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13694271 Nanotechnology

13694271 Nanotechnology

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Published by: unique22 on Oct 14, 2009
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04/25/2013

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Oral cancer is any cancerous tissue growth located in the mouth.
Smoking and other tobacco use are associated with 70 percent to 80 per-
cent of oral cancer cases. Thirty thousand Americans will be diagnosed
with oral or pharyngeal cancer this year. It will cause over 8,000 deaths,
killing roughly 1 person per hour, 24 hours per day.
Oneoralcancerresearchgrouphasdemonstratedthatgoldnanopar-
ticles can be bond to malignant cells making cancer easier to diag-
nose and treat. In laboratory demonstrations, the researchers targeted

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GGBD159C05 GR3880/Mongillo

Top Margin: 5/8in Gutter Margin: 3/4in September 25, 2007 16:4

108 Nanotechnology 101

Table 5.1 Some Potential Medical Activities Using Nanotechnology during
the Next 1 to 5 Years

Cancer

Cardiac Diseases Diabetes

Infectious
Diseases

r Smart probes
with reduced
toxicity for
drug targeting
r Identification
of biomarkers
for early
screening in
body fluids
r Minimal
invasive
endoscope
and catheter
for diagnostic
and therapy
r Implantable
mobile
systems for
detection of
cancer cells

r Noninvasive
and minimal
invasive 3-D
imaging
techniques for
blood flow
in the
cardiovascular
system
r Robotics for
heart
diagnostic and
therapy
r Telemedicine
for heart
monitoring
using
implantable
devices

r In vivo
diagnostic
tools to check
glucose
metabolism
r Minimal
invasive
glucose sensor
and insulin
delivery
systems for
daily home
care
r Whole body
imaging of fat
distribution

r Identification
of diagnostic
markers and
easy screening
of changes in
infected cells.
r Integrated
diagnostic test
for rapid and
early diagnosis
of viral and
bacterial
infections

malignant cells in the body with gold nanoparticles. Then they use a
laser to heat the particles that destroy the malignant cells.

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