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Savoir is one of the most common French verbs. It is irregular in conjugation and literally means "to know.

" Savoir has different meanings in certain tenses as well as some other tricky aspects to it. To Know In general, savoir means "to know" in many senses that this verb is used in English, including to know a fact Anne sait la date Anne knows the date

to know by heart Sais-tu ce pome ? Do you know this poem by heart?

to know how (to do something) Je ne sais pas nager I don't know how to swim

to realize Il ne sait pas ce qu'il dit He doesn't know (realize) what he's saying.

Meaning Changes In the pass compos, savoir means "to learn" or "to find out": J'ai su qu'il avait menti. I found out that he'd lied. Il n'a jamais su la vrit. He never found out the truth.

In the conditional, savoir is a very formal equivalent of "to be able to": Sauriez-vous me diriger vers... Could you possibly direct me toward... Je ne saurais pas vous aider. I'm afraid I can't help you.

Notes Savoir is commonly confused with connatre, which also means "to know" but is used in different circumstances. Learn more in my lesson on savoir vs connatre. Savoir is one of a handful of French verbs that can be made negative with just ne, rather thanne... pas. Je ne sais si je devrais le faire I don't know if I should do it. Je ne saurais le faire

I wouldn't know how to do it. Learn more about this phenomenon, known as the ne littraire.

Conjugations Present tense je sais tu sais il sait nous savons vous savez ils savent All tenses