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# 物理(一

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49805161 49805162 49805163

3
2.水的密度約為 1g cm ,請以 SI 制表示。

−3
3 10 kg
Ex : 1g cm => −2
(10 )
3 3
m
3

cm × 1kg / 1000g × 1000000 cm
3 3
1g cm = 1g 3
m
3
= 1000 kg m
3

7.已知 π =3.14159，求:(a)半徑為 4.20m 的圓之面積；(b)

Ex：(a) 依圓面積公式得知 , R = 4.20 , (4.20 × 4.20) × 3.14159
2
= 55.417 ,答: 55.417 m
(b) 依球面積公式得知, R = 0.46 , 4 × 3.14159 ×
2 2
(0.46 ) = 2.659 , 答: 2.659 m
(c) 依球體積公式得知, R = 2.318 , 4 × 3.14159 ×
3 3
(2.318 ) = 52.17 ,答: 52.17 m

1. 圖顯示向量 A 和 B 的大小為 A=3m，B=2m。用圖解法求:
(a)A+B；(b)A-B。
3M A

Ex : (a)A+B =

2M B

A
3M
Ex :(b) A-B =

2M
6.(I)四個向量的大小均為
B 2m，如圖所示。(a)以單位向量符號

y
---
|
50 120
150 ------------ x
---------- 35
Ex :(a)
０ 0
Ax = -2cos 60 , Ay = -2sin 60 , A = -1i-1.74j (m)

0 0
Bx = 2cos 40 , By = 2sin 40 , B = 1.53i+1.28j (m)

0 0
Cx = -2sin 60 , Cy = 2cos 60 , C = -1.74i+1j (m)
0 0
Dx = 2cos 35 , Dy = -2sin 35 , Dy = -1.64i+1.14j (m)

Ex : (b) A+B+C+D = -2.85i+1.68j (m)

3.308
_
1.68
|
-2.85

(−2.85 )
2 2 2
(c) 向量和大小: + (1.68 ) = x , x =
3.308(m)

0
sin θ = 0.862 , θ = 59 .549
18.(I)向量 A=i-2j 與 B=2i+3j 之間的夾角為何?
Ex: A = i-2j , B = 2i+3j
2 + ( − 6)
A⋅B
cos θ = => cos θ = 2 2 2 2
AB
2 +1 ⋅ 2 +3
−4 −4
cos θ = 5 13
= 65

0
θ= 119 .744