Useful Moment of Inertia Formulas

Note: In the table below, the overbar indicates the moment of inertia is taken about an axis that passes through the centroid, denoted as ‘C’. Parallel axis theorems are:
I xy = I xy + Ax y I y = I y + Ad I x = I x + Ad 2 ere, A is the area of the shape, d is the distance from the centroidal axis to the desired parallel axis, and x y are the x and y distances of the centroid from the origin of the desired coordinate frame.
2

Rectangle: I x′ = " bh ! "2 I y′ = " b ! h "2
I xy′ = #

I x = " bh ! ! I y = " b!h !

, b/2

,-

Area = bh

h

. h/2

xx

b

Triangle: I x′ = " bh ! !$
I xy = b'b − 2s & h 2 %2

I x = " bh ! "2
Area = " bh 2
h .

s

h/! b

xx

Circle: I x = I y = " πr ( (
I xy′ = #
r
2

, . x

Area = πr

Semi-circle: I x = I y = " πr ( )
I xy′ = #

π ) r ( I x* =   −   ) +π 
Area =

, r . (r/!0 xx

πr 2 2

Ellipse: I x = " πab ! (
I xy′ = #

I y = " πa !b (
b

, r . x

Area = πab

a

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful