2 19-220.Shin. God's faithfulness to his promises (in the Old Testament) has remained through histOlY and his promises have rrankemolle 1974: 118-119. According to Van Aarde (1994:11-13).University of Pretoria .etd .outward ') and an instmctive filllction (' inward ') [is] to help the Matthean cOllllnUllity in its debate with Judaism that Jesus was the Messiah. these endeavours consist of redactional-critical (as the revised edition of the Markan Gospel) work with regard to the theology of Matthew 's Gospel.1 Problem statement Since a half-cenhlry ago several studies have focused on the nature of Matthew 's COllllllUnity (see SU1l2001:2 68-269). cf N ickle 1981: 112-113) puts it as follows: " a redactional treatment of the Gospel of Mark with an apologetic fimction (. for example materialism. 358. 384-400). cf Walker 1967: 114-11:5). the "lUStOIY and calling of Israel" and the "calling of the Gentiles" (Van Aarde 1994: 12. This study includes the "contextuality" of the GospeL Redactional criticism shows that the author's design p0l1rays his cOIlllllunity as the "true Israel" which replaces the "false Israel" of Judaism (Trilling 1964:96-97). 319been fulfilled in Jesus and in the cOllllllunity C 321 . apostasy and lawlessness. The theological issue of the cOlTelation between the disciples in the Gospel of Matthew and Christians in the cOIllllllmity concems the "historicizing" and "idealizing" tendencies reflected in the Gospel of Matthew (Luz 1971: 141-171). secularism . I . in contrast with Pharisaic Israelism and Hellenistic antinomianism (Hummel 1966:66-75). Van Aarde (1 994:11 . spiritual laziness. a cOlTelation between the disciples and readers who associate themselves with the disciples. Kingsbmy's (1969) study of the parable discourse in Matthew 13 points out some of the problems in Matthew 's COIllllllUUty. I-C (2005) Chapter 1 INlRODUCI10N 1. and as instmction to the Matthean COIllllllllUty regarding the Israelite origins of their faith and the ethical implications of being a Christian. The community (who are called to faithfulness) with regard to Jesus' nonnative interpretation of God's will. 142. From tllis perspective." The author creates. by means of his cOIlllllUnication. A "salvation lustorical" I reflection indicates the sta ges of the "prelustory of the Messiah".

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