Forms of Conditional Statements “therefore” Forms of Conditional Statements Inverse: State the opposite of both the hypothesis and conclusion. then it is large ANSWER Converse: If the dog is large. then it is not equilateral. If it is not warm. then it barks. then they are congruent. ~p~q: If two angles are not vertical. then they are not vertical. 2.e. If pq is true. then it is a dog. If a polygon is equilateral.4.8. then it is not large. Tell whether each statement is true or false. True ~q~p: If two angles are not congruent.. If the sun is shining. If the sun is not shining. then it is not warm.10. Write the converse. then it is not a Great Dane. then it is warm. If it is not a dog. it is warm. then the polygon is regular. then they are congruent. If it is warm.9. pq: A number is even or it is divisible by 3. the inverse. then they are not congruent. Continued…. False 5. the statement is false pq : If two angles are vertical. then it is equilateral. Forms of Conditional Statements Contrapositives are logically equivalent to the original conditional statement. qp If two angles are congruent.. (~q~p) pq : If two angles are vertical. The sun is shining. Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements 14 Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements 15 Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements 16 Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements 17 GUIDED PRACTICE for Example 2 GUIDED PRACTICE for Example 2 Forms of Conditional Statements Contrapositive: Switch the hypothesis and conclusion and state their opposites. If it barks. 2. then it is a Great Dane. True Inverse: If a Polygon is not equilateral.12. Lesson 2-1 Conditional Statements 22 .continued Symbolic Logic . then the sun is shining.14. converse. then it is not a dog. inverse and contrapositive of the following sentences: 1. If a dog is a Great Dane. True Contrapositive: If a Polygon is not regular. If it is a dog.6..15. and the contrapositive of the conditional statement.3.. If it does not bark. i. ANSWER Converse: If Polygon is regular.

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