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Religion and medicine
• Like all periods in history of medicine there is influence from religion in Greek medicine. • The Greeks believed that the god of healing was called Asclepius and with the help of his daughters Hygeia and Panacea he healed all the sick people in Greece and those he didn’t heal didn’t deserve to be healed. Or so was the belief.
• Hypocrates came along and changed all that. He refused to believe that gods could heal people and he came up with the theory that illnesses were caused naturally and could be cured naturally without the help of the supernatural. Hypocrates believed that illnesses were related to the seasons and the four humours of the body.
The four Humours
• The four humours are the four liquids in the body; blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile. When these were out of balance you became sick and to cure these illnesses you have to get the humours back into balance. This could be done by using herbs or altering your diet.
• Hippocrates told people that a healthy diet could keep your humours healthy. Hippocrates encouraged people to eat dry foods in the summer and plenty of liquids but eat rich foods in the winter but not a lot of liquids. He encouraged people to go for walks before meals to prepare the body to eat. Also he encouraged people to get plenty of sleep wash regularly and rub their teeth with peppermint
• Hippocrates used clinical observation and case note to determine what was ailing a patient, he would observe a patient and what helped them or didn’t help them then if somebody else had similar symptoms he would know how to help them and have a more advanced knowledge of that illness.
The Hippocratic oath
• This was an oath that new doctors were made to take. It stated that the doctors would do everything in their power and knowledge to cure a patient of their illness and that they would never mistreat or ignore their patients, it also stated that the doctors were put in a station of trust and any concerns the patients brought to their doctor were to remain confidential. This oath is still taken today by new doctors and nurses.