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13694271 Nanotechnology

13694271 Nanotechnology

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Published by: unique22 on Oct 14, 2009
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Anyone who explores a career in nanotechnology will learn that it is
a multidisciplinary field. Some of these fields include physics, mechani-
cal engineering, chemistry, biology, medicine, business and economics,
agricultural science, electronics, computer science, environmental sci-
ence, and law and ethics.
fields of study. These fields can provide candidates with a solid founda-
tion for any of a broad range of nanotechnology careers.
Chemistry is the study of matter and the changes matter undergoes.
Nanotechnology uses chemistry extensively in the field of molecular
devices and molecular manipulation.
The chemistry in nanotechnology is a bit different from the tradi-
tional chemistry courses. The chemistry in nanotechnology deals with
the manipulation of atoms and molecules of chemicals. Synthesizing
a chemical with nanotechnology means building something atom by
atom. This process is quite different from traditional chemistry that
usually studies materials at the macro or larger scale—more than 100

ture and function of living systems. These systems range from cells
and bacteria to spiders and humans. All of these organisms rely on
nanometer-sized proteins or molecular motors to do everything from
cell division to moving a leg. An application of nanotechnology in bi-
ology would be to isolate one of these molecular motors from a living
system and then design and use it to construct a nanoscale product such
as a nanorobot to search out and destroy tumors in the human body.
Physics is the study of the most fundamental interactions between
energy and matter and time and space. Physics also includes quantum
mechanics, the study of matter and radiation at an atomic scale.
Much of modern technology, such as the transistor, and integrated
circuits, which are at the heart of modern computers and electronics, is
the result of physics research.
To study science and technology, one must have an adequate back-
ground in mathematics. Basic calculus is essential, and differential equa-
tions and linear algebra are widely used.

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What Is Nanotechnology? 17

The field of engineering constitutes applied science or the use of
scientific principles to analyze and solve practical problems, and es-
pecially to design, build, operate, and maintain many types of construc-
tions. The principle fields of engineering are civil and environmen-
tal, chemical, electrical, and mechanical engineering. But many other
specialized types of engineering exist. All types of engineering involve
the application of physics and mathematics to designing or problem

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